Teaching and educational institutions - 239 entradas encontradas
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- Teaching and educational institutions
Trudeau F., Laurencelle L.
The workload and energy expenditure of physical education instructors
La charge de travail et la dépense énergétique de l'éducateur physique [en francés]
The objective of this study was to quantify the energy expenditure of physical education instructors in their work environment, based on their physical condition determined by laboratory tests, but also according to different criteria including the educational tasks performed. Participating instructors were subjected to cardiofrequency monitoring and kept a diary of their work activity. It was found that the average energy expenditure of physical education instructors varies from low to moderate, but includes periods of very high intensity. This energy expenditure is not affected by gender, age or educational level. Finally, the physical condition of physical educators, particularly aerobic, is good to excellent.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2011. vi, 24p. 28 ref.
La charge_de_travail_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en francés]
This Internet page presents a digital training package - ILO Construction Occupational Safety and Health (OSH). It provides tutors with the materials required to plan, create and deliver a construction safety and health course built to the needs of the participants. The information is structured in a highly flexible, modular format which enables its use in varied training scenarios including one-day seminars, night classes or week-long courses. The package is relevant to a global audience and is designed to be applicable in differing political, cultural, and legal environments. It is targeted at four main construction sector actors: workers, clients, contractors and design and project management teams. Four model courses are provided - one for each of these groups -comprising thematised modules, PowerPoint resources, visual materials, toolbox briefings and an extensive knowledge base for further reference. Contents of the package: overview; tutor's guide; theme summaries; theme Powerpoint presentations; knowledge base; toolbox briefings; model courses.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010. Page with links to various training materials in PDF and HTML format.
Martinez-Losa Tobías J.F., Bestratén Belloví M.
Desarrollo de competencias y riesgos psicosociales (II). Ejemplo de aplicación en la docencia
This information note sheet complements the NTP 856 (see ISN 111696) on a model of skills development to cope with psychosocial risks. It describes an application of the model in the field of education which has yielded positive results and shown to be successful.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 18 ref.
NTP_857.pdf [en español]
Madsen I.E., Diderichsen F., Burr H., Rugulies R.
Person-related work and incident use of antidepressants: Relations and mediating factors from the Danish work environment cohort study
Previous Danish studies have shown that employees who work with people are at increased risk of hospitalization with a diagnosis of depression. This study examines whether person-related work is associated with incident use of antidepressants, and whether this association is mediated by several work environment exposures. Self-reported data from 4958 participants in the Danish work environment cohort study in 2000 were linked with the use of antidepressants between 2001 and 2006. Compared to employees doing non-person-related work, the use of antidepressants was increased statistically significantly for healthcare workers and statistically non-significantly for educational workers. The use of antidepressants was not elevated for social or customer service workers, or those doing other types of person-related work. The increased risks of antidepressant-use for healthcare and educational workers were attenuated when adjusted for emotional demands at work. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Nov. 2010, Vol.36, No.6, p.435-444. 63 ref.
Turhan O., Senol Y., Baykul T., Saba R., Yalçin A.N.
Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour of students from a medicine faculty, dentistry faculty, and medical technology vocational training school towards HIV/AIDS
With increasing numbers of HIV/AIDS patients, physicians, dentists, and nurses taking care of these patients should have sufficient knowledge of the disease and consequently adopt suitable precautionary behaviour. The aim of this study was to examine the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among students from a medicine faculty, dentistry faculty and medical technology vocational training school, to investigate attitudes and behaviour, and possible differences between first-year and final-year students. A questionnaire was administered to 357 students. Findings are discussed. Overall, they highlight an obvious lack of education among all three student groups.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 2010, Vol.23, No.2, p.153-160. Illus. 23 ref.
Knowledge.pdf [en inglés]
Kusma B., Nienhaus A., Spallek M., Quarcoo D., Groneberg D.A., Mache S.
Bidirectional assessment of stress, job satisfaction and work ability of educators in day care centres: A real-time observation study - The study protocol (BASE)
The objectives and design of a future study aimed at collecting precise data relating to work of educators. The effects of different types of ownership of day care centres on job satisfaction and work ability of educators will be assessed with the help of objective real time studies in combination with multi-level psycho diagnostic measurements. Following an exhaustive documentation of educators work processes, the day-to-day task can be estimated and approaches for prevention can be developed. This can substantially contribute to an overall improvement of child care in Germany.
Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 2010, No.5:16, 5p. Illus. 32 ref.
