Safety programmes - 433 entradas encontradas
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Guide to inspecting workplace
This guide consists of a series of checklists for workplace inspections involving the following activities and exposures: chemicals and harmful substances; electricity; manual tasks; slips and trips; working at heights; forklifts; new and young workers; machinery and plant; machinery guarding; noise; emergency procedures; violence and aggression; working alone.
Commission for occupational safety and health, 1260 Hay Street, PO Box 294, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia, no date. PDF document, 21p.
http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/WorkSafe/PDF/Hazard_identification/priority_area_checklist.pdf [en inglés]
Murray W., White J., Ison S.
Work-related road safety: A case study of Roche Australia
This paper describes a successful, on-going real-world case study of an Australian company car fleet that has effectively managed, monitored and improved its road safety performance over the last four years through a range of proactive, fleet manager, insurance and risk-led initiatives. The case describes the four key initiatives that have been successfully implemented by the company, with support from their fleet insurance and risk management partners: driver risk assessment, monitoring and improvement programme for all existing and new employees; policy development, review and enhancement; communications programme; on-going review and refinement of policies, processes and programmes.
Safety Science, 2011, 9p. Illus. 30 ref.
Work-related_road_safety.pdf [en inglés]
Safety management in different high-risk domains - All the same?
The aim of this article is to discuss what different high-risk industries can learn from each other and what limits for generalizing safety management methods within and across industries exist. After presenting core components of safety management, attributes crucial to any organization's functioning are described, which also affect the way safety management systems should be designed, run and assessed. By discussing safety management in the context of these attributes, contingencies are outlined that can help decision-makers in companies tailor safety management to their own situation and support regulators in drawing up and evaluating safety management requirements for different industries while also promoting learning between different high-risk domains. Standards and procedures, safety training, incident reporting and investigation, and safety culture are taken as examples to illustrate why and how different aspects of organizational functioning should be taken into account when designing and evaluating safety management systems or elements thereof.
Safety Science, 2011, 10p. Illus. 60 ref.
Safety_management.pdf [en inglés]
Temporary workers and the McBride safety policy
Travailleurs intérimaires et politique de sécurité chez McBride [en francés]
Presentation of the safety and health programme adopted by a Belgian manufacturer of cleaning and personal care products, aimed at temporary workers, in particular young workers and students.
Prevent Focus, Apr. 2011, p.7-9. Illus.
DeArmond S., Smith A.E., Wilson C.L., Chen P.Y., Cigularov K.P.
Individual safety performance in the construction industry: Development and validation of two short scales
The objective of this study was to develop a short measure of safety performance for use in the construction industry, and to explore the relationships between different components of safety performance and safety outcomes (occupational injuries and work-related pain) within the construction context. It was conducted by means of two field studies. In the first, comprehensive measures of safety compliance and safety participation were shortened and modified to be appropriate for use in construction. Evidence of reliability and validity is provided. Both safety compliance and safety participation were negatively related to occupational injuries, yet these two correlations were not statistically different. In the second study, relationships between these two components of safety performance and work-related pain frequency were investigated. Safety compliance had a stronger negative relationship with pain than safety participation. Implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, May 2011, Vol.43, No.3, p.948-954. 42 ref.
Kim T.G., Kang Y.S., Lee H.W.
A study on industrial accident rate forecasting and program development of estimated zero accident time in Korea
This article reviews the social and technical change of the business environment after the launch of the "zero accident campaign" through quantitative time series analysis methods. These methods include sum of squared errors (SSE), regression analysis method (RAM), exponential smoothing method (ESM), double exponential smoothing method (DESM), auto-regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model, and the proposed analytic function method (AFM). The programme was developed to estimate the accident rate, time to reach zero accidents and achievement probability of an efficient industrial environment.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2011, Vol.49, No.1, p.56-62. Illus. 11 ref.
A_study_on_industrial_accident.pdf [en inglés]
Lesiones y muertes ocupacionales por caídas
Occupational injuries and fatalities due to falls [en inglés]
An estimated 15.9 million people worked in the manufacturing sector in the United States during 2008, which accounted for approximately 10.9% of the employed workforce. In 2008, 411 manufacturing sector workers died from occupational injuries, of which 58 from falls, which comprised the third most important cause of occupational accident mortality after equipment and transport. Aimed at employers in manufacturing industries, this leaflet outlines the strategic goals of a partnership programme between NIOSH and participating enterprises aimed at identifying the most critical workplace issues related to fall accidents.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, 2010. PDF document. 2p. Illus. 4 ref.
