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  • Incendios

1990

CIS 95-1835 Dispositivos incendiarios: información y consejos prácticos
Incendiary devices: Information and guidance [en inglés]
Esta nota informativa ofrece información referida a los dispositivos incendiarios utilizados por los pirómanos en los ataques a instalaciones comerciales. Se incluyen las características de los dispositivos incendiarios, los objetivos a destruir, los métodos para introducir los dispositivos en las instalaciones, los sistemas avanzados de alarma, las actuaciones policiales, el registro de edificios, la identificación de un dispositivo, las acciones que deben llevarse a cabo al descubrir un dispositivo y la adopción de medidas preventivas.
The Fire Protection Association, 140 Aldersgate Street, London EC1A 4HX, Reino Unido, 1990. 6p. Ilus. 13 ref.

CIS 95-881
Centre national de Prévention et de Protection (CNPP)
Astronauta
Astronaute [en francés]
Este juego de dos videocasetes se dirige a todo el personal trabajador de una empresa, incluyendo los nuevos contratados. La cinta 1 "Trilogie du feu" presenta lo que sucede durante un incendio, ilustrándolo con el ejemplo de un coche incendiado voluntariamente, (los procesos de combustión, el triángulo del fuego y el principio de la extinción de los incendios por los agentes extintores). La cinta 2 "Fini la ronde" enseńa la función de los agentes de vigilancia a través de la gestión centralizada de las alarmas, la estrategia de funcionamiento de los sistemas de detección y los principios del control electrónico.
La Médiathčque du Risque, 5 rue Daunou, 75002 Paris, Francia, 1990. Juego de 2 Videocasetes VHS (duración: 4min + 3min). Precio: du jeu: FRF 1000,00 (+ IVA). ###

CIS 94-1450
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Worksafe Australia)
National policy statement on smoking and the workplace
This document provides guidance on the development of policies on workplace smoking. Contents: health hazards and fire risks of smoking at work; development and implementation of a workplace program for a smoke-free work environment (consultation, education and information, designation of non-smoking areas); personnel policies.
Australian Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, 1990. 8p. 9 ref.

CIS 93-965 Azpiazu Monteys J.
La formación, cara a la gestión del riesgo de incendio
The importance and profitability of well-organised training on fire prevention in industry is emphasised. Various aspects of training organisation are discussed, in particular the type and content of training to be received by different categories of workers. The discussion covers: training for hazard management, technical and plant design training and practical training.
Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 1990, No.111, p.38-43. Illus.

CIS 93-285 Wharton R.K.
A medium scale test method for assessing the fire hazard of flammable solid materials
The medium-scale test method currently operated by the Health and Safety Executive as a means of assessing the fire hazard of flammable solids is described. The design and construction of the apparatus are outlined along with the means of temperature measurement, calibration, test procedure, and data collection and processing. The technique has been applied to a range of materials and the results, although specific to the apparatus, have proved useful in ranking relative fire performance.
Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Oct. 1990, Vol.3, p.349-354. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 92-1292 Lorenz I., Berstermann H.M., Vogt K.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Survey on the occurrence, use and quantities of additives used in the plastics converting industry
Erhebung des Vorkommens, der Verwendung und Mengen von Stoffen in der Kunststoffverarbeitung [en alemán]
This collection of data sheets on additives used in the plastics converting industry provides the following information for each additive available in the Federal Republic of Germany: the CAS number and name, all synonyms in use, structural and chemicals formulas, the substance group each additive belongs to, the use as e.g. softener, stabiliser, plasticiser etc., the manufacturer/supplier, the quantity used (expressed in terms of low, medium, high) and the sources from which the data were gathered. Summaries in English and French.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen, D-W-2850 Bremerhaven 1, Germany, 1990. 700p. Illus. 48 ref. Price: DEM 23.50.

CIS 92-602 Ullmann G.
Portable fire extinguishers - Frauds and hazards
Tragbare Feuerlöscher - Betrügereien und Gefahren [en alemán]
Purpose and content of standard DIN 14406 (Parts 1 and 4) of the Federal Republic of Germany on portable fire extinguishers are outlined. By providing maintenance recommendations, the standard intends to curb fraudulent inspections by unauthorised persons and to prevent accidents through aging. It names the kinds of portable fire extinguishers presently on the market as well as the extinguishing agents and propellants used.
Sicherheitsingenieur, 1990, No.11, p.30-33. Illus.

