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Central Coordinating Committee, National Sickness Insurance Fund (Comité central de coordination, Caisse nationale de l'assurance maladie), Paris, 28 June 1974.
Information and training of salaried workers in the undertaking
Information et formation des salariés de l'entreprise. [en francés]
Recommendations intended for managers, bearing on the induction and training of new workers (especially from abroad) and permanent training of established workers, in order to reduce the number of accidents resulting from ignorance of the hazards and preventive measures).
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th quarter 1974, No.77, Note No.937-77-74 (Recommandation n°116), p.623-624.
Occupational safety film catalogue: 1974 edition.
Lists 276 films in alphabetical order of titles, indicating width, showing time, colour or black-and-white, type of sound track, distributor's name, year of production, and, in most cases, whether film is available on free loan, for hire or for sale. Addresses of suppliers are given, and there is a subject index.
Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, Royal Oak Centre, Brighton Raod, Purley, Surrey CR2 2UR, United Kingdom, 1974. 27p. Price: £1.50.
Application of motivation and communication techniques to occupational safety
Die Anwendung von Motivations- und Kommunikationstechniken für die Arbeitssicherheit [en alemán]
German translation of an American study, reviewing various ways of transmitting and exchanging information and motivations. The safety specialist has a choice between 3 procedures: one-way communication, feedback communication, two-way communication. Guide to the improvement of two-way communications and to the choice of the most appropriate method. Summary of studies on safe behaviour reinforcement (conditioned reflexes) from the Russian animal experiments down to practical applications at management level. Analysis of the technique of critical incident recall, which provides the safety specialist with information and has been found particularly valuable in determining the causes of "near-accidents".
Illustrierte Zeitschrift für Arbeitsschutz, May 1974, Vol.21, No.3, p.12-14; July 1974, No.4, p.7-9; Sep. 1974, No.5, p.2-4; and Nov. 1974, No.6, p.6-7.
Schneider W., Heim H., Katzmann H.
Development and comparative results of measures to increase safety consciousness in undertakings
Entwicklung und Erfolgsvergleich von Massnahmen zur Beeinflussung des Sicherheitsbewusstseins im Betrieb [en alemán]
After a review of the literature and information obtained from Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Berufsgenossenschaften) and undertakings in Germany about the importance attached to safety consciousness, the authors present a pedagogic model the value of which was tested in the particular case of eye protection in lathe operators. The efficacy of programmed learning and audiovisual methods was found to vary considerably (lighting conditions, operators' age). Generally speaking, an increase in the number of operators wearing protective glasses and a decline of 13% in the incidence of eye injuries was achieved.
Forschungsbericht Nr.114, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Martener Strasse 435, 46 Dortmund-Marten, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1974. 127p. (+40p. appendix) 58 ref. Price: DM.13.50.
Self-programmed accident prevention training for apprentices
Selbstprogrammierte Unfallverhütung für Auszubildende [en alemán]
Considerations on the usefulness of on-the-job safety training consisting in the gradual acquisition of small amounts of information by stages, each stage being followed by test questions to ascertain if the knowledge has been assimilated. List of 15 safety rules to establish a training programme of this type for apprentice lathe operators.
Die Berufsgenossenschaft, Aug. 1974, No.8, p.322-324.
Experience in training foremen in the building industry
L'expérience de la formation de maîtrise dans le bâtiment. [en francés]
This article describes the salient features of safety training programmes for foremen and supervisory staff in French industry, the conditions for achieving success, and how the training programme should be carried out. It examines in particular the difficulties encountered in the building and civil engineering sector and the methods adopted to overcome them in the North of France by the Regional Joint Technical Committee for the Building Trades. It gives details of the ways and means of imparting this type of training, in a manner adapted to their particular trade, to engineers, project managers, work site managers, foremen and team leaders.
Regional Sickness Insurance Fund for Northern France (Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France), 11 boulevard Vauban, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 1974. 21p. Gratis.
Construction safety and health training course.
This comprehensive course analyses all phases of construction safety from the planning of a job to its completion. Topics covered include: material handling loaders; bulldozers; trucks; arc and gas welding equipment; cutting equipment; flammable fuels and liquids; safety precautions to prevent accidents.
Title No.002057/LF. Instructor Manual, slide set, 466 colour slides, 1973. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington D.C. 20210, USA. Price: US-$113.75.
