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Canada (105,001) > Indigenous and tribal peoples (545)

Name: Indigenous Languages Act (S.C. 2019, c. 23).
Country: Canada
Subject(s): Indigenous and tribal peoples
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 2019-06-21
Entry into force:
ISN: CAN-2019-L-109273
Bibliography: Legislation on-line Legislation on-line Department of Justice, Canada PDF PDF (DOC.NORMES) (consulted on 2019-12-18)
Abstract/Citation: 5 The purposes of this Act are to

(a) support and promote the use of Indigenous languages, including Indigenous sign languages;

(b) support the efforts of Indigenous peoples to reclaim, revitalize, maintain and strengthen Indigenous languages, including their efforts to

(i) assess the status of distinct Indigenous languages,

(ii) plan initiatives and activities for restoring and maintaining fluency in Indigenous languages,

(iii) create technological tools, educational materials and permanent records of Indigenous languages, including audio and video recordings of fluent speakers of the languages and written materials such as dictionaries, lexicons and grammars of the languages, for the purposes of, among other things, the maintenance and transmission of the languages,

(iv) support Indigenous language learning and cultural activities — including language nest, mentorship and immersion programs — to increase the number of new speakers of Indigenous languages,

(v) support entities specialized in Indigenous languages, and

(vi) undertake research or studies in respect of Indigenous languages;

(c) establish a framework to facilitate the effective exercise of the rights of Indigenous peoples that relate to Indigenous languages, including by way of agreements or arrangements referred to in sections 8 and 9;

(d) establish measures to facilitate the provision of adequate, sustainable and long-term funding for the reclamation, revitalization, maintenance and strengthening of Indigenous languages;

(e) facilitate cooperation with provincial and territorial governments, Indigenous governments and other Indigenous governing bodies, Indigenous organizations and other entities in a manner consistent with the rights of Indigenous peoples and the powers and jurisdictions of Indigenous governing bodies and of the provinces and territories;

(e.1) facilitate meaningful opportunities for Indigenous governments and other Indigenous governing bodies and Indigenous organizations to collaborate in policy development related to the implementation of this Act;

(f) respond to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action numbers 13 to 15; and

(g) contribute to the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as it relates to Indigenous languages.

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