Teaching and educational institutions - 239 entradas encontradas
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Travers C.J., Cooper C.L.
Mental health, job satisfaction and occupational stress among UK teachers
The findings of a large-scale nationwide investigation into stress among teachers in the UK are presented. Data were collected by questionnaire from a random sample of 1790 teachers drawn from a cross-section of school types, sectors and teaching grades. Univariate analysis of the results revealed that teachers, when compared with other highly stressed occupational groups, experience lower job satisfaction and poorer mental health. Mental ill-health was predicted by a variety of job pressure and personal factors, but predominantly linked to job pressure from 'ambiguity of the teacher's role'. Intention to leave was found to be most highly related to mental ill-health in teachers.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1993, Vol.7, No.3, p.203-219. 28 ref.
How do exhaust systems function properly over a long period of time?
Wie sind Abzüge auch auf Dauer sicher? [en alemán]
In school, university and hospital laboratories, exhaust systems must be used to eliminate harmful substances from the workplace air. According to the new version of the German Standard DIN 12924 part 1, the performance of exhaust systems must be monitored. An optical as well as acoustical alarm must be sounded in case of any malfunction. For exhaust systems built before 1991, the old version of the Standard, with no monitoring requirement, still applies. The velocity at which air is drawn off by these units must be checked at regular intervals in order to determine whether they are still functioning properly. The procedure to determine the exhaust rate is outlined.
Sicherheit im öffentlichen Dienst, Jan.-Feb. 1992, Vol.20, No.1, p.5-7. Illus.
Daniels K., Guppy A.
Control, information-seeking preferences, occupational stressors and psychological well-being
This study tested three sets of hypotheses relating psychological well-being to belief in control. A sample of 221 academic and support staff at a British university were administered a questionnaire that measured stressors, psychological well-being, work-related locus of control and information-seeking preferences. Hypotheses relating to the stress-moderating effects of a belief in control and information seeking were not supported by the data. However, the results did support a main effects model of locus control, suggesting that psychological well-being in the workplace may be increased by providing control, which in turn should increase the employees' belief in control.
Work and Stress, Oct.-Dec. 1992, Vol.6, No.4, p.347-353. 37 ref.
A guide to performing reinspections under the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA)
This guide aims to assist inspectors and others in meeting the specific requirements for an AHERA reinspection of asbestos-containing building materials in elementary and secondary schools and provides guidance for improving the accuracy and quality of information available about these materials during the reinspection. Responsibilities of AHERA designated persons, inspectors and management planners are explained and a series of sample forms and checklists is provided to assist in the reinspection process. Glossary.
US Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M Street SW, Washington D.C. 20460, USA, Feb. 1992. iv, 99p. Illus.
Bresnitz E.A., Gracely E.J., Rubenstein H.L.
A randomized trial to evaluate a computer-based learning program in occupational lung disease
Computer-based learning (CBL) is a recent innovation that may supplement the limited formal education typically offered to medical students in occupational health-related issues. A randomised trial among sophomores was conducted to evaluate a Macintosh-based application on occupational lung disease (OH-CBL). Students taking an OH block in the Preventative Medicine course were assigned either to the OH-CBL or to the lecture group. Of four study-relevant multiple choice questions, substantial differences were found in favour of the OH-CBL group on one question as well as on the study-relevant multiple choice total score. There was no difference on mean overall grade or on the three study-relevant essay items. The grade on the study-relevant questions exhibited a weak relationship with microcomputer experience. Students' ratings of the CBL programme using Likert scales were generally favourable. Several components of CBL that are necessary for successful implementation into a medical curriculum are identified.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1992, Vol.34, No.4, p.422-427. 16 ref.
A health hazard assessment in school arts and crafts
Students and instructors of arts and crafts classes are often unaware of the potential risks from exposure to some of the arts and crafts materials they use, either because of a false sense of security engendered by working with the materials on a daily basis, or because of a lack of specific knowledge of the hazardous ingredients contained in them. A three-year study of college arts and crafts students indicates a high incidence of allergic reactions for exposure of less than 70 hours within a period of seven weeks. A self-evaluation method is developed to identify and minimise these hazards. This checklist of 15 parameters covers identifiable hazardous areas and situations in arts and crafts classrooms. Record keeping and promotion of student awareness are also addressed.
