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Dependant (335,-666)

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Keywords: Dependant
Total judgments found: 31

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  • Judgment 3793


    123rd Session, 2017
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the decision not to grant him a dependants’ allowance for his mother.

    Judgment keywords

    Keywords:

    allowance; complaint dismissed; dependant;



  • Judgment 3203


    115th Session, 2013
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complaint is directed at the Secretary-General’s decision to refuse to recognise same-sex marriages.

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "It is true that the case law of the Tribunal on the question of benefits for same-sex partners has developed in the last decade. This is illustrated by Judgment 2860. Indeed, there are opinions of individual judges concluding that staff rules denying access to dependency benefits to same-sex partners are unenforceable because they violate fundamental principles of law (see, for example, the dissenting opinion of Justice Hugessen in Judgment 2193)."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2193, 2860

    Keywords:

    case law; definition; dependant; difference; enforcement; family allowance; interpretation; marital status; provision; same-sex marriage; social benefits; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 3080


    112th Session, 2012
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 14

    Extract:

    "[A] passing reference to "husband" or "wife" in the Staff Rules is not sufficient to warrant interpreting all the relevant provisions thereof as denying same-sex spouses the entitlements concerned (see Judgment 2590 [...], under 6)."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2590

    Keywords:

    dependant; interpretation; marital status; medical expenses; provision; same-sex marriage; social benefits; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 3019


    111th Session, 2011
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    Automatic coverage of spouses under the Organisation's long-term health insurance / Obligation to file a waiver declaration.
    "The automatic coverage applied by the Implementing Rules cannot be deemed unreasonable. It is clear that under the system chosen by the Organisation some staff members may be slightly financially penalised if they fail to opt out of the scheme, as their automatic coverage will entail consequent deductions from their salaries. However, in evaluating the possible outcome resulting from automatic coverage and that resulting from a lack of coverage, the Organisation evidently considered that the outcome could be worse in the latter situation as staff members who neglected to enrol their spouses in the long-term care insurance scheme could suffer the severe financial consequences of not being insured when the need arose, and the Tribunal cannot regard the Organisation's choice as unreasonable."

    Keywords:

    deduction; dependant; health insurance; insurance; medical expenses; organisation; practice; salary; social benefits;



  • Judgment 2860


    107th Session, 2009
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 9, 13, 17, 19 and 21

    Extract:

    The complainant, a French national, entered into a "Civil Solidarity Contract" (PACS) under French law with his same-sex partner. The FAO refused to recognise his partner as his dependent spouse for the purpose of dependency benefits.
    "The Tribunal rejects the FAO's assertion that under the Staff Regulations and Rules, the status of 'spouse' can only arise in the context of a marriage. It is now well established in the case law that, unless the term 'spouse' is otherwise defined in the staff regulations, it is not limited to individuals within a marriage. It may also arise from other types of unions. As the Tribunal observed in Judgment 2760, under 4, in the absence of a definition of 'spouse' in the relevant regulatory provisions, 'same-sex marriages' [...] or unions in the form of 'registered partnerships' [have] to be recognised by these organisations where the applicable national legislation enable[s] persons who ha[ve] contracted such unions to be regarded as 'spouses' (see Judgments 2549 and 2550)'. (See also Judgment 2643, under 6.)"
    "Accordingly, as the Tribunal also observed in Judgment 2549, under 11, it is necessary to determine whether in the light of the provisions of French law, the complainant and his partner should be considered as 'spouses' within the meaning of the FAO Staff Regulations and Rules."
    "[The materials of the file] demonstrate that just as in a marriage relationship, PACS partners are required to provide each other with financial support and are jointly liable for debts incurred for daily living. In matters such as immigration, social security, health insurance, home leave and relocation of civil servants, special leave for persons bound by a PACS, inheritance fees and income taxes, PACS partners are treated the same as spouses in a marriage. In a significant recent development, reference is made to the existence of the PACS and the name of the partners in the official register of personal status of individuals who have entered into a PACS, just as marital status is recorded for married persons."
    "Not only does a PACS change the legal status of the partners in relation to each other, but it also changes the legal status of the partners in relation to the State in a variety of ways enumerated earlier and in ways that mirror the status of married couples in relation to the State. Just as in a marriage, a PACS establishes a legal relationship of mutual dependence. Further, and at the very least, in the absence of a contrary provision in the Staff Regulations and Rules, the principle of non-discrimination requires that for the purposes of dependency benefits the term 'spouse' be interpretated as applicable to a relationship of mutual dependence under the relevant national law."
    "In conclusion, having regard to the materials filed in this proceeding, the Tribunal is satisfied that the provisions of French law give rise to a relationship of mutual dependence, and accordingly, the complainant and his partner must be regarded as 'spouses' under the Staff Regulations and Rules. In these circumstances, the Director-General erred in refusing to recognise the status of the complainant and his partner for the purpose of dependency benefits and, therefore, his decision will be set aside."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2549, 2550, 2643, 2760

