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Country: Japan - Subject: Specific categories of workers

  1. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law concerning the Promotion of Safety and Health of Construction Workers (Law No. 111 of 16 December 2016). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-12-16 | Date of entry into force: 2017-03-16 | JPN-2016-L-103899

    This Law applies to construction workers as well as as those who work on construction sites as independent contractors (“Hitori Oyakata”), and includes a provision (Article 3) calling for the realization of OSH for construction workers including through appropriate service contracts in terms of fees and deadlines. The competent authorities for the implementation, plan of action etc. of the Law are the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLITT).

    Chapter I - General Provisions (Article 1 - Article 7)
    Chapter 2- Basic Plan etc. (Article 8, Article 9)
    Chapter 3 - Basic Measures (Article 10 - Article 14)
    Chapter 4 - Promotion of Safety and Health of Construction Workers Promotion Council (Article 15)
    Supplementary provisions

  2. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law on Improvement of Working Conditions of Health Care Workers with View to Securing Care Work Forces (Law No. 44 of 2008). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2008 | JPN-2008-L-89920

  3. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ministerial Order Amending Certain Provisions of the Implementation Rules of the Nursing Insurance Law (Ministerial Order No. 45 of 2006)

    Adoption: 2006-03-24 | Date of entry into force: 2006-03-27 | JPN-2006-R-73974

    Adds to the list of benefits under the Nursing Insurance Law of 1997 compensation to be paid for diseases caused by asbestos.

  4. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law Amending a Part of the Law on the Improvement of Employment for Construction Workers (Law No.84 of 2005).

    Adoption: 2005-07-15 | Date of entry into force: 2006-01-15 | JPN-2005-L-73981

    Amends Law No.33 of 1976; Revises provisions and elaborates detailed measures to improve the employment conditions of construction workers.

  5. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order No. 42 of 2002 concerning Co-ordination of Rules on the Completion of the Structural Adjustment of the Coal Mining Industry.

    Adoption: 2002 | Date of entry into force: 2002-03-31 | Date of partial entry into force: 2002-04-01 | JPN-2002-R-61484

    Abrogates a number of Cabinet Orders relating to Special Measures on Structural Adjustment of the Coal Mine Industry, Special Measures on the Employment Security of Coal Miners. Amends provisions concerning coal miners in various legislative texts, upon completion of the structural adjustment (i.e. the closure of remaining coal mines in Japan).

  6. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Local Public Servants Law [Law No.261 of 1950] No. 107.

    Adoption: 1999-07-22 | Date of entry into force: 2001-04-01 | JPN-1999-L-54776

    Introduces a new system to re-employ retired officials.

  7. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the National Public Servants' Law [Law No. 120 of 1947] No. 83.

    Adoption: 1999-07-07 | Date of entry into force: 2001-04-01 | JPN-1999-L-54775

    Introduces a new system to re-employ retired officials.

  8. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Personnel Authority Regulation No. 10-11 (limit of night work of a worker who takes care of a child or another family member).

    Adoption: 1998-11-13 | Date of entry into force: 1999-04-01 | JPN-1998-R-52605

    A public servant who takes care of a child or other family member shall not be employed between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. if the worker so requests.

  9. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law respecting the Special Treatment of Recruitment, Remuneration and Hours of Work for National Public Servants who are recruited as staff for research and study for fixed term in the Regular Service (1997, No. 65).

    Adoption: 1997-06-04 | Date of entry into force: 1997-06-04 | JPN-1997-L-48531

    Sets forth regulations regarding flexible treatment for above-mentioned civil servants.

  10. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Law respecting Retirement Allowance for National Public Servants in Regular Service [Law No. 182 of 1953], the Law respecting Remuneration, Working Hours and Leave for National Public Servants in Regular Service LawNo. 95 of 1950] and etc. (1997, No. 66).

    Adoption: 1997-06-04 | JPN-1997-L-48532

    Provides for sanctions (including postponement or deprivation of bonus and retirement allowance) for national public servants who violate the Criminal Code.