Bidirectional_assessment.pdf [en inglés]
Desafíos y oportunidades para la integración de la prevención de riesgos laborales en la educación universitaria - Resumen de un informe
Challenges and opportunities for mainstreaming OSH into university education - Summary of a Report [en inglés]
Défis et opportunités pour intégrer la SST dans l'enseignement universitaire - Résumé d'un rapport [en francés]
Future engineers, architects, medical professionals and business administrators and managers will all need to take account of occupational safety and health (OSH) aspects in their working lives. This fact sheet summarizes a report which demonstrates that there are more challenges to integrating OSH into university-level education compared with other levels of education. However, the cases presented also show that steps are being taken to mainstream OSH into university education in a variety of disciplines and in a variety of ways. The fact sheet is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
Facts_91/EN.pdf [en inglés]
Facts_91/FR.pdf [en francés]
Facts_91/ES.pdf [en español]
Donatelli S., Andrade Oliveira J.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
The work of teachers in basic education in Rio Grande do Sul
O trabalho de professores da educação básica no Rio Grande do Sul [en portugués]
The book presents the results of a study on the conditions of work of public schooling teachers in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and their effects on health. The analysis is based on discussions held with groups of teachers in basic education in Brazil, i.e. kindergarten, elementary school and high school.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2010. 76p. Illus. 46 ref.
O_trabalho_de_professores.pdf [en portugués]
Chin P., DeLuca C., Poth C., Chadwick I., Hutchinson N., Munby H.
Enabling youth to advocate for workplace safety
Work-related injury rates for Canadian youth (ages 15-24) are alarmingly high compared to adult workers even though youth are less likely to be performing hazardous jobs. This paper reports on a document analysis of youth workplace safety education initiatives sponsored by national and provincial/territorial governmental and non-governmental agencies. Web-based documents were analyzed through the theoretical lens of self-advocacy. The self-advocacy framework highlights how youth can be agentic in altering high-risk workplaces by publicly articulating their own interests, needs, and rights; thus, self-advocacy is a critical component in studying educational programs for youth safety. The analysis revealed that instruction on workplace safety identifies safety issues to workers and tells youth to work safely but does little to promote self-advocacy in young workers.
Safety Science, June 2010, Vol.48, No.5, p.570-579. 32 ref.
Copsey S., eds.
Mainstreaming occupational safety and health into university education
Future engineers, architects, medical professionals, business administrators and managers will all need to take account of OSH in aspects in their working lives. This report presents a variety of cases across European countries illustrating how OSH has been included in university-level education. Of most interest were examples where OSH was embedded in the programme of other undergraduate studies, such as a general engineering undergraduate course or a business studies course. However, only few examples were found where OSH education had been truly embedded within the curriculum of individual courses.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 171p. Illus. 16 ref. Price (excluding VAT): EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Mainstreaming_occupational.pdf [en inglés]
Stacey N., Simpson K., Schleyer G.
Health and Safety Executive
Integrating risk concepts into undergraduate engineering courses
This report describes a joint project conducted by the Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL) and the University of Liverpool Engineering Department to integrate risk concepts into their undergraduate engineering course. The project defined risk education learning outcomes that can be integrated into an undergraduate engineering curriculum and implementing them by merging new teaching materials (involving real accident case studies) into core engineering modules. The success of the project was evaluated in terms of student's understanding of risk, at different points during their course, and interactions of the project team with academic staff. A questionnaire to ascertain students' understanding of risk was developed to support both development of materials and their evaluation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. x, 29p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Integrating_risk_concepts_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Tong Y.H., Lin Y.W., Chen C.C., Lin J.M.
Perceptions of general education on occupational health and safety among college students in Taiwan
Undergraduate students were surveyed to assess their awareness of and interest in safety and health education. Out of 5258 questionnaires distributed among 66 colleges and universities in Taiwan, 4474 questionnaires were returned. The respondents were asked to provide demographic information and to respond to questions about a proposed college course in general occupational safety and health (OSH) and questions about 30 OSH topics. Their awareness and learning interest about each topic were evaluated on a 4-point scale. Statistical analysis of variance and logistic linear regression were performed. Only 13% of respondents had previously taken safety and health courses. More than 39% of respondents indicated that they would take general OSH courses if the courses were offered by their colleges. Student motivation to take OSH courses was apparently related to their experience in OSH coursework, their academic background, and their current learning interest in the 30 OSH topics. Students with natural science or engineering backgrounds tended to express strong interest in OSH topics and courses. In conclusion, implementing general health and safety education in college is recommended. In addition, developing an OSH course module system would meet student expectations, as courses would consider the learning interests and needs of students with different college majors.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 2009, Vol.6, p.468-474. Illus. 16 ref.
Braeckman L., Bekaert M., Cobbaut L., De Ridder M., Glazemakers J., Kiss P.
