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Price A., Le Serve A., Parker D.
Biological hazards - The hidden threat.
This is one of a series of concise guides on hazards at the workplace addressed to shop stewards and trade union safety representatives. Contents: general remarks; how hazards enter the body (inhalation, direct contact, ingestion); biological health hazards (bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasitic worms, plant diseases); case studies (smallpox, humidifier fever, bacterial contamination of soluble oils and coolants, diseases of agricultural workers); sampling and monitoring; action on biological hazards (shop floor organisation, inspections and checklists, medical records and surveys, access to information); diseases and infections of biological origin.
Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., Nelson House, Mayfield Road, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey KT12 5PL, United Kingdom, 1981. 89p. Illus. Price: £1.40.
The relation between length of service and the course and sequelae of viral hepatitis in workers in the chemical industry
O vlijanii professional'nogo staža na tečenie i posledstvija virusnogo gepatita u rabočih himičeskih predprijatij [en ruso]
Viral hepatitis occurs in a more severe and protracted form in workers who have been occupationally exposed to toxic chemicals for long periods. Liver functions are more extensively impaired. Where the disease remits, biochemical levels are slow to normalise. Greater length of service correlates with more harmful sequelae.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Dec. 1980, No.12, p.33-36. 7 ref.
Krannich K., Zärtner H., Röhr W.
Health protection in liquid manure handling
Probleme des Gesundheitsschutzes beim Umgang mit Gülle [en alemán]
The uses of liquid manure in agriculture and the characteristics of its components (gases, microbes, parasites) are reviewed. Conditions when the manure has been spread are analysed: survival of pathogenic microorganisms, nitrogen concentration. The hazards of hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, nitrates, and pathogenic microbes and parasites are discussed. Technical prevention and personal protective measures required for transfer of liquid manure are set out.
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, June 1980, Vol.26, No.6, p.402-409. Illus. 45 ref.
Suzuki T., Kawabe T., Hanato K., Takemoto T., Sato H., Ichikawa R., Miyakama E., Ushizawa I.
Morbidity and change of haemoglobin levels in women engaged in aquiculture
The relations between haemoglobin levels and morbidity, and infestation by intestinal parasites, was studied in 189 women engaged in raising oysters and seaweed. Two women surgically operated for uterus myoma, 3 infested by Trichuris, one with nephritis and choliocystitis, and one with choliocystitis, were not included in the tolerance ellipse formulated from the Hb values of 146 women in good health.
Japanese Journal of Public Health, 15 Nov. 1980, Vol.27, No.11, p.577-580. Illus. 8 ref.
Crawford S.M., Miles D.W.
Leptospira hebdomadis associated with an outbreak of illness in workers on a farm in North Yorkshire.
Four cases of illness attributed to Leptospira hebdomadis are reported. The clinical features were a febrile illness that resembled influenza. In one case there was a lymphocyte meningitis. Prevention may be possible if diagnosis is done promptly.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1980, Vol.37, No.4, p.397-398. 6 ref.
Blacque-Belair A., Mathieu de Fossey B., Fourestier M.
Dictionary of biological and physical constants
Dictionnaire des constantes biologiques et physiques. [en francés]
Dictionary giving information on the present state of the art concerning biological, physical and chemical data, with an introduction giving general comments on physical and biological measurements, basic theory of data processing in the field of medicine and automation in biology. Part 1: enumeration - to the fullest extent possible - of biological constants under the following headings: water and electrolytes of body fluids, chemical elements (periodical classification), faeces, cephalo-rachidian fluid, other body fluids, radiation in medical physics and biology, normal blood, digestive juices, urine). Part 2: clinical applications of physico-biological constants in medicine: biological and chemical investigations in allergo-immunology, cardiovascular disorders, endocrinology, gastrointestinal disorders, parasitology, neurology, muscular disorders, etc. and in poisoning due to ethanol, arsenic and its inorganic compounds, benzene and its higher homologues, carbon dioxide and lead. Alphabetical index of abbreviations and subject index.
Editions Maloine, 27 rue de l'Ecole-de-Médecine, 75006 Paris, 5th edition, 1980, 2208p. Illus. 86 ref.
Vacher H., Vacher-Lavenu M.C., Chevrot A., Viallet J.F., Lavenu P.
Anatomical and radiological aspects of avian mycobacteriosis in miners (7 case studies)
Aspects anatomo-radiologiques pulmonaires des mycobactérioses aviaires chez les mineurs (à propos de 7 cas). [en francés]
Commencing with 7 case studies of avian mycobacteriosis in silicotic miners, this article examines the anatomical, radiographic and clinical aspects of this rare disease, with poor prognosis because the pathogenic agent is usually resistant to specific antibiotics. The clinical signs closely resemble those of tuberculosis, with persistant cough and dark-coloured haemoptysis. The radiological signs resemble those of silico-tuberculosis with pseudotumoral massed cavities, principally in the apex of the lung, often bilateral, without pleural involvement. Since anatomopathological investigation reveals no pathognomonic change, diagnosis must essentially be based on bacteriology (search for "mycobacterium avium").
