Workplace health promotion - 523 entradas encontradas
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- Workplace health promotion
Working well - Guidance on promoting health and wellbeing at work
This guidance offers advice on how to promote employees' health and wellbeing, and cut down on sickness absence. Contents: view of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health; definition of wellbeing; managing health conditions and disabilities at work; key wellbeing issues; how employers should promote health; implementing a wellbeing strategy at the workplace. It includes several case studies of good practices implemented by enterprises and public administrations in the United Kingdom.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, Revised July 2012. 37p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Working_well_Guidance_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Setting standards in health and safety
This guide aims to help raise safety and health performance across all levels and sectors of employment by outlining the competences that staff need, and how these can be developed. Topics addressed: what constitutes competence; setting levels of competence in safety and health; training; who needs training; developing and maintaining competence. Appendices include: the qualifications and credit framework; how the different qualification levels relate to each other; case study of competence in safety and health at a nuclear power utility in the United Kingdom.safety
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, Feb. 2011. 17p. 9 ref.
Setting_standards_in_health_and_safety_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Systems in focus - Guidance on occupational safety and health management systems
This guide aims to support organizations planning to introduce occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems. Contents: introduction; main components of OSH management systems; overview of typical systems; regulatory and industry standards; whether management systems should be integrated; key features of an effective OSH management system; OSH management system certification; how to get started.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, May 2011. 28p. Illus. 37 ref.
Systems_in_focus_OSH_management_systems_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
What is the true return of your investments in occupational safety and health?
Quel est le réel rendement de vos investissements en prévention? [en francés]
This article presents a summary of the International Social Security Association (ISSA) on the return of investments in occupational safety and health (OSH) (see ISN 112459). Spending on OSH (personal protective equipment, training, medical supervision) brings about twice the amount in benefits in the form of lower absenteeism and added value (motivation, enterprise image, product quality, innovation).
Travail et santé, Dec. 2011, Vol.27, No.4, p.6-7. Illus. 3 ref.
Quel_est_le_réel_rendement_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE].pdf [en francés]
Tsai H.H., Peng S.M., Yeh C.Y., Chen C.J., Chen R.Y.
An effective physical fitness program for small and medium-sized enterprises
The aim of this study was to develop a practicable worksite physical fitness programme for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Community-based intervention consisting of a three-month exercise course was conducted, and its benefits evaluated. A self-administrated structured questionnaire and physical fitness examination were designed to compare the difference between pre and post intervention. After the intervention, health indicators such as weight, blood pressure, resting heart rate, waistline, BMI, front and back trunk flexibility, abdominal muscle durability and back muscle strength were significantly improved, and improvements in musculoskeletal disorders were seen in reduced neck, wrist and upper/lower back pain. Cardiovascular risk factors showed a significant improvement related to frequent participation in the programme and the exercise group reported a significant difference in overall health.
Industrial Health, May 2011, Vol.49, No.3, p.311-320. Illus. 40 ref.
An_effective_physical_fitness_program_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Summary of the Making Green Jobs Safe Workshop
This report summarizes the topics discussed at a workshop on making green jobs safe held in Washington DC, USA, 14-16 December 2009. Green jobs, which are defined broadly as jobs that help improve the environment and enhance sustainability, offer opportunities as well as challenges for workers. Examples of green jobs include manufacture, installation, and maintenance of solar panels and generators; construction and maintenance of wind energy turbines; jobs related to recycling; jobs related to the manufacture of green products; and jobs where green products are used in traditional fields such as agriculture, healthcare, and the service sector. In some instances, the hazards to workers may be similar to those in established industries. However, some green and sustainable practices may pose new health concerns for workers.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Aug. 2011. xi, 70p. 17 ref.
Summary_of_the_Making_green_jobs_safe_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Nilsen P., Holmqvist M., Hermansson U.
Alcohol prevention in Swedish occupational health care
The objective of this study was to investigate occupational health care (OHC) professionals' perceived knowledge concerning patient counselling on alcohol, perceived efficiency in achieving patient changes, use of questionnaires and biomarkers, amount and content of their alcohol-related continuous professional education (CPE), their reasons for participating in this CPE and improvements experienced in addressing alcohol issues in the last three years. Baseline 2005 and follow-up 2008 data were collected by means of anonymous questionnaires to participating physicians and nurses in the OHC programme. Findings are discussed. There were major improvements in the OHC professionals' perceived knowledge concerning alcohol counselling and efficiency in influencing patients' alcohol habits after participation in a comprehensive CPE project. Overall, the nurses achieved more improvements than the physicians.
