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Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation

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Country: Afghanistan

  1. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Juvenile Code. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2004-09 | AFG-2004-L-70278

    Regulates the procedures to be taken with children who violate the law and also those who are at risk or in need of care and protection (Chapters 1-3). It also covers their rights with respect to procedures in court and investigations, the functions of juvenile correction and rehabilitation centres and other social services (Chapter 4), a code of conduct for children with irregular behaviour (Chapter 5), procedures for assistance to children in need of care and protection (Chapter 6) and guardianship (Chapter 7).

  2. Afghanistan - - Constitution

    Constitution of Afghanistan, 1382 (2004) (قانون اساسی افغانستان) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2004-01-04 | AFG-2004-C-66413

    Chapter one: The State
    Chapter two: Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens
    Chapter three: The President
    Chapter four: The Government
    Chapter five: The National Assembly
    Chapter six: The Loya Jirga
    Chapter seven: The Judiciary
    Chapter eight: The Administrative Division
    Chapter nine: The State of Emergency
    Chapter ten: Amendments
    Chapter eleven: Miscellaneous Provisions
    Chapter twelve: Transitional Provisions

  3. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Interim Criminal Procedure Code for Courts. (قانون اجراآت جزایی مؤقت محاکم) - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2004 | AFG-2004-L-86570

    Chapter 1 - General Provisions
    Chapter 2 - Common Provisions for the Suspect and the Accused
    Chapter 3 - Reporting of Crimes and Role of the Saranwal
    Chapter 4 - Jurisdiction of the Courts
    Chapter 5 - Duties and Jurisdiction of Judicial Police
    Chapter 6 - Investigation Performed by the Saranwal
    Chapter 7 - Notification of the Deeds and Representation During the Investigations
    Chapter 8 - The Trial
    Chapter 9 - Appeal Procedure
    Chapter 10 - Recourse to the Supreme Court
    Chapter 11 - Review of Court Sentences
    Chapter 12 - Execution of Courts' Final Decisions
    Chapter 13 - Conditional Release
    Chapter 14 - Problems of Execution
    Chapter 15 - Miscellaneous Provisions

  4. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Law on Gatherings, Strikes, and Demonstrations, 2003. (قانون اجتماعات، اعتصابات و تظاهرات) - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2003-01 | AFG-2003-L-86579

    Provides, inter alia, that citizens have the right to hold gatherings, strikes, and demonstrations without the bearings of weapons for the realization of their peaceful and lawful goals that are not contrary to national unity and the provisions of the Constitution. Sets out the obligations of the various parties with respect to strikes, gatherings and demonstrations.

  5. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Presidency of the Interim Administration of Afghanistan on the Establishment of an Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, 2002. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2002-06-06 | AFG-2002-R-86568

    Establishes the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC). Sets out its functions and composition.

  6. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Official Decree of the President of the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan on the approval of the Law on Social Organizations (Decree No. 152 of 2002).

    Adoption: 2002-01-27 | AFG-2002-R-85503

    Approves the Law on Social Organizations. Establishes a department within the Ministry of Justice the purpose of which is to coordinate the application processing, statutes, and registration of Social Organizations.

  7. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Law on Social Organizations.

    Adoption: 2002-01-27 | Date of entry into force: 2003-01-12 | AFG-2002-L-85504

    Repeals the Law on Social Organization published in issue number 714 of the Official Gazette, dated April 19, 1990.

    Chapter 1 - General Provisions
    Chapter 2 - Establishment and Operation of Social Organizations
    Chapter 3 - Dissolution and Termination of Activities of Social Organizations
    Chapter 4 - Miscellaneous Provisions

  8. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Interministerial Decree No. 241 of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan on part-time work performed on a daily or a weekly basis, piecework and job work.

    Adoption: 1987-11-17 | AFG-1987-R-6708

    Decree issued under s. 38 of the Labour Code to govern work performed at the workplace or at home by women, partially disabled persons, retired persons and other categories. Part-time work shall be at least three hours per day, or three days per week; rest periods shall not be included in working hours, except for nursing mothers. The hourly wage may not be lower than the minimum wage. Available in English.

  9. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Interministerial Decree No. 240 of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan on night work.

    Adoption: 1987-11-17 | AFG-1987-R-6709

    Decree issued under s. 81 of the Labour Code. A committee shall be responsible for setting forth the way in which the Decree shall be applied. The number of hours of night work shall be one hour less than the number of normal hours of work. Night work is prohibited in principle for women and young persons. Night work shall give rise to hourly wage supplements. Available in English.

  10. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Interministerial Decree No. 226 of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan on the distribution of work clothes and personal protective equipment.

    Adoption: 1987-11-10 | AFG-1987-R-6705

    Decree issued under ss. 117 and 118 of the Labour Code, regarding the distribution of work clothes and the protection of workers against accidents and pollution. Contains provisions on the type and characteristics of such clothing and equipment, the respective duties of the administration, trade unions and employees, the circumstances under which it is necessary to distribute work clothes and the requirements for using protective devices. Available in English.

