Risk evaluation - 1,588 entradas encontradas
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Hernández Calleja A., Luna Mendaza P.
El informe higiénico. Pautas de elaboración
This technical note on the occupational hygiene report following the hazard assessment and exposure evaluation to chemical, physical and/or biological agents during tasks performed within the enterprise, describes the elements which this document has to include as well as its structure.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 3 ref.
NTP_863.pdf [en español]
Dunleavy K., Taylor A., Gow J., Cullen B., Roy K.
Management of blood and body fluid exposures in police staff
Police service staff are at risk of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids with the consequent risk of blood-borne virus (BBV) infections. The objective of this study was to examine the types of occupational exposure incidents experienced by Scottish police service staff and to evaluate the post-incident management provided by their occupational health services. Data were collected on the circumstances and the post-incident management of each incident reported to occupational health services over 12 months. An expert panel reviewed the post-incident management provided by the occupational health service. The panel considered that the majority of cases of occupational exposure incurred little or no risk of BBV transmission. In general, the expert panel assessed the post-incident management provided by the occupational health service units serving the police as adequate and appropriate. However, some concerns were raised in relation to a small number of incorrect risk assessments and an inconsistent approach to hepatitis C virus follow-up blood testing.
Occupational Medicine, Oct. 2010, Vol.60, No.7, p.540-545. Illus. 22 ref.
Good protection requires identifying hazards
Une bonne protection passe par une identification du risque [en francés]
This article presents the approach implemented by an enterprise specialized in the disposal of harmful waste, aimed at improving the evaluation of workers' occupational exposures.
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 2010, No.711, p.38-40. Illus.
Une_bonne_protection.pdf [en francés]
Hansson G.A., Balogh I., Ohlsson K., Granqvist L., Nordander C., Arvidsson I., Åkesson I., Unge J., Rittner R., Strömberg U., Skerfving S.
Physical workload in various types of work: Part II. Neck, shoulder and upper arm
To explore the correlation between various measures of exposure to potential risk factors for work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (UE-WMSDs), physical workload was measured in 43 types of work (713 individuals), using inclinometry for the head and upper arms, and electromyography (EMG) for the trapezius muscles. Findings are discussed. Many exposure measures were found to be highly correlated. These direct measurements provide objective and quantitative data of the main physical risk factors for UE-WMSDs, appropriate for estimating the risk and evaluating interventions.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2010, Vol.40, p.267-281. Illus. 52 ref.
Physical_workload.pdf [en inglés]
Wong E.Y., Ray R., Gao D.L., Wernli K.J., Li W., Fitzgibbons E.D., Camp J.E., Heagerty P.J., De Roos A.J., Holt V.L., Thomas D.B., Checkoway H.
Physical activity, physical exertion, and miscarriage risk in women textile workers in Shanghai, China
Strenuous occupational physical activity and physical demands may be risk factors for adverse reproductive outcomes. This retrospective study in the Shanghai, China, textile industry collected women's self-reported reproductive history. Occupational physical activity was assessed from an industry-specific job-exposure matrix. Data were subjected to multivariate logistic regression analyses. Compared with women employed in sedentary jobs, a reduced risk of miscarriage was found for women working in jobs with either light (odds ratio (OR) 0.18) or medium (OR 0.24) physical activity during the first pregnancy and over all pregnancies (light OR 0.32; medium OR 0.43). However frequent crouching was associated with elevated risks (OR 1.82).
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2010, Vol.53, p.497-505. 31 ref.
Lara Ruíz Á.
Algunos errores en las evaluaciones de riesgo psicosocial
This article discusses the main errors that can be made when evaluating psychosocial hazards. They may relate to different phases of the evaluation, including: misidentification of psychosocial risk factors; choice of inappropriate methodology and techniques; errors in planning and carrying out the fieldwork; errors in the analysis of results or in the report; errors during the development and implementation of an intervention programme; errors in the monitoring and control of the proposed measures.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2010, No.58, p.28-33. Illus. 9 ref.
Algunos_errores.pdf [en español]
Hazardous substances 2011 - With updated workplace threshold limit values
Gefahrstoffe 2011 - Mit aktuellen Arbeitsplatzgrenzwerten [en alemán]
Contents of this vademecum with updated threshold limit values for hazardous substances: classification according to technical rules TRGS 900 (workplace threshold limit values), 903 (biological threshold limit values), 905 (CMR substances) and 906 (carcinogenic activities); risk assessment; protective measures; labelling according to GSH; list of P and H phrases; list of R and S phrases; preventive medicine; glossary.
