Mycoses - 71 entries found
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Capone L., Consiglio E., Fulgenzi A.E., Jarés E., Labbate A., Poropat A.
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
Occupational respiratory diseases
Patología respiratoria de origen ocupacional [in Spanish]
Proceedings of five workshops on occupational respiratory diseases organized in Buenos Aires, Argentina, by the Argentinian labour inspectorate (Spanish acronym SRT), during which statistical data were presented and various cases were discussed. Workshops were held on the following topics: occupational asthma; occupational respiratory infections; chronic obstructive bronchopneumopathies (COBP); pleural diseases; interstitial lung diseases.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Bartolomé Mitre 751, C1036AAM Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2007. 103p. Illus. 2 ref.
Morales-Suárez-Varela M.M., Olsen J., Johansen P., Kaerlev L., Guénel P., Arveux P., Wingren G., Hardell L., Ahrens W., Stang A., Llopis A., Merletti F., Aurrekoetxea J.J., Masala G.
Occupational risk factors for mycosis fungoides: A European multicenter case-control study
The objective of this case-control study conducted from 1995 to 1997 in several hospitals across Europe was to search for possible occupational factors associated with mycosis fungoides (MF), a chronic cutaneous lymphoma. 134 patients aged between 35 and 69 diagnosed with MF were identified and their diagnoses were checked by a second pathologist. Of the 118 histologically-verified cases, 104 were interviewed, of which 76 were definitive cases. 833 colon cancer controls and 2071 population-based controls were also interviewed A high risk of MF for men was observed in non-metallic mineral products industries (odds ratio (OR) 5.3), among glass and ceramics workers (OR 17.9), among technical salesmen (OR 8.6) and in the wholesale trade (OR 3.6). For women, a high risk was found in paper pulp manufacturing (OR 14.4), as well as among government executives (OR 4.8) and railway and road vehicle loaders (OR 3.9).
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2004, Vol.46, No.3, p.205-211. 28 ref.
Lenhart S.W., Schafer M.P., Singal M., Hajjeh R.A.
Histoplasmosis - Protecting workers at risk
This booklet is a revised edition of the document analyzed under CIS 97-2064. It describes the nature and causes of histoplasmosis, an infectious disease caused by inhaling spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Main topics covered: definition of histoplasmosis; diagnosis; jobs and activities at risk of exposure to H. capsulatum spores; precautions to reduce exposure; selection and use of respirators; other personal protective equipment; other infectious agents to which workers could be exposed; further sources of information.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, Dec. 2004. Rev.ed. vi, 31p. Illus. 146 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2005-109/pdfs/2005-109.pdf [in English]
González Rodríguez M.M., García Puente N.E.
Biological hazards in ocean fishing
Riesgos biológicos en la pesca marítima [in Spanish]
This information note describes the biological hazards to which ocean fishermen are exposed, together with the preventive measures aimed at reducing these risks. Contents: general aspects; handling of the catch; specific diseases affecting fishermen (furuncles due to salt water, pruritus or eruptions due to algae, urticaria from cod, conjunctivitis, dermatomycosis, asthma, bacterial infections, injuries from stings, contact with or bites by marine animals); preventive measures; infectious diseases; vaccination and prophylaxis.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 8p. 15 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_625.htm [in Spanish]
Adverse human health effects associated with molds in the indoor environment
Review article on adverse effects associated with moulds in the indoor environment. Contents: allergy and hypersensitivity reactions (hypersensitivity pneumonitis, uncommon allergic syndromes); fungal infections; mycotoxins; recommendations on minimizing exposure to moulds among persons with allergic airway disease, on sampling and analysing, on cleaning indoor fabrics contaminated with moulds and on medical examinations.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2003, Vol.45, No.5, p.470-478. 83 ref.
Smith H.R., Holloway D., Armstrong D.K.B., Whittam L., White I.R., Rycroft R.J.G., McFadden J.P.
Association between tinea manuum and male manual workers
In order to test the hypothesis that tinea manuum (fungal infection of the hands) predominantly occurs in manual workers, a statistical analysis of 23,264 patients (41% male) with hand dermatitis previously patch tested was carried out showing that 48% performed work with a significant manual component. During the same period 52 patients (47 male) showed tinea manuum. 42 (39 male) were in work with a significant manual component. The five most common occupations in this population were: car mechanic, machine operator, gas/electricity worker, chemical process worker and farm worker. Manual workers develop hyperkeratosis of the skin, which provides an enhanced environment for keratinophyllic dermatophytes. The female population was too small to allow analysis.
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 2000, Vol.42, No.1, p.45. 3 ref.
