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Liability (48,-666)

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Keywords: Liability
Total judgments found: 50

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  • Judgment 2316


    96th Session, 2004
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 19-20

    Extract:

    The complainant wants to be granted her salary increment to step X retroactively. "The particular circumstances upon which the ITU relies to argue that the complainant should not be granted her step X increment are that the unsatisfactory nature of her services had already been documented prior to the report signed on 3 May 2002 and that she did not cooperate with the establishment of her periodic appraisals. It may at once be noted that the appraisal for the relevant period was not made in May 2002, but in November of that year. Further, and given the complainant's absence on sick leave at various times during the relevant appraisal periods, it is difficult to infer lack of cooperation on her part. However, and more to the point, the matters upon which the Union relies fall far short of establishing that it made a genuine effort to comply with its own procedures, and do not show that the complainant frustrated or sabotaged any such effort. That being so [...], those considerations cannot defeat the complainant's entitlement to her step X increment retroactively. The treatment of the complainant by the ITU is [...] unacceptable."

    Keywords:

    claim; complainant; date; evidence; increment; liability; organisation; organisation's duties; patere legem; performance report; period; procedure before the tribunal; request by a party; right; sick leave; unsatisfactory service; work appraisal;



  • Judgment 2304


    96th Session, 2004
    International Criminal Police Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    In its Judgment 2246, the Tribunal ordered the Organization to provide the complainant within 30 days of notification of the judgment with part of the documents supplied to the Tribunal pursuant to Judgment 2192. The complainant points out that the Organization failed to do so within the time limit. "The Tribunal finds that the delay in supplying the documents cannot be attributed solely to the Organization. Prior to the expiry of the prescribed time limit, the latter [...] had written to the complainant asking him to undertake not to divulge the requested documents to third parties. Rather than reply to that letter, the complainant filed an application for execution with the Tribunal, whereas he ought to have shown good faith by replying to the defendant's request."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2192, 2246

    Keywords:

    application for execution; communication to third party; confidential evidence; date of notification; delay; direct appeal to tribunal; execution of judgment; good faith; iloat; judgment of the tribunal; liability; organisation; request by a party; staff member's duties; time limit;



  • Judgment 2228


    95th Session, 2003
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The Staff Committee, which is a statutory body of the organisation, made the facilities derived from its access to the organisation's internal electronic mail system available to the Staff Union. Its access to the system was withdrawn. "The organisation [submits that] the facilities offered to the Staff Committee cannot be made available to the Staff Union without creating confusion with regard to the attribution of roles and responsibilities, even if those in charge of one of these bodies are also, or may be, in charge of the other. This does not mean to say that the unions should not be provided with certain facilities by the organisations. On the contrary, their freedom of expression should not be hampered, as indicated by the Tribunal in Judgment 1547, [...] and unions must clearly be provided with sufficient facilities, within the framework of negotiated agreements or, if need be, administrative regulations, to enable them to carry on their activities. It is legitimate, however, for the organisation to ensure that the facilities made available to a body officially representing the staff as a whole are not misused for the benefit of a union, or any other body having its own assets and representing only part of the staff."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1547

    Keywords:

    administrative instruction; case law; collective bargaining; facilities; freedom of speech; grounds; liability; limits; organisation's duties; purpose; refusal; staff representative; staff union; staff union activity; staff union agreement; written rule;

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The Staff Committee's access to the organisation's internal electronic mail system was withdrawn after the organisation made an objection on technical grounds following the mass distribution of documents. "The Staff Committee is responsible for [...] maintaining "suitable contacts between the competent administrative authorities and the staff", which necessarily implies the availability of adequate means of communication within the organisation... Nevertheless, the incident mentioned by the [organisation] involving the mass distribution of a union report [...] shows that some degree of control is necessary, without jeopardising the Staff Committee's freedom of expression and speech."

    Keywords:

    acceptance; consequence; facilities; freedom of speech; liability; official; organisation; publication; purpose; rebuttal; refusal; report; staff union;



  • Judgment 2183


    94th Session, 2003
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 15

    Extract:

    "International organisations must take responsibility for decisions of their employees, even if they subsequently condemn those decisions."

    Keywords:

    decision; liability; official; organisation's duties;



  • Judgment 1889


    87th Session, 1999
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 6-7

    Extract:

    The complainant was assigned to Chad in 1991 and contracted Hepatitis B in 1993. "The Appeals Committee considers that the medical service did not completely fulfil its role and did not offer the staff member concerned the advice that it could have supplied. The Appeals Committee even refers to responsibility being equally shared'. In practice, there could be no grave fault of the medical service incurring the responsibility of the organization unless the protective measures recommended by a competent authority had been disregarded. In the material case, the organization demonstrates that in 1991 [...] the World Health Organization's guidelines did not specifically recommend vaccination against Hepatitis B for persons posted to African countries affected by an endemic illness of this type."