Universum Verlag GmbH, Taunusstrasse 54, 65183 Wiesbaden, Germany, 2010, 262p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: EUR 6.00
Quality of occupational safety and health hazard evaluation - Guide to assessing the quality of occupational hazard evaluations
Qualidade da avaliação de riscos em saúde e segurança no trabalho - Orientaçãoes para avaliar a qualidade da avaliação de riscos laborais [en portugués]
This article proposes a systematic approach to hazard evaluation, based on current quality management standards, involving the following steps: planning; structuring; identifying the dangers; analyzing the risks; proposing safety barriers; documenting the process.
Segurança, July-Aug. 2010, Vol.XLV, No.197, p.24-28. Illus. 13 ref.
de Sousa Uva A., Leite E., Serranheira F.
Occupational health and safety policies: Legal obligation or option of enterprises (or other organizations) for valuing their human resources?
Políticas de saúde e segurança do trabalho: obrigação legal ou opção das empresas (e outras organizações) na valorização dos seus recursos humanos? [en portugués]
Following a discussion of ethical and human resource management issues related to occupational safety and health (OSH) including hazard evaluation and acceptable or unacceptable levels of risk, this article reviews the national OSH strategy of Portugal, with reference to current OSH legislation.
Segurança, May-June 2010, Vol.XLV, No.196, p.12-15. Illus. 12 ref.
Safety on construction sites - Minimum standards of Veolia Water Solutions
La sécurité sur un chantier de construction - Standards minimums de VWS [en francés]
Collection of 16 safety sheets on precautions to be taken on construction sites, aimed at employees of a large French water distribution enterprise.
Veolia Water Solutions and Technologies, L'Aquarène, 1 place de Montgolfier, 94417 Saint Maurice Cedex, France, no date. 51p. Illus.
Nogareda S., García C.
Tareas repetitivas: método Ergo/IBV de evaluación de riesgos ergonómicos
This technical note presents the Ergo/BIV method, which allows analyzing upper limb repetitive tasks with clearly-defined task cycles, for the purpose of evaluating the risk of musculoskeletal disorders of the neck-shoulder and hand-arm regions. Contents: introduction; description of the method; posture codification; computing the level of risk; results.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 9 ref.
NTP_844.pdf [en español]
Medidas de seguridad en la manipulación de medicamentos tóxicos por personal de medicina veterinaria
Safe handling of hazardous drugs for veterinary healthcare workers [en inglés]
Veterinary healthcare employees working where hazardous drugs are handled may face health risks. Many of these workers treat small companion animals (primarily cats and dogs), but also larger animals such as horses, with antineoplastic and other drugs that may be hazardous to humans. This information note explains the hazards and the protective measures for veterinary healthcare workers exposed to hazardous drugs.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2010, USA, June 2010. 4p. 16 ref.
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2010-150.pdf [en inglés]
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2010-150.pdf [en español]
Integración de la SST en la gestión de las empresas - Resumen de un informe de la Agencia
Mainstreaming OSH into business management - Summary of an Agency report [en inglés]
Intégration de la SST dans la gestion des entreprises - Synthèse d'un rapport de l'Agence [en francés]
Organizations deal with occupational safety and health (OSH) in different ways. Some have little expertise in OSH and simply react to occupational accidents, work-related diseases and absenteeism as they arise. Others strive to manage OSH more systematically and proactively by mainstreaming OSH into the organization's overall management. This fact sheet summarizes a report aimed at providing information on how OSH can be incorporated into general business management. The report comprises a literature review, an overview of related policies and examples of good practice. This fact sheet is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 2 ref.
Facts_92/EN.pdf [en inglés]
Facts_92/FR.pdf [en francés]
Facts_92/ES.pdf [en español]
Cáncer relacionado con el trabajo
Work-related cancer [en inglés]
About 4% of cancer deaths in the United States are caused by occupational exposures, a rate which is currently thought to underestimate the true burden of occupational cancer. Many of the studies that reported on the health effects of carcinogens were conducted in manufacturing. Aimed at employers in manufacturing industries, this leaflet outlines the strategic goals of a partnership programme between NIOSH and participating enterprises aimed at identifying the most critical workplace issues related to occupational cancer.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Apr. 2010. PDF document. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2010-145.pdf [en inglés]
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2010-145.pdf [en español]
Castellá López J.L.
Reflexiones sobre la modificación del Reglamento de los servicios de prevención
This article comments the main changes in the Law on the prevention of occupational hazards and the Regulation on safety and health services in the context of the Spanish occupational safety and health strategy for the years 2007 to 2012 (see CIS 08-545) as well as their implications. The main changes concern the improvement of safety and health in SMEs and in micro-enterprises, and the improvement of the quality and efficacy of occupational safety and health services.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, May 2010, No.57, p.35-43. Illus.
