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Saudi Arabia > Constitutional law

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Country: Saudi Arabia - Subject: Constitutional law

  1. Saudi Arabia - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Law on the Allegiance Council, 2006.

    Adoption: 2006-10-20 | SAU-2006-C-90066

    Establishes the Allegiance Council which comprises of:

    1) the sons of King Abdulaziz Al-Saud, the founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia;
    2) Grandsons of King Abdulaziz whose fathers are deceased, incapacitated (as determined by a medical report) or otherwise unwilling to assume the throne. Members appointed by the King must be capable and known for their integrity.
    3) a son of the King and a son of the Crown Prince, both to be appointed by the King. They should be capable and known for their integrity.

    Sets out the duties of the Council as well as its functions.

  2. Saudi Arabia - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Law on the Council of Ministers, 1993 (Royal Order No. A/13).

    Adoption: 1993-08-21 | SAU-1993-C-90065

    Sets out the regulations for the Council of Ministers, including possible members, their appointment, term and governing authority. Also sets out the formation of the Council, its functions, regulatory affairs, executive affairs, financial affairs, presidency and administrative structure.

  3. Saudi Arabia - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Royal Order No.A/90, of 1 March 1992, to promulgate the Constitution. - Constitution (in English) Constitution (in English)

    Adoption: 1992-03-01 | SAU-1992-C-29404

    This so-called "basic system of government" is in effect Saudi Arabia's first constitution. It codifies (Art. 56) the King's power: he acts as prime minister and appoints deputy prime ministers and cabinet ministers. The King may now choose his Crown Prince from among a broader pool of relatives than before. He may also remove the Crown Prince. Some fundamental rights are expressly guaranteed for the first time. Private property cannot be expropriated, "except in the public interest" and in return for "fair compensation". Various provisions protect privacy, notably in correspondance and telecommunications. Private homes cannot be entered or searched "except in accordance with the Constitution". Article 28 of the Constitution stipulates that "the State shall assist all able persons in finding employment and shall make regulations to protect workers and employers". The State also undertakes to protect the rights of its "citizens and their families in case of emergency, sickness, disability or old age, and to support the social security system". Under article 43, anyone may "address the public authorities on any matter". Article 39 says that "the mass media, publications and all other means of expression shall observe the requirements of decency and the regulations of the State". Citizens and residents can institute legal proceedings, on an equal basis. Articles 7 and 8 uphold the Holy Qur'an, the Sunnah and the Islamic Sharia as the basis of law. The System of the Majlis al-Shoura establishes a Consultative Council (Shoura Council). The Provincial system regulates the governing of Provinces and Article 16 provides for a Province Council. An English translation of this Constitution may be found in the April 1992 edition of the Middle East Executive Reports, as well as in Vol. 8, Part 3 of the 1993 Arab Law Quarterly.

  4. Saudi Arabia - Constitutional law - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Royal Order No.A/91, of 1 March 1992, to promulgate the Constitution of the Consultative Council

    Adoption: 1992-03-01 | SAU-1992-R-29405

    The Consultative Council will consist of 60 members and a chairman, all of them to be appointed by the King within six months of the publication of the Order. The terms of reference of the Council are to: review economic and development plans; examine legislation, treaties and international agreements; and to discuss the annual reports of ministries. The Council can make recommendations and adopt resolutions, which must then be submitted to the Prime Minister who will refer them to the Council of Ministers for discussion. If the two bodies agree, "royal approval shall be given". If not, the King will settle the matter "as appropriate".

  5. Saudi Arabia - Constitutional law - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Royal Order No.A/92, of 1 March 1992, to promulgate the System of Provincial Administration

    Adoption: 1992-03-01 | SAU-1992-R-29406

    This statute reorganizes the country's system of local administration. Each province is to have a governor with the rank of minister and a deputy-governor to be appointed by Royal Decree on a recommendation of the Minister of Internal Affairs. The Order spells out the duties of governors in great detail, including the province's social and economic development; the protection of personal rights and freedoms; etc. Province governors must at least twice a year hold a meeting with the authorities in charge of the administrative subdivisions under their control, i.e. governorates and districts.

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