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  • Surface treatment

1974

CIS 74-1331 Cohen S.R., Maier A.A., Flesch J.P.
Occupational health case report No.3 - Ethyl acrylate.
A report of an investigation carried out by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) at the request of an authorised representative of employees concerning exposure to dust of an emulsion containing ethyl acrylate polymer at a facility manufacturing synthetic textile products. It was concluded that this dust cannot be considered inert because of its acidic character and that exposure to it at the concentrations prevailing in the plant in question constitutes a hazard. The institution of engineering improvements to control overspray and a good programme of general housekeeping would significantly reduce the hazard.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Mar. 1974, Vol.16, No.3, p.199-200.

1973

CIS 75-86 Csanâdy Z., Kiss R.
Ventilation of chemical plant - New method for the exact calculation of rim exhaust from surface treatment vats
Entlüften von Chemieanlagen - Neues exaktes Verfahren zum Bemessen der Randabsaugung von Behandlungsbädern [en alemán]
The proposed formula takes into account the following factors: surface area of vat, environment, location of rim exhaust vents, air turbulence due to arrival of fresh air, heat given off from the vat and toxicity of vapours. The basic principles involved, influence of the vat temperature and required rate of exhaustion are described. Examples of calculation.
Technische Rundschau, 12 June 1973, Vol.66, No.25, p.9-13. Illus.

CIS 74-1987 Landa K., Fejfušová J., Nedomlelová R.
Hazards of organotin compounds used as fungicides in industry
Riziko organických sloučenin cínu použivaných jako fungicidní prostředky při některých aplikacích v průmyslu [en checo]
Describes a case of nasal mucosa irritation and damage in a woman spraying latex paint containing trialkyl tin compounds (bis(tri-n-butyltin) oxide). The concentrations measured were below 0.05mg/m3 air, but the conditions under which the measurements were carried out were atypical. In view of the development of organotin paints, a maximum allowable concentration must be set for Czechoslovakia (the East German value is 0.1mg/m3); it is also important to lay down conditions governing the use of these substances and to develop appropriate methods for their determination.
Pracovní lékařství, Oct. 1973, Vol.25, No.9, p.391-394. 6 ref.

CIS 74-1899 Bašus V.
Causes of recirculation of contaminated air in spray booths
Příčiny recirkulace kontaminovaného vzduchu ve stříkacích kabinách [en checo]
From the results of tests on models, the reasons for abnormalities in air circulation and for the increase in concentrations of harmful substances in the working area of spray booths with ceiling ventilation are given; the flow of the air supplied through the ceiling narrows towards the centre of the booth; the vitiated air circulates along the walls, forming a turbulent zone in the breathing area. This phenomenon is due to pressure conditions in the vicinity of the air inlets as well as to convection currents forming on the wall surfaces, which have a higher temerature than that of the air in the booth. To overcome this situation, the fresh-air flow must be divided into several streams so that the walls have a fresh-air flow sweeping over them; the velocity of the air supply should also be increased. A detailed description is given of several specific cases, with appropriate solutions.
Pracovní lékařství, Oct. 1973, Vol.25, No.9, p.381-386. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 74-1849 Painting under canvas
Peinture sous toile. [en francés]
Disadvantages and limitations of folding canvas painting booths, the use of which is becoming more widespread on account of their low cost and convenient use. However, these booths do not seem to comply with the requirements of the decree of 23 Aug. 1947 respecting the protection of spray painters and varnishers. The article describes various booths and gives the results of smoke tests carried out on a 15 x 6m booth. The findings cover: ventilation; maintenance of canvas walls, lighting, heating, fireproofing and means of egress.
Travail et sécurité, Oct. 1973, No.10, p.480-481. Illus.