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2010-143.pdf [en inglés]
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2010-143.pdf [en español]
Special feature: Enterprises and road transport
Dossier: entreprises et transport routier [en francés]
Contents of this collection of articles on occupational hazards due to commuting and driving at work: accidents on the way to work; safety and health initiatives implemented by a Belgian road transport enterprise; ergonomic guidance for entering and exiting automobiles or trucks; safe stowage of machinery on road transport vehicles; defensive driving programme implemented by the Belgian subsidiary of a parcel delivery enterprise; vehicle safety and ergonomics objectives of Belgian telecommunications enterprise; presentation of the European PRAISE project (Preventing Road Accidents for the Safety of Employees); awareness programme of the Belgian institute for the safety of road traffic.
Prevent Focus, Nov. 2010, p.4-25. Illus.
Use the positive power of reporting near-miss to prevent fatalities
A near-miss is an unplanned event that did not result in an injury, ill-health or damage, but had the potential to do so. Only a fortunate break in the chain of events prevented the loss from occurring. Analyzing near-misses can reveal key information for the prevention of accidents, but requires a formal reporting and investigation programme. This paper discusses the use of near-misses as a tool for preventing future accidents. Contents: definition of a near-miss; why near-miss reporting and investigation is important; what can be achieved by effectively managing near-misses; what should be done to manage a simple near-miss programme.
Industrial Safety Chronicle, 2nd quarter 2010, Vol.XLI, p. 36-43. Illus. 8 ref.
Extension of process safety performance indicators to occupational health and safety management
Based on the findings of the accident investigation report following a major explosion in a Texas refinery in 2005, this paper discusses the characteristics of process safety performance indicators and proposes their extension to occupational safety and health management.
Industrial Safety Chronicle, 2nd quarter 2010, Vol.XLI, p. 22-24. 6 ref.
Baril-Gingras G., Bellemare M., Poulin P., Ross J.
Conditions and process of change during outside OHS interventions: Development of tools for practitioners
Conditions et processus de changement lors d'interventions externes en SST - Elaboration d'outils pour les praticiens [en francés]
A model explaining preventive OHS interventions, developed during a previous study, identified various aspects that help to explain the adoption of changes in the workplace, following external prevention interventions. Several of these aspects are social and organizational, rather than technical. Practitioners develop practical knowledge that is still not widely integrated into the training of OHS professionals, and hence the interest in providing external practitioners with the tools for analyzing these aspects of the interventions. Four tools were created in collaboration with a group of practitioners from joint sector-based associations and occupational health teams from the public network: a log book, a tool for analyzing the intervention context, a roadmap and an intervention assessment tool. These tools support prevention organizations and external OHS practitioners in decisions to improve the effectiveness of the interventions. They can also be used to fulfil the need for knowledge transfer between experienced practitioners and their colleagues. Six appendices published separately accompany the report: presentation of the tools; logbook guide; context analysis guide; roadmap guide; assessment guide tool; repository.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2010. xi, 123p. 82 ref. Price: CAD 11.55. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
R-647.pdf [en francés]
Annexe_A1.pdf [en francés]
Annexe_A2.pdf [en francés]
Annexe_A3.pdf [en francés]
Annexe_A4.pdf [en francés]
Annexe_A5.pdf [en francés]
Annexe_A6.pdf [en francés]
Nielsen K., Randall R., Holten A.L., González E.R.
Conducting organizational-level occupational health interventions: What works?
This article provides an overview of prominent European methods that describe systematic approaches to improving employee health and well-being through the alteration of the way in which work is designed, organized and managed. Comparative analyses reveal that these methods all consist of a five-phase process and that they share a number of core elements within these phases. These methods are reviewed in the light of current research in order to support their appropriateness in conducting organizational-level occupational health interventions. Areas requiring additional research are proposed.
Work and Stress, 3rd quarter 2010, Vol.24, No.3, p.234-259. Illus. 95 ref.
Nielsen K., Toon T.W., Cox T.
The future of organizational interventions: Addressing the challenges of today's organizations
This article discusses issues to be considered to improve the effectiveness of organizational interventions. First, there is a need to understand how and why interventions work. This calls for an examination of the processes connecting interventions to the desired outcomes. Second, attention should be paid to the appropriateness of interventions. Problems may be difficult to address, for example when they constitute inherent conditions of the job. Third, the use of a quasi-experimental study design does not guarantee a valid picture of the effectiveness of an intervention. For example, control groups may not be comparable to the experimental group, or participants may not be reached by the intervention. Based on these considerations, it is concluded that mixed methods designs are needed.