  11. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Public Authority Regulations No. 1-22 respecting the Necessary Amendment for the Enforcement of the Law respecting the Special Treatment of Recruitment, Remuneration and Hours of Work for National Public Servants who are recruited as staff for research and study for fixed term contracts in the Regular Service [Law No. 65 of 1997].

    Adoption: 1997-06-04 | Date of entry into force: 1997-06-04 | JPN-1997-R-48533

  12. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Personnel Authority Regulation No. 20-0 respecting the Recruitment, Remuneration and Hours of Work for Fixed Term Employees for Research and Study.

    Adoption: 1997-06-04 | Date of entry into force: 1997-06-04 | JPN-1997-R-48534

    Regulates the conditions of work for above-mentioned civil servants.

  13. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Personnel Authority regulations amending NPA Regulation No. 9-8 (Standards for Entrance Salary Rates, Advancement in Grade, Step-Increase, etc. 9) No. 9-8-32.

    Adoption: 1997-04-23 | Date of entry into force: 1997-04-01 | JPN-1997-R-47941

    Amendments to improve the special step-increase system to provide for wage increases.

  14. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Local Public Servants Law [Law No. 120 of 1947] No. 8.

    Adoption: 1997-03-28 | Date of entry into force: 1997-04-01 | JPN-1997-L-47945

    Expands the duration for which local public servants are allowed to work as a manager of a workers' group.

  15. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry amending the Mining Safety Regulations [Ordinance No. 13 of 1994] No. 40.

    Adoption: 1997-03-27 | Date of entry into force: 1997-04-01 | JPN-1997-R-47947

    Amendments concerning the authorisation of a new procedure to use electrical means to keep records, including inspection records, and register of employees.

  16. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the National Public Servants Law [Law No. 120 of 1947] No. 3.

    Adoption: 1997-03-26 | Date of entry into force: 1997-04-01 | JPN-1997-L-47942

    Extends the duration for which national public sevrants are allowed to work as a manager of a workers' group.

  17. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of the Education amending the Ordinance made under the Nurses Law [Law No. 203 of 1948] No. 1.

    Adoption: 1997-03-24 | Date of entry into force: 1997-04-01 | JPN-1997-R-47939

    Prohibits the practice of soliciting students to work for a particular hospital during their studies and after graduation.

  18. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Law concerning Remuneration of National Public Employees in the Regular Service [Law No. 95 of 1950] (No. 112).

    Adoption: 1996-12-11 | Date of entry into force: 1996-12-11 | JPN-1996-L-46024

    Revision of salary schedules and commuter allowance.

  19. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Personnel Authority Regulations amending NPA Regulations No. 15-14 (Hours of Work, Holidays and Leave) (No. 15-14-3).

    Adoption: 1996-12-09 | Date of entry into force: 1997-01-01 | JPN-1996-R-46959

    Introduces leave for civil servants for volunteer activities. Amends the flexitime system.

  20. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Notification of the Management and Coordination Agency regarding the Structure of the Government as of 1 October 1996 under the National Government Organization Law [Law No.120 of 1948] (No. 176).

    Adoption: 1996-11-18 | JPN-1996-M-46021

    Notification of the existing Government Organization.

  21. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Local Public Servants' Accident Compensation Insurance Law [No. 121 of 1967].

    Adoption: 1996-06-07 | Date of entry into force: 1996-07-01 | JPN-1996-L-45489

    Establishes relief measures which may be put into effect during the decision process of the Local Insurance Review Committee.

  22. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law to Secure Workforce in the Forestry Sector (No.45).

    Adoption: 1996-05-24 | Date of entry into force: 1996-05-24 | JPN-1996-L-46012

    The aim of the Act is to secure the workforce in the forestry sector. Establishes measures to improve the management of workers and to facilitate the transition of new workers into forestry work.

