Highly flammable. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
NO water. Use alcohol-resistant foam, powder, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Dizziness.
Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Wear safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Further see Inhalation.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Physical dangers The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.
Chemical dangers Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. Reacts with strong oxidants.
Formula: C7H16 / CH3CH(CH3)(CH2)3CH3
Molecular mass: 100.2
Boiling point: 90°C Melting point: -118°C Relative density (water = 1): 0.68 Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, kPa at 14.9°C: 5.3 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.4 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.13 Flash point: -18°C c.c. Auto-ignition temperature: 220°C Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.0-6.0
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system at high levels.
Inhalation risk No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure The substance defats the skin, which may cause dryness or cracking.
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