Work and Stress, 3rd quarter 2010, Vol.24, No.3, p.219-233. 65 ref.
Prevention through design: Plan for the National Initiative
In 2008, 5071 workers died in the United States from occupational injuries, 3.7 million suffered serious injuries and 187,400 became ill from work-related exposures. The estimated annual direct and indirect costs of occupational injury, disease, and death range from USD 128 billion to USD 155 billion. While the underlying causes vary, a recent study implicates design in 37% of job-related fatalities. Thus, to protect lives and livelihoods, stakeholders across all industrial sectors of the economy need a comprehensive collaborative programme for addressing worker safety and heath issues by eliminating hazards and minimizing risks to workers throughout the life cycle of work premises, tools, equipment, machinery, substances, and work processes, including their construction, manufacture, use, maintenance, and ultimate disposal or re-use. This document explains the rationale of prevention through design, and presents the programme mission and the programme goals with respect to research, education, practice and policy, together with the specific aspects relevant to small businesses.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Nov. 2010. Internet document, PDF format, v, 44p. Illus. 32 ref.
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2011-121.pdf [en inglés]
Sas K., eds.
Safe maintenance in practice
Maintenance is not only necessary to ensure reliability of technical structures or productivity of the company, but regular maintenance has an important role in providing safer and healthier working conditions. While maintenance is absolutely essential to keep equipment, machines and the work environment safe and reliable and prevent harm, the maintenance work itself is a high-risk activity. This report provides information on successful initiatives in the workplace illustrating how safety and health risks associated with maintenance can be managed. Many companies, insurers and authorities have successfully developed solutions to improve safety and health during maintenance. The new approaches presented in this report demonstrate clearly that good occupational safety and health management practices are at the heart of reliable and safe maintenance.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 102p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: EUR 15.00 (excluding VAT). Downloadable version free of charge.
Safe_maintenance_in_practice.pdf [en inglés]
Sauni R., Virtema P., Päkkönen R., Toppila E., Pyykkö I., Uitti J.
Quality of life (EQ-5D) and hand-arm vibration syndrome
The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life of a population of Finnish metalworkers who were exposed to hand-arm vibration (HAV) and who suffered from white fingers, tingling or numbness of the fingers, musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremities or symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). A questionnaire on vibration exposure in the workplace and symptoms relating to the upper extremities was sent to a sample of 530 members of the local Metalworkers Union. Among those reporting vibration-induced white fingers (VWF), numbness or tingling of the fingers, or symptoms of CTS, 131 men participated in clinical examinations. Their cumulative lifelong exposure to HAV was evaluated, and the health-related quality of life was assessed using EuroQoL(EQ)-5D. There was an inverse relationship between the EQ-5D index score and cumulative exposure to HAV: as exposure to HAV increased, the quality of life became more impaired. The results of the study suggest that symptoms related to HAV exposure significantly diminish the quality of life.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2010, Vol.83, No.2, p.209-216. 23 ref.
Nold A., Bochmann F.
Examples of evidence-based approaches in accident prevention
The term "evidence" is most widely used in legal and scientific contexts in the sense of information that would tend to establish a fact. The evidence-based practices used in medicine are now being applied in other fields, including occupational safety and health (OSH). In Germany, several projects have been implemented relying on the evidence-based model, resulting in reduced accident levels. This article reviews evidence-based approaches in OSH and illustrates them with two examples: safety devices reducing needle-stick injuries among health professionals and a preventive training programme reducing occupational injuries in the metal and glass industries.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1044-1049. Illus. 27 ref.
Hale A.R., Guldenmund F.W., van Loenhout P.L.C.H., Oh J.I.H.
Evaluating safety management and culture interventions to improve safety: Effective intervention strategies
The Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment provided funding over the period 2004-2008 to a number of companies to introduce changes aimed at reducing accidents by changing their safety culture and aspects of their safety management. As part of the programme, a scientific evaluation was set up to assess the effectiveness of the interventions in 17 of the projects, covering 29 companies. Studies were conducted at the companies before and after the interventions, documenting the state of their safety management, risk control efforts and accident rates before the intervention, the changes made over the study period and the resulting changes in a range of outcome measures. The analysis led to a categorization of the projects according to their degree of success. This article describes the patterns of interventions, distinguishing between successful and not successful projects, and discusses their underlying mechanisms.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1026-1035. Illus. 22 ref.
Caroly S., Coutarel F., Landry A., Mary-Cheray I.
