Safety and health information - 550 entries found
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Occupational safety and health glossary (ILO)
This glossary provides the Chinese-language equivalents of the 2590 occupational safety and health words and expressions provided in the 5-language glossary published by CIS in 1993 (see CIS 93-1857).
ILO Country Office for China and Mongolia, 1-10 Tayuan Diplomatic Office Building, 14 Liang Ma He Nan Lu, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100600, China, no date. 150p. Price: CNY 10.00.
GE's efforts on environment, health and safety
GE zai huan jing˛jian kang he an quan fang mian suo zuo de nu li [in Chinese]
This bilingual booklet in English and Chinese summarizes the policy of General Electric (GE) with respect to safety, health and environmental protection (SHE) in China. The main aspects of the policy consist of: complying with the requirements in China; complying with GE's global standards; using state-of-the art information systems for tracking SHE performance; information and training of personnel; auditing the SHE performance of suppliers.
GE (China) Co., Ltd., 6/F B1, Hanwei Plaza, No. 7 Guang Hua Road, Chao Yang District, Beijing, China, no date. 15p.
Summary of Occupational Safety and Health Statistics - 1st Half of 2012
Contents of these Hong Kong occupational safety and health statistics for the 1st Half of 2012: occupational injuries by economic activity and type of accident; industrial accidents by industry and type of accident; confirmed occupational diseases.
Occupational Safety and Health Branch, Labour Department, 16/F, Harbour Building, 38 Pier Road, Central, Hong Kong, Oct. 2012. 4p. Illus.
Summary_of_OSH_1st_Half_of_2012_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Elsler D., Heyer A., Kuhl K., Eeckelaert L., eds.
How to create economic incentives in occupational safety and health: A practical guide
This guide on economic incentives schemes is intended to serve as a practical and user-friendly guide to help incentive providers to create or optimize their own programmes. Incentives schemes should not only reward past results of good OSH management (such as low accident numbers), but should also reward specific prevention efforts that aim to reduce future accidents and ill-health. Therefore the expert group suggested the development of compilations of innovative and evidence-based preventive solutions, starting with the three sectors construction, health care and restaurants/catering.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, Dec. 2011. 32p. Illus. 12 ref.
How_to_create_economic_incentives_in_OSH_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Safe management of industrial steam and hot water boilers
There has been a significant increase in unmanned boilers, mainly due to improvements in the reliability of electronic control systems. This leaflet provides basic advice on the risks and regulatory requirements for the operation of steam boilers. It sets out the general principles of boiler safety for people with limited technical knowledge of boilers, such as owners, managers and supervisors, who do not have access to industry guidance.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2011. 10p. Illus. 6 ref.
Safe_management_of_industrial_steam_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Getting specialist help with health and safety
In many cases, businesses can manage safety and health themselves or with the help of in-house advisors. However, there are times when businesses need to get external help, particularly on more detailed or technical issues. This is often referred to as specialist help. Deciding exactly what help is needed is very important. This leaflet answers the questions that businesses need to ask when seeking external help.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Dec. 2011. 3p.
Getting_specialist_help_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Buying new machinery
This booklet is a short guide to the law and responsibilities when buying new machinery for use at work. It explains the main aspects of safety and health legislation that needs to be known by persons responsible for buying new machinery, including the United Kingdom Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008 which require in particular that machinery is safe when supplied,comes with a Declaration of Conformity and user instructions in English, and is CE marked. It includes checklists for buying and installing new machinery.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2011. 12p. 5 ref.
Buying_new_machinery_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Supplying new machinery
This booklet is a short guide to the law and responsibilities when supplying machinery for use at work. It explains the main safety and health requirements of the law and what needs to be done in practice to meet them. Besides CE marking, there are other legal requirements which are also important, and which are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2011. 10p. 5 ref.
