|ACETONE CYANOHYDRIN||ICSC: 0611 (March 1998)|
| CAS #: 75-86-5
| UN #: 1541
|EC Number: 200-909-4
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Above 74°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||NO open flames. Above 74°C use a closed system and ventilation.||Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Convulsions. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Irregular heartbeat. Chest tightness.||Use closed system or ventilation.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. See Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation. Convulsions. Unconsciousness. See Notes. See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
|Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong bases, acids, water and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
|ACETONE CYANOHYDRIN||ICSC: 0611|
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
Formula: (CH3)2C(OH)CN / C4H7NO
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS|
|TLV: 5 mg/m3 (ceiling value); (skin)|
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. Avoid release to the environment in circumstances different to normal use.|
|The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Hazard and toxicity of this substance is due to its major metabolite - hydrogen cyanide (see ICSC 0492).
Symbol: T+, N; R: 26/27/28-50/53; S: (1/2)-7/9-27-45-60-61
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