Ruiz Ruiz L., González Través C.
EvalCARGAS, una herramienta de mucho peso
EvalCARGAS is a computer tool that facilitates the analysis and the ergonomic evaluation of jobs requiring manual handling of loads. It determines whether the risk involved in the task is acceptable or not and proposes corrective measures. An example of application of this tool is presented.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, May 2010, No.57, p.18-26. Illus. 5 ref
EvalCARGAS.pdf [en español]
Fera M., Macchiaroli R.
Appraisal of a new risk assessment model for SME
The identification, assessment and reduction of the risks are among the most important issues of the safety at work. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of a new risk assessment method for SMEs in several industrial environments including metalworking plants and a cut flowers distributor.
Safety Science, Dec. 2010, Vol.48, No.10, p.1361-1368. Illus. 19 ref.
Ghasemi E., Shahriar K., Sharifzadeh M.
A new method for risk assessment of pillar recovery operation
Safe pillar recovery operations can result in better miner safety and more efficient recovery of ore reserves. The most important technical parameters influencing the safety of pillar recovery are reviewed. A method for assessing the overall risk of pillar recovery operations in pre-developed room and pillar mines, by combining all these parameters, is described and applied to a mine in Iran.
Safety Science, Dec. 2010, Vol.48, No.10, p.1304-1312. Illus. 24 ref.
Miguel A.S., Góis J., Silva J.
Study on workers' evacuation in an industrial company
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of training on the workers' behaviour, and consequently on their evacuation time, in case of an emergency. Three fire drills were undertaken, during which several parameters were recorded: time taken by the first worker to reach the section meeting point; time taken by the last worker to reach the meeting point; average age of the workers in each section; number of workers in each section; average distance of each section from the corresponding meeting point. Despite the scarcity of data, it was observed during the last fire drill that there was a better attitude towards fire risk and an increased awareness of safety issues. The workers' age as well the number of workers appeared to have no influence on the evacuation time.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1050-1053. Illus. 8 ref.
Jørgensen K., Duijm N.J., Troen H.
Accident prevention in SME using ORM
The Dutch workgroup occupational risk model (WORM) was transferred to a Danish context, with the aim of creating a more simple system, particularly for SMEs. The model identifies the daily work activities that contribute most to risks and also identifies which conditions need to be changed in order to reduce these risks. The objective was to determine whether the method could be used to collect information about risks in SMEs and, if so, whether this information could be presented in a way that would allow SMEs to use it constructively. This article describes the methodological approaches applied and some of the preliminary findings obtained during field observations.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1036-1043. Illus. 11 ref.
Calixto E., Lébre Larouvere E.
The regional emergency plan requirement: Application of the best practices to the Brazilian case
Currently in Brazil, resources are not optimized in offshore emergency plans. It is up to individual companies to implement their own plans, without any coordination. Despite the existence of certain procedures, there are no national or regional frameworks to coordinate such emergency plans. The objective of this study was to define new requirements for a Brazilian regional emergency plan based on the best practices used in countries such as the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and Australia. The risk analysis methodologies and emergency frameworks used in these countries were taken into account and a critical analysis was carried out in order to customize and apply their best practices to the Brazilian context. In addition, other issues were examined, such as the number of accidents and environmental impact in some areas, related to environmental sensitivity in order to define the environmental reliability of the whole system within a specific area.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.991-999. Illus. 4 ref.
Jacinto C., Silva C.
A semi-quantitative assessment of occupational risks using bow-tie representation
This work proposes a semi-quantitative risk assessment methodology, which was applied and tested in the ship building industry. It covers a wide range of risks related to occupational accidents in a shipbuilding environment, more specifically a large shipyard in Portugal. The initial qualitative analysis focuses on the bow-tie diagram technique, but it also integrates concepts and classifications schemes defined by the Eurostat within the European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW) project. The structure of the diagram enables the identification of the relevant accident's causal pathways and their consequences, at the same time as it identifies the existing or needed safety barriers. A specific case study, in the shipyard's technological area of surface treatment and protection, is presented to demonstrate the method's applicability and usefulness.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.973-979. Illus. 17 ref.
Aneziris O.N., Papazoglou I.A., Kallianiotis D.
