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Country: Japan - Subject: General provisions

  1. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law amending a part of the Criminal Law and Related Laws (No. 66 of 2005)

    Adoption: 2005-06-22 | Date of entry into force: 2005-07-12 | JPN-2005-L-70859

    Amends certain provisions of the Criminal Law of 1907, Criminal Procedure Law of 1948, and other related laws and expands, inter alia, the definition of abduction to cover human trafficking and raises the penalty of imprisonment from maximum 5 years to 7 years, 10 years in the case of human trafficking for commercial purposes.

  2. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Tribunal Law (Law No. 45 of 2004) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2004-05-12 | JPN-2004-L-67684

    With a view to speeding up the procedure for settlement of labour disputes, the law establishes a Labour Tribunal by constituting a committee in District Courts, which consists of a judge and two independent experts in labour relations. The committee initially tries to resolve labour disputes through conciliation and in the case of its failure it proceeds to a Labour Tribunal procedure. The Labour Tribunal procedure should be rapid and conclude after a maximum three sessions. The decision of the Labour Tribunal has the force of settlement in the court, unless either party raises an objection. When an objection is raised, the Labour Tribunal procedure is transformed into a normal judicial process pending at the Disctrict Court, in which the Labour Tribunal has been set up.

  3. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law amending the Law respecting improvement of labour management in small and medium-sized enterprises to provide security for the workforce.

    Adoption: 1998-12-18 | JPN-1998-L-52607

    The title of the Law is revised to "Law respecting improvement of labour management in small and medium-sized enterprises to provide security for the workforce and to create decent jobs". Special financial assistance for small and medium-sized enterprises which have hired new workers is added to the measures to be taken by the Government.

  4. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law to amend the Labour Standards Law [Law No. 49 of 1947] No. 112.

    Adoption: 1998-09-30 | Date of entry into force: 1999-04-01 | Date of partial entry into force: 2000-04-01 | JPN-1998-L-51494

    Provides that a labour contract may be concluded for a period of up to three years in cases where employers hire workers who have high-level special skills necessary for the development of new products or new technology, or for employees who are over the age of 60. Employers shall not enter into an agreement regarding overtime with a trade union or with a person representing a majority of the workers which is inconsistent with the standards determined by the Minister of Labour. The Minister of Labour shall set the limit of overtime hours for female workers who are taking care of children or other family members at less than 150 hours per year. In cases where workers are engaged in planning at headquarters, the number of hours worked may be deemed to be that determined by a labour-management committee. Children 15 years of age and younger shall not be employed before the end of the school year. Children over 13 years of age may be employed in light labour.

  5. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law to amend the Diet Law [Law No. 79 of 1947] and the other related Laws, No. 126.

    Adoption: 1997-12-19 | JPN-1997-L-50018

    Establishes the Monitoring of Audit Committee by reorganising the Finance Committee (one of the Standing Committees of the House of Representatives). Strengthens the Board of Audit.

  6. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law establishing the Bank Supervising Agency [Law No. 101].

    Adoption: 1997-06-20 | JPN-1997-L-48537

    Establishes the said Agancy in the Government. The aim of this Agency is to protect depositors, insurance contractors, investors, and to improve the monetary system and enhance the flow of securities. For this purpose, this Agency inspects and supervises banks and insurance companies in the private sector.

  7. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law amending the Antimonopoly Law [Law No. 54 of 1947] Law No. 87.

    Adoption: 1997-06-18 | JPN-1997-L-48527

    Amendment to allow for the establishment of a holding company.

  8. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bank of Japan Law. No. 89.

    Adoption: 1997-06-18 | Date of entry into force: 1998-04-01 | JPN-1997-L-48528

  9. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law amending the Commercial Code [Law No. 48 of 1899]. No. 71.

    Adoption: 1997-06-06 | JPN-1997-L-48530

    Amends the procedure concerning mergers.

  10. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order establishing the Human Rights Promotion Council made under the Human Rights Promotion Law [Law No. 120 of 1996] No. 69.

