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Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation

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Country: Russian Federation

  1. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act of 9 December 1992 to amend and supplement the Constitution.

    Adoption: 1992-12-09 | RUS-1992-L-34217

    Establishes limits to political parties and mass movements activities, mainly prohibition to undermine the Russian Federation integrity. Contains provisions relating to the property right. Establishes the functions of the Russian Federation and of its bodies, as the territory's defence. Provides that citizens have a right to housing and must respect the laws. Contains provisions relating to the duties of governmental authorities as well as financial and jurisdictional provisions. Available in English.

  2. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 1559 on the reconversion of gas State enterprises, associations and organizations into joint stock companies and their privatization (Text No. 3089).

    Adoption: 1992-12-08 | RUS-1992-R-34236

    All enterprises and associations for gasification and gas exploitation are reconverted into a joint stock company called "Rosgazifikacija".

  3. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 1392 on measures for the implementation of industrial policy in the context of privatization of State enterprises (Text No. 2722).

    Adoption: 1992-11-16 | RUS-1992-R-33123

  4. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 1335 on additional measures for social protection of pregnant women and mothers of children under 3 who have been dismissed because of the liquidation of an enterprise, institution or organization (Text No. 2609).

    Adoption: 1992-11-05 | RUS-1992-R-33124

  5. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 1228 on the sale for privatization bonds of the Housing Fund, of land plots and parts of municipal property.

    Adoption: 1992-10-14 | RUS-1992-R-34319

  6. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 3612 of 9 October 1992 on general principles of the legislation on Culture. (Text No. 2615)

    Adoption: 1992-10-09 | RUS-1992-L-44939

    Promulgated by Decree No. 3613 of 9 October 1992 (Text No. 2616).

  7. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 1157 of 2 October 1992 on complementary measures of State assistance to the disabled.

    Adoption: 1992-10-02 | Date of entry into force: 1993-01-01 | RUS-1992-R-34225

    Contains provisions relating to free attribution or for a special price of drugs and transport tickets, prolongation of work disablement periods, various priorities granted to disabled children or to children whose parents are disabled.

  8. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 1148 on the structure of the executive power central bodies (Text No. 2279).

    Adoption: 1992-09-30 | RUS-1992-R-31719

  9. Russian Federation - - International agreement

    Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on the principles of sending and admitting Vietnamese Citizens to work in enterprises, associations and organizations in the Russian Federation.

    Adoption: 1992-09-29 | INT-1992-IA-45911

    Available in English.

  10. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 3543 of 25 September 1992 to amend and supplement the Labour Code.

    Adoption: 1992-09-25 | RUS-1992-L-45501

    Also available in French. Repealed by Labour Code of 30 December 2001.

  11. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Patent Law of 23 September 1992 (Consolidation).

    Adoption: 1992-09-23 | Date of end of application: 2008-01-01 | RUS-1992-L-35797

    Replaced from 1 January 2008 by Part IV of the Civil Code.

  12. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 3523-I on legal protection of computer programmes and data.

    Adoption: 1992-09-23 | RUS-1992-L-35798

    Contains general provisions concerning, inter alia, conditions of copyright granting and duration of that right. Establishes a list of exclusive rights of the author and determines the use of computer programmes and data. Precises which rights are protected by the law. Put into effect by Decree No. 3524-I of 23 September 1992. Available in English.

  13. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 1075 to adopt priority measures in the field of State policy for the youth (Text No. 2182).

    Adoption: 1992-09-16 | RUS-1992-R-31717

    Provides for the establishment of "guarantees" for the youth in the field of labour and social services and to grant credits for their vocational training.

  14. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 1077 on the pension funds not depending from the State (Text No. 2184).

    Adoption: 1992-09-16 | RUS-1993-R-31718

    Authorizes enterprises, establishments, organizations, banks, associations of citizens and social associations to constitute pension funds.

  15. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 889 on the Russian Agency for international cooperation and development (Text No. 1922).

    Adoption: 1992-08-14 | RUS-1992-R-31369

  16. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 922 on reconversion procedure of State enterprises, associations and organizations integrated in the thermo-energetic complex as joint stock companies (Text No. 2002).

    Adoption: 1992-08-14 | RUS-1992-R-31714

  17. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 822 on the Social Insurance Fund (Text No. 1927).

    Adoption: 1992-08-07 | RUS-1992-R-31712

    States that the Fund is a State autonomous establishment for financing and credit.

  18. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 828 to approve the Regulations on disciplinary responsibility of administration executives (Text No. 1931).

    Adoption: 1992-08-07 | Date of entry into force: 1992-08-20 | RUS-1992-R-31713

    Provides for the executives' responsibility at all levels in case of lack of execution or unsufficient execution of normative acts and decisions of their superiors in absence of administrative or penal sanctions. Sanctions provided for are warning and suspension. Also provided for are the sending of a written explanation and the possibility of a personal interview with the superior before the application of the sanction. If the executive gets no other disciplinary sanction during one year, he is considered exonerated.

