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Subject: Indigenous and tribal peoples

  1. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Helping Expedite and Advance Responsible Tribal Home Ownership Act of 2012, Public Law 112-151 [H.R. 205] - The HEARTH Act of 2012. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2012-07-30 | USA-2012-L-92401

    An Act to amend the Act titled "An Act to authorize the leasing of restricted Indian lands for public, religious, educational, recreational, residential, business, and other purposes requiring the grant of long-term leases", approved August 9, 1955, to provide for Indian tribes to enter into certain leases without prior express approval from the Secretary of the Interior, and for other purposes.

  2. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Native American Heritage Day Act of 2009 (P.L. 111-33 [H.J. Res. 40]). - Act on-line

    Adoption: 2009-06-26 | USA-2009-L-82118

    Joint resolution which designates the Friday following thanksgiving of every year as Native American Heritage Day. It encourages the federal government, state governments and other interested groups to develop activities that will honor Native Americans.

  3. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Native American Home Ownership Opportunity Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-37 [H.R. 1676].

    Adoption: 2007-06-18 | USA-2007-L-78627

    Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1715z-13(a)(i)) reauthorizing the program of the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development for loan guarantees for Native American housing.

  4. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indian Tribal Justice Technical and Legal Assistance Act 2000 (Pub. L 106-559).

    Adoption: 2000-12-21 | USA-2000-L-59102

    Makes provision for technical and legal assistance to tribal justice systems and members of Indian tribes, as well as for some related matters.

  5. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Financial Assistance and Social Programs Rules (25 CFR Part 20).

    Adoption: 2000-10-20 | Date of entry into force: 2000-10-20 | USA-2000-R-57683

    Promulgated by Bureau of Indian Affairs. Amends existing Financial Assistance and Social Services Program regulations to incorporate rules for adult care, assistance, burial assistance, child assistance, disaster assistance, emergency assistance, general assistance, services to children, elderly and families, tribal welfare program, and tribal work experience program.

  6. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Tribal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program and Native Employment Works Program Rules (45 CFR Parts 286 and 287).

    Adoption: 2000-06-19 | Date of entry into force: 2000-06-19 | USA-2000-R-56432

    Provides for the implementation of key tribal provisions of the welfare block grant program enacted in 1996. Particular emphasis is put on moving recipients of assistance programs into work.

  7. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Law and Order on Indian Reservations Rule (25 CFR Part 11)

    Adoption: 1993-10-20 | Date of entry into force: 1993-11-22 | USA-1993-R-35199

    Revises the regulations of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) governing Courts of Indian Offences to provide those courts with a complete and updated code of laws, and to clarify the jurisdiction of those courts and their relationship to tribal governments and the Department of the Interior.

  8. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Indian Housing: Revised Consolidated Program Regulations (24 CFR Parts 905 and 965)

    Adoption: 1992-06-05 | Date of entry into force: 1992-10-01 | USA-1992-R-29984

    Applies to native Indian housing, and concerns conditions for allocation of housing and related matters.

  9. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990. Public Law 101-644 (H.R. 2006).

    Adoption: 1990-11-29 | USA-1990-L-22364

    Expands the powers of the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, and for other purposes, including amendments to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act.

  10. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act of 1990. Public Law 101-625 (S.566).

    Adoption: 1990-11-28 | USA-1990-L-22360

    Authorizes a new HOME Investment Partnerships program, a National Homeownership Trust program, and Homeownership and Opportunity for People Everywhere programs, amends and extends certain laws relating to housing, community and neighborhood preservation, and related programs (including support for programs for the elderly, the disabled, persons with AIDS, and for indigenous peoples), and for other purposes.

  11. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Miscellaneous Indian Legislation. Public Law 101-630 (H.R. 3703).

    Adoption: 1990-11-28 | USA-1990-L-22362

    Authorizes the conveyance of a certain parcel of land owned by a recognized Indian Tribe; establishing an Indian Forest and Woodlands Resources Management plan under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior; incorporating an "Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act"; and amending the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, among other things.

  12. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. Public Law 101-601 (H.R. 5237).

    Adoption: 1990-11-16 | USA-1990-L-22344

  13. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Fallon Paiute Shoshone Indian Tribes Water Rights Settlement Act of 1990. Public Law 101-618 (S. 3084).