CIS 92-601 Meyer M.
Risk analysis after fires
Gefährdungsanalyse nach Bränden [en alemán]
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (benzo(a)pyrene) and polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans are identified as being present in soot from fires in buildings with technical installations such as transformers or cables. The concentration of these substances must be determined prior to return of employees to the rooms. If the limits of 50ppm for benzo(a)pyrene and of 0.002ppm for 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin or dibenzofurans are exceeded, rooms may be entered only with a respirator, protective gloves and disposable overall.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Nov. 1990, No.11, p.12-14, 16-21. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 91-1777 National Building Code of Canada 1990
This is a recommended model code for adoption by appropriate authorities. It is essentially a minimum set of regulations thought to be necessary for public health, fire safety, and structural sufficiency. It establishes a standard of safety for building construction, including extensions or alterations, the evaluation of buildings undergoing a change of occupancy, and upgrading of buildings to remove hazards. The Code is composed of the following parts: scope and definitions; general requirements; use and occupancy; structural design; wind, water and vapour protection; heating, ventilating and air conditioning; plumbing services; safety measures at construction and demolition sites; housing and small buildings.
National Research Council of Canada, Associate Committee on the National Building Code, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 10th ed., 1990. xv, 423p. Illus. Index.

CIS 91-1771 National Fire Code of Canada 1990
This Code, updating previous editions, contains technical requirements designed to provide an acceptable level of fire protection and prevention within a community. It also contains advice to adopting authorities on preparing the administrative requirements necessary for the enactment of the Code. The Parts of the Code are: application and definitions; building and occupant fire safety; industrial and commercial occupancies; flammable and combustible liquids; hazardous materials, processes and operations; installation, inspection, testing, maintenance and operation of fire protection equipment; inspection, testing and maintenance of fire emergency systems in high buildings. In annex: first revisions and errata.
National Research Council of Canada, Associate Committee on the National Fire Code, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 6th ed., 1990. xviii, 180p. Index.

CIS 91-1997 Barnes D.S.
Safety and Reliability Directorate
The design of bunds
This report examines various Codes of Practice, mainly from the UK and the US, on the bulk storage of liquid chemicals and industrial materials, and compares precautions taken to restrict the loss of such materials. The report discusses the philosophy of bunding and describes the principal design features of bunds such as material of construction, height, capacity and drainage of surface water. Factors which determine bund efficiency are assessed. The report concludes that as a result of the ad hoc manner in which bunding requirements have often been developed, there is no individual Code of Practice which relates specifically to bunding, and there are anomalies in current Codes on the storage of industrial materials.
United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Wigshaw Lane, Culcheth, Warrington WA3 4NE, United Kingdom, 1990. 74p. Illus. 82 ref. Price: GBP 6.00.

CIS 91-1921 Müller W.
Poison in the computer - Toxic vapours as causes of diseases
Gift im Computer - Giftige Dämpfe als Krankheitsursache [en alemán]
Printed circuits and plastic enclosures of personal computers contain polybrominated biphenyl ether as a flame retardant. In case of fire, dioxins and dibenzofurans are produced. One case is reported in which an employee had high concentrations of these substances in the liver after work at a personal computer. Emission measurements during one hour of computer operation at 60°C confirmed the presence of high concentrations of dibenzofurans. Use of metal casings and substitution are named as preventive measures. A survey of flame retardants used by well-known manufacturers of personal computers is given.
c't - Magazin für Computer-Technik, 1990, No.10, p.44.

CIS 91-1485 Torres Girardi E.
Prevención de riesgos en el combate de incendios forestales
Training manual. Contents: functions of the members of the fire-fighting team; personal protective equipment; portable fire-fighting equipment and tools; preventive maintenance of tools; principal types of accidents involving tools; basic principles of fires and fire fighting; hazardous situations to avoid in fire fighting; check list of basic fire-fighting safety.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Casilla 14565, Correo Central, Santiago, Chile, Dec. 1990. 66p. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 91-1669 Brauns U.
Gas detection in clean rooms of the microelectronics industry in the context of technology and safety engineering
Gasdetektion für Reinräume der Mikro-Elektronik im technologischen und sicherheitstechnischen Umfeld [en alemán]
The outlined gas detection system installed in a clean room of a microelectronics plant in Germany comprises: electrochemical hydrogen and other process gas detectors for monitoring room air and waste gas as well as leakage detectors. A central control panel coordinates all detectors, triggers alarm and switches off the gas supply. The gas is transported in double-jacketed pipes.
AUER Mitteilungen, 1990, No.12, p.13-20. Illus.