CIS 74-1556 Painting - Directives concerning measures against health hazards during painting of buildings
Malearbejde - Anvisninger om foranstaltninger mod sundhedsfare ved bygningsmaling [en danés]
Tabular presentation of hygiene measures for building painters working outdoors and indoors, subject to different ventilation conditions and with varied painting tools, paints, solvents, etc. Definitions (workplace conditions, personal protective equipment to be worn, classification of paint components according to their health hazards) are followed by directives for planning safety and hygiene measures before starting the work.
Publikation nr.41, Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for Arbejdstilsynet), Upsalagade 20, 2100 Křbenhavn Ř, Denmark, 1973. 52p. Gratis.

CIS 74-1740 Bridge painting.
The hazards involved in bridge painting vary according to the type and size of bridge, the amount and type of traffic over the bridge (rail, motor vehicle or both) and whether or not the bridge must be opened for the passage of ships. The more prevalent hazards include falls; excessive heat or cold; injuries from traffic; eye injury from chipping, scraping and brushing; drowning. The sheet describes some of the equipment which must be used and suggests precautions to be taken. Sections are devoted to: principal hazards; lead poisoning; electric shock; scaffolds and ladders; precautions; selection and training; medical examinations.
Data Sheet 296, Revision A (extensive), National Safety Council, 425 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA, 1973. 4p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: US-$0.50.

CIS 74-1638 Hara N., Homma K.
A study of generating conditions and the sampling method of cyanides in the atmospheric air.
Atmospheric cyanide concentrations were determined in various kinds of plating workshops. The atmospheric cyanide concentration is related to the pH of the plating solution: the concentration of cyanide decreased as the solution became more alkaline. The sampling method is discussed.
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, May 1973, Vol.15, No.3, p.245-249. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 74-1314 Radojičić B.
Determination of thiocyanates in the urine of workers exposed to cyanides
Određivanje rodanida u mokraći u radnika izloženih cijanidima [en serbocroata]
A short literature review of the metabolism of cyanides is followed by the results of a study conducted in an electroplating and a cyanide hardening shop. Cyanide concentrations in the workplace atmosphere are compared with the thiocyanate levels found in the workers' urine. A substantial difference in the arithmetic means of the urinary thiocyanate levels in the exposed workers and in a control group shows that the determination of urinary thiocyanate excretion is a valuable cyanide exposure test. Electroplating workers seemed to be more exposed to cyanides than hardening-shop workers.
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 1973, Vol.24, No.3, p.227-232. 10 ref.

CIS 74-1309 Jindřichová J., Medek V., Boštík V., Eminger S.
The hazards of chronic lead poisoning in coating electric resistors with a lead-base enamel
Riziko olova při stříkání elektrických odporů olovnatými smalty [en checo]
Study of the lead poisoning hazard in a workshop where workers were engaged in enamelling electric resistors by spraying with a product containing 13 to 43% PbO. Over a 10-year period (1961-1971) various preventive measures (especially improved ventilation) have made it possible to reduce the concentration of Pb in the atmosphere to a level near to the threshold limit value (0.05 mg Pb/m3), despite a 5-fold increase in production. The authors were able, on the basis of experiments carried out with a decinormal solution of HCl, to establish the solubility in the gastric juice of Pb originating in the enamels.
Pracovní lékařství, June 1973, Vol.25, No.6, p.238-242. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 74-947 Petrenko L.T., Korjukaev Ju.S.
Accident prevention during painting and insulating work in shipbuilding
Tehnika bezopasnosti pri okrasočnyh i izoljacionnyh rabotah v sudostroenii [en ruso]
Subjects dealt with include: main properties and toxicology of pigments, fillers, coating materials, plasticisers, hardeners, solvents, dilutants, finishes, paints, enamels, primers, putties, insulating materials, glues, etc.; safe working methods for the preparation of surfaces, mixing of coating materials, painting and insulating work; technical and hygiene requirements to be met by painting and insulating shops (heating, ventilation, lighting, fire protection); personal protective equipment, personal hygiene and first aid in case of acute poisoning; organisation of occupational safety and health services.
Izdatel'stvo "Sudostroenie", ulica Gogolja 8, 191065 Leningrad, USSR, 1973. 180p. Illus. 47 ref. Price: Rbl.0.79.