A guide to voluntary compliance.
This slide set and program guide are designed to assist in the development of a self-inspection procedure to correct workplace deficiencies in accordance with the standards set in the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Act.
Title No.005130/LF. Slide set, 186 colour slides, Program Guides, 1973. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington D.C. 20210, USA. Price: US-$74.00.
The industrial environment - Its evaluation and control.
Comprehensive and profusely illustrated industrial hygiene textbook, intended as a training aid for industrial hygienists, etc. following courses provided under the U.S. Public Health Service Occupational Health Program. Contents: occupational environment (medical aspects, ecology, evaluation, etc.); physiology and industrial toxicology; U.S. guidelines, codes, regulations, and standards for chemical and physical agents; calibrating sampling equipment; preparation of known concentrations of air contaminants; sampling air for particulates; sizing methodology; sampling and analysis of gases and vapours: determining concentrations of aerosols, gases and vapours; separation processes in analytical chemistry; spectrophotometry; emission spectroscopy; gas chromatography; quality control for sampling and laboratory analysis; physics of sound; physiology of hearing; noise measurement and acceptability criteria; vibration; illumination; ionising and non-ionising radiation; heat stress; thermal standards and measurement techniques; ergonomic aspects of biomechanics; respiratory system; occupational dermatoses; personal protective equipment; noise; heat and cold; airflow systems; local exhaust systems; design of ventilation systems; occupational health programmes; industrial hygiene survey checklist, etc.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, 1973. 719p. Illus. 696 ref.
National directory of safety films - 1973-1974 edition.
This directory lists over 1,200 films, film strips and slide series produced in the USA by 137 institutions. The items are grouped under the following headings: all industries; special industries; motor transportation; traffic; home; farm; public; school. An index of producers and distributors and an alphabetical list of titles are included.
National Safety Council, 425 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA, 1973. 62p. Price: US-$3.70.
Mantovani G., Di Naro C., Cesa-Bianchi M.
Training for safety: notes on methodology and experience at the shop floor level
A proposito di formazione alla sicurezza: appunti metodologici ed esperienze di applicazione sul campo a livello operaio [en italiano]
The authors propose a systematic approach to the problem of occupational safety incorporating the most recent research in ergonomics carried out by the Commission of European Communities. This approach seems the most appropriate one, from the theoretical and practical viewpoint, for the study of man-machine systems and for the introduction of new production processes. Any accident, whether caused by human or technical factors, can provide information on the structure and functioning of a production system. Comments on the usefulness of trainng experience, particularly at the worker's level, to promote effective workers' participation in order to increase safe working methods in the production system in which they are employed. This objective can be achieved only by safer behaviour on the part of the workers, together with increased awareness of the possibilities of applying ergonomics to the layout of a production process. On the basis of these considerations, the authors have drawn up a safety training method and describe the experience gained in an iron and steel works.
Securitas, 1973, No.4, p.449-486. Illus. 29 ref.
Office of Public Information, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, Maryland 20582, USA, 1973. 36p. Gratis.
Films and filmstrips on occupational safety and health.
This catalogue (including brief descriptions and distributor's address) of occupational safety and health films and filmstrips has been compiled to provide a current reference of audiovisual aids available on free loan. It covers the following subjects: alcoholism, chemicals, construction and plant safety, noise; vision, industrial medicine, mining, protective devices, radiation, supervision, etc. There is also a list of organisations that rent and sell films and filmstrips.
Office of Public Information, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, Maryland 20582, USA, 1973. 36p. Free.
A survey evaluation of safety posters.
Report of a questionnaire survey on the effectiveness of 16 safety posters distributed by the Workmen's Compensation Board of British Columbia. These 16 posters are illustrated; they cover a wide range of subjects such as falls, eye protection, lifting and carrying, foot protection, etc. Data on whether the posters had been seen or not were collected from 1051 persons claiming workmen's compensation and were compared to matching data indicating whether or not the claimants' accidents were of the type the posters had been intended to prevent. The results indicate that the posters were not significantly effective in the statistical sense, but did not preclude the possibility that less measurable positive effects are present.
Workmen's Compensation Board of British Columbia, 5255 Heather Street, Vancouver 13, British Columbia, Canada, no date. 18p. Illus.
Industrial accident survey.