CIS 91-1310 Rost M.
Automatic fire fighting systems in high-rack storage facilities
Automatische Brandschutztechnik im Hochregallager [en alemán]
The advantages and disadvantages of sprinkler systems, water spray extinguishing systems and foam extinguishing systems for combating fires in warehouses equipped with high storage racks are outlined. Water spray extinguishing systems are found best-suited for this purpose. They are capable of rapidly detecting and containing a fire in such storage facilities.
VFDB-Zeitschrift, Sep. 1990, Vol.39, No.3, p.133-138. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 91-1307 Berchem W., Müller K.B., Schulte D., Schuppe W.D.
Halogen-free cables and lines
Halogenfreie Kabel und Leitungen [en alemán]
The methods described in various German and international standards for determining pyrolisis products, fire spread and smoke emission when electric cables and lines are on fire are outlined. Results are presented of comparative studies using these methods on the fire behaviour of halogen-free cables and polyvinyl-chloride-coated cables. Halogen-free cables produced no corrosive substances and less smoke, while when they were used fire spread more slowly.
etz - Elektrotechnik + Automation, 1990, Vol.111, No.19, p.992-996, 998-999. Illus. 41 ref.

CIS 91-1311 Bätz R.
Lamps for workplaces where there is a fire hazard
Leuchten für feuergefährdete Betriebsstätten [en alemán]
In Germany the standards VDE 0100 Part 720/3.83 as well as Part 705/11.71 and VDE 0165/9.83 address the design of flame safety lamps for workshops and agricultural facilities where flammable dusts and chemical substances are present. The most important requirements of these standards are outlined. For example, no hot component may fall off from lamps. Temperatures at the lamp surface may not exceed 95°C.
Licht, 1990, Vol.42, No.10, p.748-749. Illus.

CIS 91-1306 Gros P.
Fires and explosions during the processing of aluminium alloys and of easily oxidisable metals. Preventive measures
Incendies et explosions lors du travail des alliages d'aluminium et de métaux facilement oxydables - Mesures préventives [en francés]
This paper discusses the fire and explosion hazards due to aluminium dust, dust of flammable metal alloys and hydrogen liberated when these metals react with water. Contents: characteristics of dust explosions; examples of accidents; prevention of fires and explosions; definitions, general requirements, working premises and equipment; fire safety requirements of; recommendations for: milling operations that produce sparks, dust elimination, ignition, sources, storage containers, transport, cleaning and maintenance, protective clothing, staff training, compulsory plant inspection.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygične du travail, 3rd Quarter 1990, No.140, Note No.1785-140-90, p.521-530. Illus. 32 ref.

CIS 91-1070
Commissie Preventie van Rampen door Gevaarlijke Stoffen (Committee for the Prevention of Emergencies due to Dangerous Substances)
Storage of packaged hazardous substances: storage of fluids and solids (0-10 tons) [Netherlands]
Opslag gevaarlijke stoffen in emballage: opslag van vloeistoffen en vaste stoffen (0-10 ton) [en holandés]
Contents of this directive: definitions; general lay-out of storage facilities for hazardous substances; general provisions (labelling, training and instruction of personnel, clean-up of spilled material, notification of accidents); siting and construction of cupboards, strongboxes, storage sheds, stacks of barrels; technical provisions; personal protection and hygiene.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd ed., 1990. 47p. Illus.

CIS 91-1069
Commissie Preventie van Rampen door Gevaarlijke Stoffen (Committee for the Prevention of Emergencies due to Dangerous Substances)
Storage of packaged pesticides: storage of more than 400kg of pesticides in distribution centres and similar enterprises [Netherlands]
Opslag bestrijdingsmiddelen in emballage: opslag van bestrijdingsmiddelen in distributiebedrijven en aanverwante bedrijven (vanaf 400kg) [en holandés]
This directive contains guidelines for the safety of large storage facilities for pesticides. Attention is given to: site admission, fire prevention, containment of fire extinguishing water, separate storage of pesticides, clean-up of spilled pesticides, instruction and training of personnel, heating, emergency lighting, emergency and first aid, personal protection equipment.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1990. 56p.