CIS 74-624 Delsaut.
Occupational diseases due to use of paints and solvents on large-size equipment (rolling stock, containers, etc.)
Les maladies professionnelles engendrées par l'utilisation des peintures et solvants sur les grands ensembles (wagons, conteneurs, etc.). [en francés]
This paper, presented at the Regional Joint Technical Committee for the Metal Trades (Comité technique régional de la métallurgie), is the result of an in-plant survey carried out in several undertakings specialising in the construction of railway rolling stock (goods cars and passenger coaches), the painting of which gives rise to health hazards by inhalation, ingestion or cutaneous absorption of gases containing pigments or solvents. The principal hazard is that of benzene. A description is given of techniques and products used in painting these carriages, etc., and the characteristics of the fans to be used for each type of installation (painting shops, tunnels or gantries). Collective and individual protective measures (dimensions of the installation, ventilation, exhaust ventilation, drying, etc.).
Regional Sickness Insurance Fund for Northern France (Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France), 11 boulevard Vauban, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 17 Oct. 1973. 16p. Illus. Gratis.

CIS 74-805 Watson M.R.
Pollution control in metal finishing.
Data from U.S. government sources relevant to the major processes available for treating waste products in the metal finishing industry are presented and explained by examples from 49 U.S. patents. Topics dealth with include: current practices in small electroplating plants; characteristics, economic aspects and treatment of metal-finishing wastewaters (chemical, physical and other methods); in-plant control measures; removal from water of acids, alkalis, metals, cyanides, fluorides, paint, etc.; foundry waste treatment; treatment of pickling liquors; air pollution problems and control connected with electroplating, surface coating and paint baking. Future trends are outlined.
Pollution technology review No.5, Noyes Data Corporation, Mill Road at Grand Avenue, Park Ridge, New Jersey 07656, USA, 1973. 295p. Illus. 224 ref. Price: US-$36.00.

CIS 74-570 Burke P.J., Conolly W.B.
Paint gun injection injury of the hand: a surgical emergency.
High-pressure injection injury to the hand involving grease, fuel or paint requires urgent surgery if amputation is to be avoided. A case of paint injection injury of a finger is described and the principles of management are outlined. The case described illustrates that people with access to airless spray guns are often unaware of the potential danger. No safety devices or warnings accompanied the equipment in this case.
Medical Journal of Australia, 11 Aug. 1973, Vol.2, No.6, p.276-278. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 74-222 Gorson R.O., Lieberman J.L.
The prohibition of the use of asbestos spray in building construction.
An account of a 2-year investigation which led to the coming into effect, on 18 July 1971, of the Philadelphia Board of Health Regulation prohibiting the use of asbestos spraying in building construction. This is the first regulation of its kind in the USA.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Mar. 1973, Vol.15, No.3, p.260-261. 2 ref.

CIS 74-214 Nemeček J., Grandjean E.
Occupational physiology and safety in galvanising
Arbeitsphysiologische und sicherheitstechnische Analyse der Arbeit an Zinkbädern [en alemán]
An analysis of anthropometric data and the various postures adopted around galvanisation vats was conducted with the following findings: work around vats not fitted with railings is hazardous; raised edges do not eliminate the hazard of falling. A railing 105 cm high is the only effective protection; it also provides support for both arms and tools.
Zeitschrift für Präventivmedizin - Revue de médecine préventive, May-June 1973, Vol.18, No.3, p.131-133. Illus.

CIS 74-155 Schüttmann W., Ullmann W.
Hepatic effects of cellulose paint thinners
Die Leberwirksamkeit von Nitrolackverdünnern [en alemán]
The authors examined 56 persons exposed to cellulose paint thinners in a machinery painting undertaking. Concentrations of thinners measured in the workplace were several times the corresponding TLVs. Clinical examinations and laboratory analyses revealed in several cases mild or moderately severe pathological symptoms. However, the authors observed only a few isolated cases of obvious liver damage, including one case of moderately severe diffuse fatty degeneration of the liver, which is described. The findings point to the conclusion that cellulose paint thinners should be considered as mildly hepatotoxic substances and classified accordingly for occupational health purposes.
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, Mar. 1973, Vol.19, No.3, p.189-193. 12 ref.#< Vol.19, No.3, p.189-193. 12 ref.

