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  • Teaching and educational institutions

1985

CIS 92-324 Breuer B., Friedman S.M., Millner E.S., Kane M.A., Snyder R.A., Maynard J.E.
Transmission of hepatitis B virus to classroom contacts of mentally retarded carriers
The risk of the spread of hepatitis B virus infection from deinstitutionalised, mentally retarded carriers to pupil and staff school contacts in the New York City public school system was measured serologically in a 3-phase study from 1978 to 1982. In the third phase, undertaken in 1982, blood samples were drawn and questionnaires were completed on students and staff tested in either of the first 2 phases and on comparison groups with intermediate and no known school exposure to deinstitutionalised carriers. Logistic regression analyses revealed that staff and pupils with a history of classroom exposure to a hepatitis B virus carrier had significantly increased prevalences of hepatitis B virus infection (13.4%, odds ratio = 1.9; 9.3%, odds ratio = 2.5, respectively). Similarly, yearly seroconversion rates of 1.3% and 0.67% indicate that staff and, to a lesser extent, pupils are at increased risk of infection.
Journal of the American Medical Association, Dec. 1985, Vol.254, No.22, p.3190-3195. 13 ref.

CIS 90-1501 Information on safety and health in primary schools
Orientering om verne- og miljøarbeid i grunnskolen [en noruego]
The purpose of this manual is to improve the working environment of teachers in primary schools. Based on the stipulations of the Working Environment Act and other relevant Norwegian regulations, information and guidance are provided concerning the responsibilities of employers and employees; working environment problems in primary schools (indoor climate, ventilation, noise, lighting, class and staff rooms); work organisation; collaboration between teachers; relationship with pupils ("difficult" classes); safety services (safety committees and safety representatives, duties and responsibilities); the requirements of the Working Environment Act concerning pupils.
Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet, Postboks 8103 Dep., 0032 Oslo 1, Norway, 3rd ed., May 1985. 23p.

CIS 88-1481
Ministerio de Educación (Chile)
Prevención de riesgos escolares - Enseñanza general básica
Detailed description of the safety education programmes taught to all children in Chilean primary schools. Many examples of posters and pictures used as part of these programmes.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Bandera 84, Santiago, Chile, 1985. 624p. Illus.

CIS 86-2062 Museums can be hazardous to your health
A short survey of occupational hazards faced by museum employees in the USA. Particular hazards mentioned include exposure to certain hazardous substances: ethylene oxide, DDT, arsenic, asbestos, nitrogen dioxide and silica.
AVISO - A monthly dispatch from the American Association of Museums, June 1985, p.1-2.

1984

CIS 86-1417 Rigling L.
Occupational safety kit on forestry
Dossier: Sécurité du travail (en forêt) [en francés]
Quaderno di lavoro: Sicurezza sul lavoro [en italiano]
This kit is prepared for safety instructors and organisers of safety courses for forestry workers. Part 1: Specifically for the organiser or chief instructor (technical and teaching advice). Part 2: For instructors or foremen. Part 3: Teaching material and other information for organisers and chief instructors.
Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1984. 82p. Illus.

CIS 85-1736 Halton D.M.
Occupational exposures from spirit-duplicator operations
Risques auxquels s'exposent les travailleurs qui emploient un duplicateur à alcool [en francés]
The current technology used in spirit duplicating is briefly described. The potential for overexposure to methanol is discussed and preventive measures are presented.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. E., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 1H6, 1984. 9p. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 85-856 Kibblewhite J.F.J.
Analysis of university accidents
This study covers all accidents reported at 10 universities in southern England during 1980-1983. The count per year of all accidents involving more than local first-aid treatment and all cases of occupational disease was in the 670-1107 range for university employees, and in the 182-326 range for students. The trend in accident rates is downwards. The main category at risk was that of manual/maintenance workers, while most accidents involved falls on level ground, handling and collisions with objects. Accidents involving academic staff and postgraduate students carrying out laboratory research were comparatively rare.
Safety Practitioner, Dec. 1984, Vol.2, No.1, p.12-21. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 84-1750 Frederick L.J., Schulte P.A., Apol A.
Investigation and control of occupational hazards associated with the use of spirit duplicators
Health hazard evaluation conducted by NIOSH to determine the possibility of adverse health effects in teacher aides using direct-process methanol duplicating machines. Concentrations of airborne methanol in the duplicating room ranged from 365-3080ppm; 15 of 21 measurement exceeded the 800ppm (15min) limit recommended by NIOSH. Workers reported significantly more methanol poisoning symptoms than a non-exposed control group. A mean 96% reduction in exposure was accomplished using inexpensive enclosures and existing room exhaust systems.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1984, Vol.45, No.1, p.51-55. Illus. 10 ref.