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Jan.-Feb. 1992, Vol.11, No.1, p.12-17. 61 ref.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [en alemán]
Updates of the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and antipollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955 and 92-563. Update 20 covers: Technical Rules for the use of dangerous substances in higher education; official German exposure limits (MAK, BAT, TRK) as of 1991; texts of the Major Industrial Accident Ordinance (Störfallverordnung) and Environmental Responsibility Law (Umwelthaftungsgesetz). Update 21 covers: analytical methods for the substances on the MAK, BAT, and TRK lists (references to official German, UK and US manuals as well as Dräger methods); comments on European Standard EN 26 184 on the characterisation of explosive gas mixtures in air; new European Community guidelines.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Justus-von-Leibig-Str. 1, D-W-8920 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 20.-21. Ergänzungslieferungen, Feb.-Apr. 1992. 273 + 208p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health and Safety Commission - Education Service Advisory Committee
The responsibilities of school governors for health and safety
This booklet outlines the legal duties of school governing bodies, local education authorities and others in relation to health and safety matters, and gives practical guidance to governors on the safe running of schools. Topics covered: health and safety duties and responsibilities in schools; law enforcement; health and safety policies; procedures to identify and control risks; monitoring of health and safety performance; information required by governors; inspections and reports. Appendices show a management chain for a county or controlled secondary school and an example of a method by which health and safety matters could be referred to governors.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 15p. 22 ref. Price: GBP 3.50.
Health and Safety Commission
Health and safety management in higher and further education - Guidance on inspection, monitoring and auditing
Contents of this guidance note: the need for inspection, monitoring and auditing; legal requirements; responsibilities relating to contractors' activities; measuring and auditing health and safety performance in practice; self-inspection within departments; purpose and operation of central monitoring and role of the institution's governing body and senior staff; purpose and benefits of auditing, and selection and operation of an auditing system. Appendices include: example guidelines for departmental health and safety inspections; a list of topics and issues to be considered when drawing up departmental checklists; details of some proprietary or published auditing systems.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 15p. 2 ref. Price: GBP 3.00.
Oliver L.C., Sprince N.L., Greene R.
Asbestos-related disease in public school custodians
A cross-sectional prevalence study of 120 public school custodians was carried out. The purposes were 1) to investigate the prevalence of asbestos-related disease in a group of custodians at risk for asbestos exposure in public schools and 2) to determine the proportion with disease attributable to exposures in school buildings. Medical and occupational histories, flow-volume loops, and posterior-anterior, lateral, and anterior oblique (AO) chest radiographs were obtained. Mean age of subjects was 57 years and mean duration of work as a custodian, 27 years. Fifty-seven (47.5%) had no known or likely exposure to asbestos outside of their work as a school custodian (NOE). Pleural plaques (PP) occurred in 40 (33%) of the total group and 12 (21%) of the group with NOE. Pulmonary restriction (FVC < 80% predicted, FEV1/FEV% ≥70) occurred in 22 (18%) of the total group and 10 (17%) of those with NOE. Multivariate analysis revealed significant associations (p<0.05) between both PP and restriction and duration of asbestos exposure. AO radiographs increased PP detection by a factor of 1.9. The results revealed PP prevalence in excess of background an pulmonary restriction in the study population, and indicated that PP were attributable to asbestos in schools. Prudent management of asbestos in buildings is indicated for the prevention of related disease.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1991, Vol.19, No.3, p.303-316. Illus. 41 ref.
Guidelines for management of chemicals and hazardous waste in schools
This training guide explains the purpose, development and monitoring of a chemical and hazardous waste management plan for schools. Features of a plan are described: management guidelines; purchasing; inventory; use and storage; and proper disposal. Relevant federal and Alberta legislation are also cited. Appendices include chemical storage guidelines, procedures for transporting waste chemicals from school laboratories and a copy of the Alberta Hazardous Waste Regulation (Alberta Regulation 505/87).
Alberta Special Waste Management Corporation, 610, 10909 Jasper Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T5J 3L9, Canada, 1991. 33, 11p. Illus.