CIS 74-119 Illiev I., Rukov B.
Study of the effectiveness of four-sided slot exhausts on electroplating vats
Izsledvane efektivnostta na okolovrăstni bordovi smukateli za galvanični vani [en búlgaro]
Dangerous vapours emanating from electroplating baths are generally eliminated by local exhaust systems. Practical studies showed that the volume of air to be exhausted can be considerably reduced by using 4-sided slot exhausts and lip exhausts, instead of double-sided slot exhausts of the ordinary type. 4-sided lip-type exhausts offer enough practical advantages and economy to compensate for their more sophisticated installation and the loss in bath surface. The studies carried out also confirmed that the visual method of evaluating the elimination of air pollutants by local exhaust is as efficient as the method which consists in carrying out chemical tests.
Dokladi ot naučnata sesija po promišlena ventilacija i borba s praha, Ministerstvo n narodnoto zdrave, Sofia, Bulgaria, 1971, p.164-174. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 74-53 Electrostatic paint spraying and detearing.
A review of the hazards involved in electrostatic paint spraying and detearing. Typical manual and automatic methods and equipment are discussed, as are exposure and safe practices (fire prevention, electrical and mechanical safety, etc.).
Data Sheet 468, Revision A (extensive), National Safety Council, 425 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA, 1973. 5p. Illus. 2 ref. Price: US-$0.50.

1972

CIS 93-362 Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electrolytic Chromium Process) Regulations [Hong Kong]
Regulations effective 1 Sep. 1972 and issued under the authority of the 1955 Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance (see CIS 89-6). They provide for safe working conditions where electrolytic chromium processes take place, namely: floors of every place where there is an electrolytic bath to be rendered even and impervious to water; installation of effective mechanical exhaust systems; provision, storage and drying of protective clothing; provision of towels and soap to workers; warning notices. Employees are required to use appliances appropriately and to wear protective clothing.
Government Printer, Hong Kong, 1991. 2p. Price: HKD 10.00.

CIS 74-741 Gomes E.R.
Incidence of chromium-induced lesions among electroplating workers in Brazil.
A survey was carried out among workers in Sao Paulo, exposed to chromic acid in its hot and cold states. Within a group of 303 electroplaters in the State of Sao Paulo, 86.8% showed lesions due to chromic acid either in solution or vapour form. The threshold limit value of 0.10 mg of CrO3/m3 was exceeded in the majority of undertakings using hot chrome baths. Collective protective equipment when installed and individual protective equipment when provided were not used routinely because of lack of sanitary education not only of the workers, but also of the industrialists.
Industrial Medicine and Surgery, Dec. 1972, Vol.41, No.12, p.21-25. 15 ref.

CIS 74-217 Schäcke G., Essing H.G., Valentin H.
Occupational diseases in electroplating
Berufskrankheiten in der Galvanotechnik [en alemán]
The article deals primarily with diseases occurring in the electroplating industry due to the use of hydrocyanic acid, cyanides and cyanic compounds, cadmium and its compounds, chromium and its compounds, mercury and its compounds, ammonia, nitric acid, solvents and nickel and its compounds. The major hazards are considered and the symptoms of poisoning produced by these compounds are outlined.
Sichere Arbeit, Oct. 1972, Vol.25, No.3, p.14-17. 5 ref.

