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  • First aid and emergency organization

1985

CIS 89-117 Harev A.A.
Ventilation and fire fighting in mines
Rudničnaja ventiljacija i bor'ba s podzemnymi požarami [en ruso]
This textbook is intended for students of mining institutes. Contents: the mining atmosphere (atmospheric and mine air, control of mine air composition, mining dust, complex of dust control measures in mines, climatic conditions in mines), mine ventilation technology (air movement in mine workings, natural ventilation, fans and their operation in the mine ventilation network, regulation of air consumption in mines, ventilation equipment and systems, aeration of workings, dust control and ventilation services and monitoring of mining ventilation function); fire fighting in mines (phases of endogenous fires and signs for their recognition, preventing and putting out fires in mines); rescue organisation in mines.
Izdatel'stvo Nedra, Valovaja 28, 113 054 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 3rd ed. 248p. Illus. 37 ref. Appendices. Price: SUR 0.75.

CIS 88-1488 Primeros auxilios
Well-illustrated, easy-to-use first aid manual, aimed at wide distribution among workers. Coverage: basics of first aid; external and internal haemorrhage; bandages; wounds; burns; other emergencies (shock, spider bites, frostbite, loss of consciousness, foreign bodies, sun-stroke); respiratory and cardiac arrest; poisoning; fractures; transport of the injured; first-aid kits; highway accidents.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Bandera 84, Santiago, Chile, 1985. 92p. Illus.

CIS 88-14 The Factories and Commercial Premises (First Aid) Regulations 1985 [New Zealand]
Regulation 1985/108 on the requirements for first-aid supplies and training in enterprises. A schedule provides the minimum quantities prescribed for first-aid appliances and requisites in function of the number of workers in an enterprise.
Department of Labour, Wellington, New Zealand, 1985. 7p. Price: NZD 0.80.

CIS 86-1419 Umnov A.E.
Labour protection and fire protection in the mining industry
Ohrana truda i protivopožarnaja zaščita v gorno-rudnoj promyšlennosti [en ruso]
This manual covers major technical, hygienic, economic, legal and organisational aspects of labour protection. Contents: general provisions (labour legislation, prevention of accidents, organisation of safe work); industrial hygiene (requirements for workshops and faces in mines, lighting, prevention of occupational diseases); fire protection (explosive and flammable substances and materials, organisation of fire protection, mining rescue work); safety requirements for underground mining work (driving and supporting stopes, haulage and transport, storage and transport of explosives, transport of loads and persons on the surface and underground, safety in the use of electrical equipment and explosives).
Izdatel'stvo Nedra, Tret'jakovskij pr. 1/19, 103633 Moskva, USSR, 1985, 246p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: Rbl.0.95.

CIS 86-848 Fabre J.M.
Dangerous chemicals: Emergency first aid guide
Prduits dangereux: Premiers secours - consignes d'urgence [en francés]
This guide is the French version of "First aid guide" published in the United Kingdom by Wolter Samson UK (see CIS 85-1760) and adapted to French regulations. Contents: practical considerations and useful addresses; general medical advice; emergency treatment; resuscitation; medical complications of chemical poisoning; chemical index (alphabetical and UN numbers); chemical charts.
Editions Lamy S.A., 155 rue Legendre, 75850 Paris Cedex 17, France, 1985. 320p.

CIS 86-695 Song Z., Lu Y., Gu X.
Treatment of yellow phosphorus skin burns with silver nitrate instead of copper sulfate
The application of silver nitrate for the treatment of yellow phosphorus skin burns is recommended. The traditionally used copper sulfate solution may cause copper poisoning if absorbed through damaged skin.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 1985, Vol.11, Supplement 4, p.33. 2 ref.

