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The promotional framework for occupational safety and health - Convention No.187 and Recommendation No.197 of the International Labour Organization
Le cadre promotionnel pour la sécurité et la santé au travail - Convention n° 187 et Recommandation n° 197 de l'Organisation internationale du travail [en francés]
Designed to be used by professionals in the field of occupational safety and health, workers' representatives and managers of public occupational safety and health institutions in countries of the Sahel and West Africa, this booklet explains and comments Convention No.187 and Recommendation No.197 of the International Labour Organization. The full texts of these documents are also included.
Sub-regional office for for the Sahel Region and West Africa, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, no date. 69p. Illus.
Occupational health and safety: Consolidating achievements and engaging further commitment - Strategic plan 2007-2012
This strategic plan for the Occupational Health and Safety Authority (OHSA) of Malta for the years 2007 to 2012 starts with the vision and mission of OHSA and translates them into a set of strategic objectives that are to be addressed during the six-year period. The key strategic objectives include: legislation and enforcement; capacity building; seeking partnerships; taking appropriate action against existing and emerging risks; evaluating the effectiveness of actions taken. The document includes a review of historical statistical trends in injury rates, fatality rates and fatalities in the construction sector.
Occupational Health and Safety Authority, 17, Triq Edgar Ferro, Pieta', PTA 1533, Malta, no date. 17p. Illus.
Strategic_plan_2007-2012.pdf [en inglés]
GE's efforts on environment, health and safety
GE zai huan jing˛jian kang he an quan fang mian suo zuo de nu li [en chino]
This bilingual booklet in English and Chinese summarizes the policy of General Electric (GE) with respect to safety, health and environmental protection (SHE) in China. The main aspects of the policy consist of: complying with the requirements in China; complying with GE's global standards; using state-of-the art information systems for tracking SHE performance; information and training of personnel; auditing the SHE performance of suppliers.
GE (China) Co., Ltd., 6/F B1, Hanwei Plaza, No. 7 Guang Hua Road, Chao Yang District, Beijing, China, no date. 15p.
Bondéelle A., Brasseur G., Clergiot J., Ravallec C.
Subcontracting and occupational safety and health - Improving current practices
Sous-traitance et prévention - Faire évoluer les pratiques [en francés]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational safety and health related to subcontracting: responsibilities of the contractor; subcontracting experiences of enterprises in various fields of activity (chemicals, cables, security, live performances).
Travail et sécurité, Sep. 2011, No.720, p.16-31. Illus. 10 ref.
Sous-traitance_et_prévention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en francés]
Denis D., Beaugrand S., Boudreault H., Larue C.
Stability of fork lift trucks - Development of a training module by means of a participatory didactic approach
Stabilité des chariots élévateurs - Elaboration d'un module de formation à l'aide d'une démarche de didactique participative [en francés]
Occupational safety and health professionals asked the IRSST to help them explain the fork lift truck stability concepts that they teach to operators. These concepts are complex, abstract and not easy to learn. A participatory approach guided by a professional instruction specialist and involving 13 experienced instructors from various organizations was adopted, the process being also accompanied by ergonomists and by a specialist in vehicle dynamics. Meetings and work sessions allowed the stability concepts to be addressed, as well as a new instructional environment to be developed. The apprentice fork lift truck operator thus becomes the centre of the pedagogical process, with the instructor being the person promoting his link to the learning objective via various operator activities. As a result of this study, four main activities have been defined and various tools available to instructors are hosted on a website.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2011. viii, 72p. Illus. 41 ref.
Stabilité_des_chariots_élévateurs_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en francés]
Robson L.S., Stephenson C.M., Schulte P.A., Amick B.C., Irvin E.L., Eggerth D.E., Chan S., Bielecky A.R., Wang A.M., Heidotting T.L., Peters R.H., Clarke J.A., Cullen K., Rotunda C.J., Grubb P.L.
A systematic review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety training
The objective of this literature survey was to examine whether occupational safety and health (OSH) training has a beneficial effect on workers. Ten bibliographic databases were searched for pre-post randomized trial studies published in journals between 1996 and November 2007. Training interventions were included if they were delivered to workers and were concerned with primary prevention of occupational illness or injury. The methodological quality of each relevant study was assessed and data was extracted. The impacts of OSH training in each study were summarized by calculating the standardized mean differences. Twenty-two studies met the relevance criteria of the review. They involved a variety of study populations, occupational hazards and types of training. Strong evidence was found for the effectiveness of training on worker OSH behaviours, but insufficient evidence was found of its effectiveness on health. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2011, 25p. Illus. 66 ref.