    Keywords:

    breach; illness; liability; medical consultant; negligence; no provision; organisation; organisation's duties; rule of another organisation; service-incurred;



  • Judgment 1878


    87th Session, 1999
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 31

    Extract:

    "It is not acceptable that the organization, in defending this complaint, disclaims all responsibility for any alleged shortcomings of the Appeals Board."

    Keywords:

    flaw; internal appeal; internal appeals body; liability; organisation's duties; procedural flaw; procedure before the tribunal; reply;



  • Judgment 1875


    87th Session, 1999
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 32

    Extract:

    "An international organisation is liable for the material and moral damages resulting from the injury caused to a staff member by his superior (acting in the course of his duties and not in a private capacity) by treatment that is an affront to the staff member's personal and professional dignity (Judgment 1609 [...]); and for victimisation consequent upon improper treatment (Judgment 1376 [...]). A staff member is entitled to have his good name vindicated by the organisation when a superior makes false allegations against him and to redress for the harm caused ([see] Judgment[s] 1340 [and] 1344 [...]). When a third party makes false allegations against a staff member, the organisation should communicate its view that the allegations are without foundation (Judgment 1376 [...])."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1340, 1344, 1376, 1609

    Keywords:

    burden of proof; compensation; injury; liability; material damages; material injury; misuse of authority; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; supervisor;



  • Judgment 1780


    85th Session, 1998
    European Southern Observatory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6(a)

    Extract:

    "According to consistent precedent both employer and employee must show good faith. For the Organisation, that means giving its staff notice of any facts or rules that may influence their dealings with it [...]. But [...] the Organisation will not be financially liable unless the staff member has suffered financial injury."

    Keywords:

    case law; duty to inform; good faith; injury; liability; material injury; organisation; organisation's duties; staff member's interest;



  • Judgment 1765


    85th Session, 1998
    World Intellectual Property Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    The International Civil Service Commission made a mistake in reckoning the multiplier used to work out the post adjustment for Geneva from July 1994. "There is no merit to the Commission's plea that, not having got word of the mistake until August 1995, it need not apply the proper multiplier until four months later. For one thing [...] the data needed to put it right had been readily at hand for well over a year. It was for want, not of information, but of care on the part of the Commission or its secretariat that the mistake came about. For another thing, the plea betrays an utter failure to grasp what the four-month rule means. [...] It has no bearing whatever on the Commission's correction of any mistake of its own making."

    Keywords:

    adjustment; cost-of-living increase; icsc decision; liability; post adjustment; salary;



  • Judgment 1736


    85th Session, 1998
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "Of course the first report should have been done earlier and the complainant is right enough to cite Rule 540.1. but [...] he was himself largely to blame for the delay, not having filled up the report form until [a given date]. Besides, his second- level supervisor had told him orally, before putting it in the report, that he was not cooperative enough. It is plain on the evidence that he knew full well that his performance had been found wanting; so he may not properly argue that he was told too late to be able to improve."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: STAFF RULE 540.1

    Keywords:

    complainant; date; delay; duty to inform; liability; performance report; period; staff regulations and rules; work appraisal;



  • Judgment 1609


    82nd Session, 1997
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 16

    Extract:

    An international organisation is liable for the injury a staff member may cause in the performance of duty, and that includes injury to other members of staff. [...] An organisation will of course not be liable for private misconduct of an employee that has no link with the performance of duty. But misconduct in the context of employment is another matter. When someone whom the organisation has appointed to act as supervisor or director commits an abuse of authority, the subordinate who suffers injury thereby is entitled to damages.

    Keywords:

    compensation; complainant; condition; conduct; injury; liability; misconduct; misuse of authority; moral injury; organisation; supervisor;

    Consideration 16

    Extract:

    An organisation will of course not be liable for private misconduct of an employee that has no link with the
    performance of duty. But misconduct in the context of employment is another matter. When someone whom the
    organisation has appointed to act as supervisor or director commits an abuse of authority, the subordinate who
    suffers injury thereby is entitled to damages. Such is the complainants' case. Without having to go through all the
    evidence before it [...] the Tribunal holds that each of the complainants suffered treatment that was an affront to her personal and professional dignity. It was inadmissible for one of its officers, in this case a man, to make a habit of addressing women subordinates in language that was blatantly coarse and lascivious. What is more it offended against [an ILO circular], which seeks to ensure - to use its own words - a safe and healthful working environment free from sexual harassment and intimidation'. The whole drift of the evidence before the tribunal is that someone on whom the ILO had conferred much authority saw rough language and rough behaviour as not incompatible with his exercise of it. They were therefore part and parcel of the performance of his duties, and on that account the Organization is liable.

