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  • Labour inspection

1978

CIS 79-892 Mertens A.
Current situation and trends in worker protection
Der Arbeitsschutz und seine Entwicklung [en alemán]
On the occasion of the 125th anniversary of the Labour Inspectorate of the Federal Republic of Germany, the author takes stock of West German occupational safety and health (OSH) organisation and legislation: historical background and current activities of the Labour Inspectorate in the federal system; work of the Federal Ministry of Labour and of the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and Accident Research (BAU); trends in legislation; relations between labour law and worker protection law; drafting of regulations; dualism of OSH regulations and factory inspection; the Technical Supervisory Associations (TÜV); the Machinery Guarding Act; the Act concerning occupational safety and health, plant physicians, safety engineers and safety specialists; the Hazardous Substances Ordinance; the Workplaces Ordinance; the Young Workers Protection Act; the Works Constitution Act (provisions concerning the supervisory functions, rights (especially of co-determination and membership of the works councils); the Administrative Procedure Act; importance of safety regulations; generally recognised technical rules; knowledge acquired through labour studies; exceptions; observance of regulations in practice; humanisation of work; workers' opinion on OSH questions; OSH organisation in the EEC member states. Texts and lists of regulations are appended.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1978. 227p. Illus. Price: DM.35.00.

CIS 79-891 The work of the Labour Inspectorate in 1977
Die Tätigkeit der Arbeitsinspektion im Jahre 1977 [en alemán]
This issue is entirely devoted to the report. Following details of the activity of the Inspectorate (with special reference to occupational accidents and diseases) the report describes some cases of particular interest or severity and suggests preventive measures. List of Austrian regulations and of ILO Conventions pertinent to the activities of the Inspectorate. Organisation and staff plan of the Inspectorate. Numerous statistical tables of factory inspections, notified accidents and inspectors' injunctions.
Amtliche Nachrichten des Bundesministeriums für soziale Verwaltung und des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit und Umweltschutz, 30 Nov. 1978, Vol.34, No.11, p.609-695.

CIS 79-900 Act No.833 of 23 December 1978 - Establishment of a National Health Service
Legge 23 dicembre 1978, n.833. Istituzione del servizio sanitario nazionale [en italiano]
Sections of this Act are effective as from the date of its publication, and the entire Act as from 1 Jan. 1979. The National Health Service it establishes is intended to increase the awareness of Italians regarding health questions, by education, by the prevention of accidents and diseases in everyday life as well as in the occupations, and by diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. It endorses the regionalisation of health policy. The groundwork of the service is composed of basic local health units (one per 50,000 - 200,000 inhabitants) whose job is to detect and monitor health hazards in the general and working environments. A Higher Institute of Health, attached to the Ministry of Health, is established as the technical and scientific organ of the health service. This body will replace the National Accident Prevention Institute (Ente nazionale per la prevenzione degli infortuni - ENPI) and the National Association for the Control of Combustion (Associazione nazionale per il controllo della combustione - ANCC). A sole set of regulations, to be issued under the Act, will cover the field of working conditions and production, with a view to the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases, including the approval of hazardous substances and equipment.
Gazzetta ufficiale, supplemento ordinario n.360, p.3-48.

CIS 79-888 The National Board of Occupational Safety and Health and the Labour Inspectorate in 1977 - Report of activities
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen och Yrkesinspektionen - Verksamhetsberättelse [en sueco]
This report contains communications on: late awakening of the Welfare State (Danielson G.) - a commentary on reformative legislative developments in the field of occupational safety and health (CIS 79-296); activities of the factory inspection department and recent directives (Westlin A.); 140 research projects undertaken in the occupational medicine department (Lundgren N.) covering chemical and physical hazards, and training of research workers; role of the Labour Inspectorate in the improvement of the working environment (von Kraemer C.G.); approval tests by the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Lindh G.); establishment of TLVs (Holmberg B.). Lists of directives, research results and reports published in 1977, statistical data on inspection activities, and administrative organigrams are appended.
ADI 120, Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Fack, 100 26 Stockholm, Sweden, 1978. 45p. Illus. Gratis.

CIS 79-887 Health and safety - Manufacturing and service industries 1977.
The total number of accidents reported in 1977 in all industries covered by the Factories Act was 244,436, with 357 fatalities, a record low total for this century (382 in 1976, 427 in 1975). Contents of the report: statistical tables; impact of safety policies and their implementation (joint management/worker initiatives, safety representatives, etc.); major incidents and incidents attracting publicity (hazards from gases; transport of hazardous materials; asbestos); plant and process hazards (flammable liquids, dusts, solids, gases, exothermic reactions, welding and cutting of plant, tanks and vessels); mechanical and electrical hazards (machine safety, glass-bottle manufacturing accidents); occupational hygiene (microbiological hazards, major hazard appraisal, textile dyestripping, carcinogenic substances survey, new developments in respirator design); national industry groups (health service, research establishments, rubber, paper and board, printing, docks, construction industry, food industry, plastics, footwear, leather, engineering, foundries, steelmaking, wire, rope, and cable-making, chemical industry, shipbuilding and ship-repairing, brewing, distilling, drink industries). The report of HM Explosives Inspectorate is appended.
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 84p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: £2.75.

