Safety programmes - 433 entradas encontradas
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Accident prevention in small industries
Occupational safety and health should be given top priority in order to prevent accidents and occupational diseases. Preventive measures should focus on the harmful effects of poor environmental conditions. Responsibilities of the employers in this respect include provision of a workplace free from recognised hazards, ensuring worksites conform to applicable standards, warning employees of potential hazards and ensuring employees follow safety and health requirements. A hazard analysis is a first requirement in minimising or reducing hazards. Dangers from machinery include mechanical hazards due to moving parts and less obvious hazards such as emission of radiation, noise and vibration and ergonomic defects. Machinery should be equipped with appropriate safeguards. Managers, supervisors and workers should be trained in safe working practices. The principles of ergonomics should be applied in all areas.
East African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 31 Dec. 1988, No.3, p.8-13. Illus.
5 S's for safety and productivity
5-so. Phya khwamplodphai le' phonplid [en tailandés]
Illustrated booklet presenting an adaptation of the Japanese "5 S" programme for promoting workplace safety through good housekeeping. The name refers to the 5 principles of the programme: sa'sang (putting in order), saduag (convenient arrangement), sa'aad (cleanliness), suglagsana (tidiness) and sangnisai (developing good habits).
National Institute for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment, Phra Pinklao-Nakorn Chaisri Highway, Taling Chan, Bangkok 10170, Thailand, 1988. 28p. Illus.
Proposed national strategies for the prevention of leading work-related diseases and injuries - Part 2
This volume addresses proposed US strategies for the prevention of disorders of reproduction, neurotoxic disorders, noise-induced hearing loss, dermatological conditions and psychological disorders. A section on each disorder looks at the background to the problem and provides an assessment of its scope. Types of occupational hazards are discussed together with a description of the work-related disorders reported. Proposed prevention strategies include a definition of research needs, both in the laboratory and in terms of surveillance and epidemiology, public information and education and adequate dissemination of information, implementation of appropriate prevention and control programmes.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1988. 120p. Bibl.
The International Safety Rating System
The International Safety Rating System originated when studies of organisations which were performing best in the safety field revealed certain characteristics common to the management systems employed. These features included visible management involvement with site visits, comprehensive job analysis procedures, safety training at all levels, structured inspections and follow-ups. The current system is available at 3 levels, basic, standard and advanced, and in 7 versions applicable to general industry, the hospitality industry, onshore and offshore drilling, marine, mining and petrochemicals. The advanced system comprises 20 elements, each broken down into a number of questions. The audit system is an evaluation technique incorporating a system of "five star" recognition for top performance. This article includes a brief summary of each of the 20 elements and outlines the advantages of the system. This new approach to the safety function is said to be consistent with the "total quality management" concept now becoming a feature in today's industry.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Apr. 1988, No.80, p.23-28.
Gow H.B.F., Kay R.W.
Commission of the European Communities
Emergency planning for industrial hazards
Proceedings of the European Conference on Emergency Planning for Industrial Hazards, held in Varese (Italy), 4-6 Nov. 1987, and organised by the Commission of the European Communities at which experts from a number of countries, and particularly from within the EC, exchanged information on existing systems of emergency planning. Special attention is given to areas where difficulties still persist such as predicting the consequences of an accident, the complexities of communication problems and the difficulties arising from involvement of the public. The proceedings are divided into six parts: organisations implementing emergency planning; on- and off-site emergency planning and design; techniques for emergency plans; exercises and auditing of emergency plans; lessons learnt from the emergency management of major accidents; information to the public before and during emergencies. In the appendix: list of conference participants.
Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd., Crown House, Linton Road, Barking, Essex IG11 8JU, United Kingdom, 1988. 387p. Bibl. Illus. Index.
Safety for a semiconductor fabrication facility
Handōtai-seizō-kōjō ni okeru anzentaisaku-shisutemu [en japonés]
There are some potential hazards in semiconductor fabrication facilities including health hazards and risks of fire, explosion, air pollution and water pollution. A gaseous or liquid chemical substance may leak from a pipe, a vessel or other process equipment or an unpredictable chemical reaction may occur in an exhaust equipment, such as a duct or a waste gas scrubber. Fail-safe process equipment, hazard detectors and protective equipment are necessary for safety. A cabinet for cylinders of toxic or combustible gas is an example. It is installed with gas flow monitors, automatic cylinder-valve-closers, gas leakage detectors, exhaust ducts, fire detectors and automatic fire extinguishers. In case of emergency, the cylinder valve will be automatically closed and, simultaneously, alarms will go off in the process room and the control room of the facility. Operators must operate equipment in ways that prevent accidents and decrease hazards. A computer-controlled safety system is useful and increases the reliability of the operator who must correctly operate emergency procedures at critical stages.
