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Estonia


Basic labour law information

Estonia - Basic laws in NATLEX

01.01) Constitutional law
     Constitution of the Republic of Estonia of 1992.

01.02) Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
     Law No. RT I, 04.07.2017, 3 of 14 June 2017 "On Labour Dispute Resolution Act"
     Law of 17 December 2008 on Employment Contracts.

01.03) Civil, commercial and family law
     Civil Procedure Code of 22 April 1998 (Text No. 666) (consolidation).
     Commercial Code of 15 February 1995 (consolidation).
     Act of 19 January 1995 on citizenship (consolidation).

01.04) Criminal and penal law
     Penal Code of 6 June 2001 (consolidation).
     Code of Criminal Procedure of 12 February 2003 (consolidation).
     Imprisonment Act of 14 June 2000 [consolidation] (RT I 2000, 58, 376; 2009, 29, 175).

01.06) Economic and social policy
     Bankruptcy Act of 22 January 2003 (RT I 2003, 17, 95).

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Act on resolution of collective labour disputes of 5 May 1993 (consolidation).
     Employees' Representatives Act, 2006
     Trade Unions Act of 14 June 2000 (consolidation).
     Act of 14 April 1993 on collective agreements (consolidation).

04) Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons
     Youth Work Act of 17 February 1999 (consolidation).
     Child Protection Act of 8 June 1992 [consolidation] (RT 1992, 28, 370; RT I 2008, 59, 330).

04.01) Hazardous child labour
     Regulation on the list of hazardous occupations where employment of minors is prohibited (No. 94/2009) (RT I 2009, 31, 196).

05) Equality of opportunity and treatment
     Law on Gender Equality of 7 April 2004.

05.02) Workers with family responsibilities
     Parental Benefit Act of 10 December 2003.

07) Labour administration
     Law No. RT I, 04.07.2017, 3 of 14 June 2017 "On Labour Dispute Resolution Act"

08) Employment policy, promotion of employment and employment services
     Labour Market Services and Benefits Act (RT I 2005, 54, 430).
     Employment Service Act of 14 June 2000.

08.01) Disabled workers
     Act of 27 January 1999 on social benefits for disabled persons (consolidation).

09) Education, vocational guidance and training
     Universities Act of 12 January 1995.
     Vocational Education Institutes Law of 17 June 1998 (consolidation).
     Institutions of Professional Higher Education Act (RT I 1998, 61, 980).
     Primary Schools and Upper Secondary Schools Act (RT I 2010, 41, 240).
     Act on Education, as amended to 14 June 1995.
     Foreign Professional Qualifications Act (RT I 2008, 30, 191).

11) Cooperatives
     Act on Cooperatives, as amended to 10 July 1998. (Text No. 1513)

12.02) Wages
     Wages Act of 26 January 1994 (consolidation).

12.03) Personnel management
     Employees Disciplinary Punishments Act of 5 May 1993 (consolidation).

13) Conditions of work
     Working and Rest Time Act of 24 January 2001 (consolidation).

13.01) Hours of work, weekly rest and paid leave
     Holidays Act of 4 April 2001 (consolidation).

14) Occupational safety and health
     Act of 16 June 1999 on occupational health and safety (Text No. 616) (consolidation).

14.01) Protection against particular hazards
     Law No. RT I, 28.06.2016, 2 of 8 June 2016 "on Radiation", as amended to 19 June 2017.
     Act of 12 November 1997 on explosive substances.
     Chemicals Act of 6 May 1998 (consolidation).

15.01) Medical care and sickness benefit
     Public Health Act of 14 June 1995 (consolidation).
     Health Insurance Act of 19 June 2002 (consolidation).
     Health Services Organisation Act of 9 May 2001 (consolidation).

15.02) Old-age, invalidity and survivors benefit
     Funded Pensions Act of 14 April 2004.
     Act of 8 November 2000 on State funeral benefits (consolidation).
     Act of 17 March 1993 on State allowance, as amended to 18 October 1994.
     State Pension Insurance Act of 5 December 2001 (consolidation).

15.04) Unemployment benefit
     Unemployment Insurance Act of 13 June 2001 [consolidation] (RT I 2001, 59, 359; 2009, 11, 67).

15.05) Social assistance and services
     Social Welfare Act of 8 February 1995 (consolidation).

15.06) Administration and financing
     Social Tax Act of 13 December 2000 (consolidation).

17) Migrant workers
     Law on Granting International Protection to Aliens (No. RT2 I 2006, 2, 3).
     Aliens Act, 2009 (RT I 2010, 3, 4).
     Act of 18 February 1997 on refugees (consolidation).
     Act of 17 March 2004 on working conditions of workers posted in Estonia.

18) Seafarers
     Merchant Shipping Code of 9 December 1991 (Text No. 577).
     Seafarers Act of 8 February 2001 (consolidation).
     Maritime Service Law (MTS) (RT I 2001, 21, 114).
     Act of 11 June 2014 on Employment of Seafarers.

18.06) Seafarers - Occupational safety and health and welfare
     Maritime Safety Law (RT I 2002, 1, 1).

22.02) Mining and quarrying workers
     Mining Act of 29 January 2003.

22.10) Public and civil servants
     Public Service Act No. 486 of 25 January 1995 [consolidation] (RT I 1995, 16, 228; 2009, 29, 176).
     Law of 13 June 2012 on Civil Service.
  
 

  
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Last updated: Thursday - 2nd April 2020