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CIS 11-0322 Patel D.
Occupational travel
This review summarizes the available evidence on travel-related illness and injury for overseas travellers and, where available, evaluates the literature on occupational travellers. The studies evaluated include those published in international scientific literature since 1980 and were identified through a search of relevant databases using selected keywords. A high proportion of travellers experience health problems. While the majority of problems are minor, they can cause disruption to travel plans, and a small proportion can result in hospital admission or death. Data on occupational travellers are limited but reveal similar findings, although higher rates of illness and injury are often reported and psychological factors appear to be more prominent. This is particularly the case for expatriates. While data on general travellers can be used to make valid inferences about the travel-related illness or injury in occupational travellers, there are some important differences between the two groups, which need to be considered when making comparisons. Further research in this area is required to evaluate the additional risks to those who travel overseas for work.
Occupational Medicine, 2011, Vol.61, p.6-18. 68 ref.

CIS 11-0427 OSH in figures: Occupational safety and health in the transport sector - An overview
The transport sector is one of the growing sectors in the European economy and highly affected by change: a growing proportion of women, migrant and part-time workers, rapid ageing of the workforce and many technological innovations. Transport workers are exposed to multiple physical risks, suffer violence, and many have unusual working times and repetitive and monotonous work. The consequences are high accident rates, musculoskeletal disorders, stress and fatigue. This report reviews the OSH risks of a wide variety of transport occupations, by analysing statistics and studies, and through selected case examples of prevention. The report has a broad scope: it covers all transport subsectors (rail, water, air and road) and is intended for both those working in the sector and policymakers.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2011. 256p. Illus. Price: EUR 15.00 Downloadable version free of charge.
OSH_in_figures.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 11-0268 La seguridad en la cadena de suministro en relación con el embalaje de los contenedores
Safety in the supply chain in relation to packing of containers [en inglés]
La sécurité dans la chaîne d'approvisionnement concernant le remplissage des conteneurs [en francés]
To ensure that a greater proportion of containers reach their destination without an incident being caused or damage inflicted by the cargo, it is essential that the container packing community should be educated about the means available and the ways to use them. All those involved in the process must be kept up to date, which requires identifying a better way of disseminating the necessary information. This report explores training concepts and means to direct packers to suitable sources of information. It also sets out to recommend the way in which the current guidelines and practices may be integrated to form "best practices", and how these should be adopted by international organizations such as the ILO and the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2011, xii, 96p. Illus.
GDFPC/2011/EN.pdf [en inglés]
GDFPC/2011/FR.pdf [en francés]
GDFPC/2011/ES.pdf [en español]


CIS 11-0787 Valladeau A.S., Zana J.P., Mauguen G., Nuyts R., Palka T., L'Herrou T., Vigué Y., Fassenot T.
Things are moving in the removals sector - Occupational safety and health in a true occupation
Ça déménage chez les déménageurs - Prévention pour un vrai métier [en francés]
The planning and organization of each removal are necessary steps for evaluating risks. When carried out as early as possible and with the active participation of workers, they enable the identification of constraints inherent to the activity, thereby making it possible to improve working conditions and the quality of service. Contents of this guide on occupational safety and health in the removals sector: hazards; main activities of removals workers; leads for solutions; musculoskeletal diseases.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2011. 11p. Illus. 5 ref.
Ça_déménage.pdf [en francés]

CIS 11-0578 Marucci-Wellman H., Leamon T.B., Binh T.T., Diep N.B., Willetts J.L., Wegman D.H., Kriebel D.
The work-related burden of injury in a rapidly industrialising commune in Viet Nam
In this community-based injury surveillance study, workplaces in a Vietnamese region were identified and ranked by the magnitude of injuries (or highest injury count), the risk (highest incidence rates) and the burden (the effect of injuries on the livelihoods of workers). A total of 591 injuries occurring in the month prior to survey administration were analyzed. 482 were attributed to work activities (82%), yielding an annualised incidence rate of 1001/1000 full time employee equivalents (FTE). The highest number of injuries (299) occurred in the manufacturing sector, followed by agriculture (70). The highest rate of injury was in the transport, storage and communications sector (annualised IR 1583/1000 FTE), followed by manufacturing (1235/1000 FTE) and agriculture (844/1000 FTE). Implications of these findings are discussed.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 2010, Vol.67, No.4. p.244-250. 14 ref.

CIS 10-0523 Asaoka S., Namba K., Tsuiki S., Komada Y., Inoue Y.
Excessive daytime sleepiness among Japanese public transportation drivers engaged in shiftwork
The objective of this study was to explore the actual condition of sleep disorders underlying subjective excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) among 3109 train and bus drivers engaged in shiftwork. Clinical diagnoses were carried out on the 147 drivers who claimed to have subjective EDS and 285 drivers who were judged to have obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), based on the screening process. Among these subjects, the prevalence of OSAS was 3.7% and that of shiftwork disorder (SWD) was 1.5%. SWD was common among drivers who had EDS (32.7% of drivers with EDS), and their EDS severity was higher than that of OSAS drivers. The drivers with SWD were mostly young and neither obese nor hypertensive. Encouraging awareness of SWD and OSAS could be necessary to prevent sleepiness-related accidents.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2010, Vol.52, No.8, p.813-818. Illus. 52 ref.