Teachers in developing countries - A survey of employment conditions
This survey of teachers in developing countries includes sections on working time (hours of work, workload, annual and other types of leave), and material conditions and the working environment (health and safety standards in schools, stress and attendant health problems, medical services, school buildings and equipment). Other topics discussed include: statistics; the teaching career; disciplinary procedures; labour relations; remuneration; female teachers; private sector teachers.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1991. viii, 167p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 22.50.
Uribe Vásquez G., Ramírez Rodríguez J.C., Romero Lima L.G., Gutiérrez de la Torre N.C.
El trabajo femenino y la salud de cuatro grupos de mujeres en Guadalajara, México
A descriptive study was carried out in 1989 in Guadalajara, Mexico, concerning the health problems of women in the context of their activities both inside and outside the home. A four-part questionnaire (sociodemographic characteristics, domestic activities, remunerated activities and the Cornell Medical Index) was used to identify similarities and differences among nurses, teachers, secretaries and housewives. The results showed that the working woman's schedule, defined as the time devoted to work both inside and outside the home, is very long in all the groups studied, amounting to a total of between 66 and 78 hours a week. With regard to work-related risks, occupational diseases were the most common complaint of all the groups, especially the teachers. It is observed that different occupational health risks and morbidity indexes are associated with different activities performed by women, and it is suggested that these differences should be examined more fully. An explanation of the Cornell Medical Index is included as an annex. Summary in English.
Boletín de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Aug. 1991, Vol.111, No.2, p.101-111. 25 ref.
Tănăsescu G., Kelemen A.
Institutul de Igienă şi Sănătate Publică Bucureşti
Preventive university medicine (students)
Medicina preventivă universitară [en rumano]
Primarily a university-level textbook on the health problems of university students, this manual covers, among others, the following topics: hygienic conditions in academic study facilities (microclimate, ventilation, lighting, noise); hazard evaluation in the university environment; ergonomic analysis of academic study and of practical work; hygienic standards in laboratories etc. (illumination levels, maximum permissible noise, TLVs for chemical substances and for dusts); safety and health of practical work in various industries.
Editura Medicală, Bucureşti, Romania, 1991. 664p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: ROL 440.00.
Second Joint Meeting on Conditions of Work of Teachers
Deuxième Réunion paritaire sur les conditions de travail des enseignants [en francés]
This Second Joint Meeting on Conditions of Work of Teachers, held at the International Labour Office in Geneva from 20 to 28 November 1991 (for first meeting in 1981, see CIS 81-2075), considered a full range of topics related to teachers' work, such as employment of teachers, private and public education, equality of opportunity and treatment, labour relations, remuneration, conditions of work, improving the status of teachers in the 21st century, and adopted the following conclusions and resolutions: conditions of work of teachers, future ILO activities for teachers, effects of structural adjustment policies on the working conditions of teachers, teachers' trade union rights worldwide, the 25th anniversary of the Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers, 1966.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1992. iii, 50p. Price: CHF 15.00.
Act No.91-1 of 3 January 1991 concerning the development of employment by training within companies, help with social and occupational integration and the arrangement of working hours, for the implementation of the third employment plan [France]
Loi n°91-1 du 3 janvier 1991 tendant au développement de l'emploi par la formation dans entreprises, l'aide à l'insertion sociale et professionnelle et l'aménagement du temps de travail, pour l'application du troisième plan pour l'emploi [France] [en francés]
In addition to the provisions concerning occupational training, social integration and working hours, this Act amends the Labour Code. The application of the provisions of the Labour Code concerning safety and health matters is extended to include personnel and trainees in workshops of public technical or professional educational establishments. A new article L. 231-2-2 provides for the establishment of committees of health or safety in each technical or professional college. A correction to this text appears in the Journal officiel of 20 January 1991, p.1055: p.231, 2nd column, article 10, 1st line, instead of "L. 322-4-12", read "L. 322-4-13" and 2nd and 3rd lines, instead of "L. 322-4-13", read "L. 322-4-14".
Journal officiel de la République française, 5 Jan. 1991, Vol.123, No.4, p.231-234.
Seidman S.A., Zager J.
A study of coping behaviours and teacher burnout
This study investigated whether or not factors of teacher burnout were associated with adaptive and maladaptive coping behaviour. It was found, in a sample of 365 US (north Texas) school teachers, that many physical and psychological problems (e.g., stomach aches and depression) were related to teacher burnout factors. The data also showed that certain maladaptive coping mechanisms (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption) were associated with higher teacher burnout, while adaptive coping strategies (e.g., hobbies) were related to lower burnout levels among school teachers. An association was also revealed between certain demographic factors (e.g., sex) and coping behaviour.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1991, Vol.5, No.3, p.205-216. 80 ref.