  11. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Interministerial Decree No. 230 of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan on overtime work.

    Adoption: 1987-11-10 | AFG-1987-R-6706

    Decree issued in practical application of s. 53(2) of the Labour Code. A three-member committee in each work unit shall supervise payments for overtime. The Decree lays down the conditions for payment and method of calculating overtime hours. Overtime hours performed on holidays shall be remunerated at double the rate for regular hours, but it shall be prohibited to perform overtime work on certain holidays. The total payment for overtime work may not exceed the employee's monthly wage. Various provisions of the Decree cover officials, workers and service staff. Available in English.

  12. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Interministerial Decree No. 231 of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, on the adoption of a system of wages and performance bonuses for workers in the coal industry.

    Adoption: 1987-11-10 | AFG-1987-R-6707

    Available in English.

  13. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Interministerial Decree No. 105 of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan instituting a bonus payment for work performed under unfavourable climatic or socio-cultural conditions.

    Adoption: 1987-06-16 | AFG-1987-R-6704

    The Decree has the aim of compensating and encouraging persons who accept work in regions in which the economic, cultural and social conditions are substandard and in areas where the climate is unhealthy, harmful to health and dangerous for the physical and moral well-being of the staff. The Decree applies to various categories of employees. The provisions in question distinguish between regional conditions which are unfavourable from an economic, social and cultural point of view and conditions linked to the climate of certain areas of the country. The Decree contains three chapters and 11 tables showing the indices for the bonuses to be granted in respect of each region. Available in English.

  14. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Ordinance No. 103 of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan to adopt the Labour Code.

    Adoption: 1987-06-11 | AFG-1987-R-6702

    The ordinance includes seven sections devoted to definitions and general principles of social law.
    The Code contains 178 sections divided into 17 chapters as follows:
    1. General provisions
    2. Collective Agreement
    3. Employment and Labour Contract
    4. Vocational Training, Raising of Skill and Apprenticeship
    5. Hours of Work
    6. Right to Rest and Leave
    7. Wages
    8. Labour Standards
    9. Labour Discipline
    10. Worker's Financial Responsibility
    11. Provision of Health and Occupational Safety Standards
    12. Work of women and young people
    13. Labour disputes
    14. Trade Unions, Traders, Guilds, Workers Participation in Labour and Production Management
    15. Social security
    16. Inspection and Control of Compliance with Work-related Legislative Documents
    17. Final Provisions

  15. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree on the principal standards governing occupational safety and methods of prevention.

    Adoption: 1987 | AFG-1987-R-6703

    Decree issued under s. 115 of the Labour Code. It sets forth a range of occupational safety and health standards which are to be adopted where applicable in various sectors of activity in accordance with their special features. The five Chapters are entitled as follows: 1. General provisions; 2. Duties and responsibilities of the administration (establishment of competent services, information, training, guidance, etc.); 3. Standards and principal rules on prevention and occupational safety techniques in production centres (hygiene, protective measures, installations, automation, etc.); 4. Individual safety and protective equipment; 5. Final provisions.

  16. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree issuing Regulations pertaining to the Students' Work Brigade.

    Adoption: 1985-07-08 | AFG-1985-R-3841

    The purpose of the brigades is to have students participate in construction, industrial and agricultural projects during their annual holidays. The Regulations cover organisation, social and political activities, safety of members, the provision of health facilities, administrative and financial aspects, etc.

  17. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Council of Ministers concerning the organisation (administration) of commercial plants.

    Adoption: 1985-06-05 | AFG-1985-R-4055

    Consists of 55 sections covering general rules, capital, financial affairs, administrative organs, obligations, jurisdiction, accounting and reporting affairs, reorganisation, dissolution, liquidation, etc.

  18. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Executive Body of the Revolutionary Council concerning the application of the Law pertaining to Local Authorities and Government Agencies.

    Adoption: 1985-06-03 | AFG-1985-R-4053

    The Law consists in 99 sections, covering, inter alia, general rules, election of local councils, obligations and jurisdictions of the councils and people's representatives, organisation, and executive committees.

  19. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree containing model by-laws for profit-making limited liability companies.

    Adoption: 1985-03-11 | AFG-1985-R-4052

    Covers purpose of formation, executive organs, shareholders, ordinary and extraordinary meetings, capital, financial and accounting matters, etc.

  20. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree issuing Regulations pertaining to internal inspection offices in ministries and government departments.

    Adoption: 1985-02-13 | AFG-1985-R-4056

    Covers general rules, duties of offices, organisation of activities, reporting, etc.

  21. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Public Health Law.

    Adoption: 1984-02-16 | AFG-1984-L-3840

    Covers conditions governing physicians, paramedical staff and pharmacists, clinical services, protection of maternal and child health, epidemiological services, medical examinations, etc.

  22. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree containing Appendix No. 4 of the Regulations pertaining to the classification and recruitment of workers.