  19. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 3326-I on human rights in Estonia (Text No. 1806).

    Adoption: 1992-07-17 | RUS-1992-R-34982

    Provides for the settlement of questions of citizenship, citizens' rights and liberties, protection of ethnic minorities' rights, protection of human rights in the Russian Federation for the Estonian and for the Russian in Estonia. Available in English.

  20. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 3314-I to put into effect the Regulations on granting of licences for underground exploitation (Text No. 1917).

    Adoption: 1992-07-15 | Date of entry into force: 1992-08-20 | RUS-1992-R-31711

    Among the reasons for licence retrieval is "direct threat to life or health of persons employed or living in an area exposed to works linked with underground exploitation". Fundamental obligations of the licencees include the guarantee of workers security.

  21. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 3307-I to amend and supplement the Act on Employment of the Population of 1991.

    Adoption: 1992-07-15 | RUS-1992-L-34796

    In the event when the employer cannot receive the citizen sent to him by the employment service, he must inform the latter and expose his reasons and propose a new datum. The employer has the right to appeal against the decision of a body of the employment service.

  22. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 3309-I to amend and supplement the Act of 1991 on the Employment of the Population of the Russian Federation.

    Adoption: 1992-07-15 | RUS-1992-L-38465

    The Russian citizens are allowed to work abroad and to look for an employment in a foreign country.

  23. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 3185-I on psychiatric assistance and guaranty of the rights of citizens to whom it is granted.

    Adoption: 1992-07-02 | Date of entry into force: 1993-01-01 | RUS-1992-L-31710

  24. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 721 on measures for the organization of the reconversion of State enterprises and voluntary associations of State enterprises into joint stock companies (Text No. 1657).

    Adoption: 1992-07-01 | RUS-1992-R-31365

    Available in English.

  25. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 722 on the Social Insurance Fund (Text No. 1641).

    Adoption: 1992-06-26 | RUS-1992-R-31363

    The Fund is managed by the government with the assistance of trade unions. It finances benefits for temporary working disability, maternity, care of the newborn until 18 months, occupational diseases of workers and members of their families and spa treatments.

  26. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 658 to remove from secrecy legal acts and other acts having justified mass repressions and human rights violations (Text No. 1510).

    Adoption: 1992-06-23 | RUS-1992-R-30454

    Citizens have an access to all the documentation kept before under secrecy, especially concerning forced labour and "corrective work" establishments.

  27. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 3085-I on consumers cooperatives (Text No. 1788).

    Adoption: 1992-06-19 | Date of entry into force: 1992-06-19 | RUS-1992-L-31370

  28. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 2988-I to amend the Criminal Corrections Code, the Penal Code and the Penal Procedure Code (Text No. 1687).

    Adoption: 1992-06-12 | RUS-1992-L-31615

    Contains provisions relating, inter alia, to the control of corrective establishments, exception regimes (special conditions granted to pregnant women and to women with children under 3). Provides for guarantees granted to prisoners: religious liberty, no censorship for complaints and declarations to the judge, right to be informed on working conditions and rest conditions. The chapter concerning the penitentiary personnel has been modified (service conditions, responsibilities, legal and social protection). A new section of the Penal Code enables pregnant women or mothers of children under 3 to get a delay for the application of their punishment under specific conditions. Repealed by Penal Code No. 63-FZ of 13 June 1996.

  29. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 2981-I to declare 12 June a public holiday (Text No. 1393).

    Adoption: 1992-06-11 | RUS-1992-R-30457

  30. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 566 on the creation of the Russian Fund for industrial investments (Text No. 1345).

    Adoption: 1992-06-06 | RUS-1992-R-30410

  31. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 548 on several measures to develop free economic zones in the territory of the Russian Federation (Text No. 1325).

    Adoption: 1992-06-04 | RUS-1992-R-30459

    The privatization of enterprises in these zones must be done in priority in order to facilitate foreign investments.

  32. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 524 on means of organization and realization of meetings, demonstrations, processions and strike-pickets.

    Adoption: 1992-05-25 | RUS-1992-R-30462

    Meetings, demonstrations, processions and strike-pickets must not violate rights and liberties of others, neither commend hatred or violence.

  33. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 315 relating to the system of vocational training, upgrading and retraining of workers and unemployed persons.

    Adoption: 1992-05-14 | RUS-1992-R-30436

    Provides for the creation within 3 months of a network of vocational and technical training establishments on medium and higher levels, as well as the elaboration of programmes for 1992-1993. Also provides for the information of the population concerning possibilities and conditions of training, orientation, social and vocational readaptation.

  34. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 508 on complementary measures to stimulate Public Health workers.