Workplace visits versus case studies in undergraduate occupational medicine teaching
The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness and acceptability of two active approaches in teaching occupational medicine to undergraduate medical students. Two training formats were compared in Belgium: in 2007, fourth-year students were sent on a workplace visit, and the next-year group discussed real life case studies. Students' perceptions were obtained by means of questionnaires. In both the groups, all learning objectives were equally achieved with the exception that awareness of risk factors and preventive measures was significantly higher in the group with workplace visits. However, students rated the case scenarios as more relevant. Until now, many training methods have not been fully investigated. This study demonstrates that depending on the interest, experiences, and resources of teachers, students, and universities, both worksite visits and case studies can be effectively applied in teaching occupational medicine.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2009, Vol.51, No.12, p.1455-1459. 16 ref.
Chen L., Tapp L.
Evaluation of exposures in sculpture studios at a college art department
NIOSH received a confidential employee request for a health hazard evaluation at Brooklyn College in Brooklyn, New York. The request was to investigate safety and health concerns in the sculpture studios, including the ceramic, woodworking and metalworking studios. Employees were concerned that degenerative nerve damage, lung cancer, sinus problems, allergies and headaches were possibly related to work exposures. NIOSH investigators conducted an initial evaluation that included an opening conference, a tour of the three sculpture studios, observations of work activities, and a review of relevant safety and health documents. They evaluated the ventilation in the studios, collected area and personal breathing zone air samples for volatile organic compounds and welding fumes. All samples showed results at trace levels or well below threshold limit values. However inadequate electrical grounding, machine guarding, and spacing around power tools and machines were observed, together with poor housekeeping practices. A number of recommendations were made.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Feb. 2009. vi, 23p. 5 ref.
HETA_2007-0167-3078.pdf [en inglés]
Rosa V., Alessandri G.
Teachers' efficacy: Promoting job commitment and job satisfaction
L'efficacia dei docenti: come promuovere l'impegno nell'organizzazione e la soddisfazione lavorativa [en italiano]
Self-efficacy is a strong predictor of teachers' job commitment and active participation. This article presents an in-depth analysis of the soundness and validity of a theoretical model regarding the influence of personal and collective self-efficacy on two key organizational variables within the school context: job commitment and job satisfaction. The theoretical model was checked against data using structural-equation models, a statistical tool that allows an empirical test of the degree to which a theoretical model explains the empirical co-variance observed within a set of empirical data. Findings attest the validity of the proposed theoretical model.
Prevenzione oggi, July-Dec 2009, Vol.5, No.3/4, p.73-84. Illus. 39 ref.
L'efficacia_dei_docenti.pdf [en italiano]
Teachers'_efficacy.pdf [en inglés]
Leal Ferreira L., Iguti A.M., Donatelli S., Queiroz Barbeiro Lima C.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
The work of the teachers of compulsory education in the State of São Paulo
O trabalho de professores na educação básica em São Paulo [en portugués]
This book on the conditions of work of teachers in the State of São Paulo and their impact on their health presents the main findings of interviews with teachers in public education.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2009. 90p. Illus. 29 ref.
O_trabalho_de_professores_em_São_Paulo.pdf [en portugués]
Andrade Oliveira J., Pesente J.C., Leal Ferreira L.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
The work of the teachers of compulsory education in Mato Grosso do Sul
O trabalho de professores na educação básica em Mato Grosso do Sul [en portugués]
This book on the conditions of work of teachers in Mato Grosso do Sul and their impact on their health presents the main findings from interviews with teachers in public education.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2009. 87p. Illus. 17 ref.
O_trabalho_de_professores_em_Mato_Grosso_do_Sul.pdf [en portugués]
Medina Coeli Mendonça E., Moraes de Souza D., Leal Ferreira L.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
The work of the teachers of compulsory education in Belem do Pará
O trabalho de professores na educacão básica em Belém do Pará [en portugués]
This book on the conditions of work of teachers in Belem do Para, Brazil, presents the main findings from interviews with teachers in compulsory education (kindergarten, primary and secondary level). Contents: general data about public education in the state of Pará and in Belem; the daily work of teachers; work of teachers in kindergarten classes; work of teachers in literacy teaching.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2009. 83p. Illus. 19 ref.
O_trabalho_de_professores_em_Belém_do_Pará.pdf [en portugués]
Couhanan M., Walsh H., Speare R.
Head lice as an OHS risk to primary school teachers in Australia
In a questionnaire survey of 275 primary school teachers from two Australian states, almost three-quarters felt that head lice posed a risk to them. Over half the teachers used methods to prevent them from acquiring head lice at school. Implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 2009, Vol.25, No.6, p.477-481. 11 ref.
Wicker S., Rabenau H.F., Groneberg D.A., Gottschalk R.
