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China


Basic labour law information

China - Basic laws in NATLEX

01.01) Constitutional law
     Constitution of the People's Republic of China.

01.02) Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
     Labour Law of the People's Republic of China (No. 28 of 1994).
     Labour Contract Law of the People's Republic of China (Order No. 65 of President of the People's Republic of China).

01.03) Civil, commercial and family law
     Enterprise Bankruptcy Law.
     Anti-domestic Violence Law of the People's Republic of China (Order No. 37 of the President of the PRC).
     Companies Law of the People's Republic of China (Order of the President of the People's Republic of China No. 42).
     Law of Civil Procedure of the People's Republic of China.

01.04) Criminal and penal law
     Criminal Law of the PRC (1997 Revision).
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Administrative Penalty (PRC Presidential Order No. 63 of 1996).
     Anti-domestic Violence Law of the People's Republic of China (Order No. 37 of the President of the PRC).
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (Presidential Order No. 17 of the President of the PRC).
     Prison Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 35 of 1994).
     Criminal Procedure Code of the People's Republic of China (Order No.55 of the President of the People's Republic of China).

01.06) Economic and social policy
     Law on People's Industrial Enterprises.
     Outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan for the National Economic and Social Development of the People's Republic of China.
     Law on Chinese-Foreign Cooperative Joint Ventures.
     Law of the People's Republic of China concerning the protection of the rights and interests of consumers.
     Law on the Exclusive Economic Zone and the Continental Shelf of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 6 of 1998).
     Environmental Protection Act of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 9 of 1989).

01.07) Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws
     Marine Environment Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (Order No. 57 of the President of the People's Republic of China).

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Labour Dispute Mediation and Arbitration Law of the People's Republic of China (Order No. 80 of 2007 of the President of the People's Republic of China).
     Law on People's Industrial Enterprises.
     Trade Union Law of the People's Republic of China (No. 57 of 1992)
     Regulations on Collective Contracts (Order No. 22 of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security of the People's Republic of China).
     Provisions on the Democratic Management of Enterprises, 2012 (No. 12 of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions).
     Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Settlement of Labour Disputes in Enterprises

03) Elimination of forced labour
     Resolution of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Approving the Supplementary Provisions of the State Council for Rehabilitation Through Labour.
     Prison Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 35 of 1994).
     Prison Law of the People's Republic of China, 1994.
     Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Repealing Legislation on Reeducation through Labour, 2013.

04) Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (Presidential Order No. 17 of the President of the PRC).
     Order of the State Council No. 364, 2002. Regulations banning child labour.
     Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Minors (2012 Revision) (Order No. 65 of the President of the Peopl's Republic of China).

05) Equality of opportunity and treatment
     Regulations concerning Prohibited Work for Female Workers.
     Law Safeguarding Women's Rights and Interests of the People's Republic of China.

05.01) Non-discrimination
     Regulations on AIDS Prevention and Treatment 2006 (Decree No. 457).

07.01) Labour inspection
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Work Safety (Presidential Order No.70 of 2002).

08) Employment policy, promotion of employment and employment services
     Employment Promotion Law of the People's Republic of China (Presidential Order No. 70 of 2007).

08.01) Disabled workers
     Regulations on Education for the Disabled
     Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Disabled Persons

09) Education, vocational guidance and training
     Compulsory Education Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 52 of 2006).
     Higher Education Law of the People's Republic of China, 1998 (Order No. 7 of the President of the PRC).
     Non-state Education Promotion Law of the People's Republic of China (Order No. 55 of the President of the PRC).
     Vocational Education Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 69 of 1996).

10) Employment security, termination of employment
     Enterprise Bankruptcy Law of the People's Republic of China (No. 54 of 2006).

11) Cooperatives
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Specialized Farmers Cooperatives Order of the President of the People's Republic of China No.57.

12.01) Labour contracts
     Law on Chinese-Foreign Cooperative Joint Ventures.
     Contract Law of the People's Republic of China (Presidential Order No. 15 of the PRC of March 15, 1999).

12.02) Wages
     Regulations concerning minimum wages in enterprises.

13.01) Hours of work, weekly rest and paid leave
     Resolution of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Approving the Provisions of the State Council for Home Leave for Workers and Staff.
     Regulations of the State Council on the Hours of Work of Employees.

14) Occupational safety and health
     Code of Safety and Health in Factories.
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Work Safety (Presidential Order No.70 of 2002).
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Environmental Impact Assessment (2002)

15) Social security (general standards)
     Social Insurance Law of the People's Republic of China (adopted at the 17th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on October 28, 2010)
     Labour Insurance Regulations.
     Labour Insurance Regulations of the People's Republic of China

15.02) Old-age, invalidity and survivors benefit
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Protection of the Rights and Interests of the Elderly (2012 Revision) (Order No. 72 of the President of the PRC).

15.03) Employment accident and occupational disease benefit
     Regulation on Work-Related Injury Insurance (Order No.375 of the State Council of the People¿s Republic of China).
     Measures for Lump-sum Compensation to the Disabled or Deceased Employees of Entities Involving Illegal Employment (Order No. 19 of 2003)(2010 Revision) .