A_systematic_review.pdf [en inglés]
Facts and figures 2009
Faits et chiffres 2009 [en francés]
This report presents an overview of the Institute's activities during 2009 in the field of the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases, grouped under the ten following headings: occupational cancers; biological agents; low back pain; chemical exposure; psychosocial risks; nanotechnologies; work equipment and machinery; electromagnetic fields; ionising radiation; teaching OSH. The details of how the Institute is organised and of how it acts (assistance, training, research, information, public and international relations) make up the remainder of the publication. The main scientific research findings in 2009 are also summarized. In 2009, 121 studies were conducted by the scientific and technical divisions of INRS. In 2009, chemical hazards, including fields such as toxicology, metrology and process engineering, represented 36% of the research activity. Also, activity on nanoparticles increased markedly, with 10% of the total hours worked.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2010. 35p. Illus.
ED_4295.pdf [en inglés]
ED_4294.pdf [en francés]
Miguel A.S., Góis J., Silva J.
Study on workers' evacuation in an industrial company
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of training on the workers' behaviour, and consequently on their evacuation time, in case of an emergency. Three fire drills were undertaken, during which several parameters were recorded: time taken by the first worker to reach the section meeting point; time taken by the last worker to reach the meeting point; average age of the workers in each section; number of workers in each section; average distance of each section from the corresponding meeting point. Despite the scarcity of data, it was observed during the last fire drill that there was a better attitude towards fire risk and an increased awareness of safety issues. The workers' age as well the number of workers appeared to have no influence on the evacuation time.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1050-1053. Illus. 8 ref.
Nold A., Bochmann F.
Examples of evidence-based approaches in accident prevention
The term "evidence" is most widely used in legal and scientific contexts in the sense of information that would tend to establish a fact. The evidence-based practices used in medicine are now being applied in other fields, including occupational safety and health (OSH). In Germany, several projects have been implemented relying on the evidence-based model, resulting in reduced accident levels. This article reviews evidence-based approaches in OSH and illustrates them with two examples: safety devices reducing needle-stick injuries among health professionals and a preventive training programme reducing occupational injuries in the metal and glass industries.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1044-1049. Illus. 27 ref.
12th Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA 12): Strengthening radiation protection worldwide - Highlights, global perspective and future trends
Highlights of the 12th congress of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA 12) held 19-24 October 2008 in Buenos-Aires, Argentina, on strengthening radiation protection worldwide. Main topics covered: epistemiologic basis of radiation protection; harmonization of radiation protection recommendations; future trends and recommendations for strengthening radiation protection worldwide. A CD-ROM containing the full set of keynote addresses, contributed papers, presentations and refresher courses, which are also available on the IRPA 12 website (www.irpa12.org.arg), is included.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Wien, Austria, 2010. 329p. Illus. Bibl.ref. + CD-ROM.
12th_congress_of_the_IRPA.pdf [en inglés]
Chin P., DeLuca C., Poth C., Chadwick I., Hutchinson N., Munby H.
Enabling youth to advocate for workplace safety
Work-related injury rates for Canadian youth (ages 15-24) are alarmingly high compared to adult workers even though youth are less likely to be performing hazardous jobs. This paper reports on a document analysis of youth workplace safety education initiatives sponsored by national and provincial/territorial governmental and non-governmental agencies. Web-based documents were analyzed through the theoretical lens of self-advocacy. The self-advocacy framework highlights how youth can be agentic in altering high-risk workplaces by publicly articulating their own interests, needs, and rights; thus, self-advocacy is a critical component in studying educational programs for youth safety. The analysis revealed that instruction on workplace safety identifies safety issues to workers and tells youth to work safely but does little to promote self-advocacy in young workers.
Safety Science, June 2010, Vol.48, No.5, p.570-579. 32 ref.
Crawford J. O., George P., Graveling R.A., Cowie H., Dixon K.
Buen trabajo - Buena salud. Informe de investigación
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit. Forschungsbericht [en alemán]
Good work - Good health. Rapport de recherche [en francés]
Good work - Good health. Research report [en inglés]
The aim of the "Good Work, Good Health" was to examine mental wellbeing in the telecommunications industry in Europe. This was done through a systematic literature review of workplace factors that impact on mental wellbeing, together with interviews of telecommunications companies to identify good practice occurring. This report presents the findings of this research. It is also available in French, Spanish and German. See also ISN 110741.
Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM), Research Avenue North, Riccarton, Edinburgh, EH14 4AP, United Kingdom, 2010. xii; 97p. 43 ref. (PDF-Document).