Occupationally-acquired infections among health care workers: Children's diseases
Arbeitsbedingte Infektionen bei Mitarbeitern des Gesundheitswesens: Kinderkrankheiten [en alemán]
Infections professionnelles chez les soignants: maladies infantiles [en francés]
Infectious childrens' diseases can cause substantial illness and complications among non-immune health care workers, and present a significant risk for pregnant women. This article reviews literature data on children's diseases (measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and parvovirus B 19) and describes the preventive measures to be taken by health care workers to reduce the risk of transmission of these infectious diseases. See also ISN 110616, ISN 110617 and ISN 110619.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie, Dec. 2009, Vol.59, No.12, p.370-381. Illus. 43 ref.
Elsner G., Petereit-Haack G., Nienhaus A.
Work-related infections in kindergarten workers
Berufsbedingte Inkektionen bei Erzieherinnen und Erziehern in Kindergärten [en alemán]
Nursery school teachers in contact with small children are at risk of infectious diseases. This study analysed the relevant literature on infectious diseases among nursery school teachers since 1990 to examine which agents were responsible for increased risks. Although the analysis did not provide information on the relative infection risk, it is suggested that nursery school teachers be not only tested regularly for hepatitis A, measles, mumps, varicella and rubella, but also examined for cytomegalic inclusion disease and parvovirus, as these two pathogens present an increased infection risk and can furthermore lead to damage to the foetus.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie, Feb. 2009, Vol.59, No.2, p.34-42. 36 ref.
Boscolo P., Di Donato A., Di Giampaolo L., Forcella L., Reale M., Dadorante V., Alparone F., Pagliaro S., Kouri M., Magrini A., Fattorini E.
Blood natural killer activity is reduced in men with occupational stress and job insecurity working in a university
The objective of this study was to examine the immune response to job strain and insecurity among men working in an Italian university. Anxiety, job strain, job insecurity and subjective symptoms were measured by questionnaires. Blood NK cytotoxic activity was determined by an in vitro method and lymphocyte subpopulations by flow-cytometry analysis. Library workers aged over 40 showed higher values of job strain, anxiety and subjective symptoms and lower blood NK activity. Young temporary employees also had reduced blood NK activity. Other findings are discussed. It is concluded that not only anxiety and depression but also high levels of job strain and/or insecurity may present risks to health by reducing blood NK activity.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, May 2009, Vol.82, No.6, p.787-794. Illus. 30 ref.
Pillastrini P., Mugnai R., Bertozzi L., Costi S., Curti S., Mattioli S., Violante F.S.
Effectiveness of an at-work exercise program in the prevention and management of neck and low back complaints in nursery school teachers
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an exercise programme in the prevention and management of low back and neck pain in nursery school teachers. Seventy-one nursery school teachers working in nine locations were randomly divided into two groups. All the teachers received an ergonomics booklet, while teachers in the intervention group additionally received an extension-oriented exercise programme conducted by a physiotherapist. Data were collected at baseline and at a two-month follow-up. At follow-up, significant improvements were observed in the intervention group as compared to the control group for all the outcomes evaluated.
Industrial Health, July 2009, Vol.47, No.4, p.349-354. 40 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Implementation of Worklife Support's Well-Being Programme in the local authority-controlled education sector
The broad aims of this project were to introduce an approach for the management of work-related stress in the education sector and to demonstrate how this approach could have an impact on organizational well-being. It was conducted in public sector schools of two regions of the United Kingdom. The programme was shown to offer an effective risk assessment for stress. According to the end-of-programme school evaluation questionnaire, it has raised awareness of the HSE Management Standards; raised awareness of factors that affect staff well-being; supported staff to take personal responsibility for their own well-being; encouraged an atmosphere in which staff groups feel able to contribute to the promotion of well being.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. vi, 73p. Illus.
HSE_Research_Report_652.pdf [en inglés]
Sanches Tavares D., Leal Ferreira L., Maciel R.H.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
The work of the teachers of public compulsory education in Piauí
O trabalho de professores na educação básica pública no Piauí [en portugués]
This booklet on the conditions of work of teachers in Piauí and their impact on their health presents the main findings of interviews with teachers in public education.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2008. 103p. Illus.
O_trabalho_de_professores_no_Piauí.pdf [en portugués]
Ministère du Travail, des Relations sociales, de la Famille et de la Solidarité
Report on the training of managers and engineers in occupational health
Rapport sur la formation des managers et ingénieurs en santé au travail [en francés]
The objective of this study was to analyze training programmes on occupational safety and health and working conditions in higher educational institutions that train future enterprise managers, and to propose changes and improvements to these programmes. Following many auditions, the report makes twelve proposals for improving the awareness and training of managers.
La Documentation française, 29-31 quai Voltaire, 75007 Paris, France. 2008. 79p. Illus.