  23. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Notification of the Ministry of Labour concerning the Programme for the reintegration of workers terminated because of mining industry rationalization, made under the Law concerning Temporary measures for structural adjustment of the mining industry [Law No. 156 of 1955] (No. 54).

    Adoption: 1996-05-17 | Date of entry into force: 1996-04-01 | JPN-1996-M-46017

    Establishes the number of terminated mining workers for which employment is to be found.

  24. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Notification of the Ministry of Labour establishing the basic plan for improvement of the working environment of construction workers (No.24).

    Adoption: 1996-03-27 | Date of entry into force: 1996-04-01 | Date of end of application: 2001-03-31 | JPN-1996-M-46020

    Establishes the said plan pursuant to the Act concerning the Improvement of Employment of Construction Workers [Act No.33 of 1976] which sets forth the principal aims and measures to be taken by public authorities.

  25. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Agricultural Workers Pension Fund Law [Law No. 103].

    Adoption: 1995-06-07 | Date of entry into force: 1996-04-01 | JPN-1995-L-43496

    Revises conditions required for claiming benefits. Also sets new rates of insurance premium. Effective as of 1 April 1996, but the changes in insurance premium take effect only after 1 January 1997.

  26. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Personnel Authority Regulation No. 15-14 (Hours of Work, Holidays and Leave).

    Adoption: 1994-07-27 | Date of entry into force: 1994-09-01 | JPN-1994-R-38234

    Consolidates NPA Regulations Nos. 15-1, 15-9, 15-11, 15-12 and 15-13 as a consequence of the promulgation of the Law concerning Hours of Work and Leave etc. of National Public Servants in the Regular Service. Covers regular staff (excludes temporary staff).

  27. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order to fix the date of enforcement of the Law concerning Hours of Work and Leave etc. of National Public Servants in the Regular Service [Law No. 33 of 1994]. No. 250.

    Adoption: 1994-07-27 | Date of entry into force: 1994-07-27 | JPN-1994-R-38235

    The date of entry into force will be 1 September 1994.

  28. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law concerning Family-care Leave of Judges. No. 45

    Adoption: 1994-06-29 | Date of entry into force: 1994-09-01 | JPN-1994-L-38238

    Family-care leave is to be provided under the Supreme Court Regulations, taking into consideration regulations on national public servants in the regular service.

  29. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law concerning Hours of Work and Leave etc. of National Public Servants in the Regular Service. No. 33.

    Adoption: 1994-06-15 | Date of entry into force: 1994-09-01 | JPN-1994-L-38232

    The National Personnel Authority must report on and recommend revisions concerning hours of work, holidays and leave of national public employees to the Cabinet, if necessary. The Prime Minister is responsible for maintaining consistency among the hours of work, holidays and leave of each Ministry. Each Minister must take into consideration not only efficient operations but also the health and welfare of employees when determining hours of work, holidays and leave. Basic conditions of work are 40 hours of work each week over a five day week, rest periods, national holidays and end of year and new year holidays, sick leave, 20 days of paid leave per year, unpaid family-care leave (to care for children and parents), and special leave (including child-care leave).

  30. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Notification of the Ministry of Labour concerning Programme for Reintegration of Workers Terminated because of Mining Industry Rationalisation, made under Law concerning Temporary Measures for Structural Adjustment of the Mining Industry [Law No. 150 of 1955]. No. 46.

    Adoption: 1994-04-21 | Date of entry into force: 1994-04-21 | JPN-1994-M-38715

    This programme sets out as an objective the number of terminated mining workers for which employment is to be found.

  31. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order amending Cabinet Order No. 368 of 1952 made under the Law concerning Remuneration etc. of Employees in the Defence Agency [Law No. 266 of 1952]. No. 62.

    Adoption: 1994-03-24 | Date of entry into force: 1994-06-01 | JPN-1994-R-38716

    Pay for overtime work and work on rest days by Defence Agency employees shall be the same as that for national public employees in the regular service.

