Head protection - 94 entries found
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Mayer A., Le Brech A., Pichon P.
Safety helmets - Selection and use
Les casques de protection - Choix et utilisation [in French]
This guide is aimed at all persons involved in selecting safety helmets and making them available in plants, workshops or on construction sites. It applies to all work situations where it is necessary to have recourse to personal protective equipment, namely whenever collective protection measures are not possible or are insufficient. It provides information on the characteristics and scope of use of safety helmets, and proposes an approach for their selection, purchase, use and care.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, July 2007. 23p. Illus. 33 ref. Price: EUR 4.20. Downloadable version free of charge.
08-0708.pdf [in French]
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/A1AC6B30B954CE42C1257369004E7C3F/$FILE/ed993.pdf [in French]
Using your head
As the head's protective armor against falling objects, hard hats are the first piece of PPE that construction workers grab when going to a job site. Yet many workers continue not to wear them. Furthermore, employers often do not require workers to wear had hats or do not sufficiently enforce the requirement. The main reasons why many workers continue to disregard the use of hard hats include their lack of comfort, their weight and self-consciousness of one's appearance. New designs of hard hats presented in this article overcome most of these issues.
Occupational Hazards, July 2007, p.23-28. Illus.
08-0203.pdf [in English]
Personal protective equipment - Come on, join in!
Persönliche Schutzausrüstung - Komm, mach mit! [in German]
This booklet explains the different types of protective equipment and presents the workplace signs and pictogrammes signaling that their use is required.
Institut für Arbeisschutz der Deutschen Gesetzlichen Unfallversicherung (IFA), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 2006. 7p. Illus.
http://www.dguv.de/psa/de/publikationen/komm.pdf [in German]
How much protection do helmets provide against parietal impact?
Wieviel Schutz bieten Industrieschutzhelme gegen seitliche Belastungen? [in German]
The protection provided by various kinds of industrial safety helmets against parietal impacts was determined by experiments with an artificial head. The acceleration of the unprotected and protected head caused by the impact of a steel ball weighing 5kg was measured by a sensor inside the artificial head. Helmets with and without hearing protector were tested. The best protective helmets reduced the head acceleration caused by rear, frontal and lateral impact by 89%, 83% and 80%. The worst helmet still reduced the acceleration of the artificial head by one third in comparison to the unprotected head.
Sicher ist sicher - Arbeitsschutz aktuell, 2006, Vol.57, No.9, p.416-417. Illus.
07-0708.pdf [in German]
Singapore Productivity and Standards Board (SPRING Singapore)
Specification for industrial safety helmets
This Singapore Standard specifies physical and performance requirements, methods of test and marking requirements for industrial safety helmets. Replaces previous edition (CIS 00-860).
SNP Corporation Ltd, 1 Kim Seng Promenade #18-01, Great World City East Tower, Singapore 237994, Republic of Singapore, 4th revision, 2005. 33p. Illus.
06-1468.pdf [in English]
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG)
Use of head protective gear
Benutzung von Kopfschutz [in German]
Contents of this update of the guidelines of the German Mutual Occupational Accident Insurance Association of January 2000 concerning the selection and use of head protective gear: various types of safety helmets, caps and their accessories; structure of the protective shell; areas of application of the various types of protection; EC mark and standards applicable to each type of helmet; use life as a function of the constituent materials; information of personnel; maintenance and storage. In appendix: related directives, rules and standards. Previous edition: ZH 1/704.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburgerstrasse 449, 50939 Köln, Germany, 2002. 22p. Illus.
04-0221.pdf [in German]
Personal protective equipment - Head and respiratory system
Środki ochrony indywidualnej - Głowa i układ oddechowy [in Polish]
This guide provides information on the characteristics and scope of use of personal protective equipment for the head and respiratory system protection, guidance concerning the proper selection of this equipment and information regarding the compliance of Polish standards with European Union directives. Translation of INRS publication ED 279.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2002. 32p. Illus.