Rapport_sur_la_formation.pdf [en francés]
La SST en los planes de estudios: actividades de los Estados miembros - Resumen de un informe
OSH in the school curriculum - Member State activities - Summary of a report [en inglés]
La SST dans les programmes scolaires: activités des États membres - Résumé d'un rapport [en francés]
To underpin occupational safety and health (OSH) education in schools and colleges it is necessary to formalise it in curriculum requirements. This fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report which reviews how the Member States have been including OSH and risk education in their national curricula. This fact sheet is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2008. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
Facts_82/EN.pdf [en inglés]
Facts_82/FR.pdf [en francés]
Facts_82/ES.pdf [en español]
Unterbrink T., Zimmermann L., Pfeifer R., Wirsching M., Brähler E., Bauer J.
Parameters influencing health variables in a sample of 949 German teachers
Using stepwise regression in a sample of 949 German school teachers, this study analyzed the correlation between personal and professional parameters on one hand, and general health, burnout and perceived stress on the other. A significant correlation was found between work-related factors and parameters of state of health. Compared to all other factors considered, verbal insults by pupils had the strongest negative impact. Positive feedback by parents and pupils or support by colleagues and school heads had a significant protective influence. Results show that interpersonal factors play a prominent role with respect to both stress and the protection of teachers' health.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct. 2008, Vol.82, No.1, p.117-123. 40 ref.
Norbäck D., Nordström K.
Sick building syndrome in relation to air exchange rate, CO2, room temperature and relative air humidity in university computer classrooms: An experimental study
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of ventilation and temperature changes in university computer rooms on symptoms among students. Two classrooms had higher air exchange; two others had lower air exchange. After one week, ventilation conditions were interchanged between the rooms. The students reported symptoms during the last hour, on a seven-step rating scale. Measurements included room temperature, relative humidity carbon dioxide (CO2), PM10 and ultra-fine particles, illumination, air velocity, formaldehyde, nitrogen and ozone. Data were subjected to multiple regression analyses. It was found that computer classrooms may have CO2 above 1,000 ppm and temperatures above 22°C, and that these conditions may affect mucosal membrane symptoms, headaches and tiredness. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct. 2008, Vol.82, No.1, p.21-30. 32 ref.
Training of future engineers and managers
Former les futurs ingénieurs et managers [en francés]
This issue is largely devoted to the proposals of an expert retained by the French Ministries of employment and of higher education on occupational safety and health training in universities and advanced learning institutions. It also presents several INRS publications and initiatives in various fields (emerging hazards, alcohol and drugs at work, wood dust, glycol ethers, standardization).
Réalité Prévention, Nov.-Dec. 2008, No.18, 4p. (whole issue). Illus. 7 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/Pdf%20ActuRealitePrevention18/$File/ActuRealitePrevention18.pdf [en francés]
Munier C., Kinsella R.
The prevalence and impact of voice problems in primary school teachers
Teachers have been identified as being at increased risk of developing an occupational voice disorder. Primary school teachers are particularly at risk as they have little opportunity for voice rest during the working day. To analyse the prevalence and impact of voice problems, an 85-item questionnaire was administered to 550 primary school teachers from 42 schools in the greater Dublin area, Ireland. A response rate of 55% was obtained. Results suggest that 27% suffered from a voice problem and 53% from an intermittent voice problem, while only 20% had no voice problem. Teachers of the junior classes were more vulnerable to developing a voice problem than those of senior classes. The most common symptoms were dry throat and vocal fatigue. Other findings are discussed.
Occupational Medicine, Jan. 2008, Vol.58, No.1, p.74-76. Illus. 9 ref.
http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/58/1/74 [en inglés]
The role of school organizational climate in occupational stress among secondary school teachers in Tehran
The objective of this study was to examine the influence of school organizational climate on the occupational stress of teachers. The study population consisted of a random sample of 220 secondary schools teachers in Tehran, Iran. Data on organizational climate and occupational stress were collected by means of questionnaires and subjected to statistical regression analysis. Moderate or high occupational stress was reported by 40% of the subjects. The rate of occupational stress among teachers could be predicted using the scores on the school organizational climate.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 4th quarter 2008, Vol.21, No.4, p.319-329. 34 ref.
Enseignement [en francés]
Onderwijs [en holandés]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to teaching. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflets inviting participants of different classes of employees to attend Déparis meetings and the corresponding Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four companion checklists to the Déparis participative guides, aimed at apprentices in the woodworking, construction, health care and all other sectors; leaflet on the prevention of occupational hazards in teaching.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [en francés]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [en holandés]
Takada S., Okamoto S., Yamada C., Ukai H., Samoto H., Ohashi F., Ikeda M.