    Keywords:

    condition; conduct; injury; liability; misconduct; moral injury; organisation; respect for dignity; sexual harassment; supervisor;

    Judgment keywords

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; liability; sexual harassment;



  • Judgment 1432


    79th Session, 1995
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    "It is immaterial to the fact of recruitment that the decision to recruit her may have been taken ultra vires. [...] The organization must bear the consequences of any decision taken by someone it has itself appointed for the purpose".

    Keywords:

    appointment; contract; decision; decision-maker; lack of consent; liability; organisation; organisation's duties;



  • Judgment 1406


    78th Session, 1995
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal is quite satisfied on the evidence that the complainant was not treated as she ought to have been. It is true that the French government was to blame for the shilly-shallying and shifts of attitude she had to put up with [...] but the organization's fault, though limited, is beyond dispute."

    Keywords:

    injury; liability; member state; organisation's duties; staff member's interest;



  • Judgment 1398


    78th Session, 1995
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    If the complainant succeeded in proving flaws in the procedure adopted by the Appeals Committee "they would indeed have been fatal and the EPO would, contrary to what it says, be liable."

    Keywords:

    effect; flaw; internal appeals body; liability; organisation; organisation's duties; procedural flaw;



  • Judgment 1070


    70th Session, 1991
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7, Summary

    Extract:

    Under Article 2.7(1) of the ILO/ITU Staff Health Insurance Fund Regulations claimants must supply a statement, together with supporting documents, listing any benefits received or to be received from another health scheme in respect of each claim made. The complainant submitted a claim for his ex-wife's medical bills, which had already been reimbursed by another health scheme. "In filing such a statement the complainant had a duty to make sure that the 'supporting documents' were genuine and he could not shirk it by shifting responsibility to his former wife and professing his own ignorance and good faith."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 2.7(1) OF THE ILO/ITU STAFF HEALTH INSURANCE FUND REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    accumulation; dependant; good faith; health insurance; insurance; liability; medical expenses; misrepresentation; request by a party;



  • Judgment 990


    68th Session, 1990
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    The General Assembly of the United Nations brought in a new scale of pensionable remuneration as from 1 January 1985. The scale, provided for in Article 3.1.1 of the Staff Regulations, did not come into force until 1 April 1985. The complainant's pension, however, was reckoned according to the new scale between 1 January and 31 March 1985. The Tribunal holds that "the ILO is undoubtedly bound [...] by the provisions of the Staff Regulations so long as they remain in force and is therefore liable towards the complainant for the breach of them. That its difficulty is due to the stand taken by the fund cannot alter its liability as employer towards its staff."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 3.1.1 OF THE ILO STAFF REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    amendment to the rules; difference; effective date; fund regulations; liability; organisation; payment; pension; pensionable remuneration; provision; reduction of salary; scale; staff regulations and rules; unjspf;



  • Judgment 971


    66th Session, 1989
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The Organization is liable only in respect of 50 per cent of the total incapacity. Accordingly, the Tribunal awards the complainant compensation under this head in the form of an annual invalidity pension equal to one-third of the yearly figure of his pensionable remuneration, i.e. half the full pension."

    Keywords:

    disability benefit; incapacity; invalidity; liability; organisation; rate;



  • Judgment 664


    56th Session, 1985
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    "The plea will not succeed if he who alleges force majeure was himself responsible for the occurrence. thus it must fail where he was himself negligent or, though not negligent, put himself in such a position as to incur risk of the occurrence. Moreover, the plea will fail even if there is no direct and necessary link between the victim's behaviour and the occurrence." Thus, while indulging in a sport like skiing does not constitute negligence, there is no force majeure in the event of an accident during the practice of such a sport.

    Keywords:

    cause; complainant; force majeure; liability; professional accident;



  • Judgment 642


    54th Session, 1984
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    "Fault may engage liability, but need not do so: it must also be the direct cause of injury."

    Keywords:

    cause; condition; injury; liability; misconduct;



  • Judgment 641


    54th Session, 1984
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "The complainant's case is that the [organization] was to blame for her husband's death. The plea will succeed only if the Tribunal finds a causal link in the legal sense, that is to say, some fairly definite connection between the cause and the effect. The Medical Board's findings provide the evidence on which the Tribunal may found its decision in this case."

    Keywords:

    cause; death; liability; medical board; organisation; report;

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    For health reasons the official's workload was supposed to be reduced. In reality, he made up for sick leave of two afternoons a week by working two mornings a week overtime. "Such an arrangement was obviously improper. [...] It is quite wrong for an employer [...] to allow such arrangements with a staff member whom it recognises as being on sick leave yet who, from a sense of professional responsibility or for some other reason, volunteers to do more work than he is authorised to do. The [organization] was therefore at fault and the question of its liability does arise."

    Keywords:

    compensatory measure; flaw; health reasons; liability; organisation; overtime; part-time employment; sick leave;

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Last updated: 23.11.2020 ^ top