CIS 10-0169 Lampen A.
Securing the loads - more important today than ever
Ladungssicherung - heute wichtiger denn je [en alemán]
In the past years more and more attention has been given to securing of loads. Although there a numerous regulations and directives, basic errors often result in insecure loads. This article aimed at improving the knowledge on securing of loads recalls the main legal requirements and directives as well as the factors involved (compensation of the forces involved during the transport, friction strength, securing strength, appropriate transport vehicles). It also provides examples of secure loading in three situations: the transport of palettes of stones, concrete prefabricated elements and construction equipment.
Die Industrie der Steine und Erden, Mar.-Apr. 2009, Vol.119, No.2, p.50-52. Illus.

CIS 10-0232
Health and safety Executive
Reducing ill-health and accidents in motor vehicle repair
This revised booklet outlines the main causes of occupational accidents and diseases in motor vehicle repair, namely manual handling, plant and equipment and fire and explosion. It contains a checklist reminding workers of the measures that need to be taken to reduce ill health and accidents. It has been updated to take account of changes in industry practice since the first version was published. Contents; slips and trips; plant and equipment; manual handling; falls; transport; fire and explosion; electrical safety; skin diseases.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Dec. 2009. 15p. Illus. 12 ref. [en inglés]

CIS 10-0140 Beaugrand S., Marcotte P., Larue C., Boutin J., Bellemare M.
Development of a prototype of a subway operator's seat in a context of very limited space
Développement d'un prototype de siège pour opérateur de métro dans un contexte où l'espace est très restreint [en francés]
Dating back from the 1970s, Montréal subway cabs have rudimentary seats that do not attenuate vibration. Two earlier studies documented the health problems of subway operators, described their work and characterized the whole-body vibrations to which they are exposed. The studies have also led to the development of design criteria for improving their cabs and seats by taking constraints into account, mainly limited space. The objective of this third project was to select and test a new seat meeting these criteria. At the end of this study, the Montréal transit company now has a seat prototype together with an overall assessment of the contributions and limits of the proposed modifications relating to the operators' health, safety and task performance.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2009. x, 157p. Illus. 27 ref. Price: CAD 17.59. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge. [en francés]


CIS 10-0711 Scientific study - ETAC - European truck accident causation
Only limited statistics are available regarding accidents involving trucks and even less is known about the cause of these accidents. This study was commissioned to fill in this lack of knowledge. Knowing that there are many factors which contribute to an accident and knowing that those factors are interlinked, the aim of the study was to identify the main causes of accidents involving trucks. The study shows that human error is the main cause of 85.2% of the studied cases. However, out of those 85.2%, 75% are caused by other road users and only 25% by the truck driver. In-depth analysis shows that when the human being caused the accident, non-adapted speed, failure to observe intersection rules and improper maneuvering when changing lanes were the main causes. Truck load and fatigue play only a minor role. One of the concluding recommendations is that improving driver training and upgrade driving school programs are key to improve road safety.
International Road Transport Union, 3, rue de Varembé, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2007. xxi, 110p. Illus.
Scientific_study-ETAC.pdf [en inglés]


CIS 07-933 Riesgos relacionados con los espacios confinados en el sector de los transportes marítimo y terrestre
Hazards of confined spaces for shipping and transportation industries [en inglés]
En el sumario de este folleto sobre la prevención de los riesgos durante la realización de trabajos en espacios confinados, dirigido principalmente al sector de los transporte marítimo y terrestre: definición de espacio confinado; atmósferas peligrosas (gases tóxicos, gases explosivos, atmósferas ricas y pobres en oxígeno); riesgos mecánicos, eléctricos y físicos; programa para la penetración en atmósferas cerradas. Contiene, asimismo, breves descripciones de accidentes ocurridos en el sector de los transportes marítimo y terrestre
Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, 2nd ed., 2006. ii, 20p. Illus. [en inglés]


CIS 03-1983 Essenberg B.
Violencia y estrés laboral en el sector del transporte
Violence and stress at work in the transport sector [en inglés]
La violencia y el estrés laboral son dos factores de riesgo en el sector del transporte que han suscitado un interés creciente en los últimos años. Este documento de trabajo centra su atención en el transporte publico (ferrocarriles y sistemas de transporte regionales o urbanos), transporte de mercancías por carretera, industria del taxi y aviación civil. Contenido: violencia y estrés en los sectores de servicios; características y causas de violencia y estrés laboral en el sector de los transportes; extensión de la violencia en este sector; recogida de datos y declaración de los casos de violencia y estrés; estrategias de prevención, disminución, gestión y adaptación.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. v, 46p. Illus. 81 ref. [en inglés]


CIS 00-238
Health and Safety Commission
Carretillas elevadoras: formación del conductor - Códigos prácticos y directivas
Rider-operated lift trucks: Operator training - Approved Code of Practice and Guidance [en inglés]
Sustituye a CIS 89-1697. Temas tratados: carretillas elevadoras de horquilla; directiva; formación para la prevención en la industria; legislación; cualificación; Reino Unido; transportador de paletas; transportes.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, Reino Unido, 2a ed., 1999. vi, 20p. lllus. 19 ref. Precio: GBP 5,00.