Occupational risk of tunneling construction
This article presents the quantification of occupational risk during the construction of a highway tunnel located in Northern Greece. Risk assessment is based on the Workgroup Occupational Risk Model (WORM) project, developed in the Netherlands. This model can assess occupational risk at hazard level, activity level, job level and overall company risk. Seventeen job positions were identified for this construction project, including operators of drilling machines, loaders, excavators and spraying machines, crane operators, blasters, welders, project supervisors, truck drivers and various other workers participating in the major construction phases. All risk profiles of workers were quantified and jobs were ranked according to their risk. Occupational risk was assessed for two major tunnel construction phases, the excavation and primary support and the final lining and support of the tunnel. Findings are discussed.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.964-972. Illus. 14 ref.
Savolainen K., Pylkkänen L., Norppa H., Falck G., Lindberg H., Tuomi T., Vippola M., Alenius H., Hämeri K., Koivisto J., Brouwer D., Mark D., Bard D., Berges M., Jankowska E., Posniak M., Farmer P., Singh R., Krombach F., Bihari P., Kasper G., Seipenbusch M.
Nanotechnologies, engineered nanomaterials and occupational health and safety - A review
The significance of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) and nanotechnologies is growing rapidly. Nanotechnology applications may have a positive marked impact on many aspects of human every day life. Hundreds of consumer nano-based products are already on the market. However, very little is known of the risks of ENM to occupational safety and health, even though workers are likely to be at extra risk compared with other potentially exposed groups of people, because of the higher levels of exposure at workplaces than in other environments. However, knowledge of the exposure to, or effects of, ENM on human safety and health in occupational environments is limited and does not allow reliable assessment of risks of ENM on workers' health. This article discusses several issues related to ENM in the workplaces which require marked attention.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.957-963. Illus. 55 ref.
Papadopoulos G., Georgiadou P., Papazoglou C., Michaliou K.
Occupational and public health and safety in a changing work environment: An integrated approach for risk assessment and prevention
During recent years the work environment has undergone significant changes regarding working time, years of employment, work organization, type of employment contracts and working conditions. This article examines the consequences of these changes on occupational and public safety and health, which include the disruption of human biological rhythms, the increase of workers fatigue due to changes in patterns of working hours and years of employment, job insecurity and occupational stress, which have a serious impact on workers' health and may result in an increase in occupational accidents. The difficulties arising in conducting effective occupational risk assessments and implementing OSH measures are also discussed. Finally, some concluding remarks are made.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.943-949. 112 ref.
Smith D.R., Muto T., Sairenchi T., Ishikawa Y., Sayama S., Yoshida A., Townley-Jones M.
Hospital safety climate, psychosocial risk factors and needlestick injuries in Japan
To investigate the interactions between safety climate, psychosocial issues and needlestick and sharps injuries (NSI), a cross-sectional study was undertaken among nurses at a university teaching hospital in Japan (89% response rate). NSI were correlated with various aspects of hospital safety climate including supporting one another at work, the protection of staff against blood-borne diseases being a high management priority, managers doing their part to protect staff from blood-borne diseases, having unsafe work practices corrected by supervisors, having the opportunity to use safety equipment to protect against blood-borne disease exposures, having an uncluttered work area, and having minimal conflict within their department. This study demonstrated the importance of hospital safety climate in Japanese health care practice, particularly its relationship with NSI.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.85-95. Illus. 78 ref.
Hospital_safety_climate.pdf [en inglés]
Choobineh A., Movahed M., Tabatabaie S.H., Kumashiro M.
Perceived demands and musculoskeletal disorders in operating room nurses of Shiraz City hospitals
Excessive demands on operation room nurses may result in high rates of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This study was conducted among Shiraz city hospital nurses to determine the prevalence of MSDs and to examine the relationship between perceived demands and reported MSDs. In this cross-sectional study, 375 operating room nurses participated (response rate: 80%). Data were collected by means of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire and the Job Content Questionnaire. Lower back symptoms were found to be the most prevalent problem, with a past year prevalence of 60.6%. Perceived physical demands were significantly associated with musculoskeletal symptoms (odds ratio ranged from 2.04 to 7.24). Manual material handling (MMH) activities were most frequently associated with reported symptoms. Association was also found between perceived psychological demands and reported symptoms (odds ratio 1.68 or higher). Based on the findings, it is concluded that operating theatres are not only physically, but also psychologically demanding environments. Any interventional program for preventing or reducing MSDs among nurses should focus on reducing physical demands, particularly excessive MMH demands as well as considering psychological aspects of the working environment.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.74-84. 47 ref.
Perceived_demands_and_musculoskeletal_disorders.pdf [en inglés]
Zalk D.M., Kamerzell R., Paik S., Kapp J., Harrington D., Swuste P.