Air Cleaning - Kūki Seijō, Oct. 1988, Vol.26, No.3, p.14-33. Illus. 35 ref.
FUE Occupational Health and Safety Programme
Self instructional materials in 3 parts: 1 - Safety management; 2 - Hazard inspection; 3 - Documenting a safety procedure. A rich selection of exercises, check lists and illustrative diagrams accompany the text.
Federated Union of Employers (FUE), 84-86 Lower Baggot Street, Dublin 2, Ireland, 1988. 3 Self Instructional Guides + 1 Trainers' Manual. Price (without VAT) - for Guides: IEP 145.00 (FUE members), IEP 215.00 (non-members); for Trainers' Manual: IEP 45.00 (members), IEP 65.00 (non-members).
Safety at construction sites through coordinators
Sicherheit am Bau durch Koordination [en alemán]
The accident risk on construction sites is enhanced by the presence of various different firms. In the Federal Republic of Germany the appointment of a safety coordinator is required by law. His tasks pertain to equipment, traffic, first-aid, occupational hygiene, power supply, lighting, telecommunications, scaffolds, dangerous and hazardous substances and personal protective measures on the construction site.
Sicherheitsingenieur, 1988, Vol.19, No.5, p.20-22, 24-25. Illus.
American Institute of Chemical Engineers; National Response Team (USA)
1988 Hazardous material spills conference
Sessions of this Conference (Chicago, Illinois, USA, 16-19 May 1988) dealt with: prevention standards (government regulations; roles of government, companies and unions), planning (state emergency response commissions; planning at the substate regional level; planning in Sweden; evacuation), case histories, release prevention programmes, management practices and human factors, hazard analysis, cleanup operations, hazard evaluation and risk assessment, training (requirements at the state and federal levels), organisation, release modelling, exercises, communication, design of vehicles, information management, alternative technology, release prevention practice and technology, right-to-know, safety, computer applications, risk communication, disposal techniques.
American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, May 1988. 853p. Illus. Bibl.
Altmeyer H., Laturell M.
The importance of safety programmes for improving occupational safety
Die Bedeutung von Sicherheitsprogrammen für die Verbesserung der Arbeitssicherheit [en alemán]
Safety improvement efforts by the central maintenance division of the Saarbergwerke AG (Federal Republic of Germany) included: (1) determination of the causes and the location of past accidents in the company; (2) evaluation of employee recommendations for improving safety; (3) identifying necessary safety measures; (4) informing employees of new safety measures; (5) checking the effect of safety programmes. The importance of actively involving shop stewards and employees at all stages is stressed.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Jan. 1988, Vol.19, No.1, p.28-33. Illus.
External safety policy in the Netherlands: An approach to risk management
A description is given of the use of risk management by the Dutch government in their external safety policy. This risk management scheme comprises: risk identification, risk quantification, risk assessment, risk reduction and risk control. For the process of risk assessment, quantitative criteria for both individual risk and group risk have been developed. Legislation emerging from this policy is completed or in preparation. As an example are the administrative orders emerging from the so-called "LPG-nota". The latter is a policy statement of the Dutch government based on a probabilistic risk assessment of the whole chain of LPG-handling activities, from import to retail trade.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Feb. 1988, Vol.17, No.2, p.215-222. Illus. 10 ref.
Effective personal protective equipment programs - Their role and implementation
This report covers: the role (planning a protection strategy, use of personal protective equipment (PPE); the implementation (designing a PPE programme, promotional strategy); programme elements (workplace survey, equipment selection, fitting and wearing, maintenance, training, support, programme auditing); PPE categories; programme check list.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, Feb. 1988. 16p. Illus.
Nakamura M., Ishikawa K.
