Highly flammable. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.
Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!
Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea.
Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again.
Wear safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Abdominal pain. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II
Fireproof. Separated from oxidants. Cool.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS LIQUID.
Physical dangers The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.
Chemical dangers Reacts with oxidants.
Formula: C8H16 / CH3C(CH3)=CHC(CH3)3
Molecular mass: 112.2
Boiling point: 104°C Melting point: -106°C Relative density (water = 1): 0.72 Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, kPa at 38°C: 11.02 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.31 Flash point: 1.7°C o.c. Auto-ignition temperature: 305°C
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is irritating to the skin. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.
Inhalation risk No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
Insufficient data are available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken.
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