A report on a postal survey of persons claiming workmen's compensation in British Columbia, intended to determine broad areas in which accident research might be carried out. The results of the analysis of 618 responses are given. The study covered such matters as specific safety suggestions (the main suggestions were "more safety inspections" and "introduction of new equipment and machinery"), having breakfast before starting work, workers' sleep patterns, the effects of job change, accident sequence. No relationship was found between having breakfast or not (hence blood-sugar levels) and accident occurrence, but a relationship was found between the disruption of sleeping/waking patterns and accidents. An examination was made of the accident potential of those job changes that involve similar, but not identical, work procedures. A model of an accident as a sequence of warning-related events was roughly outlined. Claimants' suggestions for changes in safety procedures are tabulated.
Workmen's Compensation Board of British Columbia, 5255 Heather Street, Vancouver 13, British Columbia, Canada, no date. 15 p. 2 ref.
Department of Employment, London.
Safety training needs and facilities in one industry.
Report on, and conclusions of, an accident prevention survey commissioned by the Department of Employment and carried out in the paper and boardmaking industry. Chapters are devoted to: background (objectives, methodology, assumptions, definitions); bodies contacted; in-company surveys; recommendations for action. Appendices deal with: company visits, role of safety officer, safety committees, task groups, training centres, training in ergonomics of design, safety analysis, etc. Bibliography. List of published safety training recommendations.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London S.E.1, United Kingdom, 1973. 76p. Illus. 70 ref. Price: £0.45.
Always on the alert - is it possible?
Immer aufpassen - kann man das? [en alemán]
The importance of inland waterway transport as a modern means of communication is presented in an introduction. Accidents illustrating the main hazard, that of falling overboard, are shown. Many bargees believe that this hazard can be overcome by constant cirumspection, but the frequency of drowning deaths tells against this. Falls overboard can be prevented by appropriate design of barges and railings, and measures to prevent slipping. A most important measure during work on deck is wearing of a special life-jacket which automatically inflates on contact with the water and keeps the wearer's head above the surface.
16-mm colour film with magnetic sound, 35 min. Binnenschiffahrts-Berufsgenossenschaft, König-Friedrich-Wilhelm-Strasse 4, 4100 Duisburg 13, Germany (Fed.Rep.). Price: DM.2,500.
Mine rescue apparatus Scott/Draeger-BG 174.
This guide is intended to assist instructors in enabling trainees unfamiliar with the Scott/Draeger-BG 174 mine rescue apparatus to learn the proper operation and care of the equipment. Chapters cover: suggestions to the instructor; outline of the course; construction, testing and wearing of the apparatus. The course is supplemented by a questions and answers section. Physical fitness and physician's examination forms are appended, together with information on rescue station equipment, Scott/Draeger periodic tests and individual training records.
Instruction Guide 21, Bureau of Mines, Publications Distribution Branch, 4800 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA, Oct. 1972. 47p. Illus. 11 ref. Gratis.
Riken gas indicator - Type 17, 18 and 21.
The purpose of this guide is to assist instructors in enabling trainees unfamiliar with the Riken gas indicator to learn the proper operation and care of the instrument, which is used for the detection and determination of methane in mine atmospheres. It is in 4 parts: suggestions to the instructor; introduction to the course; text of the course (description of the Riken gas indicator, measuring principle, operation, lighting and airflow systems, leakage or blockage, calibration, maintenance); and visual aids. The theory of the Riken gas indicator is presented in an appendix. The course is supplemented by a questions and answers section and an instructor's course evaluation form. The 14 visual aids are available in various forms (slides, flip charts, etc.).
Instruction Guide 12, Bureau of Mines, 4800 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA, Sep. 1972. 36p. Illus. Gratis.
Koehler and Wolf permissible flame safety lamps.
The purpose of this guide is to assist instructors in enabling trainees unfamiliar with the Koehler and Wolf safety lamps to learn the proper operation and care of the instrument. It is in 4 parts: suggestions to the instructor; introduction to the course; text of the course (history, theory and description of permissible flame safety lamps, assembly, disassembly, maintenance, safety testing, testing for methane by the travelling flame and "cap" flame methods, detection of oxygen-deficient atmospheres, limitations); and visual aids. The course is supplemented by a questions and answers section and an instructor's course evaluation form. The 24 visual aids are available in various forms (slides, flip charts, etc.).
