Workplace health promotion - 523 entradas encontradas
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Autoridade para as condições do trabalho (ACT)
WRs - Workers' OSH representatives
RT's - Representantes dos trabalhadores para a SST [en portugués]
This document is the paper version of the training manual on CD-ROM abstracted under ISN 111734. It is intended as a tool to train current and future OSH workers' representatives so that they acquire the necessary knowledge to carry out their work. Main topics covered: legal aspects; ergonomics; basic aspects of OSH; conditions of work; main tasks and procedures.
Instituto Bento de Jesus Caraça, Rua Victor Cordon 1, 1249-102 Lisbon, Portugal, 2010. 59p. Illus. 3 ref.
Autoridade para as condições do trabalho (ACT)
Guide for workers' OSH representatives
Guia do representante dos trabalhadores para a SST [en portugués]
This document is the paper version of the guide on the CD-ROM abstracted under ISN 111734. It is a guide for workers' representatives that is meant as a tool to support their OSH action. It describes the roles and obligations of government, employers, workers and their representatives.
Instituto Bento de Jesus Caraça, Rua Victor Cordon 1, 1249-102 Lisbon, Portugal, 2010. 62p. Illus.
Santos N.P., Dionísio H.
Autoridade para as condições do trabalho (ACT)
Training toolbox for workers' representatives in OHS
Mala pedagogica do representante dos trabalhadores para SST [en portugués]
This CD-ROM includes a guide and a training manual for workers' representatives as well as related documents. It is meant as a tool to support their OSH action. It describes the roles and obligations of government, employers, workers and their representatives.
Instituto Bento de Jesus Caraça, Rua Victor Cordon 1, 1249-102 Lisbon, Portugal, 2010. CD-ROM.
Autoridade para as condições do trabalho (ACT)
Manual - Stress in work premises
Manual - Stresse nos locais de trabalho [en portugués]
This CD-ROM includes a training manual for the prevention of stress at the workplace, together with related documents. The manual is divided into five modules: definition of stress; mechanisms and effects of stress on health; stressors at the workplace; consequences of stress; stress prevention and diagnosis. This course is aimed at managers, human resources staff and trade union representatives.
CGTP-IN, Rua Victor Cordon 1, 1249-102 Lisbon, Portugal, 2010. CD-ROM.
Vega Martínez S.
Intervención psicosocial: Guía del INRS para agentes de prevención
This information note summarizes a six-step approach to occupation stress prevention presented in a publication of the National French institute of research and safety (INRS).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. 2 ref.
NTP_860.pdf [en español]
Martinez-Losa Tobías J.F., Bestratén Belloví M.
Desarrollo de competencias y riesgos psicosociales (I)
This information note discusses the usefulness of implementing a model of skills development within the company to help management and workers to cope with psychosocial risks.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. Illus. 18 ref.
NTP_856.pdf [en español]
Canalejas Pérez P., Gadea Carrera E., Solórzano Fábrega M.
Recogida, transporte y almacenamiento de residuos sanitarios
This information note addresses the management of various types of medical wastes, and in particular the way they should be collected, transported and stored prior to disposal. It also presents the regulations which apply in the various Spanish autonomous communities.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus.
NTP_853.pdf [en español]
Aptel M., Gonon S., Larabi L., Bonneterre V., De Gaudemaris R., Paris C., Lasfargues G., et al.
Presentation of 2007 data of the National Network for the Vigilance and Prevention of Occupational Diseases (RNV3P)
Présentation des données 2007 du Réseau national de vigilance et de prévention des pathologies professionnelles (RNV3P) [en francés]
This article presents data for the year 2007 from the French National Network for the Vigilance and Prevention of Occupational Diseases (French acronym RNV3P), which analyses the main conditions for which experts from Occupational Pathology Consultation Centres (CCPPs) located within teaching hospitals were consulted and for which they diagnosed at least one possible occupational cause. For these health problems at work (HPW), 55% of patients were men and 45% women, with women on average younger than men. Mental disorders and behaviour concerned more than one HPW in four (27%). A relationship between, on one hand the main demographic variables (gender and age) or sector of employment and, on the other hand, occupational diseases, is demonstrated. Tumours were the most common diseases in patients aged more than 60 years, while skin diseases were the most frequent for those less than 30 years of age. According to CCPP physicians, over one third of patients diagnosed with HPW in 2007 were eligible for occupational disease compensation, mainly for diseases of the musculoskeletal system, and mental and behavioural disorders.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, Dec. 2010, No.124, p.423-441. Illus.3 ref.