    Keywords:

    applicable law; case law; dependant; domestic law; family allowance; marital status; same-sex marriage; staff regulations and rules;

    Judgment keywords

    Keywords:

    case sent back to organisation; complaint allowed; decision quashed; dependant; plenary judgment; same-sex partnership;



  • Judgment 2826


    107th Session, 2009
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "There was nothing to preclude the complainant from raising the argument based on the French text of the Staff Regulations in his first complaint. He was then armed with the recommendation and reasons of the Appeal Board, both of which were based on the English text of the relevant Staff Regulations and Staff Rules. Further, as he was then seeking recognition of his same-sex partner as a dependent spouse, it was for him to advance argument as to why that course should be taken rather than the more limited course recommended by the Appeal Board. Moreover, the grounds on which the Tribunal may review its judgments are limited to «failure to take account of some essential fact, a material error involving no value judgment, failure to rule on a claim, or the later discovery of some essential fact that the parties were unable to rely on in the original proceedings» (see Judgment 1252 and also Judgments 442, 555 and 649). The argument based on the French text is, in essence, an argument that the Tribunal erred in law in interpreting the ITU Staff Regulations and Staff Rules as barring recognition of the complainant's partner as his dependent spouse. That is not an admissible ground for the review of a judgment (see Judgment 2029). Nor is it a ground for review that, on 3 September 2007 and after Judgment 2643 was delivered, the complainant married his partner in British Columbia in accordance with the law of Canada. It would entirely defeat the principles of finality and res judicata if subsequent facts could be taken into account on an application for review of a judgment."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 442, 555, 649, 1252, 2029, 2643

    Keywords:

    application for review; dependant; finality of judgment; inadmissible grounds for review; language of rule; marital status; new fact on which the party was unable to rely in the original proceedings; res judicata; same-sex marriage;



  • Judgment 2760


    105th Session, 2008
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    The complainant, a Canadian national, married a person of the same sex, as she is permitted to do under the law in force in Canada. She immediately informed the Agency of her new marital status and applied for the dependency benefits to which staff members with a spouse are eligible, but her application was rejected. The defendant points out that, for the purpose of applying its Staff Regulations and Staff Rules, it has a definition of the term "spouse" which refers only to the partners of a union between persons of opposite sex, since the Guide to Dependency Benefits, which was drawn up for the staff, indicates that the term "'[s]pouse' for all purposes of the Staff Regulations and Staff Rules is defined to mean the husband or wife". "But this mere information document, which was prepared by the Administration and has no normative value, clearly cannot prescribe the adoption of a restrictive definition which does not appear in the applicable texts themselves.
    Furthermore, while the Tribunal notes that the same definition was also given in a Notice to the Staff of 11 July 2005, that document likewise could not narrow the scope of the concept of 'spouse' to which the Staff Regulations and Staff Rules refer. Although the secretariat of an organisation may always circulate a Notice to the Staff to clarify certain provisions of its staff regulations and rules, such a notice cannot impose on staff any restrictive conditions other than those stipulated in the provisions themselves."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: Guide to Dependency Benefits

    Keywords:

    administrative instruction; applicable law; binding character; condition; definition; dependant; domestic law; enforcement; family allowance; information note; limits; marital status; organisation; precedence of rules; provision; publication; purpose; refusal; request by a party; same-sex marriage; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 2643