CIS 86-227 75 years of mine rescue services
75 Jahre Grubenrettungswesen [en alemán]
Papers presented at the conference "Rescue Services and Fire Protection in the Coalmining Industry" at Essen, Federal Republic of Germany, 2 October 1985. The meeting marked the 75th anniversary of the Expert Committee on Coal Mine Rescue (Fachausschuss Grubenrettungswesen beim Steinkohlenbergbauverein). Contents: 75 years of the Expert Committee; development of rescue and self-rescue breathing apparatus; fire protection for roadheading machines and conveyors; strategy of firefighting with nitrogen; preparing mine rescue teams for deployment under difficult climatic conditions.
Glückauf, 1985, Vol.121, No.18, p.1357-1392. Illus.

CIS 86-60 Boyce P.R.
Movement under emergency lighting: the effect of illuminance
An investigation was carried out in a large open-plan office with the aim of identifying the illuminance necessary for rapid, safe movement under emergency lighting conditions. At a mean illuminance of 0.2lx, the test subjects had difficulty in moving quickly over the escape route. Optimum illuminance for quick and orderly evacuation was established at 1lx. It seems that the prsent emergency lighting criterion of 0.2lx used in the United Kingdom should be revised and the 1lx standard adopted.
Lighting Research and Technology, 1985, Vol.17, No.2, p.51-71. Illus. 12 ref.

1984

CIS 88-149 First aider's ABC
Skyddssamaritens ABC [en sueco]
Training kit on first aid in the workplace. It consists of 3 booklets: student's guide; teacher's guide; directive AFS 1984:14 on first aid (see CIS 85-1471). A set of 27 transparencies usable in training courses is also included. The kit covers first-aid techniques for a wide range of workplace emergencies.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 1984. Teaching kit (3 books, set of transparencies). Illus.

CIS 86-2023 Guidelines for emergency measures in cases of pesticide poisoning
Directives pour les mesures d'urgence à prendre dans le cas d'un empoisonnement par un produit phytosanitaire [en francés]
This illustrated booklet is a practical tool for farmers, farm workers and plant managers who have to administer first aid at the site of an accident. Information for health-care professionals who will take over treatment of a patient has also been added. Aspects covered: recognition of poisoning; first-aid management at scene of incident; guidelines for physicians and nurses. In appendices: recommended method for gastric lavage; recommended treatment regimes in case of poisoning with organophosphorus insecticides.
International Group of National Associations of Manufacturers of Agrochemical Products, avenue Hamoir 12, 1180 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1984. 48p. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 86-2022 Guidelines for emergency measures in cases of pesticide poisoning - Poster
Directives pour les mesures d'urgence à prendre dans le cas d'un empoisonnement par un produit phytosanitaire - Affiche [en francés]
This poster shows in a sequence of pictures the basic procedures to be followed or avoided in cases of pesticide poisoning.
International Group of National Associations of Manufacturers of Agrochemical Products, avenue Hamoir 12, 1180 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1984. 1p. Illus.

CIS 86-1174 Ohta K., Morinaga J.
Technical training of staff for first aid
A life-guard system in the workplace must be well prepared and effective to deal with accidents or sudden illnesses. An attempt at technical training of leaders of workers for first aid was undertaken by the health control section of a steel company. It was a 2-day course: 1st day - lectures with "The Guideline for First Aid" by the Japan Medical Association used as a text book; 2nd day - demonstration and training (including mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and external heart massage) utilising a mannequin (ResusciAnne/Torso, Norway). The results are not dramatic so far; periodical follow-up first aid training in the workplace is recommended.
Journal of Labour Hygiene in the Iron and Steel Industry - Tekko Rōdō Eisei, May 1984, Vol.33, No.2, p.18-21. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 85-1993 Ševčenko Ju.A., Gorovec P.M., Artemenko A.I., Kolesnikov A.A.
Self-contained emergency breathing apparatus for mines
Šahtnyj izolirujuščij samospasatel' šSS-I [en ruso]
Description with cut-away drawings of an improved emergency respirator. The device contains potassium superoxide, which reacts with carbon dioxide in expired air to release oxygen. A canister containing the potassium superoxide is fitted with a breathing tube (nose clip attached), a breathing bag and shoulder straps. The device measures 135 by 256mm and weighs 3.1kg. It has a service life of at least 1.5 years. It provides protection for 50min if the wearer is active (escaping an accident) and for up to 300min if the wearer is a rest (awaiting rescue). The device can be used at ambient temperatures of -10 to +40°C, relative humidities up to 100% and atmospheric presures up to 133.3kPa.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Feb. 1984, No.2, p.33-34. Illus.

