- Agencies involved: Government of Ecuador
- Year started: 2003
- Programme Description: The programme pays monthly means tested benefits to poor households with children, elderly and the disabled
- Programme Objectives: Reduce the poverty gap; reduce the levels of chronic malnutrition and preventable diseases in children up to 5 years of age; maintain enrolment and 80% attendance rates for beneficiary children ages 6-16.
- Transfers: Monthly income transfer conditioned on meeting education and health requirements
li>US$ 15 a month per household; senior and disabled heads of household receive US$11.50 per month.
- Conditions- For children aged 6¿16 year old: attending school regularly (more than 80%). For children under 5: regular health post visits for growth and development checkups and immunizations
- Target population and coverage: Households with children age 0-16 in the poorest 2 quintiles, and poor households with elderly and/or disabled members, represent 5.2 million people, or 1.2 million households (about 40%population). In 2009, there were 246 thousand beneficiary households
- Poverty incidence: 43.0%; beneficiaries poor: 17% (2008)
- Selection of beneficiaries: Through the Sistema de Identificación y Selección de Beneficiarios de Programas Sociales
- Monitoring and Evaluation: Monitoring and evaluation has been set in place for the 2004 re-launched programme, but some independent evaluation studies are available
- Evaluation results: A high positive impact on school enrolment and attendance, and a high negative impact on child labour: school enrolment increased by around 10 %age points, whereas child labour fell by 17% age points. The probability of a boy or girl from any household receiving BDH working was 6.2 %age points less than for those not receiving the bond. Boys and girls in households receiving the BDH worked 2.5 hours less than girls and boys who did not receive the bono.
- Cost: 0.7% of GDP in 2008; US$ 200 million in 2006, equivalent to 0.5% of GDP
- Implementation Issues: Poor targeting, introduction of conditioning in 2003: the oldest school age child must show they have attended school for most of term, and mothers must show they have attended primary health care facilities and nutrition training.
- Programme and Evaluation Sources
- Hessel Oosterbeek Juan Ponce Norbert Schady (2008) The Impact of Income Transfers on School Enrolment: Evidence from Ecuador, The World Bank Development Research Group, Policy Research Working Paper 4645 Impact Evaluation Series No. 22 | More
- Schady, N. and Araujo, M. C. (2008), ¿Cash Transfers, Conditions, and School Enrolment in Equador¿, Economia, Spring, pp. 43-77. | More
- (2008) Child labour and conditional cash transfer programmes in Latin America, International Labour Organization, | More