Supplying_new_machinery_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Setting standards in health and safety
This guide aims to help raise safety and health performance across all levels and sectors of employment by outlining the competences that staff need, and how these can be developed. Topics addressed: what constitutes competence; setting levels of competence in safety and health; training; who needs training; developing and maintaining competence. Appendices include: the qualifications and credit framework; how the different qualification levels relate to each other; case study of competence in safety and health at a nuclear power utility in the United Kingdom.safety
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, Feb. 2011. 17p. 9 ref.
Setting_standards_in_health_and_safety_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Getting help with health and safety - Practical guidance on working with a consultant
This guide outlines the key steps to consider when engaging with a safety and health consultant. It addresses the key issues of consultant qualifications, where to find consultants and how to select the consultant best suited to the client's objectives.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, Feb. 2011. 9p.
Getting_help_with_health_and_safety_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Consultancy - Good practice guide
This guide offers good practice advice aimed at members of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health who work as consultants or are considering setting up a consultancy practice.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, Feb. 2011. 17p. 9 ref.
Consultancy_Good_practice_guide_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Reporting performance - Guidance on including health and safety performance in annual reports
This guide is aimed at occupational safety and health professionals and other persons responsible for internal and public reporting of organizational health and safety performance. It defines the various types of safety and health reports and the suitable level of reporting for each case.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, Feb. 2011. 7p. Illus. 17 ref.
Reporting_performance_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Systems in focus - Guidance on occupational safety and health management systems
This guide aims to support organizations planning to introduce occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems. Contents: introduction; main components of OSH management systems; overview of typical systems; regulatory and industry standards; whether management systems should be integrated; key features of an effective OSH management system; OSH management system certification; how to get started.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, May 2011. 28p. Illus. 37 ref.
Systems_in_focus_OSH_management_systems_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Prüss-Ustün A., Vickers C., Haefliger P., Bertollini R.
Knowns and unknowns on burden of disease due to chemicals: A systematic review
Little is known about the global disease burden related to chemicals. This literature survey analyzes the known burden related to selected chemicals or their mixtures. In total, 4.9 million deaths (8.3% of total) and 86 million disability-adjusted life years (5.7% of total) were attributable to environmental exposure and management of selected chemicals in 2004. The largest contributors include indoor smoke from solid fuel use, outdoor air pollution and second-hand smoke, with 2.0, 1.2 and 0.6 million deaths respectively. These are followed by occupational particulates, chemicals involved in acute poisonings, and pesticides involved in self-poisonings, with 375,000, 240,000 and 186,000 annual deaths, respectively. Other findings are discussed.
Environmental Health, 2011, No.10:9, 15p. Illus. 95 ref.
Knowns_and_unknowns_on_burden_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Occupational safety and health statistics 2011
Contents of these Hong Kong occupational safety and health statistics for the year 2011: occupational injuries by economic activity and type of accident; industrial accidents by industry and type of accident; confirmed occupational diseases; 10-year trends in industrial accidents and occupational injuries.
Occupational Safety and Health Branch, Labour Department, 16/F, Harbour Building, 38 Pier Road, Central, Hong Kong, Aug. 2012. 58p. Illus.
Occupational_safety_and_health_statistics_2011_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Bondéelle A., Brasseur G., Clergiot J., Ravallec C.
Subcontracting and occupational safety and health - Improving current practices
Sous-traitance et prévention - Faire évoluer les pratiques [in French]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational safety and health related to subcontracting: responsibilities of the contractor; subcontracting experiences of enterprises in various fields of activity (chemicals, cables, security, live performances).
Travail et sécurité, Sep. 2011, No.720, p.16-31. Illus. 10 ref.
Sous-traitance_et_prévention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]
Menvielle G., Leclerc A.
Statistical and epidemiological glossary
Glossaire statistique et épidémiologique [in French]
This article presents a glossary of the most frequently-used terms in the field of epidemiology. It is preceded by an English-French lexicon.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, 4th Quarter. 2011, No.173, 18p. Illus. 26 ref.
