First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
SODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS.
Chemical dangers The solution in water is a weak base.
Formula: C6H9Na3O9 / C6H5Na3O7.2H2O
Molecular mass: 294.1
Decomposes at 150°C Solubility in water, g/100ml: 77
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract.
Inhalation risk Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
The apparent melting point caused by loss of crystal water is given.
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