Neatness and orderliness in the workplace
Illustrated booklet using cartoons to teach workplace safety through good housekeeping. It is the basis for the Thai publication abstracted under CIS 90-1832.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1 Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108, Japan, 1987. 15p. Illus.
Elements of a safety programme
Training guide to the development of safety programmes, covering safety policies, management participation, safety officers and committees, safety rules, employee interest in safety, accident investigation and statistics, supervisory training, employee education, safety surveys, fire safety, medical services, research activities and relevant legislation. Carefully chosen examples are used to illustrate the various elements of safety programmes.
South Australian Department of Labour and Industry, G.P.O. Box 465, Adelaide 5001, Australia, rev. ed., 1977. 22p. Illus.
Basic elements of occupational safety and health organization
Discussed are the elements for successful safety and health programmes: management leadership; assignment of authority; maintenance of safe and healthy working conditions; establishment of safety and health training; accident record and data collection systems; health, medical and first aid systems; acceptance of personal accountability by employees.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1987. 11p.
Successful accident prevention programmes - Proceedings from a workshop of XIth Congress on the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases
This workshop was one of the special sessions during the XIth World Congress on the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases, held in Stockholm, Sweden, in May 1987. The presentations focused on two essential issues in accident prevention: knowledge and motivation. Knowledge about accident risks at a company is the basis for accident prevention activities but action also requires motivation for safety. There were 4 presentations on how to obtain and use knowledge to improve safety and 4 on how to increase safety motivation. The report contains the opening speeches, all the papers presented and the concluding remarks from the workshop.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1987. 61p. Illus. 22 ref.
Cyster R., Macklin D., McEwen J.
Alcohol policies - A guide to action at work
Practical handbook for senior management, personnel staff and others involved in the introduction of workplace programmes and policies on alcohol. Contents: the effects of alcohol; the impact of alcohol on society; risk factors in employment; preparing for a policy; preparation of the policy statement; prevention; training; information note on identifying guidelines for the interviewing of an alcoholic employee; resources needed for an effective programme; communicating the policy to employees; legal implciations. The appendix contains a list of useful addresses in the United Kingdom and a list of videotapes and training manuals that can be used in training programmes.
Industrial Society, Peter Runge House, 3 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5DG, United Kingdom, 1987. 46p. Illus. 26 ref. Price: GBP 3.75.
SHIP: The Seafarers Health Improvement Program
The Seafarers Health Improvement Program (SHIP) was initiated in 1978 by the United States Public Health Service to improve the health status of seafarers, their health environment, medical care and safety aboard ship, and communication between parties responsible for the health and safety of American Seafarers. The programme is a collaborative effort of representatives of the maritime industry, physicians, and concerned governmental agencies. Principal achievements of SHIP include establishment of Entry Level Standards and Retention Guidelines for seafarers, development of the Seafarer Emergency Medical Training Program, and initiation of a programme making medical records available on board.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, June 1987, Vol.29, No.6, p.531-534. 13 ref.
Controlling hazardous substances at the work place
An award-winning survey of the subject, covering: design of strategies; operation (maintenance, workplace exposure, housekeeping, supervision); control strategy (environmental and health monitoring); waste management; role of management in the enterprise.
Safety Practitioner, Jan. 1987, Vol.5, No.1, p.4-7. 7 ref.
This is a summary of the talks given during a seminar held in London, United Kingdom, in November 1986. Discussed were: legal requirements, accident potential investigation, emergency planning, information to the public; contingency planning, periodic reappraisal, feasibility of emergency plans, exercises or rehearsals, and rehabilitation. The conclusions covered the role of risk management in an enterprise. A disaster planning package is described which shows a series of disasters and concentrates on the lessons to be learned from role play exercises.
Occupational Safety and Health, Mar. 1987, Vol.17, No.3, p.8-14. Illus. no ref.
Hendrick K., Benner L.
Investigating accidents with STEP
Chapters of this book cover: a new approach to accident investigation, STEP (Sequential Timed Events Plotting) procedures (the changing work of accident investigation, thinking about accidents and their investigation, concepts for investigation); conducting a STEP investigation (starting accident investigation tasks, field investigation procedures, acquiring accident data, completing field investigation tasks); achieving 90% safety improvement (learning from accidents, developing safety recommendations, preparing recommendations for action, producing investigation reports); the organisational environment of accident investigation (support for accident action programmes, the accident action programme, planning and investigation, investigation afflictions and antidotes).