    Adoption: 1997-03-24 | Date of entry into force: 1997-03-25 | JPN-1997-R-47940

    Establishes the Human Rights Promotion Council.

  11. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law for the Promotion of the Human Rights (1996, No. 120).

    Adoption: 1996-12-26 | JPN-1996-L-46958

    Defines the responsibilities of the national authority to promote human rights. Establishes the Human Rights Committee to examine basic measures for the prevention of human rights violations, the promotion of human rights, and rehabilitation of human rights victims.

  12. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Enforcement Regulation for the Code of Civil Procedure [Law No.109 of 1996].

    Adoption: 1996-12-17 | JPN-1996-R-46022

    New regulation following the adoption of new Code of Civil Procedure.

  13. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Supreme Court amending the Regulations relating to the new Code of Civil Procedure and its Implementation Ordinance (No.6).

    Adoption: 1996-12-17 | JPN-1996-R-46023

    Amendments of several regulations following to the adoption of the Code of Civil Procedure.

  14. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law to amend the Election to Public Office Law [Law No. 100 of 1950] (No.102)

    Adoption: 1996-06-26 | Date of entry into force: 1996-06-26 | JPN-1996-L-46009

    Amends election campaign procedures.

  15. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Code of Civil Procedure (No. 109). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1996-06-26 | JPN-1996-L-46010

    Establishment of a new Act [updated version of the previous Code of Civil Procedure [Act No. 29 of 1890]]. Book 1: General Provisions. Chapter 1: Common Rules. Chapter 2: Courts. Chapter 3: Parties. Chapter 4: Costs. Chapter 5: Proceeding. Book 2: Proceedings in the First Instance. Chapter 1: Suit. Chapter 2: Oral Argument and the Preparation thereof. Chapter 3: Evidence. Chapter 4: Judgment. Chapter 5: Closure of the suit other than by decision. Chapter 6: Special Provisions Concerning the Procedure in Large Scale Suit. Chapter 7: Special Provisions Concerning the Procedure in Summary Courts. Book 3: Appeal. Chapter 1: Koso-appeal. Chapter 2: Jokoku-appeal. Chapter 3: Kokoku-appeal. Book 4: Retrial. Book 5: Special Provisions Concerning Litigation of Bills and Cheques. Book 6: Special Provisions Concerning the Procedure in Small Scale Suit. Book 7: Summary Procedure. Book 8: Suspension of Execution.

  16. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law concerning the preparation of the Laws related to the new Code of Civil Procedure (1996, No.110).

    Adoption: 1996-06-26 | JPN-1996-L-46011

    Amendments related to the new Code of Civil Procedure.

  17. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law to amend the Election to Public Office Law [Law No. 100 of 1950]. No. 2.

    Adoption: 1994-02-04 | JPN-1994-L-38717

    Changes the electoral system for members of the House of Representatives from a medium-sized electoral district system to a combination of a minor electoral system (274 seats) and a proportional representation system (226 seats). A party that currently occupies three or more seats in the Diet or has won three or more seats in the previous election is eligible to participate in proportional representation elections. A person may be a candidate under both systems at the same election.

  18. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Special law No. 71 of 1991 respecting migration control of the persons who gave up Japanese nationality by the Peace Treaty [As amended through Law No. 66 of 1992].

    Adoption: 1992 | Date of entry into force: 1991 | JPN-1992-L-39515

    Entitles persons, and their decendants, who had to give up their Japanese nationality by the entry into force of the Peace Treaty with Japan, to remain indefinitely in Japan irrespective of the provisions of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act.

  19. Japan - General provisions - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Notification by the Ministries of Labour and of International Trade and Industry establishing basic guidelines for measures for the Improvement of Labour Management in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises to Secure the Workforce [Law No. 57 of 1991]. No. 1.