Occupational Medicine, 2011, Vol.61, p.472-479. 23 ref.
Gurt J., Schwennen C., Elke G.
Health-specific leadership: Is there an association between leader consideration for the health of employees and their strain and well-being?
The aim of this study was to examine the concept of health-specific leadership, differentiate it from sound general leadership and identify whether it has an impact on employee strain, alongside general sound leadership practices. Health-specific leadership is conceptualized as the leader's explicit consideration of and engagement in employee health. The study is based on research in the field of leadership impact on employee strain, health and well-being, extended by recent findings of the importance of domain-specific leadership constructs. As indicated by previous relevant studies, psychological climate for health, role ambiguity and job satisfaction were included as mediating variables. Using structural equation modelling, a sample of 1027 employees of the German tax administration was examined. The results show differential effects for health-specific and general sound leadership. While neither of these two aspects of leadership exhibited a direct association with employee strain, general sound leadership practices were significantly related to lower employee strain through lower levels of role ambiguity, better psychological climate for health and higher job satisfaction. Health-specific leadership was associated with higher levels of psychological climate for health, but also higher role ambiguity.
Work and Stress, 2nd quarter 2011, p.108-127. Illus. Approx. 70 ref.
Robson L.S., Stephenson C.M., Schulte P.A., Amick B.C., Irvin E.L., Eggerth D.E., Chan S., Bielecky A.R., Wang A.M., Heidotting T.L., Peters R.H., Clarke J.A., Cullen K., Rotunda C.J., Grubb P.L.
A systematic review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety training
The objective of this literature survey was to examine whether occupational safety and health (OSH) training has a beneficial effect on workers. Ten bibliographic databases were searched for pre-post randomized trial studies published in journals between 1996 and November 2007. Training interventions were included if they were delivered to workers and were concerned with primary prevention of occupational illness or injury. The methodological quality of each relevant study was assessed and data was extracted. The impacts of OSH training in each study were summarized by calculating the standardized mean differences. Twenty-two studies met the relevance criteria of the review. They involved a variety of study populations, occupational hazards and types of training. Strong evidence was found for the effectiveness of training on worker OSH behaviours, but insufficient evidence was found of its effectiveness on health. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2011, 25p. Illus. 66 ref.
A_systematic_review.pdf [en inglés]
Ravallec C., Brasseur G., Lemarié J.
Seasonal work - Remaining alert to safety while on vacation
Travail saisonnier - La sécurité en éveil pendant les vacances [en francés]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational hazards related to seasonal work and their prevention: responsibilities of employers; legal aspects; agricultural seasonal workers; consciousness-raising comic album aimed at workers in hospitality and catering; work-sharing system developed by a group of employers in a tourist region of France; management of seasonal workers at an aquatic park; practical cases (aquatic park, pleasure boats, manufacture of blinds, luxury hotel).
Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 2011, No.719, p.18-33. Illus. 4 ref.
Travail_saisonnier.pdf [en francés]
Recommendations for the occupational health surveillance of workers exposed to the carcinogenic effect of wood dust
Recommandations pour la surveillance médico-professionnelle des travailleurs exposés à l'effet cancérogène des poussières de bois [en francés]
Developed by the French society for occupational medicine, these recommendations for the occupational health surveillance of workers exposed to the carcinogenic effects of wood dust are presented in this article as a short version as well as in the form of a summary sheet. Appendices include a check-list for the medical surveillance of exposed workers and medical information to be provided prior to conducting a nasal fibroscopy for sinonasal adenocarcinoma screening.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd quarter 2011, No.126, p.199-212. 3 ref.
TM_17.pdf [en francés]
Gerardo Ribeiro M., dos Reis Pedeira Filho W., Riederer E.E.
Qualitative evaluation of chemical hazards - Basic guidance for controlling the exposure to chemicals in the printing sector
Avalição qualitativa de riscos químicos - Orientações básicas para o controle da exposição a productos químicos em gráficas [en portugués]
The objective of this publication is to help enterprises in the printing sector improve their practices with respect to the storage, handling and identification of chemicals. It proposes a qualitative approach for assessing chemical risks, determining and implementing control measures, and evaluating proposed improvements.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 06409-002, Brazil, 2011. 123p. Illus. 18 ref.