Martí Solé M.C., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Constans Aubert A.
Biological risk prevention in the laboratory: Work with fungi
Prevención del riesgo biológico en el laboratorio: trabajo con hongos [in Spanish]
This information note is addresses to the issue of the various species of fungi that can present a hazard to workers who handle them in laboratories. It describes the different types of mycoses associated these fungi (generalized mycoses, subcutaneous mycoses, dermatomycoses or superficial mycoses), the characteristics of fungi, yeasts and moulds as well as the hazards and biological safety measures (confinement level) associated with each species. Safety measures applicable to the handling and disposal of fungal cultures in laboratories are also discussed.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 4p. 9 ref.
Parat S., Perdrix A.
Air conditioning and health
Climatisation et santé [in French]
Topics: aerosols; air conditioner disease; air conditioning; aspergillosis; bacterial toxins; bronchiolitis; data sheet; encyclopaedia; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; extrinsic allergic alveolitis; filter dust collectors; France; health hazards; immuno-allergy; interleukins; legionellosis; mycotoxins; organic dust; risk factors; sick building syndrome; workplaces.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 1st Quarter 1999, No.122, 6p. Illus. 71 ref.
Ungváry G., Morvai V., Nagy I.
Health risk of unemployment
As a result of the political and economic changes of the last decade, unemployment in Hungary has grown from practically zero to around half a million, or close to 10% of the workforce. The impact of unemployment on health is examined, mostly on the basis of published literature from other developed counties. Despite the limited availability of published statistics, it is concluded that the pattern of health damage caused by unemployment in Hungary is largely similar to that observed in developed industrialized counties, with a few specific differences such as mycosal skin diseases related to poor hygienic conditions.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1999, Vol.5, No.2, p.91-112. Illus. 81 ref.
Serviço Social da Indústria (SESI)
STDs and AIDS at the place of work - Study of awareness, attitudes and practices in enterprises where SESI undertook preventive programmes
DST e AIDS no local de trabalho - Um estudo sobre conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas nas empresas trabalhadas pelo SESI [in Portuguese]
This study investigated the awareness of sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) and AIDS among 4893 workers in 123 enterprises where the Brazilian social service for industry (SESI) had undertaken preventive programmes. The analysis of answers to a 34-item questionnaire revealed that although workers were well aware of the mode of transmission of these diseases and of their prevention, certain unfounded beliefs and discriminatory attitudes towards infected workers persisted. Only few workers regularly used condoms. The study highlights the need for more thorough information in order to close certain gaps.
Ministério do Saúde do Brazil, Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco G, CEP 70058-900 Brasília-DF, Brazil, 1998. 91p. Illus.
Lenhart S.W., et al.
Histoplasmosis - Protecting workers at risk
This booklet describes the nature and causes of histoplasmosis, an infectious disease caused by inhaling spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. The fungus grows in soils, especially those enriched with bird or bat manure. Precautions should be taken by workers who may be in contact with contaminated soil or manure. Guidance is given on the selection of appropriate respirators for protection against inhalation exposure to airborne dust containing the fungus. Summary in Spanish.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Sep. 1997. vi, 28p. 106 ref.
Infectious diseases and the mining industry
Topics: arthropoda; Australia; hookworm infections; infectious diseases; lung diseases; malaria; mining industry; sporotrichosis; viruses.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1996, Vol.12, No.6, p.725-729.
Skogstad M., Levy F.
Occupational irritant contact dermatitis and fungal infection in construction workers
A study was made of six construction workers who developed chronic skin diseases on their hands over a period of 15 years. Four developed Trichophyton rubrum infection, and the other two an irritant contact dermatitis. All of them carried out jobs which caused traumatization of the skin due to the presence of ethylene glycol and mineral oils during operation of pneumatic hammers in winter. Construction workers may be at risk of developing an occupational skin disease involving fungal infection.
Contact Dermatitis, July 1994. Vol.31, No.1, p.28-30. 6 ref.
Thompson P.J., Cousins D.V., Gow B.L., Collins D.M., Williamson B.H., Dagnia H.T.
Seals, seal trainers, and mycobacterial infection
In 1986, three seals died in an Australian marine park; postmortem tissue culture suggested infection with Mycobacterium bovis. In 1988, a seal trainer employed at the park until 1985 developed pulmonary tuberculosis caused by M. bovis while working in a zoo 3,000km away. Culture characteristics, biochemical behaviour, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and restriction endonuclease analysis suggested that the strains of M. bovis infecting the seals and trainer were identical but unique and differed from reference strains and local cattle strains of M. bovis. The infection in both the seals and trainer had a destructive but indolent course. This is the first time that M. bovis has been observed in seals and the first time that tuberculosis infection has been documented to be transmitted from seals to humans. Those working with seals and other marine animals should be monitored for infection.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Jan. 1993, Vol.147, No.1, p.164-167. Illus. 18 ref.
