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Egypt (490) > General provisions (72)

Name: Labour Code (No. 12 of 2003).
Country: Egypt
Subject(s): Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 2003-04-07
Entry into force:
Published on: Separate copy, 96 p. (DOC.NORMES)
ISN: EGY-2003-L-64693
Link: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/natlex4.detail?p_isn=64693&p_lang=en
Bibliography: Separate copy, 96 p. (DOC.NORMES)
English translation, 2003, Middle East Library for Economic Services (MELES), Cairo, Egypt, 109 p. (DOC.NORMES)
Labour Code and Ministerial Decrees made under it, 2004, Alamiria, Cairo, Egypt, 8th Edition, 651 p. (DOC.NORMES)
Labour Law (as amended by Law No. 90/2005), 2008-03, The Middle East Library for Economic Services (MELES), (in Arabic and English) (DOC.NORMES)
English translation English translation Government of Egypt (consulted on 2009-03-06)
Act on-line (In Arabic) Act on-line (In Arabic) Egyptian Government Services Portal (consulted on 2009-03-06)
Abstract/Citation: Preface sets out new features of labour code, including the balance in duties and responsibilities between workers and employers; due consideration to the social dimensions of the economy; new provisions that reflect global and local economic changes; reflection of fundamental principles contained in international labour standards; safeguarding formerly acquired rights; and recognition of workers' right to a periodic annual wage increase of at least 7 per cent.
The Code consists of six parts:
Part I : Definitions and general provisions
Part II: Individual labour relations (chapters and sections on the employment of Egyptians at home and abroad, the employment of foreigners, labour contracts, wages, leave, workers' duties, supervision of workers and accountability, hours of work, employment of women and children and the termination of the labour relationship)
Part III: Vocational training and guidance (the licensing and exercise of vocational training, skill assessment and trade practice licensing)
Part IV : Collective labour relations (consultation and cooperation, collective bargaining, collective labour agreements, labour disputes)
Part V : Occupational safety and health and the work environment (definitions, work sites, structures and permits, safeguarding the work environment, social and health services, occupational safety and health and environment inspection, regulation of occupational safety and health and environment equipment, research bodies and advisory services)
Part VI : Labour inspection and sanctions (labour inspection, judicial authority and sanctions).

The new Code excludes from its scope of application the following categories: public servants including those working in local government units and public authorities, domestic servants and members of the employer's family who are also his dependents. Debts due to workers under the provisions of this Code have priority over all other debts. Provisions of the Code apply to foreign workers provided there is reciprocal treatment. Enters into force 90 days after publication.
Repealed text(s):
Amending text(s):
Implementing text(s):

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