Instruction Guide 15, Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA, Sep. 1972. 52p. Illus. Gratis.
Safety contest evaluation
In a chemical plant, 2 comparable groups of 124 employees each were cross-investigated during 2 separate, 8-week safety contests. There was no statistically demonstrable relationship between accident occurrence and participation in the contests (each member in the winning team was awarded a prize valued at US-$15).
ASSE Journal, May 1972, Vol.17, No.5, p.38-39.
Fourth annual laboratory safety training course 1972
This course of 9 lectures is designed for the safety training of laboratory technicians and supervisors. The lectures, each by a different author, are reproduced, and cover the following subjects: laboratory operations; electrical safety in the laboratory; electromagnetic radiation; mechanical safety; fire risks in laboratories and test areas; health hazards in chemical laboratories; safety aspects of certain common chemicals; biological hazards.
Industrial Foundation for Accident Prevention, Central Avenue, Inglewood, Western Australia, 6052 Australia, 1972. 52p. 85 ref. Price: Aus-$2.50.
Roadworks on open roads
Chantiers routiers sur routes circulées [en francés]
A humorously illustrated booklet for site supervisors indicating the main safety measures for roadworks. Individual sections are devoted to: warning signs; the driving of compacting machines; and tar-macadam application.
Organisme professionnel de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, 2 bis rue Michelet, 92 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France, 1st ed., Jan. 1972. 40p. Illus.
Vehicle and plant movements in earthworks and quarrying
Terrassements - Extraction de matériaux - Circulation des véhicules et engins. [en francés]
This humorously illustrated booklet for site gangers and managers deals with: the hazards of vehicle and plant movements, in particular reversing which should be controlled by a signalman where visibility is inadequate or the site littered or bumpy; contact with the landowner to determine the nature of the ground and the presence of underground lines or pipes; precautions for vertical-wall trenches (timbering, propping); trenchwork in the vicinity of underground pipes or overhead electric lines; safety rules for compressed air; plant maintenance and repair; use of explosives; safety in quarries.
Organisme professionnel de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, 2 bis rue Michelet, 92 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France, 1st edition, Jan. 1972. 40p. Illus.
Münzer M., Heder K.
Results of an industrial hygiene survey and medical examinations in dry cleaning firms
Ergebnisse der arbeitsmedizinischen und technischen Überprüfung chemischer Reinigungsbetriebe [en alemán]
Industrial hygiene surveys and medical examinations in 55 dry cleaning firms were carried out to determine the effects of perchloroethylene on worker health. Jobs at risk are listed (concentrations of 100-400ppm) and the effectiveness of the exhaust ventilation systems employed is reviewed. 71 of the 200 workers examined had urinary trichloroacetic acid levels over 10mg/L. Subjective complaints (headache, vertigo, nervousness, fatigue) may be attributable to high perchloroethylene absorption. Liver function displayed no significant differences from that of controls. The following measures are recommended: technical training of workers (filling weights, drying times, solvent recovery); pre-employment medical examinations and non-employment of persons with liver, kidney or nervous disease.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin und Arbeitsschutz, May 1972, Vol.22, No.5, p.133-138. 12 ref.
Krause H., Pillat R., Zander E.
Arbeitssicherheit [en alemán]
This handbook is designed to provide advice for top management, shop stewards committees and line management on occupational safety matters. It contains contributions by specialists on the following subjects: duties and responsibilities in occupational safety; in-plant safety measures; general problems and their solutions (e.g. women at work, foreign workers); special safety problems (e.g. laser beams); selection and use of personal protective equipment; application of safety principles (planning); designing work for health and greater efficiency (e.g. lighting and vision); organisations providing aid on safety matters; legislation. There are indexes of regulations, a table of contents and a subject index. The loose-leaf folder makes it possible to add the supplements which will be issued 2 to 3 times a year to bring the information up to date.
Rudolf Haufe Verlag, Hindenburgstrasse 64, 78 Freiburg, Federal Republic of GErmany, 1972, 484p. Illus. Bibl.
Safety officers in construction
This brochure, which forms part of the Board's recommendations on improved vocational training for construction-industry workers, first outlines employers' responsibilities in providing safe working conditions and methods of work on building sites and then deals in detail with the need for and the selection, qualifications, employment and training of construction safety officers. The main body of the recommendations gives a detailed job description for a safety officer, a typical personnel specification (physical requirements, qualifications, experience, special aptitudes), a training scheme for supervising the trainees' progress, and a detailed residential and on-the-job training syllabus comprising an induction course (2-3 days), a basic instruction course ( 7 weeks), planned experience (18-24 months), and extension course (5 days) and a specialist course (2-5 days).