    103rd Session, 2007
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    The complainant, a British national, entered into a "Civil Solidarity Contract" (PACS) under French law with his same-sex partner and had his partnership registered under the Civil Partnership Act applicable to British citizens. The ITU refused to recognise his partner as his dependent spouse for determination of the benefits pertaining to that status. "The Tribunal has accepted in several recent judgments that same-sex marriages (see Judgment 2590) and unions taking the form of 'registered partnerships' must be recognised where the national legislation applicable to the staff member concerned allows persons who have contracted such unions to be treated as 'spouses' (see Judgments 2549 and 2550). The important difference between the present case and those previously decided lies in the fact that the ITU Staff Regulations and Staff Rules explicitly define the concept of spouses as denoting husband and wife in a large number of provisions, and that, contrary to the situations examined in Judgments 2549 and 2550, the ITU refuses to accept that same-sex unions lawfully contracted under the national legislation of the official concerned may be taken into consideration for the purpose of applying the Staff Regulations and Staff Rules. It follows that the defendant was not wrong in asserting that, in the light of the case law and the applicable Regulations and Rules as they currently stand, the Secretary-General was barred from giving the term 'spouse' the broad interpretation requested."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2549, 2550, 2590

    Keywords:

    applicable law; case law; definition; dependant; difference; domestic law; enforcement; family allowance; interpretation; judgment of the tribunal; marital status; provision; purpose; refusal; same-sex marriage; social benefits; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 2549


    101st Session, 2006
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 10, 11 and 13

    Extract:

    The complainant, a Danish national, was employed by the ILO from 3 January 2002 to 2 January 2005. She had entered into a registered partnership with her same-sex partner. On taking up her functions, she submitted a Certificate of Registered Partnership drawn up in accordance with the Danish Act on registered partnership and asked to be granted dependency benefits, designating her partner as her spouse. Her request was rejected. The Office stated that it was "in a position to recognise same-sex marriages immediately where the legislation of the country of the staff member's nationality recognises such marriages." It has in fact recently recognised such same-sex marriages where the national legislation defines same-sex marriages as spousal relationships.
    "The question is whether the broad interpretation of the term 'spouse' already given by the Office in the case of a marriage recognised by the legislation of the country of the staff member's nationality should have been extended to unions between same-sex partners which are not expressly designated as marriages under the national law of the staff member concerned. The Tribunal feels that a purely nominalistic approach to this issue would be excessively formalistic and is inappropriate in view of the fact that the situation varies from one country to another and that great care must be taken not to treat officials placed in comparable situations unequally: it is not because a country has opted for legislation that admits same-sex unions while refusing to describe them as marriages that officials who are nationals of that State should necessarily be denied certain rights. As pointed out in Judgment 1715 [...], there may be situations in which the status of spouse can be recognised in the absence of a marriage, provided that the staff member concerned can show the precise provisions of local law on which he or she relies. It is therefore necessary to determine whether in the present case the provisions of Danish law enable the complainant and her partner to be considered as 'spouses' in the meaning of the applicable regulations."
    After having examined the provisions of the Danish Act on registered partnership, the Tribunal finds that "the Director-General was wrong [...] to refuse to recognise the status of spouse for the complainant's partner [and orders] the ILO [to] give full effect to this ruling by granting the complainant the benefits denied to her during the time of her employment".

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1715

    Keywords:

    analogy; applicable law; burden of proof; condition; consequence; contract; declaration of recognition; definition; dependant; difference; domestic law; equal treatment; exception; executive head; family allowance; interpretation; judicial review; marital status; member state; nationality; official; provision; refusal; request by a party; right; same-sex marriage; social benefits; status of complainant;



  • Judgment 2193


    94th Session, 2003
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    The complainant, who had entered into a civil solidarity contract (pacte civil de solidarité, hereinafter 'pacs') with his male partner, informed the administration that his partner was entirely dependent on him. The organisation replied that, under the rules currently applicable within the United Nations system, the pacs was not recognised as a formal marriage that could create an entitlement to any benefits or allowances for a dependent spouse. "The complainant submits that, since the Director-General is entitled to modify or create exceptions to the application of the Staff Rules, he could and ought to have made an exception in the present case or amended the disputed text in order to protect the rights of homosexuals. [...] However, irrespective of the validity of the arguments put forward in urging the Director-General to take individual choices into account in the context of a culture of tolerance compatible with changing moral beliefs, the Director-General cannot be compelled to resort to what is merely an option open to him under certain clearly defined circumstances, since exercising that option is entirely a matter of discretion."