1983

CIS 85-1162 King A.J.C., Coles B.J., Kerbel D.B.
Improving occupational health and safety education in Ontario
This study is concerned with the means of including safety education programmes in the secondary and post-secondary educational systems directed to preparing young people for the workplace. Aspects covered: survey of educational institutions in Ontario and evaluation of their curricula; safety associations and their relationship with educational institutions; external agencies; recommendations.
Council of Safety Associations, Ontario, Social Program Evaluation Group, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 23 Mar. 1983. 84p.

CIS 85-624
Health and Safety Executive
Electrical safety in schools
A review of the safety regulations and safe working practices in the United Kingdom relating to electricity in schools for pupils up to the age of 18. The special needs of science laboratories, other practical areas and the rules for working with live equipment are described. A checklist for typical routine electrical checks for portable apparatus is included.
H.M. Stationery Office, 49 High Holborn, London WC1V 6HB, United Kingdom, Sep. 1983. 4p. 7 ref. Price: £0.50.

CIS 85-553 Kibblewhite J.F.J.
Accident analysis system for educational and research premises
Detailed analysis of an accident reporting system developed for use by universities and similar institutions. Examples are given for forms dealing with accidents involving injury, dangerous occurrences, causes of accidents by worker/student category and by location. The causal, worker and location categories used are defined in the appendices.
Safety Practitioner, Aug. 1983, Vol.1, No.8, p.12-17. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 84-1765 Hewitt P.J., Hughes D.
Education and training in occupational hygiene
This guide provides information about the courses available in the United Kingdom and worldwide where more knowledge and training or additional qualifications in occupational hygiene can be obtained. Contents: development of occupational hygiene: assessment of educational and training requirements (knowledge and skills, attitudes and values, specialists, occupational hygienists, safety personnel, environmental health officers, medical personnel, government, educators, management, employees, future demands); education and training courses and facilities in occupational hygiene and related areas (United Kingdom, North America, Europe, developing countries).
Science Reviews Ltd., c/o 28 High Ash Drive, Leeds LS17 8RA, United Kingdom, 1983, No.10, 82p. 20 ref.

CIS 84-1314 Skisak C.M.
Formaldehyde vapor exposures in anatomy laboratories
Personal and area samples were taken in 8 medical school laboratories over a 12-week period, using the NIOSH P & CAM 125 impinger method. 44% of all breathing zone samples exceeded the 1ppm ceiling value recommended by ACGIH. Only 11% of the area samples were in excess of 1ppm. Overall concentrations measured ranged from 0.3 to 2.6ppm.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Dec. 1983, Vol.44, No.12, p.948-950. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 84-90
Health and Safety Executive - National Radiological Protection Board
Draft guidance notes for the protection of persons exposed to ionising radiations in research and teaching - Consultative document
General topics covered by this consultative document: radiation dose limits for exposed workers in the United Kingdom (5rem per year for the whole body); administrative measures for radiological protection (notification, authorisation, investigation of incidents, installation and contingency planning, record keeping); monitoring (personal and environmental); ways of reducing radiation dose. Radiation protection for specific areas is described for: radiography (with fluoroscopy and irradiation); x-ray crystallography (with spectrometry); measurement and detection devices; incidental radiation (electron-beam welding; CRTs); particle accelerators; research reactors; work with unsealed radioactive substances (storage, animal experiments, storage of radioactive wastes). Emergency procedures in case of radioactive material leakage or research reactor malfunction are outlined.
H.M. Stationery Office, 49 High Holborn, London WC1V 6HB, United Kingdom, 1983. 84p. Illus. 124 ref. Price: £6.00.