Construction Industry Training Board, Radnor House, London Road, Norbury, London SW16 4EL, United Kingdom, 1972. 12p. Illus.
Training in accident prevention
This booklet makes recommendations concerning the responsibilities, job descriptions, qualifications and training of personnel directly responsible for, or involved in, accident prevention in the paper industry (management, supervisors, training officers, safety officers and members of safety committees). Syllabuses of introductory courses for safety officers, safety committees and new employees are outlined, information is given on special hazards in the paper and paper products industry and accident recording procedures, and the work and publications in the field of safety of relevant employers' organisations are indicated. Appendices include the job description and required qualifications of a group safety adviser/engineer, minimum accident prevention knowledge necessary for others concerned with safety, an example of a safety survey check list, and a reading list.
Paper and Paper Products Industry Training Board, Star House, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, 1972. 30p. 9 ref.
The safety training of ships' companies
The author describes the operation, progress and contribution made to safety in the shipping industry by a British company which organises 'on-board' safety training programmes for ships' crews. Training programmes cover instruction, planning and training, and survey of ships' safety equipment. Programmes are related to the special safety problems of each ship.
Safety at Sea International, July 1972, p.26-28. Illus.
The efficient use of fuel - Chapter 3: Safety and training
The author discusses the safety and training of operators of large and small power plants (boilers and turbines) in the paper industry. Aspects covered are: operational safety (which depends mainlyon good housekeeping), good lighting, provision of accommodation and facilities for personnel in boiler and turbine houses; safety during maintenance operations; safety of automatically controlled boilers including requirements for controls, their maintenance and testing. The importance of instruction in mechanical and electrical safety during technical and practical training courses in boiler house operations is emphasised.
Paper Maker, May 1972, Vol.163, No.5, p.35-37 and 44. 6 ref.
Safety training - Welding in motor vehicle repairs
This brochure lays down a syllabus of instruction on welding hazards and safe welding practices and recommends that this syllabus should form part of welding instruction courses. Individual sections are devoted to: United Kingdom legislation; personal protection; safety preparations before welding; hazards and precautions necessary when using gas welding and cutting equipment; manual metal-arc, tungsten inert-gas and metal inert-gas welding equipment; and health, explosion and fire hazards associated with vehicles and plant generally during welding operations. A short list is included.
Road Transport Industry Training Board, Capitol House, Empire Way, Wembley, Middlesex, HA9 ONG, United Kingdom, May 1972. 28p. Illus. 5 ref.
Hill T.A., Siedle A.R., Perry R.
Chemical hazards of a fire-fighting training environment
Fire-fighting training frequently involves demonstrations in extinguishing oil fires in confined spaces. A study was made of the chemicals contained in the smoke and soot produced by a diesel oil fire, using mass-spectroscopic and gas-chromatographic techniques. 45 atmospheric compounds and 17 aromatic structures from deposited soot were identified; they are listed together with their concentrations. Known carcinogens were found in the soot, and benzo(a)pyrene contents reached 4.5mg/g of soot. It is concluded that the types of exposure studied present a severe potential health hazard if frequently repeated.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, June 1972, Vol.33, No.6, p.423-430. Illus. 15 ref.
Bibliographic database consisting of > 200,000 records, each with abstract and indexing. In additional to core occupational safety and health coverage, the database covers many other fields relevant to the protection of workers: behavioural sciences; biochemistry and physiology; toxicology; pathology; chemistry; control technology; education and training; epidemiology; ergonomics; health physics; biological hazards; hazardous waste. Emphasis in coverage is on 160 current English-language technical journals, NIOSH publications, conference and symposium proceedings and US government reports. Retrospective information, some from the 19th century, is also acquired and entered. Updating is approx. 6000 records/year.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1971-. Available on-line (hosts: Dialog, ESA, National Library of Medicine (part of TOXLINE), ORBIT), and on CD-ROM (CCOHS's CCINFO Disc "C1", SilverPlatter's OSH-ROMTM, Worksafe Australia's Worksafe-DiscTM).
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