    Adoption: 1990-11-16 | USA-1990-L-22357

    Provides for the settlement of water rights claims of the Fallon Paiute Shoshone Indian Tribes and for other purposes.

  14. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Clean Air Act, Amendments. Public Law 101-549 (S. 1630).

    Adoption: 1990-11-15 | USA-1990-L-22337

    Amendments to the Clean Air Act in order to provide for the attainment and maintenance of health protective national ambient air quality standards, and for other purposes, including local controls by Indian tribes.

  15. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Disadvantaged Minority Health Improvement Act of 1990. Public Law 101-527 (H.R. 5702).

    Adoption: 1990-11-06 | USA-1990-L-21851

    Amends the Public Health Service Act to improve the health of individuals who are members of minority groups and who are from disadvantaged backgrounds, and for other purposes. Title XVII of the Public Health Service Act (42 USC 300u et seq.) is amended to provide for the establishment of the Office of Minority Health responsible inter alia for setting short-term and long-term objectives and co-ordinating disease prevention, service delivery, research, etc in respect of the health concerns of persons from disadvantaged backgrounds, including racial and ethnic minorities, and for increasing their participation in health service and promotion programmes. Consequent provisions are made for the funding of these activities, and a special grant scheme is established to provide primary health services, including health screenings, and health counselling and education services to residents of public housing, subject to certain requirements. Grants are also to be made available to health profession schools for the purpose of assisting them in supporting "programs of excellence in health professions education for minority individuals" and in providing scholarships to disadvantaged students.

  16. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Seneca Nation Settlement Act of 1990. Public Law 101-503 (H.R. 5367).

    Adoption: 1990-11-03 | USA-1990-L-22368

    Provides for the renegotiation of certain leases of the Seneca Nation, and for other purposes.

  17. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indian Education Programs; Native American Languages Act. Public Law 101-477 (S. 2167).

    Adoption: 1990-10-30 | USA-1990-L-21366

    Reauthorizes the Tribally Controlled Community College Assistance Act of 1978 and the Navajo Community College Act. The Act contains, inter alia, a statement of policy for the preservation, protection and promotion of the rights and freedom of Native Americans to use, practice and develop Native American languages, and provisions for instruction in such languages.

  18. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indian Environmental Regulatory Enhancement Act of 1990. Public Law 101-408 (S. 2075).

    Adoption: 1990-10-04 | USA-1990-L-21370

    Authorizes grants to improve the capability of Indian tribal governments to regulate environmental quality. Amends the Native American Programs Act of 1974.

  19. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act Amendments of 1990. Public Law 101-392 (H.R. 7).

    Adoption: 1990-09-25 | USA-1990-L-21368

    Amends the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act to improve the provision of services under the Act and to extend the authorities contained therein through the fiscal year 1995, and for other purposes. The Act is designed to enhance the world-wide economic competitiveness of the United States by developing more fully the academic and occupational skills of all segments of the population, primarily by concentrating resources on the improvement of educational programs geared to work in a technologically advanced society. Special provision is made for appropriations to be allocated to Indian and Hawaiian natives programs. Generally, unprecedented emphasis is given to the allocation of resources directly to local school districts or area vocational schools, ie. the local level.

  20. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    New Lands Grazing Regulations (25 CFR Part 700)

    Adoption: 1990-09-07 | Date of entry into force: 1990-09-14 | USA-1990-R-20956

    Interim final regulations to amend grazing regulations for the lands acquired under Public Law 96-305 for the use of Navajo families required to relocate under Public Law 93-531.

  21. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Review of Tribal Constitutions and Bylaws Act. Public Law 100-581 (H.R. 2677).

    Adoption: 1988-11-01 | USA-1988-L-7472

    Establishes procedures for review under the Act of 18 June 1934 (48 Stat. 987).

  22. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act Amendments of 1988. Public Law 100-472 (H.R. 1223).

    Adoption: 1988-10-05 | USA-1988-L-7461

    Various amendments to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (88 Stat. 2203, 25 USC 450 et seq.).

  23. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indian Education Acts: Amendments. Public Law 100-427 (H.R. 5174).