03-0609.pdf [in Polish]
Personal protection - Head safety
Protection individuelle - La tête en sécurité [in French]
Injuries to the head (skull perforations, skull or cervical fractures, intra-skull lesions without fractures) are very frequent in industrial occupations and represent approximately 5% of occupational injuries in developed countries. On average, they give rise to an absence from work lasting three weeks. Topics covered by the article include: different types of helmest; selecting the helmet based on the type of hazard; EC certification process; minimum quality requirements; advice when buying; French and European regulations.
Face au risque, Mar. 1999, No.351, p.17-21. Illus. 1 ref.
01-1519.pdf [in French]
Effect of outdoor weathering on the effective life of forest industry safety helmets
While numerous national and international laboratory-based trials have been undertaken to determine the effective life of forest industry safety helmets, little local knowledge exists about the impact of actual outdoor weathering elements on the effective life of such helmets. A study was undertaken to determine the impact of outdoor weathering, in particular ultraviolet and visible solar radiation, on the effective life of three models of plastic safety helmets currently in use in New Zealand forestry operations. A sample of each helmet model and colour were destructively tested in accordance with the appropriate helmet standard at three-month intervals. It was found that the effective life of helmets exposed to outdoor weathering ranged from 13.5 to 36 months. Helmet colour appeared to have little influence on helmet failure rates. It is recommended that plastic safety helmets used in forest operations be replaced after 12 months continual use.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 3 Nov. 1999, Vol.25, No.1, p.51-58. Illus. 8 ref.
01-0222.pdf [in English]
Portillo García-Pintos J.
Cascos de seguridad [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; comfort criteria; electricity; European Communities; mechanical hazards; personal protective equipment; preventive maintenance; safety guides; safety helmets; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 13p. Illus.
00063.pdf [in Spanish]
Health and Safety Executive
Head protection for Sikhs wearing turbans - Guidance for employers
Topics: construction sites; cultural variables; data sheet; head protection; legal aspects; supply of personal protective equipment; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Mar. 1998. 8p. 7 ref.
98-1283.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 - Guidance on Regulations
Topics: comment on law; construction sites; head protection; legislation; safety helmets; supply of personal protective equipment; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. iii, 18p. Illus. Price: GBP 5.50.
98-1487.pdf [in English]
Specification for industrial safety helmets
Topics: description of equipment; directive; equipment testing; labelling; maintenance; protection criteria; safety helmets; shock absorption; Singapore; standard.
Singapore Productivity and Standards Board, 1 Science Park Drive, Singapore 118221, Republic of Singapore, 1997. 26p. Illus.
00-860.pdf [in English]
Better understanding of personal protective equipment (eyes, ears, respiratory tract and head)
Mieux connaître les équipements de protection individuelle (Yeux, oreilles, voies respiratoires et tête) [in French]
Verstandig omgaan met persoonlijke beschermingsmiddelen (Ogen, oren, ademhaling en hoofd) [in Dutch]
Topics: face and eye protection; gas removing respirators; head protection; hearing protection; particulate removing respirators; personal protective equipment; respirable dust; respirators; safety guides; safety helmets; safety spectacles; training material.
PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1997. 20p. Illus. 5 ref.
99-053FR.pdf [in French]
99-053nl.pdf [in Dutch]
Health and Safety Executive
Personal protective equipment (PPE): Safety helmets
Data sheet on the use of safety helmets in construction work (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: comfort criteria; construction sites; data sheet; preventive maintenance; safety helmets; supply of personal protective equipment; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Dec. 1997. 2p. 7 ref.
98-184.pdf [in English]
Abeysekera J., Holmer I., Liu X., Gao C., Wu Z.
Some design recommendations to improve comfort in helmets: A case study from China
Hotness, weight and fitting problems are major wearability issues that require improvements in safety helmets. The need for an optimally designed helmet in China prompted a case study on comfort aspects in helmets. The subjective impressions of the wearers of test helmets provided useful information for design changes to improve comfort. Heat transfer measurements through helmets indicated the need for ventilation openings to be provided on the shell of plastic helmets. Due to the advantage of low weight and good ventilation, it is recommended that cane helmets be further developed to improve protection, wearability and durability, and eventually for large scale production. Topics: case study; comfort assessment; comfort criteria; design of equipment; heat transfer; safety helmets; subjective assessment; thermal comfort.
Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 1996, Vol.25, No.2, p.145-154. Illus. 12 ref.
99-1696.pdf [in English]
Hulme A.J., Mills N.J.
Health and Safety Executive
The performance of industrial helmets under impact. An assessment of the British Standard BS 5240 Pt.1, 1987
The impact test for industrial safety helmets in British Standard 5240 concerns only vertical impacts onto the crown of the helmet mounted on an immovable headform. Methods of testing helmets in lateral and vertical impacts were devised involving a crash dummy test with a flexible neck of stiffness equivalent to a human neck, and measurement of the rotational acceleration of the head. Overall, the tests showed that the current BS 5240 impact test and its criteria for injury are unrealistic. Provision for side impact tests would lead to improvements in helmet designs.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 69p. Illus. 37 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.
97-0289.pdf [in English]
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/crr_pdf/1996/CRR96091.pdf [in English]
Schutzhelme [in German]
This practical leaflet provides information on the characteristics, selection criteria, uses, maintenance and possible adaptations of safety helmets.
Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse 65, 1201 Wien, Austria, 1995. 9p. Illus.
96-0341.pdf [in German]
Design, formation and production of personal protective equipment [Norway]
Konstruksjon, utforming og produksjon av personlig verneutstyr [in Norwegian]
Directive on the Norwegian requirements pertaining to personal protective equipment. It is harmonized with European directives 89/686/EEC (CIS 90-381), 93/95/EEC (CIS 94-778) and 93/68/EEC (CIS 94-751); it came into force 19 Aug. 1994. Procedures for evaluation of compliance and marking are described. The requirements cover the performance of the equipment, and are of a general nature. Examples of equipment dealt with are: protection against falls, hearing protection, vibration protection, protection against heat and cold, protection against drowning, protection against radiation, protection of respiratory organs, protection of skin and eyes.
Tiden Norsk Forlag, Postboks 8813 Youngstorget, 0028 Oslo, Norway, 19 Aug. 1994. 34p. Illus.
Should helicopter frequent flyers wear head protection? A study of helmet effectiveness
Flight helmets have been recommended as aircrew head protection since 1908, yet debate continues regarding their effectiveness. Estimates of helmet use in civilian helicopter aeromedical programmes range from 6.5% to 13%. The effectiveness of the US Army's SPH-4 flight helmet in reducing severe head injuries sustained during helicopter accidents was evaluated using the accident data base at the US Army Safety Center, Fort Rucker, Alabama. Analysis was restricted to severe (Class A) accidents that were at least partially survivable, using US Army Center criteria. Occupants not wearing a protective helmet were significantly more likely to sustain severe and fatal head injuries than were occupants wearing the SPH-4 (RR=3.8 and 6.3, respectively; p<.01). Unhelmeted noncockpit occupants were at higher risk of head injuries (RR=5.3 and 7.5; p<.01). All personnel regularly participating in helicopter flight, civilian or military, should be equipped with protective headgear.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, July 1991, Vol.33, No.7, p.766-769. Illus. 21 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 - Guidance on Regulations
Guidance note on the legal obligations (effective 30 March 1990, see CIS 90-1435) relative to the provision and wearing of head protection in the construction industry. Contents: definitions and application; provision, maintenance and replacement of suitable head protection; ensuring that suitable head protection is worn; rules and directions; wearing of suitable head protection; reporting the loss of, or defect in, suitable head protection; extension outside Great Britain; exemption certificates. Appendices include a summary of legal duties, practical examples of preventive measures and extracts from other relevant legislation.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1990. 16p. Illus. Price GBP 2.25.
Abeysekera J.D.A., Shahnavaz H.