Le concours médical, 1980, Vol.102, NO.37, p.5411-5426. Illus. 11 ref.
Offret H., Philbert M.
Occupational eye disorders
Pathologie ophtalmologique d'origine professionnelle [en francés]
This roundup of the state of the art covers: major occupationally-induced visual function syndromes (visual fatigue, glare, photophobia); eye injury (bruises, wounds, burns and lesions due to physical agents); disease of the external layers of the eye, the causes of which are grouped by toxic (mineral, vegetable, chemical) and allergic aetiology (microbial, chemical, vegetable); contagious occupational diseases which affect the eyes; preventive medicine; collective and personal protection.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, 18 rue Séguier, 75006 Paris, France. 8p. 11 ref.
Tasnier A., Bellen H., Tasnier C., Della Fiorentina H., De Schrijver K., Stienlet R., Nicaise R., De Wilde P.E.
Works canteens and kitchens - Hygiene
Cuisines et cantines d'entreprises - Hygiène. [en francés]
Cuisines et cantines d'entreprises - Hygiène [en holandés]
Principal themes considered in this special issue: questionnaire survey on works canteens and kitchens, and on menus served; study of hazards in works kitchens; drinking water (paratyphoid fever); food poisoning (staphylococci, salmonella); contacts with food.
Cahiers de médecine du travail - Cahiers voor arbeidsgeneeskunde, Sep. 1980, Vol.17, No.3, special issue. 36 ref.
Polk B.F., White J.A., DeGirolami P.C., Modlin J.F.
An outbreak of rubella among hospital personnel.
An outbreak of 47 cases at a large medical-surgical hospital is reported. Epidemiological investigation suggested that the source was a dietary worker. Testing of hospital personnel for rubella antibody, and immunisation of seronegative subjects should be considered.
New England Journal of Medicine, Sep. 1980, Vol.303, No.10, p.541-545. Illus. 29 ref.
Decree No.80-235 of 24 Mar. 1980, to revise and supplement the tables of occupational diseases in the Schedule to Decree No.46-2959 of 31 Dec. 1946
Décret n°80-235 du 24 mars 1980 révisant et complétant les tableaux de maladies professionnelles annexés au décret n°46-2959 du 31 décembre 1946. [en francés]
This Decree (effective 3 Apr. 1980) adds 2 new tables to the schedule of occupational diseases: Table 67, lesions of the nasal septum due to potassium chloride dust in potassium mines and ancillary plant; Table 68, occupational tularaemia. List of occupations in which these diseases may be acquired.
Journal officiel de la République française, 3 Apr. 1980, Vol.112, No.80, p.840-841.
Importance, and possibilities of medical prevention of tinea infection in miners
Značenje i mogućnosti prevencije dermatofitija u rudara [en serbocroata]
An increase in the incidence of tinea (dermatophytosis) of the hands and feet has been observed, and is particularly frequent in miners. In a randomly selected sample of 287 Yugoslav miners mycological examination revealed parasites in 175 individuals (more than 60% of the examined miners). Topical therapy combined with antibiotics and timely surgical treatment is effective, but usually does not prevent further spread of the disease. Preventive measures should comprise: workplace hygiene, personal hygiene, periodic medical examinations and health education. Special emphasis is laid on preventing parasite-host contact.
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, Mar. 1980, Vol.31, No.6, p.27-30. 10 ref.
Glover J.R., Bevan C., Cotes J.E., Elwood P.C., Hodges N.G., Kell R.L., Lowe C.R., McDermott M., Oldham P.D.
Effects of exposure to slate dust in North Wales
Studies in 725 workers exposed only to slate dust and 530 controls are reported. There was evidence of pneumoconiosis in 1/3 of the slate workers, and 10% had pneumoconiosis of category 2 or higher. The prevalence of respiratory symptoms was high and there was a 40-50% prevalence of radiological lesions suggestive of healed tuberculosis in men over 55.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 1980, Vol.37, No.2, p.152-162. 12 ref.
The hand, a tool for life
La main, un outil pour la vie. [en francés]
This issue is devoted to the risk of occupational accidents and diseases of the hand. Contents: statistics of accidents involving the hands (France); mechanical, thermal, and chemical hazards, manual handling tasks; occupational diseases (dermatitis, vibration, vinyl chlolride, tetanus); personal hygiene; role of the hand and its protection in the industrial environment (French regulations; textile industry; metalworking industry; woodworking; plastics, rubber, leather and fur industries; construction); hand tools; protective gloves; barrier creams; surgical treatment and protheses; left-handed workers. This issue is part of a hand safety campaign which also includes posters, slide-tapes, and a film ("Hand of Crystal") aimed at information of the general public.
