Globalization - 86 entries found
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A global perspective of migration and occupational health
Global migration has dramatically increased over the past decade and is at an all-time high, approaching 200 million persons per year. Demographics and economic interdependence suggest that immigration will continue for the near future at record high levels. This article reviews the few studies that have investigated occupational injury and illness rates among immigrant populations. Existing data indicate that higher rates of fatal and non-fatal injuries are common compared to native populations. This increase is in part due to immigrants working in higher risk occupations (e.g., agriculture, construction), but occupational morbidity and mortality is higher among immigrants than native-born workers within occupational categories. Research is needed to identify the causes of increased risk among immigrants and to provide direction to effective public health interventions.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 2010, Vol.53, No.4, p.329-337. 51 ref.
AIDS, work and health
SIDA, trabalho e saúde ocupacional [in Portuguese]
This article on AIDS, work and health addresses the issues of risk and HIV infection prevention in the health care sector. It considers AIDS as an individual, public, community and worldwide disease, referring to the definition of health as a global resource that needs to be protected by eliminating or controlling risk factors.
Segurança, Jan.-Feb. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.188, p.14-19. Illus.
Kitumbo H.I., Machida S., Makhonge P.W., Mangasi N.F., Kiwekete H.M., Lehtinen S., Comlan P., Ezinah F., Mouanga A., Kendjo E., Roy J., Obiang Ossoubita B., Abongomera L.A., Carothers R., Foad M., Denomy J.
Accident prevention - A safe workplace
Collection of articles on accident prevention and workplace safety of relevance to African countries. Contents: system for the collection and analysis of occupational accident data; chemical safety and accident prevention; factors influencing the reporting of needlestick injuries among nurses in a Ugandan hospital; role of safety culture in preventing accidents in the workplace; meetings in Nairobi and Kampala; profile of woodwork-related accidents in Gabon; impact of globalization on occupational health services in developing counties; improving working conditions through microfinance programming.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Apr. 2009, Vol.19, No.1, p.1-23 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/african_newsletter/Documents/african_newsletter1_2009.pdf [in English]
Vainio H., O'Hara L., Cheveers E., Yassi A., Fedotov I., Geyer N., Sigler N., Savolainen K., Takala J., Hämäläinen P., Pääkkönen T., Lehtinen S.
New emerging risks
Contents of this collection of articles on new chemical and biological hazards of relevance to African countries: H1N1 and occupational health for health workers in Africa; excerpts from WHO materials on H1N1; North-South partnership to strengthen trade union action against HIV/AIDS; engineered nanomaterials; globalization of risks; brief account of a conference on occupational health of nanotechnology which took place in 2009 in Finland; brief account of a meeting of WHO collaborating centres which took place in Geneva in 2009.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2009, Vol.19, No.3, p.55-75 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/african_newsletter/Documents/african_newsletter3_2009.pdf [in English]
Siegrist J., Wege N., Pühlhofer F., Wahrendorf M.
A short generic measure of work stress in the era of globalization: Effort-reward imbalance
This study evaluates the psychometric properties of a short version of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire. It was tested on a representative sample of 10,698 employed men and women in Germany. Structural equation modeling and logistic regression analysis were applied. In addition to satisfactory internal consistency of scales, a model representing the theoretical structure of the scales provided the best data fit in a competitive test. Scoring high on the ERI scales was associated with elevated risks of poor self-rated health. This short version of the ERI questionnaire reveals satisfactory psychometric properties, and can be recommended for further use in research and practice.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Aug. 2009, Vol.82, No.8, p.1005-1013. Illus. 38 ref.
Mearns K., Yule S.
The role of national culture in determining safety performance: Challenges for the global oil and gas industry
This article addresses the issue of occupational safety and how the process of globalization can potentially influence the beliefs and behaviour of disparate national workforces working across the globe for the same multi-national company. It reviews published literature on cross-cultural differences in attitudes, perceptions and beliefs regarding safety and presents the findings of a study examining the relationship between cultural value dimensions, safety climate and risk-taking behaviour in workforce members of a multi-national engineering organization operating in six countries. The results suggest that perceived management commitment to safety and the effectiveness of safety measures exert more impact on workforce behaviour and accident rates than national cultural values.
Safety Science, July 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.777-785. 34 ref.
Role of beliefs in accident and risk analysis and prevention
This article discusses the impact of belief systems and culture on safety and accident prevention. It is hypothesized that an understanding of the beliefs people hold about risks and the causes of accidents, as well as their perceptions of the need for safety, are important prerequisites for effectively managing risk and designing preventive measures. This is considered particularly relevant in this era of globalization where workers from different backgrounds are relocating, and increasingly complex technology is being exported. The discussion is supported by examples from both developing and developed countries.
Safety Science, July 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.767-776. 53 ref.
