Promoting jobs, protecting people
NATLEX
Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation

United States of America >

Name: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-193 [H.R. 3734]) [Welfare Reform Act].
Country: United States of America
Subject(s): Social assistance and services
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 1996-08-22
Entry into force:
Published on: United States Code Congressional and Administrative News, 1996-10, No. 8, pp. 110 STAT. 2105-2355
ISN: USA-1996-L-45457
Link: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/natlex4.detail?p_isn=45457&p_lang=en
Bibliography: United States Code Congressional and Administrative News, 1996-10, No. 8, pp. 110 STAT. 2105-2355
Abstract/Citation: Aims to convert the welfare system into a work programme. Requires one member of every family on welfare to be working within 2 years of receiving welfare benefits; lifetime benefits shall be limited to 5 years (with exceptions for cases of special hardship). To assist persons in leaving welfare, provides additional funding for child care facilities. States are allowed to cap benefits for families which have children they cannot support. Teenagers who give birth outside of wedlock are required to live with an adult and remain in school in order to continue receiving welfare benefits. At the same time, procedures to enforce child support from absent noncustodial parents are strengthened. Also allows States to sanction welfare recipients who test positive for illegal drug use. Finally, provisions make families which sponsor immigration of relatives legally responsible for their well-being. Aliens are excluded from receiving food stamps, Supplemental Security Income and other benefits until they have received U.S. citizenship or have paid Social Security taxes for 40 quarters.
Amending text(s):
Implementing text(s):

© Copyright and permissions 1996-2014 International Labour Organization (ILO) | Privacy policy | Disclaimer