CIS 04-133 Serwałski Z., Wieczorek Z., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
La prevención en las pequeñas empresas - SST en la industria del transporte - Lista de control; Guía del empresario
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w przedsiębiorstwach transportowych - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [en polonés]
Esta lista de control para evaluación de la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo asociado con la industria del transporte debe ser utilizada conjuntamente con la guía del empresario. Enumera los riesgos potenciales asociados con estos entornos de trabajo y facilita sugerencias para su control o eliminación. Incluye también los principales textos legislativos y normas técnicas vigentes en Polonia.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 32+45p. 62 ref.

CIS 99-2090 Hartley L.
Gestión de la fatiga en la industria del transporte
Managing fatigue in transportation [en inglés]
Temas tratados: alcoholismo y accidentes; conductores; conferencia; consignas de seguridad; fatiga; horarios de trabajo; legislación; rendimiento cognitivo; rendimiento sensomotriz; ritmo circadiano; sueño; taxis; transportes marítimos; transportes por carretera; transportes; trabajo a turnos.
Elsevier Science Limited, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Reino Unido, 1998. xv, 458p. Ilus. Ref.bibl. Precio: NLG 227,00, USD 130,50.


CIS 97-1906 Coste de los accidentes de transporte y precio de la seguridad
Coût des accidents de transport et prix de la sécurité [en francés]
El coste socio-económico anual de los accidentes de transporte está estimado en más de 166 millardos de ecus. Este informe del ETSC (European Transport Safety Council) aportó las estimaciones para los diferentes modos de transporte, viario, por ferrocarril, aéreo y marítimo sobre la base de los datos y los costes relativos a los accidentes registrados en 1995. Apróximadamente 97% del coste total es atribuible a los accidentes por carretera; la escala del transporte viario y su nivel de riesgo son superiores a los de las demás formas de transporte. El ETSC expone varias recomendaciones sobre la base de los hechos presentados en el informe.
Janus, 1997, n°25, p.3-5. Ilus.


CIS 97-1343 Boels D., Pauk W., Steinoff A.
Behörde für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg
Los transportes intermodales y la seguridad de la circulación - El interfaz portuario
Sicherheit beim intermodalen Transport und Verkehr - Schnittstelle Hafen [en alemán]
Safety in intermodal transport and traffic - The harbour interface [en inglés]
Actas de un simposio celebrado en Hamburgo, Alemania, del 27 al 29 de noviembre de 1995, sobre la seguridad de los transportes intermodales y la circulación portuaria. Principales temas de las comunicaciones: seguridad de las rutas de los navíos en los puertos; pavimentos, señales de tráfico, iluminación de las rutas de servicio en los puertos; seguridad en la carga y descarga de contenedores; diseño de las terminales de contenedores; seguridad en la utilización de vehículos industriales en las instalaciones portuarias. Además de las comunicaciones alemanas, se presentaron trabajos de expertos de Holanda, Dinamarca y Letonia.
Edition Temmen, Hohenlohestr. 21, 28209 Bremen, Alemania, 1996. 164p. Ilus.

CIS 97-514 Cabrero E., Osuna E., Luna J.D., Jimenez M.C., Marin J., Luna A.
Alcoholismo, absentismo y accidentes de trabajo en una empresa española de transporte
Alcoolisme, absentéisme et accidents du travail dans une entreprise de transport espagnole [en francés]
Entre 1988 y 1992, se realizó un estudio del absentismo en una empresa española de transporte con 478 asalariados entre los que 43 de ellos, presumiblemente, consumían excesivo alcohol, teniendo una edad media de 46 años y una antigüedad media en la empresa de 23 años. Los presuntos consumidores de alcohol en exceso fueron identificados mediante entrevistas, exámenes médicos, balances de consumo e indicadores biológicos. Se destaca el nivel de absentismo y accidentabilidad entre los consumidores excesivos de alcohol.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, set. 1996, vol.57, n°5, p.353-355. 28 ref.


CIS 96-1717 Industria del transporte
Transportområdet [en danés]
Revisión sistemática de las publicaciones y documentación sobre el medio laboral y la salud de los trabajadores en el sector del transporte danés. En este sector se engloban diversos modos de transporte y actividades: almacenamiento, trabajo administrativo, actividades de conducción en otras industrias. Los principales factores de riesgo profesional en la industria del transporte y para los conductores en todas las industrias son: los accidentes, las lesiones de esfuerzo y el ruido. La incidencia de los accidentes declarados en la industria del transporte es de 25 accidentes por cada 1.000 empleados, índice superior al promedio de todas las industrias. Los conductores, exceptuando la industria del transporte, declaran mas accidentes graves que la media de todas las industrias. El levantamiento de cargas y las posturas forzadas son comunes en la industria del transporte y en los demás conductores. La frecuencia de las lesiones de esfuerzo declaradas en esta industria es superior a la media de todas las demás. De igual manera, la frecuencia de las lesiones auditivas supera la media. El ruido es habitual en la conducción pero también en las operaciones de carga y descarga, en las vías férreas y especialmente en los aeropuertos. Otros problemas son las vibraciones en todo el cuerpo y los efectos psicológicos. En este sector, se informa mas a menudo de la falta de control sobre el trabajo y de apoyo social que en todas las industrias. Ambas quejas son aún mas habituales entre los conductores de todas las industrias.
Arbejdstilsynet, At-Salg, Landskronagade 33, 2100 København Ø, Dinamarca, 1995. 88p. Precio: DKK 100,00 + IVA.