Risk level based management system: A control banding model for occupational health and safety risk management in a highly regulated environment
The Risk Level Based Management System (RLBMS) is an occupational risk management (ORM) model that focuses occupational safety, hygiene, and health (OSHH) resources on the highest risk procedures at work. This article demonstrates the model's simplicity through an implementation within a heavily regulated research institution. The model utilizes control banding strategies with a stratification of four risk levels (RLs) for many commonly-performed maintenance and support activities, characterizing risk consistently for comparable tasks. RLBMS creates an auditable tracking of activities, maximizes OSHH professional field time, and standardizes documentation and control commensurate to a given task's RL. Validation of RLs and their exposure control effectiveness is collected in a traditional quantitative collection regime for regulatory auditing. However, qualitative risk assessment methods are also used within this validation process. Participatory approaches are used throughout the RLBMS process. Workers are involved in all phases of building, maintaining, and improving this model. This worker participation also improves the implementation of established controls.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.18-28. Illus. 39 ref.
Risk_level_based_management_system.pdf [en inglés]
Hon C.K.H., Chan A.P.C., Wong F.K.W.
An analysis for the causes of accidents of repair, maintenance, alteration and addition works in Hong Kong
This study unveils causes of accidents in repair, maintenance, alteration and addition (RMAA) work. RMAA work is playing an increasingly important role in developed societies, including Hong Kong. Safety problems associated with RMAA work in Hong Kong has reached an alarming level. In view of rapid expansion of the RMAA sector and rising proportion of accidents in the construction industry, there is a pressing need to investigate causes of RMAA accidents. Structured interviews were conducted with RMAA contractors to explore causes of accidents in the RMAA sector. A two-round Delphi method with 13 safety experts was subsequently employed to verify the interview findings and rank the relative degree of importance for various causes of accidents. Accidents happen in RMAA work due to an intersection of reasons. One of the root causes of accidents is low safety awareness of RMAA workers; however, wider organizational and industrial factors are not negligible. This study sheds light on why accidents happen in the RMAA sector. Only when the factors leading to accidents are identified can effective measures be made.
Safety Science, Aug. 2010, Vol.48, No.7, p.894-901. 26 ref.
Gómez M.E., Sanchez J.F., Cardona A.M., Pioquinto J.F., Torres P., Sanchez D., Camargo L.M., Castañeda R.A., Villamizar R.H., Cremades L.V.
Health and working conditions in carpenter's workshops in Armenia (Colombia)
A study of the health and working conditions in 10 carpenter's workshops in the municipality of Armenia (Colombia) was conducted. Working conditions of the 177 most exposed workers were examined, and exposure to wood dust and noise, as well as lighting, were measured. The state of health was surveyed using a self-report questionnaire. Results show that personal protection was not used appropriately and that some were inadequate, that half of workshops had below the minimum allowable lighting limit level (500 lux) required, and that the noise level exceeded the permissible maximum limit value (85 dBA) in all the workshops.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.222-230. Illus. 39 ref.
Health_and_working_conditions.pdf [en inglés]
An approach for determining the extent of contribution of construction project features to accident causation
In the pursuit of occupational safety and health (OSH) improvement within the United Kingdom construction industry, several studies have been conducted to identify accident causal factors to enable the development of accident prevention measures. A critique of OSH literature also demonstrates that construction project features (CPFs) such as the nature of project, method of construction, site restriction, project duration, procurement system, design complexity, level of construction and subcontracting contribute to accident causation and that their contribution is through the introduction of proximal accident causal factors into the construction process. However, the extent of this contribution by these CPFs remains sparingly known and requires further investigation. This study puts forth an approach for determining the extent to which CPFs contribute to accident causation.
Safety Science, July 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.687-692. 41 ref.
Annual report of JISHA - 2009
This report describes the organization and functions of the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) and reviews activities during the year 2008-2009. These include: development of programmes relating to risk assessment and OSH management systems; ensuring health and promoting comfortable workplace environments; promoting safety and health education; expansion of the zero-accident campaign; provision of safety and health technical services; international cooperation; assistance to small and medium-size enterprises; safety and health publications; research and surveys; events and campaigns; Japan bioassay research centre.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2010. 43p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_JISHA_2009.pdf [en inglés]
Machida S., Baichoo P., Muchiri F., Brown R., Katula Y., Kadiri S.A., Kiwekete H.M., Kogi K.
