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Name: Penal Code
Country: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Subject(s): Criminal and penal law
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 1991-06-30
Entry into force:
Published on: Official Gazette, 1992-01-01, No. 13640
ISN: IRN-1991-L-31811
Bibliography: Official Gazette, 1992-01-01, No. 13640
Extracts of Code in English Extracts of Code in English Refworld, UNHCR - the UN Refugee Agency PDF PDF (consulted on 2010-08-03)
Abstract/Citation: Contains 497 sections and 103 notes, to be effective for an experimental period of 5 years, and is strictly based on Islamic fundamentalism "Shiit Shari'a". There are two categories of penalties: "Hudud" (fixed penalties) and "Qisas" (retribution) or "Diya" (blood-money). Hudud penalties are applied to persons committing crimes against the State, such as adultery, drinking alcohol, highway robbery, theft from a secured place, rebellion against the Islamic Authorities, and apostacy. Penalties include death by stoning or by sword, amputation, and flogging. Victims of crimes of essentially a private nature, such as murder, may exercise a right to retribution ("Qisas") or decide to accept blood-money ("Diyah").
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