    Adoption: 1988-09-09 | USA-1988-L-7058

  24. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indian Housing Act of 1988. Public Law 100-358 (H.R. 3927). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1988-06-28 | USA-1988-L-6779

    Amends the United States Housing Act of 1937 (USC title 42) by adding new title II, establishing a separate programme to provide housing assistance to Indians and Alaska Natives.

  25. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Vocational Training for Adult Indians Rule (25 CFR Part 27)

    Adoption: 1984 | USA-1984-R-374

  26. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Special Federal Programs and Responsibilities Under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act - Indian Manpower Programs Rule (29 CFR Part 97)

    Adoption: 1974-06-19 | USA-1974-R-15313

  27. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    An Act to authorize the leasing of restricted Indian lands for public, religious, educational, recreational, residential, business, and other purposes requiring the grant of long-term leases. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1955-08-09 | USA-1955-L-92403

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any restricted Indian lands, whether tribally or individually owned, may be leased by the Indian owners, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, for public, religious, educational, recreational, residential, or business purposes, including the development or utilization of natural resources in connection with operations under such leases, for grazing purposes, and for those farming purposes which require the making of a substantial investment in the improvement of the land for the production of specialized crops as determined by said Secretary. All leases so granted shall be for a term of not to exceed twenty-five years, excepting leases for grazing purposes, which shall be for a term of not to exceed ten years. Leases for public, religious, educational, recreational, residential, or business purposes with the consent of both parties may include provisions authorizing their renewal for one additional term of not to exceed twenty-five years, and all leases and renewals shall be made under such terms and regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior.

    SEC. 2.
    Restricted lands of deceased Indians may be leased under this Act, for the benefit of their heirs or devisees, in the circumstances and by the persons prescribed in the Act of July 8, 1940 (54 Stat. 745; 25 U. S. C., 1946 edition, sec. 380, as amended): Provided, That if the authority of the Secretary under this section is delegated to any subordinate official, then any heir or devisee shall have the right to appeal the action of any such official to the Secretary under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe.

    SEC. 3.
    The Act of March 3, 1909 (35 Stat. 783; 25 U. S. C. 396) is amended by inserting before the period at the end thereof the following proviso: ": Provided, That if the said allottee is deceased and the heirs to or devisees of any interest in the allotment have not been determined, or, if determined, some or all of them cannot be located, the Secretary of the Interior may offer for sale leases for mining purposes to the highest responsible qualified bidder, at public auction, or on sealed bids, after notice and advertisement, upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe. The Secretary of the Interior shall have the right to reject all bids whenever in his judgment the interests of the Indians will be served by so doing, and to readvertise such lease for sale".

    SEC. 4.
    No rent or other consideration for the use of land leased under this Act shall be paid or collected more than one year in advance, unless so provided in the lease.

    SEC. 5.
    The Secretary of the Interior shall approve no lease pursuant to this Act that contains any provision that will prevent or delay a termination of Federal trust responsibilities with respect to the land during the term of the lease.

    SEC. 6.
    Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed to repeal any authority to lease restricted Indian lands conferred by or pursuant to any other provision of law.

    Approved, August 9, 1955.

  28. United States - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    U.S.C. TITLE 25 - Indians. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1940-07-08 | USA-1940-L-92402

    Summary of Title as amended to 01/03/2012.