Research_report.pdf [en inglés]
Rapport_de_recherche.pdf [en francés]
Informe_de_investigación.pdf [en español]
Research_report.pdf [en alemán]
Buen Trabajo - Buena Salud - Guía de buenas prácticas
Dobrá Práce - Dobré Zdraví - Pruvodce dobrou praxí [en checo]
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit - Good Practice Richtlinien [en alemán]
Καλή Εργασία - Καλή Υγεία - ΟΔΗΓΟΣ ΚΑΛΗΣ ΠΡΑΚΤΙΚΗΣ [en griego]
Good Work - Good Health - Good Practice Guidelines [en inglés]
Bra Arbete - God Hälsa - Riktlinjer För God Praxis [en sueco]
Good Work - Good Health - Guide des bonnes pratiques [en francés]
Buon lavoro - Buona salute - Norme di buona prassi [en italiano]
Dobre Praca - Dobre Zdrowie - Wytyczne Dobrej Praktyki [en polonés]
Bom Trabalho - Boa Saúde - Guia de boas Práticas [en portugués]
Good Work - Good Health - Ghid de bune practici [en rumano]
Hea töo - Hea tervis - Hea tava juhised [en estonio]
The "Good Work, Good Health" project was aimed at defining good practices on how to improve mental wellbeing of workers. A working group examined the scientific literature on mental health at work as well as policies and practices of a panel of representative European organizations in the telecommunication industry. These good practice guidelines are based on the results of the project. The guidelines are also available in French, Spanish, Czech, German, Estonian, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian and Swedish. See also 110742.
European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association (ETNO), 54 avenue Louise, 1050 Brussels, Belgium, 2010. 20p. Illus. (PDF-Document).
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en inglés]
Guide_des_bonnes_pratiques.pdf [en francés]
Guía_de_Buenas_Prácticas.pdf [en español]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en alemán]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en estonio]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en griego]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en italiano]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en polonés]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en portugués]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en rumano]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en sueco]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en checo]
Annual report of JISHA - 2009
This report describes the organization and functions of the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) and reviews activities during the year 2008-2009. These include: development of programmes relating to risk assessment and OSH management systems; ensuring health and promoting comfortable workplace environments; promoting safety and health education; expansion of the zero-accident campaign; provision of safety and health technical services; international cooperation; assistance to small and medium-size enterprises; safety and health publications; research and surveys; events and campaigns; Japan bioassay research centre.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2010. 43p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_JISHA_2009.pdf [en inglés]
Eyraud F., Chouwdhury Repon A.R., Rantanen J., Leman A.M., Othma F., Omar A.R., Surjono B., Wang Y., Lindfor T., Lehtinen S.
Occupational health and safety training
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health training of relevance to countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Contents: improving OSH through a participatory training approach in Bangladesh; the challenge of occupational diseases; occupational safety and health training in Malaysia; role of workers' unions in occupational health and safety at industry level; OSH training in the food industry in China. Other topics: Presentation of the ILO training centre in Turin, Italy; review of a conference on occupational cardiovascular diseases held in March 2010 in Espoo, Finland; presentation of the objectives and activities of the International Commission for Occupational Health (ICOH).
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, May 2010, Vol.17, No.1, p.3-23 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
OSH_training.pdf [en inglés]
Bondéelle A., Brasseur G., Richez J.P
Welding work - Engraving safety and health in the metal
Travaux de soudage - Graver la prévention dans le métal [en francés]
Contents of this collection of articles on occupational safety and health in welding operations: overview; main hazards encountered during welding operations; medical supervision of welders and brazing workers; examples of occupational safety and health measures in boilermaking, sheet metal working and ironwork enterprises; activities of a French regional occupational safety and health service; presentation of a DVD on safety and health in arc welding.
Travail et sécurité, May 2010, No.706, p.16-31. Illus. 21 ref.
The Newsletter of the International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
Contents of this annual newsletter of the International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI): President's letter; review of the IALI congress and other conferences held during 2009; global code of integrity for labour inspection; assessment of labour inspectorates' performance; developing working methods for technical evaluations and alliances; labour administration as a tool of good governance; Luxembourg project for enhancing capacity of occupational safety and health training in Vietnam; strategy of French labour inspection with regard to foreign services suppliers; United Kingdom process safety standards; labour inspection system in China; Luxembourg declaration on workplace health promotion in the European Union; cooperation with international partners in the Republic of Srpska; safe company programme in the Czech Republic; new practice in labour inspection in Poland; HSE initiative to prevent slips and trips; role of occupational risk assessment in improving the quality of working conditions; campaign against deaths on construction sites; construction site, mines and dockworks inspection in Cyprus; developing a safety and health culture among engineering students in Luxembourg.