Marcel Dekker Journals, Inc., 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, USA, 1987. Vol.13, 480p. Illus. Bibl.
Dawson S., Poynter P., Stevens D.
How to secure an effective health and safety program at work
Safety and health programmes were studied to develop a general framework for analysing self regulation in the efforts to decrease accidents and diseases. Discussed are: the control of hazards (elimination, containment, mitigation); organisational context of hazard control (strategies and resources); technical controls (identification of need, control standards, implementation of the control standards, maintenance and updating the standards and processes); motivation (information to personnel; objectives, culture and atmosphere in the enterprise, responsibility and authority; mechanisms of accountability and performance measurement). A checklist of questions on programme effectiveness is given.
Professional Safety, Jan. 1987, Vol.32, No.1, p.32-41. Illus. 11 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Safe erection of structures: 1 - Initial planning and design; 2 - Site management and procedures; 3 - Working places and access; 4 - Legislation and training
This is a series of Guidance Notes dealing with the safe erection of structures. It is part of the Health and Safety Executive's response to public comments and the Construction Industry Advisory Committee's advice to the Health and Safety Commission following publication of the report "Safety in steel erection" (see CIS 80-841). These Guidance Notes provide advice on safety aspects such as initial planning and design to aid safe erection of structures, erection procedures, site management, working places, access and egress, legal requirements.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1984 (1), 1985 (2), 1986 (3-4). 8p. (1), 19p. (2), 18p. (3), 16p. (4). Illus. Bibl. Price codes: GBP AB (1), AE (2,3), AD (4).
Conseil supérieur de la prévention des risques professionnels
Activities of the National Council
Activités du Conseil supérieur [en francés]
Part I of this survey covers by subject the activities of the French National Council for the Prevention of Occupational Risks during 1986 (the purpose and the nature of the relevant legislative texts and the corresponding action are outlined for each topic): committees of health, safety and working conditions; dangerous substances; physical environment; occupational diseases; health; machine safety; electricity; occupational medicine; construction; various. Part II is concerned with the current status of the work carried out by each Commission of the Council.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de l'emploi, Direction des relations du travail, 1 place de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris, France, 1986. 23p.
Conseil supérieur de la prévention des risques professionnels
Construction and civil engineering - how the three-year programme is progressing
Bâtiments et travaux publics - point sur le programme triennal [en francés]
Report on the activities carried out within the framework of the three-year safety programme undertaken in the French construction and civil engineering industries. Contents: presentation of the priority action programme; statistical data; detailed analysis of accident report forms (falls, construction site organisation); priority activities (coordination at the regional level, safety training, monitoring of the implementation of regulations); construction sites retained for sampling of detailed safety data; integration of safety considerations in overall construction site activity (safety training included in professional training, installation of safety equipment, studies involving the prevention of falls through roofs made of fragile materials).
Ministère des affaires sociales et de l'emploi, Direction des relations du travail, 1 place de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris, France, 1986. 20p.
Conseil supérieur de la prévention des risques professionnels
Dangerous machinery: Aspects of legislation
Machines dangereuses - aspects de la réglementation [en francés]
Survey of the current state of the implementation of French legislation concerning dangerous machinery. Contents: accidents caused by machinery and equipment; general discussion of regulations in force (evolution and current application of legislation); scope of legislation; technical rules and the problems caused by them; monitoring and control; developments in France and the European Communities.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de l'emploi, Direction des relations du travail, 1 place de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris, France, 1986. 27p. Illus.
Conseil supérieur de la prévention des risques professionnels
Safety training: The current situation
Formation à la sécurité - éléments de réflexion [en francés]
Survey of French legislation concerning safety training, and an anlysis of the results of their implementation. Part I: Training of personnel representatives on committees of health, safety and working conditions (CHSCT) in enterprises with fewer and those with more than 300 employees; current situation; statistical data; organisation of training; training programmes. Part II: Safety training: practical training adapted to the needs of each profession; role of representative workers' organisations and of occupational medicine; safety training, an obligation that is sometimes complex.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de l'emploi, Direction des relations du travail, 1 place de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris, France, 1986. 19p.