Risk assessment at workplaces
Collection of articles on risk assessment at workplaces of relevance to African countries. Contents: risk assessment training in Mauritius; role of the International Chemical Safety Cards in occupational safety and health; risk assessment in Uganda; risk assessment and control in workplaces; basic occupational health services and risk assessment; psychosocial risk assessment - ensuring the well-being of employees; psychosocial risk management - European framework (PRIMA-EF). Other topics: review of new publications on ergonomics in developing countries, healthy workplaces and risks in modern society; conference announcements.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Aug. 2010, Vol.20, No.2, p.27-43 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref
Risk_assessment_at_workplaces.pdf [en inglés]
Brasseur G., Bondéelle A.
Technologies - The "Nano" revolution
Technologies - La révolution "Nano" [en francés]
Contents of this collection of articles on nanotechnologies and nanoparticles: OSH professionals having to cope with uncertainties; inventory of enterprises producing or using nanomaterials in a region of France; safety measures against exposure to nanomaterials implemented in a research laboratory, a producer of carbon nanotubes and an adhesives manufacturer; methodological approach to hazard evaluation; INRS research activities.
Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 2010, No.708, p.20-37. Illus. 8 ref.
Chamoux A., Malaville P.Y.
Occupational cardiovascular diseases
Pathologies cardiovasculaires professionnelles [en francés]
With about two million deaths each year, cardiovascular diseases are highest cause of mortality in the European Union, accounting 42% of all deaths. The nine main cardiovascular risk factors (abnormal blood lipids, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, abdominal obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, insufficient consumption of fruit and vegetables, and insufficient physical activity) allow to predict 90% of the cardiovascular risk. Occupational risk factors include in particular the stress that results from psychological constraints and shift work. This article addresses the risk factors, diagnosis, work capacity, prevention and compensation of occupational cardiovascular diseases. Replaces CIS 99-1173.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, 2nd quarter 2010, No.167, 13p. Illus. 48 ref.
Doixyde de carbone [en francés]
While carbon dioxide (CO2) is harmless at low concentrations, its build-up in confined spaces is highly dangerous. Together with the often concomitant effects of anoxia, it then causes severe poisoning with a high mortality rate. Work in vats during fermentation processes and the sublimation of dry ice are two situations presenting the highest risks. On the other hand, CO2 is devoid of long-term health effects.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, 2nd quarter 2010, No.167, 5p. Illus. 22 ref.
Chouanière D., François M., Guillemy N., Langevin V., Pentecôte A., Ven de Weerdt C., Weibel L., Dornier G., Montagnez A.
Current knowledge concerning occupational stress
Le point des connaissances sur le stress au travail [en francés]
Occupational stress is a problem faced by enterprises of all sizes. 22% of European workers claim to be suffering from health problems caused by occupational stress. This information sheet on occupational stress addresses the following topics: precise definition of occupational stress; factors that give rise to occupational stress; physiological mechanisms involved in the onset of stress; health effects; effects on the productivity of enterprises; how to organize work so as to avoid or limit stress; occupational stress research programmes undertaken by the INRS. Replaces CIS 03-1000.
Travail et sécurité, Mar. 2010, No.704, 4p. Insert. Illus. 7 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/4A7C92097628CD0BC1256DC2002C8CF3/$FILE/ed5021.pdf [en francés]
State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), International Labour Organization (ILO), International Social Security Association (ISSA), International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
The 5th China International Forum on Work Safety - Proceedings
Transliterate Chinese title please [en chino]
Proceedings of a conference on occupational safety held in Beijing, China, from 31 August to 2 September 2010. Papers are grouped under the following headings: new practices and development of OSH; economic policies and investment in work safety; identification of potential risks in metallic and non-metallic underground mines; work safety promotion plans and promotion of new technologies in work safety; gas control in coal mines; disaster prevention, reduction and emergency rescue; risk assessment in mining companies; perfection of laws, regulation and standards in work safety; construction safety; safety evaluation and certification; on-site testing technologies of occupational hazards; corporate safety culture; OSH management in SMEs; new approaches of labor inspection; improvement of research and development capabilities and policies in work safety; technology development and application of personal protection equipments; training and education in work safety; monitoring of major hazards and treatment of hidden hazards.
National Center for International Cooperation on Work Safety, Room 409 Hepingli Beijie, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R. China, 2010. 691p. Illus.
Dichten D., Ellegast R., Rehme G.
GonKatast - A measured value register of occupational knee stress
GonKatast - Ein Messwertkataster zu beruflichen Kniebelastungen [en alemán]
The objective of this study was to develop a task- and occupation-specific registry of musculoskeletal workloads on knees, based on data obtained directly at workplaces by means of a computer-assisted measurement and long-term analysis. The study encompassed individual tasks performed during entire workshifts and involved a total of 530 hours of measurement across 16 tasks and occupations. The register will serve as a useful tool during investigations of individual cases of suspected occupational disease and for the development of suitable prevention measures.