    Chapter 1 - Bureau of Indian Affairs
    Chapter 2 - Officers of Indian Affairs
    Chapter 2a - Indian Claims Commission
    Chapter 3 - Agreements With Indians
    Chapter 4 - Performance By United States of Obligations to Indians
    Chapter 5 - Protection of Indians
    Chapter 6 - Government of Indian Country and Reservations
    Chapter 7 - Education of Indians
    Chapter 7a - Promotion of Social and Economic Welfare
    Chapter 8 - Rights-Of-Way Through Indian Lands
    Chapter 9 - Allotment of Indian Lands
    Chapter 10 - Descent and Distribution; Heirs of Allottee
    Chapter 11 - Irrigation of Allotted Lands
    Chapter 12 - Lease, Sale, Or Surrender of Allotted Or Unallotted Lands
    Chapter 13 - Ceded Indian Lands
    Chapter 14 - Miscellaneous
    Chapter 15 - Constitutional Rights of Indians
    Chapter 16 - Distribution of Judgment Funds
    Chapter 17 - Financing Economic Development of Indians and Indian Organizations
    Chapter 18 - Indian Health Care
    Chapter 19 - Indian Land Claims Settlements
    Chapter 20 - Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities Assistance
    Chapter 21 - Indian Child Welfare
    Chapter 22 - Bureau of Indian Affairs Programs
    Chapter 23 - Development of Tribal Mineral Resources
    Chapter 24 - Indian Land Consolidation
    Chapter 25 - Old Age Assistance Claims Settlement
    Chapter 26 - Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment
    Chapter 27 - Tribally Controlled School Grants
    Chapter 28 - Indian Education Program
    Chapter 29 - Indian Gaming Regulation
    Chapter 30 - Indian Law Enforcement Reform
    Chapter 31 - Native American Languages
    Chapter 32 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation
    Chapter 32a - Cultural and Heritage Cooperation Authority
    Chapter 33 - National Indian Forest Resources Management
    Chapter 34 - Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention
    Chapter 35 - Indian Higher Education Programs
    Chapter 36 - Indian Employment, Training and Related Services
    Chapter 37 - Indian Energy
    Chapter 38 - Indian Tribal Justice Support
    Chapter 38a - Indian Tribal Justice Technical and Legal Assistance
    Chapter 39 - American Indian Agricultural Resource Management
    Chapter 40 - Indian Dams Safety
    Chapter 41 - Indian Lands Open Dump Cleanup
    Chapter 42 - American Indian Trust Fund Management Reform
    Chapter 43 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination
    Chapter 44 - Native American Business Development, Trade Promotion, and Tourism

  29. Uruguay - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 18589 que declara el 11 de abril de cada año Día de la Nación Charrúa y de la Identidad Indígena. - Presidencia

    Adoption: 2009-09-18 | URY-2009-L-96102

    Dispone que en esa fecha, el Poder Ejecutivo y la Administración Nacional de Educación Pública dispondrán la ejecución o coordinación de acciones públicas que fomenten la información y sensibilización de la ciudadanía sobre el aporte indígena a la identidad nacional, los hechos históricos relacionados a la nación charrúa y lo sucedio en Salsipuedes en 1831.

  30. Vanuatu - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Customary Land Tribunal (Amendment) Act (No 2 of 2011). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2011-08-23 | VUT-2011-L-92303

    Makes the following amendments:

    - Subsection 3(1) (definition of Director): Delete the definition, substitute "Director General means the Director General responsible for land tribunal;"
    - Subsection 3(1) (definition of Minister): Delete "lands", substitute "land tribunal"
    - Subsection 34(2): After "Director", insert "General"
    - Paragraph 38(1)(c): After "Director", insert "General"
    - Section 40 (Heading): After "Director", insert "General"
    - Subsection 40(1), paragraphs 40(1)(a), (b), (d), subsections 40(2) and (3)
    - After "Director" (wherever occurring), insert "General"

  31. Vanuatu - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    National Council of Chiefs Act 2006 (Act No. 23 of 2006). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2006-09-11 | VUT-2006-L-88509

    An Act to establish the National Council of Chiefs, the Island Councils of Chiefs throughout Vanuatu and the Urban Councils of Chiefs in the urban areas and for related purposes.

  32. Vanuatu - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Customary Land Tribunal Act [Cap. 271] (Act No. 7 of 2001). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2001-12-10 | VUT-2001-L-92302

    Part 1 - Preliminary
    Part 2 - Village Land Tribunals
    Part 3 - Custom Sub-Area Land Tribunals
    Part 4 - Custom Area Land Tribunals
    Part 5 - Island Land Tribunals
    Part 6 - Procedure of Land Tribunals
    Part 7 - Qualifications of Members and Secretaries of Land Tribunals
    Part 8 - Miscellaneous

  33. Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Ley de bosques. - Asamblea Nacional