CIS 96-968 Normas IMO/OIT sobre el acondicionamiento de cargas en contenedores o en vehículos, para su uso en la práctica y con fines didácticos
Normas IMO/OIT para acondicionamento de carga em contentores de carga ou veículos para uso na prática e na instrução [en portugués]
Esta publicación, que es la traducción de normas establecidas conjuntamente por la Organización Marítima Internacional (OMI) y la OIT, va dirigida a todas aquellas personas que puedan estar relacionadas, por causa de su trabajo, con el transporte de mercancías peligrosas (tanto si se trata de transporte por carretera, ferroviario, y marítimo; y afecta a todas aquellas personas que trabajan en puertos, realizando tareas de carga y descarga). En el sumario: recomendaciones generales de seguridad; inspección visual previa a la operación de carga; configuración del área de almacenaje con criterios de seguridad; avisos suplementarios en las áreas de almacenaje, el cargamento del buque y la seguridad de manutención de mercancías peligrosas; información que debe comunicarse al recepcionar los contenedores o porta-contenedores. En un anexo: problemas derivados de la condensación o a los cambios de temperatura; etiquetas; carteles anunciadores y señalización para la lucha contra la contaminación del mar; medidas destinadas a reducir las cargas excesivas de los contenedores.
Direcção-Geral de Portos, Navegação e Transportes Marítimos, Inspecção de Navios e Segurança Marítima, Lisboa, Portugal, 1995. 32p. Ilus.


CIS 96-1346 Florian M.
Los héroes del asfalto en dificultades
Highway-Helden in Not [en alemán]
Temas estudiados en esta tesis doctoral: condiciones de trabajo de los camioneros, incluyendo los riesgos profesionales; factores de estrés y aspectos sociales del trabajo en trayectos de larga distancia.
Edition Sigma, Heimstrasse 14, 10965 Berlin, Alemania, 1994. 344p. 386 ref. Precio: DEM 35,00.

CIS 95-951 Zuskin E., Mustajbegovic J., Schachter E.N.
Síntomas respiratorios y función pulmonar entre los conductores y mecánicos de autobuses
Respiratory symptoms and lung function in bus drivers and mechanics [en inglés]
Estudio de los síntomas respiratorios agudos y crónicos y de la capacidad respiratoria de 116 conductores de autobuses y 119 mecánicos, que fueron comparados con un grupo control de 174 trabajadores de sexo masculino no expuestos a polvos ni humos, seleccionados coherentemente por edades y hábitos tabáquicos. Los conductores y los mecánicos presentaban una prevalencia de la mayoría de los síntomas respiratorios crónicos superior a la de los controles, especialmente en cuanto a los síntomas de catarro nasal a nivel de vías respiratorias inferiores. La prevalencia de los síntomas respiratorios era mayor entre los conductores y mecánicos fumadores que entre los no fumadores. Los conductores y mecánicos con más de 10 años de oficio mostraban una frecuencia de los síntomas respiratorios más elevada que aquellos, cuya antigüedad profesional era inferior a 10 años. Un gran número de trabajadores presentaban síntomas agudos durante la jornada laboral. Todos los parámetros de la capacidad ventilatoria eran más bajos en el grupo de conductores y mecánicos fumadores que los registrados entre los controles y lo mismo sucedía con los valores normales previstos.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, dic. 1994, vol.26, n°6, p.771-783. Ilus. 31 ref.

CIS 95-738 Podzuweit U.
Sujección de cargas - Transporte de barriles
Ladungssicherung - Lass rutschen, Kumpel [en alemán]
Entre 1987 y 1989, en Alemania, la caída de barriles mal sujetos aparecía entre las principales causas de los accidentes de transporte de mercancías por carretera. Se estudiaron experimentalmente los desplazamientos de barriles de acero y polietileno en camión en caso de frenado. Se probaron varios tipos de superficies de carga como madera, chapa ondulada de aluminio y pavimentos antiderrapantes. Las superficies con coeficiente elevado de frotamiento constituyen una fuente de accidentes. En función de los resultados obtenido, el autor del estudio sugiere algunas recomendaciones para incluir en las normas relativas a la sujeción de los barriles.
Gefährliche Ladung, set. 1994, vol.39, n°9, p.406-410. Ilus. 5 ref.


CIS 97-1781 Seguridad y Salud - Reglamento de 1993 sobre la comercialización y el control del transporte de explosivos [Reino Unido]
Health and Safety - The Placing on the Market and Supervision of Transfers of Explosives Regulations 1993 [United Kingdom] [en inglés]
Contenido de este Reglamento (en vigor el 1 de diciembre de 1993): definiciones y campo de aplicación; requisitos para la comercialización y el transporte de explosivos (certificado de conformidad, marca "CE"); exenciones. En anexo: descripciones mínimas de seguridad; disposiciones relacionadas con los explosivos a los que se ha marcado con la señal "CE"; marcado de conformidad; modificaciones a la Ley sobre Explosivos de 1875 y al Reglamento de 1991 sobre el Control de Explosivos. (CIS 91-2011).
HMSO Publications Centre, P.O.Box 276, London SW8 5DT, Reino Unido, 1993. 13p. Precio: GBP 3,20.