1982

CIS 83-376 Urbanus J.H.
Hearing damage in instructors of an agricultural vocational training school; audiometric survey
Gehoorbeschadiging bij instructeurs van een landbouwpraktijkschool; een audiometrisch onderzoek [en holandés]
Contents of this essay: preparation of the survey; general aspects of occupational-noise-induced hearing loss; hearing and noise at work (physiology of hearing, hearing disorders, presbycusis, temporary and permanent threshold shifts, exposure limits, extra-auditory effects, hearing protection); industrial audiometry (anamnesis and location of the impairment, types of audiogram, screening audiometry and comparison with other methods; the social handicap; periodicity of audiometric tests); survey of noise-induced hearing loss in agricultural machinery instructors (the instructors' tasks; noise measurements on tractors and tractor attachments; description and results of the audiometric tests); discussion and recommendations (choice of low-noise equipment, sound-insulated instructors' booths, organisational measures of exposure limitation).
Vakgroep Gezondheidsleer, Landbouwhogeschool, Gen. Foulkesweg 43, 6703 BM Wageningen, Netherlands, July 1981. 70p. Illus. 40 ref.

1981

CIS 83-1093 Nagira T., Suzuki J., Oze Y., Ohara H., Aoyama H.
Cervicobrachial and low-back disorders among school lunch workers and nursery-school teachers in comparison with cash-register operators
A questionnaire survey and physical examinations were administered for cervicobrachial disorders and low-back pain among school lunch workers and nursery school teachers. A relation between workload and the rates of prevalence of complaint in the questionnaire survey indicated that the disorders experienced were induced by localisation of static and repetitive muscle load and the lack of spontaneous rest periods. Physical examinations revealed differences between the school workers and cash-register operators in the clinical feature of cervicobrachial disorder and low-back pain, and these differences were attributed to job and workload differences.
Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 1981, Vol.10, No.2, p.117-124. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 81-2075 Employment and conditions of work of teachers
Emploi et conditions de travail des enseignants [en francés]
Report prepared by the ILO for an ILO Joint Meeting on Conditions of Work of Teachers (Geneva, 27 Oct.-4 Nov. 1981). Chapter VI concerns health and safety aspects of the teaching profession (stress, its causes, measures to reduce, eliminate or compensate for stress; violence in the classroom; assaults on teachers, safety and health facilities and safety and health committees in large schools and colleges; health services for teachers; role of school inspection services in protecting teachers' health and safety - state of buildings and laboratories, environmental conditions).
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1980. 158p. Bibl.

CIS 81-1155 Felton J.S.
Teaching occupational health at the secondary level.
A course on occupational health at a college-preparatory day school in California is described. Topics studied cover all the signifiant current issues facing occupational health professionals in the USA, ranging from federal mandates to toxicological problems. Enrolment is the largest in any elective course offered at the school.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1981, Vol.23, No.1, p.27-29. Illus. 7 ref.

1980

CIS 82-857 Asbestos abatement guidance and control manual
This brief illustrated manual is designed to increase the awareness of school staff to the possible hazards of asbestos dust in buildings containing asbestos insulation and to act as a guide to designers, specification writers, mechanics and inspectors working on asbestos projects. Contents include: identification and location of asbestos-containing materials; methods for asbestos abatement and control; procedures for work and inspection; instructions to custodians; protection isolation, safety masks, disposable clothing and safety precautions for various materials; mechanics working with tools on asbestos-containing materials; check list of work required on asbestos-containing material projects; reporting procedure; some do's and don'ts.
New York City Board of Education, Division of School Buildings, New York, USA, May 1980. 21p. Illus.

CIS 81-861 Pearson R.G.
Educational programmes in ergonomics - A world-wide profile.
The results of a survey conducted as part of the preparation for publication of the International Directory of Programmes in Ergonomics/Human Factors (International Ergonomics Association, 1979) are presented, summarising data from 156 programmes in 28 countries: programme title, degrees offered, major emphasis of programmes, subjects available to students. Efforts in continuing education in ergonomics are discussed.
Ergonomics, Aug. 1980, Vol.23, No.8, p.797-808. 4 ref.

