Bacterial and parasitic diseases - 1,362 entradas encontradas
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- Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Elischerová K., Stúpalová S.
Discovery of listeria among occupationally exposed persons
Nálezy listérií u profesionálně exponovaných osob [en eslovaco]
The authors isolated Listeria (erysipelothrix) monocytogenes (L.m.) in the faeces, in smears from the upper airways, and on the skin (hands) and workclothes of workers in the meat industry, agricultural workers, and those employed in undertakings where listeriosis-infected animals were to be found. Cultures taken from these smears were positive for L.m., and this was confirmed by findings of higher levels of O,H-agglutinins and complement-binding antibodies in the workers examined, who all appeared to be in good health at the time of the examination. However, closer scrutiny of their history brought to light further evidence of possible infection: influenza-type symptoms, premature births, stillbirths, etc.
Pracovní lékařství, May 1974, Vol.26, No.5, p.175-179. Illus. 25 ref.
Tetanus: its occupational incidence - its prevention
Le tétanos: son incidence professionnelle - sa prévention. [en francés]
Following a statistical analysis demonstrating the occupational incidence of tetanus, prevalent mostly in rural areas, this thesis discusses various methods of prevention, the only efficacious long-term method being vaccination. The author analyses the causes of the relative lack of success of the measures taken to combat this disease in France (insufficient knowledge of the disease and of vaccination possibilities, loopholes in statutory measures), with reference to the practitioner's responsibility and the cost aspects of vaccination. Solutions are proposed, with emphasis on those which the author deems most appropriate: more extensive legislation, educational measures to increase workers' awareness of this hazard, reimbursement of vaccination costs, medical identity card showing bearer's vaccination or serum history.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté de médecine Broussais - Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France, 1974. 49p. 75 ref.
Zoonoses as occupational diseases
Zoonosen als Berufskrankheiten [en alemán]
Review of zoonoses (considered as diseases transmissible from animals to man) in order of importance: tuberculosis, brucellosis, Q fever, milker's nodule, cutaneous anthrax, erysipeloid, salmonellosis, leptospirosis, ornithosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, tularaemia, tick-transmitted encephalitis and parasite diseases. The article considers the question principally from the aspects of epidemiology, clinical picture and experts' reports.
Homburg-Informationen für den Werksarzt, 1974, Vol.21, No.6, p.122-138.
Pattison C.P., Boyer K.M., Maynard J.E., Kelly P.C.
Epidemic hepatitis in a clinical laboratory.
During a 6-month period an outbreak of hepatitis occurred in 5 employees concerned with blood-specimen control at a hospital clinical laboratory. The laboratory had recently adopted a computerised system for specimen collection and data dispersal, and a significant correlation was found between accidental cuts from computer cards and the development of clinical hepatitis. Because blood is frequently spilt on these computer cards, the authors speculate that the presumed increase in hepatitis and the growing use of computerised requisition systems in hospitals, the occupational hazard to medical, paramedical and dental personnel may increase at an alarming pace.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 11 Nov. 1974, Vol.230, No.6, p.854-857. Illus. 12 ref.
Taylor J.S., Shmunes E., Holmes A.W.
Hepatitis B in plasma fractionation workers.
Between 1968 and 1971, hepatitis B occurred at a plasma fractionation company in 14 employees who had worked for 18 months or less (9.4% of the workers at risk). Plasma dumping, a manual operation involving handling of incoming plasma (resulting in frequent minor cuts on glass bottles or sharp instruments), a task to which new employees tend to be assigned, appears to entail the greatest risk. Other procedures considered hazardous are manual scraping of fibrinogen from centrifuges, and processing and aerosolisation of plasma fractions (splashing on mucous membranes of face). The degree of contact correlated directly with the prevalence of antibody in the population studied. Prophylactic recommendations cover general hygiene and safety measures. Periodic monitoring of exposed employees is strongly recommended.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 11 Nov. 1974, Vol.230, No.6, p.850-853. 18 ref.
Häussinger K., Fruhmann G., Fuchs G.
Success of a preventive medical examination campaign in industry
Erfolg einer arbeitsmedizinischen Vorsorgeuntersuchung [en alemán]
A proportion of the staff (1,000 workers out of 3,000) of a metalworking plant underwent preventive medical examinations over a period of 2 1/2 years. 25% of the workers examined showed symptoms of disease (raised arterial blood pressure, ECG showing impairment of cardiac impulse re-polarisation, bronchitis, pneumoconiosis, tuberculosis) requiring medical attention. Check-ups were carried out 2 years later, and the results are presented. No further pathological symptoms were apparent in 48% of the subjects examined. This result is attributed to medical treatment and the organisational measures adopted (vocational rehabilitation, transfer to other work).
Münchener medizinische Wochenschrift, 5 Apr. 1974, Vol.116, No.14, p.723-730. Illus. 9 ref.