TF_189.pdf [en francés]
Conservation-renovation: Protecting one's self for better protecting historical works of art
Conservation-restauration: savoir se protéger pour mieux protéger [en francés]
This article discusses occupational safety and health among renovators of works of art, ancient artefacts or historical monuments, who are exposed to various hazards: chemicals used in the renovation process; cramped or unsuited work areas, coupled with often awkward postures that involve onsite work; noise; lifting of heavy loads; work at height and risk of falls; stress resulting from urgent orders. The article emphasizes the importance of raising consciousness of the risks involved and informing workers.
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 2010, No.711, p.42-43. Illus.
Conservation-restauration.pdf [en francés]
Richez J.P., Larcher C., Ravallec C., Vaudoux D.
Design of premises and workplaces - Safety and health benefits from advance planning
Conception des lieux et situations de travail - La prévention profite de l'anticipation [en francés]
Designers, employers and safety and health professionals aim to better manage occupational hazards from earliest stages of planning. This collection of articles presents various examples of ergonomics and integrated safety and health in the following sectors: logistics; waste water treatment facilities; hypermarkets; manufacture of meat products; preformed concrete; quarries.
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 2010, No.711, p.14-33. Illus. 1 ref.
Conception_des_lieux.pdf [en francés]
Healthy workplaces: A model for action
In October 2009, and after a systematic review of literature on healthy workplaces, WHO held a workshop attended by the ILO, 56 experts from 22 countries, international worker and employer representatives and NGOs in official relations with WHO. The result was the healthy workplaces model that combines evidence-based approaches and principles of health protection and health promotion. The objective of this publication is to promote the model among employers, policy-makers and practitioners. Contents: why develop a healthy workplace initiative; definition of a healthy workplace; healthy workplace processes and avenues of influence; avenues of influence for a healthy workplace; initiating and sustaining a programme; keys to success; adapting to local contexts and needs.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2010. 26p. Illus. 7 ref.
Healthy_workplaces.pdf [en inglés]
WHO healthy workplace framework and model: Background and supporting literature and practice
The WHO healthy workplace model consists of a comprehensive way of addressing work-related physical and psychosocial risks, the promotion and support of healthy behaviours and the broader social and environmental determinants. This publication consists of a detailed presentation of the model. Contents: why develop a healthy workplace framework; history of global efforts to improve worker health; interrelationships of work, health and community; evaluating interventions; evidence for interventions that make workplaces safer; how to create a healthy workplace; global legal and policy context of workplace health; the WHO framework and model.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2010. v, 123p. Illus. 390 ref.
WHO_healthy_workplace.pdf [en inglés]
A global perspective of migration and occupational health
Global migration has dramatically increased over the past decade and is at an all-time high, approaching 200 million persons per year. Demographics and economic interdependence suggest that immigration will continue for the near future at record high levels. This article reviews the few studies that have investigated occupational injury and illness rates among immigrant populations. Existing data indicate that higher rates of fatal and non-fatal injuries are common compared to native populations. This increase is in part due to immigrants working in higher risk occupations (e.g., agriculture, construction), but occupational morbidity and mortality is higher among immigrants than native-born workers within occupational categories. Research is needed to identify the causes of increased risk among immigrants and to provide direction to effective public health interventions.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 2010, Vol.53, No.4, p.329-337. 51 ref.
2011 campaigns and prevention offers
Prävention: Kampagnen und Angebote 2011 [en alemán]
Prevenzione: campagne e proposte 2011 [en italiano]
Campagnes et offres de prévention 2011 [en francés]
Booklet listing the training and information material available from SUVA, grouped under the following headings: safety and health management; campaigns; often underestimated hazards; forestry; woodworking industry; ergonomics; health promotion; management of absenteeism; physical exercise; safety and health during leisure activities.
SUVA, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2010. 60p. Illus.
88089.f.pdf [en francés]
88089.d.pdf [en alemán]
88089.i.pdf [en italiano]
Workers' health and the crisis
A saúde dos trabalhadores e a crise [en portugués]
This article comments the possible effects of the economic crisis on Portuguese workers' health.
Segurança, Mar.-Apr. 2010, Vol XLV, No.195, p. 18-20. Illus.
Kojima R., Fujisawa D., Tajima M., Shibaoka M., Kakinuma M., Shima S., Tanaka K., Ono Y.
Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy training using brief e-mail sessions in the workplace: A controlled clinical trial
This case-control study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) training in improving depression and self-esteem in workers. A total of 261 white-collar workers were assigned to either an intervention group (137) or to a control group (124). The intervention group was offered participation in a group session with CBT specialists and three e-mail sessions with occupational health care staff. Between-group differences in the change in Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Self-Esteem Scale from baseline to three months after the end of training were assessed by analysis of covariance. All subjects in the intervention group completed the group session and 114 (83%) completed the three e-mail sessions. CES-D score decreased by 2.21 points in the intervention group but increased by 0.12 points in the control group. However, between-group difference in change of self-esteem scores was not significant. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Industrial Health, July 2010, Vol.48, No.4, p.495-502. Illus. 24 ref.
Efficacy_of_cognitive_behavioral_therapy.pdf [en inglés]
Liderazgo y condiciones de trabajo
This practical information sheet summarizes the main qualities needed for true leadership based on participation, respect for others and openness: competence, ethics, tenacity and common objectives. It presents a short self-assessment questionnaire on the essential attributes of an open leadership, the five "S-es", namely sincerity, serenity, simplicity, seriousness and sensitivity.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Mar. 2010, No.56, p.58-59. Illus. 1 ref.
Liderazgo_y_condiciones_de_trabajo.pdf [en español]
Bestratén Bellovi M.
Integrar la prevención como valor estratégico de servicio
Interview of the head of a family enterprise involved in the manufacture, erection and maintenance of industrial installations, having implemented OSH and quality management systems.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Mar. 2010, No.56, p.26-33. Illus.
Integrar_la_prevención.pdf [en español]
Tamir S., Adelman C., Weinberger J.M., Sohmer H.
Uniform comparison of several drugs which provide protection from noise induced hearing loss
The ability of drugs to reduce noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) has been evaluated in diverse experimental conditions (animal species, noise intensities, durations, assessment techniques, etc.), making it difficult to assess their relative efficacy. The present study was designed to provide more uniform comparisons and to allow a better understanding of the mechanism of the NIHL. The drugs studied included furosemide and the antioxidants N-acetyl-L-cysteine, vitamins A, C, E with the vasodilator magnesium. Mice were exposed to a continuous broadband noise (113 dB SPL for 3.5 hours) and the NIHL was assessed in all animals before noise exposure and 1 week after with auditory nerve brainstem evoked responses (ABR) to broadband clicks and to 8 kHz tone bursts. Each of the drugs alone and in combination led to similar reductions in NIHL.
Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 2010, 5:26, 7p. Illus. 20 ref.
Uniform_comparison_of_several_drugs.pdf [en inglés]
Brough P., O'Driscoll M.P.
Organizational interventions for balancing work and home demands: An overview
The effective management of work and non-work demands can have a significant effect on workers' health and performance. The last decade especially has seen an explosion of work-life balance research, resulting in substantial theoretical and practical advances. However, the published literature on organizational interventions to improve work-life balance is extremely sparse. This article provides some prominent examples of empirical research concerning work-life balance organizational interventions and note that these fall into three main groups: initiatives addressing working time and/or working hours, collaborative action research focused on improving workplace equity and performance levels, and initiatives to embed work-life balance within organizational cultures. It also comments on some common difficulties faced by researchers in evaluating interventions. The specific examples presented illustrate challenges to research on the effectiveness of work-life balance interventions. Researchers are encouraged to reconsider the use of merely descriptive rather than more rigorous research designs and to investigate the long-term effectiveness of organizational strategies to enhance work-life balance.
Work and Stress, 3rd quarter 2010, Vol.24, No.3, p.280-297. 59 ref.
Nielsen K., Toon T.W., Cox T.
The future of organizational interventions: Addressing the challenges of today's organizations
This article discusses issues to be considered to improve the effectiveness of organizational interventions. First, there is a need to understand how and why interventions work. This calls for an examination of the processes connecting interventions to the desired outcomes. Second, attention should be paid to the appropriateness of interventions. Problems may be difficult to address, for example when they constitute inherent conditions of the job. Third, the use of a quasi-experimental study design does not guarantee a valid picture of the effectiveness of an intervention. For example, control groups may not be comparable to the experimental group, or participants may not be reached by the intervention. Based on these considerations, it is concluded that mixed methods designs are needed.
Work and Stress, 3rd quarter 2010, Vol.24, No.3, p.219-233. 65 ref.
Lehtinen S., Rõa K., Merisalu E., Hussi T., Ahonen G., Rudakov M., Ridlewska-Liszkowska I., Sakowski P., Luikonen P., Skandfer M., Øvrum A., Rintamäki H.