Conseil supérieur de la prévention des risques professionnels
Statistical data and analysis
Eléments statistiques [en francés]
Contents: occupational accidents (general trends, trends by industry and causal agent); recognised occupational diseases; financing of OSH activities in France; occupational medicine; presentation of studies concerning the 1982 law on committees of occupational safety, health and working conditions; labour inspection; OSH personnel of regional insurance funds; report of the Working Conditions Improvement Fund.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de l'emploi, Direction des relations du travail, 1 place de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris, France, 1986. 47p. Illus.
Report XXII: The integration of prevention of occupational risks in the planning and management of the enterprise
Report by the Permanent Committee on Prevention of Occupational Risks adopted by the XXIInd General Assembly of the ISSA (Montreal, 2-12 Sep. 1986). Discussed are: management development and policies; leadership and planning; risk management; implementation.
International Social Security Association, General Secretariat, Case postale 1, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1986. 14p. Annex.
Fundamentals of a successful health and safety program
This publication is for the training and information of management personnel within the General Electric Company. It contains the general principles of safety and health policies practiced by the company, and covers: roles and responsibilities; hazard identification and control; training and communications; maintenance of a healthy and safe working environment; health services within the enterprise; evaluation of occupational accidents and diseases; legislative provisions; workers' compensation.
PEO Distribution Services, General Electric Company, 705 Corporation Park, Scotia, NY 12302, USA, 1986. 10p.
More efficient accident prevention - Proceedings of a Nordic seminar in Korpilampi, Finland, May 12-13, 1986
Effektivering av olycksfallsbekämpning - Rapport från nordiskt seminarium i Korpilampi, Finland den 12-13 maj 1986 [en sueco]
Practical experiments carried out in the different Nordic countries concerning accident prevention measures were presented at this seminar. The experiments included new and/or better accident investigation methods, safety information systems, behaviour modification techniques, personal protective equipment implementation and plant safety organisation.
Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 1986. 153p. Illus. 27 ref.
English-language version of a videotape illustrating, through examples from both high- and low-technology industries, that effective safety programmes are cost effective.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1986. Videotape (VHS, PAL). 12min.
Seven-language audio-visual on accident prevention
Twelve-minute slide tape programme covering: rules for safe working practices; safety equipment; correct lifting techniques. Available with audio-tapes in English and 6 languages common among immigrant workers in Australia.
Australian Productivity Council, Western Australia Technology Centre, Technology Park, 2 Brodie-Hall Drive, Bentley, Western Australia 6102, Australia, 1986.
A basic occupational health and safety program
This publication was written to assist small businesses in Canada with the development of health and safety programmes (now legally required in most Canadian jurisdictions). Programme elements included: individual responsibility, joint health and safety committees, health and safety rules, correct work procedures, employee orientation, training, inspections, accident reporting and investigation, emergency procedures, medical and first aid, health and safety promotion, programme implementation and auditing.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1986. 14p. 18 ref.
Safety aspects in the design of chemical plants
The following aspects of chemical plant design in a developing country (India) are covered: process design, hazards, process control, plant operation, plant layout, statistical concepts, some case studies.
Industrial Safety Chronicle, Apr.-June 1986, Vol.17, No.1, p.20-28.
United Nations Environment Programme
Employers and the environmental challenge
This publication is based on the background documents and reports of the ILO/UNEP Regional Meetings of Employers' Organisations on Environment and Development (Bangkok, March 1984 and Nairobi, Oct. 1984). Topics covered: industrialisation and its environmental impact, environmental law and the enterprise, public participation in environmental decisions (a role for employers' organisations), aims and activities of PIACT (International Programme for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment), occupational safety and health and productivity, welfare facilities for workers, plans of future action by employers' and international organisations. Annexes cover case studies from Japan, India and Kenya, and an extract from the Occupational Safety and Health Convention of the ILO (1981, No.155).
International Labour Office, ILO Publications, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1986. 101p. Price: SF.17.50.