Travail et sécurité, Feb.-Mar. 1980, special issue, p.89-184. Illus. 31 ref.
A comprehensive health program in a manganese ore mining community in the Amazon region of Brazil.
An integrated health programme at 2 remote communities of some 2000 people is described. Vital statistics of the worker communities and their families are given. 85% of the labour force is local. The health division is divided into departments of sanitation, medicine, nursing, nutrition, and dentistry. Great importance is attached to environmental sanitation. No case of manganese poisoning has occurred in the 21 years of operation of the mine. The methods of dust control employed, and some of the findings of examinations of workers, are described. Other aspects discussed are malaria, pulmonary tuberculosis, leishmaniasis, and pterygium control.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, May 1980, Vol.22, No.5, p.342-346. 2 ref.
Nordic occupational dermatitis symposium.
Some of the papers read at the symposium (Dublin, Ireland, 10-12 Nov. 1978): bacteria and soluble oil dermatitis; contact dermatitis due to machine oil in hosiery workers; 10-year review of an industrial dermatitis clinic; permanent disability from nickel allergy; kangri cancer in the brick industry; allergic contact dermatitis in veterinary surgeons; contact urticaria from latex surgical gloves; allergy to nyloprint acrylate printing plates; orf (ecthyma contagiosum of sheep and goats); oedema of fingers from a hydrogen-fluoride-containing aluminium blancher; itching in potroom workers using recycled alumina; health risks from isocyanates; identification of contact sensitisers by animal assay; acrylates in industry; contact allergy to bis(4-chlorophenyl)methyl chloride; hand eczema from formaldehyde in price labels; legal aspects of occupational dermatitis in Northern Ireland; photosensitivity and allergy to lichens and oleoresins; work in ultraviolet radiation; occupational eczema in a woodpulp factory.
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 1980 (extra issue), Vol.6, No.1, p.5-79. Illus. 108 ref.
A prevalence study of virus warts on the hands in a poultry processing and packing station.
The prevalence of viral warts in these workers was 38.2% (11.9% in a control population of textile workers). The common human papova virus was identified from scrapings. The possible reasons for the high prevalence of warts is discussed: the cause may be that the workers' hands are frequently wet rather than contact with the chickens themselves. Wearing gloves significantly protected workers against warts, but the prevalence was still 32% in those who always wore gloves.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1980, Vol.30, No.1, p.20-23. 9 ref.
Conolly W.B., Kilgore E.S.
Hand injuries and infections. An illustrated guide
This book is intended for physicians with clinical responsibility for primary evaluation and treatment of hand injuries and infections and provides guidelines for initial treatment of patients who should be referred to a specialist. Classification, pathology and diagnosis are discussed in the context of superficial wounds, undisplaced fractures, joint sprains, crushed fingertip, subungual haematoma, mallet finger, superficial infections, flexor and major extensor tendon injuries, nerve injuries, amputations requiring flaps or replantation, complex or mangling injuries, suppurative tenosynovitis, and deep burns involving the circumference of the finger or hand.
Year Book Medical Publishers Inc., 35 East Wacker Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60601, USA, 1979. 167p. Illus.
Basic principles of occupational hygiene
Grundlagen der Arbeitshygiene [en alemán]
Manual containing basic information for the practitioner who has to deal with industrial hygiene problems: information on stress and strain, and the relation between work and health. Contents: principles of worker protection; physical and mental workload, and conclusions regarding workplace design and layout; hours of work and breaks; medical problems of young persons, the elderly, and women at work; effects of environmental physical factors; effects of non-toxic dust; effects of chemicals; allergic respiratory disorders; infectious diseases of occupational origin; occupational health organisation in the German Democratic Republic. Appended: list of relevant regulations and standards.
Verlag Volk und Gesundheit, Neue Grünstrasse 18, DDR-1020 Berlin, 1979. 168p. Illus. Price: M.9.30.
Erysipeloid in slaughterhouse workers
Erysipeloid bei Schlachthofarbeitern [en alemán]
The incidence and clinical course of the dermal form of erysipeloid in 125 slaughterhouse workers is described. The highest frequency was in summer and autumn.Most cases occurred in persons in contact with infected pork materials, rarely with beef. The most frequent localisation of the process was the index fingers and thumbs of both hands.
Medizinische Klinik, 1979, Vol.74, No.45, p.1686-1688. 21 ref.
Audibert E., Mehl J.