  32. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Notification of the Ministry of Health and Welfare on Nursing Standards made under the Health Insurance Law [Law No. 70 of 1922]. No. 63.

    Adoption: 1994-03-16 | Date of entry into force: 1994-04-01 | JPN-1994-R-38237

    Consolidates standards regarding Nursing, Food and Sleeping Facilities, standards on other aspects of Nursing, and standards on the Working Conditions of Nurses. Covers general standards of nursing in wards, such as the number of nurses per ward and night shift, and the frequency of night shifts per month.

  33. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order fixing the date of enforcement of the Law to Promote the Obtention of Competent Persons as Nurses [Law No. 86 of 1992]

    Adoption: 1992-10-21 | JPN-1992-R-33868

    Fixes 1 November 1992 as the date of enforcement of the Law to Promote the Obtention of Competent Persons.

  34. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order made under the Law to promote the Obtention of Competent Persons as Nurses [Law No. 86 of 1992]. No. 345

    Adoption: 1992-10-21 | Date of entry into force: 1992-11-01 | JPN-1992-R-33869

    Provides that specified national hospitals shall be considered as special cases with regard to the application of the Law to Promote the Obtention of Competent Persons as Nurses.

  35. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Health and Welfare made under the Law to Promote the Obtention of Competent Persons as Nurses [Law No. 86 of 1992]. No. 61

    Adoption: 1992-10-21 | Date of entry into force: 1992-11-01 | JPN-1992-R-33870

    Specifies the hospitals for which those responsible for promoting the obtention of nurses shall be appointed. Establishes the qualifications that persons must meet in order to be appointed as such a promoter.

  36. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Ministry of Labour concerning Prefectural Nurse Centres and Central Nurse Centres made under the Law to Promote the Obtention of Competent Persons as Nurses [Law No. 86 of 1992] No. 6

    Adoption: 1992-10-21 | Date of entry into force: 1992-11-01 | JPN-1992-R-33871

    Provides for matters concerning the appointment of the Centres and the establishment of their working plans.

  37. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Labour made under the Law respecting the Improvement of Employment Management of Home Helpers (Law No. 63 of 1992). No. 18.

    Adoption: 1992-06-29 | Date of entry into force: 1992-07-01 | JPN-1992-R-33108

    Establishes standards for the allocation of grants and for management of the Center for the Stability of Home Helpers (persons responsible for the care of the aged in their homes).

  38. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Cabinet Order fixing the date of enforcement of the Law respecting the Improvement of Employment Management of Home Helpers (Law No. 63 of 1992). No. 232.

    Adoption: 1992-06-26 | JPN-1992-R-33021

    The date of enforcement of the Law is 1 July 1992.

  39. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Cabinet Order made under the Law respecting the Improvement of Employment Management of Home Helpers (Law No. 63 of 1992). No. 233.

    Adoption: 1992-06-26 | Date of entry into force: 1992-07-01 | JPN-1992-R-33105

    Establishes the standard to be followed by employers in order to improve the welfare of home helpers (persons responsible for the care of the aged in their homes).

  40. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law to Promote the Obtention of Competent Persons as Nurses. No. 86.

    Adoption: 1992-06-26 | JPN-1992-L-33109

    The purpose of the Law is to promote the improvement of national health care and medical treatment by taking measures to obtain skilled nurses taking into account the rapid increase in the number of elderly people, and changing circumstances with regard to health care and medical treatment. Provides for guidelines for the education, training, and employment of nurses, and for the appointment, in each prefecture as well as at the national level, of Nurse Centers to give assistance to nurses, to investigate the nursing situation, and to provide training, information and counselling. An English translation of this law may be found in DOC.NORMES.