CIS 72-2206 Düngemann H., Borelli S., Wittmann J.
Copper and cadmium contact eczema in welders, polishers, electroplaters and similar workers
Über Kupfer- und Kadmium-Kontaktekzeme bei Schweissern, Schleifern, Galvaniseuren und ähnlichen Berufsgruppen [en alemán]
A review of previous systematic studies (see CIS 64-975) is followed by a report on the skin testing of 256 metalworkers, with particular reference to cadmium sensitization. Clinical findings and medical histories in 9 positive reactions to cadmium sulfate are described, and 5 positive reactions to copper sulfate are analysed. Sensitization is due primarily to exposure to dust and, in the case of cadmium, to contact with cadmium metal or cadmium-containing liquids. Cadmium and copper should form part of the skin test battery whenever metal allergy is suspected. Potential exposure areas in industry are tabulated.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Arbeitshygiene, Apr. 1972, Vol.7, No.4, p.85-93. 42 ref.

CIS 72-2206 Düngemann H., Borelli S., Wittmann J.
Copper and cadmium contact eczema in welders, polishers, electroplaters and similar workers
Über Kupfer- und Kadmium-Kontaktekzeme bei Schweissern, Schleifern, Galvaniseuren und ähnlichen Berufsgruppen [en alemán]
A review of previous systematic studies (see CIS 64-975) is followed by a report on the skin testing of 256 metalworkers, with particular reference to cadmium sensitization. Clinical findings and medical histories in 9 positive reactions to cadmium sulfate are described, and 5 positive reactions to copper sulfate are analysed. Sensitization is due primarily to exposure to dust and, in the case of cadmium, to contact with cadmium metal or cadmium-containing liquids. Cadmium and copper should form part of the skin test battery whenever metal allergy is suspected. Potential exposure areas in industry are tabulated.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Arbeitshygiene, Apr. 1972, Vol.7, No.4, p.85-93. 42 ref.

CIS 72-2534 El-Dakhakhny A.A., El-Sadik Y.M.
Lead in hair among exposed workers
67 workers employed in lead and tin can factories were examined medically and biochemically. Lead concentrations were determined in blood, urine and hair, and a correlation was found between levels of lead in hair and the biochemical and medical findings. A lead in hair of more than 30µg/g is a sign of excessive lead exposure.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1972, Vol.33, No.1, p.31-34. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 72-2095 First aid for electroplating accidents
Erste Hilfe bei Unfällen in der Galvanotechnik [en alemán]
Essential first-aid instructions for electroplating workers, covering the effects of acids, bases, ammonia, arsenic, gasoline, halogenated hydrocarbons, cyanides, chlorine, nitrogen oxides, oxalic acid, hydrofluoric acid, lead salts, mercury compounds and copper sulfate. Advice for the physician is found in certain cases.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften, Langwartweg 103, 53 Bonn 1, Federal Republic of Germany, 1972. 15p.

CIS 72-2485 Voigtsberger P., Matzkuhn G.
Safety study of paint drying ovens
Sicherheitstechnische Untersuchungen an Lacktrockenanlagen [en alemán]
It is stated that solvent vapour concentration in drying ovens must be kept below 0.8% by volume, by means of air dilution, and the theoretical principles for chamber and continuous furnaces are considered. Theoretical considerations are given on accident prevention in varnish-impregnation drying and in direct-heat drying plants with a high solvent flow level (approx. 200kg/h); methods of reducing waste-gas solvent concentrations are considered.
Die Berufsgenossenschaft, Apr. 1972, No.4, p.134-137. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 72-2808 Krieg H., Ludwig G.
Safety in the surface treatment of metals
Arbeitsschutz bei der Oberflächenbehandlung von Metallen [en alemán]
Sections are devoted to: hazards of surface treatment and their prevention (grinding, abrasive blasting, chemical and electrolytic processes, solvents, ultra-sound, bases and pickling agents); hazards in the application of organic coatings and their prevention (spray painting, electrostatic and electrophoretic painting, general and local exhaust ventilation); hazards in the application of metallic surface finishes (metallising, hot-dip galvanising, Sherardising, electroplating); the relevant legislation in the German Democratic Republic is indicated.
Verlag Tribüne, Am Treptower Park 28-30, DDR-1193 Berlin, 1972. 91p. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 72-2754 Explosion protection in electrostatic coating
Explosionsschutz in der elektrostatischen Verfahrenstechnik [en alemán]
Explosion prevention in electrostatic painting, spraying and powder coating is achieved by primary protection (adequate ventilation) backed up by secondary protection (usually intrinsic safety). Ignition at the spray nozzle is discussed, and safety measures related to current paths and workpieces are indicatd (earthing, selection of suitable current for spray unit to ensure intrinsic safety).
Industrie-Elektrik und Elektronik, May 1972, Vol.17, No.10, p.240-241.

