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Name: Employment Equity Act [1995, c. 44].
Country: Canada
Subject(s): Equality of opportunity and treatment; Indigenous and tribal peoples
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 1995-12-15
Entry into force:
Published on: Canada Gazette, Part III, 1996-01-18, Vol. 18, No. 3, 35 p. (INFORM - P60108)
ISN: CAN-1995-L-43272
Bibliography: Canada Gazette, Part III, 1996-01-18, Vol. 18, No. 3, 35 p. (INFORM - P60108)
Laws in French and English Laws in French and English Department of Justice,, Canada PDF of Act current to 6/11/2017 PDF of Act current to 6/11/2017 (DOC.NORMES) (consulted on 2011-02-08)
Abstract/Citation: Aims to provide equality in the workplace so that no person shall be denied employment opportunities and to correct conditions of disadvantage in employment experienced by women, aboriginal peoples, persons with disabilities and members of visible minorities (s. 2). Applies to private sector employers and specified portions of the public service (s. 4). Employers shall identify and eliminate employment barriers against persons in designated groups and institute policies which ensure that designated groups achieve a degree of representation in the workforce. The measures do not require the employer to hire unqualified persons or create new positions (s. 6). Section 7 provides that if an employer is engaged primarily in serving aboriginal peoples, he or she may give preference to hiring aboriginal peoples, unless this would constitute a discriminatory practice under the Canadian Human Rights Act. Employers shall prepare an employment equity plan setting forth measures which will be taken to correct any deficiencies in the representation of designated groups (s. 10). S. 18 requires every private sector employer to file an annual report detailing the number of persons from designated groups represented in the workforce, as well as their salaries and occupational groups. S. 21 requires a similar report from the President of the Treasury Board concerning employment of designated groups in the public service. Part II delegates power of enforcing the Act to the Canadian Human Rights Commission, and provides regulations thereto. Monetary penalties for violation of the Act are set forth in Part III.
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