CIS 93-1284 Diebold F., Hubert G., Limasset J.C., Attia J., Risler N., Donati J., Dufoir J., Faugère J.G.
Urban buses. Exposure of drivers to exhaust gases from other vehicles
Autobus urbains. Exposition des conducteurs à la pollution produite par les gaz d'échappement des autres véhicules [en francés]
A method was developed for the measurement of exposure to exhaust gases by urban bus drivers. On-board sampling equipment was used to measure concentrations of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, lead, benzo[a]pyrene and formaldehyde in the breathing zone of the drivers, and compare them with concentrations outside, in front or above the bus. The results clearly indicate that the occupational exposure of urban bus drivers to the six pollutants considered is lower than occupational exposure limit values but CO, CO2 and lead concentrations are at or above internationally recommended environmental limits. CO concentration is significantly lower in the air above than in front of the bus.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th Quarter 1992, Note No. 1900-149-92, p.515-523. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 93-927 Guillemin M.P., Herrera H., Huynh C.K., Droz P.O., Vu Duc T.
Occupational exposure of truck drivers to dust and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons: A pilot study in Geneva, Switzerland
The exposure of 15 truck drivers from Geneva, Switzerland, to dust and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the driver's cabin was determined and compared with a control group of six office workers. The drivers were divided into smokers and non-smokers and into long-distance and local drivers. Total dust exposure of the local truck drivers of 0.3mg/m3 was three times higher than that of the long-distance drivers and the control group. A similar difference was obtained for the exposure to PAH except that the controls assumed a middle position. Smoking had no influence on the exposure to dust and PAH. The results do not explain why lung cancer is more prevalent among truck drivers than in other professional groups.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1992, Vol.63, No.7, p.439-447. Illus. 32 ref.

CIS 93-579 Kulling P., Andersson H., Boström K., Johansson L.A., Lindström B., Nyström B.
Fatal systemic poisoning after skin exposure to monochloroacetic acid
Monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is used in the production of carboxymethyl cellulose, phenoxyacetates, pigments and drugs. A person unloading 80% MCA solution from his truck at a plant was splashed. He was wearing no protective clothing. Although his clothes were removed within minutes and he showered for 20min, he suffered chemical burns over 25-30% of his body. Two hours after the accident, his blood pressure fell. He subsequently lost consciousness and stopped breathing. The plasma MCA concentration 4h after the accident was 33mg/mL. In spite of increasingly vigorous life-support measures, the victim died seven days after the day of the accident. Many organ systems showed abnormalities at autopsy. Besides the corrosiveness of MCA, its poisonous properties must be kept in mind.
Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1992, Vol.30, No.4, p.643-652. 27 ref.

CIS 92-2021 Kirchnawy F.
Modern analytical techniques in a mobile laboratory - A review of three years of experience in the control of hazardous goods transport
Moderne instrumentelle Analytik in einem mobilen Labor - Erfahrungen aus drei Jahren Praxis bei der Kontrolle von Gefahrguttransporten [en alemán]
On behalf of the Austrian Federal Minister for Public Economy and Transport, the Bundesprüfanstalt für Kraftfahrzeuge (Federal Control Establishment for Motor Vehicles) has developed a test trailer for testing the safety of transport of hazardous materials. It was commissioned on 29 June 1987. The controls usually take place on the grounds of the customs offices of heavily used border-crossing points and consist of a strict technical examination of the truck's condition. X-ray fluorescent analysis, GC-MS and varius chemical tests are available for the control of dangerous loads. By means of energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescent analysis, samples can be analysed without any preparation. The advantage of this method is that it combines mobility and conventional laboratory techniques.
Sichere Arbeit, 1992, No.4, p.15-20. Illus.


CIS 92-2083 Windberg H.J.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Interactions between occupational demands and the design of workplaces in the transport industry
Über die Wechselwirkungen zwischen den beruflichen Anforderungen und der Gestaltung der Arbeitsplätze in Fahrberufen [en alemán]
Based on the experience of the German Federal Railways, it is shown that the introduction of new technologies leads to safety improvements, and therefore should result in better job satisfaction. However, increasing reliance on automation and current trends in work rationalisation induce a feeling in workers that they work below their capacity under normal working conditions, but above it in crisis situations. This lack of balance results in increasing job dissatisfaction. This book recommends that a framework be established for better job design in the transport industry of the future, a design that leaves a place for human beings in the system, and one that considers human shortcomings as inherent in human nature.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen 113-115, D-W-2850 Bremerhaven 1, Germany, 1991. 229p. Illus. 232 ref. Price: DEM 36.00.

CIS 92-1683 Transport dangerous goods - Annual report 1990-1991
Transport des marchandises dangereuses - Rapport annuel 1990-1991 [en francés]
The report begins with a brief history of the Canadian (Federal) government's Transport Dangerous Goods Directorate, which is responsible for the enforcement of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Act. The organisational structure of the Directorate and its relationship with various federal and provincial bodies is explained. Recently promulgated regulations, standards, and permits are reviewed. General statistical summaries are presented on: dangerous goods accidents by province; death and injuries by cause; accidents by type and by transport mode.
Transport Canada, Surface Group, Canada Building, 344 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5, Canada, 1991. 16p. Illus.