Sustainable MSD prevention: Management for continuous improvement between prevention and production. Ergonomic intervention in two assembly line companies
To increase output and meet customers' needs, companies have turned to various production management systems whose aim is to accelerate decisions, react to environmental issues and to continuously improve production performance. At the same time, regulation and control systems focusing on work-related risks have obliged firms to implement safety and health management systems such as OHSAS 18001. The purpose of this type of system, also based on continuous improvement, is to reduce risks, facilitate work-related activities and identify solutions in terms of equipment and tools. However, the prevention actions introduced through safety and health systems often result in other unexpected and unwanted effects on production. Using the examples of two manufacturing environments, this article discusses how companies can benefit by implementing both types of management system.
Applied Ergonomics, July 2010, Vol.41, No.4, p.591-599. Illus. 34 ref.
Smith D.R., Muto T., Sairenchi T., Ishikawa Y., Sayama S., Yoshida A., Townley-Jones M.
Hospital safety climate, psychosocial risk factors and needlestick injuries in Japan
To investigate the interactions between safety climate, psychosocial issues and needlestick and sharps injuries (NSI), a cross-sectional study was undertaken among nurses at a university teaching hospital in Japan (89% response rate). NSI were correlated with various aspects of hospital safety climate including supporting one another at work, the protection of staff against blood-borne diseases being a high management priority, managers doing their part to protect staff from blood-borne diseases, having unsafe work practices corrected by supervisors, having the opportunity to use safety equipment to protect against blood-borne disease exposures, having an uncluttered work area, and having minimal conflict within their department. This study demonstrated the importance of hospital safety climate in Japanese health care practice, particularly its relationship with NSI.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.85-95. Illus. 78 ref.
Hospital_safety_climate.pdf [en inglés]
Smith D.R., Attia J., McEvoy M.
Exploring new frontiers in occupational epidemiology: The Hunter Community Study (HCS) from Australia
This article describes a pioneering longitudinal investigation known as the Hunter Community Study (HCS), which investigates retired and near-retired persons randomly selected in a regional area on the heavily- populated east coast of Australia. Data collected include clinical and biological measures, as well as the full lifetime occupational history linked to job exposures. Longitudinal cohort studies with exposure assessment, such as the HCS offer epidemiologists a clear opportunity for examining and evaluating the long-term risks of employment across a variety of workplace settings.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.244-248. 47 ref.
Exploring_new_frontiers.pdf [en inglés]
Laitinen H., Päivärinta K.
A new-generation safety contest in the construction industry - A long-term evaluation of a real-life intervention
A new-generation safety campaign has been taking place in southern Finland since 1997. The Finnish Construction Employers' Association, together with trade unions, safety inspectorates and other institutions have been organising a safety contest based on the standardised TR-observation method. Safety inspectors conduct evaluation visits without previous notice to the sites, and best performing companies and sites are rewarded at annually held public seminars. Even though participation was voluntary, more than 70% of the construction sites in the target area participated in the contest, and the results have been successful. A key success factor may be the adoption among firms of a new, standardised safety monitoring method which has been used effectively by senior management teams. The method employs a combination of penalties and incentives in order to set and enforce new safety targets. Another success factor is the close co-operation between the construction industry, labour organisations and safety authorities.
Safety Science, June 2010, Vol.48, No.5, p.680-686. Illus. 6 ref.
Evaluating a safety culture campaign: Some lessons from a Norwegian case
This evaluation of a safety culture campaign in the Norwegian offshore industry focussed on three groups: onshore managers, crane operators and process operators. They were asked during interviews whether the safety culture campaign contributed to new safety cultures related to care, why or why not, and what could be learned from this. The study indicates that two of the groups developed new safety cultures that sensitize them to new hazards, and motivate and legitimize new preventive practices. Lessons that can be learned from the study are discussed.
Safety Science, June 2010, Vol.48, No.5, p.651-659. Illus. 40 ref.
Annual report of JISHA - 2009
This report describes the organization and functions of the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) and reviews activities during the year 2008-2009. These include: development of programmes relating to risk assessment and OSH management systems; ensuring health and promoting comfortable workplace environments; promoting safety and health education; expansion of the zero-accident campaign; provision of safety and health technical services; international cooperation; assistance to small and medium-size enterprises; safety and health publications; research and surveys; events and campaigns; Japan bioassay research centre.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2010. 43p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_JISHA_2009.pdf [en inglés]
"Ban the risk!" - The new campaign for traffic safety
"Risiko raus!" - Die neue Kampagne zur Verkehrssicherheit [en alemán]
Germany counts approximately 230,000 occupational accidents due to in-plant transport per year of which 150 are fatal. There are a further approximately 23,000 road accidents, during work of which 200 are fatal. 110,000 commuting accidents were reported in 2007, in which almost 500 workers lost their lives. A campaign for the prevention of in-plant and traffic accidents has therefore been set up by the German regulatory accident insurance institution, including a website where enterprises can find the information needed to develop an action programme.