Economic analysis in OHS
Экономический анализ охраны и гигины труда [en ruso]
Collection of articles in English and Russian on the economic aspects of safety and health of relevance to Baltic and Nordic countries. Topics covered: economic aspects of safety and health; economic analysis of occupational safety and health in Estonian enterprises; International forum on occupational safety and health; economics of occupational safety and health; economic effectiveness of occupational safety and health activities at a company level ; economic analysis of investment in occupational health; personnel monitoring and personnel reports; report on the 2nd Barents workshop on occupational health and on the 16th annual meeting of the Baltic sea network on occupational health and safety.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2010, Vol.13, No.3, p. 87-123 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Economic_analysis_in_OHS.pdf [en inglés]
Economic_analysis_in_OHS.pdf [en ruso]
Ylikoski M., Husberg W., Rudakov M., Hospu L., Simonen R., Halonen J., Konttinen J., Mattila E., Lindholm H., Leino T., Vingård E., Kivistö S., Lehtinen S.
Improving health at workplace
Укрепление здоровья на рабочем месте [en ruso]
Collection of articles in English and Russian on improving health at work of relevance to Baltic and Nordic countries. Topics covered: improving workers' health; improving working conditions as a basis for prevention of occupational diseases; effects of intensive health promotion in occupational health care settings; prevention of ill-health; return to work activities as part of mental health promotion; the psychosocial risk management - European framework (PRIMA-EF); the European network for workplace health promotion; the WHO healthy workplaces model; report on a meeting of the European network on workers' health.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2010, Vol.13, No.2, p. 47-83 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Improving_health_at_workplace.pdf [en inglés]
Improving_health_at_workplace.pdf [en ruso]
Beryllium and compounds
Béryllium et composés [en francés]
Exposure to beryllium dust, smoke or vapour may cause berylliosis, a chronic respiratory disease which may evolve towards cardiorespiratory insufficiency. This article explains the radiological and immunological examinations required for diagnosing berylliosis. Furthermore, beryllium is a known lung carcinogen, a fact established by a large body of both experimental and epidemiological studies. The 8h time-weighted average exposure limit in France has been fixed at 2μg/m3. Although berylliosis is recognized as an occupational disease in France, it is often not diagnosed as such and probably remains under-declared. Update of CIS 03-531.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, 4th Quarter 2010, No.169, 6p. 44 ref.
Resumen del informe sobre incentivos económicos para mejorar la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo: análisis desde la perspectiva europea
Summary of the report on economic incentives to improve occupational safety and health: A review from the European perspective [en inglés]
Résumé du rapport sur les incitations économiques visant à améliorer la sécurité et la santé au travail: un compte rendu du point de vue européen [en francés]
Economic incentives in occupational safety and health (OSH) refer to processes that reward organizations which develop and maintain safe and healthy working environments. These processes may include, for example, linking the OSH performance of an organization to fiscal incentives such as lower insurance premiums or tax rates. These aspects are summarized in this fact sheet, also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 3 ref.
Facts_95/EN.pdf [en inglés]
Facts_95/FR.pdf [en francés]
Facts_95/ES.pdf [en español]
Promoción de la salud en el trabajo para los empresarios
Workplace health promotion for employers [en inglés]
Promotion de la santé au travail pour les employeurs [en francés]
Workplace health promotion (WHP) is the combined effort of employers, employees and society to improve the health and well-being of people at work. Aimed at employers, this fact sheet explains that WHP is achieved by improving the work organization and working environment, promoting the participation of workers in healthy activities, enabling healthy choices, and encouraging personal development. It is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 8 ref.
Facts_93/EN.pdf [en inglés]
Facts_93/FR.pdf [en francés]
Facts_93/ES.pdf [en español]
Drolet D., Goyer N., Roberge B., Lavoué J., Coulombe M., Dufresne A.
Strategies for diagnosing workers' exposure to chemical substances
Stratégies de diagnostic de l'exposition des travailleurs aux substances chimiques [en francés]
The IRSST needs to adapt the reference tools that it publishes for Quebec occupational health and safety professionals as a result of recent changes to the Regulation respecting occupational health and safety (RROHS). This involves reviewing and updating the "Sampling strategy" section of the Sampling guide for air contaminants in the workplace. This report consists of the update to the sampling strategy for exposure to toxic substances by inhalation.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2010. xiv, 70p. Illus. 61 ref. Price: CAD 9.45. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
Rapport_R-665.pdf [en francés]
Geldart S., Smith C.A., Shannon H.S., Lohfeld L.