Exceptional occupational contamination in slaughterhouse personnel: Meningitis due to streptococcus R
Une contamination professionnelle exceptionnelle parmi le personnel des abattoirs: la méningite par streptocoque R. [en francés]
A case of streptococcal meningitis occurring in the swine slaughtering section of an abattoir is reported. Inoculation could have occurred through an open wound or by oral contamination. Prevention measures recommended are: veterinary inspection; general hygiene of swine slaughterhouse premises; personal hygiene.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Nov. 1979, Vol.40, No.11, p.1019-1021.
Elischerová K., Stúpalová S., Helbichová R., Štěpánek J.
Presence of Listeria monocytogenes in the faeces of meat industry workers and butcher trade employees
Výskyt Listeria monocytogenes v stolici osôb zamestnaných vo výrobniach a predajniach mäsa [en eslovaco]
Analysis of the faeces of 322 meat industry workers and 143 butchers showed the presence of L. monocytogenes in 6.2% of the former, especially delicatessen workers (inadequate cooking of the meat) and 3.1% of the latter. It is suggested that infection is via contamination of the hands. Infected workers were in good clinical health. A number of women examined gave birth to underdeveloped premature infants, but a relation with listeriosis has not been studied.
Československá epidemiologie, mikrobiologie, immunologie, Mar. 1979, Vol.28, No.2, p.97-102. 16 ref.
Banerjee K., Gupta N.P., Goverdhan M.K.
Viral infections in laboratory personnel.
The staff of the Indian National Institute of Virology was studied. Since the Institute was established in 1952, there have been 87 cases of infection with Kyasanur forest disease (KFD), 3 with Chikungunya, 7 with Ganjam and 1 with West Nile viruses. 64 of the KFD infections were in laboratory workers, 23 in field workers collecting insects. Infections were similar to natural cases, but there were no deaths in laboratory personnel. Vaccination with formolised KFD vaccine in 1966 seemed to reduce the incidence of infection in laboratory workers. The main mode of infection was via aerosols.
Indian Journal of Medical Research, Mar. 1979, Vol.69, p.363-373. 23 ref.
Muhametova G.N., Kurmaeva A.A., Hajrullina R.M., Alibaev T.S., Jarmuhametova F.A.
Occupational hygiene problems and health of workers producing vitaminised protein concentrates
Nekotorye voprosy gigieny truda i sostojanie zdorov'ja rabočih proizvodstva belkovo-vitaminnyh koncentratov [en ruso]
Studies at 2 plants engaged in biosynthesis of animal foods showed yeast and dry concentrate dust (dermatitis of the candidiasis type, skin allergy), and paraffin (skin sensitisation) to be particularly harmful. Preventive measures proposed: enclosure of separation, drying and packing equipment (with exhaust system), improved ventilation, use of antifungal cream, periodic medical examinations.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Sep. 1979, No.9, p.23-25. 3 ref.
Guide to health and hygiene in agricultural work.
This guide provides a wide spectrum of information on agricultural health hazards and their prevention. While focusing the problems of developing countries, it also deals with issues of concern to industrialised countries. Contents: living conditions and environmental hygiene (housing, farm buildings, water supply, manure and sewage, environmental health, food sanitation); occupational physiology and ergonomics; prevention and management of occupational pesticide poisoning; occupational diseases; zoonoses, infectious and parasitic diseases; occupational health services and medical inspection of labour.
International Labour Offce, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1979. 309p. Illus. Price: CHF 27.50.
Brain J.D., Valberg P.A.
State of the art - Deposition of aerosol in the respiratory tract.
This broad-ranging article covers: major classes of inhaled particles and their significance (including allergens, occupational dust, radioactive particles); mechanisms of sedimentation; characterisation of exposure to aerosol (including experimental measurement of aerosol size distribution, respirable mass sampling, measurement of mass, measurement of particle size); introducing particles into the lung (principles of generation, polydisperse aerosols, monodisperse aerosols, aspiration, intratracheal instillation); measuring deposition (estimating deposition from exposure, inspired vs. expired concentrations, radioactive tracer techniques, magnetic methods, dissection, morphological methods); factors influencing deposition (size distribution, hygroscopicity, electric charge, breathing pattern, mouth vs. nose breathing, species differences, disease); other factors (exercise, regional differences, gravity, age).
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Dec. 1979, Vol.120, No.6, p.1325-1373. Illus. 254 ref.
Occupational injury of the teeth, mouth and jaw
Berufsschäden im Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferbereich [en alemán]
This book, addressed primarily to stomatologists, deals with pathogenesis, prevention, therapy and rehabilitation. Chapters deal with physical effects (mechanical factors, dust, vibration, accidents, ionising radiation, heat, variation at atmospheric pressure, extreme conditions); acids, bases, phosphorus, fluorine, mercury, inorganic and organic compounds, lead, metals, halogens, sulfur, solvents, carbon monoxide, ammonia, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanide, phenols, tar products, fungicides, insecticides, herbicides; infections; zoonoses; summary of clinical symptoms.