CIS 73-315 Tinard M.
Safety in the application of waterproof coatings and screeds
La prévention dans l'exécution des revętements et chapes d'étanchéité [en francés]
The author reviews the various hazards involved in the application of waterproof coatings and screeds and their relationship to the size of the work site: burns, falls on the level or from a height, hazards due to products containing aromatic hydrocarbons, etc. The author indicates personal protective measures (use of gloves tied at the wrists, and eye protection when loading the boiler; use of safety belts and life-lines, and footwear with non-slip soles; protection against benzene poisoning) and group protective measures (installation of guard rails and safety nets; use of suitable lifting equipment; safety measures for the tar boiler). The most effective method of accident prevention is to integrate safety measures into the progress of the construction work.
Prévention et sécurité du travail, 2nd quarter 1972, No.92, p.27-38. Illus.

CIS 73-559 Environmental problems associated with the manufacture and use of coated materials
8 papers presented at a Conference organised by the British Occupational Hygiene Society (Swansea, 14-15 September 1971). Individual subjects treated include: the control of solvent emission from solvent vapour cleaning plants; chromium plating; some environmental problems of the metal spraying processes; paints and painted surfaces; the danger of lead in paints; metal coating in heavy engineering; epoxy resins in surface coatings; environmental problems in the production of printed circuits. (For the complete proceedings of this Congress, see CIS 73-373).
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Apr. 1972, Vol.15, No.1, p.83-155. Illus.

CIS 73-495 Hestermann G.
Safety in powder coating
Sicherheitstechnik bei der Pulverbeschichtung [en alemán]
Powder coating presents an explosion hazard due to the flammability of fine plastics particles (particle sizes 0.5-60µm) when suspended in air. This is a danger which can never be completely eliminated in a powder coating plant and, consequently, adequate safety can be obtained only by precautions which minimise the violence and effects of any explosion that might occur. The technical and safety differences between powder coating and wet painting installations are discussed and the dangers of stirring up deposited dust are presented. Health hazards (air supplied hood), fire and explosion hazards and sources of hazard are discussed and safety measures are indicated: earthing of workpiece, explosion venting, flame traps, automatic flame detectors and CO2 extinguishing systems, cleanliness and good housekeeping.
Industrie-Lackier-Betrieb, Sep. 1972, Vol.40, No.9, p.357-363. Illus.

CIS 73-529 Murphy R.L.H.
Effects of low concentrations of asbestos - Clinical, environmental, radiologic and epidemiologic observations in shipyard pipe coverers and controls
101 pipe coverers engaged in new ship construction and 94 controls matched for age, duration of employment and smoking habits were surveyed as regards environmental exposure to asbestos dust, respiratory function, clinical and radiological findings, and other diseases. Dust exposure had been near the threshold limit value of 175p/cm3. Asbestosis was found to be 11 times more common among pipe coverers than among controls; it was found first after 13 years' exposure, and its prevalence was 38% after 20. The study emphasises that low concentrations of asbestos can lead to pulmonary fibrosis and suggests that the threshold limit value should be lowered.
New England Journal of Medicine, 2 Dec. 1971, Vol.285, No.23, p.1271-1278. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 73-943 General galvanizing: A manual of safety [United Kingdom]
This revised version of "A manual of good housekeeping and safety", first published in 1958, is a general industrial safety manual for use in the galvanising industry. The 6 chapters deal generally with: the problem of safety (considers the problem of human behaviour in relation to industrial accidents); the importance of good housekeeping; safety organisation; safety equipment (the provision of safety apparatus, protective clothing, good working environment and staff welfare and medical facilities); safety and the law (discusses common law in relation to factories and the United Kingdom Factories Acts 1961 relating to health and general safety provisions).
Galvanizers Association, 34 Berkeley Square, London W1X 6AJ, United Kingdom, 1972. 41p.

