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Nepal > General provisions

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Country: Nepal - Subject: General provisions

  1. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Criminal Procedure (Code) Act, 2074 (2017). (मुलुकी देवानी कार्यविधि (संहिता) एेन, २०७४) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2074-10-16 | NPL-2074-L-106061

    The Criminal Procedure (Code) Act was adopted in 2017 alongside five other Acts, designed to replace the Civil Code, 2021.

  2. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Criminal (Code) Act, 2074 (2017) (मुलुकी अपराध (संहिता) एेन, २०७४) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017-10-16 | NPL-2017-L-106060

    The Criminal Code was adopted in 2017 alongside five other Acts, designed to replace the Civil Code, 2021.

    It outlaws the practice of Chhaupadi as was as the evangelization of citizens to other religions.

  3. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    House of Representatives Election Act, 2074 (2017). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017-09-07 | NPL-2017-L-106087

  4. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    State Assembly Elections Act, 2074 (2017). (प्रदेश सभा सदस्य निर्वाचन एेन, २०७४) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017-09-07 | NPL-2017-L-106088

  5. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Act, 2074 (2017). (श्रम एेन, २०७४) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017-09-04 | NPL-2017-L-105434

    Chapter I - Preliminary
    Chapter II - Fundamental Provisions Relating to Workers
    Chapter III - Provisions Relating To Employment
    Chapter IV - Provisions Relating to Trainees and Apprentices
    Chapter V - Provisions Relating to Part-Time Workers
    Chapter VI - Provisions Relating to Work Permits
    Chapter VII - Provisions Relating to Working Hours
    Chapter VIII - Provisions Relating to Remuneration
    Chapter IX - Provisions Relating to Leave
    Chapter X - Provisions Relating to Provident Fund, Gratuity and Insurance
    Chapter XI - Provisions Relating to Labour Provider
    Chapter XII - Provisions Relating to Occupational Safety and Health
    Chapter XIII - Provisions Relating to Special Types of Industries and Services
    Chapter XIV - Provisions Relating to Fair Labour Practices
    Chapter XV - Provisions Relating to Inspection
    Chapter XVI -Provisions Relating to Councils and Committees
    Chapter XVII - Provisions Relating to Internal Management of Enterprises
    Chapter XVIII - Provisions Relating to Settlement of Individual Disputes
    Chapter XIX - Provisions Relating to Settlement of Collective Disputes
    Chapter XX - Provisions Relating to Conduct and Punishment
    Chapter XXI - Provisions Relating to Termination of Employment
    Chapter XXII - Provisions Relating to Labour Court
    Chapter XXIII - Provisions Relating to Complaints, Punishment and Appeals
    Chapter XXIV - Miscellaneous Provisions

  6. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Supreme Court Rules, 2074 (2017). (सर्वाेच्च अदालत नियमावली, २०७४) - Legislation on-line Supreme Court of Nepal

    Adoption: 2017-08-28 | NPL-2017-L-106086

  7. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Disaster Risk and Management Act, 2074 (2017). (विपद् जाेखिम न्यूनीकरण तथा व्यवस्थापन एेन, २०७४) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017 | Date of entry into force: 2017-10-15 | NPL-2017-L-106076

    Repeals and replaces the Natural Calamity Relief Act of 1982. Provides for the cooperation of national and local authorities in the framework of the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council in the case of natural disasters in Nepal. Focuses on protecting public life, public and private property, natural and cultural heritages, physical properties and minimising the disaster risk.

  8. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Industrial Enterprises Act, 2073 (2016). (औधोगिक व्यवसाय ऐन, २०७३) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-11-22 | NPL-2016-L-105921

    Regulates the registration of companies in Nepal as well as their classification into different categories and sectors and licensing for certain types of enterprises.

  9. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Special Economic Zone Act, 2073 (2016). - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-10-04 | NPL-2016-L-105922

  10. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Judicial Service Commission Act, 2073 (2016). (Nyaya Sewa Aayog Ain, 2073) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016 | NPL-2016-L-102857

  11. Nepal - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of Nepal, 2072 (2015). - Constitution on-line

    Adoption: 2015-09-20 | NPL-2015-C-100061

    Part 3 of the Constitution includes the fundamental rights of Nepal which include the right to form unions and associations, and to engage in any occupation or be engaged in employment, establish and operate industry, trade and business in any part of Nepal. Also contains provisions against discrimination, forced and bonded labour, right to employment and other rights pertaining to labour.