    Adoption: 1991-08-15 | JPN-1991-M-28028

    Establishes guidelines under Law No. 57 of 1991 regarding the improvement of labour management in small and medium-sized enterprises, including a reduction of working hours, improvement of work environment, welfare facilities for the workers, improvement of recruitment activities and other measures concerning training, career development, women, and part-time workers.

  20. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Labour amending Ordinance No. 3 of 1975 made under the Employment Insurance Law [Law No. 116 of 1974]. No. 19.

    Adoption: 1991-08-01 | Date of entry into force: 1991-08-01 | JPN-1991-R-28020

    Provisionally applies certain subsidies to Shimabara area (affected by the volcanic activities of the "Unzen").

  21. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry made under the Law respecting the Improvement of Labour Management in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises to Secure the Workforce [Law No. 57 of 1991] No. 37.

    Adoption: 1991-07-31 | Date of entry into force: 1991-08-01 | JPN-1991-R-27916

    Provides for equipment to be covered by 5.11 of the Act.

  22. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Transport amending Ordinance No. 35 of 1987 respecting the application of the Law concerning the Promotion of Local Employment Development [Law No. 23 of 1987] to seafarers.

    Adoption: 1991-07-31 | Date of entry into force: 1991-08-01 | JPN-1991-R-27917

    Technical amendments as a consequence of amendments to the Act.

  23. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Labour and of International Trade and Industry made under the Law respecting the Improvement of Labour Management in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises to Secure the Workforce [Law No. 57 of 1991] No. 3.

    Adoption: 1991-07-31 | Date of entry into force: 1991-08-01 | JPN-1991-R-28017

  24. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Labour amending Ordinance No. 12 of 1987 respecting the enforcement of the Law concerning the Promotion of Local Employment Development [Law No. 23 of 1987]. No. 16.

    Adoption: 1991-07-31 | Date of entry into force: 1991-08-01 | JPN-1991-R-28018

    Amends certain Ordinances of the Ministry of Labour as a consequence of the amendments to the Act.

  25. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinances of the Ministry of Labour made under the Law respecting the Improvement of Labour Management in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises to Secure the Workforce [Law No. 57 of 1991]. Nos. 17 and 18.

    Adoption: 1991-07-31 | Date of entry into force: 1991-08-01 | JPN-1991-R-28019

    Prescribes certain details regarding measures under the Act and amends relevant Ordinances of the Ministry of Labour as a consequence of the enactment of the Act.

  26. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order establishing the date of entry into force of the Law respecting the Improvement of Labour Management in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises to Secure the Workforce [Law No. 57 of 1991]. No. 243.

    Adoption: 1991-07-26 | JPN-1991-R-27914

    Fixes the said date as 1st. August 1991.

  27. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order made under the Law respecting the Improvement of Labour Management in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises to Secure the Workforce [Law No. 57 of 1991]. No. 244.

    Adoption: 1991-07-26 | Date of entry into force: 1991-08-01 | JPN-1991-R-27915

    Determines details of measures under the Act (e.g., loan for building workers' accommodation, training facilities).

  28. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law respecting Improvement of Labour Management in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises to Secure the Workforce [Law No. 57 of 1991]. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1991-05-02 | JPN-1991-L-27880

    Provides for measures to improve working conditions and other welfare measures in small and medium-sized enterprises in order to secure manpower and offset labour shortages. Includes guidelines to be issued by the Government, and special financial assistance for improvement efforts.

  29. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance of the Ministry of Welfare amending Ordinance No. 53 of 1958 made under the National Health Insurance Law [Law No. 192 of 1958]. No. 11.

    Adoption: 1991-03-20 | JPN-1991-R-28051

    Adds a new chapter on premiums.

  30. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order amending Ordinance No. 188 of 1964 made under the Smaller Enterprise Retirement Allowance Mutual Aid Law [Law No. 160 of 1959]. No. 14.

    Adoption: 1991-02-05 | Date of entry into force: 1991-04-01 | JPN-1991-R-28045

    Provides for the transfer of retirement funds when the worker changes employment.