CIS 91-1068
Commissie Preventie van Rampen door Gevaarlijke Stoffen (Committee for the Prevention of Emergencies due to Dangerous Substances)
Propane: use of propane stored in road construction machines and weed-control machines [Netherlands]
Propaan: toepassing van propaan in wegenbouwmachines en onkruidbestrijdingsmachines [en holandés]
Contents of this directive: definitions; physical, chemical and toxicological properties of propane; first aid in case of accidents; organisation of first aid and rescue operations; competent authorities and Dutch legislation; construction of cylinders, reservoirs and their accessories; inspection and testing of facilities; safety measures.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1990. 38p. Illus.

CIS 91-1067
Commissie Preventie van Rampen door Gevaarlijke Stoffen (Committee for the Prevention of Emergencies due to Dangerous Substances)
Propane: storage of butane and propane in stationary above-ground, underground and terp reservoirs with a volume of 5-150m3 [Netherlands]
Propaan: opslag van butaan en propaan in stationaire bovengrondse- , ondergrondse- en terpreservoirs met een inhoud groter dan 5m3 en ten hoogste 150m3 [en holandés]
Contents of this directive: definitions; physical, chemical and toxicological properties of propane and butane; first aid in case of accidents; organisation of first aid and rescue operations; competent authorities and Dutch legislation; construction of stationary reservoirs and their accessories (below-ground and above-ground tanks, piping, pumps); safety measures (electrical equipment, safe distances; fire prevention); operation of installations.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1990. 109p. Illus.

CIS 91-1316 Fire prevention in stores
This data sheet is a revision of the 1983 edition (CIS 84-901). Contents: fire prevention basics (faulty work behaviour and common sources of ignition); smoking control; electrical hazards; housekeeping and maintenance; cooking equipment; heating and cooling equipment; exits, stairways and escalators; sprinklers and fire extinguishers; fire prevention check list.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1990. 4p. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 91-763 Hydrogen cyanide
Fire safety data sheet prepared by the Loss Prevention Association of India, Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India.
Loss Prevention News, Oct.-Dec. 1990, Vol.12, No.4, p.23-24, 26.

CIS 91-740 Aluminium chloride (anhydrous)
Fire safety data sheet prepared ty the Loss Prevention Association of India, Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India.
Loss Prevention News, Oct.-Dec. 1990, Vol.12, No.4, p.25-26. 10 ref.

CIS 91-964 Stapelfeldt J.P.
Hazardous actions on stage and in arenas of assembly halls
Feuergefährliche Handlungen auf Bühnen und Szenenflächen in Versammlungsstätten [en alemán]
The fire prevention rules that apply to all theatres in Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany, are outlined. They address the safe handling of burning candles, torches and fireworks in plays, such as avoiding contact with inflammable fabrics. Only safety torches and spark-free fire crackers, which give off no heat, may be used.
Brandschutz, 1990, Vol.44, No.3, p.127-129. Illus.

CIS 91-966 Cox A.W., Lees F.P., Ang M.L.
Classification of hazardous locations
Report of an investigation into the feasibility of putting hazardous area classification on a more quantitative basis. Contents: background and previous work; current standards, codes and guides; current performance in control of ignition sources; objectives, criteria and strategy of the project; review of leak sources and scenarios; quantitative data relevant to the problem (inventory of leak sources in a typical plant, number of plants, standard hole sizes, estimates of leak frequency and hole size distribution, models for emission, vaporisation and dispersion of leaks, properties of a set of representative flammable liquids, data on fires and explosions); development of a fire and explosion model; ventilation and zoning of indoor plants; conclusions and recommendations.
Institution of Chemical Engineers, 165-171 Railway Terrace, Rugby CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 1990. 201p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 91-965 Boydell W.
Safety and Reliability Directorate
Investigation into the ignition and melting characteristics of apparel fabrics subjected to a radiative heat flux
This report reviews the literature on the ignition and melting characteristics of everyday clothing subjected to a radiative heat flux and provides a methodology whereby ignition and melting times may be predicted and the minimum critical heat flux for ignition/melting be determined. The predicted ignition/melting behaviour of fabrics subjected to a radiative heat flux is compared with experimentally obtained data. The methodology is discussed and recommendations as to how it may be improved are outlined.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, Sep. 1990. 79p. Illus. 43 ref.