International Association of Labour Inspection, IALI Secretariat, Inspection du Travail et des Mines, BP 27, 2010 Luxembourg, 2009. 40p. Illus.
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/IALIForum_2009_en.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/IALIForum_2009_fr.pdf [en francés]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/IALIForum_2009_es.pdf [en español]
State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), International Labour Organization (ILO), International Social Security Association (ISSA), International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
The 5th China International Forum on Work Safety - Speakers and abstracts
List of authors and abstracts of papers presented at a conference on occupational safety held in Beijing, China, from 31 August to 2 September 2010 (see ISN 110689).
National Center for International Cooperation on Work Safety, Room 409 Hepingli Beijie, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R. China, 2010. 216p. Illus.
State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), International Labour Organization (ILO), International Social Security Association (ISSA), International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
The 5th China International Forum on Work Safety - Proceedings
Transliterate Chinese title please [en chino]
Proceedings of a conference on occupational safety held in Beijing, China, from 31 August to 2 September 2010. Papers are grouped under the following headings: new practices and development of OSH; economic policies and investment in work safety; identification of potential risks in metallic and non-metallic underground mines; work safety promotion plans and promotion of new technologies in work safety; gas control in coal mines; disaster prevention, reduction and emergency rescue; risk assessment in mining companies; perfection of laws, regulation and standards in work safety; construction safety; safety evaluation and certification; on-site testing technologies of occupational hazards; corporate safety culture; OSH management in SMEs; new approaches of labor inspection; improvement of research and development capabilities and policies in work safety; technology development and application of personal protection equipments; training and education in work safety; monitoring of major hazards and treatment of hidden hazards.
National Center for International Cooperation on Work Safety, Room 409 Hepingli Beijie, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R. China, 2010. 691p. Illus.
OSHD 2009 annual report - Embracing challenges, pushing frontiers in WSH
Annual report of the Occupational Safety and Health Division of the Singapore Ministry of Manpower for the year 2009. Contents: key highlights for 2009; strategies for building strong capabilities, implementing an effective regulatory framework, promoting the benefits of occupational safety and health, and developing strong partnerships locally and internationally; highlights of occupational accident and diseases statistics; future objectives and projects.
Ministry of Manpower, Occupational Safety and Health Division, 18 Havelock Road, Singapore 059764, 2010. 100p. Illus.
And the band played on
The BBC employs 450 instrumentalists and singers, together with a large pool of freelance musicians who are engaged on specific projects. Performing musicians are exposed to various occupational hazards, particularly to the risks of noise-induced hearing loss and musculoskeletal disorders. This article describes the occupational safety and health efforts of the BBC to evaluate and limit exposure to occupational hazards and to provide training and information to the musicians.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Aug. 2010, Vol.28, No.8, p.39-40. Illus. 2 ref.
A dose of surgical spirit
This article describes how the National Health Service (NHS) of the United Kingdom, which is the service responsible for operating all public hospitals, is responding to the need to provide safety and health training to its employees. Such training is particularly important because the hospitals operate 24h per day during which employees may be exposed to poisons, radiation, sharps, a variety of pathogens and contaminated waste. Topics addressed: induction training; on-the-job training; job-specific training; refresher training; training of senior management; role of safety and health managers; record-keeping.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Aug. 2010, Vol.28, No.8, p.50-53. Illus. 2 ref.
Arphorn S., Chaonasuan P., Pruktharathikul V., Singhakajen V., Chaikittiporn C.
A program for Thai rubber tappers to improve the cost of occupational health and safety
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an occupational safety and health programme among rubber tappers involving training on self-care in order to reduce and prevent work-related accidents, injuries and illnesses. Data on costs for healthcare, prevention and treatment of work-related accidents, injuries and illnesses were collected among 49 rubber tappers by means of interviewer-administered questionnaires. It was found that after the implementation of the programme, there were significant reductions in the proportion of the injured subjects, the level of pain and treatment costs. The programme significantly raised health awareness among the tappers and in the community.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.275-282. 9 ref.
Bestratén Belloví M.
Integración de la prevención y desarrollo de competencias
This information note on safety and health integration and development of competency presents a model of management by competencies based on a classification of the competencies for a specific job and of the professional development, enabling the evaluation of the needs for training as well as the selection of personnel. This approach results in improved safety performance and innovation capacity of the enterprise.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 10p. Illus. 5 ref.