Glossaire_statistique_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in French]
Leclercq S., Saulnier H., Chapouthier A.
Striking, slipping and other interruptions to movement at the place of work
Les heurts, glissades et autres perturbations du mouvement au travail [in French]
Each year in France, more than 200,000 incidences of striking, slipping, being caught or other involuntary interruptions to movement are the cause of occupational accidents with lost work time. Such accidents represent roughly one third of all accidents with loss of work time. All sectors of activity and all occupations are affected. Contents of this practical information sheet on accidents caused by involuntary interruptions to movement: definitions; accident statistics; difficulties in implementing preventive measures; hazards; possible preventive measures, It replaces the previous version published in 1985 ( CIS 05-713).
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 2011, No.722, 2p. Illus. 8 ref. Insert. Price: EUR 1.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Les_heurts_glissades_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]
Ministerio del trabajo y seguridad social
What do you want to be when you grow up?
¿Qué querés ser cuando seas grande? [in Spanish]
Aimed at children to help them understand the world of work, this book is published jointly by the Uruguayan Ministry of Labour and Social Security (MTSS) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). It describes more than 100 jobs, including certain basic aspects of occupational safety and health.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2011. 153p. Illus. Index.
Qué_querés_ser_cuando_seas_grande_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in Spanish]
OSH management system: A tool for continual improvement
Système de gestion de la SST: un outil pour une amélioration continue [in French]
Sistema de gestión de la SST: una herramienta para la mejora continua [in Spanish]
This booklet is a basic introduction to OSH management systems (OSHMSs). During the last decade, the approach of OSHMS has become popular and has been introduced in both industrialized and developing countries. The ways for promoting its application vary from legal requirements to voluntary use. Experience shows that OSHMS is a logical and useful tool for the promotion of continual improvement of OSH performance at the organization's level. Key elements for its successful application include ensuring management commitment and active participation of workers in the joint implementation. It is expected that more and more countries integrate OSHMS in national OSH programmes as a means to strategically promote the development of sustainable mechanisms for OSH improvements in the organizations.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2011. 24p. Illus. 16 ref.
OSH_management_system_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Système_de_gestion_de_la_SST_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]
Sistema_de_gestión_de_la_SST_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in Spanish]
ILO introductory report: Global trends and challenges on occupational safety and health: XIX World congress on safety and health at work
Intended at preliminary background material for delegates attending the XIX World Congress on Safety and Health at Work held in Istanbul, Turkey, 11-15 September 2011, this report reviews some of the achievements and challenges of the last three years since the adoption of the Seoul Declaration on Safety and Health. Contents: promoting occupational safety and health (OSH) in the world of work today; OSH and the global economic recession; estimates for fatal and non-fatal accidents and diseases; evolving patterns of employment and OSH; emerging risks and new technologies; building a global preventive safety and health culture, ILO action; looking to the future. The full text of the Seoul Declaration (see (a href="http://www.ilo.org/dyn/cisdoc2admin/cismain.details?p_lang=en&p_doc_id=110674"> see CIS 10-0186 ) is included as an appendix.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2011, v, 53p. Illus.
ILO_introductory_report:_Global_trends_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Kortum E., eds.
Workers' health: Ongoing activities
Contents of this WHO newsletter: occupational health in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases; chemical safety in the workplace, role of the international chemical safety cards; scaling up basic occupational health services; updates on protecting the occupational health of health workers; HEALTHWISE, a participatory methodology adapted by WHO and ILO for the health sector based on the ILO Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE); country and regional activities with reports from Japan, Ghana, Korea, Netherlands; conference announcements; conference reports; news; new publications.
WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland, 2011, 30p. Illus.
GOHNET_Newlsetter_No_18.pdf [in English]
Scheil-Adlung X., Bonnet F.