Adaptation to discomfort in personal protective devices: an example with safety helmets
In this trial, identical industrial safety helmets were worn by 10 subjects in a tropical environment, repeatedly (6h a day) for a period of one month. Subjective evaluations of discomfort were carried out at intervals. The selected helmet was not ideal, considering the head sizes of the subjects and the fact that the helmet was designed for a cold climate. Results showed a good degree of adaptation to discomfort, heat, heaviness and bad fit. Since adaptation took place over a period of 30 days, it was difficult to draw any conclusions on the optimum adaptation period for each discomfort factor. It is concluded that a significant adaptation to unavoidable discomfort in protective wear is possible.
Ergonomics, Feb. 1990, Voo.33, No.2, p.137-145. Illus. 7 ref.
The Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations impose requirements for the provision of suitable head protection for and the wearing of suitable head protection by workers on building operations or works of engineering construction.
HMSO Books, PO Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1989. 4p. Price: GBP 0.90.
Fleischer G., Skrodzki H.
Accident in a slag tap boiler and resulting protective measures
Unfall in einem Schmelzkammerkessel und daraus resultierende Schutzmassnahmen [in German]
During repair work within a slag tap boiler of a thermal power station in Germany (Fed.Rep.) an employee was hit by a falling piece of slag weighing 6kg. His protective helmet was smashed and he suffered brain concussion and scalp injury. A protective net was installed to avoid future accidents of this kind. Installation and maintenance of the safety net are described.
Sicherheitsingenieur, 1989, Vol.20, No.9, p.20-22, 24-28. Illus.
Personal protective equipment - Selection and care of headware
Equipement de protection individuelle - Choix et entretien des casques de sécurité [in French]
Fifth of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: selection chart for safety helmets; shell; suspension; maintenance and inspection.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.
Rowland F.J., Patel B., Keighley J.H.
Some industrial and climbing helmets subjected to a range of impact energies
Ten types of injection moulded industrial safety helmets, three types of injection moulded climbing helmets, and seven types of glass fibre reinforced polyester climbing helmets have been subjected to various impact energies and the transmitted forces compared. The variation in British and foreign standards requirements of different types of helmet are discussed. Harmonisation of standards for helmets is suggested.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, June 1988, Vol.10, No.1, p.29-37. Illus. 5 ref.
Abeysekera J.D.A., Shanavaz H.
Ergonomics evaluation of modified industrial helmets for use in tropical environments
Some selected safety helmets manufactured in industrialised countries (IC) were modified to provide extra head ventilation and to reduce weight, in order to make them more acceptable to users in hot environments in developing countries (DC). The modified helmets were subjected to ergonomic evaluation in the laboratory and in the field. White helmets had some advantages in comfort (reduction of hotness) compared to other colours (red, green, etc.) when worn in the presence of radiant heat in the laboratory. Ventilation holes provided at the top of the shell seemed to reduce the greenhouse effect within the helmet shell which therefore felt less uncomfortable than a fully covered helmet. Even with a small reduction in weight, such as 45g in helmets weighing about 350g, the difference in weight was perceived by the wearers. In adapting helmets made in IC for use in tropical climates, head ventilation and low weight perception are important aspects in comfort which need to be considered. In addition to low cost, a harness material suitable for sweat absorption is required. Adjustability and sizing to fit 90% of the user population also needs to be considered.
Ergonomics, 1988, Vol.31, No.9, p.1317-1329. Illus. 8 ref.
This data sheet covers: general considerations; definitions; hat styles; shell materials; care of hats; starting and promoting a head protection programme; handling complaints.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1987. 5p. Illus. 2 ref.
Gilchrist A., Mills N.J.
Construction site workers helmets
Instrumented impact tests were carried out on industrial safety helmets manufactured to BS5240. A simple mathematical model was used to explain the results obtained when helmets are hit on the top. The model can then be used to predict the effect of modifying the shell stiffness or suspension stiffness. It also predicts the large force oscillations at 300Hz caused by the striker exciting the resonant frequency of the shell mass/suspension spring system. While the helmets perform adequately during top impacts, the protection given at the sides, front and back of the helmet is so poor that a redesign is necessary.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1987, Vol.9, No.3, p.199-211. Illus. 8 ref.