Chester A.C., Galland L., McLellan R.K., Stewart D.E., Samuels J.L., Black D.W.
Six letters to the editor commenting on an article by Black D.W. and al. (Environmental illness: a controlled study of 26 subjects with '20th century disease', see CIS 92-347). The letter by McCampbell A. describes an outbreak of recurrent upper respiratory tract infections and fatigue reported among staff at a high school in California. In this case, ventilation was found to be inadequate and the hazy and foul smelling air was due in part to poorly maintained air filters and gasoline engine exhaust near the fresh-air intake. Symptoms and clinical characteristics of this outbreak were consistent with a diagnosis of sinusitis. Since sinusitis is well recognised as occurring after exposure to inhaled irritants and causes sypmtoms of environmental illness, the writer considers such exposure a possible cause of the syndrome. The other letters and the reply by Black D.W. discuss the role of psychiatric disease in the occurrence of 'environmental illness'.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 8 May 1991, Vol.265, No.18, p.2335-2337. Bibl.ref.
Incorporation of occupational safety and health into unit operations laboratory courses: NIOSH Instructional Module
The main aim of this instructional module is to increase safety and health awareness in chemical engineering students engaged in laboratory work and in pilot-plant operations. Subjects covered by the 10 modules: background; introduction (general safety problems, unit operations laboratories (UOLs)); safety procedures and programmes for universities and their UOLs; general laboratory safety rules; safety procedures for UOLs; safety and health standards and regulations in the US; safety principles for UOL projects (fire, mechanical and electrical hazards); industrial hygiene in UOLs (health effects, material safety data sheets (MSDSs), hazard identification, noise, chemical exposure evaluation, other exposures, ventilation requirements, labelling, personal protective equipment, chemical handling and storage, waste disposal, chemical spills); safety precautions during the preparation of experiments; hazard control. Each module is accompanied by sample quiz questions. In the appendices: self-inspection checklist; personal protective equipment in UOLs; odour thresholds, odours, irritation levels and TLVs associated with ca. 250 industrial chemicals; glossary of terms used in MSDS; partial list of relevant US technical standards.
US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1991. 1 vol. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
Developing radiation emergency plans for academic, medical or industrial facilities
Contents of this guidance note: preparing a radiation emergency plan (plan development, management support and functions of individuals); preparing emergency plan implementing procedures (emergency facilities, supplies and equipment, personnel, maintaining emergency preparedness); classification of radiation emergencies (sources of radiation, associated hazards, emergency classification system); practical considerations in handling an emergency (personnel notification, emergency response, recovery and restoration); implementation and evaluation of the plan. Appendices provide sample plans for an industrial research facility and a medical facility along with emergency classification examples.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 7910 Woodmont Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA, Aug. 1991. viii, 129p. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 18.00.
Education Service Advisory Committee
Occupational health services in higher education
This guidance booklet explains the need for occupational health provision in the higher education sector, and recommends how this need can best be met. Contents: basic legal requirements; organisation and function of an occupational health service in a higher education institute (statutory medicals, health surveillance under COSHH, identification of risks to health in the working environment, health assessments, first aid, treatment, vocational advice on occupational health to students, health education and promotion); confidentiality; staffing; financial arrangements; record keeping; accommodation and equipment; contact with outside organisations.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1991. 12p. 10 ref. Price: GBP 3.25.
Accrocco J.O., Roy R.A.
Right-to-know pocket guide for school and university employees
Pocket guide to safety and health for school and university employees working with hazardous chemicals. Contents: legal aspects; guidelines for working with hazardous materials in various school areas; contents of a material safety data sheet (MSDS) and how to read it; hazards of commonly used school materials and products; glossary of terms and abbreviations used on labels and in MSDSs.
Genium Publishing Corporation, One Genium Plaza, Schenectady, NY 12304-4690, USA, 1990. 88p. Illus. Price: USD 3.98 (per copy, for a minimum order of 10 copies), lower prices for large-quantity orders.