Toxoplasmosis as an occupational disease
Toxoplasmóza jako nemoc z povolání [en checo]
After a broad review of the possible sources of toxoplasmosis and the principal occupations exposed to risk (butchers, laboratory workers, veterinary surgeons, cooks, etc.), the author states briefly the conditions to be met before a case of toxoplasmosis can be considered as an occupational disease in Czechoslovakia. He recalls certain precautions to be observed in the medical profession and in ancillary medical services.
Pracovní lékařství, Jan. 1974, Vol.26, No.1, p.13-16. 33 ref.
Benoit, Marc, Beauvieux G., Duroux J., Boisseau, Marlin, L'Epée, Doignon, Schartz W., Traissac F.J., Paccalin J., Mesmier F., Rivasseau.
Occupational safety and health and chemical hazard
Médecine du travail et risque chimique. [en francés]
Communications submitted on 22 and 23 Feb. 1973 at a training course organised by the Association pour la formation des médecins du travail (AFOMETRA) and the Institut de médecine of Bordeaux (France); biological tests for early diagnosis available to plant physicians; occupational asthma due to chemical substances; the haemogram in occupational safety and health - pitfalls to avoid in its interpretation; French regulations concerning preventive medicine with reference to chemical hazards; brief summary of legislative texts concerning technical preventive measures to safeguard personnel against chemical hazards; hazards of chemical substances used by workers for therapeutic purposes; occupational health problems of Australia antigen infection; occupational asthma due to chemical substances (statistical incidence and diagnostic procedures).
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1st and 2nd quarter 1974, Vol.14, No.53-54, p.3-92. 30 ref.
Hoarseness and occupation
Heiserkeit und Beruf [en alemán]
This article discusses the problem of diagnosing the causes of hoarseness, in view of the increasing number of harmful substances and conditions encountered in industry and the increasing frequency of stress on the organs of speech, and emphasises the importance of throat and larynx examinations. It reviews the various clinical forms of hoarseness of occupational origin (absorption of foreign bodies, injury to the larynx, overexertion of the voice, polyps and malignant tumours, laryngitis), mentions the agents and activities involved, and refers to allergic factors. French translation may be obtained from INRS, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France.
Homburg-Informationen für den Werksarzt, 1974, Vol.21, No.3, p.59-66. 6 ref.
Bailey W.C., Brown M., Buechner H.A., Weill H., Ichinose H., Ziskind M.
Silico-mycobacterial disease in sandblasters.
An investigation carried out in New Orleans secured environmental data that demonstrate heavy concentrations of respirable free silica in and outside protective hoods accounting for the high incidence and accelerated course of silicosis in sandblasters. 22 of 83 silicotic sandblasters investigated had complicating mycobacterial infections. The mean age of the men was 44 years and the average exposure to silica less than 10 years. The radiographic and pulmonary physiological findings for this group of workers are summarised and information given concerning immunological disorders associated with silicosis and silicobacteriosis.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Aug. 1974, Vol.110, No.2, p.115-125. Illus. 19 ref.
White P.C., Baker E.F., Roth A.J., Williams W.J., Stephens T.S.
Brucellosis in a Virginia meat-packing plant.
In a 13-month period, 45 male workers in a meat-packing plant in Virginia contracted clinical brucellosis confirmed by laboratory findings. From the study carried out on the human and animal populations and the environment, it appears that the cases occurred through exposure to infected swine. Of 2,275 swine serologically tested, 4.6% were positive for Brucella antibodies. Air sampling confirmed the presence of brucellae in the atmosphere. Although improvement of hygiene and exhaust systems in the plant may be of benefit, the disease can be eliminated only through surveillance of swine herds.
Archives of Environmental Health, May 1974, Vol.28, No.5, p.263-271. Illus. 9 ref.
Virus hepatitis B: an occupational disease - Epidemiological and prophylactic study in haemodialysis centres
Hépatite virale B: maladie professionnelle - Etude épidémiologique et prophylactique dans les centres d'hémodialyse. [en francés]
The first part of this MD thesis is devoted to background information on virus hepatitis as an occupational disease, and to the following aspects: frequency of virus hepatitis B among the staff of haemodialysis units, role of the Australia antigen, modes of transmission. The second part is devoted to medico-social problems: French legislation, absence from work, course of the disease and treatment. Prophylaxis is discussed in one chapter: general hygiene (organisation of working conditions, staff training), preventive measures to cope with antigen-carrying patients and immunisation. Prevention by means of specific immunoglobulins has gone beyond the experimental stage and the manufacture of a vaccine against hepatitis B is at present being studied.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté de médecine Pitié - Salpêtrière, Paris, France, 1974. 42p. 27 ref.