CIS 91-834 Heyer N., Weiss N.S., Demers P., Rosenstock L.
Cohort mortality study of Seattle fire fighters: 1945-1983
Fire fighters are known to be occupationally exposed to many toxic substances. However, the limited number of previous studies has not demonstrated any consistent excess mortality from diseases of a priori concern, such as lung cancer, non-malignant respiratory disease, and cardiovascular disease. The authors studied 2,289 Seattle fire fighters from 1945 through 1983, and observed 383 deaths. Excess mortality from leukaemia and multiple myeloma was observed among fire fighters with 30 years or more fire combat duty. Lung cancer mortality was elevated among fire fighters 65 years old or older. A trend of increasing risk with increasing exposure (30 years and more) was observed for diseases of the circulatory system. For this cause of death, fire fighters with 30 years or more fire combat duty had a relative risk of 1.84 compared to those with less than 15 years of fire combat duty.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1990, Vol.17, No.4, p.493-504. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 91-426 Control de riesgos de accidents mayores - manual práctico
Spanish version of the ILO manual on major hazard control, written primarily for government officials, labour inspectors, management and labour union officials and emergency personnel in developing countries. Contents: introduction (description of major types of hazards; explosions, fires, toxic releases; components of major hazard control systems); identification of major hazard installations; role of management (assessment of hazards; causes of major industrial accidents; safe operation of major hazard installations; mitigation of consequence; reporting to authorities); role of authorities; role of workers and of workers' organisations; emergency planning; implementation of major hazard control systems; prerequisites for a major hazard control system. Appendices contain: list of dangerous substances and threshold quantities (derived from EC Directive 82/501/EEC, see CIS 83-889); example of a rapid ranking method for the classification of units/plant elements; guide to hazard and operability studies; consequence calculation methods; storage of LPG at fixed installations; safety advice for bulk chlorine installations; storage of anhydrous ammonia under pressure in the United Kingdom; example of a safety report; example of an accident report form; land use near major hazard works.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 1990. xi, 305p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 45.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/1988/88B09_382_SPAN.pdf [en espańol]

CIS 91-599 Prössdorf T., Kainz C.
After the halon ban: an alternative fire fighting concept
Nach Halon-Verbot: Alternatives Löschkonzept [en alemán]
A new fire-fighting concept for electronic data processing equipment foresees the installation of smoke and thermostatic detectors at each unit in addition to smoke detectors monitoring room air. For fire extinction, carbon dioxide is injected into the affected unit instead of halon 1301 being sprayed into the entire room, as has been practised to date in Germany (Fed. Rep.). This concept reduces loss and complies with a ban on halon 1301 going into effect in 1996 in that country.
KES - Zeitschrift für Kommunikations- und EDV-Sicherheit, 1990, Vol.6, No.3, p.148-154. Illus.

CIS 91-609 Handling and storage of fusees and torpedoes - Used in railroad operations
This data sheet, a revision of the 1973 edition (CIS 74-231), reviews the hazards involved in the handling, storage and use of signal flares (fusees) and explosive warning caps (torpedoes) and lists relevant precautions.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611-3991, USA, 1990. 2p. 5 ref.

CIS 91-605 Wheatley C.J., Martin D.
Safety and Reliability Directorate
The effect of obstrucions on combustion in flammable vapour clouds - steady state combustion
In this report, the combustion of flammable mixtures in the presence of obstacles is considered in order to quantify the dependence of overpressures on the amount of obstruction and the mixture properties. Similarity solutions to a one-dimensional combustion model are derived which enable steady-state flame speeds and overpressures to be calculated for a specified burning velocity. Simple models are presented which relate this burning velocity to geometric features of the flow field. Comparisons with experimental data support the existence of a threshold for the amount of obstruction above which flame speeds and overpressures are substantial, although no precise relationship has been identified.
United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Wigshaw Lane, Culcheth, Warrington WA3 4NE, United Kingdom, 1990. 48p. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 91-607 Portable fire extinguishers
Contents of this data sheet: relevant British standards; choice of extinguisher according to ease of maintenance, method of operation, angle, range and shape of jet; choice of extinguisher for general protection of ordinary combustible materials, and for fires involving electrical equipment, gases and flammable liquids; siting and distribution of extinguishers; inspection and testing. Types of extinguisher covered: water, carbon dioxide, halon, dry powder and foam.
Fire Protection Association, 140 Aldersgate Street, London EC1A 4HX, United Kingdom, 1990. 8p. Illus.