CIS 79-886 Health and Safety Commission Report 1977-1978.
Report of the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, covering the period 1977-1978 (previous report: CIS 78-290). An introductory part concerning advisory committees, safety representatives and safety committees, is followed by sections devoted to: information and research (communications, statistics, hazard analysis); review of legislation, packaging and labelling, pressurised systems, lifting gear, freight containers, safety signs, audiometry, lighting, mining, homeworkers, etc.. The 2nd part contains the report of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE): research policy and topics; collection of information (notification of toxic properties of substances and of potentially hazardous installations; the Safety and Health Information - Established Linked Data (SHIELD), a computer project designed for replacing clerical work; storage and retrieval of information; Government data bank network; methodology for occupational mortality studies); communications; inspection and enforcement (factories, explosives, railways, mines and quarries, nuclear installations, agriculture); EMAS (Employment Medical Advisory Service). Appendices: HSC plan of work 1978-83; HSC/HSE publications; statistics, etc.
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 54p. 170 ref. Price: £2.00.

CIS 79-565 Order concerning in-plant medical services and occupational hygiene inspections of 11 January 1978
Verordnung über das Betriebsgesundheitswesen und die Arbeitshygieneinspektion von 11. Januar 1978 [en alemán]
This Order (effective 1 Feb. 1978) lays down the status, duties and organisation of in-plant health service facilities and occupational hygiene inspection activities, and the rights and obligations of those responsible for them.
Gesetzblatt der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 3 Feb. 1978, Vol.1, No.4, p.61-66.

CIS 79-291 Annual report of the Labour Inspectorate, 1977
Årsmelding fra Arbeidstilsynet 1977 [en noruego]
This report, containing many statistical tables, gives an overall picture of the activity of the Norwegian Directorate of Labour Inspection in 1977: competence and organisation of this body; statistical data on inspections carried out, inspectors' injunctions, etc.; publication of safety rules and directives under the Act concerning occupational safety and health and working environment (CIS 78-296); work of the legal, medical and technical departments (including pressure vessel inspection); safety information and safety campaigns; international cooperation; representation on committees and other bodies etc.
Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet), Postboks 8103 Dep., Oslo 1, Norway, 1978. 40p.

CIS 79-29 Reuter M.
Report on the state and development trends of German and Western European regulations on pressure vessels and inspection practices
Rapport sur l'état et les tendances de développement de la réglementation allemande et de celle de l'Europe de l'Ouest sur les appareils à pression et la pratique des contrôles. [en francés]
The various economic, legal, political and psychological problems facing international commerce in pressure vessels are pointed out. Inspection measures based on reciprocal agreements and European Economic Community directives concerning bilateral agreements between national inspection bodies are described; this standardising action will be complemented by further directives at present under study concerning steel and weldless aluminium cylinders, welded steel cylinders and pressure vessels of simple construction. The basic EEC directive on pressure vessels presents practical problems due to the diversity of national regulations, inadequate inspection, language difficulties, etc. The European Symposium of Independent Inspection Organisations (CEOC) could serve as a model or centralising agency. Difficulties of application of the German (Fed.Rep.) provisions in the EEC regulations framework are discussed.
APAVE, July-Aug.-Sept. 1978, Vol.59, No.203, p.39-50. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 79-203 Health and Safety - Mines and Quarries 1977, and Scottish District 1976.
1977 was free from major incidents, and accident figures and incidence rates for coal mines were the lowest since mid-19th century. 54 persons were killed and 599 seriously injured in mines and quarries, compared with 74 and 627 respectively in 1976, an overall reduction of 6.8% and a reduction of 27% in fatal accidents. In coal mines 40 persons were killed and 501 seriously injured, compared with 50 and 535 in 1976. Total accidents fell from 1.12 per 100,000 manshifts in 1976 to 1.04 in 1977. In mines other than coal, 2 persons were killed and 16 seriously injured (8 and 20 in 1976), a reduction of 36% in total accidents. In quarries 12 persons were killed and 82 seriously injured (16 and 72 in 1976), an increase of 7%. Detailed statistics are given. The report contains sections on coal, stratified ironstone, shale, fireclay and miscellaneous mines, and quarries. Typical causes of surface, underground and quarry accidents are illustrated. The Scottish District report, 1976, contains corresponding information.
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 2 brochures, 1978, 51p.; 1977, 45p. Illus. Price: £2.25 and £1.50.

CIS 78-2095
General Directorate of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Voorburg, Mar. 1978.
Annual Report of the Netherlands Labour Inspectorate for 1976
Jaarverslag Arbeidsinspectie, 1976 [en holandés]
Contents: Inspectorate staff; activities (administration, education and training); computerisation of administrative work; drafting of regulations; hours of work (bakeries, overtime, etc.); employment of children in television advertising, etc.; occupational safety and health (industry, agriculture and forestry, commerce and public services, inland waterway shipping, nuclear energy, machinery and apparatus); activites in the field of occupational medicine and hygiene; workpost improvement; international contacts; works councils; hazardous substances; protection of the general public, etc. Statistical tables concerning workplace inspection activities are appended.
Ministerie van Sociale Zaken, Afd. Voorlichting, Den Haag, Netherlands, 1978. 131p. Illus.