    Keywords:

    amendment to the rules; contract; dependant; discretion; domestic law; equal treatment; exception; executive head; family allowance; marital status; same-sex marriage; sex discrimination; staff regulations and rules;

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    The complainant, who had entered into a civil solidarity contract (pacte civil de solidarité, hereinafter 'pacs') with his male partner, informed the administration that his partner was entirely dependant on him. The organisation replied that, under the rules currently applicable within the United Nations system, the pacs was not recognised as a formal marriage that could create an entitlement to any benefits or allowances for a dependent spouse. The Tribunal shares the view that the organization "is not bound by contracts entered into under national laws".

    Keywords:

    contract; dependant; domestic law; family allowance; marital status; organisation's duties; same-sex marriage; sex discrimination;

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The complainant, who had entered into a civil solidarity contract (pacte civil de solidarité, hereinafter 'pacs') with his male partner, informed the administration that his partner was entirely dependant on him. The organisation replied that, under the rules currently applicable within the United Nations system, the pacs was not recognised as a formal marriage that could create an entitlement to any benefits or allowances for a dependent spouse. The Tribunal states that "neither the letter nor the spirit of the relevant texts cited by the parties, nor indeed the case law, enable partners bound by a pacs to be considered as having the status of spouses within the meaning of Staff Rule 103.9."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: UNESCO STAFF RULE 103.9

    Keywords:

    applicable law; case law; contract; dependant; domestic law; family allowance; interpretation; marital status; organisation's duties; same-sex marriage;



  • Judgment 1814


    86th Session, 1999
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 9

    Extract:

    "Though the Director General does have discretion [as to who may be considered as a dependent child], the staff member must be made aware of any criteria he is applying." (See Judgment 1204.)

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1204

    Keywords:

    criteria; dependant; dependent child; discretion; duty to inform; executive head; family allowance; limits; organisation's duties; parent;



  • Judgment 1715


    84th Session, 1998
    United Nations Industrial Development Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    "In order to be a 'dependent spouse' someone must be not only the dependant but also the 'spouse' of the staff member. As a general rule, and in the absence of a definition of the term, the status of spouse will flow from a marriage publicly performed and certified by an official of the State where the ceremony has taken place, such marriage being then proved by the production of an official certificate. The Tribunal accepts, however, that there may be de facto situations, of which 'traditional' marriages are examples, and which some States recognise as creating the status of 'spouse'. In each such case where there is no definition of 'spouse' it will be up to the staff member to prove not only the existence of the relevant fact but also the precise provisions of local law which give it consequences and the exact nature of those consequences, and he must show that such law is applicable in the context of the Organisation's Staff Regulations and Rules."

    Keywords:

    burden of proof; definition; dependant; domestic law; evidence; insurance benefits; marital status; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1397


    78th Session, 1995
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    "The purpose of the dependant's allowance is to make sure that the dependant has sufficient resources to meet basic needs for such things as food, clothing and shelter. Accordingly, in determining whether the dependant's 'income' is not above a certain figure, account must be taken not only of receipts in cash but also of the value of benefits in kind whose effect is to reduce expenses."

    Keywords:

    condition; dependant; family allowance; purpose; reckoning;



  • Judgment 1275


    75th Session, 1993
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    It is "the complainant who is under the duty to meet the conditions for the grant of family allowances."

    Keywords:

    burden of proof; dependant; social benefits; staff member's duties;



  • Judgment 1176


    73rd Session, 1992
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    "Treating a person as a dependent child of the staff member in accordance with [the material provisions] confers health insurance coverage ipso facto on that person. [...] Eurocontrol must consider the consequences its decision [to treat someone as a dependent child] will have for insurance coverage."