Beyond legal coverage: Assessing the performance of social health protection
Eine Erfolgsbeurteilung des sozialen Gesundheitsschutzes über die gesetzlich verankerte Deckung hinaus [in German]
Au-delà du cadre de la couverture légale: évaluer la performance de la protection sociale de la santé [in French]
Más allá de la cobertura jurídica: evaluación del rendimiento de la protección social de la salud [in Spanish]
A frequently-used indicator to measure social health protection performance is the extent of population coverage as stipulated in national legislation. However, this indicator does not provide meaningful information on performance in terms of effective access to benefits that are available, affordable and of acceptable quality, not least for the poor and workers in informal economies. This article proposes a new approach to measuring performance by applying a set of relevant indicators in an analytical framework for assessing the performance of social health protection. The approach allows policy-makers to conclude from comparisons among groups of countries facing similar challenges. Preliminary results include comprehensive information on deficits that need to be addressed when striving for effective universal coverage. With further refinement, the suggested approach could become a standard assessment tool for measuring performance.
International Social Security Review - Revue internationale de sécurité sociale, 3rd quarter 2011, Vol.64, No.3, p.21-38. Illus. 15 ref.
Beyond_legal_coverage.pdf [in English]
The unexpected aspects of occupational health
Les dimensions insoupçonnées de la santé au travail [in French]
Contents of this publication on occupational health: work and health; current situation of occupational health; issues raised by the general apathy; occupational health, a wide-ranging topic with yet unsuspected challenges; pathways towards improved societal health; current situation and conclusions.
Editions l'Harmattan, 5-7 rue de l'Ecole Polytechnique, 75005, Paris, France, 2011, 283p. Illus. Price: EUR 27.50.
2010 Facts and figures
Faits et chiffres 2010 [in French]
This publication presents the main activities undertaken by INRS during 2010. It is aimed both at INRS cooperating institutions and at non-specialists in the field of occupational safety and health. Contents: interview of the INRS Director General; 2010 timeline; focus on nine topics; occupational safety and health in SMEs; international relations; governing body and management team.
National Institute for Research and Security, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, June 2011. 39p. Illus.
Faits_et_chiffres_2010.pdf [in French]
Technology statistics 2010
Statistiques technologiques 2010 [in French]
Compared to 2009, the number of occupational accidents in France in 2010 increased by 1.1%, while the corresponding frequency index decreased from 23.4 to 23.2 accidents per 1000 employees. While fatal occupational accidents had seen a decrease of 5.4% in 2009, they decreased by a further 1.7% in 2010. Occupational diseases increased by 2.7%, reaching 50,688 recorded cases in 2010. Commuting accidents involving a loss of work time increased by 4.9%, with commuting accident fatalities increasing by 0.8%. This article presents these statistics by main sector of activity.
Travail et sécurité, Oct. 2011, No.721, p.47-51. Illus.
Statistiques_technologiques_2010.pdf [in French]
Ravallec C., Brasseur G., Lemarié J.
Seasonal work - Remaining alert to safety while on vacation
Travail saisonnier - La sécurité en éveil pendant les vacances [in French]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational hazards related to seasonal work and their prevention: responsibilities of employers; legal aspects; agricultural seasonal workers; consciousness-raising comic album aimed at workers in hospitality and catering; work-sharing system developed by a group of employers in a tourist region of France; management of seasonal workers at an aquatic park; practical cases (aquatic park, pleasure boats, manufacture of blinds, luxury hotel).
Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 2011, No.719, p.18-33. Illus. 4 ref.
Travail_saisonnier.pdf [in French]
Ferreira Jensen T., Gracias Vieira Filho A.
Nanotechnologies: Wonders and uncertainties in the universe of chemistry
Nanotecnologías: maravilhas y incertidumbres en el universo de la química [in Portuguese]
This booklet explains nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the form of a comic strip. It discusses the possible hazards of this new technology to health and the environment by introducing three characters working in a chemical products transport and delivery enterprise who visit a nanotechnology trade fair and a chemical company where various aspects of nanotechnology are explained in simple language. See also ISN 112118.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2011, 24p. Illus.