Environmental hazards in your school: A resource handbook
The specific environmental hazards discussed in-depth in this booklet are asbestos, indoor air quality, radon, lead in drinking water and other contaminants in school-operated water systems. Adverse effects of the hazards are outlined along with methods of risk reduction, assistance available and relevant legislation. Other concerns briefly discussed include underground storage tanks, recycling efforts, pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls. A list of contacts is also provided.
Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C. 20460, USA, Oct. 1990. 69p. Illus.
Norbäck D., Torgén M., Edling C.
Volatile organic compounds, respirable dust, and personal factors related to prevalence and incidence of sick building syndrome in primary schools.
The relationship between sick building syndrome (SBS), indoor exposures, and personal factors was studied in a 4yr longitudinal study among personnel (n=129) in 6 schools. A relationship existed between SBS on the one hand, and a variety of workplace factors, such as concentration of dust and volatile hydrocarbons in the air, the presence of wall-to-wall carpeting, smoking and hyperreactivity, on the other.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1990, Vol.47, No.11, p.733-741. Illus. 31 ref.
Storing and disposal of hazardous substances by universities
Gefahrstoff-Lagerung und Entsorgung an Hochschulinstituten [en alemán]
Criticism of negligent handling of hazardous substances by universities, mainly chemistry departments, in the Federal Republic of Germany is rebutted. All universities are trying to comply with the Ordinance concerning Hazardous Substances, effective since 1 Oct. 1986 (see CIS 88-1769). Requirements of the ordinance concerning storage, handling and disposal of hazardous substances that are easy to comply with by the universities, and those that require expenditures beyond their means, are outlined.
Nachrichten aus Chemie, Technik und Laboratorium, 1990, Vol.38, No.9, p.1065-1066, 1068. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
Managing occupational stress: A guide for managers and teachers in the schools sector
Contents of this guidance: the nature of stress at work and why it is a cause of concern; effects on individuals and organistions; causes of stress in the education sector; strategies for dealing with stress at work; the management role; individual factors in coping; recommended action. Case studies illustrate causes and effects of stress and methods of treatment.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1990. 28p. 6 ref. Price: GBP 2.00.
Guidotti T.L., Conway J.B.
The environmental health sciences: Building a faculty on basic principles
An account of the factors which influenced the development of the Division of Occupational and Environmental Health within the Graduate School of Public Health at San Diego State University. An environmental health sciences model was developed based on a definition of pollution drawn from systems analysis. This model was applied to academic development and divisional faculty recruitment. A description is given of three disciplines considered to form part of the basic sciences of public health: human population biology and the related concept of "metabolic epidemiology", systems ecology and technology assessment. Tables list recognised environmental health program areas and the disciplinary expertise needed for a comprehensive approach to environmental health sciences.
Archives of Complex Environmental Studies, Aug. 1990, Vol.2, No.2, p.1-8. Illus. 9 ref.
Health and Safety Commission - Education Services Advisory Committee
COSHH: Guidance for universities, polytechnics and colleges of further and higher education
Contents of this guide: principal aims of the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations (see CIS 89-1092); definition of 'substances hazardous to health'; duties of employers, employees and others; guidance on risk assessment and selection and training of assessors; selection, use and maintenance of control measures; need for routine monitoring and health surveillance; provision of information to those exposed to hazardous substances; outlines of relevant Approved Codes of Practice.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1990. 34p. 19 ref. Price: GBP 2.00.
Health and Safety Executive
Electrical safety in schools (Electricity at Work Regulations 1989)
This guidance note deals with safety precautions necessary in respect of danger of electric shock or burns to pupils in primary and secondary schools. Advice is given on fixed electrical installations, which should be installed and maintained in accordance with the Institution of Electrical Engineers Regulations for Electrical Installations, and on the safe use of electrical apparatus. Special safety precautions are outlined for science laboratories and other practical areas and for work involving contact with live conductors. References are given to relevant safety regulations and a checklist summarises routine electrical checks for portable apparatus.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London, SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1990. 7p. 16 ref.
Emergency planning and preparedness for accidents involving radioactive materials used in medicine, industry, research and teaching
This guidance publication is intended to be used in the preparation of response plans for accidents involving radioactive materials used in medicine, industry, research and teaching. Contents: accident analysis and action levels (uses of radioactive materials and potential accidents, exposure pathways, criteria for setting action levels); protective measures; planning for an emergency response; procedures for implementation; medical aspects; public information; training and exercises; maintaining and updating emergency plans. Appendices include examples of accidents involving radioactive materials, a sample radiography contingency plan and a description of a mobile intervention unit.