Avalição_qualitativa.pdf [en portugués]
Sweden: Regional safety representatives, a model that is unique in Europe
Suède: les représentants régionaux à la sécurité, un modèle unique en Europe [en francés]
This article describes the activities of Sweden's 2000 regional safety representatives appointed by trade unions, which are particularly focussed on SMEs.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.32-35. Illus.
Suède.pdf [en francés]
In Romania, work still bad for health
En Roumanie, le travail ce n'est pas encore la santé [en francés]
This article comments statistical trends showing important improvements in the rates of occupational accidents and fatalities in Romania. It argues that while the improvements are partly due to better labour inspection and prevention measures, they are also explained by the closure of many unsafe mines and dangerous workplaces.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.29-31. Illus
En_Roumanie.pdf [en francés]
GPs and occupational doctors: Talking is key
Généraliste et médecin du travail: l'indispensable dialogue [en francés]
Interviews of two Belgian occupational physicians on the need for improved communications with general practitioners.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.26-28. Illus.
Généraliste_et_médecin_du_travail.pdf [en francés]
Work and health: How some are more equal than others
Travail et santé: pourquoi certains sont plus égaux que d'autres [en francés]
This article discusses the differences in state of health, life expectancy and the number of years of disability-free expectancy between blue and white-collar workers, as well as according to workers' social level.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.12-16. Illus. 10 ref.
Travail_et_santé.pdf [en francés]
Social inequalities in health: The impact of work
Inégalités sociales de santé: l'impact du travail [en francés]
Introduction to a series of articles (see ISN 112093-112097) on the relationship between occupational health and social level, gender and sectoral or national economic factors.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.10-11. Illus.
Inégalités_sociales.pdf [en francés]
Resolución 75/2011 - Reglamento de condiciones mínimas de trabajo decente en los campamentos rurales.
This resolution of 14 February 2011 approves the Regulation concerning the minimum decent working conditions in rural work camps, particularly with respect to workers' housing conditions.
Gobierno de la Provincia de Santa Fe, Tres de Febrero 2600, Ciudad de Santa Fe 3000, Argentina, 14 February 2011, 1p. (PDF Document).
Occupational hygiene and risk prevention: A complementary science to occupational medicine
Hygiène du travail et prévention des risques: une science complémentaire à la médecine du travail [en francés]
The purpose of occupational health is to ensure healthy working conditions and healthy workers. Occupational hygiene focuses on the working environment in order to manage the hazards and thus protect workers from disease. This review article presents this branch of activity with its specific aspects, highlighting its complementarity with occupational medicine.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, 2nd quarter 2011, No.171, 10p. Illus. 25 ref.
Itani T., Vanadzins I., Matisāne L., Chernova L., Shepovalova A., Gunnarsson K., Hasle P., Palmgren H.
Малые предприятия [en ruso]
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health in small-scale enterprises of interest to Nordic and Arctic region countries. Contents: occupational safety and health in small-scale enterprises and the informal economy; challenges for occupational safety and health in SMEs in Latvia; entrepreneurs in small-scale enterprises; results from a research centre supporting work ability in SMEs, a challenge for the Finnish occupational health services.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2011, Vol.14, No.1, p.3-27 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Small-scale_enterprises.pdf [en inglés]
Kriebel D., Jacobs M.M., Markkanen P., Tickner J.
Lessons learned - Solutions for workplace safety and health
This report documents six case studies of systemic failures in protecting workers from injury and illness, and outlines some paths forward that can more effectively protect workers, the communities in which they live, consumers and the environment, while stimulating innovation in safer forms of production.
Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 01854, USA, 2011. 129p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Lessons_learned.pdf [en inglés]
Work-related tooth problems
Mal de dents lié au travail [en francés]
Workers in industrial bakeries as well as in the biscuit, chocolate and sweets industries are exposed to the risk of tooth cavities caused by airborne sugar dust. In the chemical and metal coating industries, workers risk tooth erosion from exposure to acid fumes and aerosols. In Belgium, these problems are considered occupational diseases warranting compensation. This article summarizes the main occupational hazards to teeth, together with the preventive measures to be implemented by employers (limitation of airborne sugar and acids by means of ventilation and good work practices, health programmes aimed at promoting workers' dental hygiene).
Prevent Focus, May 2011, p.16-18. Illus.1 ref.