Organizational practices and workplace health and safety: A cross-sectional study in manufacturing companies
The results of a mail questionnaire addressed to 312 manufacturing firms in the province of Ontario (Canada) are presented. A cross-sectional analysis of workplace level health and safety policies, practices and attitudes was conducted, based upon lost-time frequency rate (LTFR) data. Lower LTFRs were associated with paternalistic initiatives, recording of occupational health and safety (OHS) measures, greater involvement of workers in decision-making and better managerial attitudes concerning the importance of OHS. Other findings are discussed.
Safety Science, June 2010, Vol.48, No.5, p.562-569. Illus. 27 ref.
Crawford J. O., George P., Graveling R.A., Cowie H., Dixon K.
Buen trabajo - Buena salud. Informe de investigación
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit. Forschungsbericht [en alemán]
Good work - Good health. Rapport de recherche [en francés]
Good work - Good health. Research report [en inglés]
The aim of the "Good Work, Good Health" was to examine mental wellbeing in the telecommunications industry in Europe. This was done through a systematic literature review of workplace factors that impact on mental wellbeing, together with interviews of telecommunications companies to identify good practice occurring. This report presents the findings of this research. It is also available in French, Spanish and German. See also ISN 110741.
Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM), Research Avenue North, Riccarton, Edinburgh, EH14 4AP, United Kingdom, 2010. xii; 97p. 43 ref. (PDF-Document).
Research_report.pdf [en inglés]
Rapport_de_recherche.pdf [en francés]
Informe_de_investigación.pdf [en español]
Research_report.pdf [en alemán]
Buen Trabajo - Buena Salud - Guía de buenas prácticas
Dobrá Práce - Dobré Zdraví - Pruvodce dobrou praxí [en checo]
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit - Good Practice Richtlinien [en alemán]
Καλή Εργασία - Καλή Υγεία - ΟΔΗΓΟΣ ΚΑΛΗΣ ΠΡΑΚΤΙΚΗΣ [en griego]
Good Work - Good Health - Good Practice Guidelines [en inglés]
Bra Arbete - God Hälsa - Riktlinjer För God Praxis [en sueco]
Good Work - Good Health - Guide des bonnes pratiques [en francés]
Buon lavoro - Buona salute - Norme di buona prassi [en italiano]
Dobre Praca - Dobre Zdrowie - Wytyczne Dobrej Praktyki [en polonés]
Bom Trabalho - Boa Saúde - Guia de boas Práticas [en portugués]
Good Work - Good Health - Ghid de bune practici [en rumano]
Hea töo - Hea tervis - Hea tava juhised [en estonio]
The "Good Work, Good Health" project was aimed at defining good practices on how to improve mental wellbeing of workers. A working group examined the scientific literature on mental health at work as well as policies and practices of a panel of representative European organizations in the telecommunication industry. These good practice guidelines are based on the results of the project. The guidelines are also available in French, Spanish, Czech, German, Estonian, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian and Swedish. See also 110742.
European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association (ETNO), 54 avenue Louise, 1050 Brussels, Belgium, 2010. 20p. Illus. (PDF-Document).
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en inglés]
Guide_des_bonnes_pratiques.pdf [en francés]
Guía_de_Buenas_Prácticas.pdf [en español]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en alemán]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en estonio]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en griego]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en italiano]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en polonés]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en portugués]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en rumano]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en sueco]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [en checo]
Implementing WSH 2018 for the marine sector in Singapore - Towards a progressive and pervasive safety and health culture
This document consists of the sector-specific plan to guide collective effort in achieving significant and sustained improvements in occupational safety and health in the Singapore marine sector, including shipbuilding, ship repair, rig building, offshore engineering, marine surveying services, salvaging of distressed vessels and cargo, as well as work done at anchorages. Contents: key statistics of the marine sector in Singapore, including accident statistics; roles and responsibilities; implementing Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) 2018 strategy for the marine sector in Singapore; action plans.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2010. 31p. Illus.
Implementing_WSH_2018_marine.pdf [en inglés]
Implementing WSH 2018 for the construction sector in Singapore - Towards a progressive and pervasive safety and health culture
This document consists of the sector-specific plan to guide collective effort in achieving significant and sustained improvements in occupational safety and health in the Singapore construction sector. Contents: key statistics of the construction sector in Singapore, including accident statistics; roles and responsibilities; implementing Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) 2018 strategy for the construction sector in Singapore; action plans.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2010. 34p. Illus.
Implementing_WSH_2018_construction.pdf [en inglés]
Improving workplace health management in Singapore
In 2005, Singapore adopted a new framework for workplace safety and health. This policy paper is an update of the original framework, taking into account recent developments in the national focus on managing safety at the workplace and the need to look into new and health-related workplace hazards. Two approaches to occupational health management are proposed, namely a compliance-based regulatory framework and a greater focus on eliminating or reducing occupational health hazards. Four strategies are proposed to address different classes (established, emerging and unknown) hazards: targeted intervention programmes; monitoring and intelligence gathering; research and standards development; promotion of good practices.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2010. 34p. Illus.