15.04) Unemployment benefit
     Unemployment Insurance Regulations (No. 2410).

16) Maternity protection
     Law on Maternal and Infant Health Care (PRC Presidential Order No. 33 of 1994).

17) Migrant workers
     Rules for the Administration of Employment of Foreigners in China.
     Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Returned Overseas Chinese and the Family Members of Overseas Chinese (PRC Presidential Order No. 33 of 1990).
     Law of the People's Republic of China on Control of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (PRC Presidential Order No. 31 of 1985).
     Rules for the Implementation of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Control of the Entry and Exit of Aliens.

18) Seafarers
     Maritime Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China
     Maritime Code of the People's Republic of China (promulgated by Order No.64 of the President of the People's Republic of China).
     Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Ratifying the Maritime Labour Convention 2006.

19) Fishers
     Fisheries Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 34 of 1986).

20) Dock workers
     Port Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 5 of 2003).

22.01) Agriculture workers
     Agriculture Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC Presidential Order No. 81 of 2002).
     Agriculture Law of the People's Republic of China (2012 Revision) (Order of the President of the People's Republic of China No. 74 of 2012).

22.07) Transport and communication workers
     Regulation of the People's Republic of China on Road Transport (Order No. 666 of the State Council).

22.10) Public and civil servants
     Civil Servant Law of the People's Republic of China (Order No. 35 of the President of the PRC).

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region - Basic laws in NATLEX

01) General provisions
     Labour Tribunal Ordinance 1972 (L.N. 35 of 1973) (Cap. 25).

01.01) Constitutional law
     Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic China.
     The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

01.02) Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
     Employment Ordinance 1968 (Cap. 57).

01.05) Human rights
     Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance (Cap. 383).

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Minor Employment Claims Adjudication Board Ordinance (No. 61 of 1994) (Cap. 453)
     Arbitration Ordinance [L.N. 38 of 2011].
     Trade Unions Ordinance (Chapter 332) (G.N.A. 14 of 1962).
     Labour Relations Ordinance (Cap. 55).

04) Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons
     Employment of Young Persons (Industry) Regulations (L.N. 86 of 1980) (Cap. 57C).
     Employment of Children Regulations 1979 (L.N. NO. 195) (Cap. 57B).

04.01) Hazardous child labour
     Employment of Young Persons and Children at Sea Ordinance (No. 13 of 1932) (Cap.58).

05) Equality of opportunity and treatment
     Sex Discrimination Ordinance (No. 67 of 1995) (Cap. 480).

05.01) Non-discrimination
     Race Discrimination Ordinance (No. 29 of 2008) (Cap. 602).
     Family Status Discrimination Ordinance (Cap. 527)(No. 91 of 1997).

07.02) Labour statistics
     Census and Statistics (Quarterly Survey of Employment and Vacancies) Order (Cap. 316G).

08) Employment policy, promotion of employment and employment services
     Employment Ordinance 1968 (Cap. 57).
     Employment of Children Regulations 1979 (L.N. NO. 195) (Cap. 57B).

08.01) Disabled workers
     Disability Discrimination Ordinance (Cap. 487) (No. 86 of 1995).

09) Education, vocational guidance and training
     Apprenticeship Ordinance 1976 (Cap. 47).
     Employees Retraining Ordinance (No. 76 of 1992) (Cap. 423).
     Education Ordinance (Cap. 279) (L.N. 116 of 1971).

10) Employment security, termination of employment
     Protection of Wages on Insolvency Ordinance (Chapter 380).

12.02) Wages
     Minimum Wage Ordinance (Chapter 608) [L.N. 146 of 2010].
     Protection of Wages on Insolvency Ordinance (Chapter 380).

14) Occupational safety and health
     Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance (No. 39 of 1997) (Cap. 509).
     Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance (Chapter 59) (No. 34 of 1955).

14.01) Protection against particular hazards
     Air Pollution Control Ordinance [L.N. 303 of 1983] (Cap. 311).

15.02) Old-age, invalidity and survivors benefit
     Occupational Retirement Schemes Ordinance (No. 88 of 1992) (Cap. 426).
     Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Ordinance (No. 80 of 1995) (Cap. 485).

15.03) Employment accident and occupational disease benefit
     Employees' Compensation Ordinance (Cap. 282)
     Employees Compensation Assistance Ordinance 1991 (No. 54 of 1991)(Cap. 365).

17) Migrant workers
     Contracts for Employment Outside Hong Kong Ordinance (L.N. 135 of 1965)(Cap. 78).
     Employees Retraining Ordinance (No. 76 of 1992) (Cap. 423).
     Immigration Ordinance (No. 55 of 1971) (Cap. 115)

18) Seafarers
     Merchant Shipping (Seafarers) Ordinance (44 of 1995) (Cap. 478).

18.01) Seafarers - Protection of children and young persons
     Employment of Young Persons and Children at Sea Ordinance (No. 13 of 1932) (Cap.58).