CIS 78-1813 Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1976
Jaarverslag inspectie van de havenarbeid - 1976 [en holandés]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and social welfare. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving lifting equipment, bulldozers, fork lift trucks, belt conveyors, slinging and lifting cargo; containers, fires, hatches, stairways and ladders, unsafe work methods, gases and vapours, hazardous substances, ergonomic aspects).
Ministry of Social Affairs (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken), Den Haag. Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, Mar. 1978. 55p. Illus.

CIS 78-2093 2nd Congress - IALI - Record of proceedings
2e Congrès -AIIT - Compte rendu. [en francés]
The following broad themes were discussed at this Congress held in the ILO building (Geneva, 15-17 June 1977): selection of priority objectives for action by labour inspectorates in the field of occupational safety and health (criteria for selection, compilation and interpretation of statistics as a basis for selection of objectives, implementation of a policy of priority objectives); methods for the analysis of causes of occupational accidents and diseases.
International Association of Labour Inspection, Permanent Secretariat, 66 rue de Mouzaïa, 75935 Paris Cedex 19, France, 1978. 92p.

CIS 78-1493 Health and Safety: Agriculture - 1976.
Report on the work of the Agricultural Health and Safety Inspectorate, 1976: the new Agriculture Industry Advisory Committee; publicity; international relations; accidents (108 fatal accidents on farms in 1976; 101 in 1975; overturning tractors remains the largest single factor); enforcement; farm machinery (liaison with manufacturers); hazards (coupling machinery and trailers to tractors; trailer brakes; hedge-cutting machines; meal-mixing machines; trench digging, etc.); mandatory equipment of tractors with safety cabs or frames; harmful substances (regulations; storage of chemicals and containers; labelling of pesticide containers; aerial spraying; fumigation; gases; caustic soda treatment of straw, etc.); other hazards (livestock, brucellosis, dust, electricity, slurry pits, straw burning, silos). Appendices: tables of occupational accidents in agriculture (1976) with breakdown by type of accident (self-propelled machines, fall, drowning, animals, etc.); fatal accidents to young persons on farms, 1972-1976 (recommendation to raise the minimum age for young persons to drive tractors); fatal accidents, 1972-1976.
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 20p. Illus. Price: £1.00.

CIS 78-1492 Health and safety - Manufacturing and service industries 1976.
This report deals with almost the whole field of activity of H.M. Factory Inspectorate (excluding the construction industry). Contents relating to occupational safety and health: accident experience 1972-1976; the impact of safety policies and their implementation; trade union involvement with safety and health at work; management training and involvement; activities newly brought within the scope of protective legislation by the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974; occupational health (carcinogens, toxic metals, arsine, chlorine, isocyanates, asbestos, cotton and allied fibres, silica and other dusts, noise and vibration); foundries (machinery guarding, diecasting, molten metal explosions, occupational health); plant and process hazards; mechanical and electrical hazards; lifting equipment, materials handling, working platforms; reports of the Railway and Explosives Inspectorates. Appendices: accident statistics for 1972-1976, prosecutions in 1976, etc.
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 80p. Illus. Price: £2.50.

CIS 78-1491 The construction industry - Health and safety 1976.
This report of the Chief Inspector, H.M. Factory Inspectorate, contains sections devoted to: historical perspectives; accidents in 1976 (fatal accidents fell from 181 in 1975 to 154 in 1976, a reduction of 15%, in all construction and civil engineering sectors, but decreased by only 2 - 119 (1975) to 117 (1976) - in building operations; total accidents increased slightly from 34,161 (1975) to 34,611 (1976); incidence rates by severity of injury (manufacturing and construction industries compared, period 1972-1976), are shown in tabular form. Other sections are devoted to: falls of persons or materials; ladders; working platforms, gangways, runs and scaffolding; roof work; excavations (recent history of accidents); tunnelling; transport; entry into confined spaces; diving and underwater working; electrical accidents; cranes, lifting appliances and other mechanical handling devices; role of industry and trade unions; accident prevention and training (of management, safety officers and workers). Appendices: addresses of local Health and Safety Executive offices for the construction industry; statistical tables for 1976 (reported accidents in construction processes by type of accident; fatal accidents in building operations and civil engineering, by type of accident; in-depth analysis of falls of persons, and of materials; electrical accidents).
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 41p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: £0.90.