Division of Publications, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Wien, Austria, 1989. 92p. Illus. 26 ref.
Masuko E., Yamagishi M., Kishi R., Miyake H.
Burnout syndrome among doctors, nurses and other human services professionals. 1. Analysis of the factor structure of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and its relation to the SDS scale
Ishi, kangofu nado taijin sābisu shokugyō jūjisha no "moetsuki shōkōgun". 1. Maslach Burnout Inventory ni yoru inshi kōzō no kaiseki to SDS utsu sukēru to no kanren [en japonés]
The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used to evaluate the burnout state of workers in the human services professions (doctors, nurses, hospital aides, teachers and clerks). The available data were also subjected to factor analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression analysis using Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). The factor loading pattern was similar to that of Maslach's but 2 different factors emerged in addition to the standard factors in the intensity subscale. Burnout is closely related to Depression but also has its own factors. This suggests that burnout is not a subtype of the depressive state.
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, July 1989, Vol.31, No.4, p.203-215. 21 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Kids on site [en inglés]
Cinta de video sobre la seguridad de los niños (especialmente la prevención de los accidentes provocados por automóviles) en las zonas de construcción dentro de los recintos escolares.
CFL Vision, P.O. Box 35, Wetherby LS23 7EX, Reino Unido, 1988. Videocasete. Duración: 11min. Precio: GBP 19,15 (alquiler), GBP 42,13 (venta). ###
Alam I.A., Husain T., Hoda A.
Management of hazardous materials at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
Information is gathered on the quantity and the nature of hazardous chemical waste materials generated by the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (Saudi Arabia) in order to prepare a temporary plan for their disposal. Since the amount of hazardous waste materials generated is small, land disposal is found to be the most economically feasible disposal method until a regional treatment facility becomes available. Guidelines for chemical storage are prepared, stressing the importance of keeping the quantity of chemicals stored to a minimum. A management plan for collection, transportation, and ultimate disposal of hazardous waste materials is outlined. A manual on safe chemical disposal practices in the laboratory is prepared and distributed to concerned departments of the University.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, July 1988, Vol.19, No.1, p.69-77. Illus. 15 ref.
Cordes D.H., Rea D.F., Vuturo A., Rea J.
Management roles for physicians: Training residents for the reality
The University of Arizona has incorporated administrative training into general preventive medicine residency and occupational medicine residency training programmes to provide preparation at the most appropriate time for future management roles for physicians. Training parallels future specialty choices and focuses on computer skills, fiscal control, budgeting, personnel management, political or regulatory process, programme development, and planning and organisation. Throughout the 2-year training period, residents are in a position to acquire management skills through course work, selected rotations, special projects, and a concentrated 1-month rotation in administration. Practical application is excercised in management settings within the department and in the community. A longitudinal training approach is advocated for similar programmes and for other specialties to ensure successful management of health care with physicians as an integral component.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Nov. 1988, Vol.30, No.11, p.863-867. 12 ref.
Avoiding risks during experiments
Beim Experimentieren nichts riskieren [en alemán]
Summary of safety guidelines for experiments conducted during natural science classes. Guidelines include recommendations for conducting experiments with plants, animals as well as for handling and storing radioactive substances and equipment such as lasers and electric circuits. They were worked out by the Conference of State Ministers of Cultural Affairs for secondary schools in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Pluspunkt, 1988, No.2, p.12-13. Illus.
Law of 19 Mar. 1988 concerning safety in government administration and services, in public establishments and in schools [Luxembourg]
Loi du 19 mars 1988 concernant la sécurité dans les administrations et services de l'Etat, dans les établissements publics et dans les écoles [Luxembourg] [en francés]
Law establishing the general framework for occupational safety and health services within the public service and the school system of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Among the provisions of the law: overall responsibility for safety and health; the appointment and role of safety delegates and members of safety committees; the creation of a National Safety Commission and of a National Safety Service within the public service; appointment of an Inspector to direct the National Safety Service (with his rights and duties enumerated).
