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Discretion (547, 548, 549, 550, 551,-666)

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Keywords: Discretion
Total judgments found: 551

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  • Judgment 1497


    80th Session, 1996
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 9

    Extract:

    "An organisation has discretion in holding interviews according to its own rules."

    Keywords:

    competition; discretion;



  • Judgment 1495


    80th Session, 1996
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 14

    Extract:

    "A decision determining a career path in accordance with CERN rules is analogous to a decision about grading. A long line of precedent leaves such a decision to the Director-General's discretion."

    Keywords:

    case law; discretion; executive head; judicial review; post classification; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1475


    80th Session, 1996
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The decision to terminate the complainant's appointment was a discretionary one, and consistent precedent has it that the Tribunal will not set aside a decision of that kind unless it shows a mistake of fact or law or a formal or procedural flaw, or some essential fact was overlooked or a clearly mistaken conclusion drawn from the evidence, or if there was abuse or lack of authority."

    Keywords:

    case law; discretion; judicial review; separation from service; termination of employment;



  • Judgment 1472


    80th Session, 1996
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "[A] decision [setting the place of home leave] is a discretionary one. The Tribunal will quash such a decision only if it was taken without authority or if it shows some procedural or formal defect or a mistake of fact or law, or if some essential fact was overlooked, or if there was abuse of authority, or if clearly mistaken conclusions were drawn from the evidence."

    Keywords:

    discretion; home; home leave; judicial review;



  • Judgment 1463


    79th Session, 1995
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 14

    Extract:

    "Several judgments say that a decision on a staff report, being a discretionary one, may be set aside only on limited grounds such as a mistake of fact or of law or failure to take account of some material fact: see [...] Judgments 724 [...], 806 [...] and 1144 [...]."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 724, 806, 1144

    Keywords:

    case law; discretion; disregard of essential fact; judicial review; mistake of fact; performance report;



  • Judgment 1450


    79th Session, 1995
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 24

    Extract:

    "The organisation is free to make whatever use it wishes of the possibility of granting fixed-term contracts. The Tribunal will not interfere in the exercise of such discretion. So there is another issue that it will not entertain, namely whether [...] the complainants' duties were permanent or temporary. Whether duties are permanent or not will depend not just on the sort of work to be done but also on the organisation's own shifting requirements."

    Keywords:

    contract; discretion; duration of appointment; fixed-term; judicial review; organisation's interest; post description;



  • Judgment 1446


    79th Session, 1995
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 15

    Extract:

    The grant of an increase for merit is discretionary under Staff Rule 555.1. "By its very nature such a provision cannot confer an acquired right."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: WHO STAFF RULE 555.1

    Keywords:

    acquired right; condition; discretion; increment; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1445


    79th Session, 1995
    Universal Postal Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The choice of a particular sort of disciplinary action is "obviously at the Director-General's discretion and the Tribunal will not interfere unless his decision shows some fatal flaw such as [...] breach of the rule of proportionality."

    Keywords:

    disciplinary measure; discretion; executive head; judicial review; limits; proportionality;



  • Judgment 1444


    79th Session, 1995
    Pan American Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "Termination of an appointment is a discretionary decision which the Tribunal will set aside only on limited grounds".

    Keywords:

    contract; discretion; executive head; judicial review; non-renewal of contract; separation from service;

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    Vide Judgment 1161, consideration 4.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1161

    Keywords:

    career; case law; discretion; executive head; extension of contract; probationary period; purpose; qualifications; separation from service; termination of employment;



  • Judgment 1441


    79th Session, 1995
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 18

    Extract:

    "The complainant held a fixed-term appointment. His proven shortcomings and misconduct were undoubtedly such that the organization might have refused without further ado to extend his appointment. As the Tribunal has always acknowledged, an organisation has discretion in the matter and, as many rulings bear out, it may refuse renewal on grounds of unsatisfactory performance or misconduct: for a recent example see Judgment 1405."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1405

    Keywords:

    case law; contract; discretion; fixed-term; misconduct; non-renewal of contract; unsatisfactory service;



  • Judgment 1438


    79th Session, 1995
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    The complainant was denied a further extension of the period in which he was entitled to claim the refund of removal expenses. The Tribunal considers that "in accordance with its case law, [it] will not substitute its own views for those of the director-general in a matter in which he has discretion."

    Keywords:

    case law; discretion; executive head; judicial review; new time limit; refund; removal expenses; time limit;



  • Judgment 1437


    79th Session, 1995
    World Intellectual Property Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    The complainant was transferred against his wishes to another unit. There was nothing improper in the decision to transfer him. "The transfer was in the organization's interests" and took lawfully into account such facts as the reform of his old unit and the need for more staff in his new one.

    Keywords:

    discretion; executive head; judicial review; organisation's interest; reorganisation; transfer;



  • Judgment 1422


    79th Session, 1995
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    The Tribunal has ruled in Judgment 988 "that Regulation 4.9 allows the Secretary-General to promote someone even against the Appointment and Promotion Board's advice and is intended as a safeguard to ensure compliance with the rules on appointment and promotion. The intent is not to enable the Secretary-General to prefer a weaker candidate on compassionate or indeed any other grounds."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ITU STAFF REGULATION 4.9
    ILOAT Judgment(s): 988

    Keywords:

    advisory body; advisory opinion; appointment; case law; discretion; due process; enforcement; executive head; interpretation; promotion; promotion board; safeguard; selection board; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1419


    78th Session, 1995
    European Southern Observatory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 23

    Extract:

    "Where the Tribunal sets a decision aside the defendant organisation is bound to take any action required to give full effect to the wording and reasoning of the judgment. When the dispute is about financial liability the Tribunal may in the full exercise of its competence either state the amount of which the defendant is liable, if a sufficiently exact figure can be put on it, or else, where execution calls for further calculation or the play of discretion, send the case back to the organisation so that it may act on the rulings in the judgment."