Les dermatoses professionnelles [en alemán]
Les dermatoses professionnelles. [en francés]
Contents: definition and classification of types of occupational dermatitis; pathogenesis; clinical picture, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment; technical and medical prevention; frequency, exposed occupations; legal aspects (insurance rights), statistics.
Maladies professionnelles, Leaflet No.11, Swiss National Accident Insurance Institute (Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt), Luzern, Switzerland, Feb. 1974. 24p. Illus. 9 ref.
Hinthorn D.R., Foster M.T., Bruce H.L., Aach R.D.
An outbreak of chimpanzee associated hepatitis.
A report of an outbreak of chimpanzee-associated hepatitis which occurred at a zoo and involved 14 animal handlers. The outbreak had characteristics of short-incubation or type A viral hepatitis and was traced to a recently imported chimpanzee. Considerable caution would seem advisable in the handling of newly imported subhuman primates and especially their excreta. Routine screening for elevated serum transaminases on arrival might prove valuable in detecting animals capable of transmitting hepatitis.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, June 1974, Vol.16, No.6, p.388-391. Illus. 25 ref.
Dermatologic hazards in the poultry industry.
An investigation of the dermatological hazards at a large poultry processing facility is reported, and a safety and health programme is suggested to reduce the frequency of dermatological injury and disease. More research is needed to assess the extent of the problem throughout the industry.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1974, Vol.16, No.2, p.94-97. 8 ref.
Ley sobre Enfermedades Profesionales en las Minas y Obras de Extracción [Africa del Sur]
Wet of Bedryfsiektes in Myne en Bedrywe [en afrikaans]
Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act [South Africa] [en inglés]
La Ley original se promulgó el 19 de junio de 1973 y entró en vigor el 1 de octubre del mismo año. Esta versión engloba todas las enmiendas hasta la ley de modificación nº208 de 1993. En el sumario: definiciones (patologías con derecho a indemnización si son imputables al trabajo: neumoconiosis, tuberculosis, obstrucción permanente de las vías respiratorias, patología cardio-respiratoria permanente, esclerosis sistémica progresiva); creación y funciones de la Medical Bureau for Occupational Diseases; control (supervisión) y evaluación del riesgo en las minas y los trabajos mineros; certificados de aptitud para el trabajo, reconocimientos médicos y otros; admisión de las demandas de indemnización de las enfermedades profesionales; nombramiento y funciones del delegado de la comisión para la indemnización de las enfermedades profesionales y organización de los Fondos de Compensación; determinación de la cuantía de las prestaciones de indemnización; investigación y tratamientos médicos especiales; emisión de los reglamentos. Se derogan algunas leyes, en especial la de 1962 sobre la indemnización de las neumoconiosis.
En: Statutes of the Republic of South Africa, 1994, p.1171-1276.
Accidents and Occupational Diseases (Notification) Act [Guyana]
Act of 46 of 1955, as amended in 1958 and 1967. Schedules set out the details of what must be included in notification forms. Regulation 7/1956 issued under the Act specifies the following occupational diseases: poisoning by lead, phosphorus, arsenic, mercury or other matals; anthrax.
Government of Guyana, Georgetown, Guyana, 1973. 15p.
Comamala Malo A., Otero Sendra A.
Contribución al estudio de las bases histórico-científicas del mito del suero antitetánico
Literature survey, from its origins to the present day, of the preventive uses of tetanus antitoxin. On the basis of the thousands of cases of postserum tetanus described and the present state of knowledge of the immunity conferred by the serum, which depends on a number of interacting variables (cellular and humoural responses), the authors propose that the antitoxin myth be done away with and recommend systematic vaccination, of which they describe the method according to the case.
Medicina de empresa, Dec. 1973, Vol.8, No.4, p.261-276. Illus. 40 ref.
Golubev P.G., Halitov G.G.
Factors determining the occurrence and course of erysipeloid
Faktory, obuslovlivajuščie pojavlenie i harakter tečenija ėrizipeloida [en ruso]
An analysis of the causes of erysipeloid cases recorded between 1967 and 1971 in a large Russian meat-industry undertaking is followed by recommendations for the prevention of this disease: identification of infection sources; study of the routes of propagation; wearing of metal mesh gloves; organisation of first-aid posts to detect and treat microtraumata. As a result of these measures, it was possible to reduce erysipeloid cases from 101 in 1970 to 40 in 1972 in the plant under investigation.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Dec. 1973, No.12, p.40-42. Illus.
Industrial and occupational ophthalmology.
After having emphasised the importance of proper pre-employment and periodic testing of visual aptitudes, the author reviews in chapters 1 and 2 the tests available and indicates the visual requirements for various categories of personnel. Chapters 3 and 4 are devoted to eye protective equipment and the visual adaptation of the task, including a discussion of lighting standards. Chapters 5, 6 and 7 deal with the in-plant management of eye injuries (mechanical, chemical and thermal). The remaining chapters deal with the one-eyed employee, contact lenses in industry, visual requirements for motor vehicle operators, the evaluation of ocular impairment, etc.