CIS 73-1314 Murphy R.L.H.
Low exposure to asbestos - Gas exchange in ship pipe coverers and controls
Presentation and discussion of the results of a survey conducted on a group of 84 pipe coverers in a shipyard and 2 control groups to explore the usefulness of tests of respiratory gas exchange in assessing the spectrum of pulmonary asbestosis. Pipe coverers had significantly reduced vital capacity as well as single breath and exercise steady-state diffusing capacity. Asbestos exposure varied from 1 to 30 years and had been monitored. The correlations between various physiological tests are discussed. Since asbestosis can occur at low dust exposure levels (which are increasingly common), its early detection is obviously important.
Archives of Environmental Health, Oct. 1972, Vol.25, No.4, p.253-264. Illus. 41 ref.

CIS 73-1102 Reitze W.B.
Application of sprayed inorganic fiber containing asbestos: Occupational health hazards
Mineral fibre materials containing asbestos are used extensively in the construction and shipbuilding industries for fireproofing, thermal insulation, acoustical insulation and condensation control, in various compositions. Spraying is associated with serious health hazards, both from direct and indirect exposure. Asbestos fibre concentrations may range from 30 to more than 100 fibres/cm3. Control measures in the application of sprayed, asbestos-containing fibres are discussed; emphasis is laid on adequate training and education programmes directed to the workers themselves.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1972, Vol.33, No.3, p.178-191. Illus. 16 ref.

1971

CIS 72-2092
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Data sheet on electrostatic powder coating
Merkblatt für elektrostatisches Pulverbeschichten [en alemán]
Rules for the layout of electrostatic powder coating installations, for the electrical equipment of spray guns and for the use of stationary and portable spray-coating equipment.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-31, 5000 Köln, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1971. 8p. Price: DM.0.45.

CIS 72-2390 Préstamo A.
La seguridad en una línea de galvanizado
A review of the safety measures taken at the design stage of a continuous Sendzimir galvanising line which the author divides into 3 sections for the sake of convenience: infeed section, production section and delivery section. Description of the hazards involved in each section (high temperatures, noise, chromic acid vapours, falling objects, etc.). Simple safety measures are described for 5 types of work station: in-feed operator and assistant, galvanising bath operator and assistant, stacker operator, guillotine operator, and looper and coiler operator.
Seguridad, Oct.-Dec. 1971, No.43, p.11-13. Illus.

CIS 72-1658 Escribano N.
Aportación al estudio de la prevención de riesgos en pinturas
A description of paint composition and manufacture is followed by a discussion of safety measures for the process of painting from paint purchase to drying. Individual sections are devoted to: information to be obtained from supplier; paint classification; classification of jobs; application techniques; flameproof lighting; personal protective equipment; work organisation; environmental contamination; measures after painting.
Comisión de seguridad en la industria siderometalúrgica, Avenida José Cueto 40, Avilés, Spain, 1971. 18p. Illus.

CIS 73-1073
Department of Labour
Spray Painting Regulations, 1971 [Australia - Western Australia]
These regulations lay down provisions concerning the following aspects of work in factories in which spray painting is carried out: provision of suitable spray booths or cubicles; provision of exhaust fans or other suitable apparatus; the use of heating or preheating devices for paint; use of respiratory protective equipment, overalls and head coverings; provision of washing facilities; the wearing of protective equipment; washing before leaving work; and smoking, eating or drinking at the workplace.
Government Gazette of Western Australia, 26 May 1971, No.40, p.1800-1802.

