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Interpretation (237,-666)

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Keywords: Interpretation
Total judgments found: 180

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  • Judgment 1297


    75th Session, 1993
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    See Judgment 1296, consideration 7.

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 67(2) OF THE EPO SERVICE REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    case law; ecj; interpretation; law of european communities; purport; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 1296


    75th Session, 1993
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal is not bound by the rulings of the Court of Justice of the European Communities, but inasmuch as Article 67(2) is derived from the article bearing the same number in the Staff Regulations of the Communities, the Court's decisions do carry persuasive authority."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 67(2) OF THE EPO SERVICE REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    case law; ecj; interpretation; law of european communities; purport; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 1276


    75th Session, 1993
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 15

    Extract:

    "It is [...] proper to take consistent EPO practice as a guideline: it would be quite unreasonable to put on a poorly drafted text a construction that disrupted such administrative practice. Everyone concerned has till now seen it as striking a fair balance".

    Keywords:

    interpretation; organisation's interest; practice; staff regulations and rules; tribunal;



  • Judgment 1245


    74th Session, 1993
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 19

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal is not competent to interpret the [United Nations Joint Staff Pension] Fund Regulations. It is for the Fund, and ultimately the United Nations Administrative Tribunal on Appeal, to determine whether the complainant is entitled to participate in the Fund under those regulations and, if so, as from what date."

    Keywords:

    competence of tribunal; complaint allowed; decision quashed; interpretation; unat; unjspf; written rule;



  • Judgment 1235


    74th Session, 1993
    Universal Postal Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The complainant took part in a competition as an internal candidate and his name was first on the short list drawn up by the Appointment and Promotion Committee. He is challenging the Director-General's decision to appoint an external candidate to the post he applied for. The decision rested on considerations of geographical distribution and UPU Staff Regulation 4.1. The Union pleads that when three posts as head of section fall vacant at the same time at least one successful candidate must be an outside one so as not to impede "the recruitment of fresh talent" that Regulation 4.3 requires. "But that is not at all what 4.3 says. equitable geographical distribution is a criterion that plainly is to apply only to recruitment, not to promotion, and there is no requirement in the Staff rRgulations or Rules that the Director-General recruit 'fresh talent' just because three posts as head of section have to be filled at the same time. The Director-General was obviously wrong in putting that construction on the rule."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: UPU STAFF REGULATION 4.3

    Keywords:

    appointment; candidate; competition; complaint allowed; decision quashed; geographical distribution; internal candidate; interpretation; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 1222


    74th Session, 1993
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    "The primary rule of interpretation is that words are to be given their obvious and ordinary meaning".

    Keywords:

    interpretation; written rule;



  • Judgment 1213


    74th Session, 1993
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    The complainant is claiming assignment to a specific post. The meaning of Article VIII of the Tribunal's Statute, "as the case law has construed it, is that the Tribunal may not order an organisation to put a staff member on any particular post. All it may do is set aside an unlawful decision putting someone on a post or refusing to do so or order specific performance where the organisation has failed to discharge an obligation. In this case [...] the complainant's claim [...] fails because it is irreceivable."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT reference: ARTICLE VIII OF THE STATUTE

    Keywords:

    assignment; case law; claim; competence of tribunal; iloat statute; interpretation; organisation's duties; post; receivability of the complaint;



  • Judgment 1163


    72nd Session, 1992
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 7 and 9

    Extract:

    FAO Manual paragraph 308.411 provides for the award of a within-grade salary increment to officials whose service, during a "qualifying period", is satisfactory. The complainant had her annual increment withheld. "Although difficulties were found in the complainant's attitude towards other staff, [her performance reports] do not show such a pattern of conduct as to impair the quality of her work on the assignments she was given. [...] The conclusion is that the conditions in the case law for withholding an increment were not met and that the organization committed a mistake of law in construing and applying 308.411."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: FAO MANUAL PARAGRAPH 308.411
    ILOAT Judgment(s): 247

    Keywords:

    accumulation; case law; complaint allowed; condition; conduct; decision quashed; enforcement; grounds; increment; increment withheld; interpretation; satisfactory service; staff regulations and rules; step; unsatisfactory service; working relations;