Muco-cutaneous candidosis and occupational exposure to enzymes - A case report
Candidosi mucocutanea nella esposizione ad agenti biologici - Un caso clinico [in Italian]
Candida albicans, a common yeast in the environment, has properties allowing it to colonize and invade host tissues, often resisting eradication. Acid proteinase is the virulence factor. Bacterial proteinases are widely used in the detergent industry and the role of occupational exposure to enzymes in the development of muco-cutaneous candidosis warrants investigation. A case of candidosis is reported in a worker employed in a detergent factory in whom there was no evidence of any kind of immuno-suppression. The relationship between occupational exposure and illness is analyzed.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1993, Vol.84, No.3, p.243-248. 25 réf.
Health and Safety Executive
The occupational zoonoses
Details are given of 17 zoonoses. Information provided includes: name of disease and responsible organism; animals carrying the organism; incidence; hazard to humans; means of transmission; occupations and activities at risk; means of control; clinical diagnosis; immunisation; legislation relating to notification of the disease. An introductory chapter outlines general regulatory requirements for hazard assessment, prevention and control, health surveillance and supply of information to employees. The diseases considered are: anthrax; bovine tuberculosis; brucellosis; cryptosporidiosis; hantavirus disease; hydatid disease (echinococcosis); leptospirosis (Weil's disease and cattle form); Lyme disease; Newcastle disease; orf; ovine chlamydiosis; psittacosis; Q fever; rabies; ringworm; Streptococcosis suis. A list of occupations with associated zoonosis hazards is appended.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. viii, 32p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 5.00.
Hogan D.J., Tanglertsampan C.
The less common occupational dermatoses
While contact dermatitis and nonmelanoma skin cancer are the most common occupational skin disorders in North America, there are many other occupational dermatoses that illustrate the wide range of pathological and adaptive responses of the skin to workplace exposure. Discussed are: acne, chemically induced leukoderma, nail diseases, contact-related burns, high pressure injection injuries, knuckle pads, contact urticaria, heat reactions, isomorphic (Koebner) reaction, photosensitivity, exogenous discoloration of the skin and infections.
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, July-Sep. 1992. Vol.7, No.3, p.385-401. Illus. 60 ref.
Woolley A., Buttolph M.A.
Biological agents at work
Contents of this module usable for an OSH training course or for private study, accompanied by question-and-answer tests: basic information on health hazards due to biological agents (viruses, bacteria, protozoa and fungi; the process of infection); defence systems of the body (primary defences; the immune system); allergies; controls and legal requirements in the UK. In annex: fact sheets on common infectious diseases of concern in the workplace (hepatitis B, Legionnaires' disease, humidifier fever, leptospirosis, AIDS, aspergillosis, anthrax, brucellosis, glanders).
OHSOL Unit, Buckingham Building, Lion Terrace, Portsmouth PO1 3HE, United Kingdom, 1991. 41p. Illus.
Recent developments in occupational medicine
Course material (most of it reproducing articles from scientific periodicals) for a 1-day seminar for occupational physicians, held in Seattle (WA, USA) on 1 Mar. 1991. Subjects covered (among others): clinical ecology; a prospective clinical and virologic study of chronic fatigue; nystatin therapy for the candidiasis hypersensitivity syndrome; study of fibromyalgia; recent trends in occupational diseases (classified by type of disorder); some new problems (dioxin, VDTs, sick-building syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivities); respiratory diseases in agriculture; occupational and environmental factors associated with Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease; detection of occupational liver disease; prevention and surveillance of occupational respiratory diseases.
Northwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety, Department of Environmental Health, SC-34, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA, 1991. 1 vol. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Siqueira L.F.G., Almeida R.G., Lang D., Francisco W., Ottati S.M., Santos M.F.Q., Belda W., Silveira M.C.
Biosafety in STD laboratories
Biossegurança em laboratórios de DST [in Portuguese]
Article on infection control among workers in laboratories specialised in the detection of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Part I describes the risks (infection through inadvertent inhalation or ingestion of pathogens, contact with infected experimental animals, accidental self-inoculation with syringes), provides a table containing data on individual cases of infection (bacteria; fungi; viruses including HIV and Hepatitis A and B; parasitic organisms); suggested preventive methods (in particular, against Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum (syphilis), Herpes virus and HIV (AIDS) virus); basic guidelines for safety in biomedical laboratories. Part II provides detailed information on proper methods of cleanliness, antisepsis, disinfection and sterilisation in order to reduce the likelihood of such infections.