Nanotecnologías:_maravilhas.pdf [in Portuguese]
Custódio Pinto A., Gracias Vieira A.
Nanotechnology - Transport to a new universe
Nanotecnología - Transporte a un nuevo universo [in Spanish]
Presented in the form of a comic strip involving three characters working in a chemical products transport and delivery enterprise, this booklet introduces nanotechnology and discusses existing questions concerning the possible risks from nanomaterials to health and the environment. See also ISN 112119.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2011. 20p. Illus.
Nanotechnology.pdf [in English]
Nanotecnología.pdf [in Spanish]
Pavlič M., Likar B., Pavlič A., Markič M.
Managing occupational injuries records in Slovenia from 1948 to 2008
The aim of this study was to examine and compare all publicly-accessible data on occupational injuries in Slovenia in the period from 1948 to 2008, obtained either from archives or websites. The data obtained from five different sources which have been formally collecting and presenting data on occupational injuries in Slovenia were reviewed. Since the early 1960s, there has been a significant decrease of fatal and non-fatal occupational injuries in Slovenia. Problems related to gathering and interpreting data on occupational injuries are also discussed with special emphasis on the diversity of models used for occupational injury data collection.
Safety Science, 2011, Vol.49, p.834-842. Illus. 26 ref.
Managing_occupational_injuries.pdf [in English]
Unite health and safety guide
Aimed at the 40.000 safety and health representatives of a large trade union, this guide explains their role within their organizations, with reference to the relevant legislation of the United Kingdom, namely: Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (see CIS 95-1930); Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (see CIS 02-1507);
Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 (see CIS 93-351);
Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006 (see CIS 08-754);
Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 (see CIS 06-1259);
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (see CIS 03-1023);
Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (see CIS 93-6).
Other topics addressed include safety inspections, bullying, stress, gender aspects of safety and health, disability and rehabilitation
Unite the Union, Unite House, 128 Theobalds Road, London WC1X 8TN, United Kingdom, July 2011, 130p. Illus. Index.
Unite_health_and safety_guide.pdf [in English]
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
Answers concerning the system for the prevention of occupational hazards - Approaches to medical commissions
Respuestas sobre el sistema de riesgos del trabajo - Trámites en comisiones médicas [in Spanish]
This document provides answers to frequently-asked questions about the Argentinean system of prevention of occupational hazards. Questions are grouped under the following headings: general interest questions; questions more specifically of interest to workers; questions more specifically of interest to employers; questions of interest to other stakeholders; dealing with medical commissions.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Bartolomé Mitre 751, C1036AAM Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2011. 30p. pdf document.
Kriebel D., Jacobs M.M., Markkanen P., Tickner J.
Lessons learned - Solutions for workplace safety and health
This report documents six case studies of systemic failures in protecting workers from injury and illness, and outlines some paths forward that can more effectively protect workers, the communities in which they live, consumers and the environment, while stimulating innovation in safer forms of production.
Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 01854, USA, 2011. 129p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Lessons_learned.pdf [in English]
European good practice awards 2010-2011 - Healthy workplaces: A European campaign on safe maintenance
As part of the European campaign 2010-11 on safe maintenance, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) organized the European Good Practice Awards Competition (the tenth such competition), aiming to identify examples of good practice in the management of occupational safety and health during maintenance. The awards recognize organizations that have made an outstanding and innovative contribution to safe maintenance. Through the competition, EU-OSHA promotes good practice solutions. Forty entries from 22 Member States and Turkey were received, including organisations of all sizes and from a wide variety of industrial sectors. An evaluation panel, the Good Practice Awards Jury including representatives of the four interest groups of the EU-OSHA board and an expert in the subject, validated and assessed the national examples submitted, and selected a small number of award winners and commended examples.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2011. 32p. Illus.