  • Judgment 1162


    72nd Session, 1992
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 3 and 4

    Extract:

    The complainant objects to two written warnings she got. The wording of Manual paragraph 314.221 is imprecise about what sort of conduct will warrant a warning: "it speaks of 'failure to perform prescribed duties in a satisfactory manner'. To explain how the paragraph is to be applied in practice, however, the paragraph gives in brackets some illustrations of cases of such failure [...] The draughtsman gives in brackets what are no more than examples intended to help in construing the text: they are not cumulative conditions for applying it."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: FAO MANUAL PARAGRAPH 314.221

    Keywords:

    accumulation; condition; conduct; grounds; interpretation; staff regulations and rules; warning;

    Considerations 3, 4 and 5

    Extract:

    The complainant objects to two written warnings she got. The reason the FAO gives for them was her failure to maintain "harmonious working relationships", which is one of the cases mentioned in Manual paragraph 314.221. "Such a reason affords a sound basis in law for the warnings and is in itself sufficient provided that it rests on true allegations of fact. The complainant is therefore mistaken in her view that there must also have been [others] since the only grounds given for the warnings are factually correct and warrant the impugned decisions, the complainant's objections must fail."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: FAO MANUAL PARAGRAPH 314.221

    Keywords:

    accumulation; condition; conduct; duty to substantiate decision; grounds; interpretation; staff regulations and rules; warning;



  • Judgment 1125


    71st Session, 1991
    Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "A construction which an international organisation wilfully and consistently puts on a rule for years may become a binding element of personnel policy to be applied to everyone who is in the same position in law and in fact. That flows from the general principles that an organisation must show good faith and frame personnel policy in objective terms. Yet it may alter a construction it was not required to follow provided that it does not thereby offend against any of its written rules."

    Keywords:

    amendment to the rules; binding character; general principle; good faith; interpretation; practice; staff regulations and rules;

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    "When [a] text is clear there is no call for any interpretation or, in particular, to take account of the draughtsman's purpose. Only where two provisions of the same text or two parallel texts are at variance will any attempt be made to reconcile them."

    Keywords:

    criteria; interpretation; purpose;



  • Judgment 1110


    71st Session, 1991
    European Southern Observatory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Summary

    Extract:

    In Judgment 996 the Tribunal set aside the decision to dismiss the complainant and ordered his reinstatement "with full arrears of salary and allowances". In execution of that judgment the ESO reinstated him as a member of its health insurance scheme as from the date of dismissal and deducted the corresponding premiums from his pay. The complainant's objections to the deductions are mistaken. The intention of Judgment 996 was, as far as possible, to put the complainant in the same position as if he had not been dismissed. The Tribunal is satisfied that in respect of health insurance the organisation has complied with the letter and the spirit of the judgment.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 996

    Keywords:

    application for interpretation; consequence; contributions; deduction; insurance; insurance benefit; interpretation; judgment of the tribunal; payment; reinstatement; salary;



  • Judgment 1099


    71st Session, 1991
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Summary

    Extract:

    The complainant claims the expatriation allowance provided under Article 72 of the EPO Service Regulations for officials who, at the time of their appointment, have not been continuously resident in their duty station for the preceding three years. As he does not meet that requirement, he wants the time he spent in the Federal Republic of Germany to be discounted and he relies on the German wording of the provision, which refers to the official's being "permanently established" rather than "resident" at the duty station as in the English and French versions. The English and French versions being quite explicit, the German version must be interpreted in a way that reconciles all three. (Vide Judgment 926.)

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 72 OF THE EPO SERVICE REGULATIONS
    ILOAT Judgment(s): 926

    Keywords:

    condition; criteria; interpretation; language of rule; nationality; non-resident allowance; residence; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1064


    70th Session, 1991
    World Meteorological Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 3 and 4

    Extract:

    [A]n application for interpretation is receivable only if the operative part of the judgment is ambiguous or otherwise unclear. The present application is about the meaning of the term "rates" and therefore qualifies under the rule as stated in
    that judgment. [...]
    The only meaning the term "rates" in point 2 can bear is "rate of salary" and "rate of allowances". Nowhere in the
    judgment is there any allusion to a "rate of exchange", and the clear intent is that the complainant should receive by
    way of damages for material injury a lump sum to be calculated by reference to the salary and allowances he was
    entitled to at the date of separation.