CIS 80-2088 Daleva M., Hadžiolova I.
Biochemical aspects of occupational stress in teachers
Biohimični aspekti na napreženieto pri rabota na učiteli [en búlgaro]
Study of a group of 27 secondary school and intensive language school teachers. Biochemical tests performed before, during and after the working day showed that the habitual stress in members of the teaching profession is associated with a moderate increase in noradrenaline, adrenaline and 11-oxycorticosteroid excretion. Work involving great emotional strain produced a great increase in the above-mentioned urinary levels. Stress was greater at the start of morning classes and during the afternoon. Influence of age was not observed below 45 years; above 45 the only age-linked difference concerned the level of 17-ketosteroids.
Problemi na higienata, July 1980, Vol.5, p.28-36. 15 ref.

1979

CIS 81-1168
International Ergonomics Association/Human Factors Society
International directory of educational programs in ergonomics/human factors.
156 programmes in Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USSR, United Kingdom, USA, and Yugoslavia are listed. Details given are: name of institution, programme title, degrees, admission prereguisites, programme characteristics/description.
Human Factors Society, 1124 Montana Avenue, Suite B, P.O. Box 1369, Santa Monica, California 90406, USA, Aug. 1979. 16p.

CIS 80-864
Health and Safety Executive.
Pilot study - Health and safety in schools and further education establishments.
Report of a survey carried out in technical and agricultural colleges, schools and polytechnics: teaching and non-teaching staff covered; hazards (bad lighting; transmission elements, rotating spindles and cutters; printing machinery; lifting equipment; slippery floors; pressure vessels; abrasive wheels; asbestos dust; cleaning castings by sandblasting; flammable liquids; electricity; x-ray equipment, toxic and corrosive substances; dust, fume; overcrowding; poor ventilation); accidents, poisoning and disease; statistics of accidents to teaching and non-teaching staff (breakdown by accident agency, type of accident, type of injury, serious and less serious); list of legislation applicable and Health and Safety Executive advisory publications.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1979. 104p. Illus. Price: £3.00.

CIS 79-2059 Godbey F.W.
Occupational safety and health in vocational education - A guide for administrators, faculty and staff.
The basic principles for establishing and maintaining a programme for accident and disease prevention are discussed and illustrated for educational institutions engaged in vocational training with little or no safety and health programmes. Background information is given and legislative requirements are explained. Other subjects dealt with are: technical-regulatory guidelines (walking and working surfaces; ladders; stairs; guardrails; scaffolds and safety devices; exits and markings; exposure to noise, harmful substances and agents, hazardous materials (flammable and combustible liquids); spray painting; personal protective equipment; medical care and first aid; fire protection; materials handling and storage; machinery guarding; hand and portable powered tools; welding and cutting; electrical safety); self-evaluation checklist; information sources.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.79-138, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Feb. 1979. 182p. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 79-1231 Installing electrical measuring apparatus in educational establishments - Safety directives
Elektrische meetopstellingen in lokalen van onderwijsinrichtingen [en holandés]
These directives apply to electrical apparatus used for educational purposs and accessible to students. Contents: compliance with Dutch standards when assembling and installing the equipment, and during classes; age limits (16 years for apprentice electricians; 18 years for apprentices to other trades); definitions; mandatory safety specifications for electrical apparatus and equipment in general, and for measuring apparatus, tables and conductors in particular; instructions for use (voltage not to exceed 42V(AC) or 110V(DC) when using installattons without protective circuits, assembly with current switched off, checking the assembly before switching on, earthing, etc.); other rules (insulating floor coverings, case of explosive atmospheres). Annex: diagrams of 4 typical circuits.
P No. 147, Labour Inspectorate, General Directorate of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1979. 14p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: Glds.0.50.

CIS 79-1197 Mawer S.
Falling into the safety net.
This article, written by an official of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), reviews briefly the new occupations now covered by occupational safety and health (OSH) legislation in the United Kingdom since the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (CIS 74-2099) became effective. These "new entrants" include such diverse work activities as school administration and teaching personnel, fairground workers, hospital staff, window cleaners, refuse collectors, gravediggers, etc. who received little or no protection at work under previous OSH legislation. The article refers to 4 pilot studies on some of these newly-covered activities (water services, hospital services and educational establishments, with 2 smaller studies on workers employed in fairgrounds and licensed clubs) carried out by HSE, with considerations on the aspects of: relevance of usual OSH precautions in special situations such as research laboratories; degree of protection; aims of inspection and establishment of appropriate OSH standards in these new areas.
Department of Employment Gazette, Mar. 1979, Vol.87, No.3. p.256-257.