VEB Verlag Volk Gesundheit, Neue Grünstrasse 18, DDR-1020 Berlin, 1979. 174p. Illus. Price: M.31.00.
Discussion of safety of work in microbiological laboratories, with reference to recent incidents in the United Kingdom (smallpox, Lassa fever and other pathogens) with some statistics (total laboratory-associated infections (UK), pre-1925 to 1974: 3,921 (164 deaths); breakdown by types of laboratory: research (59% cases); diagnostic 17% - often viral hepatitis); teaching (2.7%); biological products manufacture (3.4%)). Considerations on inadequacies of some fume cupboards, inspections of medical and hospital laboratories instead of voluntary control (role of the Health and Safety Executive); new procedures (safety code and efficient incident-reporting system set up at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and at Birmingham University following deaths from smallpox infection among laboratory staff).
Health and Safety at Work, Nov. 1979, Vol.2, No.3, p.46-49. Illus.
Zerlett G., Toussaint R.
Arbeitsmedizin [en alemán]
Manual intended for medical aides assisting the plant physician: basic theoretical knowledge of occupational medicine and useful information for practical medical care. Following the official classification of occupational diseases giving entitlement, it considers in turn: hazards, pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnosis and prevention of diseases due to metals, asphyxiants, chemicals, physical agents, bacteria and parasites, and diseases of the respiratory tract and skin. Much space is devoted to preventive medical examinations, biological lalboratory tests and functional tests. Annex: extracts from West German regulations concerning the activity of plant physicians.
Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Hessbrühlstrasse 69, 7000 Stuttgart 80, Federal Republic of Germany, 1979. 230p. Illus. Price: DM.29.80.
Nelson L.A., Callerame M.L., Schwartz R.H.
Aspergillosis and atopy in cystic fibrosis.
46 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) were studied for colonisation and sensitisation by Aspergillus organisms. Aspergillus precicitins were found in 37% of CF patients; positive skin tests were found in 39%; atopy defined by skin test criteria was found in 46%. All of these findings were more common in patients with severe disease (P<0.05). CF patients had predominant mould sensitivity in contrast to predominant pollen sensitivity in a control group of asthmatic subjects. Serum IgE concentrations were increased in 22% of CF patients; 4 patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) during the time of study and follow-up, and another patient had ABPA diagnosed before the study. The incidence of ABPA during a 2-year period in the CF population was 11%.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Oct. 1979, Vol.120, No.4, p.863-873. Illus. 47 ref.
Hepatitis B: An occupational hazard of health care facilities.
During a 4 year period, 30 cases of hepatitis B attributed to work occurred at an urban medical centre. Only 5 of the workers affected described a relevant incident before onset of the disease. Early symptoms were non-specific, and routine monitoring and clinical awareness are necessary for early diagnosis. More effective control measures are needed. It is unlikely that post-exposure immune globulin prophylaxis will reduce the incidence of hepatitis B.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Dec. 1979, Vol.21, No.12, p.807-810. 31 ref.
Health and safety Executive.
Anthrax: health hazards.
This revised guidance note describes the disease, lists industries and processes with which it is associated, describes symptoms of malignant pustule and pulmonary anthrax, indicates imported materials officially designated in the United Kingdom as potential sources of infection, and finally lists preventive measures and statutory British regulations. Brief details are given of active immunisation which is free to employees in the United Kingdom.
Guidance Note EH 23. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, Aug. 1979. 3p. Price: £0.30.
Department of Labour.
Guidelines for protein plants on precautions to be taken for the prevention of occupational brucellosis.
A description of the course of the disease and how it is acquired is followed by considerations on training for awareness of employees and supervisors, role of zoonotic pathogens, and a list of 12 minimum requirements to be observed in these plants (hermetically sealed containers for condemned material; open pits should be equipped with canopies and air from them drawn through a furnace for sterilisation; checking and changing air conditioning filters; no food or drink on premises; washing and showering facilities; goggles, face mask, protective clothing, gloves; removal of spillages, etc.).
Stationery Office, Beggar's Bush, Dublin 4, Ireland. 4p. Gratis.
Department of Labour, Dublin.
Guidelines for meat factories on precautions to be taken for the prevention of occupational brucellosis.