Globalization and workplace hazards in developing nations
Multinational corporations are rapidly introducing technological activities into less-developed nations. This poses potential risks to the safety and health of workers involved and the neighboring populations, as well as to the environment. This article presents an evaluation of approaches taken by international and industrial organizations to address these hazards by means of codes of conduct and voluntary self-regulation. Arguing that these approaches have repeatedly failed, it presents a new approach for assuring that the transfer of technology is accompanied by the transfer of good practices for using it safely. The key features of this approach include defining a standard of care which provides equivalent treatment of worker safety and health across all nations, and establishing contractual relationships between multinational companies and host countries as a means of implementing the standard.
Safety Science, July 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.756-766. 40 ref.
The effect of globalization on occupational accidents
This article discusses the results of studies carried out from 2001 to 2004 at the Institute of Occupational Safety Engineering at Tampere University of Technology in Finland, in collaboration with the International Labour Organization (ILO). The objective was to estimate the number of occupational accidents that caused death or at least three days' absence from work. The estimates were based on the figures gathered from ILO member states. This article discusses also how globalization has affected trends in the number of occupational accidents in developing and developed regions.
Safety Science, July 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.733-742. Illus. 27 ref.
Impact of globalization on human work
This article addresses the phenomenon of globalization in its impact on the nature of work. The factors of the globalization processes which affect most strongly the work of different employment categories, namely management, production workers and knowledge workers, are identified. The organizational consequences of globalization are analyzed with reference to significant changes to workplaces and psychological demands. The concluding section considers the political aspects of globalization.
Safety Science, July 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.727-732. 29 ref.
Siffermann S., Weber P.
Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
Labour inspection and sustainable globalization
L'inspection du travail et la mondialisation durable [in French]
Labour inspectors, through advice, controls and sanctions, monitor the compliance of the basic rights in work relations and conditions. Their sound judgment plays an important role in maintaining social equilibrium. At the international level, the International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI) is the operational side of the verification of compliance of these sovereign rights specified in international tripartite conventions of the ILO. The labour inspectorate embodies the essential player in the social dimension of a sustainable globalization, exposed to the challenge of changing its role and adapting its talents and skills in an increasingly complex environment. This booklet aims to help understand how labour inspectorate needs to position itself to fully participate in the promotion of decent work and sustainable economic and social development across the world.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 116p. Illus.
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/IALI_BRO_FR_WEB.pdf [in French]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/IALI_BRO_EN_WEB.pdf [in English]
Effects of globalization on the prevention of hazards, occupational accidents and occupational diseases: Viewpoint of the ILO
Efectos de la globalización en la prevención de riesgos, accidentes y salud ocupacional: una mirada desde la OIT [in Spanish]
This article comments the effects of globalization on the prevention of hazards, occupational accidents and occupational diseases, together with activities undertaken by the ILO in this area since the beginning of the millennium to promote the concept of decent work and the management of occupational safety and health.
Protección y seguridad, Jan.-Feb. 2008, Vol.54, No.317, p.30-32. Illus. 3 ref.
Report IV - Promotion of rural employment for poverty reduction
Rapport IV - Promotion de l'emploi rural pour réduire la pauvreté [in French]
Informe IV - La promoción del empleo rural para reducir la pobreza [in Spanish]
More than 3,000 government, worker and employer leaders met in Geneva at the International Labour Conference in June 2008 to discuss various issues including rural poverty reduction. Approximately 3.4 billion people, slightly under half of the world's population, now live in rural areas. Climate change, soaring food prices, and the use of farm products for fuel are today key issues in the global debate on agricultural production. Rural markets and the world economy have been affected by globalization, whose costs and benefits have not been equitably distributed either between countries or within them, and by increased urbanization. Clearly, the employment challenges of today's burgeoning cities cannot be met without addressing the need for full and productive employment in rural areas. Agricultural growth is highly effective in reducing poverty, but the pattern and distribution of growth will determine the degree to which it translates into job creation and poverty reduction. This report was prepared as a discussion paper for the conference. A specific chapter deals with international labour standards and OSH issues.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. v, 135p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_092056.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_091721.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_092055.pdf [in French]
Houtman I., Jettinghoff K., Cedillo L.
Raising awareness of stress at work in developing countries - A modern hazard in a traditional working environment
Hatten-doshō-koku ni okeru rōdō sutoresu no ninshiki o kōjō saseru [in Japanese]
Sensibilisation au stress professionnel dans les pays en développement: Un risque actuel dans un environnement de travail traditionnel [in French]
Sensibilizando sobre el estrés laboral en los países en desarrollo - Un riesgo moderno en un ambiente de trabajo tradicional [in Spanish]
Work-related stress is an issue of growing concern in developing countries due to processes of globalization and the changing nature of work. In these countries, the focus of occupational safety and health initiatives has until now essentially been on chemical, biological and physical exposures, while the psychosocial risks at work are still largely neglected and their causes and consequences still insufficiently understood. This booklet raises awareness of the issue for employers and workers' representatives. Contents: introduction to the problem; effects of globalization and the changing nature of work; definition of work- related stress; model on work-related stress; managing work-related stress; acting at the local level; roles of employers' and workers' representatives.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2008. 44p. Illus. 41 ref.
