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Name: Constitution of Turkmenistan.
Country: Turkmenistan
Subject(s): Constitutional law
Type of legislation: Constitution
Adopted on: 1992-05-18
Entry into force:
ISN: TKM-1992-C-39131
Bibliography: Constitutions of the Countries of the World, 1994-07, Oceana Publications, Inc., Dobbs Ferry, New York, United States of America, pp. 1-40
Constitution of Turkmenistan (in English) Constitution of Turkmenistan (in English) The University of Texas at Arlington, USA (consulted on 2005-12-20)
Abstract/Citation: Provides for a three-branch presidential republic, dominated by the executive. Section 1 is entitled "Fundamentals of the Constitutional Structure" (outlines the overall objectives of the Constitution). Section II is entitled "Fundamental Rights, Freedoms and Obligations of the Individual and Citizen". This section establishes several inviolable rights but does not guarantee their enforcement. The enumerated rights include equal protection before the law and freedom from discrimination based on nationality, origin, social status, place of residence, language, religion and political affiliation. Citizens are also guaranteed due process, freedom of speech, and the right to vote. Section III is entitled the "System of State Bodies", and establishes a three-branch government. Other sections deal with matters such as local self-government, election and referendum system, judicial power and prosecutor's office.
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