Institut für Arbeisschutz der Deutschen Gesetzlichen Unfallversicherung (IFA), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 2010. 137p. Illus. 96 ref.
http://www.dguv.de/ifa/de/pub/rep/pdf/reports2009/ifar0110/report1_2010.pdf [en alemán]
Code of practice - Man overboard: prevention and response 2010
This code provides general guidance for all commercial fishing vessels in Western Australia on the management of occupational safety and health issues relevant to the prevention of man overboard incidents and the response to such incidents. Topics addressed: hazard identification; risk control; monitoring and review of control measures.
Commission for occupational safety and health, 1260 Hay Street, PO Box 294, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia, 2010. PDF document, 44p. Illus.
http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/worksafe/PDF/Codes_of_Practice/man_overboard1.pdf [en inglés]
Karagiannis G.M, Piatyszek E, Flaus J.M.
Industrial emergency planning modeling: A first step toward a robustness analysis tool
This article presents a model-based approach to the analysis of the robustness of industrial emergency plans, established by the European Union SEVESO II Directive. Robustness is defined in terms of the capacity of the mechanism to respond to deteriorated conditions. The proposed methodology is based upon a systemic, hierarchical and generic model of an internal or external industrial emergency plan, using the fuzzy inference system (FIS) modeling approach. Potential failures are estimated through an a priori analysis of the plan model and an posteriori analysis of lessons learned from exercises and past accidents. Assessment of the plan's functions is carried out via assessment checklists, structured via the systemic model for each of the plan's process. This approach can be used as a toolbox both for the assessment of existing plans and the development of industrial emergency plans.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Sep. 2010, Vol.181, No.1-3, p.324-334. Illus. 29 ref.
Musculoskeletal disorders, disability and work
The aim of this thesis was to examine the role of work in the disability caused by MSD from various perspectives: primary prevention using lifting devices, perception of work-relatedness, measurement of productivity loss, and secondary/tertiary prevention through ergonomic intervention or part-time sick leave. The results support the early use of a bio-psychosocial model for effective management of disability.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2010. 168p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 23.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://epublications.uef.fi/pub/urn_isbn_978-951-802-988-8/urn_isbn_978-951-802-988-8.pdf [en inglés]
Khanzode V.V., Maiti J., Ray P.K., Tewari V.K.
Injury severity assessment for underground coal mine workers
An injury severity model is proposed for assessment of occupational accidents in industrial settings, together with a classification scheme for injuries considering interactions. The model was applied to an underground coal mine in eastern India.
Applied Ergonomics, Mar. 2010, Vol.41, No.2, p.242-250. Illus. 53 ref.
Harding A.H., Frost G.
Health and Safety Executive
The Asbestos Survey - Mortality among asbestos workers 1971-2005
The Asbestos Survey was established to monitor the long-term health of workers covered by regulations to control occupational exposure to asbestos. The aim of this report was to provide an updated analysis of mortality among asbestos workers, to investigate which causes of death were associated with exposure to asbestos and to undertake a more detailed analysis of the stripping/removal workers. From 1971, workers were recruited during initially voluntary and later statutory medical examinations, during which a brief questionnaire was completed. There were 15,496 deaths among the 98,912 workers included in the analysis. All-cause mortality was significantly higher than in the general population. Known associations between asbestos exposure and mortality from lung, peritoneal and pleural cancers, mesothelioma and asbestosis were confirmed, and some evidence of associations with stroke and stomach cancer mortality was observed. Limited evidence suggested that asbestos-related disease risk may be lower among those first exposed in more recent times. Among the removal workers, deaths were elevated for all causes, all cancers including lung cancer, mesothelioma, and circulatory disease. Spending more than 40 hours per week in a stripping enclosure increased the risk of all cause, circulatory disease, and ischaemic heart disease mortality. However the different dust suppression techniques and respirator types did not affect mortality rates.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. xii, 135p. Illus. 100 ref.
The_Asbestos_Survey_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Alcaíno Lara J., eds.
Método ECRES - Evaluación cualitativa del riesgo de exposición à sílice - Planta de áridos y estabilizados
This document shows how to apply the ECRES method for the qualitative evaluation of the risk of exposure to silica applied to the manufacture of ssand and gravel. The method allows the identification of priority areas for action by means of filling-in check lists addressing the following issues: legal aspects; aspects that contribute towards better management; material excavation and removal; transport; primary crushing; sieving; secondary crushing; transfer; material stacking; housekeeping; miscellaneous.