CIS 85-1471
(Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen)
First aid
Första hjälpen [en sueco]
This directive (effective 1 Apr. 1985) lays down that first-aid equipment should be provided at workplaces, that first aid should be organised on the basis of the existing injury and health hazards, and that the workers should be informed about the existing first-aid measures. At all permanent workplaces, a sufficient number of persons should be trained in first aid. Notices should be posted up at convenient points, giving the location of the first-aid post and the persons trained in first aid, and displaying the ambulance or taxi phone number. Detailed commentaries.
LiberDistribution, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 2 Nov. 1984. 7p.

CIS 85-918 The "Future System" using E.I.F. and E.A.F. fire engines
Le système futur E.I.F et E.A.F.: véhicules d'intervention pour les pompiers [en francés]
Description of new types of fire engines to be used by the Paris Fire Brigade, designed for fire fighting and/or emergency first aid and personal assistance. The E.I.F. vehicles are to be used for fighting smaller fires and for providing emergency services to people. The E.A.F. vehicles are to provide back-up, particularly for fighting large fires or fires with a large risk component. The functions, design and necessary manning of both vehicles are described.
Revue de la sécurité, Sep.-Oct. 1984, Vol.20, No.214, p.50-52. Illus.

CIS 85-1134 Yungblut P.G.R.
East Coast offshore safety and emergency response capability - Overview report
Description of changes and improvements in the emergency response installations and equipment implemented along the Canadian east coast following the Ocean Ranger drilling platform disaster. Outlines of personnel safety training courses are included.
Canadian Petroleum Association, Offshore Operators Division, Nov. 1984. 60p. Appendices. Charts.

CIS 85-1147 Organization and implementation of a disaster drill for health care facilities
This data sheet outlines the different steps in planning and organising a mass casualty training exercise for hospitals and other health care institutions.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, Rev. 1984, 5p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 85-567 Kerf G.
First aid in industry
Secourisme industriel [en francés]
Training course for first-aid personnel, in loose-leaf form. Anatomical material is kept to a minimum. Contents: purpose; survey of Belgian legislation; principles of first aid; heart failure and respiratory failure; haemorrhage; shock; wounds; burns; bandages; poisoning; positioning of the victim; fractures; transportation; examination of the victim; responsibilities.
Service médical interentreprises de l'Est de la Belgique, SMIDEB, 27 rue du Palais, Boîte 4, 4800 Verviers, Belgium, 1984. 99p. Illus.

CIS 85-263 First aid for the workplace
This brief booklet provides the basic knowledge required for effective action by the first person at the scene of an accident. Contents: rescue; basic rules for emergencies; emergency telephone calls; transporting casualties; treatment priorities (resuscitation, unconsciousness, bleeding, shock, eyes, bones, burns, poisoning). Appendices cover pertinent legislation and regulations.
Occupational Health and Toxicology Department, Department of Health, Private Bag, Wellington, New Zealand, 1984. 24p. Illus. Bibl.

1983

CIS 86-1167 Primeros auxilios
This manual, prepared for the Mexican national petroleum corporation, covers all the basic aspects of first aid with the use of simple language and illustrations. A second booklet using the comic strip format to popularise the information is included.
Petróleos Mexicanos, Av. Marina Nacional No.329, Edif. A. Colonia Huasteca, México, D.F., C.P. 11311, Mexico, 1983.

CIS 86-295 Proceedings: International Symposium on Crisis Management - Mine fires, explosions and other emergencies
Proceedings of a symposium organised by the federal department of energy, mines and resources, Labour Canada, the Nova Scotia department of mines and energy and the Cape Breton Development Corporation and held in Sidney, Nova Scotia, Canada, 19-21 Oct. 1982. Aspects covered: crisis management preparation; description of a mine rescue service with case study of the 1979 Appin colliery disaster; main aspects of the methods and organisation of disaster response in France; Polish experience in post-explosion action and investigation; survival plan for hard rock metal mines; mine crisis management and inspectorate involvement in the United Kingdom; research products for improved response to mine emergencies; usefulness of experience from emergency situations and exercises for the work of mine rescue teams; emergency response management in a remote location.
Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy, Sidney, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1983. 262p. Illus.