  41. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law respecting the Improvement of Employment Management of Home Helpers. No. 63 of 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-05-27 | JPN-1992-L-33113

    The purpose of the Law is to promote the improvement of the welfare of home helpers by taking measures to improve their employment management, taking account of the increase in the demand for home help services due to the rapid increase in the number of elderly people. The Minister of Labour shall establish a plan for the improvement of the employment management of home helpers, based on trends in employment and on the measures to be taken for home helpers. A Center for the Stability of Home Helpers shall be established to provide services such as the collection of information and its dissemination to employers and home helpers, as well as the counselling and training of home helpers.

  42. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Industrial Safety and Health Law [Law No. 57 of 1972] and the Industrial Accident Prevention Organization Law [Law No. 118 of 1964]. No. 55.

    Adoption: 1992-05-22 | Date of entry into force: 1992-10-01 | JPN-1992-L-31981

    Primary employers in the construction industry must appoint a safety and health supervisor and ensure the safety of related subcontractors in the workplace. In addition, managers are required to take measures to prevent industrial accidents involving construction machines. The Prefectural Labour Standards Offices are given the authority to review construction plans, and their chief may instruct primary employers to require that their supervisors receive training courses.

  43. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order fixing the date of enforcement of the Law amending the Local Autonomy Law [Law No. 29 of 1992]. No. 106.

    Adoption: 1992-04-06 | JPN-1992-R-31813

    Sets 1 May 1992 as the date of entry into force of the Local Autonomy Law concerning the closure of local government bodies on all Saturdays.

  44. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order fixing the date of enforcement of the Law amending the Law concerning Remuneration, Working Hours and Leave of National Public Employees in the Regular Service [Law No. 95 of 1950] and the Law concerning Holidays of Administrative Bodies [Law No. 91 of 1988]. No. 105.

    Adoption: 1992-04-06 | Date of entry into force: 1992-05-01 | JPN-1992-R-31814

  45. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Law concerning Remuneration, Working Hours and Leave of National Public Employees in the Regular Service [Law No. 95 of 1950] and the Law concerning Holidays of Administrative Bodies [Law No. 91 of 1988]. No. 28.

    Adoption: 1992-04-02 | JPN-1992-L-31815

    National Administrative Bodies are to be closed on all Saturdays.

  46. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Local Autonomy Law [Law No. 29 of 1992]. No. 29.

    Adoption: 1992-04-02 | JPN-1992-L-31816

    Pursuant to regulation, all Saturdays shall be established as holidays for local public bodies.

  47. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order amending Cabinet Order No. 171 of 1985 made under the Temporary Measures Law for Laid-off Workers from Coal Mines [Law No. 159 of 1959] and other related Cabinet Orders. No. 102.

    Adoption: 1992-04-01 | Date of entry into force: 1992-04-01 | JPN-1992-R-31171

    The title of the Cabinet Order is revised.

  48. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    Law amending the Temporary Measures Law for Workers Laid Off from Coal Mines [Law No. 159 of 1959] and other related Laws. No. 23.

    Adoption: 1992-03-31 | JPN-1992-L-31174

    The title and purposes of the Act are amended, measures for employment security are established, and the application of the Act is extended until 31 March 2002.

  49. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Personnel Authority Rule (No. 19-0 of 1992) under child-care of National Personnel Law (No. 109 of 1991) and the Pay Law (No. 95 of 1950)

    Adoption: 1992-01-17 | Date of entry into force: 1992-04-01 | JPN-1992-R-29805

    This Rule regulates procedures for child-care leave for national government personnel.

  50. Japan - Specific categories of workers - Law, Act

    National Enterprise Labour Relations Law [Law No 257 of 20 December 1948 as amended through Law No. 37 of 23 April 1991]

    Adoption: 1991-12-20 | Date of entry into force: 1949-06-01 | JPN-1991-L-27775

    The Act establishes the relationship between national enterprises and their employees. While public servants are allowed to organize and bargain collectively, they are not allowed to engage in strikes or work slowdowns. The national enterprise, likewise, may not engage in a lockout (Chapter 4). Chapter 5 covers methods of conciliation, arbitration and mediation of disputes.

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