CIS 78-1490 Health and safety: Nuclear establishments - 1975-76.
First report of H.M. Nuclear Installations Inspectorate, covering the period 1975-1976. Chapters are devoted, inter alia, to: organisation of the Nuclear Safety Advisory Committee; basic safety policy; siting and control of development around nuclear installations; safety assessment and inspection of licensed installations; criteria for safety assessment of nuclear power plants; extramural work and consultancies; international liaison; standards and codes of practice; magnox reactors; advanced gas-cooled reactors; steam generating heavy water moderated reactors; fast reactors; light water reactors; nuclear merchant ships; fuel manufacturing and reprocessing plants; radioisotope manufacturing plants, etc.; exposure of workers to ionising radiations. Appendices: regulatory requirements; number of establishments of various types using ionising radiations; organisation of the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate.
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 28p. Illus. Price: £1.15.

CIS 78-1191
Health and Safety Executive, London.
Health and safety - Manufacturing and service industries 1976.
The total number of accidents reported in 1976 in all industries covered by the Factories Act was 241,685, with 382 fatalities, a significant reduction compared with the 1975 figures (427). Fatal and severe accident rates are shown. Sections of the report are devoted to: impact of safety policies and their implementation; trade union involvement in safety and health at work; management training and management involvement; occupations which received no protection under previous health and safey legislation; launderettes (hazards, new legal responsibilities, etc.); carcinogens, toxic metals, arsine, chlorine, isocyanates, asbestos, cotton and allied fibres, silica, other dusts, noise, vibration, etc.; foundries; LPGs, flammable liquids, solids and dusts, boiler explosions, pressurised systems, etc.; mechanical and electrical hazards; hoists and lifts, fork lift trucks, cranes, straddle carriers, working platforms, storage racking, etc. Reports of the Railway Inspectorate and HM Explosives Inspectorate are appended.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 80p. Illus. Price: £2.50.

1977

CIS 81-589 Act of 23 November 1977 relating to the revision of the Safety Act 1934
Wet van 23 november 1977 tot wijziging van de veiligheidswet 1934 [en holandés]
This Act amends the Safety Act 1934 by adding sections making it mandatory for plant managers to submit periodic safety reports. The Act applies to plants where toxic or dangerous substances are used or handled, or where there are special hazards of fires or explosions, and stipulates the authority to whom the report should be submitted (regional medical officer of health, fire service, labour inspectorate, boiler inspection service, authorities competent to grant licences under the Nuisance Act, authorities drawing up municipal or regional disaster plans). English translation available from Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands.
Staatsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, 1977, No.689. 5p.

CIS 78-1190 Annual report for 1975 by the Division of Labour Inspection.
Annual report for 1975 by the Division of Labour Inspection [en hebreo]
After a brief report on amendments to relevant laws and regulations, and the announcement of an official standard on bolt guns, statistics are provided on: the labour inspectorate and staff; workplaces and employed; inspection visits; environmental laboratory tests; special permits; legal prosecutions; safety orders; fines imposed; accidents by sector; fatal accidents. The general decline in the figures between 1972 and 1974 (or 1975) appeared to be due to the fact that large numbers of workers served as reservists in the latter years.
Labour and National Insurance, 15 Nov. 1977, Vol.29, No.11, p.355-363.

CIS 78-857 Brown P.M., Souter R.V.
Health and safety in hospital laboratories.
This paper is a report of a joint inspection of a group of hospital laboratories carried out by the Employment Medical Advisory Service (EMAS) and the Factory Inspectorate. Deficiencies were found which would not have been acceptable by the standards applying to factories. Aspects giving rise to concern included: ventilation, cleanliness, illumination, storage of chemical and highly flammable liquids, fire provisions, and safe operation of autoclaves, centrifuges and other appliances. The infective hepatitis hazard is discussed.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Oct. 1977, Vol.27, No.4, p.148-150. 15 ref.

CIS 78-893
Health and Safety Executive, London.
All in a day's work.
This film shows the daily routine of a factory inspector: arranging the day; checking mail; regular and follow-up calls on factories; appearance in a court case; emergency call.
16mm colour film, 26min. Central Film library, Government Building, Bromyard Avenue, London W3 7JB, United Kingdom, 1977. Price: £120.00 plus VAT.

CIS 78-593 The work of the Labour Inspectorate in 1976
Die Tätigkeit der Arbeitsinspektion im Jahre 1976 [en alemán]
This issue is entirely devoted to the report. Following details of the activity of the Inspectorate (with special reference to occupational accidents and diseases) the report describes some cases of particular interest or severity and suggests preventive measures. Numerous statistical tables of factory inspections, notified accidents and inspectors' injunctions. List of Austrian regulations and of ILO Conventions pertinent to the activities of the Inspectorate. Organisation and staff plan of the Inspectorate.
Amtliche Nachrichten des Bundesministeriums für soziale Verwaltung und des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit und Umweltschutz, 18 Nov. 1977, Vol.33, No.11, p.829-915.