1966

CIS 92-1062 Ordinance on the prevention of accidents and occupational diseases during paint spraying operations (of 5 Apr. 1966) [Switzerland]
Verordnung über die Verhütung von Unfällen und Berufskrankheiten beim Spritzen von Farben oder Lacken [en alemán]
Ordinanza concernente la prevenzione degli infortuni e delle malattie professionali nella verniciatura a spruzzo [en italiano]
Ordonnance relative ŕ la prévention des accidents et des maladies professionnelles lors de travaux de peinture par pulvérisation au pistolet (du 5 avr. 1966) [Suisse] [en francés]
Contents of this Ordinance (effective 1 May 1966): scope and definitions; general safety measures; particular measures (painting workshops; spray painting in the construction industry; spray painting in the open air or in large enclosed spaces; short-term spray painting; spray painting in storage tanks; ventilation and air cleaning; electrostatic coating). In annex: illustrated examples of safe working procedures involving spray painting.
SUVA, Sektion Administration, Postfach 4358, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1966. 14p. Illus.
http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/8/832.314.12.de.pdf [en alemán]
http://www.admin.ch/ch/i/rs/8/832.314.12.it.pdf [en italiano]
http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/8/832.314.12.fr.pdf [en francés]

1961

CIS 93-1419 Law No.706 of 19 July 1961 concerning the use of white lead in painting [Italy]
L. 19.7.1961, n.706 - Impiego della biacca nella pittura [en italiano]
This law prohibits in general the use in painting and varnishing of lead carbonate (white lead), lead sulfate and other pigments containing these substances. However, white paints with less than 2% Pb content may be used. Further provisions allow some derogations, but the employment of women and minors in the presence of lead carbonate is always prohibited, and special measures are foreseen for the labelling, handling and spraying of these substances, for their use in varnishing, for the provision of work clothes and personal protective equipment, and for the reporting of cases of lead poisoning and for medical surveillance.
In: Zucchetti R., Igiene del lavoro e prevenzione delle malattie professionali, Buffetti Editore, Via Sud Africa 29, 00144 Roma, Italy, 1987 (ISBN 88-19-48201-0, price: ITL 60,000), p.337-340. Also in: Gazzetta ufficiale, 9 Aug. 1961, No.197.

1949

CIS 92-1084 Ordinance on measures aimed at the prevention of accidents in construction work involving mobile-platform suspended scaffolds used during plastering, painting etc. (of 27 May 1949) [Switzerland]
Verordnung über die Verhütung von Unfällen bei Hochbauarbeiten unter Verwendung von Hängegerüsten mit beweglicher Plattform für Verputz-, Malerarbeiten usw. [en alemán]
Ordinanza concernente le misure da prendere per prevenire gli infortuni nell'edilizia in caso d'impiego di ponti sospesi a piattaforma mobile per lavori di intonacatura, pittura, ecc. [en italiano]
Ordonnance concernant les mesures ŕ prendre pour prévenir les accidents dans les travaux du bâtiment en cas d'emploi d'échafaudages suspendus ŕ plate-forme mobile pour travaux de crépissage, peinture, etc. (du 27 mai 1949) [Suisse] [en francés]
This ordinance (effective 1 June 1949) concerns the dimensions and other specifications of mobile-platform suspended scaffolds used in the construction industry.
SUVA, Sektion Administration, Postfach 4358, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1949. 6p. Illus.

1921

CIS 89-1765 Convenio 13 relativo al empleo de la cerusa en la pintura [OIT]
Convention 13 concerning the use of white lead in painting [ILO] [en inglés]
Convention 13 concernant l'emploi de la céruse dans la peinture [OIT] [en francés]
One of the first international instruments ever adopted in the field of occupational safety and health. The use of white lead and lead sulfate, and all products containing these pigments, in the internal painting of buildings is, except for derogations, prohibited. Even when permitted, minors and women are not allowed to do any painting work with these substances. The Convention also prescribes safety and hygiene rules to be applied when working with these substances.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 1921. 4p.
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convde.pl?C013 (Convention 13) [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convdf.pl?C013 (Convention 13) [en francés]
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convds.pl?C013 (Convenio 13) [en espańol]

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