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789243591650_spa.pdf [in Spanish]
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789242591651_fre.pdf [in French]
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/924159165X_jpn.pdf [in Japanese]
http://www.who.int/occupational_health/publications/raisingawarenessofstress.pdf [in English]
Miraglio M., Hunter P., Iucci L., Pinoargote P., Chiarabini A., De Koster A., Cairola E., Sims E., Bussy-Pestalozzi C., Chacko R., O'Neill F., Popello S.
International instruments and corporate social responsibility. A booklet to accompany training. The labour dimension of CSR: From principles to practice
Les instruments internationaux et la responsabilité sociale des entreprises. Manuel d'appui pour le programme de formation [in French]
Instrumentos internacionales y responsabilidad social de la empresa - Manual de apoyo al programa de formación [in Spanish]
This booklet describes the evolution of the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR), the role that international organizations and the European Union play in this area and workplace initiatives. It explains in particular the three international frames of reference in the area of CSR, namely the ILO's Multinational enterprises (MNE) Declaration, the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, and the United Nations Global Compact. Also available in French, Spanish an Arabic.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. vii, 36p. Illus.
International_instruments.pdf [in English]
Les_instruments_internationaux.pdf [in French]
Instrumentos_internacionales.pdf [in Spanish]
International_instruments.pdf [in Arabic]
Globalization and occupational hazards
Mondialisation et risques professionnels [in French]
Contents of this issue on the worldwide sharing of an occupational safety and health culture aimed at avoiding globalization leading to the offshoring of hazards: interviews of Juan Somavia, Director-General of the ILO, the head of international cooperation at the INRS, the head of the Senegal social security institution, the head of sustainable development of a large French chemical firm and a manager of the Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA).
Réalité Prévention, Dec. 2007, No.16, 12p. (whole issue). Illus.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/Pdf%20ActuRealitePrevention16/$File/ActuRealitePrevention16.pdf [in French]
Ndiaye N., Wickramasekara P., Comlan P., Mouanga A., Ezinah F., Nambo Wezet G., Obiang Ossubita B., Valenti A., Boccuni F., Giona F., Iavicoli S., Drimie S., Kiama Mwaniki N., Lehtinen S.
Contents of this collection of articles on the occupational safety and health of migrant workers in Africa: health hazards for migrant workers in Africa; occupational safety and health implications of globalization and cross-border migration among migrant workers in Africa; working conditions and job satisfaction among Sub-Saharan migrant female workers in Gabon; migration of nurses from developing to developed countries; migration, AIDS and urban food security in Southern and Eastern Africa; work-related stress; review of a regional workshop in Africa on improving workers' heath organized by the WHO.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2007, Vol.17, No.3, p.58-79 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/2D1F2747-28C0-4F94-89FC-6CDD0593F55E/0/african32007.pdf [in English]
Houtman I., Jettinghoff K., Cedillo L.
Raising awareness of stress at work in developing countries
In developing countries, the focus of occupational safety and health initiatives has until now essentially been on chemical, biological and physical exposures, while the psychosocial risks at work are still largely neglected. This booklet aims at raising awareness among employers and worker representatives of work-related stress in developing countries. Topics addressed: effects of globalization and the changing nature of work; definition of work-related stress; step-by-step approach to managing work-related stress; role of employers' and workers' representatives.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2007. 44p. Illus. 42 ref.
http://www.who.int/entity/occupational_health/publications/raisingawarenessofstress.pdf [in English]
Safety roundtable: Looking inside the EHS crystal ball
A panel of industry leaders was asked to give a forecast of future trends in workplace safety. The discussion revealed a variety of emerging trends that could impact the practice of safety in the future. Some were familiar themes, such as globalization, the aging workforce, nanotechnology and OSHA's role in worker safety. Other predictions were less expected, including the possibility that human resource departments might play a big role in defining safety culture, that the greening movement could attract young talent to the field or the selection of protective equipment of known brands may encourage their use among workers. All respondents agreed on the need for safety professionals to broaden their focus and adapt to a changing and expanding field.
Occupational Hazards, Dec. 2007, p.24-26. Illus.