    Adoption: 1984-01-16 | AFG-1984-R-3839

    Covers wages, allowances, promotions, etc.

  23. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree to amend section 20 of the Law concerning private domestic and foreign investment.

    Adoption: 1983-11-10 | AFG-1983-R-5116

    Gives the composition and functions of the committee on change of investments.

  24. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree issuing Regulations pertaining to punitive actions against judges.

    Adoption: 1983-09-07 | AFG-1983-R-5115

    Deals with negligence of judges in discharging their duties and engaging in investigations; covers punishable offences, competent authorities to deal with cases, findings, etc.

  25. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree containing the articles of association of the Non-profit-making Organisation for the Rehabilitation of Handicapped Persons.

    Adoption: 1983-01-27 | AFG-1983-R-5113

    Approved to rehabilitate physically, mentally and emotivelly disabled persons through plastic surgery, training, use of artificial limbs, etc.; covers the establishment, objectives, capital and financial aspects of the organisation.

  26. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Cooperative Law No. 504.

    Adoption: 1982-03-20 | AFG-1982-L-32056

  27. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Council of Ministers issuing Regulations pertaining to state inspection services for commercial affairs.

    Adoption: 1981-03-11 | AFG-1981-R-5117

    Consists of 23 sections covering establishment, organisation, duties, jurisdiction, submission of complaints, etc.

  28. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Penal Code 1976. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1976-09-22 | AFG-1976-L-105007

  29. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Cooperative Act

    Adoption: 1974-11-23 | AFG-1974-L-32057

    Under the Act, a cooperative is an association of persons who have voluntarily joined together to achieve a common social and economic end through the formation of a democratically managed and controlled organization. Provisions are made for the establishment of a department of cooperative developement which provides assistance, guidance and advice relating to the organization, management, coordination and integrated functionning of cooperatives. Conditions for registration include a membership of at least eleven individuals and the approval of the registrar , (whereas conditions for registration of a secondary cooperative include a membership of at least three cooperators It sets forth the criteria for membership (as well as its termination) and lists the shares it may hold. Other provisions cover the management and organization of cooperatives, general meetings, the managing committee, capital and financial affairs, accounts and audit, settlement of disputes, inspection and inquiry. Specifies that a cooperative may grant loans to its members as well as to another cooperative.

  30. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Foreign and Domestic Private Investment Law, 1974.

    Adoption: 1974-06-10 | AFG-1974-L-59882

    Seeks to encourage, protect, guide and control private investment. Provides for characteristics of desirable investment; qualifications of private investments; scope of private investments; benefits and prerogatives; proper use of benefits; capital, profit and debt service repatriation; licensing fees for patents and know-how; non-discrimination according to nationality of capital; evaluation of investment in kind and intangibles; repatriation of expatriate salaries; equal treatment of foreign and Afghan nationals; accounting and auditing; sale of shares; transfer of proceeds of sale of shares and of liquidation; limitation of foreign equity; government purchase of local products; expropriation; disputes; investment committee composition and operation; and single license and import-export restrictions.

  31. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Law on Civil Service (No. 173).

    Adoption: 1971-03-10 | AFG-1971-L-59881

    Comprehensive legislation on civil service. Deals with prerequisites for entrance into civil service, attribution of rank, obligations of civil servants, sick leave, promotion, types of civil service positions, appreciation and retribution, discipline, termination of service, pension and retirement, rights of disabled civil servant, death of civil servant, coordination of civil service and government and private enterprise ranks, as well as some related matters.

  32. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Law on State Contract-Employees, 1971.

    Adoption: 1971 | AFG-1971-L-59884

    Regulates state contract employment. Provides for duration of service, preconditions of service, rights and duties of parties of contract, termination of contract, calculation of wage, cash sickness benefit, hours of work, sick leave, holiday, overtime, retirement and pension, disability benefit, employment accident benefit, and discipline.

  33. Afghanistan - - Law, Act

    Law of Tasadys.

    Adoption: 1970 | AFG-1970-L-59883

    Regulates tasadys, which are profit or non-profit legal entities. Provides for organisation of tasady (Chapter 2), authority and duties of head and management of tasadys (Chapter 3), financial affairs and balance sheet (Chapter 4), and liquidation and account settlement (Chapter 5). Date of text uncertain.

  34. Afghanistan - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations: Conditions of Employment.

    Adoption: 1946-01-16 | AFG-1946-R-60140

    Deals with various aspectes of labour relations. Chapter I regulates conditions of employment, labour contract, and apprenticeship contract. Chapter II provides for wages, employment accident benefit, cash sickness benefit, invalidity benefit, welfare fund, death allowance, and survivor's benefit. Chapter III deals with obligations of workers, employers and apprentices, as well as discipline, holidays, sick leave, and unjustified absence. Chapter IV regulates termination of contract of employment and apprenticeship contract; Chapter V hours of work. Chapter VI provides for prevention of accidents, and Chapter VII for hygiene at the workplace.

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