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-Mar. 1989, Vol.17, No.65, p.16-32. 38 ref.
Castro Carrasco M.E.
Occupational health - Hazards at work and their prevention
Salud ocupacional - Riesgos del trabajo y su prevención [in Spanish]
Textbook on occupational health, covering: general hazards of the workplace; physical hazards (radiations, atmospheric pressure, abnormal temperatures, lighting conditions, noise and vibration); biological hazards (viral, bacterial and fungal infections; insect bites; common occupational diseases); chemical hazards (paths of entry into the organism; toxic mechanisms; dust and pneumoconiosis; carcinogens); psychological hazards (fatigue and stress). In annex: special occupational hazards in hospitals; the future of occupational medicine in Ecuador; silicosis among Ecuadorian gold miners; list of OSH instruments adopted by the ILO, 1919-1986; full text of ILO Conventions 155 and 161 concerning OSH and the working environment, and occupational health services, respectively; full text of OSH Regulations (Resolution 172, see CIS 76-1794) in effect in Ecuador; ILO and ANSI classification schemes for accidents; basic warning signs; international classification scheme for chemical contaminants in the workplace.
Sociedad Ecuatoriana de Salud Ocupacional (SESO), Casilla 7015, Guayaquil, Ecuador, 1989. 230p. + annexes. Illus. 30 ref.
Richardson J.H., Barkley W.E.
National Institute of Health
Biosafety in microbiological and biomedical laboratories
This publication describes combinations of standard and special microbiological practices, safety equipment and facilities which are recommended for working with a variety of infectious agents in various laboratory settings. Topics covered include: principle of biosafety; laboratory biosafety level criteria; vertebrate animal biosafety level criteria; recommended biosafety levels for infectious agents and infected animals. Agent summary staements are given for a range of agents and for arboviruses. An appendix describes 3 types of biological safety cabinets. A final appendix provides the text of the 1988 agent summary statement for human immunodeficiency virus, and a report on laboratory-acquired infection with human immunodeficiency virus.
Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402, USA, 2nd ed., May 1988. 139p. 130 ref. Index.
Mycoses of the skin, scalp and nails in occupational pathology
Les mycoses de la peau, du cuir chevelu et des ongles en pathologie professionnelle [in French]
Generalities on the dermatophytes which may infect the epidermis, hair and nails, and on yeasts of the genus Candida, which may infect the mucosae, skin and nails. Mycoses of smooth skin. Mycoses of hairy regions. Mycoses of the nails. Candidiasis. Diagnosis. Sampling and analysis. Collective and personal protection. Compensation in France (Tables of Occupational Diseases 46 and 77).
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1988, No.33, p.43-47. 4 ref.
Histoplasmosis - A summary of the occupational health concern
Covered are: cause of the disease; symptoms of the infection; the disease in Canada; diagnosis and treatment; occupations at risk; prevention.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, Apr. 1988. 4p.
Maroni M., Colombi A., Alcini D., Foà V.
Health risks in the biotechnology industry
Rischi per la salute nell'industria delle biotecnologie [in Italian]
Study of the specific risks of the biotechnology industry. They are: immunological diseases (bronchial asthma, contact dermatitis, oculo-rhinitis, extrinsic allergic alveolitis) - in some sectors (bioenzymes, pharmaceuticals, animal husbandry), such diseases may affect up to 30% of workers; immune deficits due to exposure to antiblastic drugs, immunodepressive substances or radiations; toxic effects due to exposure to antibotics and hormones; pathological effects of microorganisms (mycoses of the skin, exposure to antiviral vaccines, possible effects of exposure to microorganisms with recombinant DNA). Preventive methods are recommended.
Medicina del lavoro, July-Aug. 1987, Vol.78, No.4, p.272-282. 20 ref.
Role of microscopic fungi and mycotoxins in occupational pathology
Rolja na mikroskopičnite găbi i mikotoksinite v profesionalnata patologija [in Bulgarian]
Dermatotoxicoses and respiratory mycotoxicoses are mainly of occupational origin. The role of moulds in the aetiology of chronic pulmonary diseases is described, the initial allergic reaction being of great importance, followed by a lasting allergic state with added chronic toxic action by the fungi. Data on occupational morbidity in an environment containing mycotoxins are presented.
Higiena i zdraveopazvane, 1987, Vol.30, No.3, p.89-94. 53 ref.