Decent work for sustainable development
Le travail décent au service du développement durable [in French]
El trabajo decente para un desarrollo sostenible [in Spanish]
This booklet contains the full text of the speech delivered by Juan Somavia, Director-General of the International Labour Organization to the delegates at the ILO's International Labour Conference in 2007. In an address also highlighting a wide range of issues, from the impact of globalization to measuring decent work deficits, Mr. Somavia said the Organization was moving forward through its Decent Work Agenda. A key issue for action now was decent work as part of economic, social and environmental policies. He added that the ILO needed to assess the potential scale of technological, production and employment shifts involved, and find low emissions strategies for development that do not slow progress in poverty reduction.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. 19p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc96/pdf/rep-i-a.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc96/pdf/rep-i-a.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc96/pdf/rep-i-a.pdf [in French]
Rodríguez I., González-Morales M.G., Carbonell S.
The AMIGO model and the PREVENLAB-PSICOSOCIAL methodology - Contributions and challenges in the prevention of psychosocial hazards
El modelo AMIGO y la metodología PREVENLAB-PSICOSOCIAL - Aportaciones y retos en la prevención de los riesgos psicosociales [in Spanish]
Changes taking place in the world of work are causing the emergence of new psychosocial hazards and psychosomatic diseases. To address these risks, it is necessary to intervene at the organizational level. In turn, this implies being able to rely on a theoretical model such as the AMIGO model, which contrary to existing models, considers the various components of the organizational system as facets of a system which can only be approached holistically. The model served as the basis for the development of the PREVENLAB-PSICOSOCIAL diagnosis methodology, which is described in this article.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Apr. 2007, No.42, p.18-25. Illus. 32 ref.
The impact of global food chains on employment in the food and drink sector
L'impact des filières alimentaires mondiales sur l'emploi dans le secteur des produits alimentaires et des boissons [in French]
La incidencia de las cadenas mundiales de alimentación en el empleo en el sector de alimentación y bebidas [in Spanish]
This report was prepared as a basis for discussion at a tripartite meeting on the impact of global food chains on employment in the food and drink sector held in Geneva, Switzerland, 24-27 September 2007. The research that has led to the preparation of this report, apart from providing indications on employment trends around the world in the food and drink industry, has brought to the fore certain social and labour issues arising from the globalization of food chains, such as the rise of retailers as they gain more control over global supply chains as well as consumer information. It raises other questions such as further company concentration which in turn has repercussions at the level of processors, manufacturers and seed suppliers, who cluster even further to supply mass-produced, uniform products at margins acceptable to such firms. Farms, in turn, will need to grow larger to meet the demand for raw materials in mass quantities at lower prices, disempowering smaller, independent farmers. More and more consumers are adopting a posture of resistance to the dictates of food conglomerates and their control over consumer choices. All these developments together require analysis and pro-active measures to safeguard employment and decent work in the sector.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. iii, 28p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmfce07/tmfce-r.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmfce07/tmfce-r.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmfce07/tmfce-r.pdf [in Spanish]
Training in quality control and the internal and external work environment: Some Latin American experiences
Formación para el control de la calidad y el medio ambiente interno y externo: algunas experiencias en América Latina [in Spanish]
Topics such as quality control and occupational safety and health contribute towards ensuring a harmonious relationship between enterprises and their social, political and economic environment, particularly in an increasingly global economy. Certification systems concerning quality (ISO 9000) and environmental protection (ISO 14000) are key steps to ensuring international credibility, as are occupational safety and health measures. This book discusses some of the safety and health training aspects that are necessary in Latin America to face these demands, based on investigations carried out in Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Brazil.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. 429p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: USD 18.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.cinterfor.org.uy/public/spanish/region/ampro/cinterfor/publ/labarca3/index.htm [in Spanish]
Harvey S., Courcy F., Petit A., Hudon J., Teed M., Loiselle O., Morin A.
Organizational interventions and mental health in the workplace: A synthesis of international approaches
This report summarizes knowledge relating to organizational intervention programmes and strategies to improve mental health in the workplace. Frameworks for the understanding of stress interventions at work are described and an evidence-based framework is proposed. This requires the establishment of proof as to the presence of sources of stress and a clear description of the sources, symptoms and consequences of this stress in order to design and evaluate appropriate interventions. Evidence of the effectiveness of organizational interventions is reviewed and recommendations for future research and methodology are proposed.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2006. iv, 48p. Illus. 94 ref. Price: CAD 7.42. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-474.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-480.pdf [in English]
Garrosa Hernández E., Moreno Jiménez B., Lanstätter F., Liang Y.
Globalization of occupational health: China's development and reform
This article reviews trends in occupational diseases and accidents in China since the 1950s, describes the development of occupational health services and examines whether modernization accelerates and improves the process. It compares the situation in China with that of Europe.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Mar. 2006, Vol.LII, No.202, p.39-44. 8 ref.
http://www.isciii.es/htdocs/centros/medicinadeltrabajo/revistamedicinatrabajo/Medicina_y_Seguridad_del_Trabajo_202.pdf [in English]
Duchet M., Petegnief G., Galtier Y., Charvolin M., Terrier C.