A description of the course of the disease and how it is acquired is followed by considerations on preventive measures (eradication of brucellosis from the national herd, training for awareness of workers and supervisors), and a list of minimum requirements to be observed in these factories (identification of brucellosis-reactive animals and separate slaughtering of these animals, disinfection of vehicles which have transported them) and in abattoirs (separation of "clean" cattle from brucellosis reactors; disposal of udders and supermammary lymph nodes and contaminated parts of carcass, evisceration methods; hermetically sealed containers for condemned material); warning colours (red, green) for offal areas; handling of condemned material; hygiene rules for maintenance workers; protective clothing and gloves when handling hides and hooves.
Stationery Office, Beggar's Bush, Dublin 4, Ireland. 4p. Gratis.
Second national colloquium on occupational dermatisis
II Simpósio nacional sobre dermatoses ocupacionais [en portugués]
Communications to this symposium, held at Porto Alegre, Brazil, on 16-18 Nov. 1978, are: definitions of occupational dermatosis (OD) and predisposing factors (Da Fonseca A.); diagnosis of OD (Sampaio S.A.P.); definition and classification of contact dermatitis (Proença Guimaraes N.); OD in the plastics industry (Belliboni N.); major causes of OD in 698 cases observed in São Paulo (Belliboni N.); contact dermatitis due to rubber (Ali S.A. et al.); occupattonal and familial sporotrichosis (Furtado T. et al.); patch tests in occupational medicine - dermatoses due to petroleum derivatives (Ali S.A. et al.); data sheet on dermatitis (Da Fonseca A. et al.); dermatitis statistics in the Porto Alegre iron and steel industry (Bopp C. et al.); dermatitis of the hands in hospital personnel (Bakos L. et al.); dermatitis due to electroplating work (Alchorne A.O.A. et al.).
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Apr.-June 1979, Vol.7, No.26, p.6-71. Illus. 286 ref.
Zoonoses: Animal diseases and man.
The most important zoonoses are listed with infectious agent, transmitting animal, symptoms in humans including mortality, occurrence (place and number of cases), and treatment of: anthrax, brucellosis, ornithosis, rabies, swine erysipelas, tetanus and trichinosis. Other possible occupational diseases are mentioned.
Professional Safety, June 1979, Vol.24, No.6, p.15-17. 9 ref.
XVth National Congress on Occupational Medicine, Strasbourg, France, 10-13 May 1978
XVes Journées nationales de médecine du travail, Strasbourg, 10-13 mai 1978. [en francés]
Text of the 3rd report (1st and 2nd report: CIS 79-1264 and 79-1308) and of papers presented at the Congress on the theme of diseases of foreign workers: tuberculosis, digestive disorders; skin diseases; parasitic diseases; haemoglobinopathy; psychopathological aspects.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Jan.-Feb. 1979, Vol.40, No.1-2, p.203-338. Illus. 180 ref.
XVth National Congress on Occupational Medicine, Strasbourg, 10-13 May 1978
XVes Journées nationales de médecine du travail, Strasbourg, 10-13 mai 1978. [en francés]
Text of the 1st report and of the papers presented at the Congress on the theme of pneumoconiosis. The following aspects were considered in the papers presented, some of which were oriented towards the particular problems occurring in Eastern France: silicosis in the iron and steel industry; siderosis; pneumoconiosis in coal miners and in workers engaged in constructing, resurfacing and dismantling refractory material-lined furnaces in the iron and steel industry; siderosis and broncho-pulmonary cancer, secondary infection by fowl pest (aviary mycobacteria) in coal miners' pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, silico-antimoniosis, pneumoconiosis due to cerium (case study), differential diagnosis of berylliosis and sarcoidosis, pneumoconiosis due to work with cemented carbides, pneumoconiosis in building and civil engineering, silicosis hazard in prosthodontists.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Jan.-Feb. 1979, Vol.40, No.1-2, p.1-129. Illus. 75 ref.
National Joint Technical Committee for the Activities of the Intertrade Group, National Health Insurance Fund (Comité technique national des activités du groupe interprofessionnel, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie), Paris, 14 Nov. 1978.
Viral hepatitis of occupational origin
Hépatite virale d'origine profesionnelle. [en francés]
This recommendation, which concerns more particularly antigen-B type hepatitis, prescribes measures to be adopted with regard to medical supervision, personal hygiene and personal protection, information and training of staff exposed to viral hepatitis contagion, and with regard to technical measures to be adopted concerning premises, furnishings and equipment, bedding and linen to avoid all risk of contamination. A commentary on the recommendation follows.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 1st quarter 1979, No.94, Note No.1173-94-79 (Recommendation No.151), p.163-166.
Katsnelson B.A., Mokronosova K.A.
Non-fibrous mineral dusts and malignant tumors.