CIS 78-492 Collins R.L., Wolfe R.S.
Tests of plastic plano safety spectacles.
Compliance tests of 17 models of non-corrective safety spectacles are described: tests included lens and frame impact, luminous transmittance, flammability, refractive power, frame flat and edge transverse stability, corrosion and disinfectant resistance, water absorption, and design requirements. Specifications used are those of the American National Standards Institute Z87.1; all models complied with the standards.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.78-108, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Nov. 1977. 17p. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 78-490 Smoot D.M., Smith D.L., Schehl T.A.
Development of improved respirator cartridge and canister test methods.
A literature survey of adsorption capacity data for charcoal (equations of Bohart-Adams, Mecklenburg, Klotz, Danby, Sillén, Wheeler, van Dongen, Nelson; effects of moisture; solvent mixtures), is followed by a summary of laboratory tests conducted under this project, which consists of a proposed test method for organic vapour respirator sorbents. Recommendations are made for further research required to complete development of an improved test method for organic vapour respirator sorbents. An improved cartridge certification programme is proposed, based on estimated service lives of reusable cartridges against 80 selected organic vapours (presented in tabular form). The detailed test procedure is appended.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.77-209, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, July 1977. 70p. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 78-8 Inspection of cranes and other lifting equipment
Besiktning av kranar och vissa andra lyftanordningar [en sueco]
These directives (entry into force: 1 Oct. 1977) apply to fixed and mobile cranes (including derricks, cableway transporters, floating cranes and stacking cranes), mobile platforms and suspended cradles. They prescribe the conditions for, and scope of, the inspections required before such equipment can be put into service, periodic inspections (generally once a year) and inspections following dismantling, transport and erection.
Meddelanden 1977:13, National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen), Fack, 100 26 Stockholm 34, Sweden, 15 June 1977. 8p. Gratis.

CIS 78-291 Mertens A.
Council of workers' delegates and labour inspection
Betriebsrat und Gewerbeaufsicht [en alemán]
Commentary on the functions and competences of councils of workers' delegates in respect of occupational safety and health (OSH) as laid down by the Works Constitution Act of 1972 (Fed.Rep. of Germany). Workers' delegates must see that safety instructions are observed and assist labour inspectors. Inspectors must consult workers' delegates during inspections, accident inquiries and discussions concerning OSH. Functions of the delegates' council studied in the article: requests to management to adopt safety measures, right to participate, obligation to assist the competent authority in OSH matters, right to obtain information from management and authorities, right to assist labour inspectors.
Arbeitsschutz, Jan. 1977, Vol.1, p.3-9. 12 ref.

CIS 78-290
Health and Safety Executive, London.
Health and Safety Commission Report 1974-76.
This is the first report of the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (CIS 74-2099), covering the period 1974-1976. An introductory part concerning early objectives, repeals and amendments of the 1974 Act and legislation implementing European Community Directives is followed by sections devoted to: enforcement duties; prosecutions and penalties; protection of home workers; inquiries; fire precautions; ongoing problems (asbestos, construction industry, dust, genetic manipulation, ionising radiation, lead, noise, vinyl chloride); development of policy (consultation, written safety policies, employee information, safety representatives and safety committees, occupational health and safety statistics, industrial visits); promotion of positive attitudes; information and research (data base system, hazard analysis, information dissemination, studies of employees not previously protected by legislation, etc.). Annexes: Constitution and broad outline of the HSC's duties; Health and Safety Executive Director General's report to HSC (information, research and laboratory services; work of the factories, explosives and mines and quarries inspectorates; radiological protection; work of the Employment Medical Advisory Service, etc.).
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom. 51p. 170 ref. Price: £2.00.

CIS 77-2052 Inspection of access ramps and elevating platforms on car ferries and roll-on-roll-off ships
Ajosiltojen ja nostolavojen (lavahissien) tarkastuksen autolautoilla ja Ro-Ro-aluksilla [en finlandés]
Besiktning av körramper och lyftbord (flakhissar) ombord på bilfärjor och Ro-Ro-fartyg [en sueco]
This circular makes provision for mandatory annual inspections of access ramps and platforms on car ferries and roll-on-roll-off ships. This equipment must be designed to offer maximum safety and stability for vehicles using it, or being lifted or lowered by it. The circular specifies safety factors for all supporting elements (including wire ropes), maximum operational loads and testing loads.
Kiertokirje 4/77, National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Työsuojeluhallitus), Tampere, Finland, 20 Apr. 1977. 2p.

CIS 77-1793 Labour Inspectorate 1976
Arbejdstilsynet 1976 [en danés]
Contents: commentary by the Ministry of Labour on the new Danish Working Environment Act; interviews with workers on working environment questions (cleaning of buildings, piece work, future trends and perspectives); role of the proposed Institute for Workplace Environment Research; health hazards; workpost psychological factors, etc.; plant inspection (national and regional activities); staff list; occupational accident statistics (breakdown by industry for 1975; trends during the period 1973-1976; accident agency (material causes) for 1975; breakdown by age group; accidents with knives in abattoirs, with breakdown by time of day); litigation; new cases of occupational diseases; statistics of boiler inspection, etc.
Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for arbejdstilsynet), Rosenvængets Allé 16-18, 2100 København, Denmark, May 1977. 133p. Illus.