    Adoption: 2013-08-06 | Date of entry into force: 2013-08-06 | VEN-2013-L-95138

    Tiene por objeto garantizar la conservación de los bosques y demás componentes del patrimonio forestal y otras formas de vegetación silvestre no arbórea, estableciendo los preceptos que rigen el acceso y manejo de estos recursos naturales, en función de los intereses actuales y futuros de la Nación, bajo los lineamientos del desarrollo sustentable y endógeno.
    Establece, entre otros principios, el de pluriculturalidad y multietnicidad, según los cuales el desarrollo forestal debe respetar la diversidad cultural y la pluralidad de los pueblos (art. 2).
    El Capítulo III regula la participación comunitaria. En particular, el artículo 25 dispone que la formulación y desarrollo de actividades relacionadas con el aprovechamiento de los bosques que afecten o pudieran afectar a las comunidades, deben ser sometidos a consulta popular en el ámbito geográfico donde se estime realizar dichas actividades. Por su parte, el artículo 26, sobre la afectación del hábitat indígena, prescribe que todo acto administrativo para la realización de actividades forestales, que afecte los hábitats y tierras indígenas, debe ser sometido a consulta previa de las comunidades involucradas.

  34. Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Ley Orgánica de Pueblos y Comunidades Indígenas. - Ley

    Adoption: 2005-12-27 | Date of entry into force: 2005-12-27 | VEN-2005-L-73247

    Tiene por objeto establecer los principios y bases para:
    1. Promover los principios de una sociedad democrática, participativa, protagónica, multiétnica, pluricultural y multilingüe, en un Esatado de justicia, federal y descentralizado.
    2. Desarrollar los derechos de los pueblos y comunidades indígenas reconocidos en la Constitución, en las leyes, convenios, pactos y tratados suscritos y ratificados por la República.
    3. Proteger las formas de vida y el desarrollo sustentable de los pueblos y comunidades indígenas, con fundamento e n sus culturas e idiomas.
    4. Establecer los mecanismos de relación entre los pueblos y comunidades indígenas y los organismos del Poder público y otros sectores de la colectividad nacional.
    5. Garantizar el ejercicio de los derechos colectivos e individuales de los pueblos, comunidades indígenas y de sus miembros.

    Título I: Disposiciones Fundamentales
    Título II: Del hábitat y tierras de los pueblos y comunidades indígenas, ambiente y recursos naturales
    Título III: De los Derechos Civiles y Políticos
    Título IV: De la Educación y la Cultura
    Título V: De los Derechos Sociales
    Título VI: De la Economía de los Pueblos y Comunidades Indígenas
    Título VII: De la Administración de Justicia
    Título VIII: Del Ente Ejecutor de la política indígena del país
    Título IX: Disposiciones Transitorias, Derogatorias y Finales.

    El Capítulo III del Título V regula los derechos laborales y del empleo, en particular, el derecho al trabajo y el ejercicio pleno de los derechos laborales (artículos 118), las condiciones prohibidas (artículos 119), el contrato de trabajo (artículo 120) y la participación laboral (artículo 121).

  35. Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Ley de demarcación y garantía del habitat y tierras de los pueblos indígenas. - http://comunidad.derecho.org

    Adoption: 2000-01-12 | VEN-2000-L-64098

    Regula el plan nacional de demarcación y garantía del habitat y tierras que ancestral y tradicionalmente ocupan los pueblos y comunidades indígenas, establecido en el artículo 119 de la Constitución de la República.

  36. Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Resolución por la cual se crea la Comisión Interinstitucional de Atención de la Salud de las Poblaciones Indígenas Fronterizas.

    Adoption: 1985-11-01 | VEN-1985-R-2863

    Dictada por el Ministro de Sanidad y Asistencia Social.

  37. Viet Nam - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Circular No. 52/2013/TT-BTC of May 3, 2013, guiding the support for organizations and units employing ethnic minority people in mountainous regions and specially disadvantaged areas according to the Prime Minister's Decision No. 42/2012/QD-TTg of October 8, 2012.

    Adoption: 2013-05-03 | Date of entry into force: 2012-06-18 | VNM-2013-M-94444

    This Circular guides the financial support policy on payment of social insurance, health insurance and unemployment insurance premiums, short-term vocational training, labour norms, and land rent for organizations and units employing ethnic minority people legally residing in mountainous regions and specially disadvantaged areas as prescribed in the Prime Minister's Decision No. 42/2012/QD-TTg of October 8, 2012.