European_good_practice_awards.pdf [in English]
Managing risks to drivers in road transport: Good practice cases
La gestion des risques pour les conducteurs dans le transport routier: cas de bonne pratique [in French]
Gestión de los riesgos de los conductores en el transporte por carretera: ejemplos de buenas prácticas [in Spanish]
In the road transport sector, as with any other, it is important to pay
attention to working conditions in order to ensure a skilled and motivated workforce. Certain characteristics of the sector make it more difficult to practice risk management than in other sectors. But by taking account of how the sector operates in practice, and the characteristics of drivers themselves and the way they work, risks can be successfully managed. This fact sheet summarizes a report of case studies in managing risks to road transport drivers published by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. The full report is available here. The cases feature a variety of initiatives and interventions to protect road transport drivers.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2011. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
Facts_98/EN.pdf [in English]
Facts_98/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_98/ES.pdf [in Spanish]
Delivering the message - Campaigning on OSH in the road transport sector
Faire passer le message - Campagne sur la SST dans le secteur du transport routier [in French]
Difundiendo el mensaje: campaña sobre SST en el sector del transporte por carretera [in Spanish]
This fact sheet presents the main findings from a report containing
examples of campaigns and initiatives to improve occupational
safety and health (OSH) in the road transport sector. The full report is available here.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2011. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
Facts_97/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_97/ES.pdf [in Spanish]
Facts_97/EN.pdf [in English]
Emergency exists and escape ways - Proper signalling and maintenance are musts
Notausgänge: Gute Kennzeichnung und Wartung sind ein Muss [in German]
Sorties de secours: une signalisation et une maintenance exemplaires sont une nécessité [in French]
Emergency exits and escape ways are subject to specific requirements: they should always be clear; they should be rapidly openable at all times towards the outside; they should be immediately found in cases of emergency by means of appropriate signaling and lighting. These requirements are summarized in this article, with reference to Swiss labour legislation and fire protection regulations.
IZA - Sicherheit und Gesundheit, 2011, No.2, p.12-15 Illus.
Kurnatowski P., Warpechowska M., Kurnatowska A.J.
Knowledge on Lyme disease among foresters
The main aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge on Lyme disease among people whose profession involves working in the forest in Poland. The study was performed on 159 subjects. Only 15% were aware of the etiological factor of disease, while 98% were aware of the main cause of infection and route of pathogen transmission. It is concluded that information on Lyme disease, particularly among highly-exposed workers, is not satisfactory. Little knowledge on tick risk among secondary school students highlights the need for cooperation between teachers, epidemiologists, and health service providers in order to propagate the knowledge on parasites, symptoms, disease propagation and methods of prevention.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 2011, Vol.24, No.1, p.78-93. 24 ref.
Breslin F.C., Morassaei S., Wood M., Mustard C.A.
Assessing occupational health and safety of young workers who use youth employment centers
Adolescents and young adults are at elevated risk for a work injury. To obtain more information on this "high risk" group of young workers, young people at youth employment centers across Ontario were asked through an online survey about training, unsafe work conditions, work injuries and safety knowledge. The 1,886 youth who completed the survey reported a medically-attended work injury rate of 14.45 per 100 full-time equivalents. The most common unsafe work conditions were dust, trip hazards and heavy lifting. In addition, many young workers reported using much of their income for living essentials (e.g., rent). This suggests that prevention efforts should target this vulnerable subgroup. Implications of these findings are discussed.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2011, Vol.54, p.325-337. Illus. 21 ref.
Human rights and health: Opportunities to advance rural occupational health
Human rights discourse is rarely used to shape professional standards for health and safety. Yet there is much potential for synergy by applying human rights approaches to workplace safety and health, and professional ethics. A review of international treaties confirms an extensive articulation of the right to workplace health and safety. A case study of pesticide exposure risks to small farmers in developing countries illustrates the links between human rights, occupational health practice and professional ethics. Occupational health professionals have a responsibility to assist in the realization of workers' occupational health rights, particularly by promoting meaningful participation of those affected by hazardous exposures. Human rights approaches may assist the prevention of work-related morbidity.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1st quarter 2011, Vol. 17, No.1, p.80-92. 96 ref.