CIS 77-1507
Ministry of Social Affairs (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken), Den Haag.
Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1974-75
Jaarsverslag inspectie van de havenarbeid - 1974-1975 [en holandés]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and social welfare. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving lifting equipment, fork lift trucks, belt conveyors, slinging and lifting cargo, hatches, stairways and ladders, unsafe work methods, hazardous substances, etc.).
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-General van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, July 1977. 68p. Illus.

CIS 77-1498
Health and Safety Executive, London.
Health and safety - Industry and services 1975.
This report is produced from now on by the Health and Safety Executive, and incorporates the annual reports of H.M. Inspectorate of Railways and H.M. Inspector of Explosives. In 1975 there were 243,140 reported accidents (34,166 in construction processes). These included 427 fatalities (181 in construction processes). The figures for 1974 were 256,930 accidents (32,656 construction) including 479 fatalities (161 construction). There were 231 fatalities in factory processes (290 in 1974). The report gives in tabular form the number of fatal accidents (1971-1975) in the manufacturing industry, construction industry and docks and warehouses (breakdown within each industry by cause of accident). A section on trade union activity, and an appraisal of the scope and enforcement of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (especially worker training and supervision, and safety policies). Main sections of the report: occupational health (asbestos; vinyl chloride; coking ovens; mineral oil; toxic metals; etc.); work in confined spaces; service industries; etc.; industrial hazards (the Flixborough explosion, etc); mechanical and electrical hazards; railway accidents; transport of explosives; etc.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1977. 92p. Illus. 48 ref. Price: £2.00.

CIS 77-1408 Campbell D.L., Collins R.L.
Tests of glass plano safety spectacles.
Compliance tests of 22 models of safety spectacles are described; tests included lens and frame impact, luminous transmittance, flammability, refractive power, frame flat and edge transverse stability, corrosion and disinfectant resistance, and design requirements. Specifications used are those of the American National Standards Institute Z87.1. Very few areas of non-compliance were noted.
HEW Publication No.(NIOSH)77-136, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Feb. 1977. 19p. 10 ref.

CIS 77-933 Inspection and maintenance of mechanical power presses.
Only the more common maintenance problems are covered by this data sheet: generalities; locking out and zero energy state procedures; inspection checklist (frame, drive mechanism, ram or slide, part revolution and full revolution clutch presses).
National Safety News, Data Sheet 603, Revision A (Extensive), National Safety Council, 425 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, 1977. Chicago, USA, Feb. 1977, Vol.115, No.2, p.63-67. Illus.

1976

CIS 78-907 Perazzi F., Perazzi M.
Tension and flexion in mobile crane structures - Testing procedures
Le strutture pressoinflesse delle autogrù - Procedimenti di verifica - Considerazioni [en italiano]
The case of a girder hinged at its ends, with a load at the point and a uniformly distributed transverse load, is examined. Calculations follow for the testing of structures used in mobile cranes, employing the exact formula, an approximate one, and the formulae given in a German and an Italian standard; the results are compared.
Securitas, Nov.-Dec. 1976, Vol.61, No.11-12, p.485-495. 4 ref.

CIS 78-38 Bolt guns - Requirements and compliance testing
Attrezzi fissachiodi - Requisiti e norme di collaudo [en italiano]
Aspects dealt with: classification (direct- or indirect-acting); general requirements (design, materials, casing, barrel, firing mechanism, safety mechanism, handle, muzzle guard, finish, marking, spare parts, accessories, instruction manual, carrying case); bolts; cartridges; testing (blueprint conformity, dimensions, bolts, hardness, bending strength, diameter, cartridge, uniformity of load; tests: simulated operation, safety mechanism, effective operation, overpressure leakage, bolt velocity, muzzle guard); exceptions.
Securitas, Jan.-Feb. 1976, Vol.61, No.1-2, p.63-66. Illus.

CIS 77-1506 Directives for the design and inspection of electrically-operated overhead travelling cranes and similar equipment
Anvisningar om utförande och kontroll av eldrivna traverskranar och liknande kranar [en sueco]
These directives (entry into force: 1 Jan. 1977) lay down that electrically-driven overhead travelling cranes should be designed and equipped in conformity with Swedish Standard IKH 6.31.06, and specifiy inspection procedures (compliance tests, inspections, periodic checks, maintenance and repairs). The text of Swedish Standards IKH 8.00.03 (testing of lifting equipment) and IKH 8.00.04 (periodic checks of lifting equipment) is appended.
Anvisningar nr 113, National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen), Fack, 100 26 Stockholm 34, Sweden, Nov. 1976. 12p. Price: Swe-cr.5.25.