Safety helmets and other head protection [Sweden]
Skyddshjälmar och andra huvudskydd [in Swedish]
These regulations (effective 1 Jan. 1988) specify the requirements for safety helmets: to prevent or reduce head injuries, especially from falling objects, crushing, thermal radiation or ignition; it must be made difficult to change the impact absorbing parts; they must not hinder the use of glasses; the material must be sufficiently strong in order not to lose its properties with age, it must not be electrically conductive or easily flammable. The requirements for type approval from the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health are specified as well as labelling and use requirements. Appended are detailed commentaries.
LiberDistribution, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 20 Aug. 1987
Comparison of the impact protection properties of Sikh turbans and industrial safety helmets
The impact protection properties of Punjab Sikh turbans are compared with the impact properties of industrial safety helmets. The test used was a modification of the impact test specified in BS 5240:1975 - Specification for General Purpose Industrial Safety Helmets. The results indicate that the forces transmitted to the head at comparable impact energies, when wearing a Sikh turban, are almost 5 times greater than when wearing a helmet, for the major part of the head area.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, June 1987, Vol.9, No.1, p.47-57. Illus. 4 ref.
Safety helmets - Suggested future improvements in helmet design processes and testing
Analysis of the factors affecting the acceptability of safety helmets. Results of a questionnaire survey dealing with the wearing of safety helmets on construction sites. Standards and certifying authorities in the United Kingdom. Role of manufacturers, designers, buyers and users.
Safety Practitioner, Feb. 1987, Vol.5, No.2, p.11-14. Illus. 8 ref.
Sakuma K., Ohyama Y.
Study on the injuries of Japanese National Railways workers and the protective effect of helmets
Chimeisotsu kara mita gyōmujo-gyōmugai shōbyō no hikaku narabi ni anzen ni taisuru igakuteki sekkinhō no 1-kōsatsu [in Japanese]
Among railway workers, the number of bodily injuries sustained on the job decreased yearly from 1957 and 1984. The main causes of injuries resulting in death were 1) being hit by a train (61% of all death cases), 2) falls, 3) traffic accidents, 4) electric shock. The lethality of bodily injury cases (i.e. percentage ratio of deaths to bodily injury cases requiring one day or more of absence from work) was high, 23.4% for being hit by trains, 5.3% for falls, 4.3% for traffic accidents, 14.3% for electric shock. For the 152 cases of death caused by being hit by trains between 1979 and 1984, the speed of the train was divided into three categories (a) below 24km/h, (b) 25-45km/h, (c) above 46km/h. In the cases where helmets were worn the lethality was (a) 13.8% (b) 28.6%, (c) 63.2%. In the cases without helmets, the lethality was (A) 22.7%, (B) 28.6%, (C) 80.0%. These data suggest that the rate of deaths can be reduced by wearing helmets.
Journal of Transportation Medicine, Sep. 1986, Vol.40, No.5, p.294-298. Illus. 7 ref.
The design, manufacture and marketing of safety helmets
This paper was part of a symposium on head protection at work (16 April, Loughborough, U.K.). Factors in the three aspects listed are briefly described.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1986, Vol.8, No.3, p.225-226.
The design of head protection for tasks
Article presented at a symposium on head protection at work (16 Apr. 1986, Loughborough, United Kingdom). Techniques which may be used to establish differences in jobs to enable reasonable designs for head protection were discussed. Factors distinguishing head hazards, environment and task-related needs for different jobs are listed as well as features of the helmets for protection specifications. Helmet design features, impact levels, and helmet displacements on impact are outlined for specific job groups.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1986, Vol.8, No.3, p.215-224. Illus. 7 ref.
Factors affecting the acceptability of head protection at work
This review was part of a symposium on head protection at work (16 April 1986, Loughborough, United Kingdom). The 10 British standards applying to protective headgear are listed. The factors included in the model are discussed: weather protection, thermal and tactile properties, absorptivity permeability, mass distribution, degree of fit, size and shape, retention performance and fit, helmet volume, visual factors, and helmet compatibility. The effects of comfort and retention on helmet performance are also described.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1986, Vol.8, No.3, p.193-206. Illus. 33 ref.