  12. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Prevention of Organised Crime Act, 2069 (2013). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2013 | NPL-2013-L-98137

  13. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    National Human Rights Commission Act, 2068 (2012). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2012-01-21 | NPL-2012-L-90654

    Chapter I - Preliminary
    Chapter II - The meetings, functions, duties and powers of the Commission
    Chapter III - Procedures Relating to Complaint Proceedings
    Chapter IV - Miscellaneous

    Repeals the Human Rights Commission Act, 2053.

  14. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Mediation Act, 2068 (2011). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2011-05-09 | NPL-2011-L-90655

    Provides for the procedures and rules for sorting out disputes via mediation.

  15. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Constitutional Council (Functions, Duties, Powers and Procedures) Act, 2066 (2010). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2010-01-06 | NPL-2010-L-87486

    Provides legal provisions on the procedures for the appointment of officials of constitutional bodies and on the function, duties, powers and procedures of the Constitutional Council.

  16. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Domestic Violence (Crime and Punishment) Act, 2066 (2009). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2009-04-27 | NPL-2009-L-87487

    Make provisions for the right of every person to live in a secure and dignified life, to prevent and control violence
    occurring within the family, includes provisions on penalties for domestic violence, and protection to the
    victims of violence.

  17. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Constituent Assembly Court Act, 2064 (2007). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2007-08-19 | NPL-2007-L-87482

    Makes legal provisions for the constitution, jurisdiction and procedures of the Constituent Assembly Court to hear and settle petitions relating to the election of members of the Constituent Assembly.

  18. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Right to Information Act, 2064 (2007). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2007-07-21 | NPL-2007-L-87503

    Chapter 1. Preliminary
    Chapter 2. Right to Information and Provision Regarding the Flow of Information
    Chapter 3. Provision Regarding Commission
    Chapter 4. Provision Regarding Protection of Information
    Chapter 5. Provision Regarding Punishment and Compensation
    Chapter 6. Miscellaneous

  19. Nepal - General provisions - Constitution

    Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063 (2007). - Text in English and Nepalese

    Adoption: 2007 | NPL-2007-C-78619

    The Constitution contains provisions for establishing the Republic of Nepal. Contains 25 Parts including Part 3 on Fundamental Rights.

  20. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Companies Act, 2063 (2006). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2006-11-03 | NPL-2006-L-87481

  21. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Poverty Alleviation Fund Act, 2063 (2006). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2006-07-07 | NPL-2006-L-87498

    Provides for the establishment and operation of a Fund related to poverty alleviation, implementing various programmes related to poverty alleviation through active participation of those in poverty in the society.

  22. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Public Security Rules, 2001.

    Adoption: 2001-06-04 | NPL-2001-R-59857

    Made under the Public Security Act 1989. Establishes that in case local authorities receive information that a person or group is about to commit an act listed under Section 3 of these Rules, this shall be regarded as a reasonable ground to believe that the sovereignty, integrity and public tranquillity of Nepal may be harmed immediately. Also provides for issuing of detention orders, submission of petitions by persons feeling aggrieved by such orders, and for power to revise and invalidate orders.

  23. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Consumer Protection Rules, 1999.

    Adoption: 2000-01-12 | Date of entry into force: 2000-01-12 | NPL-2000-R-56422

    Regulates sale and supply system, provides for the appointment of inspection officers, the establishment of district monitoring committees in order to supervise and monitor the supply system of consumer goods or services and their prices, as well as for related matters.

  24. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Local Self-Governance Act 2055 (1999). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1999 | NPL-1999-L-59642

    Comprehensive legislation on local self-governance. Divided into 5 parts. Part 2 contains provisions relating to village development, Part 3 provisions relating to Municipality, Part 4 provisions relating to District Development Committee, and Part 5 provisions relating to Local Body. Section 189 regulates functions, duties and powers of District Development Committee. These include determination of wages for labour and rate of workmanship at district level, as well as operating programmes on abolition of child labour and rescue of children.

  25. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Consumer Protection Act, 2054 (1998). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1998-01-28 | Date of entry into force: 1999-04-13 | NPL-1998-L-49391

    Establishes a Consumer Protection Council charged with the promotion of consumer rights. Prohibits price-fixing, hoarding, and other unfair trading practices. Also creates a Compensation Committee which shall award damages in connection with complaints filed under the Act.

  26. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    International Financial Transaction Act, 2054 (1998). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1998-01-28 | NPL-1998-L-49392

    Defines which types of institutions shall be eligible for licenses to conduct international financial transactions; prohibits certain activities of international financial institutions (including acquisition of immovable property). Establishes an international Financial Transaction Implementation Committee which shall monitor relevant transactions.