  31. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Commercial Code [Law No. 48 of 9 March 1899 as amended through Law No. 64 of 29 June 1990].

    Adoption: 1990-06-29 | JPN-1990-L-31754

  32. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law amending the Labour Standards Law [Law No. 49 of 1947]. No. 99.

    Adoption: 1987-09-26 | JPN-1987-L-4186

    These amendments deal with maximum hours of work and their distribution, as well as with annual leave. They provide for gradually reducing the statutory hours of work from 48 to 40 per week, with transitional measures foreseen. The changes will also permit workers in certain establishments to work flexible hours in respect to their starting and finishing times. The new provisions extend the period for hours-averaging schemes, and contemplate a maximum working day of ten hours (instead of eight) in certain industries where an agreement to that effect has been reached; pregnant women may not, however, be compelled to work hours in excess of the transitional normal work week and work day. In addition, the statutory entitlement to paid annual leave is to be increased from six to ten working days by 1994 in enterprises normally employing over 300 employees, with proportional entitlement for part time workers. The effective date of the amendments is 1 April 1988, with transitional provisions for small and medium-sized enterprises.

  33. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Cabinet Order amending the Order made under the Law for Employment Promotion of the Disabled [Law No. 123 of 1960]. No. 285.

    Adoption: 1987-08-25 | Date of entry into force: 1988-04-01 | JPN-1987-R-4480

    Amends the title of this Cabinet Order to read "Order made under the Law concerning the Promotion of Employment, etc., of Physically Handicapped Persons". Raises the physically handicapped persons' employment quota to 2 per cent in national and local Government, to 1.9 per cent in Government enterprises, to 1.6 per cent in the private sector and to 1.9 per cent in certain entities with a special legal status. Also raises the standard employment quota to 1.6 per cent; this is the basis for calculating the amount of contributions for the employment of physically handicapped persons.

  34. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law Concerning the Promotion of Local Employment Development [Law No. 23 of 31 March 1987 as amended by Law No. 56 of 2 May 1991].

    Adoption: 1987-03-31 | JPN-1987-L-27787

    Chapter 1: General Provisions Chapter 2: Local Employmnet Development Guidelines and Local Employment Development Program Chapter 3: Measures for Local Employment related to Employment Development Promotion Areas Chapter 4: Measures for Local Employment Development and Prevention of Unemployment, Promotion of Reemployment, etc., Related to Special Employment Development Promotion Areas Chapter 5: Measures for Prevention of Unemployment, Promotion of Reemployment, etc., Related to Emergency Employment Security Areas Chapter 6: Miscellaneous Provisions

  35. Japan - General provisions - International agreement

    Déclaration d'intentions concernant la collaboration entre l'Italie, la France, la Grande Bretagne, les Etats-Unis d'Amérique, la République fédérale allemande, le Japon, le Canada, la Commission de la Communauté européenne sur les matériaux d'avant-garde et les normes correspondantes.

    Adoption: 1986-06-04 | ORG-1986-IA-4411

    Détermine la portée, les buts, les modalités, le financement de la coopération en matière de haute technologie. Fixe également la participation des parties et des autres pays, les modalités de contrôle de l'exécution du programme d'utilisation des résultats de la recherche et les limites de responsabilité de chaque partie. Entrée en vigueur le 2 avril 1987.

  36. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Special Measures Law for Employment Security for Workers in Specified Depressed Industries [Law No. 39 of 17 May 1983 as amended through Law No. 67 of 3 June 1992]

    Adoption: 1983-05-17 | Date of entry into force: 1988-07-01 | JPN-1983-L-27788

    The Law is designed to help stabilize the employment and living conditions of workers employed in specified depressed industries and areas by implementing special measures to prevent unemployment and promote reemployment. Such measures include vocational guidance, vocational training, and job placement.

  37. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Cabinet Order amending Order No. 249 of 1956 made under the Public Corporation and National Enterprise Labour Relations Law. No. 35.