Proctor T.D., Rowland F.J.
Development of standards for industrial safety helmets - The state of the art
This review was part of a symposium on head protection at work (16 April 1986, Loughborough, United Kingdom). Statistics on distribution of injuries and comparison of injuries to helmet wearers and non-wearers and methods for assessing the comfort/acceptability and protective capacity of the helmets were described.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1986, Vol.8, No.3, p.181-191. Illus. 23 ref.
Barnes K., Bell N., Vasilliou D., Firth J.L.
Medical aspects of head protection at work
Article presented at a symposium on head protection at work (16 April 1986, Loughborough, United Kingdom). The definitions of effects of head injuries and the attitudes to wearing helmets were discussed and recommendations given to overcome resistance to wearing helmets.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1986, Vol.8, No.3, p.173-180. 73 ref.
Guidance note on protective helmets
Vejledning om beskyttelseshjelme [in Danish]
This guidance note discusses the provision of Danish regulations No.323 of 7 July 1983 on the execution of work and No.32 of 29 Jan. 1979 on work clothing and personal protective equipment as they apply to protective helmets. The type of helmet should be chosen according to work situations and conditions. Two designs (hat and cap models) and two types of protective helmets (those protecting against blows to the head and those protecting against pressure as well) are described. Also included are: adaptation, maintenance, lifetime, table showing the properties of materials used in helmets.
Arbejdstilsynet, Direktoratet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, Oct. 1985. 8p. Illus.
Occupational safety and health. Plastic safety helmets. Technical specifications [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz. Schutzhelme aus Plast. Technische Bedingungen [in German]
This standard (obligatory from 1 Jan. 1987) is not valid for firemen's safety helmets, helmets of the armed forces, motor cyclists, safety helmets for the performing of electrical work at voltages over 1kV, or for sports-helmets. The standard covers: terms and definitions; type, size, weight; design; tests; quality control during production.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Jan. 1985. 6p. Illus.
Personal protective equipment
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity [in Russian]
Descriptions of new products presented at the "Labour Protection 84" exhibition. The protective clothing includes suits for protection from harmful substances, arctic cold and glass fibres. The footwear includes boots for work with livestock, boots for protection against physical and chemical factors, and shoes for protection from hot surfaces. Head and face protection includes a helmet with a transparent mask and a skirt for neck protection, and safety spectacles for protecting the eyes from 300-400nm ultraviolet radiation during defect detection with luminescent dyes. A lightweight respirator for protection from dust and gas, and a skin cream for neutralisation of aliphatic amines are also featured.
Mašinostroitel', Apr. 1985, No.4, p.22-24. Illus.
Protective clothing and safety footwear for workers of the chemical petroleum refining and petrochemical industries
Specodežda i specobuv' dlja rabotnikov himičeskoj, neftepererabatyvajuščej i neftehimičeskoj promyšlennosti [in Russian]
Aspects covered in this training manual: classification of personal protective equipment (clothing, shoes, boots, gloves, helmets, barrier creams) protecting against water, bases, acids, petroleum, petroleum products, heat, cold, static electricity, vibration, mechanical hazards, and explosion hazards; materials used for manufacturing, maintenance of personal protective equipment, a procedure for providing enterprises with this equipment.
Izdatel'stvo Himija, Stromynka 21, 107076 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 175p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: Rbl.0.55.
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Safety helmets for the building trade - Technical requirements
Kaski stroitel'nye. Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1985) covers all plastic safety helmets protecting against injury from mechanical effects, water and electricity in building construction, including the assembly of prefabricated elements and repairs. Contents: main parameters and sizes; technical requirements (helmet shell, head harness, chin strap, colours, materials; internal, external and side surface of shell; mechanical strength, shock absorption, dielectric strength); acceptance criteria; methods of testing; marking, transport and storage; instructions for use; guarantee by the manufacturer.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR. 1984. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.