CIS 85-1760 Houston A.
Dangerous chemicals - Emergency first aid guide
This loose-leaf illustrated guide gives advice on immediate treatment required after an accident or spillage involving dangerous chemicals. The information covers only the short-term effects of exposure to the chemical. Contents: general medical advice (recognition of chemical poisoning and routes of exposure); emergency treatment; resuscitation; medical complications of chemical poisoning; notes for ambulance personnel; chemical index by name and UN number (2000); chemical charts giving precise information on the first aid treatment of the casualty.
Croner Publications Ltd., Croner House, 173 Kingston Road, New Malden, Surrey KT3 3SS, United Kingdom, 1983. 185p. Illus. Price: £15.00.

CIS 85-855 Brežnev V.E., Treskunov V.M.
Labour protection in the operation of water supply and drainage systems
Ohrana truda pri ėkspluatacii sistem vodosnabženija i kanalizacii [en ruso]
Contents of this manual: general OSH issues (basic USSR labour law, standards and regulations, worker education, etc.); industrial hygiene; safety in the construction and operation of water supply and sewage systems; safety in the operation of water treatment plants and equipment which use highly toxic substances; safety in repair and maintenance work; first aid in accidents; fire safety.
Strojizdat, Kaljaevskaja 23a, 101442 Moskva, USSR, 1983. 279p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: Rbl.0.95.

CIS 85-807 Ševčenko Ju.A., Il'inskij Ė.G., Ovčarov V.K., Gladkov Ju.A.
Life-support chamber for mine rescue
Kompleks boks-bazy gornospasatel'noj [en ruso]
Description of a portable chamber to provide mine rescue workers with an underground base of operations. The chamber has a tubular frame and a rubberised fabric cover. It is divided into a large and a small compartment, with the small compartment serving as an airlock. Fresh air and cooling are provided by the compressed-air supply of the mine. The chamber is usable in atmospheres containing up to 5% carbon monoxide, 30% carbon dioxide, 5% methane, and high densities of smoke, and at temperatures up to 50°C.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Oct. 1983, No.10, p.33-34. Illus.

CIS 85-566 Kontio J.
Hot liquids and chemicals
Kuumat nesteet ja kemikaalit [en finlandés]
Heta vätskor och kemikalier [en sueco]
An introduction on the vulnerability of the skin to hot liquids and on the degrees of burn is followed by sections on prevention (use of protective equipment and clothing, checking for the presence of dangerous substances before repairing pipes and vessels, securing pipe ends with blanks, locking valves in the safe position, etc.), personal protective equipment and first aid measures (rapid cooling of victim with water at room temperature, local cooling of burns, flushing of eyes at weak water pressure, emergency treatment to prevent shock).
Teollisuusvakuutus - Industriförsäkring, 1983, No.3, p.16-19. Illus.

CIS 85-262 Hachet J.C., Pardon N.
Sudden death at work
Mort subite sur les lieux de travail [en francés]
1st part: definition of sudden death; epidemiologic survey and an examination of the factors which may give rise to sudden death; the special case of sudden death due to heart disease. 2nd part: How to deal with sudden death at work? Reanimation techniques and the organisation of emergency help for heart-attack victims are discussed. Analysis of psycho-sociological problems. Possible preventive measures.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 3rd quarter 1983, No.91, p.31-48. 23 ref.