Hämäläinen P.H., Saarela K.L., Takala J.
Global estimates of fatal work-related diseases by region and disease group, 2002
Occupational diseases are multifactorial diseases among the working population that have a heavy impact on workers, enterprises and society. This study calculated estimates for 2002, using global regional estimates of disease mortality, and adjusted attributable fractions produced for work-related diseases in Finland. The estimated number of fatal work-related diseases is about two million worldwide. The most common fatal work-related disease groups are cancers (25%), circulatory diseases (21%), and communicable diseases (28%).
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1st quarter 2011, Vol. 17, No.1, p.49-56. Illus. 45 ref.
Global_estimates_of_fatal_work-related_diseases.pdf [in English]
Abas A.B.L., Said A.R.E.B.M., Mohammed M.A.B.A., Sathiakumar N.
Non-fatal occupational injuries among non-governmental employees in Malaysia
This study is based on the analysis of data on non-fatal occupational injuries reported to Malaysia's social security organization from 2002 to 2006. There was a decrease in both the absolute number and the incidence rates of these injuries over time. About 40% of cases occurred in the manufacturing sector followed by the services (17%) and trading (17%) sectors. Agriculture sector reported the highest incidence rate (24.1/1000), followed by the manufacturing sector subcategories of wood-product manufacturing (22.1/1000) and non-metallic industries (20.8/1000). Men aged 40 to 59 and persons of Indian ethnicity had a greater tendency to sustain injuries. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1st quarter 2011, Vol. 17, No.1, p.38-48. Illus. 37 ref.
OSHA - NIOSH Worker Info: Protect yourself - Spirometry breathing test
Inhalation of some dusts, gases, or other air contaminants at the workplace as well as some personal exposures, such as cigarette smoking, can harm worker's lungs. Spirometry testing may identify breathing problems early, which may prevent more serious problems. Regulations specify spirometry testing on workers who perform job tasks that are physically demanding, require wearing a respirator and are exposed to possible breathing hazards. Aimed at workers, this information note explains what is involved in spirometry testing. See also ISN 111239.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Mar. 2011. Internet document, PDF format, 1p. Illus.
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2011-132.pdf [in English]
Exposure limits at the workplace 2011
Grenzwerte am Arbeitsplatz 2011 [in German]
Valeurs limites d'exposition aux postes de travail 2011 [in French]
List of exposure limits at the workplace for 2011 in Switzerland. Contents: exposure limits for harmful substances; list of average and limit exposure values; permissible biological exposure indices; permissible values for physical agents at the workplace (ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation, noise and vibration, compressed air, infrared radiation). Replaces CIS 09-249.
Suva, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2001. 156p. Illus.
SUVA_1903.d.pdf [in German]
SUVA_1903.f.pdf [in French]
Bonneterre V., Faisandier L., Bicout D., Bernardet C., Piollat J., Ameille J., de Clavière C., Aptel M., Lasfargues G., de Gaudemaris R.
Programmed health surveillance and detection of emerging diseases in occupational health: Contribution of the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P)
The French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) includes the 30 occupational disease consultation centres in university hospitals to which patients are referred for potentially work-related diseases, and an occupational health service. This article explains the RNV3P system and its contribution to national health surveillance in France. It collects data from two complementary samples: 30 university hospital centres (workers or former workers) and an occupational health service (current workers). This dual approach is useful for surveillance and for hypothesis generation on new emerging disease-exposure associations.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2010, Vol.67, No.3, p.178-186. Illus. 32 ref.
Programmed_health_surveillance_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
van Dijk F.J., Verbeek J.H., Hoving J.L., Hulshof C.T.