(Organisme professionnel de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics)
Casques de protection [in French]
Practical advice on the choice and use of safety helmets in building construction. Review of French regulations.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, Sep.-Oct. 1984, No.5, 2p. insert.
Contents of this data sheet: description of the parts of a safety hat and their function; types of hats and shell materials; care of safety hats; starting a head protection programme in the workplace.
National Safety News, Dec. 1984, Vol.130, No.6, p.51-54. Illus.
A look at NFPA's helmet standard
The performance criteria and specifications for care and cleaning of fire-fighters' helmets contained in the NFPA 1972 standard, Structural Fire Fighters Helmets 1979, are discussed.
Fire Command, Feb. 1984, Vol.51, No.2, p.32-33.
Catalogue of safety audio-visual training material
This catalogue lists 40 slide and videotape presentations for the training of workers in the proper use of respiratory protective equipment, explosimeters, direct-reading hydrocarbon analysers, hard hats and other safety equipment used in mining and industry.
Market Development Group, Mine Safety Appliances Co., 600 Penn Center Blvd., Pittsburgh, PA 15235, USA.
Väyrynen S., Ojanen K.
The protection of loggers' heads and eyes in forestry work
Questionnaires, interviews, observations, accident and near-accident reports, and user and laboratory tests were used to investigate the frequency of the use and protection afforded by the helmet and eye protector in forestry work, and possible improvements. 88% of loggers always used a helmet and 32% an eye protector, in spite of their being compulsory in Finland, 8-15% of logging accidents cause eye injuries. The helmet was too hot in summer and too cold in winter. Design defects of eye protectors, which partly accounted for their low rate of use, were: they become frosted in winter; visibility is poor in the rain or the dark; they cause glare in sunshine. Improvements in the design of helmets and eye protectors are suggested.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, June 1983, Vol.5, No.2, p.81-88. Illus. 10 ref.
Protective helmets for industry etc. - Test methods
Skyddshjälmar för industri m m - Provning [in Swedish]
Standard setting out rules for the testing of industrial safety helmets. Contents: scope; test specimens (for complete testing of a given make and size, 4 to 8 helmets are needed); dummy head; inspection of the helmets (weight, wearing height, colour, chin-straps); conditioning of the helmets (room-conditioning, cooling, heating, water conditioning); determination of shock absorption capacity; penetration testing; determination of inflammability, lateral rigidity, electrical insulation properties and protection against heat radiation.
Standardiseringskommissionen i Sverige, Stockholm, Sweden, 3rd ed., 15 Feb. 1982. 6p. Illus. 3 ref.
Protective helmets for industry etc. - Requirements
Skyddshjälmar för industri m m - Fordringar [in Swedish]
Contents of this standard establishing requirements for industrial safety helmets: scope; definitions of terms used in the standard; different types of helmets (descriptions, types of protection, area of use, type designations); requirements (concerning the helmet shell, wearing height, distance between helmet shell and headband, chin-straps, shock absorption, penetration, inflammability, lateral rigidity and electrical insulation); testing of different helmet sizes; instructions concerning the properties, use and maintenance of the helmets; marking of the helmets.
Standardiseringskommissionen i Sverige, Stockholm, Sweden, 4th ed., 15 Feb. 1982. 8p. Illus. 3 ref.
A review of research relating to industrial helmet design
Research involving statistics, impact considerations and comfort stability/acceptability, is reviewed. The British and ISO test method, which uses the peak acceleration of a headform to assess impact absorption, is considered equivalent to those methods that involve humanoid headform and use average acceleration as the criterion in tests where the impact direction lies approximately normal to the impacting surface and where the impact is of short duration. Where rotation of the head may occur, a more thorough investigation of the biomechanical evidence is required before conclusions can be drawn about the benefits to be derived from extending the test procedures. Recommendations for research into comfort and the useful service life of injection-moulded plastic helmets, are made.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Mar. 1982, Vol.3, No.4, p.259-272. Illus. 30 ref.
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