Instituto de Salud Pública de Chile, Departamento Salud Ocupacional y Contaminación Ambiental, av. Marathon 1000, Ñuñoa, Santiago 7780050, Chile, Feb. 2009, 42p. Illus.
Método_ECRES_Planta_de_áridos_y_estabilizados_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en español]
Método ECRES - Evaluación cualitativa del riesgo de exposición a sílice - Laboratorios dentales
This document shows how to apply the ECRES method for the qualitative evaluation of the risk of exposure to silica applied to dental laboratories. The method allows the identification of priority areas for action by means of filling-in check lists addressing the following issues: legal aspects; aspects that contribute towards better management; plaster mould preparation; flasking; housekeeping; miscellaneous.
Instituto de Salud Pública de Chile, Departamento Salud Ocupacional y Contaminación Ambiental, av. Marathon 1000, Ñuñoa, Santiago 7780050, Chile, July 2009, 32p. Illus.
Método_ECRES_Laboratorios_dentales_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en español]
Alcaíno Lara J., eds.
Método ECRES - Evaluación cualitativa del riesgo de exposición a sílice - Fábrica de cerámicas
This document shows how to apply the ECRES method for the qualitative evaluation of the risk of exposure to silica applied to the manufacture of ceramics. The method allows the identification of priority areas for action by means of filling-in check lists addressing the following issues: legal aspects; aspects that contribute towards better management; unloading and storage; grinding and mixing; moulding; polishing; transport; housekeeping; miscellaneous.
Instituto de Salud Pública de Chile, Departamento Salud Ocupacional y Contaminación Ambiental, av. Marathon 1000, Ñuñoa, Santiago 7780050, Chile, July 2009, 43p. Illus.
Método_ECRES_Fábrica_de_cerámicas_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en español]
Alcaíno Lara J., eds.
Método ECRES - Evaluación cualitativa del riesgo de exposición a sílice - Fábrica de baldosas
This document shows how to apply the ECRES method for the qualitative evaluation of the risk of exposure to silica in the manufacture of tiles. The method allows the identification of priority areas for action by means of filling-in check lists addressing the following issues: legal aspects; aspects that contribute towards better management; unloading and storage; material and pigment mixing; moulding; polishing; drying; transport; housekeeping; miscellaneous.
Instituto de Salud Pública de Chile, Departamento Salud Ocupacional y Contaminación Ambiental, av. Marathon 1000, Ñuñoa, Santiago 7780050, Chile, July 2009, 43p. Illus.
Método_ECRES_Fábrica_de_baldosas_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Saw J.L., Wardman M., Wilday J., McGilliveray A., Balmforth H., McManus H., Reston S., Rushton A.
Societal risk: Initial briefing to Societal Risk Technical Advisory Group
The Societal Risk Technical Advisory Group is made up of academic, industry and government specialists who have been asked to advise HSE and departments on policies to address societal risk around onshore non-nuclear major hazard installations. This report captures some of the technical matters relating to societal risk methodology and presents the technical issues which need to be resolved prior to the development and implementation of any system for explicit attention to societal risk in the application of the Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations (COMAH, see CIS 06-515) and land-use planning.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. viii, 63p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Societal_risk_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Stacey N., Simpson K., Schleyer G.
Health and Safety Executive
Integrating risk concepts into undergraduate engineering courses
This report describes a joint project conducted by the Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL) and the University of Liverpool Engineering Department to integrate risk concepts into their undergraduate engineering course. The project defined risk education learning outcomes that can be integrated into an undergraduate engineering curriculum and implementing them by merging new teaching materials (involving real accident case studies) into core engineering modules. The success of the project was evaluated in terms of student's understanding of risk, at different points during their course, and interactions of the project team with academic staff. A questionnaire to ascertain students' understanding of risk was developed to support both development of materials and their evaluation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. x, 29p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Integrating_risk_concepts_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Gürcanli G. E., Müngen U.
An occupational safety risk analysis method at construction sites using fuzzy sets
This article proposes a method for assessment of the risks that workers are exposed to at construction sites, using a fuzzy rule-based safety analysis to deal with uncertain and insufficient data. Using this approach, historical accident data, subjective judgements of experts and the current safety level of a construction site can be combined. Based on the detailed analysis of 5239 construction accidents in Turkey and the subjective judgement of safety experts, three parameters were derived, namely the accident likelihood, current safety level and accident severity. These were used as input parameters for the fuzzy rule-based system. The method was then tested on a tunnelling construction site.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2009, Vol.39, p.371-387. Illus. 35 ref.
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