Brasseur G., Bondéelle A., Clergiot J.
Unusual work schedules - Work that's out of time
Horaires atypiques - Contretemps de travail [en francés]
Close to two workers in three work with unusual schedules, differentiated from the implicit social norm according to which a working day stretches from morning to early evening, according to schedules fixed in advance, with a two-day rest during the weekend. This collection of articles presents various usual work schedule situations (shift work, night work, air and road transport), describes some of the harmful effects (sleep disturbances, breast cancer) and discusses the available safety and health measures for against these effects (work rests, work-time organization and regulatory measures).
Travail et sécurité, May 2011, No.717, p.22-37. Illus.
Horaires_atypiques.pdf [en francés]
Bohadana A.B., Hannhart B., Ghezzo H., Teculescu D., Zmirou-Navier D.
Exhaled nitric oxide and spirometry in respiratory health surveillance
Exposure to pollutants in bakeries and hairdressing salons can cause airway syndromes varying from bronchial irritation to asthma. Workplace respiratory health surveillance aims to identify possible cases requiring further investigation. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)) and spirometry for health surveillance of apprentice bakers (ABs) and apprentice hairdressers (AHDs). Determinants of FE(NO) were also identified. Symptoms and physician-diagnosed asthma were evaluated by questionnaire. FE(NO) was measured and spirometry was carried out. Subjects with elevated FE(NO), airway obstruction (one-second forced expiratory volume (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) < 95th percentile) and atopy were identified. A total of 126 apprentices (59 ABs and 67 AHDs) participated. Twenty-nine (23%) apprentices had abnormal tests: four had associated high FE(NO) and airway obstruction, while 25 had either high FE(NO) or airway obstruction alone. Compared with ABs, AHDs had more asthma (38% versus 0%) and atopy (62% versus 6%). There was no difference in symptoms, smoking FE(NO) or airways obstruction. Among 97 subjects with normal tests, no differences were found between ABs and AHDs. Average FE(NO) was increased in atopic non-smokers compared with atopic smokers and non-atopic subjects. Smoking, a history of allergies, FEV1/FVC and respiratory symptoms were the main determinants of FE(NO).
Occupational Medicine, 2011, Vol.61, p.108-114. Illus. 30 ref.
OSH in thermal units: Good practices' manual
A SST em unidades termais: Manual de boas prácticas [en portugués]
Main topics covered by this manual of best practices in occupational safety and health in thermal centres: overview of the thermal sector in Portugal; promoting prevention in thermal centres; occupational risk assessment; ergonomic assessment of a job in balneotherapy; fire prevention and fighting; safety signalling; causes of accidents and accident costs.
Centro tecnológico das instalações e dos equipamentos da saúde (CETIES), Portugal, 2011. 338p. Illus. 22 ref. + CD-ROM.
Associação Empresarial de Portugal (AEP), Programa Operacional de Assistência Técnica (POAT)
Prevent!ng - Prevention as a solution: Rubber and plastics industry
Preven!r - Prevenção como solução: Indústria da borracha e das matérias plásticas [en portugués]
This CD-ROM includes a manual on good working practices in the rubber and plastics industry in Portugal. The analysis of this sector was part of a larger technical assistance programme, whose main objective was to support companies to implement measures to achieve desired operational efficiency, with a focus on occupational safety and health. The programme is primarily aimed at small and medium enterprises.
www.prevenirparainovar.com, Portugal, 2011. CD-ROM.
Associação Empresarial de Portugal (AEP), Programa Operacional de Assistência Técnica (POAT)
Prevent!ng - Prevention as a solution: Food and beverage industry
Preven!r - Prevenção como Solução: Indústria da alimentação e das bebidas [en portugués]
This CD-ROM includes a report on safety and health in the food and beverage industry in Portugal. The analysis of this sector was part of a larger technical assistance programme, whose main objective was to support companies to implement measures to achieve desired operational efficiency, with a focus on occupational safety and health. The programme is primarily aimed at small and medium enterprises.
www.prevenirparainovar.com, 2011. CD-ROM.
Li Y., Sato Y., Yamaguchi N.