Integración_de_la_prevención_y_desarrollo_de_competencias [en español]
Mainstreaming occupational safety and health into university education
Future engineers, architects, medical professionals and business administrators and managers will all need to take account of occupational safety and health (OSH) in their working lives. This report presents a variety of cases concerning how OSH has been included in university-level education in the European Union. However, relatively few examples were found where OSH education had been truly embedded within the curriculum of other undergraduate studies, such as a general engineering undergraduate course or a business studies course. courses. By highlighting cases from EU Member States, this report aims to provide practical support for the development of OSH programmes in university education.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 171p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/mainstream_osh_university_education [en inglés]
Estrategia iberoamericana de seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2010-2013
Estratégia ibero-americana de segurança e saúde no trabalho 2010-2013 [en portugués]
This document presents the Latin American occupational safety and health strategy for 2010-2013, in which eight main objectives (5 general and 3 specific objectives) are defined. The purpose of these objectives is to improve the prevention of occupational hazards within the enterprise, to reinforce occupational safety and health institutions and to improve occupational safety and health policies.
Organización Iberoamericana de la Seguridad Social (OISS), Secretaría General de la OISS, Velázquez, 105, 28006 Madrid, Spain, 2009. 44p. 22 ref.
Estrategia_iberoamericana_de_SST.pdf [en español]
Estratégia_ibero-americana_de_SST.pdf [en portugués]
Estrategia española de seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2007-2012 - Plan de acción para el impuso y ejecución de la estrategia española de seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2007-2012 (Balance del plan de acción período julio 2007 - abril 2008; 2° plan de acción periodo octubre 2008 - junio 2010)
This document presents the Spanish national occupational safety and health strategy for 2007-2012, in which eight main objectives were defined. The purpose of these objectives is to improve the prevention of occupational hazards within the enterprise, to reinforce occupational safety and health institutions and to improve occupational safety and health policies. It also presents the results of the first action plan from June 2007 to April 2008 and defines a second action plan for the period ranging from October 2008 to June 2010.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2009. 79p. Illus.
Estrategia_española_de_SST.pdf [en español]
López Mena I.
La mejora continua en prevención de riesgos laborales
This article explains how a continuous improvement system based on the Deming cycle (or PDCA; plan, do, check, act) can be applied to the occupational safety and health plan of the enterprise as well as to each of its work procedures or instructions, including the hazard evaluation. A continuous improvement system to correct unsafe acts can help in changing behaviours by means of internal safety inspections coupled to workers' training.
Prevención, Apr.-June 2009, No.188, p.6-12. Illus.
Building WSH competencies in Singapore
More needs to be done to help Singapore achieve the new target to reduce work fatality rate to 1.8 per 100,000 workers by 2018. At each level - workers, supervisors and employers - efforts need to be put in to raise the abilities at the workplace to keep themselves and their colleagues safe. To effect this, the Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Council has developed a strategy paper entitled "Building WSH Competencies in Singapore", focusing on two main areas: equipping stakeholders with the right skills and capabilities; building strong supporting institutions to guide the identification and development of such skills and capabilities.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2009. 20p. Illus.
Building_WSH.pdf [en inglés]
Qun T.F., Kawakami T., eds.
ASEAN-OSHNET - Good occupational safety and health practices 2008/2009
This publication is a compilation of the many good OSH practices in terms of national OSH frameworks, enforcement, outreach, training and research developed in recent years in ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) member countries. These examples were first presented during the ASEAN-OSHNET Workshop on Good OSH Practices in Singapore in February 2009. The ASEAN-OSHNET functions to help member countries achieve better OSH performance. Under the ASEAN-OSHNET Plan of Action, adopted in 2007, all member countries aim to develop a national OSH profile and implement national OSH strategies or programmes by 2012.
ASEAN Occupational Safety and Health Network (ASEAN-OSHNET), Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, P.O.Box 347, Pangkham Road, Vientiane Capital, Lao PRD, 2009. 78p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120410.pdf [en inglés]
Kawakami T., Khai T.T., Kogi K.
Developing the WIND training programme in Asia
This report documents and analyses the course of the development of the WIND training programme in Vietnam and also the efforts of other countries in Asia. It pays particular attention to the usefulness of participatory training methodologies and how much the WIND programme has respected and supported the self-help initiative of local farmers. It will give an insight into participatory approaches for those who plan to apply the WIND programme and also for those who are interested in achieving local developments in a participatory manner. Contents: what is the WIND training programme; learning from the real working lives of local farmers and sugarcane processing workers in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam; birth of the WIND programme; developing the WIND farmer volunteer system; national policy support for the WIND training programme; WIND training programme in Cambodia, Mongolia and Thailand; factors in the success of the WIND training in Vietnam; recommendations for future developments of the WIND programme.