Jan-Feb. 2010, Vol.1, No.1/2, p.12-13. Illus.
Arphorn S., Chaonasuan P., Pruktharathikul V., Singhakajen V., Chaikittiporn C.
A program for Thai rubber tappers to improve the cost of occupational health and safety
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an occupational safety and health programme among rubber tappers involving training on self-care in order to reduce and prevent work-related accidents, injuries and illnesses. Data on costs for healthcare, prevention and treatment of work-related accidents, injuries and illnesses were collected among 49 rubber tappers by means of interviewer-administered questionnaires. It was found that after the implementation of the programme, there were significant reductions in the proportion of the injured subjects, the level of pain and treatment costs. The programme significantly raised health awareness among the tappers and in the community.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.275-282. 9 ref.
Bestratén Belloví M.
Integración de la prevención y desarrollo de competencias
This information note on safety and health integration and development of competency presents a model of management by competencies based on a classification of the competencies for a specific job and of the professional development, enabling the evaluation of the needs for training as well as the selection of personnel. This approach results in improved safety performance and innovation capacity of the enterprise.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 10p. Illus. 5 ref.
Integración_de_la_prevención_y_desarrollo_de_competencias [en español]
La prevención de accidentes en trabajadores inmigrantes: aspectos a considerar y pautas de intervención
In Spain, the proportion of immigrant workers within the active population has considerably increased during the past ten years. These individuals often have precarious working conditions, which coupled to the language barrier, result in a high rate of accidents. This information note discusses the main preventive aspects to take into account against accidents among this worker population, together with the possible intervention measures (work organization, integration, training and information).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 13 ref.
La_prevención_de_accidentes_en_trabajadores_inmigrantes.pdf [en español]
Borges Cambraia F., Abreu Saurin T., Torres Formoso C.
Identification, analysis and dissemination of information on near misses: A case study in the construction industry
This article proposes guidelines for identifying, analysing and disseminating information on near misses in construction sites. The guidelines were devised and tested within the scope of an occupational safety and health project for construction sites in Brazil. The monitoring of near misses was part of a safety performance measurement system. Among the main results, a dramatic increase in both the number and quality of reports stands out after the workforce was systematically encouraged to report.
Safety Science, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.91-99. Illus. 41 ref.
Buchanan T., Robertson M.
Health and Safety Executive
Lessons learned from the Large Organisations Partnership Pilot (LOPP)
The Large Organisations Partnership Pilot (LOPP) was a joint initiative, launched in October 2005, between the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the Local Authorities Coordinators of Regulatory Services (LG Regulation) to explore how engagement with large organisations having more than 10,000 employees in the United Kingdom with multi-site operations could be improved. The objectives of LOPP were to present a more coherent and coordinated face to large organisations, to secure improvements in safety and health outcomes in the participating organisations and to give participating organisations an early voice in discussions on emerging policy areas such as reward and recognition and alternative penalties. The experience over the three years provides a useful database for drawing practical lessons and determining the factors which influence the establishment of LOPP-style relationships for any future HSE/LA engagement with large organisations.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. iv, 93p. Illus.
RR_686.pdf [en inglés]
Health and Safety Executive
Evaluation of the effectiveness of non-destructive testing screening methods for in-service inspection
A wide range of engineering plant is subject to periodic in-service inspection in order to ensure continued safe and economic operation. The inspections are often performed by traditional NDT methods such as routine ultrasonics, magnetic particle inspection, dye penetrant inspection, visual inspection and radiography. Over recent years a wide range of advanced NDT techniques has evolved. These techniques provide large area screening of a component for significant degradation. Some of the techniques can be rapidly applied, much quicker than a more detailed, conventional inspection. There is a lack of objective information on the capability and limitations of screening techniques which is needed in order to allow judgement on their suitability for a particular application. Information is required on how to select a particular technique, what it can detect and how reliable it is. This report aims to provide an objective source of information on the capability and limitations of screening techniques, together with information on their use to those involved in plant operation and maintenance.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. 177p. Illus. 8 ref.
HSE_Research_Report_659.pdf [en inglés]
Grau Ríos M.