Shift work and the risk of metabolic syndrome - A nested case-control study
The objective of this study was to examine the association between shift work and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) using a large-scale longitudinal study design. Data were collected from a historical cohort of health checkups in the Japanese population. The baseline survey, which involved 16,952 inhabitants of the Minami Saku area of the Nagano Prefecture, was started in 1978. A nested case-control study was conducted between 1987 and 1990. This analysis was restricted to 6,712 men and women (age range 25-59 years). A conditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the risk of MetS associated with shift work. Compared with the day workers, shift workers had a significantly higher risk of MetS (odds ratio 1.87). It is suggested that the risk of MetS among shift workers be managed by educating this population to adopt suitable dietary habits.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2011, Vol.17, p.154-160. 35 ref.
Colkesen E.B., Niessen M.A., Peek N., Vosbergen S., Kraaijenhagen R.A., van Kalken C.K., Tijssen J.G., Peters R.J.G.
Initiation of health-behaviour change among employees participating in a web-based health risk assessment with tailored feedback
Primary prevention programmes at the worksite that include a web-based health risk assessment (HRA) with tailored feedback hold the advantage of simultaneously increasing awareness of risk and enhancing initiation of health-behaviour change. This study evaluated initial health-behaviour change among employees who voluntarily participated in such a HRA programme. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2289 employees who voluntarily participated in a HRA programme at seven Dutch worksites between 2007 and 2009. The HRA included a web-based questionnaire, biometric measurements, laboratory evaluation and tailored feedback. The survey questionnaire assessed initial self-reported health-behaviour change and satisfaction with the web-based HRA, and was e-mailed four weeks after employees completed the HRA. More than half of the employees who voluntarily participated in a web-based HRA with tailored feedback, reported to have initiated health-behaviour change. Self-reported initiation of health-behaviour change was more frequent among those at high cardiovascular disease risk and BMI levels. These findings indicate that among voluntary participating employees, a web-based HRA with tailored feedback may motivate those in greatest need of health-behaviour change and may be a valuable component of workplace health promotion programmes.
Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 2011, No.6:5, 7p. 31 ref.
Initiation_of_health-behaviour_change.pdf [en inglés]
Radon K., Carvalho D., Calvo M.J., Struempell S., Herrera V., Wengenroth L., Kausel G., Marchetti N., Rojas D.S., Russ P., Hege I.
Implementation of virtual patients in the training for occupational health in Latin America
Health professionals trained in occupational health are essential to reduce the burden of occupational accidents and diseases. However, training resources are limited globally. This article presents the development and validation of an e-learning system for occupational health, suited to the specific conditions of Latin American countries.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1st quarter 2011, Vol. 17, No.1, p.63-70. Illus. 17 ref.
Kriebel D., Jacobs M.M., Markkanen P., Tickner J.
Lessons learned - Solutions for workplace safety and health
This report presents six case studies that illustrate systemic failures to protect workers, communities and the environment such as: immigrant workers killed and severely burned in house fires caused by the chemicals used to refinish wood floors; health care workers, hotel housekeepers, as well as meat and poultry workers disabled by back injuries and other musculoskeletal strain from long hours of awkward postures and repetitive movements; long and avoidable delays in the scientific and legal proceedings used to set health standards protecting workers from cancer-causing chemicals. The report identifies seven high-priority strategies for making workplaces safer. While improved regulations and enforcement are clearly needed, there are many other opportunities to improve workers' health and safety. A key conclusion is that work-related injury and illnesses could be prevented if chemicals, production processes and technologies were designed with worker health in mind. "Prevention through design" initiatives are now being used to design buildings that eliminate hazards and make jobs, products, and materials inherently safer.
Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, University of Massachusetts Lowell, One University Ave., Kitson 210, Lowell, MA 01854, USA, 2011. iii, 129p. Illus. Bibl. Ref. Price: USD 40.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Lessons_learned.pdf [en inglés]
Bondéelle A., Brasseur G., Clergiot J., Ravallec C., Richez J.P., Vaudoux D.
Occupational safety and health professions - Multiple functions for a single mission
Métiers de la prévention et de la sécurité au travail - De multiples fonctions pour une unique mission [en francés]
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health services. Contents: role of external safety and health specialists and consultants; activities of an institutional occupational safety and health service in a French region; role and activities of occupational physicians and occupational health nurses; activities of an ergonomics consultancy; safety and health coordinators in the building industry.
Travail et sécurité, Mar. 2011, No.715, p.20-38. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Sirola-Karvinen P., Jurvansuu H., Rautio M., Husman P.