  38. Viet Nam - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decision No. 42/2012/QD-TTg of October 8, 2012 on support for units and organizations employing ethnic minority people in mountainous regions and specially disadvantaged areas. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2012-10-08 | Date of entry into force: 2012-12-01 | VNM-2012-R-94465

    Article 1. Scope of Regulation
    Article 2. Subjects of application
    Article 3. Support policies
    Article 4. Funding sources
    Article 5. Organization of implementation
    Article 6. Effect
    Article 7. Implementation responsibilities.

  39. Viet Nam - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Decision No. 449/QD-TTg of March 12, 2012 approving the Ethnic Monitory Affairs Strategy through 2020.

    Adoption: 2012-03-12 | VNM-2012-M-94439

    The General Objective of the Strategy is "to develop socioeconomic fields in a comprehensive, fast and sustainable manner so as to accelerate poverty reduction in ethnic minority areas and narrow the development gap among ethnic groups; to gradually reduce areas with special difficulties; to step by step form economic, cultural and scientific centers in ethnic minority areas; to develop human resources in ethnic minority areas; to increase the quantity and quality of ethnic minority cadres; to consolidate the grassroots political system; and to firmly maintain the great national unity bloc and ensure stability, defense and security."

  40. Viet Nam - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 05/2011/ND-CP on ethnic minorities work. (Nghi Dinh vê công tác dân tôc) - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2011-01-14 | Date of entry into force: 2011-03-04 | VNM-2011-R-91609

    Chapter I - General Provisions
    Chapter II - Ethnic Minorities Policy
    Chapter III - State Management of Ethnic Minorities Work
    Chapter IV - Organization of Implementation
    Chapter V - Implementation Provisions

  41. Viet Nam - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 59/1998/ND-CP on the functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the Commission on Ethnic Minorities and Mountainous Areas.

    Adoption: 1998-08-13 | Date of entry into force: 1998-08-28 | VNM-1998-R-51011

    Sets forth the tasks of the Commission on Ethnic Minorities and Mountainous Areas, which shall include developing and implementing policies and legislation for ethnic and mountainous areas. Annuls Decree No. 11/CP.

  42. Zambia - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Protection of Traditional Knowledge, Genetic Resources and Expressions of Folklore Act, 2016 [No. 16 of 2016]. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-06-07 | ZMB-2016-L-104400

    An Act to provide for a transparent legal framework for the protection of, access to, and use of, traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore, which also guarantees equitable sharing of benefits and effective participation of holders; to recognise the spiritual, cultural, social, political and economic value of traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore of holders; to promote the preservation, wider application and development of traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore; recognise, protect and support the inalienable rights of traditional communities, individuals and groups over their traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore; to confer rights on traditional communities, individuals and groups and promote the conservation and sustainable utilisation of the country’s biodiversity resources; to promote fair and equitable distribution of the benefits derived from the exploitation of traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore; to promote the use of traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore for the benefit of traditional communities, the country and mankind in general; to ensure that exploitation of traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore takes place with the prior informed consent of a traditional community, individual or group; to prevent the granting of patents based on traditional knowledge, genetic resources and expressions of folklore without the prior informed consent of a traditional community, individual or group; give effect to the African Regional Intellectual Property Organisation (ARIPO) Swakopmund Protocol on the Protection of Traditional Knowledge and Expressions of Folklore, 2010, the World Trade Organisation Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights Agreement (TRIPS), 1994 and any other relevant international treaty or convention to which Zambia is a State Party; and to provide for matters incidental to, or connected with, the foregoing.

  43. Zimbabwe - Indigenous and tribal peoples - Law, Act

    Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act, 2007 (Act 14, 2007). - Act on-line

    Adoption: 2007 | Date of entry into force: 2008-03-07 | ZWE-2007-L-85407

    Provides for support measures for the further indigenisation of the economy and for the economic empowerment of indigenous
    Zimbabweans. Establishes the National Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Board and its functions and management as well as the National Indigenisation and Economic
    Empowerment Fund. Creates the National Indigenisation and Empowerment Charter.

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