ILO Subregional Office for East Asia, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, P.O. Box 2-349, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 2009. 117p. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120488.pdf [en inglés]
Sas K., Copsey S.
OSH in the school curriculum: requirements and activities in the EU Member States
To underpin occupational safety and health (OSH) education in schools and colleges, it is necessary to formalise it in curriculum requirements. This report reviews how the Member States are including OSH and risk education in their national curricula. It shows that there is considerable progress and activity in this respect at both primary and secondary education levels in terms of both implemented and planned actions in the Member States. Actions to include OSH in education at the curriculum level include: statutory requirements; voluntary curricula; guidelines and resources to support the statutory requirements and voluntary curricula; formal recommendations; national guidance and resources in cases where no curricula have been set; and promotional campaigns to support the above.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 180p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: EUR 15.00 (excluding VAT). Downloadable version free of charge.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/TE3008521ENC [en inglés]
European campaign focussing on hazard evaluation
Une campagne européenne axée sur l'analyse des risques [en francés]
This article presents two enterprises in Belgium having opened their doors to the public during the European campaign entitled " Healthy Workplaces: Good for you. Good for business". One is involved in the sorting of waste, the other in the distribution of automotive components.
Prevent Focus, Apr. 2009, No.4, p.4-9. Illus.
Bracker A.L., Morse T.F., Simcox N.J.
Training health and safety committees to use control banding: Lessons learned and opportunities for the United States
Control banding (CB) strategies are designed to control workplace chemical exposures after the completion of a qualitative risk assessment. Joint labor/management teams and individuals from 34 workplaces attended a control banding workshop and learned how to use a specific CB model, that of HSE's COSHH Essentials Toolkit (see CIS 00-675). Follow-up workshops, questionnaires, site visits and case studies were used to evaluate the effectiveness of this CB approach. It was found that that the model is easily learned, although several areas for improvement were identified.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, May 2009, Vol.6, No.5, p.307-314. 37 ref.
Burgus S.K., Madsen M.D., Sanderson W.T., Rautiainen R.H.
Youths operating all-terrain vehicles - Implications for safety education
All-terrain vehicle (ATV) use has increased in recent years. ATV injuries and deaths have also increased, particularly among youth. This article describes a survey taken during a farming convention aimed at identifying safety-related behaviors, injuries, and effects of ATV safety training among youth. There were 624 participants aged 12 to 20 with a median age of 16; 56% were male and 69% lived on a farm. Data were collected on whether or not the young persons had received safety training, took passengers, wore helmets, drove on unpaved roads and had been involved in accidents. Gender differences were found in behaviors and injury rates (males 37%, females 20%). ATV safety training appears to improve behaviours. Gender differences in operation, behaviors and injuries should be considered in ATV safety training.
Journal of Agromedicine, 2nd Quarter 2009, Vol.14, No.2, p.97-104. 16 ref.
Costella F.M., Abreu Saurin T., Buarque de Macedo Guimarães L.
A method for assessing health and safety management systems from the resilience engineering perspective
This article introduces an innovative method for assessing health and safety management systems. It brings together the structural approach, the operational approach and the performance approach. It takes into account the resilience engineering perspective, based on four factors (flexibility, learning, awareness and top management commitment). The method was tested in a case study carried out in a factory producing automobile exhaust systems in Brazil.
Safety Science, Oct. 2009, Vol.47, No.8, p.1056-1067. Illus. 38 ref.
Induction training of new workers
L'accueil de nouveaux collaborateurs [en francés]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on the prevention of occupational hazards among newly-hired workers in the construction industry: summary of accident statistics highlighting the increased risks among newly-hired workers, in particular young workers; proposals for a successful induction programme; set of tools for safety and health training of newly-hired workers developed by the French professional body for safety and health in the construction sector (OPPBTP).
Prévention BTP, July-Aug. 2009, No.120, p.30-39. Illus.
Lafère P., Germonpré P., Balestra C.
Pulmonary barotrauma in divers during emergency free ascent training: Review of 124 cases
The objective of this study was to evaluate the risks of pulmonary barotraumas (PBT) or arterial gas embolism (AGE) associated with normal recreational dives, training dives, and emergency free ascent (EFA). All diving accidents treated at the Centre for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (Brussels, Belgium) from 1995 to 2005 were reviewed. Data on the average number of dives performed and the proportion of training dives were obtained from the major Belgian diving associations. A total of 124 divers were treated, of whom 34 were diagnosed with PBT. Of those, 20 had symptoms of AGE. In 16 of those, EFA training exercise was deemed responsible for the injury. The association between EFA training and PBT proved to be very significant, with an odds ratio of 11.33. It was found that training dives carry a 100 to 400 times higher risk, and an ascent training dive a 500 to 1500 times higher risk for PBT than a non-training dive.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 2009, Vol.80, No.4, p.371-375. 20 ref.