CIS 77-1497 The activities of the Board of Occupational Safety and Health and the Labour Inspectorate in 1975
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen och Yrkesinspektionen -Verksamhetsberättelse 1975 [en sueco]
During 1975 the Board issued through its Supervision Department, in addition to 36 notices on various subjets, directives concerning: safety in shipyards, asbestos, scaffolding, enzymes and pneumatic fastening tools. The Department assisted in drawing up standards, inspected and approved machinery, continued its silicosis observation project and trained labour inspection personnel. The Occupational Health Department research, training and consultation covered chemical and physical hazards, ergonomics and work psychology. The Labour Inspectorate participated in over 50,000 consulations, gave over 4,000 lectures, visited 43,000 of the 80,000 registered workplaces (2.3 million employees). The municipal inspectors visited 68,000 out of 100,000 small workplaces (employing a total of 300,000 workers). English summary and captions for 6 tables.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Fack, 100 26 Stockholm, Sweden, Jan. 1977. 85p. 142 ref.

CIS 77-1496 Annual report of the Labour Inspectorate, 1975
Årsmelding fra Arbeidstilsynet 1975 [en noruego]
This report, containing many statistical tables, gives an overall picture of the Norwegian Directorate of Labour Inspection in 1975: competence and organisation of this body; statistical data on inspections carried out, inspectors' injunctions, etc.; drafting of legislation; publication of safety rules and directives; work of the legal, medical and technical departments; safety information and safety campaigns; international cooperation; representation on committees and other bodies, etc.
Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet), Postboks 8103, Dep., Oslo 1, Norway, 1976. 28p.

CIS 77-1013 Microwave ovens - Compliance tests and control of radiation leakage
Mikrovågsugnar - Typgodkännande och kontroll med avseende på mikrovågsläckage [en sueco]
These directives (entry into force: 1 July 1976) set out rules for the detection of stray electromagnetic radiation during compliance testing of microwave ovens. Measurement of microwave radiation must be done with the oven both open and closed. Leakage should not exceed 20W/m2 (or 2mW/cm2) at less than 5cm from the oven. Employers must periodically check microwave ovens at the workplace for stray radiation.
Meddelanden 1976:10, National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen), Fack, 100 26 Stockholm 34, Sweden, 8 Apr. 1976. 4p. Gratis.

CIS 77-1194 The work of the Labour Inspectorate in 1975
Die Tätigkeit der Arbeitsinspektion im Jahre 1975 [en alemán]
Following details of the organisation and activity of the Inspectorate and a review of occupational accidents and diseases occurring in 1975, the general report (Part A) describes some cases of particular interest or severity, and suggests preventive measures. List of principal Austrian regulations, statistical tables of factory inspections, notified accidents and diseases, inspectors' injuctions. Part B contains individual reports on the following subjects: poisoning hazard from blast furnace gases; work on live high voltage lines; storage of goods on high-level racks; occupational safety and health problems in hospitals.
Verlag des Zentral-Arbeitsinspektorates, Stubenring 1, Wien I, Austria, 1976. 134p. Illus.

CIS 77-1109 Safety footwear
Chaussures de sécurité. [en francés]
Specifications for granting of a Building Safety Board (Office Bâtiment Sécurité: OBS) label to manufacturers of safety footwear, generally ankle length, for the construction industry. Points covered: required characteristics, and testing and measurement method for puncture-proof soles and toecaps; characteristics of outsole; ankle protection; resistance to water and steam; label inscription.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, Sep.-Oct. 1976, No.5, p.242-249. Illus.

CIS 77-1105 Cook W.I.
A report on the performance of firefighters' helmets.
Samples of 8 models of helmet were evaluated for conformity to ANSI standard Z89.1-1969. Tests included weight, penetration, impact, water absorption, insulation resistance and flammability. Recmmendations are made concerning quality control, impact testing after heat conditioning and definitions of the standards.
DHEW Publication No.(NIOSH)77-114, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, July 1976. 34p. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 77-926 Kleronomos C.C.
Electrical hazard detection and OSHAct compliance.
In the United States, the great majority of violations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1970 relate to electrical equipment. This article reviews the situation and sets out some basic rules, showing the points that have to be tested for and the necessary equipment. The importance of earthing with respect to high-current faults and low-current faults (leakage current) is discussed and illustrated, and the requirements for testing instruments, above all neon electrical outlet testers (testing for continuity of earth, measurement of voltage, resistance of earth conductor, leakage current) and their limitations pointed out. Tables show the minimum threshold currents for various physiological responses and the articles and sections of the U.S. National Electrical Code concerning earthing.
National Safety News, Sep. 1976, Vol.114, No.3, p.68-72. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 77-868 Lecerf P.
Institutions for safety supervision
Les organismes de contrôle de sécurité. [en francés]
This article outlines the scope of activity and gives details of the location and organisation of the principal French institutions for occupational safety and health (OSH) supervision: Centre for Occupational Safety and Health Studies (CEP) (technical safety inspection; industrial safety supervision; inspection of buildings and other constructions; vocational training; international activities); French Manufacturers' Association (AIF) and French Manufacturers' Association (service industries) (AIF-Services) (safety inspections, technical inspections, training); Association of Owners of Steam and Electrical Plant (APAVE) (statutory supervision of pressure vessels (steam, gas) and electrical installations; prevention of occupational accidents and fires; recurrent training; environment); French Inter-occupational Association (AINF) (services dealing with: applied psychology, OSH in general, ionising radiation, fire prevention; electrical and thermal services; service for lifts and lifting equipment; training and advisory department); National Institute for Applied Chemical Research (IRCHA) (chemicals; water, atmospheric pollution); Corporative Society for Worksite Safety and Health (SCHSC) (hygiene, lighting, OSH publications, distribution of safety equipment).
Revue de la protection, Sep. 1976, No.199, p.29-45. Illus.