Mycobacterium marinum infection in a mechanic
M. marinum is a common cause of occupational mycobacterial skin disease. However, it has previously been seen only in persons having contact with water in nature or in aquariums. The present case involved a mechanic who reconditioned water pumps. The infection was cured by antibiotics.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1987, Vol.16, No.5, p.283-284. 3 ref.
Occupational hazards in hospitals: risk of infection
In this review of the risk of infection to hospital staff, attention is drawn to the continuing risk presented by hepatitis B and pulmonary tuberculosis, which are more common than diseases such as typhoid fever, brucellosis, histoplasmosis, whooping cough, infectious gastroenteritis, measles, and parotiditis. Other items considered include the susceptibility of female hospital staff to rubella and the importance of their undergoing screening and vaccination; the risks currently presented by epidemic keratoconjunctivitis and by herpes viruses (herpes simplex, varicella zoster, and cytomegalovirus); and the risk of contracting the new infectious diseases (Legionnaires' disease, Marburg disease, Lassa fever, and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome).
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1987, Vol.44, No.7, p.435-442. 154 ref.
Shi Z., Lei P.
Short case reports of mycoses due to infection by moulds or due to allergic reactions to moulds, from various occupational groups in China: animal handlers, silkreeling workers, a carpenter, farmers, a dynamite worker, blanket makers, workers producing ATP and workers producing complex esterases.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1986, Vol.43, No.7, p.500-501. 3 ref.
Singgih S.I.R., Lantinga H., Nater J.P., Woest T.E., Kruyt-Gaspersz J.A.
Occupational hand dermatoses in hospital cleaning personnel
Hospital cleaning personnel were examined for occupational dermatoses; 356 persons were included in the study. Their ages were 20-63 years with a mean of 40.1 years. The period prevalence rate of moderate and severe eczema was 12% (10% in men and 19% in women). In 88%, the eczema was of a duration longer than 2 years. Positive patch tests were found in 10% of men and 53% of women with eczema. The main allergens were nickel, cobalt, chromate and rubber chemicals. Positive tests to cleaning agents were rare. One case of contact allergy to sodium dichloroisocyanurate and one to Lysol were diagnosed. Irritant factors played a major role in most cases (92%). Fungus infection as a cause or complication in hand eczema should not be left out of consideration: in 2 persons, a mycosis of hands and/or fingernails was diagnosed.
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 1986, Vol.14, No.1, p.14-19. 11 ref.
Mateu Martínez E.
Prevention of mycoses and other infectious diseases in toilets, showers and dressing rooms in the workplace
Profilaxis de micosis y otras enfermedades infecciosas, en aseos, duchas y vestuarios de colectividades laborales [in Spanish]
A survey of methods for the prevention of mycoses and bacterial or viral infections in communal rooms (toilets, showers, dressing rooms) in the workplace: cleaning and disinfection of surfaces; disinfection of the air; elimination of insects and rodents; body hygiene.
Prevención, July-Sep. 1985, No.93, p.17-20. Illus.
Blomquist G., Ström G.
Partition of fungal spores in polymeric two-phase systems
Fördelning av mögelsvampskonidier i polymera tvåfassystem [in Swedish]
Analysis of mould spores is essential in the investigation of health problems caused by fungi. A new method for this analysis is presented in this paper. It is based on the use of aqueous polymer two-phase systems. Spores distribute in the system according to their size and surface characteristics. Distribution is influenced by the choice of cultivation medium but is independent of spore age. It was possible to separate spores of different genera, such as Aspergillus, Penicillium and Mucorales, from one another. The separation of species within the respective genera was also possible.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1984. 31p. Illus. 15 ref.
Atanasov S., Marčev A.
Fishing region as a factor affecting skin diseases among sailors of the deep-sea fishing fleet
Rajonat na ribolov kato faktor, vlijaešč varhu kožnite zaboljavanija na morjacite ot okeanskija riboloven flot [in Bulgarian]
Skin morbidity was studied among 970 sailors of the Bulgarian ocean fishing fleet. The observed high morbidity can be attributed to occupational factors on board and ashore. Dermatomycoses were the predominant complaint (affecting 26.5% of the subjects), followed by dermatitis and eczemas (19.5%) and pyoderma. The highest morbidity rate (139%) occurred in the north-west Atlantic region, which was followed by the central West African Atlantic region (52.4%) and the south-east Atlantic region (38.3%).
Higiena i zdraveopazvane, 1984, Vol.27, No.2, p.122-129. Illus 10 ref.