1978

CIS 80-1150 Curry N.
Health and Safety Executive.
Pilot study - Work in universities.
Survey of university laboratories, technical and engineering departments, animal houses and other facilities in 10 universities in the United Kingdom: legislation applicable; persons at risk; hazards (buildings, fire hazards, lifts, steam plant, lifting equipment, explosives, carcinogens, acids, dust, toxic materials, microbiological hazards, animal houses, high-pressure testing, dangerous machinery, access to workplaces, electricity, genetic effects, radiation, contamination of buildings and plant); development of safe systems of work; training and supervision; information systems; welfare; current sources of guidance on health and safety at work. University regulations and codes of practice; list of legislation and literature survey of safety handbooks and guidance notes; safety committees in universities; tables of accident statistics with summary descriptions.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569 London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 69p. Price: £1.75.

CIS 79-1467 Godbey F.W., Hatch L.L.
Occupational safety and health program - Guidelines for colleges and universities.
The basic principles for establishing and maintaining a programme for accident and illness prevention are discussed and illustrated for institutions with little or no occupational safety and health programmes. Background information is given and the legislative requirements are explained. Other details are: organisation and staffing (programme objectives, administrative support, functions of executive and other staff and consultants, funding); programme functions (inspection and corrective action procedures, written rules and regulations, training, recordkeeping and reporting requirements forms and examples, accident and illness investigation and reporting for data collection, programme monitoring and evaluation); sources of information (list of names and addresses of associations and organisations, use of private companies, clearinghouses, government agencies, selected bibliography); glossary.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.79-108, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Oct. 1978. 95p. Illus. 62 ref.

CIS 79-553 Smith S.L., Schultze G.L., Curry B.H.
A management system for occupational safety and health programs for academic research laboratories - An administrative resource guide.
The system described is based on interviews with administrators at research universities, managers of government and private organisations and a literature review. Discussed are why university administrators should be concerned with such a system; scope of the system; planning; control of operations; evaluation of programme activities; financial planning; integrating the management elements. A separate small brochure (9 pages) contains an executive summary of the report.
DHEW(NIOSH) Publication No. 79-121, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Oct. 1978. 120p. 203 ref.

1977

CIS 78-208 Brunschwiler P.
Safety in schools during work involving naked flames
Sécurité dans les écoles lors de travaux exécutés avec des flammes nues [en alemán]
Sécurité dans les écoles lors de travaux exécutés avec des flammes nues. [en francés]
Elementary training in manual tasks now forms part of the curriculum for terminal primary school classes. Practical instruction of this kind may involve work with naked flames (brazing, heating, blackening, etc.). This information sheet recommends safety precautions in setting up work benches, blowpipes and other tools for this type of work.
Feuillet 11032, Série "Sécurité au travail", Swiss National Accident Insurance Fund (Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents), Luzern, Switzerland, 1977. 4p. Illus.

CIS 77-1779 Brodsky C.M.
Long-term work stress in teachers and prison guards.
After bringing out the similarities in the psychological aspects of these occupations, this article reports on studies in 31 teachers and 21 prison guards. The process of stress development is studied in detail. Recommendations include improvement of managerial practices, provision of resources such as specially trained persons to help workers suffering from stress, sabbaticals, change of occupation, councils of co-workers, and information of workers in stressful occupations.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1977, Vol.19, No.2, p.133-138. 27 ref.

1976

CIS 77-1747 Safety in science laboratories.
The scope of this pamphlet is defined by the authors as all laboratories where science is taught. Aspects of safety considered are: laboratory design and furniture; electricity and treatment of electric shock; fire and explosions; chemical hazards and precautions in handling chemicals and apparatus, carcinogenic and toxic chemicals; hazards from natural products and animals; disposal of waste; advice on the use of ionising radiations and lasers; particular operations (glass working, reduction experiments, experiments at reduced pressure); plastics and polymerisation; explosive mixtures and other dangerous experiments. An example of a checklist is provided for laboratory fixtures and equipment and for teaching practice. Precautions in the use of electricity and first aid principles are set out in an appendix.
DES Safety Series No.2, Department of Education and Science, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1976. 58p. Price: £0.85.