CIS 91-597 Lewis N.J., Curtis M.F.
Occupational health and hygiene following a fire in a warehouse with an asbestos cement roof
Work on site was carefully monitored and it is believed that no health hazards occurred subsequent to the fire, in particular only very low levels of asbestos were detected during the clean-up. The need to disseminate information as widely and as rapidly as possible to the workforce and others following such a disaster is emphasised.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Summer 1990, Vol.40, No.2, p.53-54. 4 ref.

CIS 91-267 Browning B., Searson A.H.
Lessons to be learnt from an oil terminal fire
Report of a fire which started when spilled oil was ignited by maintenance work involving flame cutting and which spread to destroy a large proportion of the terminal facilities. Significant aspects of the incident include: fire propagation between diked areas; overpressure failures of fixed roof tanks exposed to external fire; overpressure protection of fixed roof tanks; boilover-type eruption in a burning fuel oil tank; potential for escalation of a floating roof tank seal fire; firefighting techniques for major ground fires.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Aug. 1990, No.094, p.19-24. Illus.

CIS 91-271 Wiktorowski W., Zawadzki A.
Minute by minute. Halemba 2:24
Minuta po minucie. Halemba godz. 224 [en polonés]
Detailed description of the events leading to the ignition of methane in the Halemba coal mine, Poland, on 10 Jan. 1990. 19 workers were killed and 9 seriously injured.
Ochrona pracy, June 1990, No.6, p.11-14. Illus.

CIS 91-263 Mawhinney J.R.
Development of Regulations in the 1990 National Fire Code of Canada on Storage of Dangerous Goods
This paper describes the process by which the Canadian National Fire Code was revised to address problems created when fires occur in buildings storing dangerous goods. Problems include the increased hazard to the surrounding community because of toxic smoke, runoff of contaminated fire-fighting water, and delays to normal fire-fighting operations. Key ideas that evolved as part of committee deliberations, such as the rationale for regulating products that were not previously considered to be a fire hazard, are described.
Fire Technology, Aug. 1990, Vol.26, No.3, p.266-280. 8 ref.

CIS 91-262 Waters D.
Which foam?
Different types of extinguishing foams and their properties, application rates, uses and techniques are described. Topics covered include: definition of critical and minimum application rates; uses and limitation of foam; fixed foam installations and problems associated with testing; fixed roof tanks; sub-surface injection of foam into large oil tanks. A table lists 6 types of foam liquid concentrates with trade names, supply companies, uses, expansion ratio and storage information. Whilst aqueous film forming foam is considered by some to be a good all-round foam concentrate, fluoroprotein foam is thought to provide better radiation protection when used on fuels with highly radiant flames, and is not affected when in contact with hot metal.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Feb. 1990, No.091, p.1-6. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 90-1798 Caustic soda (NaOH)
Fire safety data sheet prepared by the Loss Prevention Association of India, Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India.
Loss Prevention News, July-Sep. 1990, Vol.12, No.3. 2p. Insert.

CIS 90-1793 Ammonium chloride (Anhydrous) (NH4Cl)
Fire safety data sheet prepared by the Loss Prevention Association of India, Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India.
Loss Prevention News, July-Sep. 1990, Vol.12, No.3, 2p. Insert.

CIS 90-2014 Use of solvents in the rubber industry
Contents of this safety guide: types of solvent used in the rubber industry and their flammability, labelling requirements and occupational exposure limits; fire and explosion hazards; health risks following solvent exposure; general legal requirements including storage and labelling, fire precautions and certification, electrical requirements and waste disposal; assessment of risks arising from the storage and use of solvents; measurement of exposure (atmospheric sampling, health surveillance, biological monitoring); principles of exposure control (elimination of harmful solvents and substitution of safer substances, ventilation and personal protection); safe working methods during operations involving solvents; requirements for local exhaust ventilation systems; maintenance of control measures.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1990. 28p. Illus. 50 ref. Price: GBP 4.00.

CIS 90-2031 The storage of flammable liquids in containers
Contents of this safety guide: design and construction of containers; selection of storage locations and minimum separation distances; design and ventilation of storerooms and buildings and requirements for the use of fire-resistant structures; safety during dispensing, mixing and sampling operations; storage and display at retail premises; sources of ignition; marking and labelling; fire precautions; emergency procedures; information and training of personnel; precautions for higher-flashpoint liquids; legal requirements and enforcement arrangements.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1990. 22p. Illus. Bibl. Price: GBP 3.50.