CIS 84-1168 Mielle F.
First aid in enterprises and refresher courses
Le secourisme dans les entreprises et le recyclage [en francés]
This questionnaire survey was used to evaluate the behaviour of first-aid personnel in emergency situations. Results deal with: role of first-aid attendants; training, specialisation and relationship with members of the safety committee and with the industrial physician; first-aid equipment available. Refresher courses: general principles (protection, alarm, first aid); case studies (vigilance, respiratory and circulatory problems, chest and abdomen injuries, burns, spinal column injuries).
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2nd Quarter 1983, Vol.23, No.90, p.13-59. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 84-1139 Chamberlain A.
First aid in chemical environments
Information is provided on the identification of major hazards in chemical environments and on simple general methods for making them safe, in order to allow normal first aid techniques to be applied. Hazards associated with radiochemical and biochemical areas, electric shock, fires and hot equipment, sharp objects, explosions, toxic atmospheres and chemical contamination are specifically discussed. Chemists should ensure that all first aiders are aware of local chemical hazards and that a procedure is available to enable non-technical personnel to render first aid to victims when expert advice is not available.
Chemistry in Britain, Apr. 1983, Vol.19, No.4, p.318-323. Illus.

CIS 84-11 Hartzell G.E., Packham S.C., Switzer W.G.
Toxic products from fires
Outline of the critical aspects of the problem and their relation to fire deaths. These aspects include the identification of common combustion products, their toxic effects and the dependence of their formation on the combustion process itself. The significance of time-to-escape as a key to survival in a fire is emphasized. A model is proposed in which intoxication rate thresholds for materials are obtained using a rodent exposure test method.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1983, Vol.44, No.4, p.248-255. 23 ref.

CIS 84-275 Burns: When cold water works "miracles"
Brûlures: quand l'eau froide fait des "miracles" [en francés]
A new approach to traditional first-aid methods applied to thermal burns in the basic metal industry. Burn hazards and their prevention in French chemical and food plants. Examples of dangerous situations and technical measures to be taken for avoiding burns are described. In one factory, the medical staff recommends the use of cold water as a first-aid measure; its advantages are outlined.
Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 1983, No.7-8, p.384-394. Illus.

CIS 84-19 Folliot D.
Procedure to follow with victims of electric current
Conduite à tenir en présence d'une victime du courant électrique [en francés]
Four-part review of essential aspects of electrical accidents: physiopathology of electrocution (definitions, case studies); the "PAS" concept (a French acronym for protection, notification/warning, and aid) - its methods and their rationales; emergency first aid (clearing the respiratory tract, artificial respiration); external cardiac massage (legislation, responsibilities, training).
Journal de l'équipement électrique et électronique, Jan.-May 1983, Nos.485-488, p.17-19, 19-22, 15-18, 23-27. Illus.

CIS 83-1764 Barré P.
First-aid organisation in enterprises
L'organisation des secours dans l'entreprise [en francés]
A review of the French regulations concerning the organisation of first aid in enterprises: those aspects for which management is responsible, those for which the enterprise in general is responsible and those for which outside agencies are responsible. The roles of the first witnesses to an accident, of first-aid specialists, of more specialised personnel (firemen, medical and paramedical personnel) and of outsiders are described and summarised in a separable flow chart. It is important to maintain interaction among all levels of personnel concerned with first aid, and to provide training and refresher courses for those most likely to be first at the scene of an accident.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1983, No.112, Note No.1438-112-83, p.381-394. Illus.

CIS 83-1700 Ahlgren Å., Jarl T., Oja M.
Personal safety equipment and rescuing in disabling occupational accidents
A sample of accidents in which 410 workers suffered disabling injuries was analysed to determine to what extent serious injury could be reduced by the use of personal safety equipment and to what extent more efficient care could limit the extent and severity of injuries. About 25% of the injured workers could have been protected by the use of helmets, safety belts, protective shoes, glasses or other equipment. Better preparation for rescue could also decrease the number of disabled workers.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Jan. 1983, Vol.5, No.1, p.9-16. 15 ref.