Charles C. Thomas, 301-327 East Lawrence Avenue, Springfield, Illinois, USA, 1973. 203p. Illus. 87 ref. US-$12.75.
Present problems concerning the prevention of and compensation for infectious diseases of occupational origin
Problèmes actuels posés par la prévention et la réparation des maladies infectieuses d'origine professionnelle. [en francés]
MD thesis. Importance of infectious diseases (excluding parasitoses) in occupational pathology, followed by a review of the preventive aspects of occupational health, which is limited to a few diseases given more favourable treatment, and of the 3 types of disease for which compensation is provided for by French legislation: occupational diseases (bacterial, viral and rickettsial diseases), occupational accidents (complications of cuts, wounds, etc.) and diseases attributable to work but compensated under sickness insurance (diseases to which personnel are exposed in bacteriology laboratories, medical personnel and employees required to work in other countries). The author makes suggestions for improved preventive measures and more easily available compensation.
Université de Paris V, Faculté de médecine Cochin - Port Royal, Paris, France, 1973. 78p. 122 ref.
Women in employment and maternity protection - Present and prospective legislation
Travail féminin et protection de la maternité - Législations actuelles et perspectives. [en francés]
The author of this MD thesis describes the social and economic aspects and the medico-obstetrical consequences of women's work. He reviews the international standards and the legislation which assure the protection of the working mother in France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany (Federal Republic and Democratic Republic) and the USSR.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté de médecine Broussais - Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France, 1973. 85p. 24 ref.
6th national preventive medicine days for hospital staff
VIe Journées nationales de médecine préventive du personnel hospitalier. [en francés]
Proceedings of this congress (10-12 May 1973, Tours, France) at which 2 reports were presented: Psychological approach among hospital staff (Meau R., Sudre M.C., Paquiet J.); Standards of aptitude to be met by hospital personnel (Doumert J., Barbier C., Cherif S., Jallet M.F., Pigney F., Ronot P.). These reports were supplemented by various communications dealing with the following subjects among others: absenteeism due to psychic factors; psychiatric pathology among hospital staff; psychosomatic disturbances among female hospital staff; psychological difficulties which confront practitioners responsible for preventive medicine among hospital staff; epidemiology and prophylaxis of viral hepatitis in hospitals.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Dec. 1973, Vol.34, No.12, p.681-781. Illus.
Voisin C., Rémi J., Lenoir L.
Haemoptysis in pneumoconiotic coalminers
Les hémoptysies chez les mineurs de charbon pneumoconiotiques. [en francés]
Review of the various causes of haemoptysis which should be discounted before attributing the latter to pneumoconiotic lesions: tuberculosis complications, bronchopulmonary cancer, intercavitary aspergillosis, aseptic necrosis with progressive massive fibrosis, and haemoptysic bronchial lesions. Once diagnosed, these disorders become eligible for compensation as medico-legal complications. An account is given of specific treatment for the disorder responsible and the conduct to maintain for this always alarming symptom. New ways have been opened to therapy by the recent advances in the study of bronchial arteries.
Gazette des hôpitaux, Dec. 1973, Vol.145, No.20, p.881-887. Illus.
Lectures in occupational health
Arbeitsmedizin in Vorlesungen [en alemán]
This book constitutes an introduction to a subject which wil be considered in greater detail in courses. The authors of the various chapters outline the chief problems of occupational health, which are described concisely without unnecessary ballast. First part: principles of the plant physician's activity (scope and organisation of occupational medicine, occupational health service, pre-employment medical report, occupational physiology, experimental toxicology, relevance of threshold values, resuscitation and first aid); second part: notifiable occupational diseases and injuries (pneumoconiosis, occupational skin diseases, injuries due to radiation, noise or to mechanical or chemical agents, cancer); third part: special problems of occupational health (psychoses, employment of women and older workers, rehabilitation). There is an extensive bibliography.
UTB 44, F.K. Schattauer Verlag GmbH, Lenzhalde 3, 7 Stuttgart 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1973. 418p. Illus. Price: DM.19.80.
Otčénašek M., Dvořák J., Šich J., Nevludová D., Mališ J.
Gardeners' occupational microsporosis
Mikrosporie zahradníků jako profesionální dermatóza [en checo]
Study reporting the extensive incidence of dermatophytoses caused by Microsporum gypseum in employees in 2 horticultural establishments. Strains identical to those from human lesions were isolated from soil samples, which could thus be considered the source of the infection. The authors believe that the skin microtrauma in persons in permanent contact with garden soil play an important part in the formation of geophilic microspora.
Pracovní lékařství, June 1973, Vol.25, No.6, p.248-250. 17 ref.
Horáček J., Uličná L.