Chemical exposures in research laboratories in a university
Research laboratories in a Japanese university were investigated for airborne levels of organic solvents and specified chemical substances. Repeated surveys revealed that the solvent concentrations were in excess of permissible levels only in a few laboratories and none with regard to specified chemicals. Such conditions were achieved primarily by extensive installation and use of local exhaust systems. The survey further revealed that types of chemicals used in research laboratories were extremely varied but used only in small amounts. Therefore, it appears more appropriate to make personal exposure assessments rather than evaluation of levels in the air of research laboratories.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2008, Vol.46, No.2, p.166-173. Illus. 28 ref.
Bakke J.V., Wieslander G., Norbäck D., Moen B.E.
Atopy, symptoms and indoor environmental perceptions, tear film stability, nasal patency and lavage biomarkers in university staff
This cross-sectional study of 173 employees in four university buildings in Norway evaluated associations between airway symptoms, complaints on environmental perceptions, atopy, tear film break up time, nasal patency, nasal mucosa proteins and various biomarkers. Personal predictors (gender, age, smoking, infections) for the biomarkers as well as associations between the biomarkers were also assessed. Findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, July 2008, Vol.81, No.7, p.861-872. 52 ref.
Trujillo Vargas C.M., Vargas E.
Factores psicosociales y reacciones psicosomáticas y psicológicas de estrés
This article consists of a review of psychosocial factors and psychosomatic and psychological reactions of stress, together with the findings of a study carried out among employees of a technical university in Columbia. Main topics addressed: theoretical aspects of stress; consequences of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction; physiological, emotional and behavioural changes related to stress; disorders caused by reactions to stress; phases of stress (alertness, resistance, exhaustion); analysis of the findings of the study and evaluation of the impact of stress.
Salud, Trabajo y Ambiente, 2nd Quarter 2008, Vol.15, No.56, p.9-17. Illus. 14 ref.
Ranchal Sánchez A., Vaquero Abellán M.
Protocolo para la vigilancia de la salud del profesorado con atención a la enfermedad profesional
The most frequent pathologies encountered among teachers are voice disorders. It is important to diagnose these diseases during regular medical examinations in this population at risk. An epidemiological survey on the state of health and occupational diseases was carried out involving a sample of 361 teachers (51.8% women). Based on the findings of the survey, a method for monitoring the health of teaching staff, including vocal health, is proposed.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, June 2008, Vol.LIV, No.211, p.47-60. Illus. 21 ref.
http://www.isciii.es/htdocs/centros/medicinadeltrabajo/revistamedicinatrabajo/Medicina_211.pdf [en español]
http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?pid=S0465-546X2008000200007&script=sci_arttext [en español]
Milham S., Morgan L.L.
A new electromagnetic exposure metric: High frequency voltage transients associated with increased cancer incidence in teachers in a California school
In 2003, the teachers of a school in California complained of an abnormally high incidence rate of cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the cancer incidence among these teachers, and its cause. A retrospective study of cancer incidence in the teachers' cohort was investigated in relationship to the school's electrical environment. Sixteen school teachers among the 137 teachers working at the school from 1988 to 2005 were diagnosed with 18 cancers. The observed to expected (O/E) ratio for all cancers was 2.78, while the O/E ratio was 9.8 for malignant melanoma, 13.3 for thyroid cancer end 9.2 for uterine cancer. A positive relationship was found between cancer risk and cumulative exposure to high frequency voltage transients on the classroom's electrical wiring. It is concluded that high frequency voltage transients may be a universal carcinogen, similar to ionizing radiation.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.51 No.8, p.579-586. Illus. 10 ref.
Mazurek J.M., Filios M., Willis R., Rosenman K.D., Reilly M.J., McGreevy K., Schill D.P., Valiante D., Pechter E., Davis L., Flattery J., Harrison R.
Work-related asthma in the educational services industry: California, Massachusetts, Michigan, and New Jersey, 1993-2000
The objective of this study was to characterize work-related asthma (WRA) among persons working in educational services, identified by state-based occupational disease surveillance systems. A total of 2,995 WRA cases reported from 1993 to 2000 to four states, California, Massachusetts, Michigan and New Jersey, were examined. Nine percent of the WRA cases were employed in educational services, among which 69% were classified as new-onset asthma and 31% as work-aggravated asthma. New-onset asthma cases were further classified as occupational asthma (61%) or as reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (8%). The most frequently reported occupation was teachers and teachers' aides (54%). The most frequently reported agents were indoor air pollutants (28%), moulds (16%), dusts (14%) and cleaning products (7%).
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 2008, Vol.51, No.2, p.47-59. 52 ref.
Oramas Viera A., Almirall hernandez P., Fernández I.