  27. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Anti Defection Act, 2054 (1997). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1997-09-30 | NPL-1997-L-48354

    Makes provision regarding members of parliament who defect or split from their political party. Defines which actions shall be considered defection, and provides that the seat of a member of the House of Representatives or of the National Assembly who defects from his or her party shall be deemed vacant.

  28. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Securities Investment Trust Act, 1997.

    Adoption: 1997-02-26 | NPL-1997-L-47005

    Governs issuance of licenses, registration, administration, and management of trust schemes.

  29. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Environment Protection Act, 2053 (1997). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1997-01-30 | NPL-1997-L-47363

    Requires that proposed development projects be reviewed and approved in relation to their impact on the environment. Provides for the post of an Environment Inspector, the establishment of environmental conservation zones, and an Environment Conservation Council.

  30. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Compensation for Torture Act, 1996. - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1996-12-18 | NPL-1996-L-45831

    No person who is in detention shall be tortured; torture is defined as "cruel, inhuman, or insulting treatment" of a person. Persons who were tortured may file for compensation at a district court.

  31. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Industrial Enterprises Development Institute Act, 2053 (1996). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1996-11-04 | NPL-1996-L-45829

    Establishes an Industrial Enterprises Development Institute with the function of providing such services a trainers' training, quality management, feasibility studies and research for organizations and institutions engaged in the development of industrial enterprises and human resources development.

  32. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Development Bank Act, 2052 (1996).

    Adoption: 1996-03-20 | Date of entry into force: 1996-03-20 | NPL-1996-L-44237

    Sets forth rules governing the establishment of development banks.

  33. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer (First Amendment) Act, 1996.

    Adoption: 1996-01-24 | Date of entry into force: 1996-01-24 | NPL-1996-L-44239

    Amends provisions of the Foreign Investment and Transfer of Technology Act relating to taxes charged on income earned from foreign investment, and visas for foreign investors. Also amends the schedule listing industries in which foreign investment is not permitted.

  34. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Labour Court (Working Procedure) Rules, 1996.

    Adoption: 1996-01-02 | NPL-1996-R-44238

    Provides rules concerning formation of the court, matters related to complaints, issue of summons, and evidence. Also outlines duties and powers of "shrestedars" (Court employees responsible for general administration.)

  35. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Industrial Enterprises Development Board (Formation) Order, 1995.

    Adoption: 1995-07-03 | Date of entry into force: 1995-07-03 | NPL-1995-R-42590

    Establishes an Industrial Enterprises Development Board, whose functions include providing services such as trainers' training, quality management, feasability studies and consultancy services, as well as training programmes on production management, productivity development, market management and personnel management.

  36. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Nepal Trade Promotion Board (Formation) (First Amendment) Order, 1995.

    Adoption: 1995-06-22 | Date of entry into force: 1995-06-22 | NPL-1995-R-41703

    Amends provisions of the 1970 Nepal Trade Promotion Board (Formation) Order relating to the composition of the Board, its functions, the fund of the Board, and other related matters.

  37. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Nepal Trade Promotion Board (Formation) (First Amendment) Order, 1995.

    Adoption: 1995-03-23 | Date of entry into force: 1995-03-23 | NPL-1995-R-42591

    Amends 1970 Nepal Trade Promotion Board (Formation) Order, by, inter alia, replacing sections relating to membership of the Board, its objectives and functions, as well as meetings and Fund of the Board.

  38. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Administrative Court Rules, 1995 (No. 5 of 1995)

    Adoption: 1995-03-22 | NPL-1995-R-40699

    Provides for matters such as, inter alia, formation of the court, remuneration, service conditions and facilities of members, exercise of jurisdiction and appeal.

  39. Nepal - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Labour Rules, 1993

    Adoption: 1993-12-25 | NPL-1993-R-36026

    Consists of 6 Chapters, 59 sections and a Schedule. Governs employment and security of service, while setting out maximum hours of work for minors and women. Conditions of employment and working conditions are dealt with in Chapter 3, and health, sanitation and safety matters are provided for in Chapter 4. Chapters 5 and 6 concern administrative aspects relating to bodies such as the Central Labour Advisory Board, the Labour Relations Committee and the Labour Court. The Schedule lists degrees of physical disability according to extent of injury. Repeals the Nepal Factories and Factory-Workers Rules of 1963.