Design of sewage treatment plants - Recommendations aimed at project managers for ensuring the safety and health of operators and maintenance workers
Conception des usines d'épuration des eaux résiduaires - Préconisations à l'intention des maîtres d'ouvrage en vue d'assurer la sécurité et la protection de la santé des personnels d'exploitation et de maintenance [in French]
The prevention of occupational hazards is more efficient and economical when taken into account from the design phase of buildings, machinery and equipment. This guide brings together understanding and recommendations that apply to new projects, extensions and modifications of sewage treatment plants. It aims to involve all persons and organizations that have an interest in the project (principals, project managers, designers, safety and health coordinators, builders, etc.) to integrate as far upstream as possible a global approach to the prevention of hazards related to hygiene, safety and working conditions.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, June 2006. 68p. Illus. Index. Price: EUR 8.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/924CA4ECC5CCA029C12571B20023D25D/$FILE/ed968.pdf [in French]
Albracht G., Brückner B., Martín Daza F.
Integrated labour inspection training system (ILITS)
This document describes the ILO's Integrated Labour Inspection Training System, a modular approach to the training of labour inspectors. Contents: background to the development of the system; the role of labour inspection in a global economy and the challenges it faces; the concept of integrated labour inspection and functions and responsibilities of labour inspectorates; training policy for labour inspectors; the training model (objective, methodology, principles and pillars of training, training forms and contents, technical curricula, curriculum design, training the trainers and mentors, training in social skills and management, training of field inspectors); implementation of an integrated labour inspection system.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. 35p. Illus. 23 ref.
Bestratén Belloví M., Pujol Senovilla L.
Working conditions and codes of conduct
Condiciones de trabajo y códigos de conducta [in Spanish]
This information note addresses the promotion of corporate social responsibility within an enterprise. Ethical principles in relation to globalization and multinational enterprises are discussed and three elements for the development of the human and social dimensions of an enterprise are outlined: codes of ethics, ethical audits and ethical committees.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2006. 7p. Illus. 25 ref.
http://www.mtas.es//insht/ntp/ntp_693.htm [in Spanish]
Guthrie R., Quinlan M.
The occupational safety and health rights and workers' compensation entitlements of illegal immigrants: An emerging challenge
The past two decades have witnessed a growing level of illegal immigration, particularly into Western Europe, North America and Australia. This article examines the occupational safety and health and workers' compensation obligations of employers who engage illegal entrants, or persons working contrary to visa requirements, and the rights of those workers. While the primary focus of the paper is on the Australian experience, comparison is made to the situation in the United States Europe. Available evidence indicates that foreigners working illegally are more likely to be subjected to exploitative (in terms of wages and conditions) and unsafe employment practices. Although occupational safety and health statutes in Australia impose an obligation on employers to safeguard all people on their premises even if they are not employees, ensuring that illegal immigrants are protected effectively requires dedicated measures, something government agencies are only beginning to consider. Furthermore, in Australia and the United States, employers may be liable to make workers' compensation payments to illegal workers, although court decisions with regard to such claims are inconsistent and ambiguous. The article concludes by identifying policy interventions that may remedy these problems.
Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, 2005, p.41-61. 78 ref.
The_occupational_safety_and_health_rights_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
XVIIth world congress on safety and health at work: Prevention in a globalized world - Success through partnerships
CD-ROM of the XVIIth World Congress on Safety and Health at Work held in Orlando, Florida, USA, 18-22 September 2005. It contains the manuscripts of the communications and posters presented at the Congress in MS Word format (and in some cases in PDF format). The themes of the 2005 World Congress included: impact of globalization - opportunities and risks; leadership in safety and health; challenges in a changing world of work; prevention is a value in a globalized world.
National Safety Council, 1121 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca, Illinois 60143-3201, USA, 2005. CD-ROM.
Unity beyond differences: The need for an integrated labour inspection system (ILIS)
Einheit über die Unterschiede hinaus: die Notwendigkeit eines integrierten Gewerbeaufsichtssystems (ILIS - Integrated labour inspection system) [in German]
La diversité dans l'unité: vers un système intégré d'inspection du travail (SIIT) [in French]
La diversidad en la unidad: hacia un sistema integrado de inspección del trabajo (SIIT) [in Spanish]
Final report of a conference on labour inspection systems held in Mondorf-les-Bains, Luxembourg, on 9-11 March 2005. Topics presented: need for strengthening labour inspection in a global economy; presentation of the Luxembourg Labour and Mines Inspectorate; towards a holistic approach to safety, health and work; strategies of the ILO and the European Union; importance of a tripartite partnership; role models of good practice in several countries (Vietnam, Brazil, South Africa, Kenya); ILO audit activities (Luxembourg, Serbia, Russia); examples of good practices at the company level; ratification and implementation of ILO conventions.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 35p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/labinsp/luxconf_rep.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/labinsp/luxconf_rep_f.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/labinsp/luxconf_rep_s.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/labinsp/luxconf_rep_g.pdf [in German]
The global challenges of labour inspection
Les grands défis mondiaux de l'inspection du travail [in French]
Los grandes desafíos mundiales de la inspección del trabajo [in Spanish]
This publication on labour inspection consists of a collection of articles grouped under the following headings: global challenges of labour inspection (including issues of globalization, the workplace and health, labour-management relations, the informal economy and difficulties faced by labour inspection); labour inspection in various countries and regions (including reports on Africa, Brazil, Singapore, Australia, Western Europe and Russia); integrated labour inspection systems (ILO strategy, steps for strengthening labour inspection, presentation of the International Association of Labour Inspection).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. viii, 84p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 15.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actrav/publ/140/140.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/actrav/publ/140/140.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/dialogue/actrav/publ/140/140.pdf [in Spanish]
Impact of globalisation on occupational safety, health and environment - What is to be done?