    Keywords:

    compensation; consequence; discretion; effect; execution of judgment; judgment of the tribunal; organisation's duties; res judicata;



  • Judgment 1418


    78th Session, 1995
    Universal Postal Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "The purpose of probation is to ensure that new staff members are the best qualified. So an organisation must be allowed the widest measure of discretion in the matter and its decision will stand unless the defect is especially serious or glaring. Moreover, where the reason for refusal of confirmation is unsatisfactory performance the Tribunal will not replace the organisation's assessment with its own."

    Keywords:

    discretion; judicial review; limits; probationary period; purpose; termination of employment; unsatisfactory service;

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "According to the case law a decision not to renew a staff member's appointment is discretionary and will be set aside only if taken without authority or in breach of a rule of form or of procedure, or if based on a mistake of fact or of law, or if some essential fact was overlooked, or if clearly mistaken conclusions were drawn from the facts, or if there was abuse of authority. Those criteria hold good for any discretionary decision, but in reviewing a decision not to confirm the appointment of a probationer the Tribunal will be particularly cautious; otherwise probation would fail to serve as a period of trial."

    Keywords:

    case law; contract; discretion; judicial review; limits; non-renewal of contract; probationary period; purpose;



  • Judgment 1415


    78th Session, 1995
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    "As stated in Judgment 1354 and others delivered this day on similar cases, the tribunal has limited power of review over the Director-General's appraisal of performance for the purpose of choosing career paths."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1354, 1412, 1413, 1414, 1416

    Keywords:

    case law; discretion; executive head; grade; judicial review; qualifications;



  • Judgment 1405


    78th Session, 1995
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "Disciplinary proceedings, and the safeguards they afford, are relevant in the event of misconduct warranting disciplinary action while an official is under contract, and one possible sanction is termination of the appointment, whatever its duration may be. Disciplinary proceedings do not apply in the event of due expiry of a fixed-term appointment, when the issue is whether in the light ofpast performance the contract should be renewed. An organisation must be allowed full freedom to decide the issue without having to go through the disciplinary procedure."

    Keywords:

    consequence; contract; disciplinary measure; disciplinary procedure; discretion; fixed-term; misconduct; non-renewal of contract; organisation's interest; safeguard;

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    "Precedent acknowledges an organisation's wide discretion in renewing a fixed-term appointment and its right to refuse renewal for reasons that include misconduct and unsatisfactory performance".

    Keywords:

    case law; contract; discretion; fixed-term; misconduct; non-renewal of contract; unsatisfactory service;



  • Judgment 1398


    78th Session, 1995
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "All organisations need computer technology and there is nothing wrong with making staff who draft and write search reports and the like work with software and submit their output in a readily usable format. [...] EPO officers have wide discretion over matters of organisation and the EPO is not to be held liable for bringing conditions of work up to date. It thereby infringed none of the safeguards the staff enjoy; nor may it be deemed to have altered the job description of search examiners, which, [...] is cast in very general terms."

    Keywords:

    discretion; executive head; organisation's interest; post description; reorganisation; safeguard;

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "The President has wide discretion over the organisation of work and he is not bound to consult the advisory bodies set up under the Service Regulations before introducing new means of improving staff efficiency. In any event the impugned decision made no change in the rules on work arrangements that required such consultation under Article 38."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 38 EPO SERVICE REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    advisory body; advisory opinion; discretion; executive head; organisation's interest; reorganisation; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1392


    78th Session, 1995
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 36

    Extract:

    The complainant objects to the actuarial method which the organisation used in a study of the pension fund's foreseeable costs. "Like any public authority, the EPO enjoys a presumption in its favour - especially when it is taking technical measures and it has done thorough preparatory work - that its choice of actuarial method is the most suitable and the fairest. [...] It is of course open to a staff member under a system of administrative law to challenge the organisation's choice, but he must be able to adduce evidence to show why the chosen method, when compared with others, may suffer from technical flaws that should have disqualified it."

    Keywords:

    actuarial valuation; burden of proof; contributions; discretion; evidence; increase; judicial review; mistake of fact; organisation; pension; reckoning; right of appeal;



  • Judgment 1390


    78th Session, 1995
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 24

    Extract:

    "To what extent must an administration substantiate its decisions? The answer is that it depends on the sort of decision that is to be substantiated. In the present case a distinction must be drawn between the rejection of an external application, particularly where a competition has attracted many candidates, and the rejection of an application by a serving official. In the latter case the organisation has a duty to maintain the relations of trust it has with the staff member, and although it must remain free to choose how it will notify the reasons to him it must be wary of damaging his career prospects."

    Keywords:

    appointment; candidate; competition; competition cancelled; discretion; duty to substantiate decision; internal candidate; organisation's duties; purport; refusal; staff member's interest;

    Consideration 27

    Extract:

    Article 15 of Annex 1 to the Eurocontrol Convention says that "the Agency shall be empowered to recruit personnel directly only if the contracting parties are unable to make qualified personnel available to it". The Tribunal holds that the provision "limits the organisation's freedom to recruit by giving priority to candidates prescribed by the contracting parties over 'outside' candidates, but it puts no restrictions on the organisation's freedom to assess the suitability of applicants, wherever they may come from, nor its right to give serving staff a reasonable opportunity of advancement provided that they are as well qualified as other candidates."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 15 OF ANNEX 1 TO THE EUROCONTROL CONVENTION

    Keywords:

    appointment; candidate; career; competition; competition cancelled; discretion; equal treatment; internal candidate; international instrument; interpretation; legitimate expectation; member state; official; priority; promotion; qualifications;

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Last updated: 14.10.2021 ^ top