1982

CIS 00-677 Guía médica de primeros auxilios para su utilización en accidentes en los que se ven involucradas mercancías peligrosas (MFAG)
Medical first aid guide for use in accidents involving dangerous goods (MFAG) [en inglés]
Guía de primeros auxilios utilizada como suplemento de la Guía Médica Internacional de a bordo (ver CIS 95-590). Contiene información sobre el diagnóstico de las intoxicaciones, primeros auxilios, complicaciones del envenenamiento (por tipo de intoxicación y órganos), riesgos tóxicos generales y tratamiento de emergencia. Se incluyen además tablas detalladas de productos químicos (hojas de especificaciones) con información específica sobre los signos y síntomas asociados con intoxicaciones por distintos tipos de sustancias específicas, así como el tratamiento adecuado.
International Maritime Organization, London, Reino Unido, 1982. 148p. Ilus. + Suplemento 1984, 24p. Ilus. Indice.

CIS 86-863 Seki C.T., Branco S.S., Zeller Ú.M.H.
Manual of first aid in treating occupational accidents
Manual de primeiros socorros nos acidentes do trabalho [en portugués]
This booklet describes the contents of first-aid boxes to be provided in the workplace and it gives directions to be followed after various emergencies: cuts and bleeding; burns; foreign bodies in facial openings; poisoning; fainting; convulsions; extreme temperatures; shock; electric shock; cardiac arrest (cardiac massage); respiratory arrest (artificial respiration); fractures; contusions; twists and dislocations; bites by poisonous animals. Details are given on how to transport accident victims.
Fundacentro, C.P.11484, CEP 05499 São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 1982. 4th ed. 98p. Illus.

CIS 83-1517
National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen)
Regulation relating to alarm systems and to the evacuation of buildings in the event of fire or gas leakage
Kungörelse om larm och utrymning vid brand eller gasutströmning [en sueco]
This regulation (effective 1 Jan. 1983) includes: scope; general considerations (ease of access to the emergency exit, exit signs, lighting, special means of escape); alarm systems (signal, triggering, information to employees, preventive upkeep of alarm systems); special hazards in the event of fire (smoke, fire extinguishing substances); evacuation plans; first aid; exit drills. A detailed commentary is appended.
LiberFörlag, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 30 June 1982. 19p.

CIS 83-850 McKenna S.P.
Changing behaviour towards danger: The effect of first aid training
4-hour courses in emergency first-aid training attended by workers at 2 factories produced an improvement in injury accident rates. This improvement was associated with an increase in trainees' perceived responsibility to take action to avoid injury and in their willingness to adopt safe behaviour, resulting from an increased awareness of the consequences of injury. The training did not lead to greater awareness of danger or risk-taking behaviour. Knowledge of how to avoid danger is also necessary to produce an improvement in safety.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, June 1982, Vol.4, No.1, p.47-59. Illus. 26 ref.

CIS 83-855 Hachet J.C.
Emergencies in occupational medicine
Urgences en médecine du travail [en francés]
This practical guide is addressed to general practitioners, occupational physicians, works physicians, first aiders, nursing staff and safety personnel in the undertaking. Analytical description of the working environment, specific role of each individual intervening, means of intervention and equipment available, ongoing training and retraining of personnel, organisation of emergency treatment. Measures to be taken in the event of external bleeding, respiratory or cardiocirculatory distress, coma, shock, bone or joint injury, burns, wounds, poisonous bite or stings, acute poisoning with industrial products, psychiatric emergencies, and large-scale accidents, are described.
Masson éditeur, 120 boulevard St-Germain, 75280 Paris Cedex 06, France, 1982. 285p. Illus. 31 ref.

CIS 83-854 Roussel P.
First-aid training at the French electricity and gas boards
Enseignement du secourisme à l'EDF-GDF [en francés]
Contents of this MD thesis: brief review of the development of the concept of first aid, and principal regulations in France on first aid at workplaces of the French electricity and gas boards; first aid training in these undertakings from the administrative and practical viewpoints: safety training, need for first aid workers, first aid specialists at the workplace, preparation for the various first aid certificates and as first aid supervisors, nuclear power plants, transport of injured persons. By virtue of his role in medical emergencies, the occupational physician is best qualified to advise on first aid training.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté de médecine Saint-Antoine, Paris, France, 1982, 114p. 21 ref.