CIS 91-798 Transport of radioactive materials
Broadsheet in A3 format presenting summary information on: uses of radioactive materials, packages and containers, modes of transport, routine doses, accidents since 1975, labelling, sources of further information.
National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 ORQ, United Kingdom, 1991. 1p. Illus. Single copies gratis.


CIS 91-1832 Canadian transportation safety catalogue
This product catalogue is designed to comply with Canadian government acts and regulations in the transportation and shipping industries. Included are Canadian safety products, training materials, dangerous goods compliance products, items for better fleet operations, and guides and handbooks covering U.S. Department of Transportation regulations.
J.J. Keller & Associates, Inc., 145 West Wisconsin Avenue, P.O. Box 368, Neenah, Wisconsin 54957-0368, USA, 1990. 24p. Illus.

CIS 91-1677 Handling, offering for transport and transporting dangerous goods
La manutention, la demande de transport et le transport des marchandises dangereuses [en francés]
This brochure provides a general outline of responsibilities for those who handle or offer for transport consignments of dangerous goods and those who transport, by any mode, consignments of dangerous goods as defined in the Canadian Transportation and Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations.
Transport Canada, Surface Group, Canada Building, 344 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5, Canada, 1990. 11p.


CIS 90-1032 Angerer P., Bahemann-Hoffmeister A., Mauermayer R., König P., Kessel R.
Influence of heavy physical work on lung function
Der Einfluss schwerer körperlicher Arbeit auf Messwerte der Lungenfunktion [en alemán]
Lung function was impaired in 38 healthy workers after they were engaged in the loading and unloading of airplanes; this decrease could not be demonstrated in a control population. Parameters measured were: forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), maximal expiratory flow.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, 1989, Vol.24, No.6, p.121-124. Illus. 21 ref.


CIS 89-1697
Health and Safety Commission
Rider operated lift trucks - Operator training - Approved Code of Practice and Supplementary Guidance
This booklet contains 2 documents. The Code of Practice has been approved under Section 16 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 for the purpose of giving practical guidance to the provision of basic training for all employees who have no experience in the operation of lift trucks. Scope: industrial counterbalanced lift trucks; industrial reach trucks; rough terrain counterbalanced lift trucks; telescopic materials handlers. Content: introduction; obligation to provide basic training; instructors; training area and facilities; training structure and content; testing; records. The Guidance supplements the Approved Code and gives practical advice on the training necessary for the safe operation of lift trucks. Content: selection of operators for training; training of operators; authorisation, records and certificates; further operator training; instructor selection and training; recognition of accrediting bodies. Five appendices contain additional details on the topic.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1988. 14p. Illus. Price: GBP 2.75.

CIS 89-695 Rüle R.
Significance of personality characteristics in the context of fitness assessment in transport psychology
Zur Bedeutung von Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen im Rahmen der verkehrspsychologischen Tauglichkeitsbeurteilung [en alemán]
As the demand for responsibility, operational reliability and safety in transport systems increases, the personality characteristics of drivers become ever more important. The various personality inventories described in the literature differ in usefulness for the prediction of drivers' behaviour in real situations. The connection between personality characteristics measured in the laboratory and aptitude for given jobs is weak. This may be due, at least in part, to compensatory processes in the behaviour of the subjects, and to the fact that some personality inventories are intended more to detect mental disease than to test aptitude.
Verkehrsmedizin und ihre Grenzgebiete, 1988, Vol.35, No.3, p.105-123. Illus. 21 ref.


CIS 93-1514 Canadian dictionary of safety terms
This dictionary contains approximately 4,500 safety-related terms and expressions with corresponding definitions. Three broad fields of safety are covered: occupational, transportation and public. A measurement conversion table and a list of acronyms with particular emphasis on Canada and the US are included.
Larr Enterprises, Ram Consulting, Box 9512, Station T, Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3V2, Canada, 1987. 313p. 31 ref.

CIS 89-371
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po trudu i social'nym voprosam. Sekretariat vsesojuznogo central'nogo soveta professional'nyh sojuzov
Approval of a standard list of strenous, hazardous, very strenuous and very hazardous jobs for which supplementary payments to workers may be established on account of working conditions in railways and underground railways [USSR]
Ob utverždenii tipovogo perečnja rabot s tjaželymi i vrednymi, osobo tjaželymi i osobo vrednymi uslovijami truda na kotoryh mogut ustanavlivat'sja doplaty rabočim za uslovija truda na predprijatijah i v organizacijah železnodorožnogo transporta i metropolitenov [en ruso]
This decision of 2 Oct. 1986 established a list of 42 jobs including manual mixing and loading of chemical solutions; cleaning and washing of steam-engine boilers; casting of lead-tin alloy parts; cleaning of tank cars; coupling and moving of railway cars.
Bjulleten' - Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po trudu i social'nym voprosam, 1987, No.7, p.29-32.


CIS 88-20 Order No. 3/1986 (III.9) KM of the Minister of Transport concerning occupational safety and health [Hungary]
A közlekedési miniszter 3/1986 (III.9) KM számú rendelete a munkavédelemről [en húngaro]
Ministerial order on the responsibilities of the Minister of Transport, of the management of transportation enterprises and of occupational safety and health organs within transportation enterprises, concerning the organisation of OSH prevention and training activities.
Magyar Közlöny, 1986, No.7, p.217-220.