Durand E., Cassan P., Goddet N.S., Meyran D., Bielec P., Vuillerminaz C., Descatha A.
Emergency organization within the enterprise - Changes wrought by the new emergency worker training programmes
Organisation des secours dans l'entreprise - Modifications apportées par les nouveaux programmes de formation au secourisme [en francés]
In France, heads of enterprises are responsible for emergency organization. The training programme for first aid and emergency personnel having been recently revised, this article presents the changes made, particularly concerning the use of external automatic defibrillators, and describes current requirements with respect to emergency organization and the first aid chain of survival.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2009, No.117, p.19-37. Illus. 63 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20124/22.06File/TC124.pdf [en francés]
Protecting your employees and business from pandemic human influenza: Action manual for small and medium-sized enterprises
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual was developed to promote safe practices in small and medium-sized enterprises. It is user-friendly and practical, providing an action checklist on various prevention measures, including explanations and descriptions. The unique participatory training methods of the ILO of the Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) and Work Improvements in Neighbourhood Development (WIND) programmes were used to promote understanding and encourage improvement in the practices of employers and workers in small and medium-sized enterprises.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101422.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101423.pdf [en tailandés]
Self-assessment (SA) trainer's manual
This manual is a guide aimed at regional implementers and trainers in South-East Asian and Pacific countries responsible for delivering the core messages of the Labour Standards Enforcement Framework (LSEF). It is organized around six modules: LSEF overview; conduct and procedures; required checklist; general labour standards; occupational safety and health; other related labour laws.
International Labour Organization, Sub-Regional Office for South-East Asia and the Pacific, 19th Floor, Yuchengco Tower, RCBC Plaza, 6819 Ayala Avenue, Makati City, Philippines, no date. 66p. Illus.
Kawakami T., Ratananakorn L.
Protecting your health and business from avian influenza: Action manual for farmers and poultry workers
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual is developed to promote safe practices. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an action checklist on various prevention measures including explanations and descriptions. The participatory training methods of the ILO, Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development (WIND) and Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE), were used to promote understanding and encourage improvements in the actions of farmers and poultry workers.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus. 7ref.
http://bravo.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101421.pdf [en tailandés]
http://bravo.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101420.pdf [en inglés]
Robertson M., Amick B.C., DeRango K., Rooney T., Bazzani L., Harrist R., Moore A.
The effects of an office ergonomics training and chair intervention on worker knowledge, behavior and musculoskeletal risk
A field intervention study was undertaken to examine the effects of office ergonomics training coupled with the supply of an adjustable chair on office workers' knowledge of musculoskeletal risks. A total of 216 office workers were assigned to one of three groups: a group receiving the training and adjustable chair, a training-only group, and a control group. Pre and post-training knowledge tests were administered to all those who attended the training. Body postures and workstation set-ups were observed before and after the intervention. Perceived control over the physical work environment was higher for both intervention groups as compared to workers in the control group. Significant improvements in ergonomic knowledge and behaviour were observed for the intervention groups, who also had lower musculoskeletal risks than the control group. However, the effect of the chair was non conclusive.
Applied Ergonomics, Jan. 2009, Vol.40, No.1, p.124-135. Illus. 38 ref.
Pehkonen I., Takala E.P., Ketola R., Viikari-Juntura E., Leino-Arjas P., Hopsu L., Virtanen T., Haukka E., Holtari-Leino M., Nykyri E., Riihimäki H.
Evaluation of a participatory ergonomic intervention process in kitchen work
This study evaluated a participatory ergonomic intervention process applied in 59 kitchens of schools, nursing homes and care centres in Finland. Workers participated in workshops, and generated and evaluated solutions to optimize musculoskeletal load in their work. An ergonomist initiated and supported the process. By the end of the programme, 402 improvements were implemented.
Applied Ergonomics, Jan. 2009, Vol.40, No.1, p.115-123. Illus. 38 ref.