Workers at Soviet plants producing silica firebricks and aluminosilicate firebricks, a gold mine, and a talc mining, grinding and processing plant (a total of over 235,000 man-years) were considered. The death rate was estimated from the number of deaths due to cancer registered over 21-27 years and the number of man-years for all employees over the same period. Talc dust (even that not containing fibrous minerals) was shown to be a carcinogen, and silica-containing dust only a co-carcinogen. The silica content of dust plays either no role at all or a much lesser role than that of the total dust load. The role played by tuberculosis in influencing the cancer death rate is discussed.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1979, Vol.21, No.1, p.15-20. Illus. 35 ref.
Ministry of Labour, National OSH Institute (Ministério do Trabalho, FUNDACENTRO)
Manuel of safety, hygiene and medicine for agricultural work
Manual de segurança, higiene e medicina do trabalho rural [en portugués]
Contents of this advanced training manual: socio-economic aspects of rural work; occupational accidents in farming; occupational hazards (agriculture); accident causes; types of accidents; elimination of accident causes; reporting of accidents and accident statistics; occupational safety in rural work (tractors, agricultural machines and equipment, hand tools, power-driven hand tools, fires, organic waste, electricity, transportation, principal crops); personal protective equipment; occupational health and hygiene; occupational medicine in agriculture (hazards, occupational diseases: physical, chemical and biological pathogenic agents, zoonoses; parasite diseases; pesticides); first aid; OSH training; commentary on Brazilian legislation concerning occupational accidents; glossary.
FUNDACENTRO, 539 Al. Barão de Limeira, São Paulo, Brazil, 1978. 185p. Illus. 96 ref.
Occupational hazards and rheumoarthropathies
Rischi professionali e reumoartropatie [en italiano]
The chief clinical situations in which rheumatic joint diseases may occur as a result of employment are illustrated. They relate to infectious agents, bronchopneumopathy, toxic substances, trauma (barotrauma, vibration, microclimate), and work posture and movement. The status of these conditions in relation to compensation in Italy is discussed.
Rivista di medicina del lavoro ed igiene industriale, Oct.-Dec. 1978, Vol.2, p.311-332. Illus.
Are there diseases linked to air conditioning?
Peut-on parler d'une pathologie liée à l'air conditionné ? [en francés]
MD thesis. A brief review of the French legislation concerning workplace ventilation and technical data on air conditioning are followed by a detailed study of physical factors (thermal and hygrometric factors, dust, noise, infrasound, ionisation), chemical factors (CO2, toxic vapours and gases, odours, ozone levels) and microbial contamination found in air conditioning systems. Other sections are devoted to a study of "humidifier fever" and other health hazards due to microbial infection or immunological process, and the psychological aspect of the symptoms encountered. A study by the French Democratic Confederation of Labour (CFDT) and the author's personal observations confirm published data.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté de médecine Broussais - Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France, 1978, 68p. Illus. 75 ref.
Gil Ausina E.
Tratamiento del tétanos
This monograph on occupational tetanus in Spain emphasises the fact that prevention is the best treatment and stresses the importance of systematic vaccination and the role of the industrial physician. Considerations on the traditional methods of treating tetanus and different immunisation methods (active, passive, mixed).
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Oct.-Dec. 1978, Vol.26, No.104, p.46-53. 13 ref.
McDonald J.C., Gibbs G.W., Liddell F.D.K., McDonald A.D.
Mortality after long exposure to cummingtonite-grunerite.
Cummingtonite-grunerite is the name given to a range of amphibole minerals. One of these is a naturally occurring, fibrous silicate given the trade name "amosite" asbestos. Ore containing cummingtonite-grunerite has been mined to extract gold since 1876 in the United States, in a South Dakota gold mine. Each of the 1,321 men recorded as having worked more than 21 years in this mine was allocated to one of 5 dust-exposure categories on the basis of work history and environmental conditions. All except 9 men were traced to the end of 1973, when 652 were still living; the cause of death was ascertained for 657 of the 660 men who had died. Deaths from cerebrovascular accidents and malignant disease were close to the numbers expected, and from accidents and other causes were fewer than expected, but in each of the 3 diagnostic groups - pneumoconiosis (mainly silicosis), tuberculosis, and heart disease - there were more than 30 excess deaths. A clear dust-exposure relationship was found for pneumoconiosis and respiratory tuberculosis - with relative risks of 19.9 and 16.0, respectively, for the 2 groups with greatest exposure to dust as compared to the 2 with least exposure, but there was no convincing evidence of an increase in respiratory cancer.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Aug. 1978, Vol.118, No.2, p.271-277. 9 ref.
Blaizot M., Capronnier M., Cavigneaux A., Brousse G., Métrot J., Susbielle G., Huguenard P.