This article outlines the situation concerning occupational safety and health (OSH) in developing and emerging economies and argues that OSH should be considered as a development issue and should attract more support from aid agencies. Globalization issues that could potentially affect the safety and health of workers include the transfer of new technologies to developing countries and the establishment of export processing zones. Recommendations for future OSH developments in India are proposed.
INDOSHNEWS, Apr.-June 2005, Vol.10, No.2, p.8-13.
http://www.dgfasli.nic.in/newsletter/apr_jun05.pdf [in English]
Fair globalization - safe workplace: Policies, strategies and practices for sustainable development
Proceedings of a conference on fair globalization, safety at work and policies, strategies and practices for sustainable development held in Düsseldorf, Germany, 24-26 October 2005. The theme of the conference was strategies for reaching the goal of decent work for all through consolidated commitments at all levels and stronger labour inspection services worldwide. Topics covered include: experiences in technical cooperation for sustainable development; OSH economics and social balance in a globalized world; OSH and corporate social responsibility; corporate health policy; musculoskeletal prevention; regulation of dangerous substances; innovative concepts for safety at work; OSH in small enterprises; work safety culture building; ILO strategies for labour inspection; effective enforcement of integrated labour inspection policy; occupational health and equity.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. Internet document.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/labinsp/dussconf/index.htm [in English]
The global challenges of labour inspection
Les grands défis mondiaux de l'inspection du travail [in French]
Los grandes desafíos mundiales de la inspección del trabajo [in Spanish]
Collection of papers which examine paths towards more efficient labour inspection. Papers include: globalization, workplace and health; unions and labour inspection; the informal economy; experiences of labour inspection in Africa, Brazil, Singapore, Australia, Western Europe, Russia and the CIS; integrated labour inspection systems and the strategy of the ILO; steps for strengthening labour inspection; the International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI).
Labour Education, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. viii, 84p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actrav/publ/140/140.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/dialogue/actrav/publ/140/140.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/actrav/publ/140/140.pdf [in French]
Vainio H., Lehtinen S.
International conference on occupational health services 2005
Selection of articles presented at an international conference on occupational health services held in Helsinki, Finland, 25-27 January 2005. Among the topics addressed: structure, content and objectives of occupational health services; occupational health services as an element of national occupational safety and health systems; challenges to occupational safety and health due to globalization; aspects of occupational health services in Denmark, France, Finland and Singapore; screening for alcoholism in Finland; special issues related to young workers; human resource management in occupational health services; CD-ROM-based training in hazard control.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2005, Suppl.1, p.1-78 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Regulating safety at work: The recovery of an idea
This article sets out the key findings of a review of the activities of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) from 1996 to 2001 and identifies a significant decrease in inspections and an increase in investigations. It is argued that, while there is a wide range of evidence indicating that enforcement has a key role to play in improving standards of occupational safety, the government seems set on a path away from enforcement towards a greater focus on advice and education. The impact of globalization on the relative feasibility of regulatory options is discussed and it is concluded that external inspection, backed by a credible threat of enforcement action, is a necessary condition of an effective regulatory regime.
Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, 2005, Vol.3, No.1, p.5-16. 27 ref.
Disease of civilization: historical and systematic review of a paradigm of stress-related disorders
Zivilisationskrankheit: Historisches und Systematisches zu einem Paradigma der Stress-Erkrankungen [in German]
Maladie de civilisation: historique et systématique d'un paradigme des affections liées au stress [in French]
This article addresses the question of whether modern societies cause ill health. Considers whether working conditions in a world subject to a globalisation process cause specific diseases and whether the consequences of stress on health therefore constitute a form of disease of civilization. Contents: disease models and the concept of disease of civilization; historical development of the concept of neurasthenia; stress as a form of disease of civilization.
Informations médicales - Medizinische Mitteilungen, 2005, No.76, p.31-42. 21 ref.