Estrés laboral y el síndrome de burnout en docentes venezolanos
This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of occupational stress and burnout among Venezuelan teachers, together with associated factors. A total of 885 teachers of 53 schools answered a Spanish-language version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Questionnaire for teachers, as well as a stress symptoms questionnaire. Emotional exhaustion was the most prevalent dimension of burnout. The best predictors of emotional exhaustion were age and perceived occupational stress. For depersonalisation, the best predictors were perceived stress and being of male gender. Occupational factors associated with increased stress were workload, student-related factors, low salary and inadequate materials and equipment. Other findings are discussed.
Salud de los Trabajadores, July-Dec. 2007, Vol.15, No.2, p.71-87. Illus. 35 ref
Bakke J.V., Moen B.E., Wieslander G., Norbäck D.
Gender and physical and psychosocial work environments are related to indoor air symptoms
The objective of this study was to assess gender differences in self-reported indoor-air symptoms as a function of psychosocial and physical work environments. Persons working in four university buildings were investigated by means of questionnaires, blood samples, and indoor environment measurements (temperature, air velocity, relative humidity, CO2 and dust). Analyses were performed by linear and logistic regression. Women reported health symptoms more often than men and complained more about physical but not psychosocial factors. Men's symptoms and complaints were more specifically associated to air velocity and humidity. Relative humidity in the range of 15% to 35% was associated with the perception of too low temperature and dry air. Other findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 2007, Vol.49, No.6, p.641-650. 63 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Testing the effectiveness of the streamlined national well being programme at managing work-related stress in schools
The HSE have identified six main factors of work organization that, if not properly managed, are associated with poor health and wellbeing: demands, control, support, relationships, role and change. HSE's Management Standards for Work-Related Stress represent a set of conditions that reflect high levels of health, wellbeing and organisational performance in each of these areas. Following these standards helps employers to identify the gap between their current performance and these conditions, and to develop their own solutions to close this gap. This study evaluated the effectiveness of these standards in managing work-related stress in schools. It involved collecting data from participating local authorities and schools. Findings are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. x, 81p. Illus.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr588.pdf [en inglés]
Muto S., Muto T., Seo A., Yoshida T., Taoda K., Watanabe M.
Job stressors and job stress among teachers engaged in nursing activity
This study evaluated job stressors and job stress among nursing activity in schools for handicapped children using a cross-sectional study design. The subjects were all 1461 teachers from all 19 schools for handicapped children in a Japanese Prefecture. It was carried out the form of a postal questionnaire survey, competed by 831 subjects. Job stressors among teachers engaged in nursing activity were compared with those among teachers not engaged in nursing activity. Job stress among such teachers was estimated by the score for total health risk, and was compared with the score in the Japanese general population. It was found that teachers engaged in nursing activity had a significantly higher level of stressors for workload and job control compared with those not engaged in nursing activity. Other findings are discussed.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2007, Vol.45, No.1, p.44-48. 21 ref.
Bauer J., Unterbrink T., Hack A., Pfeifer R., Buhl-Grießhaber V., Müller U., Wesche H., Frommhold M., Seibt R., Scheuch K., Wirsching M.
Working conditions, adverse events and mental health problems in a sample of 949 German teachers
The aim of this study was to explore the workload of teachers, to analyse the extent of negative or threatening school-related events teachers are confronted with and to evaluate mental health strain. A sample of 949 German teachers in 10 high schools and 79 middle schools was investigated applying a questionnaire covering different aspects of the occupational burden and threatening events, and the general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). More than 42% had faced verbal insults, almost 7% deliberate damage to personal property and 4.4% threats of violence by pupils during the past 12 months. When applying the GHQ-12, 29.8% reported significant mental health problems. Teachers in middle schools indicated more of such problems than those of high schools. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr. 2007, Vol.80, No.5, p.442-449. 37 ref.
Unterbrink T., Hack A., Pfeifer R., Buhl-Grießhaber V., Müller U., Wesche H., Frommhold M., Scheuch K., Seibt R., Wirsching M., Bauer J.
Burnout and effort-reward imbalance in a sample of 949 German teachers
The aim of this study was to explore teacher burnout and the relationship between their efforts and their rewards. A sample of 949 German teachers in 10 high schools and 79 middle schools was investigated applying the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-D) and the Effort Reward Imbalance Inventory (ERI). Compared with studies investigating burnout in other occupations, high rates of symptoms such as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment were found. Male teachers showed significantly lower personal accomplishment and more depersonalization than female teachers. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr. 2007, Vol.80, No.5, p.433-441. 42 ref.
Memoria bienal 2005-2006
Biennial report 2005-6 [en inglés]
En el sumario de esta memoria de actividades del Centro para la salud medioambiental y del trabajo de la Universidad de KwaZulu-Natal correspondiente al bienio 2005-2006: introducción; estructura y administración; efectivos; actividades en 2005-2006; publicaciones científicas durante el periodo 2005-2006; fuentes de financiación
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella, 4013 South Africa, 2007. 41p. Illus.