Medical aspects of overseas employment, especially in hot climates
Aspects médicaux du travail à l'étranger, notamment dans les pays chauds. [en francés]
This issue, devoted entirely to the above question, contains articles on: problems to be handled by medical officers of building and construction firms concerning the posting of employees to work projects in foreign (especially hot) countries (determination of physical and psychological fitness for the change; thorough medical examination on return; advice on health facilities in foreign countries); extent to which French regulations still apply to company employees posted abroad; emigration and occupational disease (compensation aspects); medical advice for transfer overseas for any considerable length of time (vaccinations, health and hygiene precautions, chemoprophylaxis); medical assistance available on isolated work sites; design and equipment of living and recreation quarters in an oil drilling camp in the desert (sleeping quarters, swimming pool and other leisure facilities).
Revue de médecine du travail, 1978, Vol.6, No.4, p.167-207. Illus.
Recommendations for prophylaxis of viral hepatitis
Recommandations concernant la prophylaxie de l'hépatite virale. [en francés]
Paper communicated to the Technical Regional Committee for Food Wholesale and Retail Trades (Comité technique régional "alimentation-interprofessionnelle", Lille, France). The recommended prophylaxis consists essentially of general hygiene measures for hospital nursing, laboratory and haemodialysis unit personnel. These measures, designed to avoid contact with contaminated matter or linen, are listed. Screening for Australia antigen plays an important part in the prevention of this disease. The article mentions the role of passive immunisation by preventive injection of gamma globulin.
Regional Health Insurance Fund for Northern France (Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France), 11 boulevard Vauban, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 14 Sep. 1978. 7p. Gratis.
Tuberculosis hazard for medical personnel
Tuberkulosegefährdung des ärztlichen Personals [en alemán]
Unlike the general public, health service personnel is exposed to a high tuberculosis risk, as 2 public health regional offices in the Fed.Rep. of Germany confirm. The importance of mass miniature radiography and tuberculosis vaccination for these workers is stressed. Several cases of late primary tuberculosis in non-vaccinated persons are cited.
Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, 4 Aug. 1978, Vol.103, No.31, p.1237-1240. 28 ref.
Abridged textbook of occupational medicine
Kurzgefasstes Lehrbuch der Arbeitsmedizin [en alemán]
This concise but well-documented manual is the fruit of collaboration between the author and 9 other specialists. Short chapters on occupational physiology, ergonomics and occupational psychology precede the main part of the book, which contains chapters devoted to the recognised occupational diseases: health damage due to chemicals and to physical agents, occupational lung disease, skin diseases and cancer of the skin, infectious and parasitic diseases. These chapters give details on aetiology, symptoms of acute and chronic morbidity, diagnosis, therapy and prevention. Other subjects dealt with include: disorders due partly to occupational factors, influence of work on chronic disease, elderly workers, shift work and work at high temperatures, Austrian occupational safety and health legislation and expert diagnosis and treatment of occupational diseases. List of occupational diseases giving entitlement to compensation in Austria and list of maximum allowable concentrations (MAC).
Verlag Brüder Hollinek, Gallgasse 40a, 1130 Wien, Austria, 1978. 255p. Illus. 28 ref. Price: Sch.240.00.
Renoux G., Renoux M.
Passive haemoagglutination in the individual or epidemiological diagnosis of human brucellosis
Hémagglutination passive appliquée au diagnostic individuel ou épidémiologique de la brucellose humaine. [en francés]
Coupling of an extract of Brucella abortus 99 to sheep red blood cells by chromium chloride is the basis for a highly specific and sensitive, passive haemoagglutination test. Out of 778 men with established or suspected brucellosis, results were positive in 153 in whom agglutination or complement fixation was positive and in 21 cases with a negative reaction to the usual tests. Passive haemoagglutination allowed hitherto undiagnosed Brucella infections to be identified in 28.6% of 18,367 persons examined in rural areas. Simple to perform, it can replace a whole battery of tests for individual and epidemiological studies.
Semaine des hôpitaux, 8-15 Dec. 1978, Vol.54, No.43-44, p.1337-1342. 10 ref.
Dubrisay J., Fagès J.
Occupational injuries in the agricultural sector - A statistical approach - II. Occupational diseases
La pathologie professionnelle dans les activités agricoles; essai d'approche statistique - II. Les maladies d'origine professionnelle. [en francés]
Sequel to a first article abstracted as CIS 79-284. A statistical analysis (covering 3,276 cases of occupational diseases compensated during the period 1974-1976) of the frequency of occupational diseases with breakdown, following the European classification, into 5 groups of cases: infectious and parasitic diseases (82%), skin disorders (8%), poisoning due to chemicals (6%), respiratory diseases (2%), postural complaints (0.6%). Brucellosis alone accounted for 74% of the total number of cases studied. The article concludes with a review of French regulations concerning compensation for, and the prevention of, occupational diseases in the agricultural sector.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, July-Aug. 1978, Vol.39, No.7-8, p.459-468.
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