Workers' health: Contributions to a failed subject
La salud de los trabajadores: contribuciones para una asignatura pendiente [in Spanish]
This publication addresses issues related to the safety and health of workers in Latin America. Chapters cover the following main topics: pathologies and hazards at the place of work (cancer, reproductive or developmental effects, endocrine effects, pesticides, methodology for the medical supervision of workers, hazards in hospital settings); benefits and gaps in social security coverage in the field of occupational safety and health; analysis of occupational safety and health issues in Latin America and actions to be undertaken; improvements in working conditions; analysis of accident causes and safety and health training; major occupational safety and health issues (globalization, inequalities and their consequences, economic aspects, codes of conduct, ethics).
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2005. 445p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
The safety of work equipment - User-oriented strategies for improving technical standards
Collection of articles on improving technical standards for work equipment, grouped under the following headings: globalization of standardization processes; participatory design of work equipment; feeding end-user information into work equipment design; research input into the participatory design of work equipment in Europe.
Newsletter of the European Trade Union Technical Bureau for Health and Safety - Bulletin d'information du Bureau technique syndical européen pour la santé et la sécurité, June 2008, No. 24-25, p.1-51 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/uk/dossiers/files/News24-25-EN.pdf [in English]
http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/fr/newsletter/files/FINAL-News24FRdef.pdf [in French]
Towards a fair deal for migrant workers in the global economy. International Labour Conference, 92nd Session, 2004
Der Weg zu einer fairen Behandlung von Wanderarbeitnehmern in der globalen Wirtschaft [in German]
Za spravedlivyj podhod k trudjaščimsja--migrantam v global¿noj ėkonomike [in Russian]
Une approche équitable pour les travailleurs migrants dans une économie mondialisée. Conférence internationale du Travail, 92e session, 2004 [in French]
En busca de un compromiso equitativo para los trabajadores migrantes en la economía globalizada [in Spanish]
This report examines the development and the consequences of labour migration in a globalizing world. A chapter on conditions of work and treatment of migrant workers covers: factors affecting conditions of work; conditions of work in agriculture, construction, manufacturing and services; most vulnerable groups of workers (women domestic workers, migrant workers in irregular situations and trafficked person); and occupational safety and health issues.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. v, 210p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/chinese/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-vi.pdf [in Chinese]
http://www.ilo.org/public/arabic/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-vi.pdf [in Arabic]
http://www.ilo.org/public/german/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-vi.pdf [in German]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-vi.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-vi.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-vi.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-vi.pdf [in Russian]
Innovation in organizations - The role of communication, expertise and occupational stress
Innovation is the key to economic survival in the highly competitive, global market place. Not surprisingly, interest in the determinants of innovation is extensive both in the academic literature and among practitioners in the field. This study examined the role of communication, utilization of expertise, individually experienced occupational stress and collective stress and coping in organizational innovation. The 50 organizations surveyed included small and medium-sized firms and large organizations from both the private and public sectors in Finland. Findings confirm the importance of open communications and low chronic stress in ensuring a favourable climate for innovation.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIOH-Bookstore, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2004. 65p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 18.00.
Alderton T., Bloor M., Kahveci E., Lane T., Sampson H., Thomas M., Winchester N., Wu B., Zhao M.
The global seafarer - Living and working conditions in a globalized industry
This study discusses the impact of globalization on seafarers from the standpoint of recruitment practices, role of trade unions and collective bargaining, training, certification, wages, contracts and tours of duty. A section is devoted to working conditions and occupational hazards. Despite the lack of comprehensive international data, there are indications of high fatality rates from occupational accidents among seafarers. Exposure hazards include those due to toxic substances being transported, and to asbestos in engine rooms. Bullying, loneliness, depression and suicide are also frequent in this population.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. xvi, 208p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Index. Price: CHF 30.00.
Report of the national 1999 conference on workplace safety and health training - Putting the pieces together and planning the challenges ahead
This report summarizes the deliberations during a conference on occupational safety and health training held in St. Louis (MO, USA) in 1999 for members of the OSH community. The conference addressed emerging issues in training especially in light of challenges posed by a global economy, advances in telecommunications, changes in workplace conditions and organizational practices, and changes in workforce demographics. Topics covered: needs and challenges; policy, regulations and standards; current perspectives and practices; developing OSH training interventions; evaluation of training and need for future research.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, Feb. 2004. xiii, 76p. 107 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-132/pdfs/2004-132.pdf [in English]
Review of occupational safety and health activities of the ILO
This information document was prepared for discussion during the thirteenth joint ILO/WHO committee on occupational health held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 9 to 12 September 2003. Topics addressed: social consequences of the globalization of the economy; review of key activities and achievements of the ILO in the area of occupational safety and health (including OSH standards, codes of practice, labour inspection, well-being at work, HIV/AIDS, meetings of experts, international collaboration, knowledge management and information exchange); areas for future collaboration; relation between OSH core standards and other ILO standards; ILO field capacities in OSH; recent ILO codes of practice, guidelines and meetings; ILO knowledge bases in OSH.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 47p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/health/session13/working_paper_3.pdf [in English]
Caborn J., Gold D.