The prevention of occupational hazards as seen by employees
La prévention des risques professionnels vue par les salariés [en francés]
This document presents a summary of the findings of a survey on working conditions and occupational hazards in France. In 2005, 31% of employed persons claim to have received either information or training on the health hazards of their work: 20% in SMEs with less than 50 employees and twice that proportion in large enterprises employing more than 1000 workers. The information is more systematic for workers holding hazardous jobs, in enterprises with safety and health committees and in enterprises having adopted forward-looking organizations structures. Supervisors and occupational physicians represent the main source of information for workers. 83% of workers received a medical examination by an occupational physician in the two years preceding the survey. However, workers on short-term contracts or employed on a part-time basis are less frequently examined by the occupational physician. Women appear to benefit less from occupational safety and health measures than men.
Ministère du travail, des relations sociales et de la solidarité, Direction de l'Animation de la Recherche des Etudes et des Statistiques (DARES), 127 rue de Grenelle, 75007 Paris 07 SP, France, Jan. 2008, No.05.1, 8p. Illus. 6 ref.
La_prévention_des_risques_professionnels_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en francés]
Outline for compiling national profile of occupational safety and health
Методическое руководство по составлению национального обзора по охране труда. [en ruso]
Preparing a national OSH profile is a major step towards the creation of a realistic and efficient national programme of labour protection, allowing a systematic approach and evaluation of the entire range of instruments and resources available to a country to implement and improve its entire OSH system, adjusting it to proven international practices. This document prepared by the ILO Moscow Subregional Office describes the goals and objectives of a national profile, the general requirements for its preparation and the key elements of its content.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 44p. (en); 49p. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/info/publ/ne.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/info/publ/nr.pdf [en ruso]
Outline for compiling regional profile of occupational safety and health
Методическое руководство по составлению регионального обзора по охране труда. [en ruso]
Preparing a regional OSH profile is a major step towards the creation of a realistic and efficient regional programme of labour protection, allowing a systematic approach and evaluation of the entire range of instruments and resources available to a region to implement and improve the entire OSH system, adjusting it to a proven international practice, in line with efficient OSH requirements in the workplace. This document prepared by the ILO Moscow Subregional Office describes the goals and objectives of a regional profile, the general requirements for its preparation and the key elements of its content.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 30p. (en); 32p. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/info/publ/re.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/info/publ/rr.pdf [en ruso]
Occupational safety and health in the Republic of Uzbekistan - National profile
Охрана труда в Республике Узбекистан. - Национальный обзор. [en ruso]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; mechanisms of national policy revision; coordination and cooperation; practical means and instruments for implementing OSH policies; statistics of occupational accidents and diseases; employer and employee policy and programme; routine and current OSH activities; general information on the country; other relevant information; elements to be included in the analysis of the situation.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 48p. Illus. (en); 53p. Illus. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/uz_ohsprof2_en.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/uz_ohsprof2_en.pdf [en ruso]
Occupational safety and health in the Republic of Tajikistan - National profile
Охрана труда в Республике Таджикистан. - Национальный обзор. [en ruso]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Republic of Tajikistan. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; technical documentation; mechanisms of the formation of the national OSH policy; social partnership and coordination mechanisms; organization of the OSH system; statistics on occupational accidents and diseases; regular measures and routine work in the field of OSH; elements to be included in the analysis of the national OSH management system; general information on the country.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 47p. (en); 52p. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/tj_oshprof.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/tj_oshprof_ru.pdf [en ruso]
Occupational safety and health in the Kyrgyz Republic - National profile
Охрана труда в Кыргызской Республике. - Национальный обзор [en ruso]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Kyrgyz Republic. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; technical documentation; mechanisms of the formation of the national OSH policy; social partnership and coordination mechanisms; organization of the OSH system; statistics of occupational accidents and diseases; regular measures and routine work in the field of occupational safety; strength and weaknesses of the national OSH management system; general conclusions from the national profile; information resources (regulations, agreements, Internet, journals and other resources); methods for assessing statistical indicators; general information on the country.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 60p. (en); 67p. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kg_ohsprof2_en.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kg_oshprof2_ru.pdf [en ruso]
Occupational safety and health in the Republic of Kazakhstan - National profile
Охрана труда в Республике Казахстан. Национальный обзор. [en ruso]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; technical documentation; mechanisms of shaping the national OSH policy; social partnership and coordination mechanisms; organization of the OSH system; state and dynamics of occupational accidents and diseases; regular measures and routine work in the field of OSH; strength and weaknesses of the national OSH management system; general conclusions from the national profile; legal framework and information resources (regulations, agreements, Internet, journals and other resources); methods for assessing statistical indicators; general information on the country.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 137p. Illus. (en); 161p. Illus. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kz_ohsprof2_en.pdf [en inglés]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kz_oshprof2_ru.pdf [en ruso]
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