    Adoption: 1981-03-25 | JPN-1981-R-11375

  38. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Copyright Law (1970, No. 48). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1970-05-06 | JPN-1970-L-18544

    Revises the Copyright Act of 1899, bringing it into line with international standards. Provides more protection for self-employed intellectual workers, authors, artists; increases protection period of neighbouring rights to twenty years.

  39. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law respecting the Prevention of Air Pollution. No. 97.

    Adoption: 1968-06-10 | JPN-1968-L-18446

  40. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Corporate Reorganization Law (No. 172 of 1952).

    Adoption: 1952-06-07 | JPN-1952-L-50169

    Consolidated up to Act No. 88 of 1984. Available in English.

  41. Japan - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance implementing the Labour Standards Law (Ordinance of the Ministry of Health and Welfare No. 23 of August 30, 1947). - Japanese Law Translation

    Adoption: 1947-08-30 | JPN-1947-R-85820

  42. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Standards Law (Law No. 49 of 7 April 1947). - English translation

    Adoption: 1947-04-07 | JPN-1947-L-27776

    Chapter 1: General Provisions Chapter 2: Labour Contract Chapter 3: Wages Chapter 4: Working Hours, Rest Periods, Rest Days and Annual Leave with Pay Chapter 5: Safety and Health Chapter 6: Minors Chapter 6-2: Women Chapter 7: Training of Skilled Labourers Chapter 8: Accident Compensation Chapter 9: Rules of Employment Chapter 10: Dormitories Chapter 11: Inspection Bodies Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Provisions Chapter 13: Penal Provisions The text of the original Act was published in the Legislative Series: LS 1947 - Jap. 3.

  43. Japan - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of 1946. - English translation

    Adoption: 1946-11-03 | Date of entry into force: 1947-05-03 | JPN-1946-C-27179

    The forty articles of Chapter 3 guarantee a wide variety of civil, political and fundamental human rights, including freedom from discrimination in employment (Art. 14), prohibition of involuntary servitude (Art 18), the right to work with working conditions fixed by law (Art. 27), and the right of workers to organize and to bargain and act collectively (Art. 28).

  44. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Special Composition Law (No. 14 of 1946).

    Adoption: 1946-10-18 | JPN-1946-L-50171

    Governs bankruptcy proceedings. Available in English.

  45. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Composition Law (No. 72 of 1922).

    Adoption: 1922-04-25 | JPN-1922-L-50170

    Governs procedures in case of bankruptcy.

  46. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bankruptcy Law (No. 71 of 1922).

    Adoption: 1922-04-25 | JPN-1922-L-50172

    Available in English.

  47. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Penal Code [Law No. 45 of 24 April 1907 as amended through Law No. 52 of 2 June 1987] - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1907 | JPN-1987-L-31753

    Provides for sentences for both imprisonment with as well as without labour. Chapter XXXIII (Crimes of Kidnapping and Buying or Selling of Human Beings) deals with trafficking.

  48. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law concerning the Application of Laws (Law No. 10 of 1898).

    Adoption: 1898-06-21 | JPN-1898-L-57568

    Makes provision for effective date of statutes, customs, legal capacity, incompetency, quasi-incompetency, adjudication of disappearance, formation and effects of legal transactions, formalities of legal transactions, legal transactions between different jurisdictions, possessory interests and other interests to be registered, elements and effects of obligations arising by operation of law, assignment of debts, requirements for marriage, effects of marriage, marital property system, divorce, establishment of legitimacy of children, illegitimate children, legitimation, adption, legal relationship between parents and children, formalities of legal acts concerning family relationship, relationship among relatives, guardianship, curatorship, succession, wills, law of home state, law of domicile, law of permanent residence, personal laws, renvoi, public policy, and support and formalities of wills.

  49. Japan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Civil Code [Law No. 89 of 27 April, 1896, as amended through Law No. 101 of 26 September, 1987] - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1896-04-27 | JPN-1896-L-31752


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