CIS 86-1801 Noto J.
Repair work in underground tunnels and passages - Problems of protecting emergency crews
Interventions dans les installations de circulations souterraines - Problèmes posés par la protection des personnels [en francés]
Analysis of the difficulties faced by emergency crews who intervene after accidents in road, railway and underground (subway) tunnels. Aspects covered: intervention preparation, medical and physiological monitoring of crew members, operational training, checking and monitoring of equipment and materials, safety measures to be taken before and during the intervention, medical presence during the intervention.
Sécurité - sciences et techniques, Dec. 1986, No.59, p.45-52. Illus.


CIS 86-540 Hedberg G.
The working environment of truck drivers engaged in the distribution of goods - An ergonomic and ergometric study
Förares arbetsmiljö i samband med närdistribution - En ergonomisk och arbetsfysiologisk studie [en sueco]
This report describes an ergonomic and ergometric investigation of truck drivers engaged in the distrubution of goods. Twenty-two truck drivers were studied in the laboratory and during work in order to identify high physical loads. Heart rate recordings showed that their work is moderately strenuous. Loading and unloading was most strenuous. There was a significant increase in serum creatine kinase at the end of the week. This might be indicative of high local muscular strain. Improvements aimed at reducing exertion are proposed.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1985. 53p. Illus. 27 ref. Price:

CIS 86-356 Lundström R., Lindberg L.
Whole-body vibration in work in a standing position
Helkroppsvibrationer vid arbete i stående ställning [en sueco]
About 100 places of work, including ships, aircraft, trains and printing houses were investigated as regards human exposure to whole-body vibration while standing. Vibration at frequencies of 0.2-100Hz was measured in 3 perpendicular directions under normal operating conditions. Third-octave bands and broad-banded frequency weighted acceleration levels were determined. Low vibration levels, in most cases below 100dBv, were generally found for all environments; in some cases levels were below the perception threshold for vibration. The highest vibration levels were found in the vertical direction but on ice-breakers dominant vibrations in the front-to-back direction could also be demonstrated. No limitations in working-hours should in general be recommended according to the guidelines given in relevant Swedish or ISO standards.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1984. 84p. Illus. Price:


CIS 85-2074
Commission of the European Communities
Breakdown in human adaptation to 'stress' - towards a multidisciplinary approach
The 1st volume of this collection of papers from CEC workshops in 1982 and 1983 includes 20 papers on the prevalence, origin and consequences of stress in air, road and sea transport. Other studies related explicitly to workplace stress are entitled: psychosocial and psychophysiological factors in the design and the evaluation of working conditions within health care systems; white collar occupation and coronary-prone behaviour; questionnaire for organisational stress; methodology in workstress studies. General studies on the methodology of stress studies (epidemiological, medical, psychological) are also present.
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Distribution Centre, P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1984. 1682p. (2 vol.). Illus. Bibl. Price: Glds.375.00.


CIS 82-1631 Grandjean P., Hollnagel H., Olsen N.B.
Occupationally related lead exposure in the general population: a population study of 40-year-old men
The blood lead concentration (Pb-B) was determined for 88% of the 40-year-old male residents of 4 suburban communities and information on job category and place of work was obtained by interview. Of 504 men, 482 were currently employed, 18 were unemployed and 4 were retired. The total median Pb-B was 13µg/100ml. Men employed in construction, industrial production, and transportation had the highest Pb-B levels and very low concentrations were found among pensioners and farmers. Blue-collar workers had higher Pb-B levels than white-collar workers. Very high levels were found in 2 men employed at a secondary Pb smelter. The occupationally-related, increased Pb-B levels identified in this population contributed significantly to normal background levels.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 1981, Vol.7, No.4, p.298-301. 14 ref.


CIS 82-256
Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften)
Safety rules for vehicle maintenance
Sicherheitsregeln für die Fahrzeug-Instandhaltung [en alemán]
These safety rules apply to the maintenance and alteration of motorised land vehicles and aircraft (including trailers, agricultural machinery, rail vehicles, excavators, etc.). Sections are devoted to: layout and equipment of premises (exits, windows, doors, traffic aisles), inspection pits and underground plant, electrical plant and equipment; protection against fires, explosions and harmful substances (ventilation, flammable liquids, cleaning and good housekeeping, work with open flames); preventing the unintentional movement of vehicles; vehicle inspection lifts and work on raised vehicles; tyre inflation, wheel balancing; brake test benches; gasoline filling; vehicle driving. List of related regulations in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Federal Republic of Germany, Oct. 1980. 32p. Price: DM.3.50.


CIS 79-2044 Dangerous cargo: Transportation of hazardous materials - A special issue.
All the principal articles in this special issue are devoted to the problems involved in the transportation of hazardous materials: inadequate voluntary compliance with requirements for effective prevention in hazardous materials transportation; hazardous material transportation emergencies: responsibilities of US State governments (with emergency response checklist); coping with the nation's high-risk cargo (perspectives on handling incidents; training programme available from the US National Fire Protection Association); a shipper's system for safer distribution (handling procedures, documentation, responsibility of manufacturing department, inspections); safe entry into tanks and confined spaces (tankers, permits to enter, entry equipment, combustible gas, oxygen deficiency and toxicity indicators, escape); liquid transportation technology for chemicals (acids, corrosives, toxic substances): equipment and emergency systems; deadly cargo (hazardous materials transported on overland trucks and liquid and gas tankers).
Professional Safety, May 1979, p.17-48. Illus. 53 ref.