Safety guide for hospital laboratory workers
Consignes aux travailleurs des laboratoires hospitaliers [in French]
Document prepared by a group of technician-trainees under the direction of an occupational physician. The safety guide is presented in the form of cards, each bearing a column of positive advice (do's) and a column of negative advice (don'ts). The guide is intended for distribution to all new laboratory employees. Specific guidance is given for haematology, parasitology and mycology, biochemistry, anatomy and pathology, and bacteriology laboratories. Official rules are given for the handling of radioactive materials.
Médecine et travail, 2nd quarter 1984, No.120, p.18-20.
This book is designed to assist health professionals in the recognition of environmental hazards and proper placement of workers with known susceptibilities as well as in the early recognition and improved treatment of occupational mycoses. Contents: cryptococcosis; coccidioidomycosis; histoplasmosis; paracoccidioidomycosis; sporotrichosis; blastomycosis; chromomycosis; aspergillosis in composting; dermatophytosis; yeast infections; mycotic hypersensitivity; pulmonary mycotoxicosis; laboratory infections; soil decontamination and other control measures.
Lea and Febiger, 600 Washington Square, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA, 1983. 247p. Illus. 711 ref. Index. Price: US$27.00.
Hay R.J., Campbell C.K., Wingfield R., Clayton Y.M.
A comparative study of dermatophytosis in coal miners and dermatological outpatients
234 coalminers and 244 dermatological patients, all with tinea pedis, were compared. Trichophyton rubrum was the commonest causation organism in both groups (71% and 77% respectively). Susceptibility factors such as atopy are less important in coalminers, in whom there is a high risk of endemic dermatophytosis.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1983, Vol.40, No.3, p.353-355. 10 ref.
Mehta S.K., Sandhu R.S.
Immunological significance of Aspergillus fumigatus in cane-sugar mills
548 workers at 2 sugar mills in India and a control group were studied. 328 of them complained of chronic respiratory disorders. A preponderance of Aspergillus fumigatus was found at the bagasse-containing sites in the mills. A. fumigatus was frequently isolated from the sputum of sugar workers, and a significant number showed a positive reaction to intracutaneous challenge with aspergillin. Immediate type I and late Arthus type skin hypersensitivity occurred in 10.6 and 4.4%, respectively, of the exposed workers. Diagnoses of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and of allergic pulmonary candidiasis were made in 17 (7.1%) and 4 (1.7%), respectively, of the 238 workers complaining of chronic respiratory disorders. The epidemiology of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, but not that of allergic bronchopulmonary candidiasis, may be of occupational origin.
Archives of Environmental Health, Jan.-Feb. 1983, Vol.38, No.1, p.41-46. 14 ref.
Palmgren M.S., Lee L.S., Delucca A.J., Ciegler A.
Preliminary study of mycoflora and mycotoxins in grain dust from New Orleans area grain elevators
Known mycoflora of commercial grain includes species of Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Fusarium - fungi that may produce ochratoxins, aflatoxins and zearalenone. Thin layer chromatography was used to analyse methylene chloride and water extracts of dust samples collected from several locations and dust control systems. Analytical detection limits were 50ng zearalenone/g of dust, 10ng/g for ochratoxin and 5ng/g for aflatoxins. None of the 15 samples analysed contained any detectable amount of aflatoxins or ochratoxin A, but 10 of the 15 samples contained zearalenone at levels from 25 to 100ng/g.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1983, Vol.44, No.7, p.485-488. 18 ref.
Environment Experts Group of the Swedish Foundation of Occupational Safety and Health (ASF's expertgrupp på området)
Microorganisms as a problem in the working environment
Mikroorganismer som arbetsmiljöproblem [in Swedish]
Contents of this report on inflammatory or immunological reactions to inhalation of microorganisms: exposure to the spores of fungi and actinomycetes, to bacteria, to endotoxins and mycotoxins, to moulds; effects due to the exposure (reactions at the cell level, allergic alveolitis, reactions to toxins); prophylactic and therapeutic measures; survey of areas needing research (exposure studies, epidemiological studies, study of the courses of diseases, experimental studies, improvements in workplace conditions).
Arbetarskyddsfonden, Box 1122, 111 81 Stockholm, Sweden, Mar. 1982. 21p. 16 ref.
Effects of beclomethasone exposure in industry
Men and women engaged in production of aerosols of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP), a potent corticosteroid, were studied. Marked vasoconstriction with subsequent rebound vasodilation and opportunistic mycosis (pityriasis versicolor, pharyngeal candidosis) were observed. There were no systemic effects. Improvement of the extraction system reduced air steroid levels from 14 to 0.2µg/m3, and there was a 4-fold drop in the number of skin swabs positive for BDP.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Oct. 1982, Vol.32, No.4, p.196-200. Illus. 15 ref.