CIS 83-749 Mignée C., Conso F.
Acute toxic accidents at the workplace
Accidents aigus toxiques en milieu professionnel [en francés]
The degree of poisoning depends on the quantity of toxic material absorbed in a single exposure. Circumstances of accidents, general safety measures at the time of the accident, the biological fate of the toxin, and treatment at the site of the accident (symptomatic measures, specific treatments) are presented. Toxic mechanisms of carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydrocyanic acid and organophosphorus compounds, clinical signs and emergency treatment are discussed. Syndromes characteristics of acute poisoning are reviewed: disturbances of consciousness and toxic coma, acute pulmonary oedema, methaemoglobinaemia, antabuse syndrome, acute fever of toxic origin. Measures to be taken in the event of accidental entry of toxins into the eye, skin or gastrointestinal tract are presented.
Tempo médical, Dec. 1982, No.118, p.67-82. Illus.

CIS 83-29 Cluzel D., Sarrat P.
Fire Safety - Evacuation of persons
Sécurité incendie - Evacuation des personnes [en francés]
Recapitulation of factors to be analysed when preparing for the evacuation of personnel under the best possible conditions. The aspects include: total evacuation time which comprises the time required for fire detection, information transmission (decision, alert, alarm), reception of the alarm signal, preparation of the evacuation and for the evacuation itself; means of reducing the length of above phases (type of fire detector, central display panel, alarm transmitters, emergency lighting, direction arrows, notice boards, etc.); evacuation organisation (evacuation delayed, difficult or impossible; organised partial evacuation, spontaneous partial or total evacuation, organised total evacuation; appointment and training of guides, personnel training); means of evacuation (lifts, stairways, ladders, etc.).
Sécurité - sciences et techniques, Apr. 1982, No.13, 20-29. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 82-1419 Auffray J.C.
Medical assistance for tuna fishermen
Assistance médicale aux pêcheurs de thon [en francés]
This MD thesis outlines the historical background of tuna-fishing and medical assistance to tuna-fishermen and considers modern fishing techniques, the fishermen's working and living conditions on board, vocational training, and modern tuna-fishing boats. Medical assistance for tuna-fishermen: origin (fishing grounds are getting constantly more remote from the French coast), organisation, financing of assistance on-shore; structure and materials, premises, means of assistance at sea if a doctor is required. Analysis of medical reports, 1975-1980, and of occupational diseases prevalent among fishermen. New medical and safety organisation envisaged; future trends.
Université de paris VI, Faculté de médecine Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France, 1982. 85p. 56 ref.

1981

CIS 95-388 Reglamento de 1981 sobre primeros auxilios [Canadá-Alberta]
First Aid Regulation, 1981 [Canada - Alberta] [en inglés]
Este Reglamento contiene las modificaciones realizadas hasta el nº85/82, y se ha promulgado al amparo de la Ley sobre Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo
Canadian OSH Legislation CD-ROM, CCOHS, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canadá, 1992. 12p.

CIS 83-2026 Alberta surface mine rescue manual
Aspects covered are: emergency procedures; fundamentals of mine rescue; mechanics and functions of breathing; chemistry of fire; escape and rescue from burning buildings; gases and gas control; cold weather problems; hypothermia; rock and mud slides; electric shock; vehicles and dumps; rescue from vehicles; ropes; rescue equipment; transport of patients; rappelling.
Alberta Worker's Health and Compensation, 10709 Jasper Ave., Edmonton, Alberta, T5J 3N3, Canada, 1981. 190p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 83-1423 Kuk V.F., Voropaev V.A.
Emergency signals for mine rescue
Avarijnaja signalizacija dlja gornospasatelej [en ruso]
To alert the members of a mine rescue team when the members live at scattered locations in a settlement, the radio centre of the settlement can be integrated into a special communication network. In the system described (block diagrams), a control panel is set up in the rescue team centre; this control panel is connected to a bell, a siren and an electronic signal generator. The signal generator sends a modulated AM signal to the radio centre. The carrier and modulation frequencies of the signal are selected to avoid interference with the normal traffic or programming handled by the centre. Special receivers in the residences of the rescue team members pick up the signal distributed by the radio centre and convert it to an audible tone.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Sep. 1981, No.9, p.36-37. Illus.