1975

CIS 77-253 Recommendations for health and safety in workshops of schools and colleges.
This standard gives general guidance, and more detailed information where necessary, on the procedures to be followed to ensure the safety of users of these workshops. Contents: general design, layout and use of workshops; general precautions for machine tools and associated equipment, and additional safeguards for certain types of equipment; other processes and plant; portable power tools; hand tools; safeguards and special equipment for automobile engineering; hazards of manufacture and working of plastics, and safeguards.
BS 4163:1975, British Standards Institution, Publications Department, 101 Pentonville Road, London N1 9ND, United Kingdom, 1975. 27p. 35 ref. Price: £5.80.

CIS 76-557 Occupational safety and health training grants 1975.
In order to promote the carrying out of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) provides grants to support, strengthen and extend training programmes at educational institutions not only as regards the traditional occupational safety and health disciplines but also innovative programmes which may prepare new types of specialists. This booklet lists and describes 39 programmes supported by federal training grants in 31 universities and colleges in the USA. The total amount of funds granted in the fiscal year 1975 is $2,000,000.
HEW Publication No.(NIOSH)76-117, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, 1975. 68p.

1974

CIS 75-845 Tonnelat J., Barré P.
Safe working methods in scientific experiments in secondary schools and colleges - A manual for students
La sécurité dans les manipulations scientifiques des lycées et collèges - A l'usage des élèves des lycées et collèges. [en francés]
Profusely illustrated brochure giving succinct advice on elementary precautions to be observed in laboratories. Principal aspects considered: work with chemicals (handling flasks and test tubes, heating substances, cleaning equipment, etc.); using electric current; first aid in case of chemical splashes, burns from open flame, electric shock or poisoning.
Edition INRS n°490, Institute national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Oct. 1974. 34p. Illus.

1973

CIS 75-1002 Radiation protection in educational institutions.
This report provides information on the hazards involved in the use of radiation-producing equipment or radioactive material in science demonstrations and experiments, and recommendations on the means of protection. Following biological considerations, there are 3 chapters on radiation sources used in schools, basic principles of radiation protection, and the radiation protection programme. Appendices contain definitions of radiation units and terms as well as findings of a survey and a radiation safety check sheet.
NCRP Report No.32, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, P.O. Box 30175, Washington, D.C. 20014, USA, 1 May 1973. 56p. Illus. 15 ref. Price: US-$2.00.

CIS 75-876 Onishi N., Nomura H.
Low back pain in relation to physical work capacity and local tenderness.
The authors compare the incidence of low-back pain and a variety of physical parameters in garbage-men with data from 20 years ago, and with present findings in teachers of disabled children. In spite of marked general improvements in physique, back muscle strength is considerably lower in garbage-men than 20 years ago, and 36.9% have experienced disturbing low-back pain. The rate was 49% and 59% in male and female teachers of handicapped children, respectively. Low-back pain in teachers correlated with poorer back muscle strength. After a review of the literature, the authors conclude that the different type of physical effort in these two groups of workers may play different roles in the causation of low-back pain.
Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 1973, Vol.2, No.2, p.119-132. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 74-278 Corlett E.N., Davies B.T.
Industrial ergonomics at Birmingham.
Describes some of the teaching and research activities of the Industrial Ergonomics Group at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, and presents brief examples of actual investigations.
Applied Ergonomics, Sep. 1973, Vol.4, No.3, p.168-174. Illus.

1972

CIS 74-719
Department of Employment, London.
Code of practice for the protection of persons exposed to ionising radiations in research and teaching.
The code is divided into 14 parts covering: scope (establishments, hazards, persons); administrative organisation (allocation of responsibility, marking of areas, etc.); suitability of buildings; general precautions; control of the effectiveness of protective measures; medical supervision; special precautions in specific cases (work with X-ray and other radiation emitting installations, work with sealed sources or unsealed radioactive substances); special precautions; emergency procedures; storage of materials; transport; waste disposal. The booklet also contains a list of definitions, and appendices giving tables of maximum permissible doses and surface contamination levels, a typical administrative organisation plan, methods of decontaminating laboratories.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London S.E.1, United Kingdom, 1972. 64p. 75 ref. Price: £0.45.

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