CIS 79-2063 Stein J., Jeske E.A., Schnell M.
Fitness for work regulations as basis for medical supervision of transport workers
Die Tauglichkeitsvorschrift Verkehrswesen als Grundlage der komplexen arbeitsmedizinischen Betreuung der Verkehrsschaffenden [en alemán]
The theoretical basis of the fitness for work regulations applicable to transport workers (effective 1 Oct. 1979) in the German Dem.Rep. is presented, and their place in the overall system of medical supervision of transport workers made clear. The regulations directly or indirectly cover all the important activities of the occupational physician. Their 4 elements (stress at the workplace, examination methods, fitness assessment, work organisation) are discussed at length. Other articles in this issue (p.273-306) deal with the impact of these regulations on the activity of plant health services.
Verkehrsmedizin und ihre Grenzgebiete, 1978, Vol.25, No.6, p.257-272.

CIS 79-474 Stopp G.
Dangerous goods - Problems in transport and medical care in the event of an accident
Gefährliche Güter - Problematik im Transportprozess und bei der medizinischen Betreuung im Havariefall [en alemán]
The national (Germany, Dem.Rep.) and international regulations to be observed by transport undertakings and their clients are summarised. The classifications of the Orders or agreements pertaining to substances with specific properties (explosive, flammable, toxic, etc.) are tabulated. The differences in classification and difficulties in precise determination of the hazard in the event of damage are discussed.
Verkehrsmedizin und ihre Grenzgebiete, 1978, Vol.25, No.1, p.1-12.


CIS 77-2070 Bibliography: nautical medicine - Vol.I.
Bibliographie Schiffahrtsmedizin - Bd.I [en alemán]
List of the documentation (some 6,000 documents at present) in the collection of the Nautical Medicine Department of the Bernard Nocht Institute for Seafarers' and Tropical Diseases (Hamburg, Fed. Rep. of Germany), giving title and source of these documents (but no abstract), under the following headings: history; summarised reports, encyclopaediae; medical care on board and ashore; marine biology; physiology; toxicology; prophylaxis and curative medicine; motion sickness; psychology and mental hygiene; hygiene in seafaring and port hygiene; port labour; epidemiology; occupational medicine and ergonomics; medico-technical equipment and procedures; selection, fitness, qualification, training; shipwreck, survival at sea, rescue equipment; diving, living under water; nautical medical themes in respect of ship types; inland waterway shipping; laws, regulations, standards, instructions, leaflets. Contents in German and English. Alphabetical author index.
Abteilung für Schiffahrtsmedizin, Bernhard-Nocht-Institut für Schiffs- und Tropenkrankheiten, Seewartenstrasse 9a, 2000 Hamburg 11, Germany (Fed.Rep.), Apr. 1977. 376p.


CIS 76-1803 Courcol.
Design of trucks and tanks to reduce the hazard of falls from heights
La conception des camions et des citernes contre les risques de chutes de hauteur. [en francés]
Communication to the Regional Technical Committee for Transports and Goods Handling (Comité technique régional des transports et de la manutention), Lille, France. Contents: review of accident statistics; tanks (construction, positioning and fixing, etc. of access ladders); prevention of accidents when working or moving on top of tank (non-slip-surface walkways, toeboards); trucks and trailers (egress from driver's cab and descent from truck frame; access; securing and removal of tarpaulins, lowering and securing of tail- and side-boards, etc.); trucks and trailers for vehicle transport. The all-too frequent inadequacy of the equipment for access and for working on the top and sides of these vehicles, referred to in this communication, constitutes a hazard factor which makes bad working conditions even worse.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France, 11 boulevard Vauban, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 9 Oct. 1975. 9p. Gratis.

CIS 76-2 Whitbread E.G., Meadowcroft A.E., Steel J.G., Lunn H.P., Pike H., Rees W., Davies D.L., Roberts R.K., Malcolm J.G., Peeler J., Lewis G.J., Swinbank C., Jenkin-Jones C.O.
Distribution Conference: Proceedings.
This conference on packaging and shipping of dangerous goods was held at Harrogate, U.K. on 12-13 Feb. 1975. The papers read were: Regulation of the conveyance of dangerous goods; Hazard classification - the UN system; Package performance tests - the concept and the reality; The movement of chemicals in freight containers; Movement of chemicals by air; Labelling for transport; Labelling for user protection; International transport of dangerous goods in portable tanks; Intermediate bulk containers; Implementation of Chemical Industries Association's recommended safety procedures; European surface transport; Role of returnable packages in the distribution operations of the chemical industry; Packaged goods lost at sea; Presentation of 'CHEMSAFE' (chemical industry scheme for assistance in freight emergencies). The open forum discussion; references to directives and regulations; and Chemical Industries Association publications on related topics are included.
Chemical Industries Association, Ltd., 93 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7TU, United Kingdom, 1975. 77p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: £3.00.

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