Seguridad y salud en el trabajo en la Unión Europea, 20 años de la Directiva Marco - La presidencia española en 2010
In the context of the Spanish Presidency of the Council in 2010, this article retraces the progress made in occupational safety and health in Spain and in the EU during the last 20 years since the framework provided by Directive 89/391/EEC, and presents the future policy of Spain in this area, in particular the 2007-2012 Strategy, together with the various programmes (PREVEA, STOP) set up for this purpose and the planned amendments and updates to Spanish legislation.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Dec. 2009, No.55, p.12-16. Illus.
Teixidó i Campàs P.
Prevea: Una alianza con la voluntad de mejora
This article presents a programme aimed at improving safety named Prevea, Spanish acronym for "programme for voluntary accident reduction", to which enterprises can sign up, developed by a Spanish insurance institution. It describes the advantages of this programme, which lasts 24 months. A pilot project resulted in a considerable decrease in accident rates among the 15 participating enterprises.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, May 2009, No.52, p.22-32. Illus. 7 ref.
Qun T.F., Kawakami T., eds.
ASEAN-OSHNET - Good occupational safety and health practices 2008/2009
This publication is a compilation of the many good OSH practices in terms of national OSH frameworks, enforcement, outreach, training and research developed in recent years in ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) member countries. These examples were first presented during the ASEAN-OSHNET Workshop on Good OSH Practices in Singapore in February 2009. The ASEAN-OSHNET functions to help member countries achieve better OSH performance. Under the ASEAN-OSHNET Plan of Action, adopted in 2007, all member countries aim to develop a national OSH profile and implement national OSH strategies or programmes by 2012.
ASEAN Occupational Safety and Health Network (ASEAN-OSHNET), Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, P.O.Box 347, Pangkham Road, Vientiane Capital, Lao PRD, 2009. 78p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120410.pdf [en inglés]
Kawakami T., Khai T.T., Kogi K.
Developing the WIND training programme in Asia
This report documents and analyses the course of the development of the WIND training programme in Vietnam and also the efforts of other countries in Asia. It pays particular attention to the usefulness of participatory training methodologies and how much the WIND programme has respected and supported the self-help initiative of local farmers. It will give an insight into participatory approaches for those who plan to apply the WIND programme and also for those who are interested in achieving local developments in a participatory manner. Contents: what is the WIND training programme; learning from the real working lives of local farmers and sugarcane processing workers in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam; birth of the WIND programme; developing the WIND farmer volunteer system; national policy support for the WIND training programme; WIND training programme in Cambodia, Mongolia and Thailand; factors in the success of the WIND training in Vietnam; recommendations for future developments of the WIND programme.
ILO Subregional Office for East Asia, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, P.O. Box 2-349, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 2009. 117p. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120488.pdf [en inglés]
Workplace violence intervention effectiveness: A systematic literature review
This systematic review of literature published since 1992 was carried out to determine the effectiveness of interventions in preventing workplace violence and to suggest specific interventions warranting further research. The health care sector was the topic of 54% of the papers, followed by the retail sector industry with 11% of the papers. A first group of papers discussed in this review evaluates interventions to prevent robbery and violence to workers in the retail sector. A second group of papers is about interventions to prevent violence to health care workers, mostly training in techniques for dealing with combative patients.
Safety Science, Oct. 2009, Vol.47, No.8, p.1049-1055. 58 ref.
Ford N.J., Murphy R.G., Shearn P.A.
Kirklees Better Health at Work project: Final report
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a safety and health project aimed at small enterprises in a region of England. A series of process and outcome tools were developed to measure how the project was delivered, the extent to which it had reached those intended to benefit from its services and which elements were more successful. The report documents the outcomes of the four main components of the project: marketing and promotional activities; telephone help and website providing support and guidance; occupational health advice, delivered to individual workers and/or their employers; occupational safety and health support and advice, delivered on site to SMEs and their employees. The report concludes with a discussion of the implications of the research, giving particular attention to general lessons about the delivery of occupational safety and health support.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. x, 155p. Illus. 41 ref.
RR_670.pdf [en inglés]
Binch S., Healey N., Greaves D., Daniels C., Simpson K.