    Keywords:

    allowance; application for interpretation; interpretation; rate; salary;



  • Judgment 1053


    69th Session, 1990
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Summary

    Extract:

    In respect of tax reimbursement the IAEA took the reference in Provisional Staff Regulation 5.02(a) to "salaries or allowances paid by the Agency" to cover lump-sum payments from the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund between 1980 and 1989. The Tribunal holds that, "having been followed over several years,the interpretation became part of the Agency's personnel policy and had to be applied to all departing staff members who found themselves in similar circumstances. If the Agency chose to take a different view of the interpretation at a later stage, it could not in doing so break with the general principle of good faith which it is required to observe in dealings with its staff members."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: IAEA PROVISIONAL STAFF REGULATION 5.02(A)

    Keywords:

    amendment to the rules; good faith; interpretation; lump-sum; pension; practice; refund; staff regulations and rules; tax;



  • Judgment 1032


    69th Session, 1990
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 2

    Extract:

    "The complainant points out inconsistencies between the English, French and German texts of [Article 12(1) of the EPO Pension Scheme Regulations and Rule 12.1/1(i)(b) of the Implementing Rules]. The three language versions, being equally authentic, shall be deemed to bear the same meaning. Where there are inconsistencies the Tribunal will apply the construction which, having regard to the purpose of the provisions, best reconciles the various versions."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 12(1) OF THE EPO PENSION SCHEME REGULATIONS; RULE 12.1/1(I)(B) OF THE IMPLEMENTING RULES

    Keywords:

    authentic version; criteria; difference; interpretation; language of rule; purpose; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 980


    66th Session, 1989
    European Southern Observatory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    "The complainant is in fact asking the Tribunal to change its mind about its interpretation of the rules. The reasons he puts forward are essentially that its judgment showed misappraisal of the facts and a mistake in law in interpreting the rules and failed to endorse his own interpretation. Those are not admissible grounds for review."

    Keywords:

    application for review; appraisal of facts; inadmissible grounds for review; interpretation; misinterpretation of the facts; mistake of law;



  • Judgment 979


    66th Session, 1989
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    The complainant's application "merely alleges misinterpretation of the EPO's Service Regulations and guidelines. That is an assertion of error of law which, according to the long-established case-law, does not constitute valid grounds for review".

    Keywords:

    application for review; interpretation; mistake of law;



  • Judgment 975


    66th Session, 1989
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    "It is a principle of interpretation - expressio unius exclusio alterius - that express mention in a text of one or more things belonging to a category excludes by implication all other things in the category."

    Keywords:

    criteria; interpretation; staff regulations and rules;

    Consideration 9

    Extract:

    "The fact that [the complainant] formerly benefited from misinterpretation of the rules does not entitle her to have the rules wrongly applied a second time."

    Keywords:

    amendment to the rules; interpretation;



  • Judgment 945


    65th Session, 1988
    European Southern Observatory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    Article R II 4.35 of the ESO Staff Regulations, which provides that "the first period of home leave shall be granted during the second year of service and the subsequent periods every alternate year thereafter", is deemed by the Tribunal to mean that "the right to home leave is confined in every case to a single year, i.e. the second, fourth and each succeeding even-numbered year of service."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE R II 4.35 OF THE ESO STAFF REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    home leave; interpretation; period; provision; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 939


    65th Session, 1988
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 25

    Extract:

    The complainant, who has not held a headquarters post for the past thirteen years, alleges breach of Circular 180. The Tribunal holds that "the Circular does not [...] make an unqualified promise to bring back to Headquarters an official who has spent a substantial period in the field: all it promises is intensive effort to do so".

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: CIRCULAR 180 (SERIES 6) OF 22 MAY 1980

    Keywords:

    administrative instruction; assignment; field; headquarters; interpretation; request for transfer; right; transfer;

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