Improving_workplace.pdf [en inglés]
Making the link between health and productivity at the workplace - A global perspective
This article discusses the relationship between health and productivity at the workplace by reviewing the current status of the fields of workplace health promotion and health management. The prevailing chronic disease trends coupled with economic pressures have proven to be significant challenges for employers and employees alike. While an overall progress in workplace health promotion can be observed, the number of companies which take a proactive and integrated approach to workplace health remains small. Workplace health promotion programmes in the United States typically focus on the individual health risks of employees while their European counterparts target physical and, more recently, psychosocial hazards. A number of specific tools and programmes for integrated health management are described, including self-report instruments to measure presenteeism.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.251-255. Illus. 23 ref.
Gorner P., Simon X., Wrobel R., Kauffer E., Witschger O.
Laboratory study of selected personal inhalable aerosol samplers
Etude au laboratoire de quelques échantillonneurs individuels de la fraction inhalable [en francés]
Assessment of inhalable dust exposure requires reliable sampling methods in order to measure airborne inhalable particle concentrations. Many inhalable aerosol samplers are available but their performances widely vary and remain unknown in some cases. The sampling performance of inhalable samplers is strongly dependent on particle size and ambient air velocity. In this study, five inhalable aerosol samplers were evaluated in two laboratory wind tunnels using a polydisperse glass-bead test aerosol. Findings are discussed. Significant differences between moving air and calm air sampling efficiency were observed for all the studied samplers.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, June 2010, No.219, p.19-39. Illus. 75 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202327/$File/ND2327.pdf [en francés]
Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales, Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo (INSHT)
Límites de exposición profesional para agentes químicos en España 2010
Following an introduction consisting of a review of current Spanish and European regulations, this booklet contains the following sections: objectives and scope; definitions; new aspects addressed in the present edition; different types of exposure limits; sensitizing chemicals; list of occupational exposure limits; carcinogenic or mutagenic chemicals; exposure limits currently being revised; general comment on biological threshold limits; list of biological threshold limits; biological threshold limits currently being revised; methods of sampling and analysis. Appendices include: chemicals classified by CAS number; R-phrases; additional information. Replaces CIS 08-666.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 229p. 14 ref.
http://www.insht.es/InshtWeb/Contenidos/Documentacion/TextosOnline/Valores_Limite/Limites2010/LEP%202010%20ActualizadoMayo%281%29.pdf [en español]
Fit for life
Each year in the United Kingdom, 6000 new cases of lung cancer are diagnosed and 4000 deaths occur from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, due to occupational exposures. This article outlines the efforts being undertaken to address the thousands of deaths and cases of ill-health caused by airborne hazardous substances through a new scheme aimed at ensuring that respiratory protective equipment is fitted, worn and maintained in good condition.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Jan. 2010, Vol.28, No.1, p.54-56. Illus. 8 ref.
Economic incentives as a policy tool to promote safety and health at work
This review article discusses various types of incentives for promoting occupational safety and health (OSH) in light of economic theory and evidence from research. Governments can subsidize employers' investments in OSH with subsidies and tax structures. These incentives are successful only if the demand for OSH responds to the change in the price of OSH investments and if the suppliers of OSH are able to increase their production smoothly, failing which the subsidy will only lead to higher prices for OSH goods. Both public and private insurance companies can differentiate insurance premiums according to past claims. There is evidence that this can effectively lower the frequency of claims, but not the severity of cases. Policy implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.319-324 Illus. 19 ref.
Tompa E., Verbeek J., van Tulder M., de Boer A.
Developing guidelines for good practice in the economic evaluation of occupational safety and health interventions
One of the objectives of a workshop held in 2009 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands was to discuss methods for the economic evaluation of occupational safety and health interventions at the corporate and societal level. This article reviews the contributions made at the workshop and proposes framework principles and a set of recommendations to serve as the foundations for developing guidelines for good practices in this area.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.313-318. 24 ref.
Verbeek J., Pulliainen M., Kankaanpää E., Taimela S.
