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Judgment No. 4473


The complaint is dismissed.


The complainant contests the decision not to recognise his son’s condition as a “serious illness” within the meaning of the provisions governing reimbursement of medical expenses.

Judgment keywords


dependent child; illness; insurance benefits; motivation; complaint dismissed; health insurance

Consideration 13


[I]t should be pointed out that, in Judgment 3994, the Tribunal recalls that, according to consistent precedent, it may not replace the medical findings of medical experts with its own assessment. In that judgment, the Tribunal clarifies that, although it does have full competence to say whether there was due process and to examine the medical reports on which an administrative decision is based, its role concerns situations in which a material mistake or inconsistency, a failure to consider some essential fact or a plain misreading of the evidence can be demonstrated. Moreover, in consideration 6, the Tribunal states:
“The complainant has produced no evidence in support of her claims that challenges either the lawfulness of the procedure followed during that expert assessment or the soundness of the expert’s conclusions.”


ILOAT Judgment(s): 3994


medical opinion; role of the tribunal

Consideration 2


The Tribunal notes that Article 35(2) [of Rule of Application No. 10] provides that a failure to observe the two-month time limit afforded to the Committee to issue its opinion, which allows the Director General to take a decision without having received that opinion, does not in itself render the decision on the internal complaint unlawful.


internal appeals body; interpretation of rules

Considerations 4-5


The Tribunal observes that of the eight-member Committee, four were in favour of dismissing the internal complaint. In this respect, the Tribunal refers to Judgment 4281, consideration 11, which states, in a situation where two opinions enjoyed equal support as in this case:
“In stating, in the decision of 13 December 2016, that he ‘share[d] the opinion of [those members]’, the Director General endorsed their reasoning. The plea alleging a failure to state reasons is therefore unfounded.”
Thus, the impugned decision of 21 February 2019 not only endorses the findings of the four members of the Committee who opposed the recognition of serious illness, but also provides further justification for the choice to accept the negative opinion and specifies the reasons for the complainant’s internal complaint being dismissed.


report of the internal appeals body; motivation of final decision

Last updated: 08.06.2022 ^ top