Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.
Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
Avoid inhalation of dust and mist.
Fresh air, rest.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Wear safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Burning sensation in the throat and chest.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered plastic containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Do NOT store or transport in containers made from galvanized steel or unlined steel. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS CRYSTALS.
Physical dangers Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. If dry, it can be charged electrostatically by swirling, pneumatic transport, pouring, etc.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides and phosphorus oxides. Attacks iron and galvanized steel.
Formula: C3H8NO5P / HOOCCH2NHCH2PO(OH)2
Molecular mass: 169.1
Decomposes at <234°C Density: 1.7 g/cm³ Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 1.2 Vapour pressure at 20°C: negligible Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.0
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is severely irritating to the eyes. The substance is mildly irritating to the skin.
Inhalation risk A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly on spraying.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance does enter the environment under normal use. Great care, however, should be taken to avoid any additional release, for example through inappropriate disposal.
Sodium, potassium and amine salts are readily soluble in water. Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties.
All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied.
Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.