Tuberculosis verrucosa caused by mycobacterium balnei in mine waters (Case study)
Mycobacterium balnei v důlních vodách jako původce verukózní tuberkulózy kůže (Kasuistické sdělení) [en checo]
15 cases of tuberculosis verrucosa were discovered, within the last few years, among Czechoslovak coalminers. Tissue samples taken from a miner were subjected to histological and bacteriological examinations. An atypical mycobacterium of the type mycobacterium balnei was isolated, similar to the microorganism found in samples of water taken from mines, and to those which, according to American and Scandinavian authors, give rise to mycosis from swimming-pools.
Československá dermatologie, Apr. 1973, Vol.48, No.2, p.97-99. Illus. 4 ref.
Incidence of occupational skin diseases in Czechoslovakia in 1971
Výskyt kožních nemocí z povolání v Československu v roce 1971 [en checo]
In 1971, 5,124 new cases of occupational diseases, including 2,412 cases of skin diseases, were reported in Czechoslovakia. The average for the preceding years was 5,000 cases. 14 cases of dermatitis and 2 of skin cancer (due to prolonged exposure to ionising radiations) were reported. The following chemical substances are listed among the principal causative agents: petroleum products (364 cases), plastics (269), chromium (98), rubber and chemical products used in the rubber industry (91), organic dyestuffs (64), etc. The 875 cases of occupational skin infection are broken down as follows: 715 cases of trichophytosis, 67 of milker's nodule, 74 of erysipeloid, etc.
Československá dermatologie, Apr. 1973, Vol.48, No.2, p.73-80.
Ordinance of 17 December 1973 concerning occupational diseases
Verordnung über Berufskrankheiten (Vom 17. Dezember 1973) [en alemán]
Ordonnance sur les maladies professionnelles du 17 décembre 1973. [en francés]
In application of the Federal Act of 13 June 1911 concerning sickness and accident insurance, this ordinance, which entered into force on 1 Feb. 1974, lists: (a) 117 substances which may give rise to certain diseases among those engaged in their production or use; (b) 19 diseases which may be contracted by persons employed in the types of work specified.
Sammlung der eidgenössischen Gesetze - Recueil des lois fédérales, 7 Jan. 1974, No.1, p.47-52.
Decree No. 73-1012 of 8 Oct. 1973 prescribing the list of compulsorily notifiable diseases of an occupational nature in agriculture
Décret n°73-1012 du 8 oct. 1973 fixant la liste des maladies ayant un caractère professionnel en agriculture, qui doivent obligatoirement donner lieu à une déclaration médicale. [en francés]
The list is subdivided as follows: chemical agents; physical agents; infectious or parasitic diseases; skin diseases; disorders of the respiratory tract; other disorders.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and Ministry of Public Health and Social Security, (Ministère de l'agriculture et du développement rural et Ministère de la santé publique et de la sécurité sociale), Paris. Journal officiel de la République française, Paris, France, 8 Nov. 1973, No.260, p.11882-11883.
Aspergillus fumigatus mould as an agent of occupational lung diseases
Pleśnie Aspergillus fumigatus jako przyczyna schorzeń płuc o charakterze zawodowym [en polonés]
An account is given of the morphology, biology, occurrence and pathogenicity of Aspergillus fumigatus mould and of occupational aspergillosis (literature review, diagnosis). Serological tests showed that, in comparison to a control group, farmers run the highest aspergillosis risk, followed by tobacco and food industry workers. It is suggested that a light personal breathing apparatus should be worn by those occupationally exposed to hazardous concentrations of this mould. The need for regular lung function tests is stressed.
Medycyna Wiejska, 1973, Vol.8, No.4, p.275-284. Illus. 20 ref.
Zaidi S.H., Dogra R.K.S., Shanker R., Chandra S.V.
Experimental infective manganese pneumoconiosis in guinea pigs.
To assess the role of an infective factor in the production of manganese pneumoconiosis, guinea pigs were intratracheally inoculated with only Candida ablicans (a facultative pathogen of the upper respiratory tract), only manganese dioxide or a combination of both. Histopathological studies revealed at the termination of the experiments (180 days) that the dust and organism together produced thick reticulin and collagen fibrosis in the lungs; manganese dioxide alone produced a fibrotic reaction comprised of only thick reticulin fibres, while the organism alone produced slight lymphoid hyperplasia and no fibrosis.
Environmental Research, Sep. 1973, Vol.6, No.3, p.287-297. Illus. 30 ref.
Zaidi S.H., Shanker R., Dogra R.K.S.
Experimental infective pneumoconiosis: Effect of asbestos dust and Candida albicans infection on the lungs of rhesus monkeys.
