Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
Use local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Wear safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS-TO-YELLOW SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride. Reacts with oxidants. This generates fire hazard.
Molecular mass: 231.5
Boiling point: 304-354°C Melting point: 93°C Density: 1.58 g/cm³ Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: <0.1 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 8 Flash point: 200°C o.c. Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 5.12-7.56
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of fume and through the skin.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is mildly irritating to the eyes and skin.
Inhalation risk A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure The substance may have effects on the liver. This may result in liver impairment.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: 5 mg/m3, as TWA; (skin)
Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur along the food chain, for example in crustacea. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment because it is persistent. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment.
The health effects may vary with the proportion of the different isomers present.
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