Cocreating a health-promoting workplace
Managing well-being at work has so far been quite fragmented, without a well-defined holistic method for promoting health and well-being at work. This article presents a comprehensive tool for this purpose, entitled TEDI, based on the salutogenic approach to health promotion, positive organizational scholarship and a solution-based way of acting. It is founded on participation, commitment, and empowerment. Examples of TEDI pilot implementation in several organizations are provided.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2010, Vol.52, No.12, p.1269-1272. Illus. 25 ref.
Cocreating_a_health-promoting_workplace_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [en inglés]
Napo stories - Safety with a smile
Collection of 12 films portraying cartoon character Napo. Topics addressed: safety signs; cleaning; noise; young workers; manual lifting; chemicals; skin protection; maintenance.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. Two DVD-ROMs.
Napo_stories_Safety_with_a_smile_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
The_Napo_series_of_films_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Guide for the establishment of the programme on occupational safety and health for working women in French speaking West Africa
Guide d'orientation pour la mise en place du programme de formation en sécurité et santé au travail des femmes travailleuses [en francés]
This guide for the establishment of a programme on on occupational safety and health for working women in French speaking West Africa, aimed at trainers, includes a description of the available courses, methods for their implementation, practice exercises for the training of trainers and a self-assessment guide for the training sessions.
ILO Subregional Office for the Sahel Region, Immeuble EPI, B.P.404, Dakar, Senegal, Dec. 2010. 27p.
Schulte P.A., Heidel D., Okun A., Branche C.
Making green jobs safe
This editorial argues that while green jobs may be perceived to be safe, this is not necessarily the case considering that their prime purpose is to produce green products and services aimed at preserving or restoring environmental quality. It provides examples of where environmental protection has led to increased hazards for workers and recommends that occupational safety and health be duly considered on an equal footing with environmental protection.
Industrial Health, 2010, Vol.48, p.377-379. 12 ref.
Making_green_jobs_safe_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Ott M.G., Yong M., Zober A., Nasterlack M., Messerer P., Pluto R.P., Lang S., Oberlinner C.
Impact of an occupational health promotion program on subsequent illness and mortality experience
A cohort of 24,586 employees of a large German chemical company aged 35 or more with 15 or more years' of experience was established to assess morbidity and mortality outcomes relative to participation in an on-going health initiative instituted in 1983. Outcomes were evaluated for employees who attended the programme (attendees), those who had been admitted to the programme but had opted to not participate (withdrawals) and those who had not or not yet been selected to participate (non-participants). At entry to follow-up, the prevalence of chronic illnesses including diabetes, obesity, and diseases of the circulatory system was lowest among non-participants and highest among withdrawals. During the follow-up period, the incidence of new disease conditions was similar between attendees and non-participants; however, overall mortality was significantly reduced among attendees after adjustment for explanatory factors including age, job grade, smoking history, alcohol intake, and body-mass-index (relative risk 0.83) and was still marginally decreased when withdrawals were combined with attendees. Although self-selection cannot be ruled out as a contributing factor to the reduction in mortality risk among attendees, findings indicate that offering health promotion activities in the context of an existing occupational health programme may benefit overall employee health.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Dec. 2010, Vol.83, No.8, p.887-894. Illus. 11 ref.
Impact_of_an_occupational_health.pdf [en inglés]
van Oostrom S.H., Heymans M.W., de Vet H.C., van Tulder M.W., van Mechelen W., Anema J.R.
Economic evaluation of a workplace intervention for sick-listed employees with distress
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost effectiveness, cost utility and cost benefit of a workplace intervention compared with usual care for sick-listed employees with distress. An economic evaluation was conducted alongside a randomised controlled trial. Employees with distress and who were sick-listed for 2-8 weeks were randomised to a workplace intervention (n=73) or to usual care (n=72). The workplace intervention is a stepwise process involving the sick-listed employee and their supervisor, aimed at formulating a consensus-based plan for return to work (RTW). The effect outcomes were lasting RTW and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Healthcare utilisation was measured over 12 months. Cost effectiveness analyses (CEA) and cost utility analyses (CUA) were conducted from the societal perspective and cost benefit analyses (CBA) from the employer perspective. Bootstrapping techniques were used to estimate cost and effect differences, and cost effectiveness and cost utility ratios. Cost effectiveness planes were presented and subgroup analyses were performed. CEA and CUA revealed no statistically significant differences in lasting RTW, QALYs or costs. The CBA indicated a statistically significant higher cost of occupational health services in the workplace intervention group. The workplace intervention was not cost effective according to the CEA, CUA and CBA. Widespread implementation of the workplace intervention for sick-listed employees with distress is not recommended because there is no economic benefit compared with usual care.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2010, Vol.67, No.9, p.603-610. Illus. 37 ref.