Ebeid N., Omar H., Refai M., Soliman R.
Respiratory mycotic affection: sputum examination of workers in a flax plant in Egypt
The sputum of 150 individuals exposed to flax dust was collected on 3 consecutive days and tested for fungal growth. Skin test were also performed for the positive culture of Aspergillus species. Of the workers examined 74 showed fungal growth, and the strains discovered in order of frequency were A.mucor, A.niger, A.fumigatus, A.flavus, Candida albicans, yeast, trichithisum and penicillium. A.fumigatus was not discovered in 119 control subjects not exposed to flax dust. The role of fungi in initiating the occurrence of byssinosis is discussed.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1982, Vol.32, No.2, p.66-72. Illus. 14 ref.
Gorjajnova L.K., Ermolenko V.N., Kuliš B.D.
Use of thermography for diagnosis of vascular diseases of the lower extremities
Primenenie teplovidenija dlja diagnostiki sosudistyh zabolevanij nižnih konečnostej [in Russian]
A Rubin-2 thermography device was used to study the infrared emission of the lower extremities of 50 experienced coalminers and of 12 controls. Criteria for visual analysis of thermograms were developed. A sharp drop in thermal emission and a thermal assymmetry of the lower extremities, typical of angiopathy, were observed in most of the miners. The observed angiopathy is probably due to the environmental conditions to which the miners are exposed, especially a combination of high temperature (19-28°C) and high relative humidity (90-95%). Reduced circulation in the lower leg and foot is a contributing factor to the eczema and mycosis which are chronic problems of miners.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, July 1981, No.7, p.30-32. Illus. 4 ref.
Ašbel' S.I., Šaronova Z.V.
Occupational hygiene and disease among medical personnel occupationally exposed to drugs
Voprosy gigieny truda i profpatologii medicinskih rabotnikov, imejuščih proizvodstvennyj kontakt s lekarstvennymi preparatami [in Russian]
Of 558 medical workers examined and/or treated, 92% had allergic reactions of the skin, upper respiratory tract or bronchi - most frequently dermatitis, eczema, or rash. The reactions occurred mainly in persons with many years of service. Patch testing of 100 subjects showed extensive allergy to common antibiotics, anaesthetics and group-B vitamins. Sinusitis, rhinitis, bronchitis and asthma occurrred, most often in response to penicillin and streptomycin. Some subjects with high sensitivity to 2-3 antigens (penicillin, streptomycin and Candida antigen) had a toxic-allergic myocarditis. 153 of the 558 subjects had candidiasis of the respiratory, genito-urinary and/or intestinal tract(s). Absorption through the skin and inhalation appeared to be the major routes of exposure to drugs. Improved ventilation, technical changes in certain procedures and frequent clinical examination of medical workers are recommended.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, June 1981, No.6, p.6-9. 7 ref.
Rothe A., Zschunke E.
Endemic Tinea microsporica in persons employed in the industrial production of ornamental plants
Endemische Tinea microsporica bei Beschäftigen in der industriemässigen Produktion von Zierpflanzen [in German]
Report of 33 cases of Tinea microsporica due to Microsporum gypseum in gardeners in contact with glasshouse compost. The course of the disease often differed from the known clinical picture of tinea. It was possible to detect the pathogenic agent in cultures in spite of minimal efflorescence.
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, Jan. 1981, Vol.27, No.1, p.67-68. Illus. 8 ref.
Occupational factors in coccidioidomycosis.
Inhalation of the arthrospores of Coccidioides immitis in dusty occupations and laboratory environments can cause pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. The disease has occurred amongst agricultural workers, military personnel, workers involved in excavation and laboratory and hospital workers in the semi-arid regions of the south-western and western United States. Fomite transmission of the spores in cotton waste, and primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis due to accidental inoculation, have also been reported. The incidence and severity of occupational coccidioidomycosis can be reduced by dust control measures and laboratory procedures.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, May 1981, Vol.23, No.5, p.367-374. 94 ref.
Price A., Le Serve A., Parker D.
Biological hazards - The hidden threat.
This is one of a series of concise guides on hazards at the workplace addressed to shop stewards and trade union safety representatives. Contents: general remarks; how hazards enter the body (inhalation, direct contact, ingestion); biological health hazards (bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasitic worms, plant diseases); case studies (smallpox, humidifier fever, bacterial contamination of soluble oils and coolants, diseases of agricultural workers); sampling and monitoring; action on biological hazards (shop floor organisation, inspections and checklists, medical records and surveys, access to information); diseases and infections of biological origin.
Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., Nelson House, Mayfield Road, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey KT12 5PL, United Kingdom, 1981. 89p. Illus. Price: £1.40.
Vacher H., Vacher-Lavenu M.C., Chevrot A., Viallet J.F., Lavenu P.
Anatomical and radiological aspects of avian mycobacteriosis in miners (7 case studies)
Aspects anatomo-radiologiques pulmonaires des mycobactérioses aviaires chez les mineurs (à propos de 7 cas). [in French]
Commencing with 7 case studies of avian mycobacteriosis in silicotic miners, this article examines the anatomical, radiographic and clinical aspects of this rare disease, with poor prognosis because the pathogenic agent is usually resistant to specific antibiotics. The clinical signs closely resemble those of tuberculosis, with persistant cough and dark-coloured haemoptysis. The radiological signs resemble those of silico-tuberculosis with pseudotumoral massed cavities, principally in the apex of the lung, often bilateral, without pleural involvement. Since anatomopathological investigation reveals no pathognomonic change, diagnosis must essentially be based on bacteriology (search for "mycobacterium avium").
Le concours médical, 1980, Vol.102, NO.37, p.5411-5426. Illus. 11 ref.
Importance, and possibilities of medical prevention of tinea infection in miners
Značenje i mogućnosti prevencije dermatofitija u rudara [in Serbocroatian]
An increase in the incidence of tinea (dermatophytosis) of the hands and feet has been observed, and is particularly frequent in miners. In a randomly selected sample of 287 Yugoslav miners mycological examination revealed parasites in 175 individuals (more than 60% of the examined miners). Topical therapy combined with antibiotics and timely surgical treatment is effective, but usually does not prevent further spread of the disease. Preventive measures should comprise: workplace hygiene, personal hygiene, periodic medical examinations and health education. Special emphasis is laid on preventing parasite-host contact.
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, Mar. 1980, Vol.31, No.6, p.27-30. 10 ref.
Muhametova G.N., Kurmaeva A.A., Hajrullina R.M., Alibaev T.S., Jarmuhametova F.A.
Occupational hygiene problems and health of workers producing vitaminised protein concentrates
Nekotorye voprosy gigieny truda i sostojanie zdorov'ja rabočih proizvodstva belkovo-vitaminnyh koncentratov [in Russian]
Studies at 2 plants engaged in biosynthesis of animal foods showed yeast and dry concentrate dust (dermatitis of the candidiasis type, skin allergy), and paraffin (skin sensitisation) to be particularly harmful. Preventive measures proposed: enclosure of separation, drying and packing equipment (with exhaust system), improved ventilation, use of antifungal cream, periodic medical examinations.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Sep. 1979, No.9, p.23-25. 3 ref.
Nelson L.A., Callerame M.L., Schwartz R.H.
Aspergillosis and atopy in cystic fibrosis.
46 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) were studied for colonisation and sensitisation by Aspergillus organisms. Aspergillus precicitins were found in 37% of CF patients; positive skin tests were found in 39%; atopy defined by skin test criteria was found in 46%. All of these findings were more common in patients with severe disease (P<0.05). CF patients had predominant mould sensitivity in contrast to predominant pollen sensitivity in a control group of asthmatic subjects. Serum IgE concentrations were increased in 22% of CF patients; 4 patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) during the time of study and follow-up, and another patient had ABPA diagnosed before the study. The incidence of ABPA during a 2-year period in the CF population was 11%.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Oct. 1979, Vol.120, No.4, p.863-873. Illus. 47 ref.
Second national colloquium on occupational dermatisis
II Simpósio nacional sobre dermatoses ocupacionais [in Portuguese]
Communications to this symposium, held at Porto Alegre, Brazil, on 16-18 Nov. 1978, are: definitions of occupational dermatosis (OD) and predisposing factors (Da Fonseca A.); diagnosis of OD (Sampaio S.A.P.); definition and classification of contact dermatitis (Proença Guimaraes N.); OD in the plastics industry (Belliboni N.); major causes of OD in 698 cases observed in São Paulo (Belliboni N.); contact dermatitis due to rubber (Ali S.A. et al.); occupattonal and familial sporotrichosis (Furtado T. et al.); patch tests in occupational medicine - dermatoses due to petroleum derivatives (Ali S.A. et al.); data sheet on dermatitis (Da Fonseca A. et al.); dermatitis statistics in the Porto Alegre iron and steel industry (Bopp C. et al.); dermatitis of the hands in hospital personnel (Bakos L. et al.); dermatitis due to electroplating work (Alchorne A.O.A. et al.).
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Apr.-June 1979, Vol.7, No.26, p.6-71. Illus. 286 ref.
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