Candida albicans and amosite dust together produced, after intertracheal inoculation, extensive collagenous fibrosis at 330 days in monkeys. The lesions produced by amosite dust alone comprised fine fibrosis around bronchioles and blood vessels and moderate interstitial fibrosis. Candida albicans alone caused acute inflammatory reaction in the early stages while at the termination of the experiment (330 days) scant evidence of candidiasis remained. It may be concluded that the extensive pulmonary fibrosis in the presence of dust is related to the simultaneous presence of organisms like C. albicans, the exact mechanism of its production requiring further investigation.
Environmental Research, Sep. 1973, Vol.6, No.3, p.274-286. Illus. 24 ref.
Symptomatology of chronic brucellosis.
A survey of the occurrence of symptoms attributed to chronic brucellosis was carried out by questionnaire in 4 different occupational groups (veterinary surgeons in private practice, veterinary surgeons of the Ministry of Agriculture, general medical practitioners working in rural areas, forestry workers) in Northern Ireland. The lack of specificity of the symptoms, their occurence in normal persons, and the finding of high serologica brucella antibody titres in asymptomatic persons who are exposed to brucella infection, emphasise the need for caution in overdiagnosis.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1973, Vol.30, No.4, p.385-389. 8 ref.
Occupational health and occupational diseases
Médecine du travail et maladies professionnelles. [en francés]
This book, intended for medical students in particular, presents a synthesis of the essential objectives of industrial medicine and the protection of workers' health, including the basic aspects of compensation in respect of occupational accidents and diseases. The greater part of the work is devoted to the clinical study of the occupational diseases for which compensation can be claimed under French law, and some other occupational diseases.
Flammarion médecine-sciences, 20 rue de Vaugirard, 75006 Paris, France, 4th edition, 1973, 205 p. Price: FF.5.00.
Prost G., Dechavanne M., Tolot F.
Hepatic and renal diseases of occupational origin
Atteintes hépatiques et rénales d'origine professionnelle. [en francés]
Considers a number of liver and kidney diseases due to infection (brucellosis, leptospirosis, viral hepatitis). The distinction is drawn between forms of toxic hepatitis due to substances which are absolute or constant poisons for the liver, and those caused by substances which are inconstant or idiosyncratic poisons. The various aetiologies, toxic process, anatomical and clinical observation, course of the disorder and possibilities of diagnosis are given for each of these substances. Acute poisoning of the kidneys occurs in 2 ways: directly, or during haemolysis. Chronic lesions are mostly due to lead or cadmium. Preventive medicine has to deal with 3 vital problems: working capacity of persons suffering from kidney or liver damage, diagnosis of the most discrete forms of such impairment, research on new toxic substances.
Journal de médecine de Lyon, 5 May 1973, Vol.54, p.643-652.
Weiss M., Guiard J., Planché C., Guilleret C.
Viral hepatitis - A complication of extracorporeal blood circulation endangering hospital teams
L'hépatite virale - Une complication des circulations extra-corporelles qui n'épargne pas l'équipe de soins. [en francés]
Description of 2 self-observed cases of viral hepatitis due to occupation, which occurred among the staff of an open-heart surgery unit (1 surgeon and 1 heart-lung machine technician contracted viral hepatitis with positive Australia or HB antigen test). The article examines the practical problems which arise from the points of view of forensic medicine, prophylaxis and statistics. Preventive measures should be oriented mainly towards systematic discovery of donors of contaminated blood and patients who are carriers of the HB virus or Australian antigen (patients about to undergo open-heart surgery, kidney transplant or haemodialysis); this is indispensable for the patient as well as for the hospital team. The statistical data quoted show a very high incidence of hepatitis among nursing and technical staff of specialised hospital services: 14 positive reactions and 12 cases of icterus among 190 persons examined during 1 year in a hospital, and 9 cases out of 52 persons during the same year in the laboratory of a hospital pharmacy.
Nouvelle presse médicale, 26 May 1973, Vol.2, No.21, p.1437-1441. 30 ref.
Palička P., Doležil Z.
Strongyloidosis in miners of the Ostrava-Karviná coalfield
Strongloidóza u zaměstnanců Ostravsko-Karvinského uhelného revíru [en checo]
An account of 7 cases of strongyloidosis recorded in the Ostrava-Karviná coalfield during 1961-1971. Systematic parasitological analysis of the faeces of 1,747 miners conducted in 1970-1971 did not reveal any new cases, which demonstrates the sporadic nature of the disease in the coalfield concerned.
Pracovní lékařství, Mar. 1973, Vol.25, No.3, p.102-103. 14 ref.
International Labour Office, Genève, Switzerland, and Ministerul Muncii, Bucureşti, Romania.
Proceedings of the IVth International Pneumoconiosis Conference.
