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Country: Canada - Subject: Constitutional law

  1. Canada - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Fair Elections Act (S.C. 2014, c. 12). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2014-06-19 | CAN-2014-L-96458

    This enactment amends the Canada Elections Act ("the Act") to require the thief Electoral Officer to issue interpretation notes and guidelines on the application of that Act to registered parties, registered associations, nomination contestants, candidates and leadership contestants. It also requires the Chief electoral Officer, on request, to issue a written opinion on the application of
    provisions of the Act to an activity or practice that a registered party, registered association, nomination contestant, candidate or leadership contestant proposes
    to engage in.
    The enactment also modifies the Chief Electoral Officer's power under section 17 of the Act so that the power may only be exercised to allow electors to exercise their right to vote or to allow votes to be counted. It also limits the
    Chief Electoral Officer's power to transmit advertising messages to electors and requires the Chief Electoral Officer to ensure that any information so transmitted is accessible to electors with disabilities.
    The enactment further amends the Act to permit the Chief Electoral Officer to seek approval from parliamentary committees to test an alternative voting process (but where such a pilot project is to test a form of electronic voting, the Chief Electoral Officer must first obtain the approval of the Senate and House of Commons). The enactment also eliminates the mandatory retirement of the Chief Electoral Officer at age 65 and replaces it with a 10-year non-renewable term. It provides for the establishment of an Advisory Committee of Political Parties to provide advice to the Chief Electoral Officer on matters relating to elections and political financing. The enactment also amends the Act to provide for the appointment of field liaison officers, based on merit, to provide support to returning officers and provide a link between returning officers and the
    Office of the Chief Electoral Officer. It also enables the Chief Electoral Officer to temporarily suspend a returning officer during an election period and provides for the appointment of additional election officers at polling stations.
    Finally, it empowers registered parties and registered associations, in addition to candidates, to provide names of individuals for election officer positions and changes the deadline for providing those names from the 17th day before
    polling day to the 24th day before polling day.

  2. Canada - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Representation Act, 2005 [S.O. 2005, c. 35.]. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2005 | CAN-2005-C-89104

    Deals with the establishment of electoral districts in the different areas of Ontario.

    Schedule 1 amends the Constitution Act.

  3. Canada - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Clarity Act, 2000 (S.C. 2000, c. 26).

    Adoption: 2000-06-29 | CAN-2000-L-80952

    Gives effect to the requirement of clarity as set out in the opinion of the Supreme Court of Canada in the Quebec Secession Reference.

  4. Canada - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Constitutional Amendments [S.C. 1996, c. 1]. - Laws in French and English

    Adoption: 1996-02-02 | CAN-1996-L-44590

    Provides that no Minister of the Crown shall propose a motion for a resolution to authorize an amendment to the Constitution, other than an amendment in respect of which the legislative assembly of a province may exercise a veto under ss. 41 or 43 of the Constitution Act, 1982, or may express its dissent under ss. 38(3) of that Act, unless the amendment has first been consented to by a majority of specified provinces.

  5. Canada - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Constitution Act [RSBC 1996] Chapter 66. - Legislation on-line (consolidated)

    Adoption: 1996 | CAN-1996-L-76795

    Sets out the provisions concerning the organisation of the Government and legislative assembly.

  6. Canada - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Public Documents Act [R.S.C., 1985, c. P-28] - Legislation on-line in French and English

    Adoption: 1985 | CAN-1985-L-89046

    An Act respecting public documents and the correction of defective letters patent.

  7. Canada - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Constitution Act 1982 [30 & 31 Victoria, c. 3. (U.K.)] [Consolidation of the Constitutional Acts of 1867 and 1982]. - Consolidation of the 1867 and 1982 Acts Loi constitutionnelle de 1982 Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

    Adoption: 1982-04-17 | CAN-1982-C-10359

    Consolidation of the Constitutional Acts from 1867-1982.

    Part I. Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
    Part II. Rights of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
    Part IV. Constitutional Conference
    Part IV.I. Constitutional Conferences
    Part V. Procedure for Amending Constitution of Canada
    Part VI. Amendment to the Constitution Act, 1867
    Part VII. General

  8. Canada - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Parliament of Canada Act [P-1]. - Laws in French and English

    Adoption: 1875 | CAN-1875-L-85988

    Provides that "parliament shall not determine or be dissolved by the demise of the Crown and, notwithstanding the demise, shall continue, and may meet, convene and sit, proceed and act, in the same manner as if that demise had not happened" (article 2). Sets out the privileges, immunities and powers of the parliament as well as the roles of the Senate and the House of Commons. Also sets out the remuneration for members of parliament.

  9. Canada - Constitutional law - Constitution

    The Constitution Act, 1867 (UK). - Constitution on-line Department of Justice

    Adoption: 1867-03-29 | CAN-1867-C-80951

    I. Preliminary
    II. Union
    III. Executive Power
    IV. Legislative Power
    V. Provincial Constitutions
    VI. Distribution of Legislative Powers
    VII. Judicature
    VIII. Revenues; Debts; Assets; Taxation
    IX. Miscellaneous Provisions
    X. Intercolonial Railway
    XI. Admission of Other Colonies

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