Institutional issues affecting the transport of hazardous materials in the United States: Anticipating strategic management needs
The transportation of hazardous materials occurs in the context of a complex and dynamic institutional environment. This environment comprises the attention and actions of a diverse cast of characters, ranging from the transport industry itself to self-appointed overseers of hazardous materials transport (HMT). In addition to concerns over protection of public health and the environment, institutional issues include discussions of the appropriate division of political authority and responsibility, trust in diverse political authorities, and financial liability and the provision of sufficient emergency response capabilities in the event of transport accidents. Changes in the institutional environment may be anticipated as the volume of HMT increases, as communications among institutional actors increase, and these actors become increasingly specialised and professionalised. Planning for such changes may profit from a consideration of alternative institutional management strategies emphasising different degrees of openness among affected institutions.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 1986, Vol.13, No.3, p.257-277. 49 ref.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
How to prepare for workplace emergencies
This guidance booklet details the basic steps needed for the preparation of plans to implement in the case of emergencies (toxic gas release, chemical spills, fires, explosions, personal injury) in small businesses without OSH professionals. Aspects covered: planning; chains of command; communications; accounting for personnel; Emergency Response Teams; training; personal protection; medical assistance; security; list of documents giving OSHA requirements; information and consultation services by public and private agencies; State OSH plans; free on-site consultation; OSHA area office services; additional sources of information.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1985. 12p. 9 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
The Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1984 (CIMAH): Further guidance on emergency plans
The Control of Industrial Major Hazards Regulations 1984 (CIMAH) require on-site emergency arrangements to be made for certain potentially hazardous industrial activities which use dangerous substances. HSE Guidance Booklet HS(R) 21 gives advice on HSE's interpretation of the regulations and on how they will be enforced. This further guidance gives more details on how to prepare an emergency plan. Content: general; rehearsals and training; hazardous events (flammable release, toxic release); on-site emergency plans (key personnel, responsibilities of the incident controller and the site main controller, emergency control centre, initiation, action site, check list for manufactures); off-site emergency plan (setting up the plan, initiation). In the appendices: list of HSE area offices.
HMSO Publication Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1985. 14p. 24 ref. Price: GBP 3.00.
Selling safety in the workplace means more than "how to" training
Practical methods and programmes for creating a safe workplace are suggested: showing management interest, setting achievable goals in reasonable time frames, recognising goal attainment, using peer pressure, and providing acceptable incentives.
Occupational Health and Safety, 1985, Vol.54, No.8, p.54-56.
Rajhans G.S., Blackwell D.S.L.
Practical guide to respirator usage in industry
This book details the elements of a total respiratory protection programme to be used in industry, in particular to comply with US standards. Contents: respiratory hazards and their evaluation; respirator types and their limitations; criteria for the selection and fitting of respiratory equipment; administration and training; maintenance and care; medical supervision; criteria for a respiratory protection programme; case studies of specific industrial applications; research needs.
Butterworth Publishers, 80 Montvale Ave., Stoneham, MA 02180, USA, and Borough Green, Sevenoaks, Kent TN15 8PQ, United Kingdom, 1985. 161p. Illus. Bibl. Index. Price: GBP 36.00.
Managing safety in the construction industry
Overview of safety management on the construction site, including a table presenting a site safety assessment scheme, and 10 points to be followed by management in order to achieve full health and safety accountability.
Safety Practitioner, Nov. 1985, Vol.3, No.11, p.4-8. Illus.
A minimum safety programme: a practical guide to the basic requirements for a Safety Programme
This practical guide outlines the basic features of an effective safety programme in enterprises, particularly in small businesses with 50 employees or less. Aspects covered include the allocation of responsibilities (the Senior Manager having the major responsibility), the establishment of Health and Safety Committees, the introduction of a safety inspection system and a hazard correction system, the planning of adequate first aid facilities, informing employees of their safety responsibilities, information on worker's compensation, control of potentially harmful substances and the keeping of statistics.
Safety Concepts Pty. Ltd., 1st Floor, 28 Grose Street, North Parramatta, NSW 2151, Australia, 1985. 20p. Illus. Price: Aus$4.00.
Rosenthal F.S., Paull J.M.
The quality of respirator programs: An analysis from OSHA compliance data
This analysis of compliance with OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.184 (respiratory protection) was focused on 47,000 health inspections conducted between 1976 and 1982. During this period, approximately 27% of inspections in which respirator programmes were evaluated, resulted in a citation for a specific programme deficiency. Of inspected worksites where respirators were used to provide protection from concentrations of air contaminants in excess of OSHA permissible exposure limits, 56% had deficiencies in at least one programme area.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Dec. 1985, Vol.46, No.12, p.709-715. Illus. Appendix. 12 ref.