CIS 77-448 Fregert S., Gruvberger B.
Chromate dermatitis from zinc chromate used for marking textiles.
Short communication of a case of a woman working in a furniture upholsterers, who presented eczema of the face. She was found to have a positive reaction to chromium. She worked with a machine transferring a yellow dye containing 20% zinc chromate onto the material. The eczema disappeared when she worked only with fabrics.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1976, Vol.2, No.2, p.124.

CIS 77-25 NFPA inspection manual.
A comprehensive book covering all aspects of inspection work done for fire protection by property owners, fire departments, insurance companies, central managements and government agencies. Contents: inspection procedure; organisation of fire loss prevention and self-inspection; inspection organisations; approval and standards; housekeeping; storage; domestic and commercial heating equipment, gas applicances and oil burning appliances; chimneys and venting systems; industrial and commercial heat utilisation equipment; electricity; flammable and combustible liquids; gas hazards; explosive dusts and combustible fibres; chemicals, explosives and miscellaneous hazards; finishing processes; welding and cutting; spontaneous heating; life safety and exits; building types; interior finish, decorations; limitation of fire spread; fire doors and windows; air conditioning, ventilating and exhaust systems; roofs; fire extinguishers; guards, detection, supervisory and alarm systems; sprinkler equipment; standpipes and special extinguishing systems; water supplies for private protection; tanks; fire pumps public fire departments. New subjects covered by this 4th edition include storage facilities and industrial and commercial heat utilisation equipment.
National Fire Protection Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02210, USA, 4th edition, 1976. 398p. Illus. Price: US-$12.50.

CIS 77-285 Annual Report of the Netherlands Labour Inspectorate for 1974 and 1975
Jaarverslag Arbeidsinspectie, 1974 en 1975 [en holandés]
Contents: Inspectorate staff; activities (administration, education and training); computerisation of administrative work; drafting of regulations; hours of work; conditions of work of young persons; occupational safety and health (industry, agriculture and forestry, commerce and public services, inland waterway shipping, nuclear energy, machinery and apparatus); activities in the field of occupational medicine and hygiene; workpost improvement; international contracts; works councils; protection of the general public, etc. Statistical tables concerning workplace inspection activities are appended.
General Directorate of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Voorburg, Nov. 1976. Ministerie van Sociale Zaken, Afd. Voorlichting, Den Haag, Netherlands. 146p. Illus.

CIS 77-1 Pütz M., Strübing H.
Safety inspection of fork lift trucks
Sicherheitstechnische Überprüfung von Gabelstaplern [en alemán]
Results of inspections of 500 fork lift trucks at 177 plants are discussed. 337 vehicles presented faults, a finding that did not depend on regular maintenance. Some 20% of the drivers had no special training, and half of them had no driver's licence. The mast-frame dimensions made visibility poor in most cases. Better training and information of drivers and maintenance personnel, and constructional improvement of visibility as an accident prevention measure are called for.
TÜ, Feb. 1976, Vol.17, No.2, p.44-49. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 76-1204
Commission of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
Commission Directive of 13 April 1976 adapting to technical progress the Council Directive of 19 November 1973 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the certification and marking of wire-ropes, chains and hooks.
Directive de la Commission, du 13 avril 1976, portant adaptation au progrès technique de la directive du Conseil, du 19 novembre 1973, concernant le rapprochement des législations des Etats membres relatives à l'attestation et au marquage des câbles, chaînes et crochets. [en francés]
The preamble to this directive states that technical progress has made possible the simplification of the necessary information for the marking of wire ropes, chains and hooks. General provisions on the marking of wire ropes, chains and hooks; provisions concerning certificates for wire ropes, round steel chains, and hooks (manufacture, characteristics, loads, types of heat treatment, tests, etc.). Repealed from 31 Dec. 1994.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, B.P. 1003, Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 8 May 1976, Vol.19, No.L 122, p.20-23.

1975

CIS 77-71 Notification of work with asbestos
Anmälan om arbete med asbest [en sueco]
Swedish directive No.52, concerning health hazards due to asbestos dust, requires employers to notify the National Swedish Board of Occupational Safety and Health of all projects and operations involving the handling, use or processing of asbestos or material containing asbestos. In case of doubt as to whether the employer has complied with this statutory obligation, it is the plant safety offier's duty to make the necessary notification to the Board, informming the employer of the action taken. A model statutory declaration form indicating number of exposed workers, type of operation and type of material used is appended.
Meddelanden 1975:24, National Swedish Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Kungliga Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen), Fack, 100 26 Stockholm 34, Sweden, 17 Oct. 1975. 2p. Gratis.

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