    Adoption: 1992-05-13 | Date of entry into force: 1992-05-01 | RUS-1992-R-34220

    Provides that wage supplements are doubled for the personnel of urgent medical assistance, for rural medical units and enterprise doctors, as well as for other categories of personnel to be determined.

  35. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 431 on measures of social support to large families (Text No. 1044).

    Adoption: 1992-05-05 | RUS-1992-R-30463

  36. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 272 of 24 April 1992 to establish the professional list of workers in locomotive teams and the functions of several categories of workers of railway and subway transports that benefit of the right to pension in relation with special labour conditions.

    Adoption: 1992-04-24 | RUS-1992-R-34221

    Annexed is a list of professions directly in charge of the organization of transports and of the control of traffic safety on railway and subway lines.

  37. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the President No. 361 on fight against corruption in the public service (Text No. 923).

    Adoption: 1992-04-04 | RUS-1992-R-30134

    It is forbidden for public servants to perform an activity of entrepreneur or any other paid activity (except for scientific, creative or teaching activities) and to take part in the management of a commercial firm.

  38. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 301 of 25 March 1992 on the sale of land plots to citizens and to legal persons in the context of the privatization of Republics' and municipalities' enterprises (Text No. 761).

    Adoption: 1992-03-25 | RUS-1992-R-30135

  39. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decision No. 4 to adopt the circular "on questions relating to the payment of trade union contributions" of 25 March 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-03-25 | RUS-1992-R-34213

    Provides for means of payment of trade union contributions and consequences in the event of non payment.

  40. Russian Federation - - International agreement

    Agreement on guarantees of rights of citizens of participant States of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the sphere of pension provisions concluded in Moscow on 13 March 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-03-13 | INT-1992-IA-35728

    Provides for the protection of pensions of citizens of participants States of the Commonwealth of Independent States and their families, including military servicemen of the armed forces. English translation available.

  41. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 2490-I of 11 March 1992 on Collective and Workplace Agreements (Text No. 890).

    Adoption: 1992-03-11 | Date of entry into force: 1992-03-11 | RUS-1992-L-29677

    According to the act, a collective agreement is a legal act concluded between an employer and a trade union represented by its executive body, another executive body appointed by workers or a general assembly of the workers, whereas a workplace agreement has a limited scope (professional, sectorial or territorial). These agreements must be in accordance with the legislation in force. On the other hand, no individual labour contract can provide for less favourable conditions for the worker than the ones fixed by the legislation or the agreement. This act establishes equality of parties for collective bargaining (including for the revision of concluded texts). Provides for sanctions against employers who refuse to negociate, violate concluded provisions or do not give the necessary information. Put into force by Ordinance No. 2491-I of Supreme Soviet of 11 March 1992.

  42. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 2491-I on the entry into force of the Act on Collective and Workplace Agreements (Text No. 891).

    Adoption: 1992-03-11 | RUS-1992-R-29678

  43. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 2446-I of 5 March 1992 on Security.

    Adoption: 1992-03-05 | RUS-1992-L-35026

    Available in English.

  44. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 213 on the procedure of determination of standards for the free transfer of land plots to citizens' properties (Text No. 561).

    Adoption: 1992-03-02 | RUS-1992-R-30136

  45. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Presidential Decree No. 179 on the forms of production whose free execution is forbidden (Text No. 492).

    Adoption: 1992-02-22 | RUS-1992-R-28993

  46. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 2395-I on underground resources (Text No. 834).

    Adoption: 1992-02-21 | Date of entry into force: 1992-02-21 | RUS-1992-L-30124

    Available in English.

  47. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 2396-I on the entry into force of the Act on underground resources (Text No. 835).

    Adoption: 1992-02-21 | RUS-1992-R-30125

  48. Russian Federation - - International agreement

    Accord entre les Membres de la Communauté des Etats Indépendants sur les garanties sociales et juridiques des militaires, des personnes congédiées de l'armée et de leur famille.

    Adoption: 1992-02-14 | Date of entry into force: 1992-02-14 | INT-1992-IA-28151

    Etablit les dispositions d'ordre juridique et social destinées à venir en aide aux personnels de l'armée démis de leurs fonctions et qui sont installés dans les différents Etats Membres de la Communauté des Etats Indépendants. Texte disponible en anglais.

  49. Russian Federation - - Law, Act

    Act No. 2300-I on the protection of consumers' rights (Text No. 766).

    Adoption: 1992-02-07 | RUS-1992-L-30130

    Put into force by Ordinance No. 2300/1-I (Text No. 767).

  50. Russian Federation - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 2300/1-I on the entry into force of the Act on the protection of consumers' rights (Text No. 767).

    Adoption: 1992-02-07 | Date of entry into force: 1992-05-01 | RUS-1992-R-30131

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