Transferring results of occupational safety and health cost-effectiveness from one country to another - A case study
There are a limited number of studies on the cost-effectiveness of occupational health and safety (OSH) interventions. Applying the results of a cost-effectiveness study from one country to another is hampered by institutional differences in national health care and social security systems. In order to find out how these problems can be overcome, this study transferred the results of a Dutch occupational cost-effectiveness study to the Finnish situation and vice-versa. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) were calculated for the target country, allocating costs to employers, employees and taxpayers. It is concluded that results of cost-effectiveness studies can be transferred from one country to another, but many adjustments are needed. An extensive description of the intervention, a detailed list of resource use, allocation of costs to various parties and detailed knowledge of the health care systems in the original studies are necessary to enable calculations.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.305-312. 17 ref.
Occupational safety - Science and practice: Special issue
In this special issue published to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Polish Central Institute for Labour Protection - National Research Institute, the individual departments present their activities. Topics addressed: international cooperation; fighting noise and vibration; safety engineering; chemical and aerosol hazards; ergonomics; electromagnetic hazards and static electricity; personal protective equipment; safety and health management; education; testing laboratories; qualification of personnel; certification of products and management systems; supply and dissemination of information; publications; promotion; OSH assessment services.
Bezpieczeństwo pracy, 2010, p.1-64 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Mainstreaming occupational safety and health into university education
Future engineers, architects, medical professionals and business administrators and managers will all need to take account of occupational safety and health (OSH) in their working lives. This report presents a variety of cases concerning how OSH has been included in university-level education in the European Union. However, relatively few examples were found where OSH education had been truly embedded within the curriculum of other undergraduate studies, such as a general engineering undergraduate course or a business studies course. courses. By highlighting cases from EU Member States, this report aims to provide practical support for the development of OSH programmes in university education.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 171p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/mainstream_osh_university_education [en inglés]
Sladeczek F., Hottenrott K.
Health promotion in enterprises - Seeking new inspiration
Betriebliche Gesundheitsförderung - auf der Suche nach neuen Impulsen [en alemán]
Enterprise-based health promotion programmes are considered essential for company success. This article describes a project undertaken by an institute for the evaluation of physical fitness and health improvement on behalf of a large chemical company, aimed at obtaining measurable improvements in occupational health parameters. It involved identifying new approaches to obtain greater employee participation in health programmes.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie, Apr. 2010, Vol.60, No.4, p.112-119. Illus. 6 ref.
Safe work in laboratories
Sicheres Arbeiten in Laboratorien [en alemán]
This article presents the report "Sicheres Arbeiten in Laboratorien", which itself is an update of an earlier version, and which is now available in English under the title "Working safety in laboratories - Basic principles and guidelines" The publication incorporates current German health and safety regulations for laboratories updated by the Fachausschuss Chemie. The Guidelines can be ordered directly from Jedermann-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany. Both versions of the report can be downloaded free of charge.
BG RCI magazin, May-June 2010, Vol.1, No.5-6, p.22.
http://bgi850-0.vur.jedermann.de/index.jsp?isbn=bgi850-0&alias=bgc_bi850_0_bi850_0e_1_ [en inglés]
http://bgi850-0.vur.jedermann.de/index.jsp [en alemán]
Ferreira J., Gray M., Hunter L., Birtles M., Riley D.
Health and Safety Executive
Development of an assessment tool for repetitive tasks of the upper limbs (ART)
Health and Safety Executive and Local Authority inspectors play an important role in preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). They require assessment tools that offer an intuitive and relatively quick process to screen workplaces for high-risk activities, raise awareness of risk factors, demonstrate the presence of risk and recommend areas for improvement. The Manual handling Assessment Charts tool (MAC) has been recognized as a useful process to screen workplaces for high-risk manual handling operations. The MAC tool is designed to identify and help assess high-risk manual handling operations. However, its scope is limited to manual handling of heavy items, which primarily present a risk of lower back disorders. There was a demand for a similar tool that inspectors can use to screen more frequent handling of light loads or other repetitive tasks and the common physical risk factors in work that may contribute to upper limb disorders (ULDs). This led to the development of the assessment of repetitive tasks (or ART) tool described in this report.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. viii, 55p. Illus. 29 ref.
Development_of_an_assessment_tool_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Cox T., Karanika-Murray M., Griffiths A., Wong Y.Y.V., Hardy C.
Health and Safety Executive
Developing the management standards approach within the context of common health problems in the workplace: A Delphi study
The objective of this research project was to provide evidence, arguments and recommendations in relation to the development of a more unified framework for the HSE's programme on health, work and wellbeing. Essentially, it was to determine whether the management standards approach could be used more widely to address the most common health problems at work. A better understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the management standards approach and its potential had to be developed. This need was addressed using a Delphi methodology, framed by a focussed review of the relevant scientific and professional literature, to elicit, harvest and explore expert knowledge in this area. Findings are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. vi, 74p. Illus. Approx. 100 ref.