Compte rendu de la IVe Conférence internationale sur les pneumoconioses [en francés]
Reports and papers, in the languages in which they were delivered (52 in English, 47 in French, 29 in German and 9 in Russian), presented to this conference held in Bucharest from 27 Sep. to 2 Oct. 1971. Medical section: epidemiology; etiopathogenesis of pneumoconiosis; chronic bronchitis and pneumoconiosis; pathological effects of asbestos; prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis; pneumoconiosis and work capacity; byssinosis; free communications. Technical section: dust measurement; dust hazard and TLV; dust suppression. General questions (pneumoconiosis prevention in several countries) were considered in a plenary session. The conference established 2 working groups, one to draw up a new definition of pneumoconiosis, and the other to revise the International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconiosis; the latter recommended combining the ILO Classification (1968) and the International Union Against Cancer (UICC) Classification adopted in Cincinnati, and selected new standard films for the resultant combined classification. The reports of these 2 working groups are reproduced in English. Over 900 specialists from 43 countries took part in the conference.
Apimondia, 20 strada Pitar Moş, Bucureşti, Romania, 1973. 808 p. Illus. 775 ref. Price: US-$24.00.
Pietruszynski M., Bossut T.
Periodicity of medical examinations in occupational health
Périodicité des visites médicales en médecine du travail. [en francés]
A synoptic view of the provisions of existing French legislation concerning the periodicity of statutory medical examinations, presented in 3 parts: provisions applying to all salaried persons; special provisions (compressed air, arsenic, building and civil engineering, benzene and its homologues, methyl bromide, noise, power trucks, fur, hair and bristle cutting establishments, sewers, arsine, manganese dioxide, lifting and carrying by hand, lead and lead compounds, ionising radiation, silica, cable railways, anthrax, cement, glassworks); work requiring special medical supervision. In all cases the regulations stipulate the minimum periodicity of the medical examinations.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1973, No.72, Note No.858-72-73, p.347-358.
Notification No.2/1973 concerning protection against hepatitis infection
Meddelelse nr.2/1973 om retningslinier for beskyttelse mod hepatitissmitte (leverbetændelse) [en danés]
These directives, intended for hospitals and laboratories which analyse human blood and other biologic substances, call for strict observance of hygienic rules. Direct contact with blood, urine, faeces, etc. must be avoided. Pipetting by direct mouth aspiration is prohibited. Washing hands before and after taking samples is compulsory. Gloves should be used whenever possible.
Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for Arbejdstilsynet), Upsalagade 20, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 15 Feb. 1973. 2p. Gratis.
Occupational dermatology due to virus zoonoses
Dermatologie professionnelle due aux zoonoses virales. [en francés]
Humans can be infected by certain virus zoonoses through occupational exposure to the pathological agent; the infection appears clinically in the form of cutaneous and/or mucous lesions. The study covers zoonoses encountered in temperate climates: foot-and-mouth disease, cow-pox, sheep-pox, orf (ecthyma contagiosum), Aujeszky's disease (pseudo-rabies or infectious bulbar paralysis), milkers' nodules; it deals with the comparative pathology of these diseases and their medico-social aspects.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Apr.-May 1973, Vol.34, Nos.4-5, p.248-252.
Anglo-French meeting on occupational dermatitis
Réunion franco-anglaise consacrée aux dermatoses professionnelles. [en francés]
Proceedings of this meeting, held in Jan. 1973, covering the following topics in particular: leukoderma from neoprene adhesives; dermatitis in the building industry, agriculture and slaughter-houses; prognosis of cement dermatitis; occupation and cancer of the skin in Great Britain; occupational dermatology and viral zoonoses; radiodermatitis; toxic reactions to local steroid applications; selection of protective gloves and their resistance to solvents; pH of workshop detergents for washing hands; irritant action of Javel extract.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Apr.-May 1973, Vol.34, Nos.4-5, p.235-272. Illus. 21 ref.
Cox R.N., Clark R.P.
The natural convection flow about the human body.
This study arose as a result of work by the British National Institute for Medical Research on man's acclimatisation to extremes of cold. The natural convection flow of air about the human body was investigated and it was shown that a boundary layer several centimetres thick, with a maximum velocity of 50 cm/s is established over a naked human for an ambient temperature of 15°C. This layer acts as a transport path for small particles such as pollens and skin scales. The convective flow is considered to play a part in the transmission of airborne infection. The results of these studies find applications in the design of operating theatres and protective clothing.
Revue générale de thermique, Jan. 1973, Vol.12, No.133, p.11-19. Illus. 6 ref.
Building Act 1972 [Australia - Australian Capital Territory]
This Act (No.26 of 1972) commenced on 1 Sep. 1972. It concerns, among other aspects of construction, the following aspects of safety and health in buildings and in building construction: inspection of premises for hazardous substances; inspection for Legionella bacteria; inspection during an outbreak of Legionnaire's disease; stop and demolition notices; notices specifying building and demolition works; removal of hazardous substances (particularly, asbestos). Only sections relevant to occupational safety and health are reproduced by CIS.