Radon K., Kolb S., Reichert J., Baumeister T., Fuchs R., Hege I., Praml G., Fischer M., Nowak D.
Case-based e-learning in occupational medicine - The NetWoRM project in Germany
The aim of the NetWoRM Project is the development, evaluation and implementation of a case-based e-learning tool for occupational medicine to increase knowledge in clinical aspects of occupational medicine. To date, 19 e-learning cases have been developed. Cases were validated by two experts and evaluated by users. This article presents the results of the user evaluations at three German medical schools. Of 557 medical students registered for the online course, 377 answered the online evaluation form. Depending on the case, the median time spent on a case ranged from 25-43 minutes. The level of knowledge required to work on the cases was rated high. This was supported by the fact that on median only 47-71% of the questions were answered correctly. Cases focusing on occupational health problems such as needle stick injuries were rated highest. Students enjoyed working on e-learning cases as a complement to traditional teaching.
AAEM - Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 2006, Vol.13, No.1, p.93-98. Illus. 14 ref.
Case-based_e-learning.pdf [en inglés]
Oberdörster M., Tiesler G.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Acoustic ergonomics of schools
Akustische Ergonomie der Schule [en alemán]
This study was undertaken in response to numerous complaints by teachers concerning school noise. It was carried out in two German elementary schools. Based on noise measurements taken in classrooms during 175 lessons, it was analysed how the different modes of teaching (frontal lessons as and differentiated lessons) have an effect on noise levels (expressed as LA95 et LAeq). Next, it was investigated how changes in classroom acoustics affected the sound levels in context with each kind of work. It was found that with acoustic improvements, sound levels decrease, students' social behaviour becomes calmer, and teachers experience less stress and a lower sensitivity with regard to the sound level. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2006. 193p. Illus. 108 ref. Index. Price: EUR 19.00.
Brown J., Gilmour W.H., Macdonald E.B.
Jubilación por razones de salud de los maestros escoceses: procesos, datos y reinserción profesional
Ill health retirement in Scottish teachers: Process, outcomes and re-employment [en inglés]
La finalidad de este estudio era evaluar los procesos, las causas y las circunstancias de una jubilación anticipada por razones de salud entre los maestros escoceses. Entre abril de 1998 y marzo de 2000, se remitió a 537 maestros que estaban jubilados anticipadamente por razones de salud, un cuestionario sobre la percepción y la experiencia que tenían respecto de los servicios de prevención, el acceso a rehabilitación y orientación profesional, el estado de salud actual y su experiencia tras su retiro. Las respuestas ponen de manifiesto la ausencia de apoyo al personal docente en múltiples aspectos, problema que necesita de soluciones por parte de las autoridades. Este estudio confirma la necesidad de poder acceder a servicios de rehabilitación y reeducación, con el fin de mantener la actividad de los maestros con experiencia
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, May 2006, Vol.79, No.5, p.433-440. Illus. 27 ref.
http://www.springerlink.com/content/y69g45324771n0t4/fulltext.pdf [en inglés]
De Clerck L.
Corte para el trabajo
Taillé pour l'emploi [en francés]
Este artículo trata de la evaluación de riesgos efectuada en una escuela de peluquería belga que tenia 430 alumnos. Temas tratados: cumplimiento de la reglamentación en materia de prevención; análisis de riesgos (carga física, irritación y alergia, ruido, legionelosis); medidas preventivas
Prevent Focus, Sep. 2006, No.7, p.12-14. Illus. 2 ref.
El aula de clase cuchicheante
Das flüsternde Klassenzimmer [en alemán]
Se han medido los tiempos de reverberación en 230 aulas de 30 escuelas alemanas, y los valores obtenidos se han comparado con los tiempos de reverberación recomendados por la norma alemana DIN 18041. Una tercera parte de las aulas presentaban malas condiciones acústicas. Se ha desarrollado un método, poco costoso, destinado a limitar el nivel sonoro en las aulas ruidosas. Con el fin de reducir los tiempos de reverberación del ruido de baja frecuencia, se recubrieron los techos con paneles de espuma de melamina de 45mm de espesor (espuma acústica), y en las paredes se colocaron paneles de absorción de ruido. Estos dispositivos, fáciles de instalar, se probaron con éxito en ocho aulas. Para una más amplia información sobre este método, consultar www.fluesterndesklassenzimmer.de
Inform, das Magazin der Unfallkasse Hessen, June 2006, No.2, p.8-9. Illus.
http://www.ukh.de/uploads/media/inform_02_2006_03.pdf [en alemán]
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