GlaxoSmithKline: Towards still better training
GlaxoSmithKline: vers une formation toujours plus performante [en francés]
This article presents the policy, the organization, the programmes and the activities of a Belgian pharmaceutical company in the area of occupational safety and health training.
Prevent Focus, Sep. 2010, p.16-19. Illus.
Hasle P., Bager B., Granerud L.
Small enterprises - Accountants as occupational health and safety intermediaries
There is an on-going search for ways that authorities and professional bodies can efficiently reach out to small enterprises with preventive measures. It has been suggested that accountants could act as intermediaries on occupational safety and health (OSH). A pilot project was carried out in Denmark to test this possibility. State-authorized accountants were invited to training seminars to give them the necessary OSH knowledge to provide advice to small enterprises. 164 accountants participated in the seminars and 74 accountants replied to a follow up questionnaire concerning their experience of advising their small enterprise clients about OSH. For most accountants, it was a positive experience. However, they also faced certain constraints. This study concludes that it is possible for accountants to act as OSH intermediaries, but that institutional support for the training activities is important to secure a broader application of this approach.
Safety Science, 2010, Vol.48, p.404-409. 32 ref.
Small_enterprises.pdf [en inglés]
Maintenance at Total Belgium, or safety culture
La maintenance chez Total Belgium ou la culture de la sécurité [en francés]
This article presents the occupational safety and health efforts undertaken by the maintenance contractor of a large refinery owned by a major oil company in the port of Antwerp, Belgium.
Prevent Focus, Oct. 2010, p.8-10. Illus.
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
La cultura de la prevención en riesgos del trabajo es un proyecto nacional
This document on the prevention of occupational hazards in Argentina presents a broad overview of efforts undertaken in the various provinces. Individual summary sheets provide key information for each province, describing the progress made and presenting general information as well as employment and accident statistics.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Bartolomé Mitre 751, C1036AAM Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, no date. 28p. Illus. pdf document.
Bin W.S., Richardson S., Yeow P.H.
An ergonomics study of a semiconductors factory in an IDC for improvement in occupational safety and health
The study aimed to conduct an ergonomic intervention on a conventional line (CL) in a semiconductor factory in Malaysia, an industrially developing country (IDC), to improve workers' occupational safety and health (OSH). Low-cost and simple (LCS) ergonomics methods were used (suitable for IDCs), e.g., subjective assessment, direct observation, use of archival data and assessment of noise. It was found that workers were facing noise irritation, neck and back pains and headache in the various processes in the CL. LCS ergonomic interventions to rectify the problems included installing noise insulating covers, providing earplugs, installing elevated platforms, slanting visual display terminals and installing extra exhaust fans. The interventions cost less than 3 000 USD but they significantly improved workers' OSH, which directly correlated with an improvement in working conditions and job satisfaction. The findings are useful in solving OSH problems in electronics industries in IDCs as they share similar manufacturing processes, problems and limitations.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2010, Vol.16, No.3, p.345-356. Illus. 28 ref.
Martínez de Linarez M., Berrade Urbano C., Obiols Quinto J., Solans Lampurlanés X.
Fabricación de principios activos farmacéuticos y medicamentos potentes. Instalaciones y personal
This technical note establishes design criteria for facilities involved in pharmaceutical active ingredient manufacture, aimed at minimizing the potential risk of workers' exposure to these substances, as well as the requirements to be met by personnel handling these substances.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 12 ref.
NTP_879.pdf [en español]
Orriols Ramos R.M., Cortés Domènech M., Alonso Espadalé R.M.
Riesgo biológico: metodología para la evaluación de equipos cortopunzantes con dispositivos de bioseguridad
The objective of this technical note is to guide health care professionals in the selection of sharps designed to maximize biological safety. A methodology for assessing the degree of safety of equipment with built-in biosafety is proposed.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. 14 ref.
NTP_875.pdf [en español]
Cavallé Oller N.