In: Australian Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare, CCH Australia Ltd., CNR Talavera and Khartoum Roads, Box 230, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia, Vol.3, 13p. (pages numbered 90,401 - 90,433).
This note describes the disease, lists industries and processes with which it is associated, describes symptoms of malignant pustule and pulmonary anthrax, indicates imported materials officially designated in the United Kingdom as potential sources of infection, and finally lists preventive measures and statutory British regulations. Brief details are given of active immunisation which is free to employees in the United Kingdom.
Technical Data Note No.20 (Rev), H.M. Factory Inspectorate, Department of Employment, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London S.E.1, United Kingdom, 1972. 2p. Gratis.
Renal disorders of occupational origin
Les manifestations rénales d'origine professionnelle. [en francés]
MD thesis. A review of the anatomy and physiology of the kidney and the clinical and paraclinical aspects of pathological changes classified into acute and chronic renal diseases. Their aetiology may be traumatic, physical, infectious or toxic. Considering the primary importance of the kidney in the metabolism and excretion of products, kidney disorders due to toxic substances are the most frequent. The chief toxic agents responsible are the acyclic hydrocarbons, the derivatives of aromatic cyclic hydrocarbons, metals and metalloids. A chapter deals with the role of the kidney in other disorders of occupational origin such as silicosis or carbon monoxide poisoning.
Université de Lille, Faculté de médecine, Lille, France, 1972. 116p. 135 ref.
Albert R.E., Lippmann M., Morrow P.E., Ferin J., Harrison G., Lapp N.L., Burrell R., Gernez-Rieux C., Tacquet A., Devulder B., Voisin C., Tonnel A., Aerts C., Policard A., Martin J.C., Le Bouffant L., Daniel H., Daniel-Moussard H., Weller W., Ulmer W.T., Gross P., Braun D.C., DeTreville R.T.P., Hilscher W., Schlipköter H.W.
Mechanisms of disease.
Text of the 10 papers which constitute Part 2 of the International Conference on Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis (New York, 13-17 Sep. 1971), sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences. The following subjects are covered: factors influencing dust retention in the pulmonary parenchyma; lymphatic drainage in dust clearance; alveolar dust clearance; electron microscopic findings in the lungs of miners; immunological aspects of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP); interactions between pneumoconiosis and mycobacterial infections; the role of quartz in the development of CWP; inhalation studies of coal-quartz mixture; pulmonary response to coal dust; antagonistic factors in the pathogenesis of CWP. An account of the discussion on these papers is given.
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis. Volume 200, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2 East 63rd Street, New York, N.Y. 10021, USA, 1972, p.37-183. Illus. 268 ref.
Medical care manual for sea-going vessels
Leitfaden der Gesundheitspflege auf Seeschiffen [en alemán]
Contents: principles of health protection at sea (fitness and aptitude, hygiene on board, ship's catering, space for medical treatment and sick bays aboard ships, medical supplies); structure and working of the human body (anatomy and physiology); basic emergency treatment for ship's officers (diagnostic, medical advice by radio, nursing); pathology for ship's officers (accidents, diseases requiring surgery, internal diseases, poisoning, infectious diseases, ear, nose and throat diseases, eye injuries and diseases, tooth and jaw diseases, skin diseases, nervous and mental disorders, pregnancy and confinement, venereal diseases, fatal occurrences, occupational diseases); national and international regulations; glossary of medical terms; list of abbreviations.
Verlag Volk und Gesundheit, Neue Grünstrasse 18, x 102 , 1972. 446 p. Illus. 13 ref. Price: M.49,50.
Brucellosis in the United States, 1970
A survey of human burcellosis in the USA during the period 1961-1970. The number of cases decreased from 636 in 1961 to 411 and 224 in 1970, a decline which is explained by the marked drop in the incidence of the disease in animals. The major problem relates to swine, in which the rate of disease is about 1%. Numerous statistical data are presented in tables. Most cases of human brucellosis were found in packing plants, particularly in slaughtering areas. Several cases of infection occurred in maintenance personnel, etc., who had no contact with raw meat.
Archives of Environmental Health, July 1972, Vol.25, No.1, p.66-72. Illus. 3 ref.
Die mykotische Infektion im Beruf [en alemán]
This issue contains articles by a number of authors on mycotic disease in physicians, paramedical personnel, food-industry workers, agricultural workers, miners and immigrant labour. Sections are devoted to: spores; sources of infestation and environmental factors; mode of infestation; pathogenesis and clinical picture. Problems of diagnosis and demonstration of occupational causation are touched upon. A further article is devoted to the mycological laboratory, its equipment and methods of investigation, and indications are given on the identification of fungi on cultures.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Arbeitshygiene, June 1972, Vol.7, No.6, p.149-166. Illus. 123 ref.
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