Mémorial - Journal officiel du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 5 Apr. 1988, A - No.14, p.170-172.
Reyes Soto M.
Programa de prevención de riesgos en los sistemas de educación
Description of the risk prevention programmes implemented by the Chilean Safety Association in the school system (public and private) of the country. These programmes cover safety of pupils and staff in schools, street safety, safety in the home and they are also intended to promote safety consciousness in children in view of their eventual working life. Refresher courses aimed at teaching and administrative staff are also described. Rules are given for disaster planning and for behaviour during and after earthquakes. List of relevant regulatory texts.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Bandera 84, Santiago, Chile, 1988. 78p. Illus.
Workplace prevention and management of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus infections (HIV) - Interim guidelines for schools, day-care
Part of a series of infection control guidelines to prevent the transmission of AIDS virus (HIV) infection in the community, in institutions and in other workplaces. A definition of AIDS, its cause, symptoms, transmission, risk activities, exposure tests, treatment, preventive measures and education are briefly explained. Specific topics covered for schools, day-care centres: AIDS risk assessment to children, classmates and school staff; risk posed by the school environment to the AIDS-infected child; confidentiality, infection control recommendations; management of possible workplace exposure to the AIDS virus.
Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Division, Suite 1000, 330 St. Mary Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3Z5, Canada, 1987. 22p. 22 ref.
Maeda K., Abe I.
Relationship between physical complaints of pain among workers working for handicapped children and orthopedic findings
Periodic health checks among workers working in the education and training of handicapped children revealed a number of cases of joint pain in the shoulders, elbows and lower back. A considerable number of these workers had undergone treatment for similar symptoms before taking their present jobs. An intensive orthopaedic investigation was done on these workers to determine the relationship between their complaints and their medical history. Many of the workers suffered from various orthopaedic disorders, of which osteoarthritis of the spine was the most common. People suffering from these problems are unsuitable for the job of teaching and training severely handicapped children, which requires heavy physical exertion. A careful health checkup before a worker is assigned to such a position is very important.
Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences, June 1987, Vol.14, No.1, p.35-43. Illus. 28 ref.
Health and safety in the school environment
Annotated bibliography of 913 items (books, journal and newspaper articles), predominently of North American origin. Its primary purpose is the education and information of members of school health and safety committees. The citations are grouped by subject: general; the acoustic environment; art materials; asbestos; communicable diseases and parasitic infestations; duplicating machines; furniture; industrial art shops; natural hazards (tornadoes, earthquakes); physical education, recreational facilities and outdoor education; science laboratories; the thermal environment and air quality; video display terminals; the visual environment (lighting, colour).
Canadian Teachers' Federation, 110 Argyle Ave., Ottawa, Ontario K2P 1B4, Canada, June 1987. 247p.
Occupational strain - don't risk it: A handbook for all university staff and students
This training manual on occupational strain and its prevention concentrates on two areas: hand tools and visual display terminals. A design checklist for screen based equipment is given in the appendix.
Occupational Health and Safety Unit, Australian National University, Canberra, A.C.T. 2600, Australia, 1987. 70p. Illus.
Education Service Advisory Committee
Guidance on a voluntary scheme for the collection, collation and analysis of injury, disease and dangerous occurrence data in the education sector
This guidance is designed to encourage all employers in the education sector to collect and analyse, on a uniform and comprehensive basis, data on injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences (referred to collectively as incidents). Accurate reporting of incidents is necessary before useful analysis can be performed. A suggested incident report form, categorisations for such forms and annual return format are given in the appendices.
HMSO Publication Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1986. 14p. 5 ref. Price: GBP 2.90.
National campaign for safety and health in teaching
Campagne nationale de sécurité et d'hygiène dans l'enseignement [en francés]
Ring binder containing 3 brochures. 1: responsibilities for accident prevention in educational institutions. 2: fire prevention and protection. 3: safety in school buildings (general precautions, elevators, handling of materials and objects, hand tools, ladders, electricity, order and discipline, safety on the way to and from school).
Commissariat général à la promotion du travail, 53 rue Belliard, 1040 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1986. 8p. 23p. 53p.