An overview of selected references related to SOLVE
This literature survey reviews selected studies on psychosocial issues in the workplace. The five main issues considered are stress, violence, alcohol and drug use, HIV/AIDS and tobacco consumption. The impact of these issues on the workplace is outlined and their interrelationships are discussed in detail. The review supports the integrated approach adopted in the SOLVE methodology for the management of psychosocial issues in the workplace.
InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment (SafeWork), International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, Mar. 2003. 67 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/whpwb/solve/references.pdf [in English]
The asbestos war
Asbestos is still being sold despite overwhelming evidence linking it to debilitating and fatal disease. This issue on asbestos-related problems covers following aspects: the fight to ban asbestos; scientific controversy; statistics of malignant mesothelioma in Australia; legal actions for compensation in South Africa and France; history of asbestos mining in Southern Africa; cross-country comparative overview of the asbestos situation in ten Asian countries; asbestos-related morbidity in India; impact of asbestos waste around the Roro hills, India, on the neighbouring population's health; asbestos situation in Japan, Korea, Mexico and Belgium; globalization and the transfer of a hazardous industry.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, July-Sep. 2003, Vol.9, No.3, p.173-298 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/0903_KazanAllen.pdf (Introduction) [in English]
Giga S.I., Hoel H., Cooper C.L.
Violence and stress at work in the postal sector
Postal service providers have traditionally operated in non-competitive, monopolistic, highly unionized environments aimed at providing a social service without any obligation for long-term financial viability. Globalization, deregulation, new technology and changing customer needs have demanded major changes not only to the products and services that these organizations provide, but also more fundamentally to the way they function. These unremitting changes over the past couple of decades have strained relationships between managers, employees and employee representatives and have given rise to job insecurity, dissatisfaction and conflict among the work force. This working paper examines the issue of violence and stress at work in the postal sector. Contents: sector-specific environment as originator of violence and stress at work; scope of violence and stress in the portal sector and their impact the sector and its workforce; causes of workplace violence and stress in the sector; information collection and reporting on violence and stress; illustrative cases of violence and stress in the sector; prevention, reduction, management and coping strategies.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. vii, 24p. 52 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/postelcm/wp200.pdf [in English]
Giga S.I., Hoel H.
Violence and stress at work in financial services
Mergers and acquisitions, globalization, technological developments and related restructuring have introduced major changes in the way work is organized and done over the last few decades. The resulting modernization has led to the development of a number of concerns for workers in financial services, such as increasing time pressures, excessive work demands, role conflict, ergonomic insufficiencies, problematic customer relations and an increase in reported cases of violence and stress. This report reviews the literature on the prevalence, causes, consequences and prevention of violence and stress from a financial sector perspective. Contents: sector-specific environment as originator of violence and stress at work; scope of violence and stress in the financial services and its impact the sector and its workforce; information collection and reporting on violence and stress; illustrative cases of violence and stress in the sector; prevention, reduction, management and coping strategies.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 24p. 68 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/service/wp210.pdf [in English]
Tabbot P.N., Robson M.G., Breen K.P.
Foodborne pathogens: The risk to the health of merchant seafarers
Patógenos en los alimentos: un riesgo para la salud de los marinos mercantes [in Spanish]
Foodborne illness is a global problem posing new risks to human health. Emerging pathogens, globalization of the food supply, changes in human behaviour, international travel, microbial adaptation and a breakdown of the pubic health system are factors which contribute to the threat of new and dangerous disease agents. Merchant seafarers, because of their unique occupational setting, may be particularly vulnerable to potentially debilitating foodborne illnesses. Factors like close living quarters, communal meal eating, contact with labourers in ports and access to potentially-contaminated food represent special hazards for these workers. These hazards are discussed in this article, together with the appropriate prevention measures.
Medicina Marítima, June 2003, Vol.3, No.1, p.47-71. Illus. 91 ref.
Practical guide to chemical hazards
Guide pratique du risque chimique [in French]
This practical guide addresses all aspects of chemical hazards based on physical, chemical, toxicological and ecotoxicological data. Contents: prevention and protection; chemistry (definition, elements and compounds, inorganic and organic chemistry); chemical hazards; classification of chemical substances; hazardous locations; other hazards (cryogenic and pressurized fluids, mechanical and electrical hazards, radiation, biological hazards); prevention; management of chemical substances and chemical wastes; procedures to be followed in the event of dangerous situations.
Les éditions d'ergonomie, B.P. 138, 13267 Marseille Cedex 08, France, 2003. 245p. Illus. Price: EUR 40.00.
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