A knowledge infrastructure for occupational safety and health
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) professionals should use scientific evidence to support their decisions in policy and practice. This article reviews several practical examples, which show that although progress has been made in evidence-based decision making, there is a challenge to improve and extend the facilities that support knowledge translation in practice. A knowledge infrastructure that supports OSH practice should include scientific research, systematic reviews, practice guidelines, and other tools for professionals such as well accessible virtual libraries and databases providing knowledge, quality tools, and good learning materials.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2010, Vol.52, No.12, p.1262-1268. Illus. 68 ref.
A_knowledge_infrastructure_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Yearbook of Labour Statistics 2010
Annuaire des statistiques du travail 2010 [in French]
Anuario de estadísticas del trabajo 2010 [in Spanish]
Starting from the year 2010, the Yearbook of Labour Statistics is no longer available in print form but only on CD-ROM. It contains the same complete time series and country profiles for the statistics shown in the printed version. It provides over 40 years of data, against the 10 years covered in the printed editions and includes, in addition, the 10 volumes of series Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics to complement the brief explanations given in the Yearbook tables. The CD-ROM presents 31 tables corresponding to the nine major substantive chapters on economically active population, employment, unemployment, hours of work, wages, labour cost, consumer prices, occupational injuries, and strikes and lockouts. Audience: Labour statisticians, specialists in labour market policy, economists, governments, employers' and workers' organizations, researchers. Further information can be obtained from the ILO Labour Statistics web page.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 69th issue, 2010, CD-ROM. Price: CHF 435; USD 415; GBP 260; EUR 290.
Yearbook_of_Labour_Statistics_2010_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Napo in... Safe moves
In this DVD, the cartoon character Napo shows that workplace transport must be well organized to reduce risks and manage hazards properly. This requires planning and monitoring by senior managers, risk assessment and appropriate action by employees who should be trained. Scenes include site, people and vehicle safety, maintenance, visibility, reversing and loading.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. DVD.
Napo_in_Safe_moves_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
The_Napo_series_of_films_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Napo stories - Safety with a smile
Collection of 12 films portraying cartoon character Napo. Topics addressed: safety signs; cleaning; noise; young workers; manual lifting; chemicals; skin protection; maintenance.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. Two DVD-ROMs.
Napo_stories_Safety_with_a_smile_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
The_Napo_series_of_films_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Hein C., Cassirer N.
Workplace solutions for childcare
For parents who work or would like to work, childcare is a problem that is almost universal. Workplace partnerships are effective for working parents considering childcare solutions. The focus of this book is on why workplace partners around the world have become involved in childcare and about the nature of programmes that have been implemented. Partnership is a key theme, and the authors highlight the fruitfulness of collaborations that combine the resources and capabilities of different actors. Ten countries, industrialized and developing, are examined through a national overview on policies and facilities for childcare and the implications for working parents, followed by case studies of specific workplaces. By showing how support for childcare has been organized and funded in a variety of workplaces and the diversity of the partnerships which have evolved in both developing and industrialized countries, as well as the limitations and challenges they face, this book should be helpful to policy-makers and workplace partners who are concerned to find practical solutions for helping working parents with their childcare needs.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010, xii, 462p. Illus. Approx. 200 ref. Index. Price: CHF 40.00.
Workplace_solutions_for_childcare_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Emerging risks and new patterns of prevention in a changing world of work
Risques émergents et nouvelles formes de prévention dans un monde du travail en mutation [in French]
Riesgos emergentes y nuevos modelos de prevención en un mundo de trabajo en transformación [in Spanish]
This booklet calls for the design and development of innovative national and regional strategies and programmes for facing the challenge of new hazards, emphasizing the roles of governments, employers' and workers' organizations, safety and health practitioners and other stakeholders. It also recognizes ILO's responsibility in spreading a preventive culture, through its standards and technical know-how, looking forward to a joint effort in reducing work-related fatalities, accidents and diseases.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010. 17p. Illus.
Emerging_risks_and_new_patterns_of_prevention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Risques_émergents_et_nouvelles_formes_de_prévention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]
Riesgos_emergentes_y_nuevos_modelos_de_prevención_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in Spanish]
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