RR_687.pdf [en inglés]
Buchanan T., Robertson M.
Health and Safety Executive
Lessons learned from the Large Organisations Partnership Pilot (LOPP)
The Large Organisations Partnership Pilot (LOPP) was a joint initiative, launched in October 2005, between the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the Local Authorities Coordinators of Regulatory Services (LG Regulation) to explore how engagement with large organisations having more than 10,000 employees in the United Kingdom with multi-site operations could be improved. The objectives of LOPP were to present a more coherent and coordinated face to large organisations, to secure improvements in safety and health outcomes in the participating organisations and to give participating organisations an early voice in discussions on emerging policy areas such as reward and recognition and alternative penalties. The experience over the three years provides a useful database for drawing practical lessons and determining the factors which influence the establishment of LOPP-style relationships for any future HSE/LA engagement with large organisations.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. iv, 93p. Illus.
RR_686.pdf [en inglés]
Brasseur G., Ginibrière G., Ravallec C., Vaudoux D.
Occupational cancers - State-of-the-art prevention
Cancers professionnels - Le nouveau visage de la prévention [en francés]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational cancers: progress achieved in prevention; traceability of exposures; exposure evaluation in a pharmaceutical enterprise; substitution of formaldehyde in a pathology laboratory; substitution of carcinogens in a fragrances enterprise; safety and health in a crop protection product enterprise; sinonasal cancer in the woodworking industry.
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 2009, No.700, p.16-33. Illus. 2 ref.
Cancers_professionnels.pdf [en francés]
Cheng A.S., Chan E.P.
The effect of individual job coaching and use of health threat in a job-specific occupational health education program on prevention of work-related musculoskeletal back injury
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of individual job coaching and use of health threat in a job-specific occupational health education programme in preventing work-related musculoskeletal back injuries during manual materials handling in construction labourers. Two hundred five Hong Kong labourers were recruited by 3-stage cluster sampling process and randomly assigned to receive different education programmes on manual materials handling. The control group was given a conventional programme, whereas the experimental group received a job-specific programme. A statistically-significant group difference was found in the knowledge and practical skills on manual materials handling after training. Furthermore, the results from 1-year cumulative incidence revealed a significantly lesser number of first-time reports of work-related musculoskeletal back injuries in the experimental group. These results indicate that job-specific education is an effective preventive strategy for work-related musculoskeletal back injury.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2009, Vol.51, No.12, p.1413-1421. 62 ref.
Finkelstein E.A., Linnan L.A., Tate D.F., Leese P.J.
A longitudinal study on the relationship between weight loss, medical expenditures, and absenteeism among overweight employees in the WAY to health study
The objective of this study was to quantify the extent to which successful weight loss among overweight or obese employees translates into subsequent savings in medical expenditures and absenteeism. The analysis relied on medical claims and absenteeism data collected from overweight and obese employees at 17 community colleges in North Carolina, USA. There was no evidence that participants achieving at least a 5% weight loss experienced reduced medical expenditures or lower absenteeism during the 12-month weight loss intervention or in the subsequent two years. These results suggest that a quick return on investment from weight loss programs, even effective ones, is unlikely. Nevertheless, as with other employee benefit decisions, the decision about whether to offer weight loss programs should take into account many factors, such as employee health, in addition to the potential for a quick return on investment.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2009, Vol.51, No.12, p.1367-1373. 14 ref.
de Sousa Uva A., Serranheira F., Prista J., Monge J., Santos C., Leite E.
From occupational safety and health to workers' safety and health: (Yet) a long way to go (6 parts)
Da saúde e segurança do trabalho à saúde e segurança dos trabalhadores: um (ainda) longo caminho a percorrer (6 partes) [en portugués]
Collection of articles on the safety and health of Portuguese workers, published in six consecutive issues of the journal. Topics addressed: history of occupational safety and health in Portugal; new strategies and new challenges in occupational safety and health; ergonomics at the place of work; occupational exposure to chemicals; organization of workers' medical supervision; occupational safety and health of older workers; occupational stress and burnout.
Segurança, Jan.-Feb. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.188, p.26-30. Illus. 19 ref.; Mar.-Apr. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.189, p.18-23. Illus. 14 ref.;May-June 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.190, p.22-26. Illus. 27 ref.; July-Aug. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.191, p.20-23. Illus. 4 ref.; Sep.-Oct. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.192, p.18-22. Illus. 20 ref.; Nov.-Dec. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.193, p.18-22. Illus. 13 ref.
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