Highly flammable. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!
Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again.
Wear safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. Marine pollutant.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Physical dangers The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on heating. This produces hydrogen chloride and phosgene.
Formula: C3H6Cl2 / CHCl2CH2CH3
Molecular mass: 113.0
Boiling point: 88°C Relative density (water = 1): 1.13 Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 8.7 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9 Flash point: 16°C o.c. Auto-ignition temperature: 557°C Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.4-14.5 Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.3 (calculated)
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is irritating to the eyes and skin.
Inhalation risk No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
Insufficient data are available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken.
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