CIS 83-1219 Hauf R.
Report on the Scientific Congress of the Research Institute for Electropathology
Bericht über die wissenschaftliche Tagung der Forschungsstelle für Elektropathologie [en alemán]
A collection of the 15 papers presented at a conference at Freiburg (Federal Republic of Germany, 17-18 Sep. 1981). Topics covered are: physiological effects of direct and alternating current on the heart; impedances in the human body; step and contact voltages; first aid in cases of low-voltage accidents; problems of defibrillation; biological effects on man of electric and magnetic fields; serious burns and causes of death; first aid in cases of high-voltage accidents.
Forschungsstelle für Elektropathologie, Reutebachgasse 11, 7800 Freiburg, Federal Republic of Germany; Beiträge zur Ersten Hilfe und Behandlung von Unfällen durch elektrischen Strom, Heft 10, 1981. 329p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 83-1465 A simple guide to the health and safety (first-aid) regulations 1981
This guide to the first-aid requirements of the U.K. Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), which came into force 1 July 1982, covers the places and conditions where the regulations apply and the personnel involved.
Saxton Safety Services, 24 Saxton Drive, Rotherham S60 3DW, United Kingdom, 1981. 8p.

CIS 83-579
Labour Inspectorate (Arbeidsinspectie)
Action to be taken in the event of exposure to gases or vapours causing lung injury
Hoe te handelen bij blootstelling aan longbeschadigende gassen of dampen [en holandés]
These directives have been elaborated to prevent serious lung impairment (e.g. oedema) in workers who accidentally inhaled toxic, irritant or otherwise harmful gases. Sections cover: rules for first-aid personnel (complete rest for victim, removal of polluted clothing, no smoking, corticoid inhalation, etc.); rules for emergency treatment; rules for the transport of the injured; surveillance of workers who may have been exposed at the same time; therapy. A set of transfer cards and a list of substances which may cause pulmonary oedema are appended.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1981. 33p.

CIS 82-2030
Committee on Underground Mine Disaster Survival and Rescue, National Research Council
Underground mine disaster survival and rescue: an evaluation of research accomplishments and needs
Report of a study to evaluate the US Bureau of Mines research programme on mine disasters and to recommend future research orientations. A definition is given (a disaster survival and rescue system that provides a reference framework for evaluating research accomplishments and the assessment of future needs, and this is used to make a critical overview of the Bureau of Mines post-disaster research programme under the headings: communications; life-support systems; rescue operation. Two topics are picked out for special research consideration: the need for a systems approach to preparing for disaster response; and the special considerations that apply to government sponsored research and development leading to the design of escape, survival and rescue equipment.
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave., Washington, DC 20418, USA, 1981. 122p. Illus.

CIS 82-978 Pasternack A.
Biochemical and physiological evaluation of an integral suit with a combined cooling and respiratory protection system
Biomechanische und arbeitsphysiologische Bewertung des Kühl- und Atemschutzgerätes [en alemán]
A description of an integral cooled suit combined with an independent respiratory protective system is followed by the results of studies on movement impediment and physiological effects caused by this protective system in a team of mine rescue workers. Diagrams of body-core temperature, pulse rate and subjective comfort in relation to the test parameters (70%C, 60-90% relative humidity, 70W workload), exposure time and the maximum tolerable wearing time. The suit can be tolerated for a prolonged period - which facilitates mine rescue and firefighting operations.
Drägerheft, 1981, No.319, p.10-15. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 82-1163 American national standard for emergency eyewash and shower equipment
This standard (approved 12 June 1981) establishes minimum performance requirements for eyewash and shower equipment for the emergency treatment of the eyes or body of a person who has been exposed to injurious materials. Sections are devoted to: emergency showers; eyewash equipment; eye/face wash equipment; hand-held drench hoses; and combination shower and eyewash and eye/face wash equipment. The section for each type of equipment covers: performance, manufacturer's testing procedures, installation, maintenance and training.
American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018, USA, 1981. 24p. Illus.

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