Health and Safety Executive
Tracking research for HSE's workplace transport programme "struck by" initiative
Persons being hit or run over by workplace vehicles ("struck by" incidents) resulted in 41% of all workplace transport (WPT) incidents in 2004/05 in the United Kingdom. The Health and Safety Executive "struck by" initiative was part of a two-year workplace transport project running from 2006 to 2008, aimed at reducing the number of incidents. The "struck by" initiative consisted of a targeted audit, that involved reviewing transport activities undertaken in the manufacturing sector and parts of the service industries (such as waste disposal). Several large companies were targeted to take part in an audit where their policies and procedures for controlling all workplace transport risks were reviewed against the precautions that were actually observed on site by a HSE inspector. A structured questionnaire was produced to apply this audit technique. The Health and Safety Laboratory then carried out tracking research with ten of those companies that had been visited as part of the initiative, to provide an assessment of the effectiveness of the audits and the actions they had taken since, or as a result of, this intervention. This work is described in this report.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. viii, 48p.
RR641.pdf [en inglés]
Evaluating road-related hazards at the enterprise: Pathways for action
Evaluer le risque routier en entreprise: pistes d'action [en francés]
According to the most recent Belgian statistics which concern the year 2006, there were 20,448 commuting accidents, of which 4% were fatal. In France, several occupational safety specialists addressed the issue and developed tools aimed at better evaluating road-related risks and implementing preventive measures. This article comments these tools in light of the general conditions prevailing in Belgium as well as national legislation.
Prevent Focus, Oct. 2008, p.4-8. Illus.
Occupational safety and health master plan for Malaysia 2015
Contents of this booklet outlining the programme of the Malaysian Department of Occupational Safety and Health until 2015: objectives; current situation; long-term vision for OSH in Malaysia; roles of key stakeholders; building a preventive safety culture; strategies and expected outcomes. For each activity of the programme, a table lists the deliverables, the responsible coordinators and the timeline.
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Human Resources, Level 2, 3 & 4, Block D3, Complex D, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62530 W. P. Putrajaya, Malaysia, ca 2008. 40p. Illus.
OSH_master_plan.pdf [en inglés]
Wicker S., Jung J., Allwinn R., Gottschalk R., Rabenau H.F.
Prevalence and prevention of needlestick injuries among health care workers in a German university hospital
Health care workers (HCWs) are exposed to various bloodborne pathogens through job-related risk factors including needlestick injuries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency and causes of needlestick injuries in a German university hospital. Data were obtained by an anonymous, self-reporting questionnaire. The share of reported needlestick injuries which could have been prevented by using safety devices was estimated. 31.4% of participant HCWs had sustained at least one needlestick injury in the last 12 months. A wide variation in the number of reported needlestick injuries was evident across disciplines, ranging from 46.9% among medical staff in surgery and 18.7% among HCWs in pediatrics. Of all occupational groups, physicians have the highest risk to experience needlestick injuries (55.1%). On average 34% of all needlestick injuries could have been avoided by the use of safety devices. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan. 2008, Vol.81, No.3, p.347-354. Illus. 37 ref.
Casteel C., Peek-Asa C., Greenland S., Chu L.D., Kraus J.F.
A study of the effectiveness of a workplace violence intervention for small retail and service establishments
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a robbery and violence prevention programme in small businesses in Los Angeles. Gas stations, stores, bars, restaurants and motels were enrolled between 1997 and 2000. Intervention businesses totaling 305 were provided training, programme implementation materials and recommendations for a comprehensive security programme. The 96 control businesses received neither training nor programme materials. Rate ratios comparing intervention to control businesses were 0.90 for violent crime and 0.81 for robbery. Results suggest that the workplace violence prevention programmes may reduce violent crime among high-risk businesses.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2008, Vol.50, No.12, p.1365-1370. 20 ref.
Carrabba J.J., Scofield S., May J.
On-farm safety program
Rates of fatal occupational injuries in New York State agriculture far outstrip the average for all American workers. The New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health sponsored a safety programme to reduce farm worksite hazards and to enhance understanding of safe farm practices. A survey of 124 farms identified hazards that may lead to farm injury and suggested improvements to correct those hazards. Safety training sessions were conducted in 271 farms to increase safety knowledge and influence adoption of safe work practices. During follow-up phone surveys conducted with 97 of the participating farms, 77 (79%) reported having made safety improvements. Other findings are discussed.
Journal of Agromedicine, 2008, Vol.13, No.3, p.139-148. 15 ref.
Breton-Kueny L., Segovia-Kueny S.
When faced with the risk of a pandemic - Vital relevance of a plan for ensuring the continuity of operations
Face à une crise de type pandémie - L'intérêt vital d'un plan de continuité des activités [en francés]
This article explains plans for ensuring the continuity of operations (PCOs) in the event of a pandemic, together with their usefulness and implementation. Topics: influenza pandemic; Decree on the safety of vital activities in France; what needs to be included in a PCO in the event of avian influenza. The proposed approach could also be relevant in other situations, for example in the case of bioterrorism.