Agentes químicos: aplicación de medidas preventivas al efectuar la evaluación simplificada por exposición inhalatoria
This technical note presents simplified methodologies for managing inhalation exposure risk, including the approach described in COSHH Essentials (see CIS 00-675) for defining various categories of potential risk. It describes the various types of existing control methods and how they relate to preventive actions required by the Spanish Royal Decree RD 374/2001.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 7 ref.
NTP_872.pdf [en español]
Hernández Calleja A., Luna Mendaza P.
El informe higiénico. Pautas de elaboración
This technical note on the occupational hygiene report following the hazard assessment and exposure evaluation to chemical, physical and/or biological agents during tasks performed within the enterprise, describes the elements which this document has to include as well as its structure.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 3 ref.
NTP_863.pdf [en español]
Shanahan E.M., Lindemann I., Ahern M.J.
Engaging medical students in occupational and environmental medicine - A new approach
The objective of this study was to renew a curriculum in occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) within a graduate medical programme in Australia, with an emphasis on student involvement to maximize their interest in the topic. A second year student cohort of a four-year graduate medical programme was surveyed as to their preferences for the content of a short course of OEM embedded in their medical course. The course was extensively rewritten as a result of the student survey, with a number of topics deleted from the old course and new topics added. In order to validate the content of the new course, local occupational physicians (OPs) were also surveyed as to their opinion of an appropriate curriculum in OEM for medical students. The new course was taught to the subsequent cohort of second year medical students. The students' ratings of the course pre- and post-revision were compared. The student satisfaction rates of the course significantly improved as a result of the changes. The content of the student-led curriculum was mostly similar to the course proposed by the local OP with a few key exceptions.
Occupational Medicine, Oct. 2010, Vol.60, No.7, p.566-568. 10 ref.
Martus P., Jakob O., Rose U., Seibt R., Freude G.
A comparative analysis of the work ability index
The Work Ability Index (WAI) is a well-established instrument to measure work ability. The objective of this study was to identify the dimensionality of the WAI and to investigate dependencies of factors and subscales. The sample analysed in this study consisted of 371 subjects of various occupational groups (teachers, office workers, nursery school teachers and managers). The WAI was measured for all subgroups. Psychometric characteristics of the WAI were investigated using factor analyses with different numbers and different patterns of dependency among the factors. Chi-square analysis and the Comparative Fit Index were used to statistically assess fit quality. Findings are discussed. It is concluded that using only the total score of the WAI is not adequate for population analysis and assessment of work ability. Instead, a two-dimensional structure must be taken into account.
Occupational Medicine, Oct. 2010, Vol.60, No.7, p.517-524. Illus. 26 ref.
Liguori G., Parlato A., Gallè F., Avilia F., Mancusi C., Sorrentino E., Di Onofrio V., Palumbo M., Signoriello G., Visciano A., Orlando O., Capozza G.
Quality of swimming pool water and health of employees
La qualitá dell'acqua delle piscine ad uso natatorio e la salute degli operatori
A survey was conducted among workers of public swimming pools in Naples in order to acquire data on their knowledge and behaviour with respect to workplace safety as well as on their health conditions. Seventeen facilities (4 indoor and 13 outdoor) participated in the study. Of 253 questionnaires distributed, 153 were returned, (71.8% participation rate). Workers from the indoor facilities were more aware about safety than those from outdoor pools (albeit still at an unsatisfactory level) and suffered more often from respiratory problems - the most common ailment reported - which is likely due to the longer duration of their activity in these environments. Workers from outdoor facilities were more often affected by various types of infections, which is likely due to their poor personal hygiene and inappropriate behaviour, or to the inactivation of disinfectants by sunlight. These and other findings are discussed and proposals for improvements are proposed.
Prevenzione oggi, Jan.-June 2010, Vol.6, No.1/2, p.33-42. 32 ref.
Autoridade para as condições do trabalho (ACT)
WRs - Workers' OSH representatives
RT's - Representantes dos trabalhadores para a SST [en portugués]
This document is the paper version of the training manual on CD-ROM abstracted under ISN 111734. It is intended as a tool to train current and future OSH workers' representatives so that they acquire the necessary knowledge to carry out their work. Main topics covered: legal aspects; ergonomics; basic aspects of OSH; conditions of work; main tasks and procedures.
Instituto Bento de Jesus Caraça, Rua Victor Cordon 1, 1249-102 Lisbon, Portugal, 2010. 59p. Illus. 3 ref.
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