Guide to safe handling of compressed gases
Contents of this manual: introduction; hazardous characteristics of compressed gases; the compressed gas cylinder; cylinder handling; designing and operating a compressed gas system safely; a safety programme for compressed gas handling; electronics industry gases, medical gases, radioactive gases and cryogenic liquids. Appendixes include data sheets on 49 gases.
Matheson Publications, P.O. Box 87, Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604, USA, 1985. 323p. Illus. Bibl.
Toxic substance storage tank containment
This manual provides basic guidelines on which a toxic substance storage tank containment assurance and safety programme can be based. It includes guidelines for maintenance, inspection and emergency procedures, as well as references to appropriate standards and codes. Contents: objectives, scope and application of a containment assurance programme; chemical compatibility; storage system design elements; corrosion control; tank inspection and maintenance; personnel health, safety and training; spill control and prevention; codes applicable to storage tanks; use and interpretation of technical codes; conclusions and recommendations. Tables list representative chemicals, their compatibilities with each other and with structural materials, and countermeasures against hazards.
Ecology and Environment, Inc.; Whitman, Requardt and Associates, Noyes Data Corporation, Mill Road at Grand Ave., Park Ridge, NJ 07656, USA, 1985. 274p. Illus. Bibl.
Management guide to loss control
Le guide du contrôle des pertes à l'intention de la direction [en francés]
Management training guide to loss control. Contents: history and philosophy; causes and effects of downgrading incidents (incidents that decrease the efficiency of a business); incident investigation; planned inspections; proper job analysis and procedures; planned job observation; group communications; personal communications; job pride development (sickness, physical or mental handicap, fatigue, drug taking, alcoholism); environmental health in industry (air pollutants or contaminants, skin irritants, noise, extreme temperatures, illumination, radiation, ventilation); fire loss control; incident recall techniques; family protection.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, Ontario, 2 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3N8, Canada, 1984. 243p. + course instruction and examination kit. Illus. 48 ref. Also available in French.
Readings in safety management
Eighteen articles are reprinted concerning: economic aspects of safety management; communication with top management; safety programmes; measuring safety performance; motivation of employees; safety policies; and conflict recognition and control.
American Society of Safety Engineers, 850 Busse Highway, Park Ridge, IL 60068, USA, 1984. 84p. Illus. Bibl.
This book is intended to present clearly and simply what a supervisor must do to achieve safety in his area of responsibility. It analyses the supervisor's job as a whole, safety aspects of the supervisor's role, key safety tasks (investigating accidents, identifying hazards, coaching and motivating workers), ways of dealing with people and practical safety techniques. Appendices give outlines for a supervisory self-appraisal, a management action program and a supervisory training program.
Aloray Inc., 1004 Grand Boulevard, Deer Park, NY 11729, USA, 1984. 261p. Illus. Index. Price: US$19.50.
Symposium on "Responsible action for health at work - OHS"
Proceedings of a symposium on occupational health services and training, held in Tiruchirapalli, India (6-8 Feb. 1984), as part of a joint Government of India - UNDP - ILO project. Coverage: concepts and practice of occupational health care; the role of insurance schemes; working women; large undertakings; small undertakings and underserved populations; OSH technology; the need for occupational health services; rehabilitation programmes; role of medico-social work; health information system; OSH: the physiologist point of view; a tie between employer and worker; problems in implementation; training and education; monitoring the work environment; responsible action for health at work.
Model Centre for Occupational Health Services, Bhel, Tiruchirapalli 620014, India, 1984. 60p.
Nuyts R., Maggiani G., Mertens E., Bernard J., Jardinet L., Sterckx P.
Annual action plan
Le plan annuel d'action [en francés]
The first article recapitulates Belgian legislation on annual action plans designed to promote safety and health in enterprises, which the heads of safety departments must elaborate for the following year. The second article presents an actual action plan. The opinions of the manager of an enterprise and those of labour union representatives from various unions are also aired.
Promosafe, Sep. 1984, Vol.11, No.79, p.3-8. Illus., and Oct. 1984, Vol.11, No.80, p.15-22. Illus.
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