Préventique-Sécurité, Sep.-Oct. 2008, No.101, p.57-61. Illus.
Iranzo García Y.
Planes de emergencia interior en la industria química
Contents of this article on internal emergency plans in the chemical industry: example of classification of a dangerous substance (acrylonitrile) used by an enterprise; internal and external emergency plans; categories of accidents in the chemical industry; contents of an internal emergency plan; implementation and updating of the internal emergency plan.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, May 2008, No.47, p.36-45. Illus. 6 ref.
WSH 2015 - A strategy for workplace safety and health in Singapore
With the Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) 2015 strategy, the Ministry of Manpower hopes to create a good WSH regime that is characterized by fewer risks. This will translate to minimum disruptions to production and service capacities, and enhanced business profitability. The main aspects of the strategy involve: building strong capabilities to manage workplace safety and health; implementing an effective regulatory framework; promoting the benefits of workplace safety and health; recognizing best practices; developing strong partnerships both locally and internationally.
Ministry of Manpower, 18 Havelock Rd, Singapore 059764, 2007. 45p. Illus.
WSH_2015.pdf [en inglés]
The National Occupational Safety and Health Council (DK3N)
Vision, mission, policy, strategy and program of National Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) 2007-2010
The programme of the Indonesian National Occupational safety and Health Council for the years 2007 to 2010 is intended for all concerned in building an Indonesian society in cultural compliance with OSH. A table lists the main programmes, sub-programmes, the strategies being implemented, the responsible institution, the target, indicators and the sources of funding.
ILO Country Office for Indonesia (CO-Jakarta), Menara Thamrin, Level 22, Jalan M.H. Thamrin, Kav. 3, Jakarta 10250, Indonesia, ca. 2007, 20p.
Vision_mission_policy.pdf [en inglés]
This training manual on the ILO WIND (Work improvement in Neighbourhood Development) aimed at agrarian communities in the Philippines contains a variety of information, education and communication materials, including flipcharts, comic strips, posters, booklets and presentations. Originally aimed at rice farmers, the programme has been extended to include other crops (banana, coconut and sugarcane).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. Binder containing a collection of documents. Approx. 140 p. Illus.
Our strategy in action: Engage, integrate, perform, grow - Annual Report 2007
Annual report of activities for the year 2007 of a multinational mining enterprise involved in platinum, diamonds, coal, ferrous and nonferrous metals, industrial minerals, paper and packaging. Safety practices of the enterprise as well as policies related to HIV/AIDS are reviewed.
Anglo American PLC, 20 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AN, United Kingdom, 2007. 72p. Illus.
http://www.investis.com/aa/docs/ar2007.pdf [en inglés]
Guidance on preparing workplaces for an influenza pandemic
A worldwide influenza pandemic could have a major effect on the global economy, including travel, trade, tourism, food, consumption, investment and financial markets. Planning for pandemic influenza by business and industry is essential to minimize a pandemic's impact. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) therefore developed this pandemic influenza planning guidance based upon traditional infection control and industrial hygiene practices. Topics addressed: how a severe pandemic influenza could affect workplaces; how influenza can spread between people, classifying employee exposure to pandemic influenza at work, how to maintain operations during a pandemic, how organizations can protect their employees; steps every employer can take to reduce the risk of exposure to pandemic influenza in their workplace; what employees living abroad or who travel internationally for work should know.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2007. 43p. Illus.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3327pandemic.pdf [en inglés]
Yanes J.S., Tamborero del Pino J.M., Gallo E., Mendoza Chaves S., Domínguez J.M., Silva F.
Seguridad en operaciones de mantenimiento
Temas tratados en este dossier sobre la prevención de los riesgos profesionales durante los trabajos de mantenimiento: seguridad preventiva durante las tareas de mantenimiento; ficha técnica sobre mantenimiento preventivo de las instalaciones peligrosas (ver CIS 01-213); bloqueo de las maquinas y los equipos durante los trabajos de mantenimiento; detección de fallos de los transformadores mediante cromatografía de gases; seguridad durante la utilización de andamios para la realización de trabajos de mantenimiento; gestión de la producción y de la seguridad en las empresas del sector eléctrico; sistemas de bloqueo para los interruptores de media tensión
Protección y seguridad, Mar.-Apr. 2007, Vol.53, No.312, p.43-76. Illus.
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