  40. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Foreign Investment and Transfer of Technology Act, 2049 (1992) (No. 34 of 2049) - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1992-07-27 | NPL-1992-L-34738

    Provides that foreigners who seek to invest in Nepalese industries or transfer technology obtain permission to do so from the Department of Industries, sets an income tax rate applicable to them, and establishes the amount of foreign currency that they may repatriate. Any disputes between foreign investors and industries concerned are to be settled through mutual discussion in the presence of the Department.

  41. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Village Development Board Act, 2048 (Act No. 37) [1992]

    Adoption: 1992-04-08 | NPL-1992-L-31283

    Provides for the establishment, constitution and functions of Village Development Boards. The 3995 Village Development Boards throughout the country function as autonomous bodies of local self-government.

  42. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Administration of Justice Act, 2048 (1991). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1991-05-30 | NPL-1991-L-87472

    Regulates the jurisdiction of the courts and their administrative procedures.

  43. Nepal - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1990. - Constitution on-line Constitution

    Adoption: 1990-11-09 | Date of entry into force: 1990-11-09 | NPL-1990-C-21137

    Establishes a constitutional monarchy based on multi-party democracy, ending thirty years of absolute monarchy. Among its provisions are guarantees of fundamental rights including the right to associate in unions (Sec. 12), the right of equal pay for the same work and to be free of discrimination based on sex, race, religion, ideology, tribe or caste (Sec. 11), the right to be free of exploitation in the form of slavery and forced labour and it forbids the employment of children in any factory, mine or other hazardous work (Sec. 20). The Royal Proclamation promulgating the Constitution, published in the Nepal Gazette, Part I, Vol. 40, Extraordinary No. 37 of 9 November 1990, abrogates the Constitution of 1962.

  44. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Public Security Act, 2046 (1989). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1989-09-27 | NPL-1989-L-87501

  45. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Extradition Act, 2045 (1988). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1988-08-31 | NPL-1988-L-87490

    An Act made to provide for extradition of accused or offender.

  46. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Code of Criminal Procedure Bill, 2034 (1977). (अपराध कार्यविधि संहिता २०३४) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1977 | NPL-1978-L-106059

    The Criminal Procedure Code, 1977 contained 15 chapters, 165 sections and 30 schedules 23 to simplify criminal procedures.

  47. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Social Practices (Reform) Act, 2033 (1976). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1976-10-20 | NPL-1976-L-87506

    1. Short Tile, Extension and Commencement
    2. Definition
    3. Prohibition on Tilak (property to be given by the bride side to the bride groom side for the reason that the bridegroom accepted to get marriage)
    4. Restriction to the Bride Side
    5. Restriction on Daijo (Dowery)
    6. Prohibition on bearing other Financial Liability
    7. Restriction on Janta
    8. Restriction on Marriage Feast
    9. Restriction on Feast of Chhaiti, Nwaran, Birth day, Pasni, Chudakarma, Bratbandha, Bhudhopasni
    10. Restriction on Feast of Pitrikarya
    11. Ban on Exhibition of Daijo etc
    12. Ban on Building Decoration in Pomp Manner
    13. Obligation of Local Bodies (Panchayat)
    14. Government of Nepal may Issue Directives
    15. Information of Expenditure to be supplied
    16. Government of Nepal to be Plaintiff
    17. Investigation and Prosecution of Case
    18. Time Limitation to File a Suit
    19. Adjudicating Authority and procedure
    20. Penalty
    21. Power to Frame Rules

  48. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Prisons Act, 2019 (1963). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1963-02-04 | NPL-1963-L-87499

  49. Nepal - General provisions - Law, Act

    Civil Rights Act, 2012 (1955) (Act No. 12 of 1955). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1955-11-04 | NPL-1955-L-87480

    Sections:
    1. Short Title, Extent and Commencement
    2. Definitions
    3. Equality in the eye of law
    4. No discrimination on the ground of Religion, Caste, Tribe or Gender
    5. Power of Government of Nepal to provide for special provisions to the Specific Class
    6. Rights to freedom of speech etc.
    7. Right to Religion
    8. No Taxation without Legal Authority
    9. Right to property
    10. Security of the Residence of the citizen
    11. Punishment in the case of conviction
    12. Personal Freedom
    13. Restriction from force labour
    14. Prohibition in employing children in the factory etc
    15. Save from the arrest
    16. Measures against illegal detention
    17. Other measures to claim the rights guaranteed by the Act
    18. Power to file a case against the Government of Nepal
    19. Notice of the Case
    20. Limitations to file the case
    21. [Repealed by the Foreigners Act]
    22. Repeal: Personal Liberty Act, 2006 is, hereby, repealed.


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