18.06) Seafarers - Occupational safety and health and welfare
     Merchant Shipping (Safety) Ordinance (Cap. 369).

23) International agreements
     The International Labour Organization (Cap. 190E).

Macao Special Administrative Region - Basic laws in NATLEX

01.01) Constitutional law
     Ley Básica de la Región Administrativa Especial de Macao de la República Popular China.

01.02) Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
     Ley núm. 9/2003 que aprueba el Código de Procedimiento Laboral.
     Ley núm. 7/2008 de las relaciones de trabajo.

01.03) Civil, commercial and family law
     Decreto-ley núm. 39/99/M de 3 de agosto por el que se aprueba el Código Civil.
     Decreto ley núm. 40/99/M por el que se aprueba el Código comercial.

01.04) Criminal and penal law
     Decreto-ley núm. 58/95/M, de 14 de noviembre, por el cual se aprueba el Código Penal.
     Decreto Ley núm. 48/96/M por el cual se aprueba el Código Procesal Penal.

01.05) Human rights
     Ley núm. 2/99/M, de 9 de agosto, por la que se regula el derecho de asociación.

01.06) Economic and social policy
     Decreto-ley núm. 59/97/M, de 29 de diciembre, por la cual se aprueba la nueva ley orgánica del Consejo Permanente de Concertación Social.

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Ley núm. 2/99/M, de 9 de agosto, por la que se regula el derecho de asociación.

04.01) Hazardous child labour
     Despacho del Jefe del Ejecutivo núm. 343/2008 por el que se aprueba la lista de trabajos limitados para los menores.

05.01) Non-discrimination
     Decreto-ley núm. 52/95/M por el cual se establecen las reglas a observar en las relaciones de trabajo para garantizar la igualdad de oportunidades y de tratamiento en el empleo entre los trabajadores de ambos sexos.

06) Tripartite consultations
     Decreto-ley núm. 59/97/M, de 29 de diciembre, por la cual se aprueba la nueva ley orgánica del Consejo Permanente de Concertación Social.

07.01) Labour inspection
     Decreto-ley núm. 60/89/M por el que se reglamenta la actividad del Departamento de la inspección del trabajo de la Dirección de servicios de trabajo y empleo.

08) Employment policy, promotion of employment and employment services
     Ley núm. 4/98/M, de 27 de julio, de Bases de la Política de Empleo y de los Derechos Laborales
     Decreto ley núm. 32/94/M por el que se aprueba el régimen de concesión de licencias a las agencias de empleo

08.01) Disabled workers
     Decreto ley núm. 33/99/M, por el que se aprueba el régimen de prevención, integración y rehabilitación de las personas discapacitadas.

14) Occupational safety and health
     Decreto-ley núm. 13/91/M sobre Higiene y Seguridad del Trabajo.

15) Social security (general standards)
     Ley núm. 4/2010 del Régimen de Seguridad Social.

15.02) Old-age, invalidity and survivors benefit
     Decreto ley núm. 6/99/M, por el que se establece el nuevo régimen jurídico de los fondos privados de pensiones.

15.03) Employment accident and occupational disease benefit
     Decreto-ley núm. 40/95/M, de 14 de agosto, sobre el régimen aplicable a la reparación de los daños emergentes de los accidentes de trabajo y las enfermedades profesionales.
     Ley núm. 12/2001 sobre seguro por accidentes de trabajo y enfermedades profesionales.

15.05) Social assistance and services
     Decreto-ley núm. 52/86/M por el que se aprueban el sistema de acción social y sus estructuras.

16) Maternity protection
     Ley núm. 6/94/M de 1 de agosto, por la cual se aprueba la ley de bases de política familiar.

17) Migrant workers
     Ley núm. 6/2004 de Inmigración Legal y de Expulsión.
     Ley núm. 21/2009 de contratación de trabajadores no residentes.

22.10) Public and civil servants
     Decreto-Ley núm. 87/89/M, de 18 de diciembre, por el que se aprueba el Estatuto de los Trabajadores de la Administración Pública.

Taiwan, Province of China - Basic laws in NATLEX

01.03) Civil, commercial and family law
     Company Act.

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Settlement of Labor Disputes Act, 1928.
     Collective Agreement Act, 1930.

03) Elimination of forced labour
     Human Trafficking Prevention Act, 2009.

04) Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons
     Protection of Children and Youths Welfare and Rights Act, 1992.

05) Equality of opportunity and treatment
     Gender Equity Education Act, 2004.

09) Education, vocational guidance and training
     Gender Equity Education Act, 2004.
     Supplementary and Continuing Education Act.

12.02) Wages
     Regulations for the Determination of the Minimum Wage, 2014.

13.01) Hours of work, weekly rest and paid leave
     Regulations on Leave-Taking of Workers.

14) Occupational safety and health
     Act for Protecting Workers against Occupational Accidents, 2001.

18) Seafarers
     The Seafarer Act, 1999.

19) Fishers
     The Fisheries Act, 1929.
  
 

  
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Last updated: Wednesday - 25th November 2020