Ministero della Santà
Circular No.45 of 10 July 1986 concerning a programme of technical measures for the identification and elimination of risks linked to the use of asbestos-containing materials in school and hospital buildings in the public and private sector [Italy]
Circolare 10 luglio 1986, n.45 - Piano di interventi e misure tecniche per la individuazione ed eliminazione del rischio connesso all'impiego di materiali contenenti amianto in edifici scolastici e ospedalieri pubblici e privati [en italiano]
Contents: identification of structures containing asbestos; determination of the contamination level; technical measures for the removal of risk (removal and confinement). Appended are: detailed technical recommendations on risk removal (decontamination areas, protection of workers, preparation of the work area, removal of asbestos, decontamination of the work area, protection of areas outside the work area) and sample forms for the reporting of the presence of asbestos-containing materials in schools and hospitals.
Gazzetta ufficiale, 23 July 1986, No.169, p.31-38. Illus.
Ministerio de Educación (Chile)
Prevención de riesgos escolares en la enseñanza parvularia
Detailed description of the safety education programmes (in modular form) taught to nursery-school pupils in Chile. Examples of the posters and pictures used.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Bandera 84, Santiago, Chile, 1986. 157p. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
Electrical safety in departments of electrical engineering
This guidance note advises on the precautions which should be taken to minimise the dangers of electric shock and burns in laboratories of departments of electrical engineering in universities, polytechnics and other educational establishments in the United Kingdom. It applies to any activity, including experiments and measurements, which might bring people into contact with or close to live equipment, connections, terminals, links and measuring instruments.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, Jan. 1986. 2p. 7 ref.
Nursery schools and day-care centres [Sweden]
Förskola och fritidshem [en sueco]
Contents of these regulations (effective 1 Apr. 1987): arrangement of premises (access, delivery entrance, waste exit); adequately dimensioned premises for the envisaged activities and games, store rooms for toys; adaptation of the premises to their purpose (games, cooking, etc.); work heights adapted to adults; sound insulation of premises and household machines; choice of the equipment and products with a view to preventing any air contamination; fan-controlled forced and exhaust ventilation; flooring and lay-out of kitchen and dining hall adapted to the type of meals served; personnel rooms to be provided: locker room, toilets, dining room and rest room. Detailed commentaries are appended.
LiberDistribution, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 27 Jan. 1987. 11p.
1986 Bulletin of the School of Health Sciences of the University of Tokyo
Contents: general information about the university; history, organisation and administration; department of international health, faculty of medicine; graduate studies (admission requirements, fees, etc.); staff, course description; research projects.
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan, Jul. 1986. 81p.
Hazardous and incompatible chemicals in school laboratories
This data sheet describes the characteristics of the more common toxic, corrosive, flammable, explosive and incompatible chemicals found in school and university laboratories. Guidance is given for the safe handling and storage of these chemicals by techicians, teachers and students.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 4p. Bibl.
Lamb B.K., Cronn D.R.
Fume hood exhaust re-entry into a chemistry building
Descriptive of corrective action taken in a case where rooftop air intakes were in close proximity to the fume hood exhaust vents on the roof of the chemistry building of a university in the USA. Following a tracer gas study, the air intakes were moved below roof level to prevent re-entry of exhausted vapours.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1986, Vol.47, No.2, p.115-123. Illus. 10 ref.
Breuer B., Friedman S.M., Millner E.S., Kane M.A., Snyder R.A., Maynard J.E.
Transmission of hepatitis B virus to classroom contacts of mentally retarded carriers
The risk of the spread of hepatitis B virus infection from deinstitutionalised, mentally retarded carriers to pupil and staff school contacts in the New York City public school system was measured serologically in a 3-phase study from 1978 to 1982. In the third phase, undertaken in 1982, blood samples were drawn and questionnaires were completed on students and staff tested in either of the first 2 phases and on comparison groups with intermediate and no known school exposure to deinstitutionalised carriers. Logistic regression analyses revealed that staff and pupils with a history of classroom exposure to a hepatitis B virus carrier had significantly increased prevalences of hepatitis B virus infection (13.4%, odds ratio = 1.9; 9.3%, odds ratio = 2.5, respectively). Similarly, yearly seroconversion rates of 1.3% and 0.67% indicate that staff and, to a lesser extent, pupils are at increased risk of infection.
Journal of the American Medical Association, Dec. 1985, Vol.254, No.22, p.3190-3195. 13 ref.
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