CIS 90-1865 Fire protection at the workplace
Protection contre l'incendie sur les lieux de travail [en francés]
The first part of this booklet deals with the organisational and technical aspects of plant fire prevention: responsibilities, fire prevention, fire causes, fire alarms, fire-fighting measures. The second part reviews the regulations on fire prevention in Belgium.
Commissariat général ŕ la promotion du travail, 53 rue Belliard, 1040 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1990. 82p. Illus.

CIS 90-1963 Workshop on brominated aromatic flame retardants, Skokloster, Sweden, 24-26 October, 1989 - Proceedings
This international workshop organised within the framework of the OECD's Chemicals Programme covers the following topics: chemistry, production and use of brominated flame retardants, occurrence in the environment, toxicology and ecotoxicology, content and/or formation of toxic products in flame retardants, risk assessment and risk management.
Swedish National Chemicals Inspectorate, P.O. Box 1384, 171 27 Solna, Sweden, 1990. 141p. Bibl.

CIS 90-2021 Joint meeting on conditions of employment and work of fire-fighting personnel
Réunion paritaire sur les conditions d'emploi et de travail du personnel de lutte contre l'incendie [en francés]
Report prepared by the ILO to serve as a basis for the discussions of the Joint Meeting held in Geneva, Switzerland, 9-17 May 1990. Aspects covered: legal status of fire-fighters, trade union rights, equality of opportunity, pay and conditions of employment, working times, occupational safety and health, pension rights.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, May 1990. 92p. Price: CHF 17.50.

CIS 90-2030 Fire protection equipment - Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems for use on premises - Design and installation
Equipement de protection contre l'incendie - Installations fixes d'extinction par dioxyde de carbone utilisées dans les bâtiments - Conception et installation [en francés]
This standard lays down requirements for the design and implementation of these systems. Contents: definitions, carbon dioxide, safety requirements, warning alarms, automatic shut-down of plant equipment, pressure relief, electrical earthing, precautions for low-lying parts of protected areas, safety signs, precautions during maintenance work, discharge testing where there may be explosive mixtures, basis for design of carbon dioxide systems, design of total flooding systems, design for local application systems, storage of carbon dioxide, selector valves, distribution systems, nozzles, release mechanisms.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genčve 20, Switzerland, July 1990. 22p.

CIS 90-1515 Prevention of industrial disasters [Major hazard control]: A practical manual
Védekezés ipari katasztrófák ellen: Gyakorlati kézikönyv [en húngaro]
Hungarian translation of the ILO handbook published in 1988 (see CIS 89-118). Contents: introduction (description of major types of hazards; explosions, fires, toxic releases; components of major hazard systems); identification of major hazard installations; role of management, of the authorities, of workers and of workers' organisations in the assessment, prevention and control of major hazards; emergency planning; implementation of major hazard control systems; prerequisites for a major hazard control system. Appendices contain: list of dangerous substances and threshold quantities (derived from EC Directive 82/501/EEC, see CIS 83-889); example of a ranking method for the classification of units/plant elements; risk factors for ca. 200 substances (classification for health and fire hazards and reactivity); guide to hazard and operability studies; guide to land use near major hazard works.
Országos Műszaki Információs Központ és Könyvtár (OMIKK), Budapest, Hungary, 1990. 104p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Price: HUF 590.00.

CIS 90-1134 Methane
Fire safety data sheet prepared by the Loss Prevention Association of India, Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India. Toxicity: asphyxiant.
Loss Prevention News, Jan.-Mar. 1990, Vol.12, No.1, 2p. Insert.

CIS 90-1116 Chloroform
Fire safety data sheet prepared by the Loss Prevention Association of India, Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India. Toxicity: skin absorption; dermatitis; neurotoxic effects; hepatic and renal damage; suspected carcinogen.
Loss Prevention News, Jan.-Mar. 1990, Vol.12, No.1, 2p. Insert.

CIS 90-1328 Dosne R.
160,000 litres of ethanol on fire
160 000 litres d'éthanol en feu [en francés]
Report of a railway accident in which a tank-car full of ethanol overturned and caught fire. Intervention by emergency personnel is described, including the measures necessitated by a shortage of water.
Face au risque, Feb. 1990, No.260, p.39, 41, 43, 44. Illus.

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