    Keywords:

    dependant; dependent child; health insurance; illness; insurance; medical expenses; organisation's duties;

    Considerations 11 and 13

    Extract:

    Eurocontrol asked the complainant to supply proof that the dependant for whom he was seeking health insurance had no means of gaining cover for sickness under another public health scheme in keeping with Article 2(2) of Rule No. 10 of the Staff Regulations. "But since what is required is disproof - viz. proof that there is no coverage under this or that scheme - Eurocontrol may not consistently lay the burden on the insured member. If it did so, there would be a danger of making the rule unworkable. A fortiori it may not, after duly determining on all the material evidence at its disposal that someone may be treated as a dependent child, raise the question of possible coverage by another public scheme whenever the insured member happens to claim refund or to seek prior authorisation of expenditure."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: Article 2(2) of Rule no. 10 of the Staff Regulations

    Keywords:

    burden of proof; dependant; dependent child; evidence; health insurance; illness; insurance; medical expenses; organisation's duties;



  • Judgment 1142


    72nd Session, 1992
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    One of the organisation's reasons for refusing the complainant's claim to dependants' allowance for his parents was that they resided in the Netherlands - his duty station - and lived in a flat that belonged to him. Since his mother owned a flat in Rome, the income she could have had from letting that flat had to be taken into account. The Tribunal holds that his "parents are resident, not in the Netherlands, but in Rome. The fact that when visiting the Netherlands, and for whatever length of time, they live in the flat belonging to him is immaterial and affords no grounds for letting his mother's flat in Rome. [...] The organisation's mistake on that score appears to have been a main factor in the President's decision".

    Keywords:

    allowance; condition; dependant; family allowance; mistake of fact; parent;



  • Judgment 1073


    70th Session, 1991
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Summary

    Extract:

    The complainant was denied a dependency entitlement for 1989 because his wife's income did not meet the conditions laid down in Provisional Staff Rule 5.03.2(d) as it read at the material time. Loss of the entitlement brought the complainant's combined family income below the maximum limit. As from 1 January 1990 the Agency's practice was amended so as to limit the loss of such entitlement to the same amount by which the spouse's income runs over the income limit. Inasmuch as the new rule does not prescribe retroactive change, the complainant has no grounds on which to claim it.

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: IAEA PROVISIONAL STAFF RULE 5.03.2(D)

    Keywords:

    allowance; amendment to the rules; condition; dependant; non-retroactivity; practice; salary; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1072


    70th Session, 1991
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Summary

    Extract:

    For an IAEA staff member's spouse to qualify as a dependant, his or her gross salary must not exceed that of the lowest step in the general service grade applicable in the spouse's country of employment. That amount is converted into Austrian schillings at the rate applicable in January of the year in question. Under the prescribed method the complainant's wife failed to qualify as a dependant and the Director refused to treat her as one. The Director's decision was a discretionary one and the Tribunal sees no grounds for setting it aside.

    Keywords:

    amount; condition; definition; dependant; discretion; judicial review; salary;



  • Judgment 1070


    70th Session, 1991
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7, Summary

    Extract:

    Under Article 2.7(1) of the ILO/ITU Staff Health Insurance Fund Regulations claimants must supply a statement, together with supporting documents, listing any benefits received or to be received from another health scheme in respect of each claim made. The complainant submitted a claim for his ex-wife's medical bills, which had already been reimbursed by another health scheme. "In filing such a statement the complainant had a duty to make sure that the 'supporting documents' were genuine and he could not shirk it by shifting responsibility to his former wife and professing his own ignorance and good faith."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 2.7(1) OF THE ILO/ITU STAFF HEALTH INSURANCE FUND REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    accumulation; dependant; good faith; health insurance; insurance; liability; medical expenses; misrepresentation; request by a party;

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    The complainant was dismissed for having got the ILO/ITU Health Fund to reimburse medical costs incurred by his former wife when another health scheme had already met them. "It is irrelevant to his plea of good faith that he has instigated criminal proceedings against her in the French courts on the grounds of fraud, though he might cite her conviction, if she were found guilty of the charges, as a new fact warranting review."

    Keywords:

    dependant; evidence; good faith; health insurance; judgment of the tribunal; medical expenses; misconduct; municipal court; request by a party; termination of employment;



  • Judgment 952


    66th Session, 1989
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    WHO Manual provision II.2.430.2 was amended so as to restrict the possibility of having adopted blood relatives treated as dependants. The complainant submits that the amendment infringed an acquired right. The Tribunal held that "the right which the amendment removed cannot be deemed to have constituted any essential part of the complainant's terms of appointment, and the allegation of breach of an acquired right is therefore unsound."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: WHO MANUAL PROVISION II.2.430.2

    Keywords:

    acquired right; adoption; amendment to the rules; dependant; dependent child; family relationship; provision; staff regulations and rules;

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Last updated: 23.09.2021 ^ top